WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     || 2 |
5..

, (ARIMA), (Revenue Estimating Model, REM)2.

(TS) (DS-);

,, TS DS-. :

,.,.

:

( ) 1993.,.

2 ARIMA-.. (Public Finance Group, Duke Center for International Development).

171 ADF- Dolado, Jenkinson SosvillaRivero.

Q- (LM-). Akaikie (AIC) Schwarza (BIC).

:

1. ( 1).

2. ( 2).

3. ( 3).

5.1. ; 19951998 19982002.

(.

. 5.1.1)., : 1998.

2002.

ADF-, 1 3 1/ 3 ( ), T T.,., ( ), ( ) (, ),, (DUM12, DUM07, DUM01).

172 :

INC .

T .

DUM12 ,.

DUM01 ,.

DUM07 ,.

( 1993...) 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 92 92 93 93 94 94 95 95 96 96 97 97 98 98 99 99 00 00 01 01 02. 5. 1.1 5.1.1 TS- (1998.102002.03) Dependent Variable: INC Method: Least Squares Sample: 1998:10 2002:03 Included observations: 42 Convergence achieved after 98 iterations Backcast: 1997:07 1998:09 Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C -0.368642 0.028271 -13.03962 0.0000 @TREND 0.008539 0.000266 32.12224 0.0000 DUM12 0.382276 0.015178 25.18601 0.0000 DUM01 -0.177080 0.016995 -10.41934 0.0000 DUM07 0.157104 0.018094 8.682851 0.0000 AR( 1) -0.734847 0.112648 -6.523371 0.0000 AR( 3) 0.477936 0.085368 5.598534 0.0000 MA( 3) -0.181721 0.081469 -2.230549 0.0326 SMA( 12) 0.885662 0.000118 7481.354 0.R-squared 0.985717 Mean dependent var 0.Adjusted R-squared 0.982254 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.019649 Akaike info criterion -4.Sum squared resid 0.012740 Schwarz criterion -4.Log likelihood 110.5183 F-statistic 284.Durbin-Watson stat 1.906247 Prob(F-statistic) 0.,,.

LM- 16.

( 1993..,..).

1, 1 2 1,0,0,0,0,0, 01 01 01 01 02 02. 5.1.2. TS-,, TS, DS-,. DS-.

5.1.DS- (1998.10-2002.03) Dependent Variable: D( INC) Method: Least Squares Sample( adjusted): 1998:10 2002:Included observations: 42 after adjusting endpoints Convergence achieved after 22 iterations Backcast: 1998:06 1998:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C 0.011317 0.004652 2.432575 0.DUM01 -0.340414 0.027533 -12.36391 0.DUM12 0.275983 0.024858 11.10259 0.DUM07 0.069992 0.021531 3.250717 0.D( INC( -1)) -0.349235 0.039997 -8.731509 0.D( INC( -2)) -0.236336 0.038229 -6.182137 0.D( INC( -8)) 0.107250 0.033499 3.201599 0.MA( 4) -0.931761 0.046427 -20.06926 0.R-squared 0.977238 Mean dependent var 0.Adjusted R-squared 0.972552 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.027681 Akaike info criterion -4.Sum squared resid 0.026053 Schwarz criterion -3.Log likelihood 95.49579 F-statistic 208.Durbin-Watson stat 2.285610 Prob(F-statistic) 0..

( 1993.,..).

1, 1 2 1,0,0,0,0,0, 01 01 01 01 02 02. 5.1.3. DS-,,, (TS DS),., TS-,,.,...

5.1. ( ) TS- DS- 1 2 TS DS TS DS TS DS 0.018 0.030 0.020 0.033 0.019 0. 0.013 0.026 0.014 0.029 0.014 0. 2.004% 4.016% 2.260% 4.511% 2.227% 7.910% % 5.2. 1999. 2002.. 5.2.1.

( 1993,., ) 92 92 93 93 94 94 95 95 96 96 97 97 98 98 99 99 00 00 01 01. 5.2.1.

,.,, TS, DS-,. (TS) :

:

PRF .

T .

,,.

AR(12). LM-.

5.2.TSDependent Variable: PRF Method: Least Squares Sample: 1999:01 2002:Included observations: Convergence not achieved after 100 iterations Backcast: 1997:10 1998:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C 6.664341 4.472225 1.490162 0.T -0.039065 0.029266 -1.334835 0.AR( 12) 0.646295 0.131007 4.933304 0.MA( 2) -0.004078 0.108964 -0.037428 0.MA( 3) 0.140874 0.104210 1.351820 0.SMA( 12) 0.885771 1.97E-05 44974.73 0.R-squared 0.857029 Mean dependent var 1.Adjusted R-squared 0.835367 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.174173 Akaike info criterion -0.Sum squared resid 1.001091 Schwarz criterion -0.Log likelihood 16.07958 F-statistic 39.Durbin-Watson stat 1.600468 Prob(F-statistic) 0. ( 1993.,..).

