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poecc epexooo a yaop (ocoa a oepc yeoopoo a peaopax co caoap coe, a peaopax c yc coe aaaopa, ocyaeo peeepaop HP) o exoo paycoo cya He (H) epe oy poeoe epee 1989 . a H Bee (a). B oeeceo poeoc exoo yaop a epe epea a HH ye peocpy epoeco ycao -3511/1000 ooc 1 . /o oe 1997 . (pc. 3). poe oe C EHTE coeco c payco po Te, poe p o apoeex, oy po ocyece oepa cpa apo .., ay M.M., Haax.., ceac oocceoaecoo epa o pyooco Teea.., ceac aH H p.

O apae pa poecca co caoap coe ( oyepepoo a) o coepecoae ocpy peaopo. Ha epx oeecex ycaoax 35-1, 35-5, 35-11 ycaaac acae peaopa. B 1970 . a opoao ycaoe eca epe CCCP pee peaopa paao ocpy, oopx a ce oee paoepoo pacpeee ypex ooo o co aaaopa yee o acox o ocaoc cee epeaa ae oee cee oepc.

Pec BC B XB-102 XB-E-E-101 E-D-B-201 B-C-P-101 P-101 -101 -102 R-202 R-203 R-204 R-205 C-F-204, F-203/I, F-203/II, F--103 F-201/I F-202/I F-202/II F-201/II -101 -E-E-T-T-1-C7-CCma.

A-XB-A C4-CE-a C- -101 -201 -H-101 H-103 H-102 H-104 H-105 P-208 P-412 P-Pc. 3. paa cxea ycao -35-11/1000 HH oce peocpy o exoo H ( ay cxey ce 300 o aoo oc e e) Bocec paae peaopa pec a ox oeecex ycaoax ooc 600 c. /o e. B 1998 . ceaca HH (Mypo A.., Caxapo B.., Ca P.. p.) papaoa pee a ycaoe -35-11/1000 paae peaopa opoo a, e a ce poxoe ooa o epa epep peaa oa cee yeaec ece c yeee oea peaoo cec ( peyae poea pea eppoa epoa), o oeceae oee paoepe ee copoc ooo, coy cee oepc epea ae.

Bo opo ae pecaea cop pa exoo aaeco oepc yeoopoo C5-C6 c oyee oepaa oaaox yeoopoo (). Tepoaec pea oepa yeoopoo C5-C6 oee poo p x eepaypax, ooy epe poecc pooc p 50-150 C a coo aaaope (AlCl3) pcyc HCl. Pea poeaa o apo-ooy exay:

+ +R+ CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3 -RH CH3-CH2-CH-CH2-CH+ CH3-C-CH2-CH3 -RH CH3-CH-CH2-CH+R+ CHCH++ + +R+ n-C6HCH3-C-CH2-CH2-CH3 (CH3-CH2-C-CH2-CH3)+RH 2-emunema -RH -R+ (3-emunema) CHCHCH3+ CH2,2-uemuyma + CH3-C-CH-CH3(CH3-C-CH2-CH3)+RH (2,3-uemuyma) -R+ CH3 CHOao epe o poeo peaa coo oepa oe 40-x 50-x . (peyeceo eao) coyc c po poe execoo oope (eoxooc cce epepo oa oee aaaopa, poea eo ya, oppo oopyoa p.). ooy oee pee poeoo epe poecca aaeco oepa ca cooeepaype poecc (a.2) pcyc H2 (epe epe O 1953 ., oao pooe poeoe pacpocpaee oepa oya oe 60-x .), oopx eee pea poea o yoaoy exay epe eppoae, opaoae ape-oo, x oepa, eaopoae ppoae:

+ -H2 ucom.

n-C H2m+2 / Pt n-C H2m +H+ n-C H2m+m m m emp + +Huo-C H2m+uo-C H2m+11 -H+ uo-C H2m / Pt m m m Taa 2 aa pa exoo aaeco oepa yeoopoo C5-C6 e pepy -aao (c. cxey pc. 4,a) oaae poecc pa CO O, BHHe p e, O O papao o ex epoey o apa apa o epe oe 1953 . 60-e . 1965 . 1970 . oe 1996 .

