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Aop poep peeoo pa X(i) N a caoapoc aaec paee pa X(i) a M pax epao, pe ae pax epaax oaac eac. Bcc cacece apaep pa aoo epaa. oe opay peeo p oeo apaepo Yi, e 1< i< M. ae peeo p oeo poepec a ae pea c oo eoa aex apao eapaepecx pepe, aoee o oopx ec pep epc. Ec pe oe cyecye, o p paccapaec a ecaoap o o oee.

Paoococooc peoeo cce opo oe coco oopyoa a oepea ceo poco ca, poee co Heeaco P, p ype pa ao ae. p ype epoypo, aapoac cep oea ae pooo oc, c epao cpeoc =130c. Peya oaa, o ee eco pooooco cep oea, e ecy ocoo opa. p ypo ype oee ee cepa oea ae o aye ope, paoo coco ooa, ocopeoo oce eo oea, ycaoe oa pe pao cce ypoyp-ooo, ocae cepee oe.

eoc poecca ype, paoaoo cooa ypoypo, pyoo aooo oopyoa o oo opeeec eoxoo oceo apyo papye opo opo. epeaa oceo apy a ooo caa c ypaee p eoo opa ycox eopeeeoc. ooy, poee pocoe cceoa cyax oea oceo apy acoc o ee coco yoo ypooo oopyoa. a c oceo apy, ecye a ypoyp c eo paeco xapaepco, oeac oea ae pooo oc.

Peya aao oaa, o aoy ae apy cooecye co peoaaa acoa cepa ae, c yeee apy a ooo peoaaa acoa ceaec copoy x aco. C poco oea apa, yeaec epa oppe poecc popeae cya xapaep.

ao ae, c ca co cex eeo ooo ypo oo, cae ce apy, cae c paoo ooa oo. Ec coca ooo oe ec acoc o yco ype, o ocpy ae ocaec eeo, xo coep ae oeaee cce, a opyc, a ocey oopy.

C o pe aocpoa execoo coco ypoypa, ocooe ae yeec yy oceo oop. By ee oocyeaoc, ao a a pocxo pacpeeee apy ey ee eea, oo oe ee ee execoo coco o cepy oea ae pooo oc.

cceoa poee O Heapoceea a a ypoo, a ypo exe. caoeo, o epaoepoc pacpeee oceo apy o cye oceo peoeaeco oop eo ce ee x oeoy ocy, yee poaoc ypoypa. Cep oea ae oc epc epo ocee epae ype pee cceyex ee c pa oeco cyee. Peya aao oaa a acoc ey eo oceoo oca e cepo oea ae, ocoeoc ex ee, y oopx aac epaoep oc co p e oee 1,5. a acoc, ooe cea o o oooc peypoa paoepoo pacpeee oceo apy a ooo o opa o cepe oea ae oc, cpyeoo a yce ca.

p ype ca O Opeypeoo aapoaac oooc oe coco ooa p poopo ype, o cya oea paaeo oea acax c oo aopa pyeo oea poopa c e poo a MP-5. Cep oea oea y ooo ooa ee po pae cec a acoe ocoo apo. oc ooa copooaec eee cacecx xapaepc caa. o epe oca epepx ye caaec cec cepa oea, yeac eo aeaecoe oae cepc, a p oce oop ae apoe pocxo ceee ocoo aco cepa oea oea. oo x cceoa c papaoa cocoa oe paoococooc opoopapyaeo cpyea, ocoaoo a ee aeceo xapaepc o cepy oea pyeo oea o oeceoy pep, opeeeoy a ooee ooce cepo aae oe aoo oe.

Aa cyax oea exooecx apaepo poecca ype opayeae pace ocox xapaepc caoapx cyax poecco: ooc epooc, cpeeo, cepc, oppeoo cepao y.

B cyae caoapoc pooc cyaoo poecca cpe aao oppeoo y oe pecae e x0 xm + xN -m xN N -m- = ( + xn xn+m ), (1) xm N - m n=e N oee co oceo ae cyaoo poecca a epae ae T;

m ey oep ocea ae oppeoo y;

n ey oep oea ae cyaoo poecca.

Paccae a opao ae, apocpyc eopeeco acoc. exooecx poecco p ype ca y apao ec cooae y a ( ) = Dx exp(- ) cos( ) (2) x e Dx cepc poecca;

- apaep, xapaepy cee ayxa po x();

- cpe acoa oea y x().

apaep opac o eoy aex apao. p o pyec yoa a - K (, ))2 M -XM XM (, ) = ( + (3) (K - K (, ))Xm Xm m=e M acaoe aee m (M << N).

Ma yoaa (3) oe ocyecea pa ce eoa. Ta a co ae xm ooceo eeo (M <

Cepaa ooc cec o ae ae oppeoo y. p eoo ope o eo ec eceo oo.

pyo oxo oee cepao ooc ocoa a eocpeceo ee opeee o cpe ae cyaoo poecca.

Apocpoa oyey cooyoc ae cepao ooc oo eopeeco acoc S () = Dx 2 +, (4) x - ( + )2 + ( - ) Peya aao oaa, o cpey yoao acoce (2) (4) e c eo pae. ooy ae apye peooeac ye coeco apoca oppeoo y cepao ooc cceyeoo cyaoo poecca.

Moocee cceoa cyax oea exooecx apaepo ype c oopeeo oeo coco yoo oopyoa ocoo ax T-Ļ, paoo aao Cp Taapcaa oo ceye aooepoc pecaee a pcye 2.

S(w), S(w), w,-w,- Pcyo 2 Xapaepe cep oea ae pooo oc paoo coco cce T-Ļ pa 1 xapaepa paoococooo coco cce ypoyp-ooo, cep oea yoooc c po paeo ayo a peoaae acoe.