1,.. 1 2 1,1,1,1,0,0,0,0,0, 01 01 01 01 02 02. 5.2.2. TS-, (,,, ).

5.2.DSDependent Variable: D( PRF) Method: Least Squares Sample: 1999:01 2002:Included observations: Convergence achieved after 99 iterations Backcast: 1997:11 1998:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C 0.011705 0.041977 0.278847 0.D( PRF( -12)) 0.754360 0.125916 5.990986 0.D( PRF( -1)) -0.364116 0.111278 -3.272130 0.MA( 2) -0.197575 0.100874 -1.958638 0.SMA( 12) 0.885650 0.000230 3848.928 0.R-squared 0.858105 Mean dependent var 0.Adjusted R-squared 0.841411 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.183776 Akaike info criterion -0.Sum squared resid 1.148301 Schwarz criterion -0.Log likelihood 13.40432 F-statistic 51.Durbin-Watson stat 2.095453 Prob(F-statistic) 0. MA(2).

( 1993.,..).

1,.. 1 2 1,1,1,1,0,0,0,0,0, 01 01 01 01 02 02. 5.2.3. DS-,,,.

TS - DS-.

5.2. ( ) TS- DS 1 2 TS DS TS DS TS DS 0.101 0.093 0.112 0.098 0.114 0. 0.080 0.069 0.087 0.069 0.085 0. 7.736% 7.354% 8.361% 7.413% 9.134% 13.067% % 5.3. ( ), 1999.

2002.

( 1993,..) 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 98 98 98 98 99 99 99 99 00 00 00 00 01 01 01 01 02. 5.3. ADF-, TS., AR(1) AR(2).

:

FPRF .

5.3.TSDependent Variable: FPRF Method: Least Squares Sample: 1999:12 2002:Included observations: Convergence achieved after 37 iterations Backcast: 1998:12 1999:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C 0.542277 0.028108 19.29241 0.AR( 2) -0.470293 0.180270 -2.608827 0.AR( 1) 0.363175 0.180367 2.013534 0.MA( 12) 0.885815 0.000130 6806.169 0.R-squared 0.723397 Mean dependent var 0.Adjusted R-squared 0.688822 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.098005 Akaike info criterion -1.Sum squared resid 0.230521 Schwarz criterion -1.Log likelihood 27.46437 F-statistic 20.Durbin-Watson stat 1.730642 Prob(F-statistic) 0..

(, ).

( 1993.,..).

0,700.. 1 2 0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 01 01 01 01 02 02. 5.3.2. TS-,, ADF-, DS-,,...

5.3.DSDependent Variable: D( FPRF) Method: Least Squares Sample: 1998:12 2002:Included observations: Convergence achieved after 6 iterations Backcast: 1997:12 1998:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C 0.004927 0.026075 0.188952 0.D( FPRF( -2)) -0.455761 0.121944 -3.737456 0.D( FPRF( -1)) -0.247316 0.120996 -2.043994 0.D( FPRF( -10)) -0.426217 0.122114 -3.490320 0.MA( 12) 0.871342 0.046472 18.74966 0.R-squared 0.792363 Mean dependent var 0.Adjusted R-squared 0.768633 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.089329 Akaike info criterion -1.Sum squared resid 0.279286 Schwarz criterion -1.Log likelihood 42.53040 F-statistic 33.Durbin-Watson stat 2.094007 Prob(F-statistic) 0. ( 1993.,..).

1 2..

0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0, 01 01 01 01 02 02. 5.3.3. DS-,. (TS) 20% 16%.,.

(DS-),., DS-,,.

5.3. ( ) TS- DS 1 2 TS DS TS DS TS DS 0.095 0.073 0.096 0.076 0.081 0. 0.074 0.060 0.074 0.064 0.059 0. 20.600% 14.567% 20.602% 15.373% 16.028% 20.105% % 5.4. ( 1998.

2002.). 2001., 23.,.. 5.4.1.

:

VAT ( ).

DUM1201 , 2001.

.

