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4.3-ISBD 2010 4.3.4190 A note may be given in area 7 explaining the source of the date and including a transcription of the chronogram.

Examples, [1788] Note: Date given in a chronogram in the title Editorial comment: Title reads: NoMIna CLerI IVnIorIs HVngarICI eX benIgno faVore Caesareo regIo In arCe PosonIensI CoLLoCatI.

, [1694] Note: Date given in a chronogram in the publication statement Editorial comment: Publication statement reads: Hamburgi Typis Thom Rossii.

4200 Anno, quo VIX fas SVperI qVCVnqVe MonetIs proDere nos popVLIs!...

Dates given in roman numerals are transcribed as they appear, omitting internal spaces.The Gregorian year is supplied in arabic numerals enclosed in square brackets.

Example, M.DC.IIII. [1604] Editorial comment: Imprint date reads: M. DC. IIII.

Dates not of the Gregorian calendar, and statements of the day of publication or printing in terms other than those of the calendar month, are given as found on the resource. The equivalent date or dates in modern chronology are supplied enclosed in square brackets.

Examples 4210, die visitationis Beatae Virginis Mariae 1497 [2 July 1497], die natalis Christi 1498 [25 Dec. 1498], 1507 on the feast of Saint Luke [18 Oct. 1507] Dates of the Christian era based on commencement of the year on both 1 January and another date are given as found, with a slash between the numerals. The date according to the modern calendar may be added, enclosed in square brackets.

Examples, 1690/, 1690/1691 [1691], 2/13 Sept. 4220 When the year of publication, printing, etc., found on the resource is based on a calendar year that does not begin 1 January and when the resource is known to have been published in the following year according to the present calendar, the later year is added enclosed in square brackets. Julian calendar dates of the month are not amended. An explanatory note is given in area 7.

4.3-4 ISBD Examples, id. Mart. 1502 [15 Mar. 1503] Note: Date according to the Julian calendar corresponds to 15 March in the Gregorian calendar, 1641 [1642] 4230 Note: Year of publication given according to Lady Day dating 4.3.5 When the date that appears on the resource is known to be incorrect or appears in an alternative form, it is given as it appears and the corrected or alternative form is given enclosed in square brackets.

Examples, 1697 [i.e. 1967], 1905 [i.e. 1950]-, 1963 [i.e. 1971], 1892 [ 1982] For older monographic resources:

4240 If a date from the title page has been transcribed as the publication date and evidence for a later date of publication appears in a source other than the title page, that date is supplied enclosed in square brackets as a correction and an explanatory note is given in area 7 to indicate that the correction is a differing date of publication and not the correction of a typographical error.

Example, 1786 [i.e. 1788] Note: Dedication and preface both dated 4.3.6 A copyright date is added to the date of publication, production or distribution when considered important to users of the catalogue.

4250 Examples, 1969, cop., 1972, cop., 1995, For older monographic resources:

A privilege or copyright date may be given in area 7 when considered important to users of the catalogue.

Example, Note: Privilege statement on page 4 dated 4.3-ISBD 2010 4.3.4260 4.3.7 When there is no date of publication, production or distribution on the resource, the copyright date, legal deposit date, or date of printing or manufacture is given in its place. The type of date is indicated.

Examples, , 1981 printing, 1986 manufacture, 1960 printing- Editorial comment: Current continuing resource.

, cop. 1970- 4270 Editorial comment: Current continuing resource.

,,, D.L. For older monographic resources:

When there is no date of publication in the resource, the date of granting of a privilege to print, or copyright date, if known, is given in its place enclosed in square brackets. An explanation is given in area 7.

Example, [1719] 4280 Note: Privilege to print granted in 1719, according to privilege statement on page For sound recordings:

P (phonogram) dates are transcribed with the sound recording copyright symbol () if available or with the letter P in either upper or lower case.

, P, 1985- Editorial comment: Current continuing resource.

, p 4290 For multimedia resources and electronic resources:

When there are multiple copyright dates that apply to various aspects in the production of the resource (e.g. a separate copyright date for the written program, sound production, graphics, and documentation) and there is no date of publication, production or distribution on the resource applying to the resource as a whole, the latest copyright date is 4.3-4 ISBD given. It does not matter that the date applies only to one aspect of the creation of the resource. (See also 4.3.11.) Example, cop. Editorial comment: Date is for the written program; other earlier copyright dates 4300 are for sound and documentation.

