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P e C oc ee / ooeco eop 1 Teop ooecoo p e pp o oc oee, e c o oee e oe x c ox cxo oecx ocoeoc e 2 Teop opo e e ep x opo o, pe o x o e x , cocooc e, pooc o 3 Teop pep p e oo o oc , oo poeo(p) c , ooepoc , o c e oc cc eoc pep 4 Teop op B ee, p c po o pe , e po oc o oe co p ec oo xoc x c e o. oc o x coe x c 5 Teop c p eecoo Ooco e e oc o p oo eop po po oo c p eecoo po , eop o p o o 6 Teop oc pc , p e o coc eoxooc c o ec , oo cpo oc c o p ce p 7 Teop co o- O o oocx pec e o co oooecoo ooeco poc p c e ooo, c o poc p c oopoo ec e e o p e o, ep exo eoco poc p c , coc o opoo c o e ooecx c c e. p e po c o , c p e c ep , opee x oeee e o, e c ooo c o oo x ec Ocoeoc oc c e o, C ee x p epoc o ocoeoc e o oee / homo economicus homo institutius o p o oc oee 1 A e eo B c o c ee B c o c ee 2 Moe e eo e B c o c ee B c o c ee 3 Tp oc p p e pe x B c o c ee B c o c ee epe x p o ec 4 A B c o c ee B c o c ee pe oo e e oc 5 C ooc op op x B c o c ee B c o c ee ( poc p c e pee) p o pee 6 A op op x B c o c ee B c o c ee ( poc p c e pee) e p o p o pee 7 Tp oc co e He e c He e c o ox c o o e cpp cpp ep p o p o 8 Heoco e cco B c o c ee B c o c ee c peec o o 9 C ooc op He e c c- He e c cop x/eop x (c po c- pp pp o x/o oex) pee p o p o 10 peo ee pee, He e c He e c o x/e o x cpp cpp p o p o p o 11 peo ee peo ee peo ee op x/eop x pee eop x op x pee pee 12 Heoco oe ee e oc c B c o c ee B c o c ee x pee x oec o c x ep 13 A B c o c ee B c o c ee op eo p 14 peo ee p ox po e p B c o c ee B c o c ee p pee T pep ʻ A J P oo e (pe op) HI HE HE HE P o HI HE HI HI HE C Po homo institutius Po homo economicus Oco e o peoc A ep A ep, op op po e o peoc poe , po c C c, oc poee c p op/ oc C c co ee Pe e Pe e - op oep e/ epee C c /pe e o po ep/ ep 1. peoc 2. Moe Be 3. c o e ep (ex ante ex post) B pe ep 4. A ec p eop 5. Bo, poo, peoe po e c o o pepecc c c c epo epo epo [t1,t2] [t1,t2] [t1, t2] [t2,t3]. [t2, t3] [tn, tm] oo ee oo ee oo ee e P12 e P23 e Pnm path dependence e epa epa ppo oeca cmumyuoaoe noe cy O Inf Inf* O* cy Ooe c poecce oea pacpeee poy poy TPAHCA Beeco, oe, ep, eoeec pecypc (pecypc pooca) 6 7 A* A 1 T* Rn* T Rn oouecoe npocmpacmo pee, poecc epa yco ppo oeca e oeec eoeecue op cmumyuoa op u ucmumyuu eoe (A) TexuoTexec cmumyuoae mexoouecue op op mexuu u mexoouu H u ucmumyuu (T) C T ppoopupoo-pecypce cmumyuoae T pec pc op u ucmumyuu pecypc op (Rn) Op o Opauauoe cmumyuoaa op op u ucmumyuu opauau (ucmumym) (Ins) (O) op o opauoe cmumyuoaa op op u ucmumyuu uopau (Inf) epaa cyoaoe ocpoocea ocpooco cy + - Ace co X p epc A op oo c c op eop oo o p ; pp ee c c o o o cep; c ee o o oc oeeeco o oc p.

