National bibliographic agencies are called on to accept responsibility for creating the definitive record for each resource issued in that country. It is therefore recommended that descriptions prepared by them contain all the mandatory elements set out in the ISBD insofar as the information is applicable to the resource being described. It is recommended that this practice be followed also by other libraries that share bibliographic data with each other.
250 The responsibility for creating bibliographic descriptions may extend beyond libraries, for example, to cultural institutions, publishers, independent scholars and various online communities.
The ISBD description forms a part of a complete bibliographic record and is not normally used by itself.
The other elements that make up a complete bibliographic record, such as headings and subject information, are not included in the ISBD stipulations. The rules for such elements are normally given in cataloguing codes and other standards.
References from variations of the title proper or other references that may be called for in a national cataloguing code do not form a part of the bibliographic description and are not provided in the ISBD.
They may be indispensable, however, in catalogues and bibliographies.
Informational elements relating to a particular collection (location of material, recording of holdings, etc.) 260 are not provided by the ISBD; they are local elements that can be added to the general description.
To describe a resource that exhibits characteristics of different types of materials (e.g. an electronic continuing resource, a digital map that is serially issued), a cataloguer should combine stipulations for the different types of materials that are necessary to describe all aspects of the resource, including its content, its carrier, its medium, and its mode of issuance.
A.2 Treatment of resources A.2.1 Object of the bibliographic description The ISBD is used to create a description of a set of resources that bear the same characteristics in respect to both intellectual content and physical form, i.e. an edition. An edition may be identified by an edition statement on the resource or by information provided by the publisher. A major difference between two 270 resources in any of the elements indicates that different editions are involved and separate descriptions are required. A change in the identity of the distributor does not constitute a change of the edition. An ISBD description describes a complete copy of a published resource.
Resources can be published as single-part resources or as multipart resources, as finite or intended to be finite or intended to continue, and they can be issued at one time or at successive times.
A single-part resource is a resource that is issued as a single physical unit.
Multipart resources are treated either in a multilevel description (see Appendix A) or in a single-level description of the entire resource. In some cases the parts of a multipart resource can also be described as single-part resources.
ISBD Continuing resources are treated as serials or as integrating resources. Also catalogued using the 280 stipulations for continuing resources are those resources issued in successive issues or parts bearing numbering, and that bear other characteristics of a serial (e.g. frequency in the title), but whose duration is limited (e.g. the newsletter of an event). In addition, finite integrating resources (such as a Web site for a political campaign) are catalogued using these stipulations.
For older monographic resources:
Not only editions, but also issues, impressions and states of older monographic resources may be given separate descriptions. This standard makes no provision for situations where no conclusive evidence as to the intended extent of a resource exists or when an imperfect copy is catalogued without the help of a bibliographic description for the resource. Whenever possible, a description of a complete example should be found.
290 Where no complete example exists, a description may be worked out from imperfect copies if the imperfections are such as to permit this, and imperfections and other peculiar characteristics relating to the copy in hand described in area 7 (see 7.11). In this case, it is understood that the description prepared may not apply to all copies of the same edition, issue or state.
A.2.2 Electronic resources Electronic resources are treated in the ISBD in two ways depending on whether access is direct or remote.
Direct access is understood to mean that a physical carrier can be described. Such a carrier (e.g. a disk, cassette, cartridge) must be inserted into a computer or into a peripheral device attached to a computer.
Remote access is understood to mean that no physical carrier can be handled; access can only be provided 300 by use of an input-output device (e.g. a computer) connected to a network or by use of resources stored on a server or other storage device. All remote-access electronic resources are considered to be published.
Electronic resources are also increasingly produced in different editions. A new edition occurs when it has been determined that there are significant differences in the intellectual or artistic content of the resource.
In these cases, a separate bibliographic record is created. A resource in which the differences are not found to be significant would normally not warrant a separate bibliographic record, although a cataloguing agency may choose to create multiple bibliographic records. Significant differences include additions and deletions; a difference in the programming language; changes to upgrade or improve the efficiency of the resource; modifications in the programming language or operating system that allow the resource to be compatible with other machines and operating systems.
310 Differences that do not constitute a new edition include: a difference in the size of the physical carrier (e.g.
14 cm vs. 9 cm disk); differences in printer-related file formats (e.g. ASCII vs. PostScript); differences in system-related formats (e.g. IBM vs. Macintosh); differences relating to the character code or to blocking or recording densities. The differences may be given in area 7.
A.2.3 Resources issued in multiple formats If a resource is issued in different types of physical carriers, or in different output media, each different physical carrier or different output medium is described in a separate bibliographic record.
A.2.4 Multimedia resources For the physical description of multimedia resources, see 5.1.2.
A ISBD A.2.5 Reproductions 320 In describing a facsimile or other photographic, micrographic, or digitised reproduction, bibliographic information pertaining to the reproduction is given in all areas of the description, except area 3 for serials.
Information pertaining to the original is given in area 7 (see 220.127.116.11).
A.2.6 Changes requiring a new description (continuing resources) A.2.6.1 Major changes in title proper of serials For serials, a new description is required in the case of a major change in the title proper. The following are to be considered major changes:
a) for languages and scripts that divide text into words, the addition, deletion, change, or reordering of any word within the first five words (the first six words if the title begins with an article) of the title, except as indicated below (see A.2.7);
330 Examples Energy policy and conservation biennial report becomes Energy policy and conservation report Металлургия и технология becomes Металлургия и машиностроение New notes becomes Upstream journal La recherche aronautique becomes La recherche arospatiale Scene 340 becomes TV IFLANET unplugged becomes IFLA CD...
