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Pa oopa e ao o o oa e o e pe p e e e x ao o a pa e c o pa a c pa x c pa ax, o o oo o cy c o o oo oxa a cex a ep ao, ae oa o a ox. A ao o pa a c opa a, ocyec e y o copy xpa e oa e oo e pa, coc a o opx oy xo a o a e pe o a e o e, c e a poa e ae c a, ay o ya e y e e apx , y epc e c e c e a e o e. Bcy, e cyec ye ooe e o oa e o e pe, eoxo o po aa poa c ooa pe yec a, o ope o o coae.

pao oc y a oye a, xpa aec e oa e oo e pa, oe opa a c oo cyax, ooope x ao oa ec o.

6. Aopcoe pao aopc ooop B oac oxpa pa ee ya o coc e oc e c c e a e ao , o oc ec o o- ooye a. Hapy c o e pa a opa coc a e o cepe cyec y ae paa po o e c o e, a ae pao a oye e o apae a c ooa e po ee , a pa aee epec o e oo cooec a. paoa c oc o a e ec o o oe ao e xpa e , coepae c o e x o ax.

B o oac ooe ae e p ae c o poca a opcoo ooopa. Bcec e co oc e opa e, aaaex a ooopo, peoe ye c coc a peyp o o o paoo pe c p (register of the rights situation) ao e xpa e , oye, xapa ep y ee a oe paoo oe.

Opa a o c pe c oya a ee p ooo a opcoo ooopa ( o y, a p ep, Coe a o o e opa o pecypca o a pox o e)5 o ea e c e o co o pao o ae coae c o e a ec a.

Boo o coa e o e x oe, coc o x e xpa e a o ope ae a opc e ooop, oo e c ooa x oee e c o, a p ep, oa eo pocy a y oo oc po ee . B o e x cyax epec o e oy pec a a ep a c ooope pee e c ooa ( o pa a ape ).

Bo poc o poa oc po ee , a pa o, e oo po o e o ea. o e o ceoa opa a o a oo ey apo oo paa, a ae a x opa a, a IFLA, IASA EBLIDA, xpa x c pao o o poca. oye opa o o poca opa a o opaa c, pee ceo, coc e e o e e acco a.

http://www.library.yale.edu/~llicense/modlic.shtml 7. aaoa ocy opaec oca Ay o ya e y e e oye o y a c opa e ao c pa apy co ce po oye a.

Ay o ya e y e e oye e ocoe oc, pey e o peee x ao p coc ae x opa ec x o ca. p coc ae ey apo x pa a ao a oo a oye o a e opa a, a IFLA, FIAF, IASA p py x, poea oy pao y. pa a a ao a, c oyee o e x o eax, o a poa c a ec x oc y x c a ap ax, a oc a o o co a pao a o ec poa x a ep ao, o a o pa c a o e pa a pee oo ec poa .

opa ec e o ca ay o ya x y e x oye o oa e o ope o a c e epa e a ao o e c e peoc ae ooa e ceo oea oc y o opa. B o e pe, o peyco pe o o e e o oc y a ay o ya y e oye a, a x o ca o a ex ecy opa cee o paox opa e x o c ooa x oye o. B eo opx cyax, ye peoc a ooa e oc y o o e oy, o e oy a aoy ay o ya x y e x oye o.

paa aaoa:

c pa oe c ooa c cey c co eo opx ey apo x a o a x pa :

Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules. Prepared under the direction of the Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR, a committee of the American Library Association [et al]. 2nd ed., 2002 revision.

Ottawa: Canadian Library Association, 2002. (loose-leaf) (Copublished by the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals and the American Library Association) Association Franaise de Normalisation. Normes de catalogage.

Domaine 164 : Documentation http://planete.afnor.fr/v3/espace_normalisation/programmesnormalis ation/22-164.htm Association for Recorded Sound Collections. Associated Audio Archives. Rules for Archival Cataloging of Sound Recordings. Rev.

[US]: ARSC, 1995. x, 60 p.

Deutsches Bibliotheksinstitut. Regeln fr die alphabetische Katalogisierung von Nichtbuchmaterialien [RAK-AV]. Berlin : DBI.

- Losebl.-Ausg. Spter u.d.T Die Deutsche Bibliothek. Regeln fr die alphabetische Katalogisierung in wissenschaftlichen Bibliotheken [RAK-WB].

