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4770 Editorial comment: a resource with 8 unnumbered pages and 329 pages numbered 1-329.

. iv, [100] p.

Editorial comment: a resource containing 4 pages numbered i-iv and 100 unnumbered pages.

If the whole resource is unpaginated or unfoliated, either:

a) leaves or pages are counted together and the total is given in terms of leaves (if printed on one side) or pages (if printed on both sides) in arabic numerals enclosed in square brackets Example. [80] leaves or 4780 b) an estimate of the number of leaves or pages is made, and the total is given as an approximate number of leaves (if printed on one side) or pages (if printed on both sides).

Example. Ca 400 leaves For older monographic resources:

Any unnumbered page, leaf or column that forms a part of the resource as issued and is not counted as part of a sequence of pagination is counted according to the terms used otherwise to describe the resource. Both blank and printed pages or leaves are counted.

The number of such pages, leaves or columns is given in arabic numerals enclosed in square brackets.

4790 Examples. [8], 328 p.

Editorial comment: Extent statement for resource with 8 unnumbered pages and 328 pages numbered 1-328.

Unnumbered pages at the end of a sequence are given in arabic numerals enclosed in square brackets.

Examples. 93, [3] p.

. xv, [1], 160 p.

When any such unnumbered page, leaf or column is found within a numbered sequence, 4800 the first and last pages, leaves or columns are given for the surrounding material.

5.1-5 ISBD Example. 1-200, [8], 201-232 p.

Unnumbered pages in the beginning of a sequence are tacitly inferred.

Examples. 16 p.

Editorial comment: Extent statement for resource with 3 unnumbered pages and 13 pages numbered 4-. 328 p.

Editorial comment: Extent statement for resource with 8 unnumbered pages and 4810 320 pages numbered 9-Blank leaves are included in the pagination statement and noted within parentheses following the pagination statement when they have been established to form part of the gatherings of the resource being described. Only blank leaves that have been seen in extant copies may be included in the statement.

Examples. iv, [100] p. (p. 99-100 blank) Editorial comment: Extent statement for resource with 4 pages numbered i-iv and 100 unnumbered pages and the last leaf blank.

. iv, 96, [4] p. (last two p. blank) 4820 Editorial comment: Extent statement for a resource with pages numbered i-iv, 196 and an unnumbered fold of which the last leaf is blank.

When the complete extent cannot be inferred, the extent of imperfect copies is given by recording the numeration of the pages and/or leaves according to the provisions of 5.1.

However, p. or leaves and a plus sign are used preceding or following the statement of extent (e.g. 200 + p., p. + 41-200), or, in the case of unpaginated or unfoliated resources the provisions for such cases are used. In these cases, and when the extent of a complete copy has been inferred, an explanatory note is given.

5.1.4.1.6 If a resource contains more than three sequences of similarly numbered pages, leaves or columns, or sequences of similarly numbered pages combined with one or more major sequences of 4830 unnumbered pages, either:

a) The sequences are added up and given as a total followed by the words in various pagings (or the equivalent in another language).

Example. 1000 p. in various pagings Editorial comment: not: 48, 53, 99, 100, 200, 410, 90 p.

or b) When one of the sequences is clearly the main sequence, the number of that sequence is given with the total number in brackets of the other sequences preceding and/or succeeding as appropriate.

5.1-ISBD 2010 5.1.4.1.85.1.4.1.4840 Example. 400, [98] p.

Editorial comment: not: 400, 18, 10, 22, 28, 20 p.

or c) The specific material designation and extent of the resource is described as:

Examples. 1 vol. (various pagings). 1 score (various pagings). 1 portfolio For older monographic resources:

4850 If one of the sequences is significantly larger than the others, the extent of that sequence may be given followed by with various other pagings.

Example. 1 vol. (400 p. with various other pagings) Editorial comment: The sequences are: 400, 18, 12, 28 and 20 numbered pages and 18 unnumbered pages.

5.1.4.1.7 If the pages, leaves, columns, sheets, frames, etc., are numbered as part of a larger sequence, the numbers on the first and last subunit are recorded preceded by the word or abbreviation for the type of subunit.

Examples 4860. Leaves 81-. P. 713-. 1 filmstrip (fr. 120-143 (double fr.)) If the pages, leaves, columns, sheets, frames, etc., are numbered both internally and as part of a larger sequence, the internal numbering is recorded, and the numbering from the larger sequence is given in area 7 (see 7.5).

