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- special medical institutions, their equipment with modern medical and technological equipment.

The indices of Anti-HIV/AIDS subprogram estimation are shown in table 4. At the same time there is practically no obvious connection between the proposed target indices and program financing. According to the directions of subprogram expenditures it is not clear how to achieve the indices mentioned.

The volume of subprogram funding at the expense of Federal Budget in 2007-2011 will be equal to RUR 4 853.4 mln, including RUR 370.2 mln in 2007. The volume of subprogram financing by the direction of capital investments at the expense of the Federal Budget in 2007-2011 will be more than RUR 4180.mln, including RUR 809.1 mln in 2007-2009.

In 2007 the total volume of planned sights construction and reconstructions is RUR 480.4 mln, including RUR 249.4 mln for federal objects; RUR 210 mln for the sights of the Russian Federation subjects.

The volume of the subprogram financing at the expense of the Federal Budget in 2007-2011 by the direction of other needs, which include the measures for HIV/AIDS prevention, diagnostics and treatment improvement, development of information monitoring and estimation system will be equal to RUR 530.mln, including RUR 95.2 mln in 2007.

As risks of budget policy in the field of HIV/AIDS counteraction it should be noted that in the light of the steps to reduce the international assistance to fight AIDS announced at G8 summit, the share of international resources might be decreased, which will primarily affect the preventive and explanatory measures, which are fulfilled mainly at the expense of international organizations.

Table Financing of Preventive Measures and Fight against HIV/AIDS in the Russian Federation in 2006 (according to 2006 (in the Federal the approved FedSource of Financing % Budget)TF FPT P eral Target Pro)Subprogram AntiHIV/AIDS Total, RUR mln.: 147,25 194,5 132,Including:

Illness prevention, diagnosis, treatment, which is caused by human immu122,8 70,5 57,nodeficiency virus, staff training, RUR mln Research and Development work, RUR mln. 13,75 16,1 150,Construction, RUR mln 10,7 107,9 PT TP Approved by the Government Decree from 10 May 2007 No 280.

PT Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No 790 from 13 November 2001 (with the amendments made by TP the order of the Government of the Russian Federation from 21.10.2004 No 1355-) On Federal Target Program Prevention and fight with the illnesses of social nature (2002 - 2006)..

PT TP Federal Law from 26.12.2005 No 189- (ed. from 26.07.2006) "On Federal Budget for 2006" (adopted by the State Duma Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on 07.12.2005).

Table 2.

Distribution of Expenditures to Finance the Measures to Prevent and Fight against HIV/AIDS in the Russian Federation in 2006 by the sources of funding Total Prevention Treatment R&D Construction Source of funding real % real % real real % real % Federal Target Program Prevention and fight against the diseases of 194,5 100 56,8 29,2 13,7 7 16,1 8,3 107,9 55,social nature (20022006), RUR mln National priority project 15 3 100 100 1 500TF FPT 48,4 1 600TF FPT 51,6 --- --- --- --- P P Health, RUR mln:

Budgets of the Russian P Federation subjects, RUR 393,7 100 380,9 96,7 12,78TF FPT 3,3 --- --- --- --- mln.

Off-budget sources, USD mln Total: 32,3 100 23,8 73,7 7,9 24,5 0,6 1,8 --- --- TF FTP 13,6 100 13,6 100 --- --- --- --- --- --- P TF FPT 5,9 100 4,7 79,7 1,2 2 --- --- --- --- P 12,8 100 5,5 43 6,7 52,34 0,6 4,7 --- --- TF FPT P , . . (1$ = 4 560,3 100 2 580,3 56,6 1 839,8 40,3 32,3 0,7 107,9 2,.) Table 3.

Distribution of expenditures to finance the measures to prevent and fight HIV/AIDS in the Russian Federation in 2007 by the sources of funding Total Prevention Treatment R&D Construction Source of funding real % real % real real % real % real Federal Target Program Prevention and fight with the illnesses of 350,2 100 13,7 3,9 81,5 23,3 25,6 7,3 229,4 65,social nature (20022006), RUR mln National priority project 7 800 100 4 600 59 3 200 41 --- --- --- --- Health, RUR mln::

Budgets of the Russian Federation subjects, RUR 710 100 500 70,4 --- --- --- --- 210 29,mln.

Off-budget sources,USD mln Total: 34,9 100 18,6 53,3 15,4 44,1 0,9 2,6 --- --- IBRD loanTP F FPT 13,6 100 13,6 100 --- --- --- --- --- --- Global fund projectTF FTP 21,3 100 5 23,5 15,4 72,3 0,9 4,2 --- --- P Total, RUR mln (1USD = 9 802,5 100 5 615,9 57,3 3 697,3 37,7 49,9 0,5 439,4 4,27 RUR) PT TP Centralized purchase of diagnostic tools to prevent, detect infected by the human immunodeficiency virus and B, C hepatitis. Funds go through the Federal Agency for Health Care and Social Development. Measures to prevent HIV-infection, hepatitis B, C. Funds go through the Federal Supervision Service for Consumers Right Protection and People Welfare.

PT TP Centralized purchase of antiretrovirus medicines to treat infected by the human immunodeficiency virus. Funds go through the Federal Agency for Health Care and Social Development.

PT TP Strengthening of material and technical base of the centers for AIDS prevention and fighting.

PT TP According to the project "Tuberculosis and AIDS prevention, diagnostic and treatment" No 4687-0-RU.

PT TP Programm donation agreement between the global fund to fidght AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria and the Open Heakth Institute. RUS-304-G01-H, 23.08.2004.

UH http://www.theglobalfund.org/search/docs/3RUSH_706_251_ga.pdfUH PT TP Programm grant agreement between the Global fund and the Russian Health care foundation. RUS-405-G03-H.

20.09.2005. http://www.theglobalfund.org/search/docs/4RUSH_810_0_ga.pdfUH UH PT TP According to the project "Tuberculosis and AIDS prevention, diagnostics and treatment" No 4687-0-RU.

PT TP Programm grant agreement between the Global fund and the Russian Health care foundation. RUS-405-G03-H.

20.09.2005. http://www.theglobalfund.org/search/docs/4RUSH_810_0_ga.pdfUH UH Table 4.

Target Indices of AntiHIV/AIDS subprogram Index name Units Basic fig- The dynamics of targt indices by the years ures (2005) 2007 2008 2009 2010 Annual number of newly registered . 37700 34000 33000 32000 HIV infection cases Coverage of HIV- infected pregnant woment, included in the program of %. 75 80 90 95 98 vertical HIV infection transfer prevention M. Gladkov The public sector of the Russian economy in 2005 through 2007:

the dynamics of quantitative characteristics and trends of development In quantitative terms, the period from 2005 through 2006 was characterized by the further shrinking of the public sector and its main componentsTF FP: federal state owned unitary enterprises (FSUE) and joint stock P T companies (JSC), shares in which are in federal ownership (see Table 1).

Table The dynamics of the number of federal state owned unitary enterprises and joint stock companies, shares of which are in federal ownership in 2003 through Category As on As on As on As on As on January 1, of entities June 1, June 1, June 1, June 1, entities In % of In % of 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, the num- the numentities entities entities entities ber as on ber as on June June 1, 2005 1, FSUE 9860 9222 829 3 7178 6533 78,8 66,JSC 4205 3905 3783 3724 3997 105,7 95,Of which with the share of RF - up to 25% 2148 1950 1544 1063 1063 68,8 49,- 25 to 50% 1339 1183 1093 885 81,0* 66,1** - 50 to 600 499 474 397 83,8* 66,2** 100% - 100% 118 273 413 1136 275,1* 962,7** - with the 259*** 243*** 243*** 93,8 golden share * - in % of the number of entities as on June 1, 2005, as on June 1, 2006;

** - in % of the number of entities as on June 1, 2003, as on June 1, 2006;

*** - open joint stock companies where the special right golden share is exercised although no blocks of shares are in state ownership.

