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IV`02 V`02 VI`02 VII`02 VIII`02 IX`02 X`02 XI`02 XII`02 I`03 II`03 III`03 IVFundamental research 0,3% 0,3% 0,3% 0,2% 0,3% 0,3% 0,3% 0,3% 0,3% 0,3% 0,3% 0,3% 0,3% Services provided for the 0,9% 1,0% 1,0% 1,1% 1,1% 1,0% 1,5% 0,6% 0,8% 0,9% 0,9% 1,0% 1,0% national economy Social services 5,9% 5,7% 5,5% 5,6% 5,4% 5,2% 5,7% 2,6% 2,8% 2,7% 2,9% 2,7% 2,6% Servicing of public debt 2,7% 2,5% 2,4% 2,6% 2,4% 2,4% 2,0% 1,7% 3,0% 3,0% 2,3% 2,1% 2,0% Other expenditure 4,0% 4,6% 4,2% 4,0% 4,0% 4,0% 3,8% 7,0% 7,8% 7,3% 7,3% 7,4% 7,3% Total expenditure 19,1% 19,4% 18,9% 19,1% 18,6% 18,2% 18,7% 16,9% 21,1% 20,8% 20,2% 19,9% 19,2% (+) / (2,1% 1,4% 1,6% 1,4% 1,8% 1,7% 1,4% 4,5% 0,1% 0,1% 0,8% 1,3% 1,3% ) According to the estimates of the Ministry of Taxes and Levies, in April of 2003 tax revenues of the federal budget made Rb. 106.2 billion (without the unified social tax). In real terms the revenues made 240.% of the level registered in January of 1999, while the respective indicator was at 218.0 % in 2002 and 233.% in 2001 (see Table 3).

Table Actual tax revenues to the federal budget, according to the data of the MTC (in % of the data for January of 1999)3[3].

I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII 100,0% 115,1% 122,0% 122,1% 104,5% 112,9% 127,0% 127,5% 124,3% 141,4% 160,8% 213,1% I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII 149,3% 160,5% 181,3% 205,8% 233,1% 186,9% 181,0% 186,4% 173,1% 181,1% 201,7% 254,1% I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII 204,4% 198,4% 227,6% 267,5% 252,2% 233,3% 231,9% 235,6% 219,4% 237,5% 247,3% 360,6% 2002* I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII 218,7% 187,1% 234,8% 277,8% 239,6% 218,0% 284,4% 246,5% 254,8% 299,7% 241,0% 250,2% 2003* I II III IV V VI 230,0% 229,2% 265,5% 280.4% 233.2% 240.0% Without regard to UST.

The dynamics of real arrears relating to major debts since June of 1999 is presented in Fig. 1. The debts related to the payments due to the federal budget made for VAT Rb. 233.4 billion as on June 1, 2003, showing almost a Rub. 5.1 billion contraction as compared with the figures registered in the preceding month, while the arrears of the corporate profit tax reduced by 240 mln. made Rb.

28.7 billion. On the whole, the dynamics observed over the past 2 years demonstrate a gradual decrease in the level of accumulated arrears as concerns not only the corporate profit tax, but VAT as well.

3[3] It was decided to choose January of 1999 as the benchmark in order to render the comparison more reliable. January of 1999 is not a remarkable date in terms of tax revenues.

140% 130% 120% 110% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% Fig. 1.

Real tax arrears to the federal budget (in % to July 1999) Table Execution of the RF consolidated budget (in % of GDP).