ADF- ( ),.. . 5.4.1 :

( 1993..) 92 92 93 93 94 94 95 95 96 96 97 97 98 98 99 99 00 00 01 01. 5.4. 5.4.TSDependent Variable: VAT Method: Least Squares Sample: 1998:12 2002:Included observations: Convergence achieved after 11 iterations Backcast: 1997:10 1998:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C 1.512976 0.060432 25.03621 0.DUM1201 1.054938 0.118482 8.903755 0.AR( 12) 0.280280 0.070583 3.970939 0.MA( 2) 0.162753 0.052755 3.085045 0.SMA( 12) 0.846364 0.040215 21.04593 0.R-squared 0.916580 Mean dependent var 1.Adjusted R-squared 0.906469 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.107015 Akaike info criterion -1.Sum squared resid 0.377921 Schwarz criterion -1.Log likelihood 33.68278 F-statistic 90.Durbin-Watson stat 2.665606 Prob(F-statistic) 0., TS- :

( 1993.,..).

.. 1 2 1,1,1,1,0,0,0,0, 01 01 01 01 01 01. 5.4.2. TS-,, DS- TS,,,,.,. :

5.4.DSDependent Variable: D( VAT) Method: Least Squares Sample: 1998:12 2002:Included observations: Convergence achieved after 11 iterations Backcast: 1997:09 1998:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C -0.007055 0.048276 -0.146148 0.D( VAT( -1)) -0.767654 0.131004 -5.859796 0.D( VAT( -12)) 0.446102 0.108687 4.104456 0.DUM1201 1.019370 0.172790 5.899465 0.MA( 1) -0.073347 0.071738 -1.022434 0.MA( 3) 0.113705 0.056322 2.018840 0.SMA( 12) 0.880468 0.035290 24.94964 0.R-squared 0.891457 Mean dependent var 0.Adjusted R-squared 0.870448 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.143094 Akaike info criterion -0.Sum squared resid 0.634756 Schwarz criterion -0.Log likelihood 23.83025 F-statistic 42.Durbin-Watson stat 2.462904 Prob(F-statistic) 0., MA(1),,. DS. 5.4.3.

( 1993.,..).

.. 1 2 1,1,1,1,0,0,0,0, 01 01 01 01 01 01. 5.4.3. DS-,,,. TS-, DS-.,.

5.4. ( ) TS- DS 1 2 TS DS TS DS TS DS 0.097 0.113 0.094 0.126 0.141 0. 0.078 0.081 0.076 0.107 0.108 0. 5.204% 5.454% 5.046% 7.233% 7.191% 9.954% % 5.5. 1998. 2002.. 5.5.1.

ADF-,,, (TS DS). TS-.,,. LM.

( 1993,..) 92 92 93 93 94 94 95 95 96 96 97 97 98 98 99 99 00 00 01 01. 5.5. :

TAX .

5.5.TSDependent Variable: TAX Method: Least Squares Sample: 1998:12 2002:Included observations: Convergence achieved after 47 iterations Backcast: 1998:02 1998:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C 8.352150 0.923057 9.048361 0.AR( 1) 0.669244 0.051148 13.08443 0.SAR( 12) 0.728283 0.048402 15.04649 0. 5.5.1. () Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

MA( 10) -0.903911 0.000153 -5907.261 0.R-squared 0.923898 Mean dependent var 4.Adjusted R-squared 0.917183 S.D. dependent var 1.S.E. of regression 0.368520 Akaike info criterion 0.Sum squared resid 4.617439 Schwarz criterion 1.Log likelihood -13.87249 F-statistic 137.Durbin-Watson stat 2.231670 Prob(F-statistic) 0. :

( 1993.,..).

8, 1 2 7,6,5,4,3,2,1,0, 01 01 01 01 01 01. 5.5.2. TS-, DS- :

5.5.DSDependent Variable: D( TAX) Method: Least Squares Sample: 1998:12 2002:Included observations: Convergence achieved after 40 iterations Backcast: 1997:12 1998:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C 0.048226 0.118756 0.406092 0.D( TAX( -2)) -0.271057 0.119323 -2.271633 0. 5.5.2 () Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

D( TAX( -12)) 0.589665 0.096749 6.094792 0.D( TAX( -1)) -0.187112 0.097694 -1.915290 0.MA( 12) 0.885703 0.000101 8776.951 0.R-squared 0.914548 Mean dependent var 0.Adjusted R-squared 0.904190 S.D. dependent var 1.S.E. of regression 0.370703 Akaike info criterion 0.Sum squared resid 4.534889 Schwarz criterion 1.Log likelihood -13.52974 F-statistic 88.Durbin-Watson stat 2.382760 Prob(F-statistic) 0. ( 1993.,..).

8, 1 2 7,6,5,4,3,2,1,0, 01 01 01 01 01 01. 5.5.3. DS-,, DS,.,.

