When the results of the implementation of the project “Education” in the Republic of Dagestan were summed up, alongside positive results (the Republic’s 104 best educational establishments received 1 mln roubles each for the improvement of their educational and material base; 346 best teachers each received a bonus of 100 thousand rou bles; to some talented young persons, a total of 13 and 48 bonuses, thousand and 30 thousand roubles each, respectively, were paid; to thousand teachers, additional remuneration is being paid on a monthly basis for class supervision, 50 motor cars out of the 131 requested from the Ministry of Public Education have already been transferred to the Republic’s rural schools; for the provision of schools with teaching equipment, 338 sets (for physics, chemistry classes, etc.) were allotted in the amount equivalent to approximately 106 mln roubles), there were also some drawbacks and failures. The schools of Agulskii, Taru movskii, Tliaratinskii, Tsuntinskii raions and Bezhtinskii district did not participate either in the contests of comprehensive educational estab lishments where innovative curricula were being implemented, or in the contests of best teachers. In some territories, the measures being im plemented helped to reveal the absence of real financial and economic independence of municipal educational establishments, as well as the underdevelopment of the state and public system of administering edu cational establishments.
In Kuban, more than 1 bln roubles was allocated in the year 2006 to finance the target programs in the sphere of public health care, while in the year 2005 only 640 mln roubles was spent on that sphere. Resulting from the project, according to the Krai’s Governor Alexander Tkachiov, the fleet of ambulances in the year 2006 in Kuban’s towns and raions was renewed by 62%. From July 2006, the health care system there has been receiving payment per one case of completed treatment through one channel financing.
The Head Physician of Kalmykia considers the implementation of the national project to be quite unsatisfactory. In order to prevent an epi demic of influenza, it is necessary to vaccinate 130 thousand people, while only 50 thousand have actually been vaccinated – because the republic, within the framework of the federal program, received only this amount of vaccine.
From the onset of the implementation of the national project in the sphere of agroindustrial complex, 80 out of the 2 thousand farms in Adydeya received credits in the amount of more than 100 mln roubles.
Of these, 80 mln was granted by the Rosselkhozbank, and 20 mln – by farmers’ credit cooperatives. The number of heads of cattle grew, as compared to the year 2005, by 10%, that of pigs – by 75%. However, overall growth was achieved owing to the three leading raions. In order to adequately raise the level of all the regions, 1 bln roubles is needed, but it is impossible to receive such a sum because of the absence of an adequate pledge.
In Stavropol Krai, in the year 2006, 750 thousand sq m of housing was constructed, while the planned target for housing construction for that year had been 738 thousand sq m. While the plan had envisaged the provision of 190 young families with housing, the subsidy certifi cates were already issued to 214 young families; while the volume of mortgage crediting for housing construction, agreed upon during the coordination of the national project, was to amount to 450.1 mln rou bles, such credits were actually granted in the Krai in the amount of more than 1,2 bln roubles. In 2006, housing certificates were issued to 154 military servicemen (the expected number for the year 2007 is more than 200), 12 certificates – to former Chernobyl workers (the ex pected number for the year 2007 – 80), 24 certificates to forced mi grants (in 2007 – more than 40), and 2 certificates were issued this year to workers from the Far North regions. Because of the small size of the state subsidies allocated to the solution of housing problems, these could be made use of by only 12 veterans and disabled persons. A total of 204 families from the privileged categories were able to improve their housing conditions in 2006. According to preliminary estimates, in there will be more than 400 such families.
Examples of the Implementation of National Projects in Privolzhskii Federal Okrug In the Ministry of Public Health Care of Marii El, the results of the first year of the implementation of the priority national project “Health” were summed up. In 2006, 309 mln roubles were transferred to Marii El from the federal budget, and the additional 166 mln roubles was allocated in the Republic’s budget. The salaries of 739 health care workers in the district network were raised, as well as those of 304 health care workers employed at first aid and tocological stations, and those of 490 physi cians and nurses employed in the emergency medical care system;
also, additional bonuses were paid to medical specialists participating in additional medical screenings of the employees in the budget funded sphere and persons exposed to occupational hazards. The material and technical base of the polyclinic network is being improved; 162 units of diagnostic equipment were transferred to Marii El, and the renewal of the emergency medical system was started with the supply of 46 new ambulances. The greatest problem is represented by the absence of any normative documents that could regulate the procedure for spend ing the funds being flown into the Republic within the framework of the national project. Another problem is the currently existing lack of proper balance between the amounts of salaries of primary medical care staff and that of the staff of hospitals.
425.15 mln roubles was allocated from the federal budget to the im plementation of the priority national project “Education” in Nizhnii Novgorod Oblast. The total financing from the region’s consolidated budget in the first ten months of the current year amounted to 202.89 mln roubles. In N. N. Lobachevskii State University of Nizhnii Novgorod (SUNN), within the framework of the implementation of the pro ject “Education”, the Microsoft Innovation Center was opened. The Innova tion Center at the SUNN will be operating in three areas – the accumulation of intellectual capital through the organization of software development courses, training sessions for business management students, as well as the programs for their employment; the development of cooperation in the IT industry, oriented to the creation of partnership programs in the sphere of software licensing and the development of software inno vations. To the University’s personal account, the sum of 108.8 mln roubles was transferred after it had become winner in the contest for the receipt of state support in the amount of 544 mln roubles. In the contest of comprehensive educational establishments where innovation curric ula were being implemented, 128 schools from 53 municipal raions and city okrugs of Nizhnii Novgorod Oblast participated. The winners were 39 rural schools and 21 urban schools. To the payment of bonuses to the winners, 60 mln roubles was allocated from the federal budget, which was already transferred to Nizhnii Novgorod Oblast and passed to the schools’ personal accounts. These monies were spent on purchases of laboratory equipment (10.5 mln roubles), purchases of software prod ucts and methodologies (4.2 mln roubles), the modernization of the material and educational base (42.4 mln roubles), the improvement of the qualification and further training of the educational staff (2.85 mln roubles).