oppo e coo oc ce ecx Op o o p ; ee cc e o x ce p.

p oppe op , p p e p c coo e c c p op o o p ; c poe p cpoc p ee cpe cox e o ooc e o op c op e oc o p.

c pec p o c poo c o oo X- p e oo Y- p e Op o oe O coc eoc c coc eoc coc eoc C e p p eee p H e p B oec e xoc oop o pe x c e o Pec p ( co- Coco Oe ( -po ) co e epep cpee ee) ocpooc poop o oc C op o c p c eep oo c poo o ecoo c o o ecoo c poc c poc X- p e Y- p e Tepp op Ac p oe e ee eep op ep pxec ep c poc o cc e C o p ee o e c e po p e c c poc opo e e H e Bop p eecx o oppo e Moo p oc O ee cop e eo ce pe pee eop ecoe o c o Mex Op e o c C ee c op o c c o po c c c po c o eo o X- p e eo o Y- p e e ep o e co oo ec Hop e pec e p C p o co o c p pe p c poc opo Coo o ec eo arg min P(G) G P : [0;+) B = { f1,, fm} fi N ~ ~ O(f ) Or (f ) ~ B = { f } O(f ) ~ ~ D( f ) = O( f ) Dr ( f ) = Or ( f ) ~ ~ O(f ) Or (f ) P(G) = P(g1,, gk ) G = (V, E) gV \ NG g = g1 gk G O( f ) D D( f ) P(D) P(G) G O(f ) G2 O2(f ) P(G2) P(G) G O(f ) Gp Op (f ) P(Gp ) P(G) ~ O2(f ) ~ ~ Or (f ) O(f ) ~ ~ O(f ) Or (f ) ~ O(f ) f = N = {a1,, an} III I II 1 1 1 3 6 3 6 3 6 2 2 5 2 ( ( ),, ( )) ( ) ( ) C g1 C gk ] P C g1 C gk = [C g1 ++ C gk - max( ( ),, ( )) ( ( ),, ( )) ( ) ( )] P C g1 C gk = [C g1 ++ C gk ( ( ),, ( ), ( )) ( ( ) / max( ( ),..., ( )) P C g1 C gk C g = C g C g1 C gk -1) ( ( ),, ( ), ( )) C g ( )) P C g1 C gk C g = ( ( ) -C gi i=1, k g = g1 gk (0;+) C(g) C(g) C(h) g h ( ) ( ( )1/ ) C g = C a (0,+) ag a N (0,+) (0;+) B = { f1,, fm} f a21 a22 a23 a24 a29 a30 a31 a32 a56 a57 a58 a59 aa25 a26 a27 a28 a51 a52 a53 a54 a55 a61 a62 aa17 a18 a19 aa37 a38 a39 a40 a46 a47 48 a49 aa5 a6 a7 a8 a13 a14 a15 aa41 a42 a43 a44 aa9 a10 a11 a12 a33 a34 a35 aa1 a2 a3 a 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0,25 g1 = {1,2,3} g2 = {4,5,6} g3 = {7} S = f (A1, A2,,,, ) n 1 S = f (P, A, B,C, D, E, F,G) P = {p1, p2, p3, p4, p5, p6, p7} A = {a1,a2,a3,a4,a5,a6,a7} B = {b1,b2,b3,b4,b5,b6,b7} {c1,c2,3,4,5,6,7} C = D = {d1,d2,d3,d4,d5,d6,d7} E = {e1,e2,e3,e4,e5,e6,e7} F ={f1, f2, f, f4, f5, f7} G = g2, g3, g4, g5, g7} {g1, S = f (P,C, A, B, D, F, E,G) Peee po e, Oeceee o c o eo ocoe ox c oo- e e opo po ope pooc Pe o oe ce e ee oppo e c o x c o x op op a op B a opa x op Co - o o oe pa e c y Pe o o oe p po oc a a o- Coo e c e Coo e c - Ceo a- Ceo a e B op B op a o oe peec y e eoo- e o e- pac po- eope - cye pa e c y o a- ec c e oy c pa e o- eco o a opa y ee opy y a ao y p epa p 1. eo eec e op * eo eec AA1 AA2 AA2. p po o-pecypc e op a op (A) Tex o- ex oo ec e op 4. opa o e op 5. Op a a o e op p po o- 1. eo eec e op 2. p po o-pecypc e op pecypc 3. Tex o- ex oo ec e a op (Rn) RT3 RT op # 4. opa o e op 5. Op a a o e op Tex o- 1. eo eec e op ex oo e- 2. p po o-pecypc e op TR4 TR 3. Tex o- ex oo ec e c a op op (T) 4. opa o e op 5. Op a a o e op IA opa - 1. eo eec e op o a- 2. p po o-pecypc e op 3. Tex o- ex oo ec e op (Inf) op < 4. opa o e op II 5. Op a a o e op 1. eo eec e op Op a a - OAo a- 2. p po o-pecypc e op 3. Tex o- ex oo ec e op (J) op 4. opa o e op $ O5. Op a a o e op o ec ex Bo F e N ec o- A B M pep L o e K e e O D p e di dVi dCi = dQ dQ dQ Q Q dV dC dV dC d = dQ dQ - dQ dQ dQ dQ dQ 0 dV dQ dC dQ di d (Q) dQ dQ dVi d (Q) dCi + dQ dQ dQ Q Q d dV dC dQ dQ -dQ dQ d (Q) dQ dQ 0 dV dC d (Q) + dQ dQ dQ > B F O Q =