Berlin: DDB, http://www.ddb.de/professionell/pdf/rak_4_erg.pdf Rules for Bibliographic Description [Russian Cataloguing Rules, RCR]. Moscow, Direcciyn General del Libro, Archivos y Bibliotecas. REGLAS de Catalogaciyn, 1.a ed., 2.a reimpresiyn con correcciones Madrid:

Fdration Internationale des Archives du Film (FIAF). The FIAF Cataloguing Rules for Film Archives. Compiled and edited by Harriet W. Harrison for the FIAF Cataloguing Commission.

Mnchen: K.G. Saur, 1991. xvi, 239 p.

[American Library Association. Guidelines for Bibliographic Description of Interactive Multimedia. The Interactive Multimedia Guidelines Review Task Force, Laura Jizba [et al] Chicago:

American Library Association, 1994. xi, 43 p.] International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives. The IASA cataloguing rules : a manual for description of sound recordings and related audiovisual media. IASA 1998.

http://www.iasa-web.org/icat/ International Federation of Library Association and Institutions.

ISBD (NBM): International Standard Bibliographic Description for Non-Book Materials. Recommended by the ISBD Review Committee, approved by the Standing Committee of the IFLA Section on Cataloguing. Revised ed. London: IFLA, 1987. vii, 74 p.

International Federation of Library Association and Institutions.

ISBD (ER): International Standard Bibliographic Description for Electronic Resources. Recommended by the ISBD (CF) Review Goup. Revised from the ISBD (CF) International Standard Bibliographic Description for Computer Files. Mnchen: K.G. Saur, 1997. x, 109 p.

Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records. Final report.

Mnchen: Saur, 1998. (UBCIM Publications - N.S. Vol.19) http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.pdf International Standards Organisation. 15706, Information and documentation - International Standard Audivisual Number (ISAN).

Geneva: ISO, 2002. v, 12 p.

8. Apxa xpaee Ta a pa e o e e coepe o pa e oa oc o oac (o a o a x o e, xpa x opa a ea, o ae x o e, o ea x a ocy a e ooa ee ), oe o, o a o oye e oy pec ae peoe a o apx a xpa e oeo xapa epa.

oec ee coxpa oc opa, axoe c ee o ee, o ea o a oep a ecy x ecy eoc oc op a x oye o, o ac oo e oee cooo aec a p o poa, o poe peopaoa cxo x oye o.

co xpa e ay o ya x y e x oc ee pey ocooo a . p, , co , peep a e a e epa ypa a oc oy a opy oc ee. Bpe CD-ROM a x e e ocpec e o a c o e epa yp a oc oee, e o xpa c. Hoc e o xpa c pae o, coo e c c x x ec o ( a p ep, a e e , pa ac a 78 o./.

oo pa e, a e c, o ec e c ) c e oec ee a oee oxoe e epa yp a oc xpa e , a ae y poe ye cyae oopa .

poe oo, a e oc e, a e a eo- ay oa c a e ax, ceye xpa e oe c a x oe.

o e ep xpa e pa a c paepa opa a c oc o o oc ee, o o peee x paee e xpa e c e e epa c xpa e e ea x a ep ao. Ha op e ae o, e yy xpa c a ep a: a c e e o p oo oc y a ap o xpa e.

C e oec ee coxpa oc, e oe a ec x oc ex e o apya eoc oc pecypca. Ha p ep, e o ycae c ap poa CD-ROM DVD c c ooa e o x ep e. x ee cyec y a poepe x c ocoa: c ooa e c e a oo apepa-oac epa co aep a pa poa a eo oac y e pa ca.

Bo ea e eoc o o o ep aec a eoxo o ep o ec poep ypoe papye oc ee op ao. co oo a ya a poepa c e e ocec yapo, a oc, oe oc. a x e eoxo e c c a e c aa e a paa a o ep aec a. o ec x co c a e e ooe oy o y opa o o epx, a a p oc po ee a e o eo opoo ypo caooppe py c. O pee c e e oe oc o o c oy c e a e a a a op.

pa a xpa e x o ay o ya x y e x a ep ao o peyca p a a pa a paoee oopyoa e, eoxo oe oc po ee oc ee. o ooy xpa e a o ea oe opa c a coe a apx ay o ya x a ep ao , a p ep, a e opa a, a IASA. IFLA a oe c ye c e po py x ey apo x opa a, a x a IASA, FIAT, FIAF, ICA HECO, epe oop a o coe Acco a ay o ya x apx o. Ce ay o ya x a ep ao y e a pec ae IFLA CCAAA, po co a-ap po IFLA.

Oe o, o a o oe co o oac eoxo o oep a oop a oe c e o e. o peee a pae o e e oc ceye p ep a c p o, o peeex ooe a o a x c pa e.