4.3.8 When no date of publication, production or distribution, copyright date or date of printing or manufacture can be ascertained for the resource, an approximate date of publication, production or distribution is given in square brackets. Unknown digits in the date may be indicated by a symbol chosen by the cataloguing agency. Any evidence supporting the approximate date may be given in area 7.

Examples, [1969], [196-], [1560], [ca 1560] 4310, [not after 21 Aug. 1492], [between 1711 and 1715], [1727 or 1760], [16..], [1969]-, [196-]-, [ca 1835]-, [1980 1981] For older monographic resources:

When no date of publication or printing appears on the resource, but the date can be 4320 determined from internal evidence or from reference works, such a date is given enclosed in square brackets. The source of the date is given in area 7. When no date of publication can be ascertained for the resource, an approximate date of publication, printing, etc., is given enclosed in square brackets. Any internal evidence or evidence from reference works supporting the approximate date is given in area 7.

Examples, [1560], [ca 1580], [ca 1580], [not before 1479] 4.3-ISBD 2010 4.3.10.4330, [not after 21 Aug. 1492], [1727 or 1728], [between 1711 and 1749], [between 1711 and 1749], [167-], [167-], [16--], [16--], [1795] Title proper: The circular letter, to the General Baptist churches for the 4340 year 1795.

4.3.9 The copyright date or date of printing or manufacture may be given after a supplied or estimated date of publication.

Examples, [1988], cop., [198-], cop. 4.3.10 Resources published in multiple issues, parts, iterations, etc.

4.3.10.1 Beginning date of publication The date of publication of the earliest issue, iteration, volume, part or fascicle is given, followed by a hyphen.

4350 Examples, 1969-, 1965- In area 3: Vol. 5, no. 7 (July 1963)- Editorial comment: Date of publication differs from date of coverage.

4.3.10.2 Ending date of publication When describing a completed resource, the dates of publication of the earliest issue, iteration, volume, part or fascicle and the last issue, iteration, volume, part or fascicle are given, separated by a hyphen.

Examples, 1968-4360, 1513-4.3-4 ISBD For updating looseleafs:

The date of the last update is given if available.

Example, 1990-1995 [last updated 1999] When the earliest issue, iteration, volume, part or fascicle and the last issue, iteration, volume, part or fascicle of the resource are published in the same year, the date of publication is given once.

Examples, In area 3: . 1 (17 . 1962 .)-. 21 (10 . 1962 .) 4370, In area 3: Vol. 1, pt. 1 (Dec. 1989) Note: No further issues published 4.3.10.3 Uncertain or unknown dates When the description is being made from issues or parts other than the first and/or last, the date or dates of publication of the first and/or last issue or part may be given in area 4 enclosed in square brackets if found in a national bibliography or other authoritative source or if they can be readily ascertained (see 4.3.8).

, [1969]-, [2004]- Editorial comment: Date inferred from date in area 3.

4380 If the date or dates of publication of the first and/or last issue or part are not available, they are omitted from area 4. In such a case, information about the dates of publication may be given in area 7 (see 7.4.1).

When describing a completed resource for which the earliest issue, iteration, volume, part or fascicle is not available, the date of publication of the last issue, iteration, volume, part or fascicle is given if known, preceded by a hyphen.

Example, -4.3.10.4 Irregularities Notes about irregularities in the dates of a resource, such as when the lowest numbered part is not the part with the earliest date of publication, may be given in area 7.

4390 4.3.11 Resources with multiple dates For older monographic resources:

When parts of a resource have individual title pages bearing dates that differ from that of the title page for the whole resource, these dates are recorded in area 7. However, if one of these dates is a more accurate reflection of the actual date of publication than the date pertaining to the whole resource, it should be given as a correction as instructed in 4.3.5.

4.3-ISBD For multimedia resources, sound recordings, videorecordings, still and moving images, and electronic resources:

When copyright dates are given for each work brought together in a resource such as a sound recording or an electronic resource, these dates are not transcribed in the 4400 publication, production, distribution, etc., area. They may be given either in a note on the publication, production, distribution, etc., area (see 7.4), or in a contents note (see 7.7); or the multilevel method of description provided in Appendix A may be utilized.