Examples. 1 filmstrip (24 double fr.) Note: Frames also numbered 120-143.

. 81 p.

4870 Note: Pages also numbered 321-5.1.4.1.8 If a resource contains pages or leaves of plates or other inserts not included in the numbering of the main sequence of pages or leaves, the number of pages or leaves of plates or other inserts is given at the end of the sequences of pagination, whether they are found together or distributed throughout the resource. If the pages or leaves of plates are unnumbered, the number is given in brackets.

5.1-5 ISBD Examples. 248 p., 24 leaves of plates. x, 32, 74 p., [1] leaf of plates. 248 p., 12 p. of plates. 248 p., 36 leaves of plates, 24 p. of plates 4880. 16 p., 28 p. of maps. 24 p., [16] leaves of genealogical tables. 1 score (246 p., 24 leaves of plates). 1 score (246 p., 38 leaves of plates, 24 p. of plates). 1 vocal score (246 p., 12 p. of plates). 1 atlas ([2] p., [32] leaves of plates) 5.1.4.2 Resources in more than one physical unit 5.1.4.2.1 Continuous pagination If a resource consists of more than one unit of the same physical form (i.e. more than one volume, filmstrip, portfolio, etc.) and the subunits are continuously numbered, the total number of pages, leaves, 4890 sheets, etc., is given as in 5.1.3.

Examples. 8 vol. (894 p.). 1 score in 8 vol. (894 p.) When only the first unit has a separately numbered sequence of preliminary pages, leaves or columns preceding the continuously paginated, foliated or column numbered main sequence, the pagination, foliation or column numeration of the preliminary and main sequences is given.

Example. 3 vol. (xx, 804 p.) Editorial comment: Preliminary sequence in vol. 1 only.

4900 When each unit has a sequence of preliminary pages or leaves preceding the continuously paginated or foliated main sequence and separately numbered, these sequences are added up and given as a total enclosed in square brackets.

Example. 8 vol. ([47], 894 p.) 5.1-ISBD 2010 5.1.5.15.1.5.For older monographic resources:

When each unit has a separately numbered sequence of preliminary pages, leaves or columns preceding the continuously paginated, foliated or column numbered main sequence, a complete record of sequences may be given in area 7.

Example 4910. 3 vol.

Note: Pagination of volumes: vol. 1: xx, 200 p.; vol. 2: xx p., p. 201-512;

vol. 3: xxi, [1] p., p. 513-5.1.4.2.2 Several paginations For resources consisting of more than one physical unit, if the units consist of individually numbered sequences of subunits (pages, leaves, frames, etc.), the numbers of subunits may be given, enclosed in parentheses, in addition to the number of units when this is considered important to users of the catalogue.

Examples. 3 filmstrips (60, 52, 58 fr.). 2 flipcharts (6, 8 sheets) 4920. 12 filmstrips. 5 vol. (31, 33, 49, 37, 18 p.). 2 portfolios (12, 18 leaves). 1 score in 5 vol. (31, 33, 49, 37, 18 p.). 1 vocal score in 2 vol. (x, 210 p.; v, 310 p.). 3 vol. (vi, 310 p.; vi, 434 p.; viii, 492 p.). 3 vol. (vi, 310 p., 20 leaves of plates; viii, 432 p., 32 leaves of plates; x, 490 p., leaves of plates) If it is considered necessary to record the presence of plates, but not the pagination of each volume, these may be given in parentheses.

4930 Example. 4 vol. (with 24 leaves of plates) 5.1.5 Playing time 5.1.5.1 The extent of any resource having an inherent durational aspect is recorded in terms of playing time. Optionally, for motion pictures and videorecordings, the physical length of the film may be added to the statement of playing time.

Example. 1 film reel (22 min, 577 m) 5.1-5 ISBD 5.1.5.2 The playing time recorded is normally that of the whole resource. It is recorded as given on the resource, its container, or accompanying material. When no indication of duration is given, an 4940 approximation of the playing time may be recorded. If it is impossible to give either a precise statement of playing time or an approximation, the statement is omitted.

Examples. 1 videocassette (U-matic) (ca 60 min). 1 sound reel (37 min, 18 s). 1 sound cartridge (90 min). 1 sound disc (ca 50 min). 1 film loop (4 min, 20 s). 1 DVD-Video (114 min) 5.1.5.3 If a resource consists of more than one unit of the same physical form (i.e. more than one 4950 disc, cassette, etc.), each of which has its own statement of playing time, the playing times of the individual units are recorded instead of that of the whole resource.

