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seven-bit encoding of the Roman alphabet ccTLD Country code top-level domain, such as.gr (Greece),.br (Brazil) or.in (India) CoE Council of Europe CSIRTs Computer Security Incident Response Teams DNS Domain name system: translates domain names into IP addresses DRM Digital Rights Management DOI Digital Object Identifier ETNO European Telecommunications Networks Operators Association F/OSS Free and Open Source Software GAC Governmental Advisory Committee (to ICANN) gTLD Generic top-level domain, such as.com,.int,.net,.org,.info IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority ICANN Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ICC International Chamber of Commerce ICC Business Action to Support the Information Society.

ICC/BASIS ICT Information and communication technology ICT4D Information and communication technology for development IDN Internationalized domain names: Web addresses using a non-ASCII character set IETF Internet Engineering Task Force IGF Internet Governance Forum IGOs Intergovernmental organizations IP Internet Protocol IP Address Internet Protocol address: a unique identifier corresponding to each computer or device on an IP network. Currently there are two types of IP addresses in active use. IP version (IPv4) and IP version 6 (IPv6). IPv4 (which uses 32 bit numbers) has been used since 1983 and is still the most commonly used version. Deployment of the IPv6 protocol began in 1999. IPv6 addresses are 128-bit numbers.

IPRs Intellectual property rights IPv4 Version 4 of the Internet Protocol IPv6 Version 6 of the Internet Protocol IRA International Reference Alphabet ISOC Internet Society ISP Internet Service Provider ITAA Information Technology Association of America ITU International Telecommunication Union IXPs Internet exchange points LACNIC Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry (Member of NRO) MAG Multistakeholder Advisory Group MDGs Millennium Development Goals MoU Memorandum of Understanding NAPs Network access points NGN Next generation network NRO Number Resource Organization, grouping all RIRs see below OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Registrar A body approved (accredited) by a registry to sell/register domain names on its behalf Registry A registry is a company or organization that maintains a centralized registry database for the TLDs or for IP address blocks (e.g. the RIRs see below). Some registries operate without registrars at all and some operate with registrars but also allow direct registrations via the registry.

RIRs Regional Internet registries. These not-for-profit organizations are responsible for distributing IP addresses on a regional level to Internet service providers and local registries.

Root servers Servers that contain pointers to the authoritative name servers for all TLDs. In addition to the original 13 root servers carrying the IANA managed root zone file, there are now large number of Anycast servers that provide identical information and which have been deployed worldwide by some of the original 12 operators.

Root zone file Master file containing pointers to name servers for all TLDs SMEs Small and medium-sized enterprises TLD Top-level domain (see also ccTLD and gTLD) UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization WGIG Working Group on Internet Governance WHOIS is a transaction oriented query/response protocol that WHOIS is widely used to provide information services to Internet users. While originally used by most (but not all) TLD Registry operators to provide white pages services and information about registered domain names, current deployments cover a much broader range of information services, including RIR WHOIS look-ups for IP address allocation information.

WSIS World Summit on the Information Society World Information Technology and Services Alliance WITSA WTO World Trade Organization - - - - -

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