Dynamics of Monetary Base and Foreign Reserves of the RCB in 830 44,43,43,800 M onetary Base (bln. rub.) 42,790 Foreign Reserves (bln. doll.) 42,41,41,40,40,39,39,38,38,37,37,36,660 36,The Bank of Russia published data on dynamics of the monetary aggregate M2 and reserve money, which testify to a sharp decline in money multiplier during spring and early summer 2002 (see Fig. 3) after the post-crisis peak – 1.75 – was registered in March. By the end of the first half of 2002 the multiplier slid to 1.67, i.e. to the level of the second half of 2001, when the indicator was stable during eight months running. We should remind that we explained the fact by achievement of an upper margin () under the current state of financial markets and banking system. The credit expansion, which was observed in the first quarter of 2002, vanished out, as the statistical data has revealed stagnation in the real sector. Evidently, next attempt to expand lending may be made by banks only if they had more positive information on production dynamics (the very recent data have showed that practically all the industries grew in June, but one needs time to prove the tendency).
Money multiplier (M2/Reserve money) in 1999 through 1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,S. Drobyshevsky.
Financial Markets The market for government securities.
In July 2002 the market for the Russian foreign debt was dominated by the tendency to yields growth across nearly all kinds of securities (see Figs. 1 and 2), but the shortest bonds matured in 2003: the yield on the 4th tranche of the Minfin bonds fluctuated within the range of 6–6.5% annualised, and the yield on eurobonds – some below 5% annualised. The main factors influencing dynamics of quotations of the Russian liabilities were a general uncertainty and high volatility of the developed financial markets and permanent high investment risks in the emerging markets, because of situations in Brazil and Uruguay.
The market for the Russian domestic debt demonstrated a new fall in yields to the historically minimum level – 13.5–14.5% annualised ( such a decline in interest rates in the domestic market was registered previously in the first quarter of 2002). However, now we should note an important phenomenon having an adverse impact on the situation that is, last month, the Russian Pension Fund became the biggest market player and provided for high demand for GKOs and OFZs, while private investors virtually lost their interest in the market.
The market for corporate securities.
A it happened in June, last month has also failed to pacify investors’ mood.. Rumors about possible new acts of terrorism in the USA during the Independence Day (July 4) forced the investors to withdraw their capital from the US stock market. Fortunately, the pessimistic expectations have not become a reality. However, after the external shocks the US market was battered by domestic ones, the scandals involving the biggest corporations have resulted in the collapse of the stock market.
Though demonstrating an enviable stability over recent period of time, torpedoed by the bad news from the world market, in late July the quotations of the Russian stocks also fell sharply, Jan Jan Jan Jan Sep Sep Sep Mar July Mar July Mar July Mar Nov Nov Nov May May May May FIGURE 1.
Minfin bonds' yields to maturity in April through July 11,5% 11,0% Tranche 4 Tranche 5 Tranche 6 Tranche 10,5% 10,0% 9,5% 9,0% 8,5% 8,0% 7,5% 7,0% 6,5% 6,0% 5,5% FIGURE 2.
Yields to maturity of the Russian eurobonds with maturity in 2003, 2007 and 2028 in April through July 11,0% 10,5% 10,0% 9,5% 9,0% 8,5% 8,0% 7,5% 7,0% 6,5% 6,0% 5,5% 5,0% 4,5% 4,0% USD-2003 USD-2007 USD-The situation in the stock market. In July the RTS Index fell by 33.12 points (-9.36%) at the trade volume about $305 million. The average daily turnover equaled $16.1 million. A small drop in the Index in the very beginning of July was provoked by fears related to the US Independence Day. Then, influenced by favourable external and domestic factors the Russian stock index grew by July 10 up to 391.16 points (+8.12% against the 1st of July). After the slump in the world markets in mid-July the quotations in the Russian market also went down, and on July 23 the RTS Index closed at 350.points (-10.3% against the highest level in the month). The sharp drop on July 24 –-7.4% – could be 02.04.05.04.10.04.15.04.18.04.23.04.26.04.07.05.14.05.17.05.22.05.27.05.30.05.06.06.11.06.17.06.20.06.25.06.28.06.03.07.08.07.10.07.15.07.18.07.23.07.26.07.02.04.05.04.10.04.15.04.18.04.23.04.26.04.07.05.14.05.17.05.22.05.27.05.30.05.06.06.11.06.17.06.20.06.25.06.28.06.03.07.08.07.12.07.17.07.22.07.25.07.explained by an unfavourable situation in developed markets, as investors started withdrawing their capital from emerging markets, in fear of a new international crisis.
50 The total volume of trading ($) The RTS Index In July the leaders among blue chips were “Rostelecom” (5.46%) and “Sibneft” (1.56%), while. It was the prices of MMC “Norilsky Nickel”which declined the least (-3.65%). They were followed by stocks of RAO “UES Russia” (-4.38%), “YUKOS” (-4.94%) and “Tatneft” (-5.24%). The list was closed with “LUKoil” (-11.07%) and “Gazprom” (-18.6%).
In July, the share of common stocks of RAO “UES Russia” in the total RTS turnover rose to 28.12% (in June – 26.1%), the share of “LUKoil” grew up to 22.58% (16.48%), while the share of stocks “Surgutneftegas” dropped to 13.37% (14.41%), the share of “YUKOS” – to 11.76% (16.49%) and “Tatneft” - 5.5% (6.24%). Overall in July the total share of the five most liquid stocks in RTS rose further up to 81.32% (in June – 79.73%).
Dynamics of the Russian Blue Chips between June 28 to July 25, 10% 5% 0% -5% -10% -15% -20% Change in price (%) Between the 1st of July to July 25, 2002, the volume of trades with “Gazprom” shares through RTS terminals exceeded $82.8 million (over 90 million shares). Overall, about 10 thousand deals with the shares were stricken.
points mln US dollars 02.07.30.07.27.08.24.09.184.108.40.206.19.12.21.01.18.02.20.05.20.03.17.04.18.06.16.07.l t t s a i f f el ia m i as o go o e e s o om s ik ss n n r K er t u b teg Uk N r Ru en ef Si Ta elek azp LU s S R st tn G of o Mo gu K No R r nk a u b S r GM AO UE e R b S As of July 25 the list of top five biggest Russian corporations in terms of capitalisation consist of (according to the RTS data): “YUKOS” – $18.9 billion, “Gazprom” – $18.8 billion, “LUKoil” – $11.92 billion, “Surgutneftegaz” – $11.89 billion and “Sibneft” – $8.1 billion.
The market for term contracts. The Russian market for term contracts has become more attractive to investors. According to the RTS data, on July 3 the participants stroke the maximum number of deals in the FORTS – 3284. The new record value exceeded the previous one by 17.7% (on May 28 – 2789 deals). The trade volume and open interest also boosted up and amounted to 130.7 thousand contracts (467.9 million roubles) and 196 thousand contracts (723.3 million roubles), correspondingly.
In total, for three weeks of July the turnover amounted to 5.52 billion roubles (39.73 thousand deals, 1.45 million contracts).
The market for corporate bonds. The market for corporate bonds did not demonstrate any clear trend in July. Between the 1st of July to July 23 the trade volume equaled 1.56 billion roubles. The number of deals was restrained by high prices, which were unattractive for buyers, as well as by high inter-bank credits rates in mid-July. In terms of trade volume the leaders were as follows: TNK (5th issue) – 18.4%, TNK (4th issue) – 14.9%, “Alrosa” (6th issue) – 8.2%, MMK (15th issue) – 6.3% and “Slafneft” (2nd issue) – 5.8%. The topfive bonds in terms of liquidity accounted for 53.5% of the total turnover. Among initial offerings we should note bonds of “Rabo-bank” (1.22 billion roubles) and the 2nd issue of “Centretelecom” (600 million roubles).
External factors having impact on the Russian stock market. We should note that the fall in quotations of the Russian stocks has been mainly of speculative nature and related to the situation in developed stock markets. At the same time, our analysis of fundamentals infers a potential for growth.
The oil prices in the world market have stabilised at the level of 25-26 $/bbl. The level appeared quite satisfactory both for OPEC and independent oil producers. The publication of the statistical report of the American Petroleum Institute in early July on the sharp reduction in industrial reserves of oil in the USA by 6.1 million barrels (approximately 20 times more than the market expected) was the main incentive for price growth. However, the head of the International Energy Agency R. Preadle commented to the Bloomberg that the demand for oil could slid because of the most striking fall in the US stock market since the 1970s. As early as on July 22 due to protracted crisis in the US stock market the oil price fell by one dollar per barrel, though still being above the level of 25 $/bbl.