5.5. ( ) TS- DS 1 2 TS DS TS DS TS DS 0.301 0.343 0.288 0.351 0.386 0. 0.270 0.301 0.276 0.305 0.345 0. 5.014% 5.318% 4.881% 5.440% 6.167% 7.210% % 5.6. ( ) 1998. 2002.

. 5.6.1.

ADF-.,., TS-, DS-,.

TS-.,,. LM.

( 1993,..) 98 98 98 98 99 99 99 99 00 00 00 00 01 01 01 01 02. 5.6. :

FTAX .

T .

DUM12 ,.

5.6.TSDependent Variable: FTAX Method: Least Squares Sample: 1998:12 2002:Included observations: Convergence achieved after 41 iterations Backcast: 1997:11 1998:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C -3.765316 0.822514 -4.577812 0.T 0.062886 0.008164 7.703082 0.DUM12 1.011838 0.056569 17.88694 0.MA( 1) 0.961698 0.040999 23.45688 0.SMA( 12) 0.467951 0.131552 3.557158 0.R-squared 0.926175 Mean dependent var 2.Adjusted R-squared 0.917227 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.260660 Akaike info criterion 0.Sum squared resid 2.242143 Schwarz criterion 0.Log likelihood -0.146738 F-statistic 103.Durbin-Watson stat 1.579306 Prob( F-statistic) 0. :

( 1993.,..).

1 2 01 01 01 01 01 01. 5.6.2. TS-, DS- (, ):

5.6.DSDependent Variable: D( FTAX) Method: Least Squares Sample( adjusted): 1999:02 2002:Included observations: 36 after adjusting endpoints Convergence achieved after 9 iterations Backcast: 1998:02 1999:Variable Coefficient Std. Error t-Statistic Prob.

C -0.024307 0.051838 -0.468895 0.D( FTAX( -12)) 1.032298 0.129821 7.951703 0.MA( 12) -0.816168 0.059737 -13.66272 0.R-squared 0.715528 Mean dependent var 0.Adjusted R-squared 0.698287 S.D. dependent var 0.S.E. of regression 0.283223 Akaike info criterion 0.Sum squared resid 2.647099 Schwarz criterion 0.Log likelihood -4.100807 F-statistic 41.Durbin-Watson stat 1.889166 Prob(F-statistic) 0. LM-.

DS- :

( 1993.,..).

1 2 01 01 01 01 01 01. 5.6.3. DS-,,, DS-. TS-,.

5.6. ( ) TS- DS 1 2 TS DS TS DS TS DS 0.426 0.428 0.425 0.429 0.427 0. 0.289 0.254 0.315 0.246 0.267 0. 8.526% 7.183% 9.315% 7.013% 7.852% 9.559% % 5.7. (Revenue Estimating Model),.

,,.

(Revenue Estimating Model, REM) -.

REM- ( -, ).,,,, ( ).

ARIMA REM-.

5.7.1. . 5.7.1 ( ) 9 2001.

.

, TS, DS REM (..).

40. TS DS REM 35.30.25.20.15.10.5.0..01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.. 5.7.1. TS-, DS- REM- 2001.

5.7. TS-, DS- REM- TS DS REM 1.468 1.552 1. 1.239 1.325 1. 5.696% 5.577% 7.447% %,, ( DS-) REM.

5.7.2. . 5.7.2 9 2001. TS-, DS- REM-.

.

, TS, DS REM (..).

80. TS DS REM 70.60.50.40.30.20.10.0..01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.. 5.7.2. TS-, DS- REM- 2001.

5.7. ( ) TS-, DS- REMTS DS REM 11.390 12.342 10. 9.146 10.546 6. 21.103% 24.339% 15.862% % TS- DS,,. REM-.

5.7.3. ( ). 5.7.3 9 2001. TS-, DS- REM-.

.

, TS, DS REM (..).

TS DS REM.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.. 5.7.3. TS-, DS- REM- 2001.

5.7. ( ) TS-, DS- REMTS DS REM 4.380 6.285 4. 3.937 5.268 3. 18.894% 27.052% 21.087% %,,,.

TS-.

5.7.4. TS-, DS- REM-.

.

, TS, DS REM (..).

70. TS DS REM 60.50.40.30.20.10.0..01.01.01.01.01.01.01.. 5.7.4. TS-, DS- REM- 2001.

5.7. ( ) TS-, DS- REMTS DS REM 5.292 9.923 6. 4.053 7.712 5. 7.932% 14.484% 11.063% %, 2001.

,,,., 2001., 8 2001.

, TS-.

Pages:     || 2 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .