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Bo o x cyax o eax, ocoe o eo x, o cy c y c e a e o e, a e c eo e yac , ee e pao c ay o ya y e oye a.

oa o xpa e oye o a o c o ea ecoy p ay, e ye a opa a oye o. B x cyax ae oe o o py c a, eooye a a a acce ax, ee c ya o ooye a.

Ay o ya e y e e oye o a c o ce op o e oo ocy a , o ce ay oye o a py (ao ee oe ocy a e) coc ae e opa ec x oco. p ao ee o ocy a ea e o, o o e ocy a axo oc oopyoa e oc po ee oye o, a o ep o oe oopyoa e oc po ee yo- eoa ce, axo oc o e ocy a , c e, o oce e o po ec peap e poco p o opa x a ep ao.

Ceye y a , o c ooa e ay o ya x oye o o ee oe coaa o o e y. o ceye e y p ee o op ocy a .

C e oec ee o o o o coa y opoe x oe pa x opa ax o e o c pe c c ooa c a ap x, a oee c oyex oc ee, ac oc o eo ao ee a.

Ec a a opa ee c oo peo c pa aeo opa e, eoxo o oao c o ee p ope e a py x oc ex (a oopyoa e oc po ee ) e o opa a, ec o oo o, oc y a e y e co py ec a c py opa a o ea.

Oc o oe pa o aae c ceye: o e o e oopyoa e oc po ee cex o ay o ya x oye o, o op o pac oaa. Ec o a - o p a eoo o p opec c ya poa o oopyoa e, o eoxo o pacco pe oo oc epeee , o epc y, o pa e epe, ocoo a x oye o. oce e oe ae e oo oc oc y a, c pao x ex, e e a xpa e , oopyoa e oc po ee o opx o eo oee e c ya pye c.

O e oe a e ceye ye yc a oe c c e eo ac oc a a a apa yp, a popa oo oec ee . ea e o p coc ae e a peyca p a a pa e oo a ay y oopyoa , o pacxo a eo c paxoa e ocy a e.

ooa e o oc y coo e c y e o coe cpec a pao e cc a ay o ya e y e e oye . y poe pao ooa ee o e o peoc a c pao o- o co a apa o o a pyooc a o c ooa oopyoa . Oe oe e c opa a a c ooa e.

pa a e o e oo ao ee a o peyca p a oe ce y e oye a a ce e o e x e xpa e o p a, ca c x c e a opa a. e pa oa oe o e oe ocy a e a cex ypo x (oa o, pe o a o, a o a o ey apo o) o o a oe ay o ya y e oye a paax yc a oe x pa .

B oac e o e oo oe a ay o ya y e oye a eo opx c pa ax oo o coa e o e x opa a o x c py yp a pe o a o a o a o oc oe. p o cy c papao a x po eyp e o e oo oe a aoo poa a ep aa oe oe eopa oe co py ec o o e.

B c c e, o ay o ya e y e e oye oepe oe o ac oc opee , e ea e, eoxo o ea epea e o e o ao ee e op ao y a x oye o. x ee ceye o o o (c coe e a opc x pa).

12. Copyeco Haa a e co py ec a c py opa a oe oe oe a opa e o o y a c p pacco pe o poco o e oa , a ao a, acc a, c c ea a, oye , o po, apx a coxpa oc.

Copae aa opaa:

IFLA = International Federation of Library Associations and Archives (Mey apo a eepa o e x acco a ypee ).

CCAAA = Coordinating Concil of Audiovisual Archive Associations (oop a o coe acco a ay o ya x apx o).

IASA = International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives (Mey apo a acco a yox ay o ya x apx o).

ICA = International Council on Archives (Mey apo coe o apx a).

FIAF = International Federation of Film Archives (Mey apo a eepa ox apx o).

FIAT = International Federation of Television Archives (Mey apo a eepa ee o x apx o).

NGO = Non Governmental Organizations (He pa ec e e opa a ).

WEB-ca opaa:

Association of Moving Image Archivists http://www.amianet.org/ Coordinating Council of Audiovisual Archive Associations http://www.ccaaa.org/ International Council on Archives http://www.ica.org/ International Federation of Library Associations and Archives http://www.ifla.org/ International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives http://www.iasa-web.org/index.htm The International Federation of Film Archives:

http://www.fiafnet.org/ International Federation of Television Archives:

http://www.fiatifta.org/ UNESCO AV (Audiovisual Archives):

http://www.unesco.org/webworld/audiovis/avarch.htm 13. Cc p coc ae a oo pyooc a c ooa cey e WEB-ca a ep a py x ce IFLA c opo x opa a :

Copyright and other intellectual property rights (IASA) http://www.iasa-web.org/iasa0016.htm Guidelines for public libraries (IFLA) draft 4th rev. ed http://www.ifla.org/VII/s8/proj/gpl.htm Guidelines for Media Resources in Academic Libraries (ACRL) http://www.ala.org/acrl/guides/medresg.html Resource List for Libraries/Media Centers (National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities), Washington, D.C.

http://www.edfacilities.org/rl/libraries.cfm IASA TC-03 - The Safeguarding of the Audio Heritage http://www.iasa-web.org/iasa0013.htm UNESCO, IFLA/PAC. Safeguarding our documentary heritage.

http://webworld.unesco.org/safeguarding/ 14. epee o ayoyax ocee o o-, o o-, o- y e e oye oy coxpa c a aooo poo opa ax a ca a pa x oc ex. p ee e c co e e c cep a ye o o c o epe pa ex oo.

Mexa ec e oc e :

y e a (1886 - 1950 .): a aoo opa yoa c ;

oc po o e a (1902 - 1929 .): a aoo opa yoa c ;

c (pa ac ) c pyo pa poa o opoo (1887 - 1960 .): a aoo opa yoa c ;

a caee ao o c (pa ac ) c popa poa o opoo oe e c (1930 - ): a aoo opa yoa c ;

popa poa e c (pa ac ) (1948 - ): a aoo opa yoa c ;

Hoc e a a x e ax:

eooa e a e e yoa c (1935 -1960):

a aoo yoo opa (a co Fe2O3) e a oc oe PVC yoa c (1944 - 1960):

a aoo yoo opa (a co Fe2O3) o c pooe e yoa c, o a acce IEC I, yx oe e eoa c (1959 - .):

a aoo opa a c ya eo (a co Fe2O3);

o a -acce IEC II, DCC, c y e e , VCR, VHS, U-matic, Betamax, V2000, Betacam, D1 (1969 - ):

a aoo / poo opa a c ya eo (a co CrO3);

o a -acce IEC IV, R-DAT, Video8/HI8, Betacam SP, MII, ce poe eo opa poe D (1979 - ):

a aoo / poo opa a c ya eo (e a poa a co.

Hoc e a a x cax:

c po c o a c a a x cax Timex (1954);

o - c : 3-x oe, 5.25 oe, 8. oe (yc ape e), 3.5 oe (copee e):

poo opa a x (a co a oc oe oc a e aa);

ec e c, a pa o, c poe e o ep, oa oe e e RAID-acc .

o ox ec e oc e :

opa ox e o:

35 (1894 - ; c a ap opa c 1909 .);

ec a ap e opa :

28 (1912 - ) 16 (1923 - ) 9.5 (1922 - ) Super 8 (1965 - ) Ha pa o oc oe (c 1895 o 1952 .) Ha a e a o oc oe eo ac e e : 1920 - Ha o ce pooo oc oe: 1970 - O ec e oc e :

LV Laser Vision (1982 - ) a aoo opa eo / c a ec x opae ;

CD oc po o e (1981 - ): poo opa (poe CDV: a aoooe eo) cex o y e o opa ;

CD a caee (1992 - ): poo opa cex o y e o opa ;

MD - c oc po o e (1992 - ): poo opa ya;

MD - c a caee (1992 - ): poo opa ya;

CD epea caee (1996 - ): poo opa cex o y e o opa ;

DVD oc po o e (1997 - ): poo opa cex o y e o opa ;

DVD a caee (1997 - ): poo opa cex o y e o opa ;

DVD epea caee (1998 - ): poo opa cex o y e o opa.

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