The OPEC President R. Lukman threatened a price war, should Russia not be following the set quotas. It is worth noting that since the beginning of 2001 OPEC reduced its oil extraction by 20% to support the oil prices. At the same time, Russia increased its oil extraction by 15% to 7.5 million barrels per day and left Saudi Arabia behind in terms of oil output.
A number of scandals related to falsification of financial statements by the biggest US corporations resulted in the fall in major world stock indices. Dow Jones and Nasdaq dropped below the levels of 8000 and 1300, correspondingly. Some European indices fell to the levels of 1997. To stabilise the market, in late July both chambers of the US Congress approved a new law aimed at fighting corporate frauds. This news as well as positive financial results of some big corporations (e.g., 3Ì, McDonald's, DuPont) were quite positively perceived by investors. On July 24 the US stock markets closed with a sharp rise of the stock indices: Dow Jones went up by 6.4%, Nasdaq –by 5%, and S&P 500 – by 5.7%.
Speaking before the US Senate on July 16, the Fed Chairman A. Greenspan, reckoned that the US economy was on a way to a profound “recovery”, but the consequences of the recent recession as well the fall in confidence in the US corporate sector still had a strong impact on quotations of securities.
He also noted the FRS raised its forecast of the US GDP growth for 2002 up to 3.5-3.75%, while previously it predicted only 2.5-3%.
At a conference devoted to investments to Russia the business director of the international rating agency S&P C. Reuss announced a very likely upgrade of the Russia’s sovereign rating up to its precrisis level “BB”. Currently, the RF rating (according to S&P) is “B+”, signifying “a limited paying ability” and referred to “speculative” category. As a result, the RTS index grew by almost 2% against rather a substantial fall in major stock markets in the USA (Nasdaq and S&P dropped by 2.54% and 3.40%, correspondingly).
Dynamics of Brent Oil in the USA (NYMEX) 02.07.01 02.08.01 04.09.01 05.10.01 08.11.01 11.12.01 21.01.02 27.02.02 03.04.02 17.05.02 20.06.02 23.07.FIGURE 6.
220% Dow Jones Industrial Average Nasdaq Composite 200% The RTS Index 180% 160% 140% 120% 100% 80% 60% 40% Corporate news.
Mosenergo. For the first five months of the year “Mosenergo” supplied its customers with 24 billion kW-h, i.e. at 4.7% more than over the respective period of 2001. Between January to May 2002 the level of released heat energy was 33.3 million Gcal, i.e. at 6% less than for respective period in 2001.
The reduction in heat energy was related mainly to warmer weather conditions this year.
LUKoil. According to Minister for Economic Development and Trade G. Gref, the bid price for about 6% of the Government’s stock in LUKoil should to be at least $660 million. Later on, the oil company Director V. Alekperov voiced the Government’s stock of shares (5.9%) would be sold on dollars per barrel 07.
July 31 in London as GDR. The deal was held after the roadshow on July 26 and 27 and the price will be $780 million.
The net consolidated profit of Lukoil in the first quarter of 2002 (according to GAAP standards) made $243 million, thus down from $680 million gained in the first quarter of 2001. The gross receipts amounted to $2.85 billion (3.34 billion in 2001).
The reduction in the company’s receipts resulted from the decline in domestic and world oil prices.
However, the price fall was partly compensated by a substantial increase in sales both in Russia and abroad.
YUKOS. YUKOS works over a possibility of an alternative oil supply to the USA as the company needs new markets and long-term contracts. The first tanker carried about 200 thousand tons to Galvestone (Texas). This oil supply to the USA was a test for the company aimed at clarification of supply conditions of the Russian oil to the North-American market. It is envisaged that that the results would be available by end of July.
Sibneft. "Sibneft" signed the agreement on a syndicated credit at $450 million for 5 years. The authorised managers of credit were Citibank/Schroeder Salomon Smith Barney, BNP Paribas, with participation of Westdeutsche Landesbank. Raiffeisen Zentralbank and Natexis Banques Populaires.
The credit is disbursed for financing export.
In June 2002 the company increased oil extraction by 26.7% against June 2001 – up to 2.thousand tons, oil export – by 55.4%, up to 785.6 thousand tons, export of oil products – by 90.4%, up to 391.6 thousand tons.
Aeroflot. “Aeroflot” published its financial results for the first quarter of 2002. The net loss of the company was equal 600 million roubles, while in the first quarter of 2001 the loss was 1.3 billion roubles. The receipts grew from 7.2 billion roubels to 8.3 billion roubles. The operating loss amounted to 60 million roubles (1.1 billion roubles in 2001).