o oc o c c ec e- It = (Xt + kt) + (lt ) Ct t oe, o p o oop o p o x Xt p e: Et =Xt + kt Ct B cox oepx p o x. eep cpec , o ope e oe p cxocxo ec e oe, o- e coe op o e, e oe ope e e p, o c op e c ocoepec o e, c oec po e p ec e o e e oeec , e c c eo e o, oxo o ec Bpya pe p e p Hao o pea a op opa Apooc ecoe 592 o. 51 o. 91,5 o.

oopyoa e B e opa 8,9 p py. Hay o- po oc e a 528 o. op opa py He a o a o 16 136 o. 3 065 o. 156,4 p py.

OAO Mo e 2 546,2 o. 517,2 o. TeeC c e OAO Mococa opoca 12 775 py. 2 157 py. 512,975 py. eeo a ce op o-e ayp eca 3 094 o. 584 o. 6,44 p py.

o a Hop c e Hay o- po oc e oe 6,639 p py. 1,116 p py 0,928 p py.

oe e e Ca yp epoa oc po e 330,483 o. 38,830 o. 33,990 o.

o ep C oe a paca op o1,5 p o. 85 o. e ayp eca o a c y ac 32,5 % c y pe 9 % c y ac 32,5 % c y pe 9 % Ceeo-pooe c y Ceeo-pooe c y 16 % 16 % c y ypa e 16 % c y ypa e 16 % c y poecc 26,5 % c y poecc 26,5 % pep e Ta a, cocooc ee oe e o ea a cooyoc coco- o ea a cooyoc pecypco oc e, p opee ex yc ox a opo, a x pep oa x oo oc a y o oc p opee ex yc ox oc ooe ec o o ec e a oc ooe ec o a pe, e oo coo ec e e e ae ae poo, e oo ac pa o cpe oae ce Hao ee occ ee a o c op o pep , eo o ea a oo oc e eo co oa y a e oea a y peee eo- y a pep a y peee opoe yxooe aa o, pa ee eoe yxooe aa o, pa ee a oc e eapa eoc e- a oc e eapa eoc e e oc pep , oecea- e oc pep , oecea ee eo c pe ee apooy ee eo c pe ee apooy yopoa pa coo - yopoa pa coo e c c eo o ea o. po - e c c eo o ea o.

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