Link magazine becomes Link journal b) an addition, deletion, or change in the title proper that changes the meaning of the title or indicates a different subject matter;
Examples The best bed & breakfasts in the world becomes The best bed & breakfasts in England, Scotland & Wales 350 Editorial comment: Indicates different subject matter.
but not Report on the high-level radioactive waste activities conducted under MS 1990, 116C.712, subd. 5A becomes Report on the high-level radioactive waste activities conducted under Minnesota Statutes 116C.Editorial comment: Insignificant difference after first five words c) a corporate body, named anywhere in the title, changes, except as indicated below (see A.2.7.1).
ISBD 2010 A.2.6.Examples The register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 360 becomes The register of the Kentucky Historical Society NFCR Cancer Research Association symposia becomes Association for International Cancer Research symposia A.2.6.2 Other major changes to serials For serials, a new description also is required in the following cases:
a) the title proper is a generic term and the issuing body changes its name (except as indicated below; see A.2.7.1(e) for minor changes in a body’s name that do not require a new description) or the serial is issued by a different body;
Example Symposium series / Society for Applied Bacteriology 370 becomes Symposium series / Society for Applied Microbiology b) the edition statement changes and indicates a significant change to the scope or coverage of the serial;
Example Transportation directory. – New England edition becomes Transportation directory. – Eastern edition c) the physical medium changes;
Examples New Zealand national bibliography Editorial comment: Published only in paper.
380 becomes New Zealand national bibliography Editorial comment: Published only in microfiche.
MacInTax deluxe Editorial comment: Issued on 3 1/2-in. computer disk.
becomes MacInTax deluxe Editorial comment: Issued on CD-ROM.
d) a dependent title becomes independent;
Example Fauna Norvegica. Series B, Norwegian journal of entomology becomes Norwegian journal of entomology 390 e) a serial is cumulated, and the cumulations bear separate numbering from the basic issues;
A ISBD Example Reader’s guide to periodical literature Editorial comment: Issued in annual and less frequent cumulations with numbering separate from that of the semimonthly, etc., issues.
f) a serial is formed by the merger of two or more other serials;
Example Archivio di ottalmologia and Rassegna italiana di ottalmologia merge to form Archivio e rassegna italiana di ottalmologia 400 g) two or more serials are formed from the split of a serial.
Example Geografi i Bergen becomes Geografi i Bergen. Serie A and Geografi i Bergen. Serie B A.2.6.3 Major changes to integrating resources For integrating resources, a new description is required in the following cases:
a) the edition statement changes and indicates a significant change to the scope or coverage of the resource;
Example 410 Manual of forestry management practices. – Canadian edition becomes Manual of forestry management practices. – North American edition b) the physical medium changes;
Example Cuadernos de historia medieval Editorial comment: Print version becomes Cuadernos de historia medieval Editorial comment: Online version c) a resource is formed by the merger of two or more other resources;
Example 420 USMARC format for bibliographic data and Canadian MARC communication format for bibliographic data merge to form: MARC 21 format for bibliographic data d) two or more resources are formed from the split of a resource.
ISBD 2010 A.2.7.A.2.7 Changes not requiring a new description (continuing resources) A.2.7.1 Minor changes in title proper of serials For serials, a new description is not required in cases of minor changes in the title proper. In general, if a minor change occurs in the title proper, the later title is given in area 7 (see 18.104.22.168.1). In case of doubt, consider that the change is minor. The following are to be considered minor changes:
a) a change in the representation of a word or words, for example, 430 one spelling vs. another Examples Statistisk aarbog for kongeriget Norge becomes Statistisk rbok for kongeriket Norge Labour history becomes Labor history abbreviated word or sign or symbol (e.g. “&”) vs. spelled-out form Examples Accommodations and travel services becomes Accommodations & travel services 440 Ga. peach statistics becomes Georgia peach statistics Oxf. Hist. Soc.
becomes Oxford Historical Society arabic numeral vs. roman numeral Example XXe sicle becomes 20e sicle number or date vs. spelled-out form Examples 450 Four wheel fun becomes 4 wheel fun XX century becomes Twentieth century hyphenated word vs. unhyphenated word Example Year-book of the...
becomes Year book of the...
one-word compound vs. two-word compound, whether hyphenated or not A ISBD Example 460 Openhouse becomes Open house b) a change involving an acronym or initialism vs. the full form (see also 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199.1);
Example Research in technological adaptation becomes RITA c) a change in the inflexion of a word, for example, from singular to plural form;
Examples Fishery report becomes Fisheries report 470 Research studies becomes Research study d) the addition, deletion, or change of articles, prepositions, and conjunctions anywhere in the title;
Example Fiscal survey of the states becomes The fiscal survey of states e) a change involving the name of the same corporate body and elements of its hierarchy or their grammatical connection anywhere in the title (e.g. the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of the name of the corporate body or the substitution of a variant form, including an abbreviation);
Examples 480 Rapport de la Socit canadienne de l’Eglise catholique becomes Rapport / Socit canadienne de l’Eglise catholique Views / Goodridge Area Historical Society becomes Views from the Goodridge Area Historical Society becomes Views from the GAHS Berichte der Deutschen Gesellschaft fr Mathematik und Datenverarbeitung becomes GMD-Berichte AAPG continuing education course notes series becomes American Association of Petroleum Geologists continuing education course notes series 490 Boletn de la Sociedad Espaola para la Defensa del Patrimonio Geolgico y Minero becomes Boletn S.E.D.P.G.M.
f) the addition, deletion, or change of punctuation, including initialisms and letters with separating punctuation vs. those without separating punctuation, anywhere in the title;
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