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Examples. [1:7 200]. 1 pouce pour 100 toises. Scale [1:63 360]. 1 inch to 1 mile 3.1.1.5 When there is no numeric or verbal statement of scale, the representative fraction is derived from a bar scale, a graticule (i.e. from 1 of latitude that on average is 111 kilometres) or grid, or by comparison with a map of known scale, and is enclosed in square brackets.

Examples. [1:1 800 000 env.] 3170 Editorial comment: Representative fraction computed from bar scale.

. Scale [ca 1:277 740] Editorial comment: Representative fraction computed from graticule.

. [ 1:432 000]. [ 1:100 000] 3.1.1.6 When the resource is not drawn or constructed to scale, the phrase Not drawn to scale or its equivalent in another language is substituted for a statement of scale.

3.1.1.7 When the scale of the resource is not given on the resource, the phrase Scale indeterminable or its equivalent in another language is substituted for a statement of scale. The phrase 3.1-ISBD 2010 3.1.3.Scale not given or its equivalent in another language may be used when the scale might be determined 3180 but the cataloguing agency chooses not to make the determination.

3.1.1.8 When a vertical scale is appropriate, such as on relief models, this scale is recorded following the horizontal scale. The vertical scale is specified.

Examples. Scale 1:1 744 080. Vertical scale [ca 1:96 000]. 1:100 000. chelle altimtrique 1:100. 1:1 744 080. 1:96. 1:100 000. 1:100 3.1.1.9 The scale for celestial charts is expressed as an angular scale in millimetres per degree.

Example 3190. Scale 88 mm per 1 3.1.2 Statement of projection 3.1.2.1 The statement of projection may be recorded when present on the resource. When identified from other sources, the statement of projection may be supplied in square brackets.

3.1.2.2 The statement of projection consists of the name of the projection. Associated phrases related to the statement of projection may be added. Such phrases usually consist of statements pertaining to properties of the projection applicable only to the resource described (e.g. as regards meridians and parallels). Standard abbreviations may be used.

Examples ; proj. conique conforme de Lambert scante aux parallles 48 et 77 3200 ; proj. conique conforme de Lambert, parallles d'chelle conserve 45 et 49 ; proj. de Mercator transverse universelle, ellipsoide de Clarke ; conic equidistant proj., standard parallels 40 and 21 N ; transverse Mercator proj., 10 000 yards India Zone I grid, Everest spheroid ; azimuthal equidistant proj. centered on Nicosia, N 3510, E 333.1.3 Statement of coordinates and equinox 3.1.3.1 Coordinates Mandatory The coordinates delimit the greatest extent of the area covered and are recorded when present on the resource, or may be supplied when known and considered important to users of the catalogue.

3210 3.1.3.2 For terrestrial maps, the coordinates are given in the following order:

3.1-3 ISBD westernmost extent (longitude) easternmost extent (longitude) northernmost extent (latitude) southernmost extent (latitude) Longitude and latitude are expressed in degrees (), minutes () and seconds () of the sexagesimal system (360 circle); longitude is always taken from the Greenwich prime meridian.

The degrees, minutes and seconds of longitudes and latitudes are preceded by the appropriate initials for West (W), East (E), North (N) and South (S) or their equivalents in another language or script. The two sets of longitude and latitude are separated from each other by a diagonal slash not preceded or followed 3220 by a space. Each longitude or latitude is separated from its counterpart by a dash, not preceded or followed by a space.

Examples (E 79E 86/N 20N 12) (E 11030'E 12030'/N 2515'N 2210') (E 1500'00"E 1730'45"/N 130'12"S 230'35") (W 7450'W 7440'/N 455'N 4500') (W 02'37"E 00'35"/N 445'30"N 4345'00") Maps of other celestial bodies, such as the Earths moon, may have coordinates recorded as appropriate to the given celestial bodys coordinate system.

3230 Coordinates may be recorded as decimal degrees.

Example (W 95.15W 74.35/N 56.85N 41.73) 3.1.3.3 Right ascension and declination For celestial charts, the right ascension of the centre of the chart, or the right ascensions of the western and eastern limits of the area covered by the chart, and the declination of the centre of the chart, or the declinations of the northern and southern limits of the area covered, are given as coordinates.