As it follows from the data presented in Table 1, over one and half years (from the middle of 2005 till early 2007), the number of FSUE diminished by more than 21 per cent, whereas in the period from the middle of 2003 it declined by more than one third. Different trends were observed with respect to the dynamics of the number of joint stock companies, shares in which were in federal ownership. As in early 2007, the PT TP Proceeding from the definition of the public sector as contained in the Resolution of the RF Government of 1999, it includes federal and regional unitary enterprises and institutions, the business entities, in the authorized capitals of which more than 50 per cent of stocks (shares) are in the state ownership, as well as the business entities, in the authorized capitals of which more than 50 per cent of stocks (shares) are in the ownership of business entities belonging to the public sector, i. e. the entities, where the share of the state in the authorized capitals exceeds 50 per cent. However, in the Forecast privatization plans (programs) concerning federal property only the information on the number of federal state owned unitary enterprises and all joint stock companies, shares in which are in the federal ownership (including those outside the public sector due to the fact that in these companies the share of the state is less than 50 per cent) is published on the regular basis.

number of such companies was just by 5 per cent below the figures registered in the middle of 2003 and increased by almost 6 per cent in comparison with the figure observed in the middle of 2005. Therefore, the data presented above permit to assert that the process of decline in the number of FSUE has accelerated over the last years, including the decrease in the number of FSUE resulting from a growing scale of conversion of such enterprises into joint stock companies. Needless to say that it should be borne in mind that the number of unitary enterprises decreased not only due to their conversion into joint stock companies, but also because of liquidation and consolidation thereof. However, the rates of sales of federally owned blocks of shares have been apparently lagging behind the rates of conversion of unitary enterprises into joint stock companies, the evidence of which is the increasing number of joint stock companies with federally owned blocks of shares registered by the beginning of 2007 as compared with the figures observed in the middle of 2005.

The changes having occurred in the sub-sector of joint stock companies, shares in the capitals of which are in the state ownership, should be discussed in more detail.

As it follows from the data presented in Table 1, the period from June 1, 2005, and June 1, 2006, was marked by a radical change in the structure of federally owned blocks of shares resulting in an increase in the specific weight of the joint stock companies, where the sizes of blocks of shares being in federal ownership permitted the state to have the decisive managerial influence on the operations of such companies. Over this period of time, there occurred a sharp (almost by 2.8 times) increase in the total number of the joint stock companies, where 100 per cent of shares are in the federal ownership, what is apparently evidence of a significant acceleration of the process of conversion of FSUE into joint stock companies. On the contrary, since that time the number of all other joint stock companies, where the sizes of federally owned blocks of shares are below 100 per cent, has been declining. An especially significant decrease (by almost one third) was observed with respect to the number of joint stock companies with minority (up to 25 per cent of capital) federally owned blocks of shares, whereas the decline in the number of joint stock companies with blocking (from 25 per cent to 50 per cent minus one share), and controlling (from 50 per cent to 100 per cent minus one share) blocks of shares turned out to be more modest (by 19 per cent and 16 per cent respectively).

As a result, as on June 1, 2006, the structure of the massive of the federally owned blocks of shares (without taking into account the joint stock companies, where the special right golden share was exercised without any shares being in the ownership of the state) was as follows: blocks of shares at or below 25 per cent of capital made just more than 30 per cent of the total number of joint stock companies, where the state owned a share and the blocks of shares of blocking size (from 25 per cent to 50 per cent of capital) were registered in about one fourth of the total number of joint stock companies, whereas at 44 per cent of joint stock companies the state was able to have the majority control it should be noted that the share of the joint stock companies, where 100 per cent of capital were in the federal ownership (32.6 per cent), was two times above the share of the joint stock companies, where the state, being the majority shareholder, had less than 100 per cent of shares (11.4 per cent). In comparison with the figures registered as on June 1, 2005, there was observed a significant increase in the specific weight of joint stock companies, where all shares were in the federal ownership, whereas the specific weight of all other categories of joint stock companies with federally owned blocks of shares of various sizes has declined.

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