4.3-ISBD 2010 4.4.4.4 Place of printing or manufacture 4.4.1 The place of printing or manufacture is given when it appears on the resource and both the place of publication, production or distribution and the name of the publisher, producer or distributor are unknown.

When the information is taken from outside the resource it is enclosed in square brackets.

4410 Examples. [S.l.] : [s.n.], 1974 (Manchester : Unity Press). [S.l.] : [s.n.], 1980- (Asnires : Kopp et Lahure). [S.l.] : [s.n.], 1960 (Paris : impr. Michard). [S.l.] : [s.n.], 1970 (London : High Fidelity Sound Studios). [S.l.] : [s.n.], 1996 (Seattle : Landmark Data Systems). [S.l.] : [s.n.], [1869] (Mxico : Imp. de Juan Nepomuceno del Vaele [i.e. Valle]). [] : [], 1963 ([] : ). [] : [], 1997 ( : ) For older monographic resources:

4420 The place of printing or manufacture is given in those instances where printer and publisher are grammatically separated or distinct.

The place or places of printing are mandatory when they appear on the resource, but not on a prescribed source of information for the place of publication, production and/or distribution, or name of publisher, producer, and/or distributor elements. When this information does not appear on the resource, but is known and considered important to users of the catalogue, it may be given.

4.4.2 When the place of printing or manufacture appears on the resource, it may be given in addition to either one or both of the following: the place of publication, production and/or distribution and the name of the publisher, producer and/or distributor.

4430 Examples. Stuttgart ; Zurich : Delphin Verlag, 1973 (Yugoslavia). London : IFLA Committee on Cataloguing, 1975 (London : Palantype Organisation). Leipzig : Breitkopf & Hrtel, 1977 (Jugoslawien). Firenze : Scala, 1969 (Siena : Meini). Urbana, Ill. : University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Laboratory for Advanced Supercomputers, 1995 (Tokyo : Zishi). Paris : Ministre de l'Intrieur, 1979 (Bourges : Tardy Quercy) 4.4-4 ISBD. Buenos Aires : Javier Vergara, 2002 (Barcelona : Liberdplex). London : Chapman and Hall, 1976 (London : Mercury) 4440 For older monographic resources:

The place or places of printing are given in the same way as the place or places of publication, production and/or distribution Examples. A Paris : chez Nyon l'an, 1781 ([Paris] : de l'imprimerie de la veuve Thiboust) Note: Printer named in colophon. Francofurti : prostat apud Ionam Rosarn, 1616 ([Frankfurt] : [Abraham Scultetus]) Editorial comment: Printer not named in the resource.

4450. [Parrhisiis] : venales inveniuntur in vico sancti Iacobi apud Leonem Argenteum [Johannem Petit], 1508 (Parrhisiis : impressae in Bellovisu [apud] Johannem Marchant) Note: Petit's name, the place, date and the statement of printing are taken from the colophon. Venundatur Parrhisiis : in vico sancti Iacobi sub Leone Argenteo, Jehan Petit, [ca 1509] ([Paris] : [Jean Marchant]) Note: The last leaf bears the device of the printer. Petit's name appears in a device on the title page 4.4.3 When multiple places of printing or manufacture are given, the same punctuation is used as 4460 for multiple places of publication, production and/or distribution.

4.4-ISBD 2010 4.5.4.5 Name of printer or manufacturer 4.5.1 The name of the printer or manufacturer is given when it appears on the resource and both the place of publication, production and/or distribution and the name of the publisher, producer and/or distributor are unknown.

When the information is taken from outside the resource it is enclosed in square brackets.

For examples, see 4.4.1.

For older monographic resources:

4470 The name of the printer or manufacturer is given in those instances where printer and publisher are grammatically separated or distinct.

The place or places of printing and the names of the printer or printers are mandatory when they appear on the resource, but not on a prescribed source of information for the place of publication, production, and/or distribution, or name of publisher, producer and/or distributor elements. When this information does not appear on the resource, but is known and considered important to users of the catalogue, it may be given.

4.5.2 When the name of the printer or manufacturer appears on the resource, it may be given in addition to either one or both of the following: the place of publication, production and/or distribution and the name of the publisher, producer and/or distributor.

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