The right ascension is designated by RA or its equivalent in another language, followed by the hours, and, when necessary, minutes and seconds of the twenty-four hour clock.

The declination is designated by Decl. or its equivalent in another language, followed by the degrees () 3240 and, when necessary, minutes () and seconds () of the sexagesimal system (360 circle), using a plus sign (+) for the northern celestial hemisphere and a minus sign (-) for the southern celestial hemisphere.

The right ascensions and declinations are separated from each other by a diagonal slash not preceded or followed by a space. When two right ascensions and two declinations are given, each right ascension or declination is linked to its counterpart by the word to or its equivalent in another language.

3.1.3.4 Equinox When coordinates are given, the statement of equinox may also be given. The equinox is expressed as a year preceded by equinox or its equivalent in another language. A statement for the epoch is added 3.1-ISBD when it is known to differ from the equinox, and both are separated with a comma; the epoch is designated by epoch or its equivalent in another language.

3250 Examples (RA 16 h 30 min to 19 h 30 min/Decl. -16 to -49 ; equinox 1950, epoch 1948) (RA 16 h/Decl. -23 ; equinox 1950) (RA 2 h/Decl. +30 ; equinox 1950) (RA 2 h 00 min to 2 h 30 min/Decl. -30 to 45 ; equinox 1950) (+30 ; ( + 40 ; 1948) For charts centred on a pole, the declination limit is indicated.

Example (Centred at South Pole/Decl. limit -60) 3.1-ISBD 2010 3.2.1.3.2 Music format statement (Notated music) Mandatory Area 3 for notated music resources includes the music format statement and parallel music format statements. The music format statement is a term or phrase representing the physical form of presentation of a notated music resource. Details of the physical units of the resource are given in the physical description area (see 5.1).

Contents 3.2.1 Music format statement 3.2.2 Parallel music format statement 3270 Prescribed punctuation A. The musical format statement is preceded by a point, space, dash, space (. ).

B. Each parallel music format statement is preceded by a space, equals sign, space ( = ).

Prescribed sources The resource itself, with the following preferred order of sources: title page, first page of music, other preliminaries, cover, colophon, the rest of the resource. Information taken from a source other than the resource is given in square brackets if it is recorded in this area.

3.2.1 Transcription 3.2.1.1 The music format statement is given in the terms in which it appears on the resource.

Explanatory phrases added at the end of a music format statement are included when they are considered 3280 important to users of the catalogue. Further explanations may be given in area 7 (see 7.3.2).

Examples. Full score. Orchester-Partitur. Partitur mit untergelegtem Klavierauszug. Score and set of parts. Partition, reproduction du manuscrit de l'auteur. Miniature score. Partitur [und Solostimme] 3.2.1.2 When no music format statement appears on the resource, a suitable statement may be 3290 supplied, enclosed in square brackets, in the language and script of the title proper or in the language and script chosen by the cataloguing agency.

Example. [Partition et parties] 3.2-3 ISBD 3.2.2 Parallel music format statement When a resource bears music format statements in more than one language or script, the statement appearing first is given as the music format statement. A parallel statement may be given. If it is not given, no indication is made of the omission.

Example. Jtszpartitra = Playing score 3.2-ISBD 2010 3.3.3 Numbering (Serials) Mandatory The numbering area consists of the numbers and/or dates of coverage of the first and/or last issue or part of a serial.

The dates given in area 3 may or may not coincide with the dates of publication given in area 4.

If the first and/or last issue or part is not available, any information about the first and/or last issue or part may be given in area 7 (see 7.3.3.2). The area is omitted if both the first and last issues or parts are not available. When the description is not based on the first and/or last issue or part, information about the issue or issues or part or parts used is given in area 7 (see 7.9).

3310 Numbering data other than that relating to the first and/or last issue or part may also be given in area 7 (see 7.3.3).

Prescribed punctuation A. The numbering area is preceded by a point, space, dash, space (. ).

B. A hyphen (-) after the number and/or date of the first issue or part of the serial links this numbering to the number and/or date of the last issue or part of the serial, or indicates that the serial is continuing. If only the number and/or date of the last issue or part is given, the number and/or date is preceded by a hyphen (-).

C. When there is an issue or part number and a date, the date is enclosed in parentheses ( ( ) ) after the number unless the number is a division of the date (see 3.3.3).