Examples. 3 sound reels (25, 30, 27 min). 2 sound cassettes (30, 90 min). 3 sound discs (50, 55, 50 min) 5.1.5.4 If a resource contains two or more works, the playing times of the individual works, if given on the resource, are recorded in area 7 (see 7.10.1). Such a note may be combined with the contents note (see 7.7). When the playing times of individual works are recorded in area 7, the playing time of the whole resource may be omitted from the physical description area.

4960 5.1.6 Resources issued in fascicles If a resource is issued in fascicles intended to be bound into one or more physical units, the number of pages, leaves and/or volumes is given in terms appropriate to its final form, with a note indicating that it was issued in fascicles.

5.1-ISBD 2010 5.2.3.25.2.3.5.2 Other physical details 5.2.1 The second element of the physical description area is a statement specifying other physical characteristics of the resource, such as method of production, colour, material from which the resource is made, etc. Any characteristic implicit in the specific material designation is omitted; for example, the characteristic sd. (see 5.2.6) is not given for a sound recording nor is ill. (see 5.2.3.1) given for visual 4970 resources.

The specifications constituting other physical details are presented as appropriate in the following order.

5.2.2 Statements relating to the material of which the resource is composed A word or phrase indicating the material of which the resource is composed may be given.

Examples. 1 globe : wood. 1 sound reel (27 min) : paper. 1 diorama : various materials. 1 microfilm reel : diazo. 1 film reel (11 min) : nitrate 4980. 1 map : transparency 5.2.3 Statement relating to the presence of illustrations 5.2.3.1 When a resource is illustrated, the abbreviation ill. (or its equivalent in another language) may be given after the specific material statement. Minor illustrations may be disregarded.

Example. 8 vol. : ill.

5.2.3.2 Particular types of illustrations Particular types of illustration (e.g. maps, plans, facsimiles, portraits, music) may be specified after the abbreviation ill. (or its equivalent).

Examples 4990 : ill., maps : ill., facs.

When particular types of illustrations are specified and these are the only illustrations in the resource, the abbreviation ill. (or its equivalent) is omitted.

Examples : maps, plans : facsim.

5.2-5 ISBD 5.2.3.3 Number of illustrations The number of illustrations, or of a particular type of illustration, may be given.

Examples 5000 : 31 ill.

: ill., 17 facs.

: 12 maps When a resource consists mainly or entirely of illustrations, this may be noted in the illustration statement.

Examples : all ill.

: chiefly maps : chiefly ill.

5.2.4 Presence of colour 5.2.4.1 Texts with illustrations 5010 When some or all of the illustrations are coloured, this may be noted. If only some of the illustrations are in colour and this is to be specified, the information is given in parentheses.

Examples : col. ill.

: ill., 31 col. maps : ill. (some col.) : 31 maps (some col.) 5.2.4.2 Visual resources The colour characteristics of a visual resource are given as appropriate. The abbreviations col. or b&w (or their equivalents in another language) are used, or not more than three specific colours are 5020 given. For microscope slides the presence of staining is indicated.

Examples : col.

: b&w : wood, blue and white : transparency, col.

: stained A resource having both colour and black and white sequences is so described.

5.2-ISBD 2010 5.2.6.35.2.6.Examples. 1 film reel (20 min) : col. with b&w sequences 5030. 1 filmstrip (64 fr.) : col. and b&w 5.2.4.3 Electronic resources If a resource displays in two or more colours or is known to produce two or more colours, the abbreviation col., or its equivalent in another language, is given.

Examples. 2 electronic tape cassettes : col.

. 1 CD-I : col., sd.

. 1 CD-ROM : col. and b&w 5.2.5 Reduction ratio (microforms) 5.2.5.1 An indication of the reduction ratio is given for microforms having a reduction outside the 5040 standard range 16x30x. Where possible the ratio is expressed numerically.

Examples. 1 microfilm reel : diazo, 14x. 6 microfiches : silver halide, 150x 5.2.5.2 The terms low reduction (up to 15x), high reduction (31x60x), very high reduction (61x90x) and ultra-high reduction (91x and upwards) or their equivalents in another language or script are used in cases where the reduction ratio cannot be specified exactly.

5.2.6 Presence or absence of sound 5.2.6.1 The abbreviations sd. (for sound) or si. (for silent) (or their equivalents in another language) are given as appropriate for materials of which integral sound may be a feature and for which 5050 the presence of sound is not implicit in the specific material designation.

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