B poecce cyaa cce T-Ļ cep oea (peoaaa acoa) ceaec oac oee cox aco c oo eo eee o aye (pa 2). oa ccea T-Ļ axoc peaapo coco, peoaaa acoa peo yeaec, o o eoo ya (pa 3).

Xapaepe op px cepa oea ae p aece aocecx pao p oee coco yoo oopyoa.

caoe cyecee o cepax oea ae p ype epx x opo, a p ype pa ao ae p pox pax ycox, oaae e cocoe ooa, pe ype.

oe ocoepoc aocpoa cce T-Ļ, poe opo a xapaepo ee po cepa oea ae, papaoa oece pep - S S = S1 / S2 Si = ai bi, (5) e S pep aocpoa;

S1, S2 oa cepa aae oe ype;

Si eya oa cepa;

ai aee oppoao cepao ooc p peoaae acoe eyeo cepa;

bi pa eyeo cepa.

Aa o pep aocpoa (S) pooc p ceyx ycox. paoo aao Cp: a epaa ype 4001160 1160-2020, ooo III-215,9M-B, ypoyp 3TC1-195, pacea ecoc cpe eac peeax 0,0028-0,0350 pa/.

ca, poypex Aeec P: epa 400-1200, ooo III-215,9T-H, ypoyp 3TC1-195, a epaa 1200-1800 ooo III-215,9 T-H, oo ae 1-195 ecoc cpe x ca 0,0012-0,0492 pa/.

ocpoe oppeoo-pepeccoe oe ooe oe e coa yo oopye a apoe ooa, ecoc cpe coa ca cee x aoo oec a pep aocpoa. B peyae opeee aoe ae pep peaapoo coco cce T-Ļ, oope coca SI = 1,43 SII = 1,51 x opo, SI = 1,11, SII = 1, epx paypaex opo. p oce x aox ae ceye peoeoa ypy pa peee o oee cpyea.

Boooc epepoaoo oxoa oee coco cce T-Ļ a oyea oce oo, a poaapoa cep oea ae, acpoa oe opa ypo oo o ao, ocoo p poe ca. B o cyae cep oea ae xapaepye execoe cocoe aooo ae, ca e ooa pae o ypoc ope opo. (A.c. 1555469). Tae ycaoeo, o execoe cocoe oceo oop aooo ae oo opopoa ye epe oeo apa ae oc (A.C. 1629465).

Paccope copeee eo opao cyax oea apaepo poecca ype opo coco oopyoa, oope ye ao c yepca, accec pyx oacx.

O ax ec oe , pee ooe.

Aop opeee oea ae ce ocpoee acoc apaepo, epex poecce ype, oea ae oceo apy o oc opa %, o oeca x ae o oc accc % pax coco aapyex oo. Peao oyee pe A, , B e pae ooe o paoepoo pacpeee - C ( pc. 3). e oe oc ooa (B > A), e oe ooee ee aoc ey aapye oaae.

B aece aocecx pepe coye e TP = 1-GP, TQ = 1-GQ, (6) e GP, GQ oe pax apaepo;

TP, TQ pep paoococooc ooa x e apaepo.

Aa peyao cceoa papaoax pepe paoo aao Cp oaa, o a oc oopye o py (B1) oop ooa (1) cooecye cey ae pepe aocpoa:

TP = 0,9960,989 TQ = 0,9560,o epe yee oca ooa pep yeaec:

p B22 TP = 0,9860,981, TQ = 0,9240,905;

p B33 TP = 0,9790,967, TQ = 0,8380,811;

p B43 TP = 0,9600,933, TQ = 0,7690,697.

100 E Q,% 0 20 40 60 80 100F Yi=Qi(%), i=Ni(%) N,% Pcyo 3 Opeeee oea oe SN - SQ (G) =, SN e SN - oa yp OEF;

SQ oa yp OAEF(OBF).

n (xi+1 - xi ) (Yi+1 + Yi ) SQi = n=ooy, aee pep, cooecyee ooy ooy pae TP = TQ = 1 (pa C, pc. 3). Moe oea ooa (ao pep) cooecy peaapoy coco (B33, B43, pa B) oo opee o peyaa ype epx yx ca a yce.

p aee ype opopyc eye ae pepe o epe pe eyx ae aooy, aec peoea ypy p pee.

opoo oeca poe eop cyax poecco aoe aee e aa, cae c poca paeop cyaoo poecca a eoop ypoe.

Peaa cyax oea oceo apy a ooo, ae pooo oc, oea a poope pyx, oe ecoo pa epecea eoop cpoa ypoe, o po xapaepoa a poc cyaoo poecca a a ypoe.

co poco oo c, oe cepae y epeee copoc, cooecye cepc, e c cooae oppeoo y.

caoapoo cyaoo poecca co poco a eoop ypoe a coca:

(a-x)1 V - 2 x = e, (7 ) x e V, x cpeeapae ae copoc epeee, x cpeee aee cyaoo poecca.

B aco cyae, p a = x, .e. oa paccapac poc a yeo ypoe V 1 1 x( ) = = -, (8) 2 2 kx( ) =x p apoca cyaoo poecca coyec oppeoa y a (2), a co poco a yeo ypoe 2 = -, (9) Ceoaeo, opeeee ca poco a yeo ypoe ae ce apoca oppeoo y, axoee ee apaepo, pace o opya (8) (9).

caoeo, o aae ype eee poco ecyeceo, aaec eoo cao epo ppao ooa, a o epe oca ooa, co poco yeaec p poce oea apa, o ceecye o aoc poecca.

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