3320 D. The second and each subsequent system of numbering used in the same issues as the first one is preceded by a space, equals sign, space ( = ).

E. A new sequence of numbering is preceded by a space, semicolon, space ( ; ).

Punctuation patterns. Date of the first issue or partdate of the last issue or part. Date of the first issue or part-. Number of the first issue or part-number of the last issue or part. Number of the first issue or part-. Number of the first issue or part (date of the first issue or part)-number of the last issue or part (date of the last issue or part) 3330. Number of the first issue or part (date of the first issue or part)-. -number of the last issue or part (date of the last issue or part). Number of the first issue or part-number of the last issue or part = other number of the first issue or part-other number of the last issue or part. Number of the first issue or part-number of the last issue or part ; number of the first issue or part using a new sequence of numbering-number of its last issue or part 3.3-3 ISBD. Number of the first issue or part-number of the last issue or part ; statement of the new sequence, number of its first issue or part-number of its last issue or part Prescribed source The resource itself.

3340 3.3.1 Transcription 3.3.1.1 Numbering data are given in the form as they appear on the issue or part, except that arabic numerals are given in place of other numerals or spelled-out numbers. These are given with the designation of issue or part, if any, or equivalent in a standard abbreviated form and in hierarchical order.

If a number or date on the issue or part includes more than one number, month, year, etc., separated by a hyphen, a slash is used in place of the hyphen to avoid confusion with the hyphen that separates the designations of the first and last issues.

Examples. 1980/1981-. 1999/2000- 3350 Editorial comment: Designation appears on issue as: 1999-2000.

. Aug./Sept. 1970- Editorial comment: Designation appears on issue as: August-September 1970.

. No. 1/2- Editorial comment: Designation appears on issue as: Number 1-2.

Incomplete, inaccurate, or misspelled data are completed or corrected by inserting the missing information or by giving the correct version, enclosed in square brackets.

Examples. [19]76-. Vol. 1 ([19]83)- 3360. 1986 [i.e. 1968]-. Vol. 20 [i.e. 21] (1846)- 3.3.1.2 Dates not of the Gregorian calendar are recorded as given on the source of information. The equivalent dates of the Gregorian calendar are added in square brackets if they do not appear on the resource.

Examples. 1353 [1979]-. No 1 (22 haha 85 E.P. [27 oct. 1957])-. No 1 (3 niv. an 6 [23 dc. 1797])- 3.3.2 When the issues or parts of a serial are identified by only a number or a date, the numbering 3370 or date of the first issue or part is recorded.

3.3-ISBD 2010 3.3.Examples. Vol. 1-. Bd. 1-. 1925-. 15 Jan. 1970-. Mai 1972-. 1916 ed.-. 2e trimestre 1973-. 1- 3380. 1- 3.3.3 When the issues or parts of a serial are identified by a number and a date, both these elements that appear on the first issue or part are recorded. The number precedes the date.

Examples. Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1971)-. Vol. 1 (1960)-. 1 (211)-. 1 1 (1980 1)- However, when the number is a division of the date, the number is generally given after the date.

Examples 3390. 1971, no. 1 (Jan. 1971)-. 1967, no. 1-. [19]85, 1- Editorial comment: Numbering appears on issue as 1-85.

3.3.4 When a serial is a continuation of one or more other serials (see A.2.6), the number and/or date given is that of the first issue or part of the new serial.

Examples. Bd. 5 (1957/63)-. 6 (1963)- 3.3.5 When there are designations in more than one language or script on the issue or part, the 3400 designation appearing in the language and script of the title proper is given; if this criterion does not apply, the first is given. The parallel designations may also be given.

3.3-3 ISBD Examples. Vol. 20- or. Vol. 20- = T. 20- = Bd. 20-. 1976, broj 1 (1 siecenj = 1 jan)- 3.3.6 When the numbering system on the source contains more than one numeric and/or chronological designation in different calendars, all the numbers and designations are given in area 3.

Examples 3410. Bd. 1, Nr. 1 (Frhling 1970)- = Nr. 1-. Vol. 6, no. 2- = Vol. 13, no. 3 (Mar. 1969)- Editorial comment: Each issue continues the numbering of the two predecessor titles.

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