I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Taxes 16,2% 17,4% 18,1% 19,3% 19,7% 19,8% 19,8% 19,4% 18,8% 18,5% 18,6% 19,6% Revenues 18,8% 20,1% 21,2% 22,4% 23,0% 23,2% 23,2% 22,9% 22,3% 22,0% 22,0% 24,5% Expenditures 25,3% 23,8% 27,0% 28,1% 28,6% 29,5% 29,4% 28,6% 27,4% 26,9% 27,1% 29,5% Deficit -6,5% -3,7% -5,8% -5,7% -5,7% -6,3% -6,2% -5,7% -5,2% -5,0% -5,0% -5,1% I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Taxes 16,8% 16,6% 18,1% 19,9% 20,1% 20,5% 20,8% 20,8% 20,3% 20,2% 20,9% 22,1% Revenues 19,2% 18,9% 20,6% 22,7% 23,2% 23,9% 24,3% 24,5% 24,1% 24,0% 24,8% 26,3% Expenditures 18,6% 20,3% 23,6% 25,6% 26,6% 27,3% 27,4% 27,4% 26,7% 26,3% 26,7% 29,2% Deficit 0,6% -1,5% -3,1% -3,0% -3,4% -3,4% -3,1% -2,9% -2,7% -2,3% -1,9% -2,9% I II III IV V VI VII VIII I X XI XII Taxes 20,8% 21,4% 22,6% 24,2% 25,5% 25,4% 24,9% 24,8% 24,1% 23,7% 24,0% 24,6% Revenues 24,4% 24,8% 26,4% 28,2% 29,7% 29,7% 29,3% 29,2% 28,4% 28,0% 28,6% 30,0% Expenditures 19,6% 21,1% 23,8% 24,8% 25,2% 25,5% 22,3% 25,1% 24,5% 24,2% 24,6% 27,0% Deficit 4,7% 3,7% 2,6% 3,4% 4,5% 4,3% 7,0% 4,1% 3,9% 3,8% 4,0% 3,0% I II III IV V VI VII VIII I XI XII Taxes 22,7% 23,6% 23,9% 25,4% 26,4% 26,0% 26,1% 25,9% 25,0% 24,8% 25,4% 27,1% Revenues 25,9% 27,1% 27,4% 29,3% 30,5% 29,8% 29,9% 29,7% 28,3% 28,2% 28,8% 29,5% Expenditures 16,8% 22,8% 23,7% 24,7% 25,1% 25,3% 25,5% 25,6% 24,9% 24,7% 25,0% 25,6% Deficit 9,1% 4,2% 3,7% 4,7% 5,4% 4,4% 4,4% 4,1% 3,5% 3,5% 3,8% 3,9% I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Taxes 28,7% 23,6% 24,3% 26,5% 26,6% 25,9% 26,4% 25,9% 25,2% 25,4% 25,4% 25,5% Revenues 32,9% 31,3% 31,4% 33,6% 33,6% 32,7% 33,3% 32,5% 31,7% 32,0% 32,1% 32,1% Expenditures 18,3% 23,7% 26,0% 28,4% 28,4% 28,8% 29,1% 28,9% 28,4% 29,3% 29,7% 31,1% Deficit 14,6% 7,7% 5,4% 5,3% 5,2% 3,8% 4,2% 3,7% 3,3% 2,7% 2,4% 1,0% I II III IV Taxes 25,6% 24,4% 25,6% 27,4% Revenues 32,0% 30,3% 31,5% 33,4% Expenditures 20,7% 25,3% 27,7% 28,8% Deficit 11,3% 5,0% 3,8% 4,5% * Without account of the Unified Social Tax The revenues of the consolidated budget between January through May 2003 made 33.6 % of GDP, including tax revenues (without UST) at 27.1 % of GDP (see Table 4). Expenditures of the consolidated budget increased by 0.4 p. p. in comparison with the figures registered between January-April 2002 and made 28.8 % of GDP. The surplus of the consolidated budget in March of 2003 made 4.7 % of GDP, which is below the level observed over the respective period last year (5.2 % of GDP).

S. Ponomarenko Monetary and credit policy The slowdown of inflation rate discontinued between June to July. Because of considerable amount of payments due on foreign debt Russias foreign reserves underwent the fourth decrease over the past two months. Against such a background the Bank of Russia lowered the compulsory forex revenue sales rate to 25%.

