Examples of the Implementation of National Projects in the Si berian Federal Okrug In order to encourage the best teachers of Omsk Oblast, 5 mln rou bles was allocated in the regional budget to the payment of bonuses within the framework of the national project “Education”. In addition, all the participants in the contest’s final stage – 161 teachers from that region – received cash bonuses from the Government of Omsk Oblast in the amount of 31,000 roubles each. These monies are transferred to the teachers’ personal accounts. A total of 110 teachers from rural schools and 51 teachers from urban schools received in 2006 state support, in the amount of 100,000 roubles, on the basis of the results of the implementation of the priority national project “Education”. Pres ently, more than 80% of the region’s rural schools are equipped with motor means of transportation. In 2006, within the framework of the implementation of the oblast program “Social development of the rural village in Omsk Oblast for the period until the year 2010”, 32 mln rou bles was allocated, with the result that 78 educational establishments were equipped with means of transportation. During the Oblast’s year long comprehensive program “School Bus”, 388 units of motor means of transportation were acquired, their total cost being 124 mln roubles.
In the first eight months of the year 2006, 551 families in Kras noyarsk Krai received subsidies for the acquisition of housing within the framework of the Krai target program “The provision of young families with housing in the years 2006–2008”. The total amount of subsidies was 12.7 mln roubles. Within the framework of the program for fulfilling state obligations in respect to the provision of housing to certain cate gories of citizens, the Krai Administration provided housing to 298 fami lies at the cost of 259.6 mln roubles. It is planned that a total of families will be provided with housing under this program. Simultane ously, a system of mortgage crediting for housing construction is being developed in the krai. According to the data published by the regional authorities, in the year’s first 8 months, credits in the total amount of 591 mln roubles were granted to 845 residents of the Krai. It is intended to grant credits in the year 2006 in the amount of 700 mln roubles.
As of 1 December 2006, peasant households and farms (PHF) and individual households (IH) in Altay Krai received 6,968 credits in the to tal amount of 1.27 bln roubles, including 6,405 credits in the total amount of 577.5 mln roubles granted to IHs. Agricultural consumer co operatives were granted two credits in the amount of 6.3 mln roubles.
Credits and loans were subsidized under 2142 agreements, in the total amount of 831.3 mln roubles, where the share of credits granted to IHs constituted 1712 agreements in the total amount of 152.8 mln roubles.
The share of PHFs is represented by 430 agreements in the total amount of 678.6 mln roubles. The housing conditions of 173 young specialists were improved this year, these persons being employed in rural areas in the agroindustrial complex and in the social sphere of Al tay Krai. For the support to be provided within the framework of the pri ority national project “The development of the AIC”, an annual limit was established in the amount of 9 mln roubles of subsidies from the federal budget, and 12 mln roubles of subsidies – from the krai budget. In 2007, it is planned that, in order to provide support in the acquisition of housing to young specialists in rural areas, the resources from local budgets and those of employers will have to be made use of. Under the federal target program “Social development of the rural village until the year 2010”, another 423 rural families from 60 raions in the krai will re ceive support in the improvement of their housing conditions.
Novosibirsk Oblast received the whole volume of medical equip ment, as it had been planned for this year in the national project “Health”. Among the supplied equipment, there was the equipment for functional diagnostic procedures, laboratory and endoscopic equip ment, ultrasonography machines, and X ray equipment. All these are already being used in the medical institutions of Novosibirsk Oblast.
From the oblast and municipal budgets, 84.5 mln roubles was allocated to current and capital repairs of the polyclinics providing primary medi cal care, while to the equipment of polyclinics with personal computers it is planned to allocate, before the end of 2006, another 3.1 mln rou bles. To Novosibirsk Oblast, 145 ambulances were supplied, their total cost being 68.9 mln roubles.
Examples of the Implementation of National Projects in the Urals Federal Okrug Since January 2006, the implementation of programs in the spheres of public education, public health care, agroindustrial complex, and housing construction have been started in Yugra. Some qualitatively new results were demonstrated by the Autonomous Okrug at the end of the first year of the implementation of the priority national project “Af fordable and comfortable housing”. It is planned that more than thousand sq m of housing is going to be commissioned (this is by one order more than the index of the year 2005). In 2007, the commission of more than 1 million sq m is expected. In 2006, through auctioning, the plots of land were designated where a total of 2 mln sq m of housing can be constructed. From early 2006, the mechanism of mortgage crediting for housing construction has been launched and is working quite efficiently. Through the activity of the Mortgage Agency and au thorized banks, more than 12 bln roubles has been attracted to the housing construction market (against a little more than 2 bln roubles in 2005). A big stake has been put by the government of Yugra on the comprehensive program for the construction of small size wooden apartment houses. Several such buildings have already been con structed with the use of local raw materials. It is planned that within 1.5– 2 years under this project 200–250 thousand sq m of housing will be commissioned annually.
In Sverdlovsk Oblast, within the framework of the implementation of the project component “Implementation of modern educational tech nologies”, as of the end of November 2006, 152 universal comprehen sive educational establishments had been connected to the Internet out of the total of 334 which were to be connected during the year 2006.
The region is also working at the implementation of the project direction “Improvement of general upbringing at secondary schools”. In October, 7,107 teachers in the oblast received additional bonuses from the fed eral budget for class supervision, in the total amount of 5,669 mln rou bles. Besides, additional payments for class supervision were made from the consolidated budget of Smolensk Oblast in the total amount of 3,208 mln roubles. The additional payments for November will be trans ferred between 5 and 15 December 2006. Within the framework of the project direction “Rural school bus”, the oblast received eight buses out of the planned ten, purchased at the expense of the federal budget.
