Source: Faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning, University of Sydney, http://faculty.arch.usyd.edu.au/kcdc/conferences/SKCF/SKCFIntro.html Strategic use Strategic use of information and communication technologies by civil society organisations (CSOs) is not technology-driven; it requires a deep understanding of the context in which the technology is being deployed. It means ensuring that tools and technologies that can support CSOs in meeting their strategic objectives (or mission) exist and are available and accessible. Availability and accessibility covers a range of factors, such as infrastructure, cost, intellectual property dispensations, and adherence to standards. Strategic use also requires that CSOs be aware of the range of technology options available and have the skills and knowledge to use them effectively and securely, and that they understand their own organisational context and needs.
Source: APC Annual Report 2005, http://www.apc.org/ T Telematics Refers to the integrated use of telecommunications and informatics (see also ICT - Information and Communications Technology). More specifically it is the science of sending, receiving and storing information via telecommunication devices.
Source: Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telematic Telematics Infrastructure Refers to the assembly of telecommunications and information-processing systems and services that offers a base for telematics applications.
Source: EUROPA - Europe's Information Society Thematic Portal, http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/index_en.htm Telework Telework may be broadly defined as work undertaken by an individual for an employer or client that is mostly performed at a location other than the traditional workplace, using information and communication technology. It can encompass a variety of working arrangements, including home-working; telecottages/telecentres; and working from satellite offices in different locations. Teleworkers may be company employees or self-employed.
Source: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/balance/telework/index.htm Template A design pattern that defines a structure to define series of phases, redefined in subclasses.
U UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Established in 1964, UNCTAD promotes the development-friendly integration of developing countries into the world economy. UNCTAD has progressively evolved into an authoritative knowledge-based institution whose work aims to help shape current policy debates and thinking on development, with a particular focus on ensuring that domestic policies and international action are mutually supportive in bringing about sustainable development.
Source: UNCTAD, http://www.unctad.org/Templates/StartPage.aspintItemID=UNDP - United Nations Development Program UNDP is the UN's global development network, an organization advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.
Official website: UNDP, http://www.undp.org UNESCO - United Nations Education Science Culture Organisation This specialized United Nations agency, founded in 1945, currently functions as a laboratory of ideas and a standard-setter to forge universal agreements on emerging ethical issues.
Official website: UNDP, http://www.unesco.org/ UNECA, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa The Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) was established by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations (UN) in 1958 as one of the UN's five regional commissions. ECA's mandate is to promote the economic and social development of its member states, foster intra-regional integration, and promotes international cooperation for Africa's development. ECA's dual role as a regional arm of the UN, and as a part of the regional institutional landscape in Africa, positions it well to make unique contributions to member states' efforts to address their development challenges. Its strength derives from its role as the only UN agency mandated to operate at the regional and subregional levels to harness resources and bring them to bear on Africa's priorities.
Source: UNECA, http://www.uneca.org/aisi/ Universal Service Refers to a set of basic services that have to be made available at an affordable price to all users by public or private operators irrespective of the user's geographical location.
Usability The term used to denote the ease with which people can employ a particular tool or other human-made object in order to achieve a particular goal. Usability can also refer to the methods of measuring usability and the study of the principles behind an object's perceived efficiency or elegance. In human-computer interaction and computer science, usability usually refers to the elegance and clarity with which the interaction with a computer programme or a website is designed.
Source: Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Usability W WSIS - World Summit on the Information Society WSIS was a global series of events held in two phases. The first phase took place in Geneva in December 2003 and the second phase will take place in Tunis in November 2005. The objective of the first phase was to develop and foster a clear statement of political will and take concrete steps to establish the foundations for an Information Society for all, reflecting all the different interests at stake. The second phase involves a process of monitoring and evaluation of the progress of feasible actions outlined in Geneva and a concrete set of deliverables to be achieved by the time the Summit met again in Tunis in November 2005.
Source: World Summit on the Information Society, http://www.itu.int/wsis/basic/about.html Other Glossaries and related resources Europa Glossary at http://europa.eu/scadplus/glossary/governance_en.htm Multilingual glossary on EU institutions, policies and enlargement (languages) CORDIS (Community Research and Development Information Services), through the “A-Z Index” at http://www.cordis.lu/guidance/a-zindex.htm and the “Thematic Index” at http://www.cordis.lu/guidance/thematic_index.htm The Association for Progressive Communications (APC) Glossary at http://www.apc.org/en/glossary REFERENCES Declarations & Commitments “Accra Commitments for WSIS Tunis 2005,” signed at the Africa Regional Conference, preparatory to the second phase of the World Summit on the Information Society, held at the Accra, Republic of Ghana from February 2-4, 2005. Available at http://www.uneca.org/aisi/docs/AccracommittmentsEN.pdf (29/03/09) “Declaration of Principles, Building the Information Society: a global challenge in the new Millennium,” endorsed at World Summit on the Information Society (WISIS), held December 12, 2003 in Geneva. Available at:
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