9. Opoa coxpaoc o e, pao a e oac coxpa oc ay o ya x y e x a ep ao, o a o papao e coo e c y x c a ap o o oac pa p ep c opa a, e x oo o poo x cceoa a o oac.

Oec ee e oocpo o coxpa oc oc y oc y a x oye o a aooo opa e ac o ca o c eoxo oc x o poa a a e e py e oc e. Bo poc, ca e c ee ya o coc e oc p oo oo poa o poa, pey o e oo pacco pe .

B copee x yco x a oee pe o e c ocoo o poa c e oec ee coxpa oc e c o poa. o paa co x a pa a o poy a o pac pe yec a, oyaee ooa e, a p ep, y poe e oc y a a ep aa.

Cyec y opa a, c e a py ec oac o po eo- ay ooye o. o poee o po ceye ye c, o a oye e pa ee o poa o o ea opa a ae oo cex oo x opa e x, ca x c a opc paa. o poc ac o a oc a o o co , o x pacco pe e aco o eoxo o. Boo o, o opa a co y oe yac e pac peee x poe ax o o poe c e a pa yepe oc o, o oye yy o poa oo o pa.

peopaoa e oye o a aoooo opa a poo oe a py e oa a eo ope o ep opa. Boo o, o yye poe ex oo yy oo pe poy poa xapa ep c cxo oo oc e.

Apx a epea c c apoo o opa o a oec e a c e a x- o e e yye.

O ao pa ecoo c ooa epec pec a o c yye aec o ya opae . B oo x cyax eoxo o oye poa ce p e e e ex oo apae p. ea e o coc a oye a a e aa e, coepa e ce ex ec e e a, cee o ca a x, paepe a o, opa ax..

B oac coxpa oc o poa x aa o pox oye o ee c ooe o ec o c a ap o oopyoa , o epa o x c c e, oc ee popa. o peee oeo xapa epa o o p ec cey e:

oepc (conversion) - o peopaoa e oye a a aooo op poy. Ha p ep, coa e ec ooo a a y e ca poa ea oo oye a, p o opo epo aa o coae c pa ec a , a a e o pac o ae c popao pac o aa ec o.

Boccaoee (refreshing) - o o poa e oye a a a ao oc e c e peo pae o ep oye a -a papye cxo oo oc e. oye oe a a aoo, a po.

epeeee (migration) - ee coe e yye e pooo a a, eo o coxpa e c p oo oee oo epc popa, o opo o coa, c oo o popa, o opa e c oee copee o ye coo e c ye o p c a ap a.

y (emulation) - o coa e popa oo oec ee , oe pyeo yc ape e oopyoa e popa, c e oc po ee pox oye o, yc ape x opa ax, y e a c ooa c apx epc oopyoa popa oo oec ee .

opo oye oco e o poe a o po pa ee o y oa IFLA.10. epe Opo oe o ec o oe y e x oye o o y oa o ce ep e, oye o oc y a e o o oee o epa o. oye oy pac poc pa c ec a o a a o oc oe. ac e po x y a e oc ae c a ec x oc ex, oc y a peye c peap e oe coxpa e e a x a ec x cax, e o x c p epax py x c c eax xpa e . o oe ocyec c a oa ec o a pocy o a e c oo po eyp coxpa e co c opo o e.

Ba o ape c p poa o ca a oye a o o pa e oce eo oye o eo. Hoe popa e poy o coa op ao (Institutional Portal Software), c c e y pae po oe (Digital Asset Management Systems Rights Management Systems) oy oe o eap p pao e c x o a.

o ep, c oyee o eax oc y a ep e, o oo oc po o y e e oye pe e o a. Ha o epax o o yc a oe o eoxo oe popa oe oec ee e, e c pa ec e yoe ap ay .

Cc a pecypc:

H e p ee a pa a opa opo oo ca c o o opa o oac :

Digital Libraries: Resources and projects (IFLA):

http://www.ifla.org/II/diglib.htm The Digital Library Federation (DLF):

http://www.clir.org/diglib/dlfhomepage.htm Directory of Digitized Collections:

http://www.unesco.org/webworld/digicol/ Open Archives Initiative:

http://openarchives.org 11. Ocyae ooaee.

oce e o e, c oy e ay o ya e y e e oye , o oya ao e ypoe ocy a , a p pao e c ea oye a. Bce co py o e o o a ocoe oc oo a copa c e, o o o epe oec e a o pe oc ooa ee.

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