However, certain violations were revealed during the implementation of the national projects. In the towns of Alapaevsk, Neviansk, Irbit, Revda and some others, the instances of erroneous calculation of additional benefits for performing the functions of a class supervisor were found out. In Nizhneserginskii, Kushvinskii, Sysertskii and Serovskii raions, some violations took place when budget subsidies for individual hous ing construction were being granted. A total of more than 200 violations were found out by procurators during checks of how legislation was be ing complied with during the implementation of national projects, in re spect to which appropriate measures were applied.
In course of the implementation of the national project “The devel opment of the AIC”, 5,000 additional one animal livestock units for were commissioned in Tumen Oblast in the first 11 months of the year 2006.
And resulting from the construction of 15 dairy complexes, the oblast’s livestock sector will have at its disposal 13,000 one animal units. To the oblast’s farms, 6,700 heads of pure breeder cattle of foreign selection were brought from France, the Netherlands, Germany, and 1, heads – from other regions of Russia. The oblast budget, in the form of leasing, covered the purchase of 16 complexes of highly productive fodder processing machinety. Besides, the Oblast government de cided that by the end of 2007, a seed breeding farm, for the selection and production of perennial grasses should be created. Among the problems faced by the national project for the development of the AIC while it is being implemented in the territory of Tumen Oblast, the ab sence of design documentation needed for the construction of modern livestock breeding complexes, compatible with market demand, has been noted.
For purposes of improving the material status of medical personnel, through creating a system of additional payments to the staff of first aid and tocological stations, emergency medical service and ambulatory medical institutions in Khanty Mansi Autonomous Okrug (KMAO), a to tal of 175.17 mln roubles will be allocated in 2007. Of that amount, 64.88 mln roubles will be allocated at the expense of the Autonomous Okrug’s budget. In accordance with the draft law, in 2006 a total of 60.246 mln roubles are to be allocated to these purposes, including the 13.9 mln roubles that have already been allocated in the Okrug’s budget. A system of the Governor’s grants is being developed in the KMAO, in order to support the most promising projects in the sphere of public health care. The expenditures earmarked in the year 2007 for these activities are equal to 30 mln roubles.
Examples of the Implementation of National Projects in the Central Federal Okrug In the agriculture sector of Ivanovo Oblast, 21 agricultural producers were granted credits for the construction and modernization of farms in the amount of 149.9 mln roubles. Of these credits, 19 were granted by the Rosselkhozbank, and 2 were received from the Sberbank. The Oblast government is going to open new representative offices of that agency in the region. Credits in the amount of 21.6 mln roubles were granted to cover the purchases of cattle. A total of 798 heads of cattle were purchased, their total cost being 36.1 mln roubles. A total of thousand roubles was spent on 100 pigs. The greatest number of loans (45) were granted to Privolzhskii raion, 33 – to Lezhnevskii raion, 31 – to Verkhne Landekhovskii raion, 6 – to Vichiugskii raion, 5 – to Shuiskii raion, and Pestiakovskii and Palekhskii raions received 3 loans each.
During the year, 18 agricultural cooperatives were created in the Oblast.
Within the framework of the project “Affordable and comfortable housing”, in March an agreement on cooperation was sighed between the Ivanovo Administration and the Ministry for Regional Development.
The foundation for the national project’s implementation became the Oblast’s target program “Housing”, adopted for the years 2002–2010.
Within its framework, in 2006 mortgage credits were granted in the total amount of 222 mln roubles. It is envisaged that 7,933 thousand roubles should be paid from the Oblast’s budget. In 2006, 42.6 mln roubles were allocated to the reforming and modification of the housing and utilities complex, 71.6 mln roubles – to the resettlement of residents from old and dilapidated apartment buildings into new ones. The Oblast government is now providing plots of land for the construction of utili ties communications. Such activity is going on quite successfully in dis trict “Moskovskii”. If these districts succeed in being included in the na tional projects, attempts can be made to negotiate the issues of price growth with the constructing company, to make prices grow at a slower rate than that observed in 2006.
In Kursk Oblast, in course of the implementation of the national pro ject “Quality education”, 27 secondary schools in 2006 received presi dential grants in the amount of 1 mln roubles each. Besides, they all received impressive bonuses from the region’s administration. In order to introduce information technologies in the sphere of education, within the national project’s framework 878 educational establishments in Kursk Oblast are to be connected to the Internet. According to the plan for 2006, 297 educational establishments are to be thus connected. As reported by the Committee for Education, 153 of them have already obtained access to the Web. The region received the planned number of school buses. The federal budget paid for 17 buses, and the oblast budget – for 11. Besides, the region will receive 82 sets of visual equipment and teaching aids. The cost of 39 such sets will be covered by the oblast budget, where 11.6 mln roubles were allocated to these purposes. The resources of the federal budget covered the complete cost of 20 sets of equipment for geography classes – in the amount of 1.56 mln roubles, and the cost of 17 interactive boards in the amount of 1.5 mln roubles. Only 30% of the total number of chemistry sets were supplied – 15 sets of the total cost of 2.1 mln roubles. Advance pay ments for the equipment, in accordance with the existing agreement, are made from the oblast budget in the amount of 30% of its total cost.
More than 315 mln roubles was received in the year 2006 within the framework of the national project “Health” by the municipal institutions of the public health care system in Voronezh. The full scale implemen tation, in 2006, of the measures envisaged in the national project will make it possible to supply additional cash resources, equipment and ambulances in the amount equivalent to more than 402 mln roubles.