In June, inflation rate in Russia acounted for 0.8% (while in June 2002 it was o.5%, see Fig.1). According to Goskomstat of RF, similar to May 2003, the greatest price increment was noted for paid services delivered to the population (+1.) and food stuffs (+0.8%). It is worthwhile to note that a seasonal price drop for fruits and vegetables is fairly insignificant this year, which is likely to contribute to a higher CPI value vs. June last year. Nonetheless, considering the interim results of the period between January through June 2003, inflation rates dropped to 7.9% vs. their respective values in the same period of the prior year. In June 2003, 8 RF Subjects saw the price rise for goods and services being over 2%, with Astrakhan oblast breaking a record 3.9%, while tariffs for paid services grew by 12.9% there. In Moscow, consumer prices rose by 1.3%, against 0.6% in St. Petersburg, while the respective indices computed starting from January 2003 account for 8.7 and 9.3%, respectively.

Our forecasts show a 0.8...1.0% increment in consumer prices in July, so over the first seven months 2003 inflation rate in RF may hit 9.0% (for reference: according to the RF governments forecasts the rise in CPI should be within 12%).

In June 2003 Russias foreign reserves fell by USD 0.3 bln. vs. the prior month (at -0.5%) (see: Fig.2), and as of July 1, 2003, they made up USD 64.4 bln. The contraction in foreign reserves continued in July, and by 18 July they accounted for USD 63.8 bln. We believe such fluctuations in foreign reserves should be attributed primarily to considerable amounts of payments on foreign debt.

The Growth Rate of the CPI in 2002-2003 (% per month) 3,0% 2,5% 2,0% 1,5% 1,0% 0,5% 0,0% Fig. Consumer price index increment rates in 2002-03 (as % per month) Jul Jun Jan Jun Sep Feb Oct Apr Aug Dec Apr Mar Mar Nov May May The Changes in the Monetary Base and in the Gold and Foreign Currency Reserves in 2002-2003.

1070 830 Monetary Base (billion rubles) Gold and Foreign Currency Reserves (billion dollars) Fig. The dynamics of monetary base (in narrow terms) and foreign reserves in the second half 2002 through 2003) According to results of July 2003, the volume of monetary base in narrow terms grew from 1,049.5 up to 1,123.6 bln. RUR (+7.1%) (see Fig.2). Despite the noted contraction in foreign reserves, for the first two weeks of July the volume of monetary base added up another 4.5%. So, the monetary base in narrow terms grew by 15.9% over the first half 2003 (vs. 11.3% noted over the respective period of the prior year).

As concerns the monetary base in broad terms, in June it grew at 1.88% - from RUR 1506 bln. up to 1,534 as of July 1: more specifically, the volume of cash in circulation, with the account of credit institutions cash balances, soared from 904.3 bln. up to 971.9 bln., or by 7.48%. The amount of cash accumulated on credit institutions correspondent accounts in the Bank of Russia made up Rb. 165.4 bln.

vs. 180.2 bln. as of early June this year.

Monetary base in narrow terms (as RUR bln.) Foreign reserves (as USD bln.) In July, the volume of Russias payments on foreign debt accounted for USD 969, 485 mln., including 580.742 mln. on debt repayment and 388.743 on debt servicing. More specifically, the volume of debt repayment to the countries- official creditors, banks and firms accounted for USD 210.49 mln., including 153.411 mln. on debt repayments and 57.079 mln. on interest payments, while international financial institutions received USD 438.463 mln. due, including 427.331 mln. as debt repayment and 11.132- interest payments. Russia also paid USD 320.532 mln. as coupon payments on its eurobonds.

The volume of placements in the frame of the stock modified REPO in June accounted for USD 23.bln., or three times less than in the prior month. More specifically, at SMR auctions the Central Bank placed OFZ-PD 26198 and OFZ-AD 46006 issues, while three auctions of six announced by the Bank of Russia did not take place. The reason for that was either the lack of applications, or too low investors bids.