Some raions in Chuvashia have failed to achieve the target indices set within the framework of the priority national project “The develop ment of the AIC”, as statedby the Republic’s Minister of Agriculture Mikhail Ignatiev. The production of meat will be below the targeted level in Alatyrskii, Komsomolskii, Krasnochetaiskii, Shumerlinskii, Tsivilskii and Yalchikskii raions. There are some problems relating to the attrac tion of young specialists to rural areas in Kozlovskii, Krasnochetaiskii, Marposadskii, Urmarskii, Tsivilskii, Yadrinskii and Cheboksarskii raions.
This means that the heads of those raions have failed to properly exe cute their official duties. At the same time, in the year 2006 the limit of financing for measures designed to provide young specialists with housing in rural areas in the Republic of Chuvashia at the expense of the federal budget was 79.63 mln roubles. Out of this amount, as stated by the Republic’s government, 59.43 mln roubles was allocated to housing construction, where 39.43 mln roubles was to be spent on young specialists (and their families) within the framework of the priority national project “The development of the AIC”, and 20 mln roubles – on citizens within the framework of the republican program. This will make it possible to improve the housing conditions of approximately families, 260 of which will be provided for at the expense of the national project.
According to Governot of Perm Krai Oleg Chirkunov, 610 young families in Perm Krai in the year 2006 were able to improve their hous ing conditions due to the national project “Affordable and comfortable housing – to the citizens of Russia”. To these purposes, a total of 50,mln roubles was allocated. In the implementation of that direction of the national project “Affordable housing”, 32 territories of the oblast have been participating this year: four city okrugs and 28 municipal raions.
The program for the provision of housing involves 1800 young families in the oblast. Since the beginning of the year, 324 certificates have been issued to them, of which 252 – presented for payment. From the regional budget, 35.7 mln roubles was allocated to these purposes;
from local budgets – 17.7 mln roubles; the young families’ own savings spent on the improvement of their housing conditions amounted to 129.6 mln roubles.
Examples of the Implementation of National Projects in the Far Eastern Federal Okrug The situation in Primorskii Krai can be regarded as a positive exam ple of the implementation of the national project “The development of the AIC”. The volume of agricultural produce in Primorskii Krai in the year 2006 will be the equivalent of 19.2 bln roubles, which is by 2.9% more than the same index in 2005. The production of corn will be thousand tons, or by 6% higher than last year’s index, the production of soya – 136 thousand tons, or by 4.7% higher than last year’s level. This year, the rate of renovation of agricultural machinery on the terms of leasing has also been high. The purchases of machinery in amounted to 156.2 mln roubles, including 7 multifunctional resource saving cultivating complexes in the equivalent of more than 101 mln roubles. The volume of produce realized by individual households and private farms increased by 7.6%. An important role in this connection has been played by the newly created consumers’ cooperative, the number of which in the territory of Primorskii Krai is already 12.
By the results of the first nine months of the year 2006, a total of 26.5 mln sq m of housing was constructed in Russia (113.7%, as com pared to the same period of the year 2005). The target index for hous ing construction in the plan – schedule for the year 2006 is 50 mln sq m.
The lowest rates of housing construction have been noted in the Far Eastern Federal Okrug (105.6%). The factors responsible for such a situation are numerous. Thus, for example, in Yakutia small size con struction companies cannot successfully compete with big enterprises, which dictate their own rules on the housing market. Hence the high price of one sq m of housing – 30–35 thousand roubles. If small size companies could have participated in the project’s implementation, the price of one sq m would have gone down to 8–9 thousand roubles. The base of the construction industry in the Republic has, in fact, been de stroyed.
This year, approximately 1.2 mln roubles will be spent in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast (JAO) on the additional routine medical screening of the staff of enterprises where workers are exposed to occupational hazards. A total of 43% of such workers in the JAO have already had medical screening. Ten new ambulances were added to the car fleets of the JAO’s medical institutions. The price of one “Gazelle” is 650 thou sand roubles. The ambulance is fitted with the equipment for general anesthesia, a defibrillator, a three channel electrocardiography ma chine, the equipment for artificial lung ventilation, and other medical tools. Three ambulances will remain in Birobijan, while the rest have been sent to the Autonomous Oblast’s raions.
It is planned that more than 800 educational establishments in the Far East will be connected to the Internet before this year’s end within the framework of the priority national project “Education”. In Primorskii Krai, 163 schools will be thus connected, in Khabarovsk Krai – 180, in the Republic of Yakutia (Sakha) – 188, and in Amur Oblast – 88. The process of getting connected to the Internet will involve 76 educational establishments in Kamchatka, 126 in Sakhalin, 14 in Magadan Oblast, and 41 in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast. Besides, 4 schools will be connected to the Internet in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and 4 – in Koriak Autonomous Okrug. In accordance with the requirements to the contractor carrying out this state order, a total of 18,000 secondary schools will have to be connected to the Web before the end of 2006. It is planned that in 2006, within the framework of the implementation of the project “Provision of access to the Internet for the educational es tablishments of the Russian Federation”, 1 bln roubles will be spent from the federal budget, and in 2007 – 2 bln roubles.