In June the federal law On amendments to Art. 6 of the Law of the Russian Federation On foreign exchange regulation and foreign exchange control was enacted. The law sets the volume of sales of compulsory export revenues at the level of 30% and delegates the mandate to set this particular standard to billion rubles billion dollars 2-8.12.2-8.06.7-13.10.4-10.11.7-13.04.5-11.05.21-27.10.18-24.11.16-22.12.13-19.01.10-16.02.10-16.03.24-30.03.21-27.04.19-25.05.16-22.06.27.01-2.02.24.02-2.03.30.06-5.07.30.12.02-5.01.the Bank of Russia. In light of this, the Bank of Russia decided to set the rate of compulsory sale of foreign exchange revenues from export of goods (services and intellectual activity output) at the level of 25% of the total amount of forex revenues effective as of July 10. But we believe this measure did not affect the market, as an actual share of forex revenues exporters have sold over past months accounted for not less than 50-60%.

P. Trunin Financial markets The market for government securities July 2003 saw the continuation of fall in quotations on the market for government forex-denominated bonds: the prices of Eurobonds reached the level noted in April last year. For instance on 23 June the yield to maturity of RUS-30 hot 7.7% annualized, while RUS-28- soared up to 7.71%. Such a fall was caused by several factors: first, a decline in the volume of the Pension Funds investment, which now is bound to place on the market for government papers the saving part of the populations pension funds. Second, the situation with YUKOS compelled Western investors to recall political risks associated with investment in Russian securities. In addition, in summer 2003 all the quotations on the emerging financial markets have become more volatile. As of 23 July, maturity yields by Russian bonds accounted: the 7th tranche OVVZ (6.25%), the 6th trance OVVZ (4.52%), the 5th tranche OVVZ (5.90%), and RUS-07 (4.56%).

- 2003 Tranche 5 Tranche 6 Tranche 8.0% 7.0% 6.0% 5.0% 4.0% 3.0% 2.0% Fig.Yields to maturity of OVVZ in April-June Between 30 June to 18 July the market for GKO-OFZ also saw the fall in quotations of RUR-denominated government bonds. The overall volume of trading on the market for the first three weeks of July accounted for Rb. 22.1 bln., which was considerably lower vs. the prior month. The fall in the market for government bonds can also be caused by the rising USD and, consequently, an increasing attractiveness of operations in the forex market.

In July two auctions were held on placement of GKO-OFZ. More specifically, on July 9 OFZ-FD issue 27024 with the maturity date on 19 April 2006 was placed worth a total of RUR 5. bln. (face value). The face-value demand was 4.3 bln., while the volume of placement- 4.03 bln. The cut-off price was set at the level of 100.431% (yields rate 7.7% annualized). On 23 July, an action on an additional placement of OFZFD issue 27024 worth a total of RUR. 6 bln was held, with the face-value demand accounting for RUR. 6. 01.04.09.04.17.04.30.04.14.05.22.05.02.06.10.06.20.06.30.06.09.07.17.07.bln., while the volume of placement by face-value- 1.3 bln. The cut-off price was set at the level of 0.98.of the face value, equal to a 8.36% yields rate in annualized terms.

2003, 2007 2028 . - 2003 10.5% 9.5% 8.5% 7.5% 6.5% 5.5% 4.5% 3.5% 2.5% 1.5% USD-2030 USD-2007 USD-Fig.Yields to maturity of Russian Eurobonds with maturity due in 2003, 2007 and 2008 in April-June As of July 2004, the face-value volume of GKO-OFZ market accounted for RUR 303.2 bln. and 322.bln. in market prices, with the duration of the market GKO-OFZ portfolio being 832.38 days.

In July, the RUR liquidity in the banking sector dropped slightly vs. the prior month: as of 25 July, credit institutions balances on correspondent accounts with the Bank of Russia were RUR 126.4 bln. The MIACR rte made up 1.91% annualized as of 24 July.

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