40-x 60x aaaop . Pt- -62 o- Pt (Pd)- o- LPI-AlCl3- Al2O3/ Pt- p. eo p. eaaa- Al2O3/ Pt- Pt- oc Cl2(F2)- HCl* F2 (Al2O3- Al2O3-Cl2 Al2O3- SiO2) AlClTeepaypa, 0C 50 360 360- 90 230 120 200- 150 420 420 160 370 204 aee, Ma 0,9- 2,0 3,5- 2,7- 1,4 2,1 2,0- 1,6 7,0 4,0 2,8 3,5 7,0 4,Peeeppyeoc aaaopa e a a e a e a eoopo coca cp, % acc.:

-ea 76-80 76 76-80 50-55 75 76 35-40 50--eca o 15 o 15 o 10 35 37 o 15 40-50 35--oaa 2 2- o 8 2 o 10 o Bxo oepaa, % o. 98-99 95-97 95-97 98-99 96-98 98-99 98-Coca oepaa, % acc.:

-oea o 73 48-55 50-37-43 56-59 26-32 38--eya o 3 o 3 o 16-19 o 5 20-23 15--eea o 7 4-7 4-6 15-18 o 7 5-10 15-Oaooe co oepaa, .. o 76 72-75 o 75 o 83 o 77-80 o 84 * aaaop oaec epepo.

B aee coepecoae poecca aoc apae papao yoax aaaopo, oeceax coy copoc eex pea p oee x eepaypax poecca (a. 2).

ep cpeeeepayp poecc o exoo e epe a H .

Ce a 1970 . epa oeepaypa ycaoa oepa yea 1965 . o exoo p epoey a aopo aaaope.

ocoy pea oepc C-aao oaa c paoec, o yeee xoa oaao oo a ce coepecoa aaaopo ce eepayp poecca ee opeeee epoaece pee. o ocyo peoco papao exooecx peo cee xecoo paoec poecce copoy opaoa oaao ye x ee cp o ee -aao aaaa pepy x peaop.

O cocoo ee C-aao ec x acop aaaa (pc. 4, ). Bepe acopooe paeee oepaa o peeo a opoao ycaoe oeepaypo oepa o exoo O 1969 . a H . May (a), a 1975 . coco pee poecce eoo oepa (o exoo o apa). Bop cocoo ee epepaeo ac cp ec pea, peac exoo aaeco oepa c 70x . p epepaoe cp c peoaa coepae eao coyc cxe c eoeaae (pc. 4,). , oye o ao cxee, ee oaooe co a 1-2 ya e, e e pepy.

B 80-90-e . c yeee o yeoopoo C6 cpe caa oee peoeo eoecaa aaaa (pc. 4,), ooa oc oaooe co poya a 4 ya.

oee coa cee oepc C-aao aa ocpoe ocaec p opoa cocoo paee (pc. 4, -e). Haoee eo ec exoo opoa eoecaa acopooo paee (a. 3), poy oopo coep peyeceo oea eya ee oaooe co 91-..

Hecop a apoae cpoeca ycaoo aaeco oepa c oa 50-x . oocee exooece papao, oee oeece ye (Macc.H., ypca H.P., aapea E.B., oe A.A., oa C.., pyep B.., Eeo B.E. p.), paec poecc ao ocoe a oeecex pepx.

B C5-C6 oep- Caaaa oepa a a a) ee yeoopo oepa AcopC5-Coep- Caooe a a paeee -ea -eca ) oeaoa pa B oepa C5-C6 oeaeaoepCaoa oa a a ooa ooa eaoa pa ) ee yeoopo oepa ooa C5-C6 oep- CaOcao C7+ eoea a caa ecaoa pa ) oeaoa pa B oepa C5-C6 oeaAcopoepCaoa ooe a a ooa paeee -aa ) ee yeoopo oepa C5-CAcop- ooa oep- Caooe eoeOcao C7+ a a paeee caa C5-C-C5, -C6 eea e) Pc. 4. aa pa exoo aaeco oepa a - oopoxo poecc; - poecc c pepye a ocoe acopooo paee;

- poecc c pepye a ocoe ee ooax eoeaa;

- poecc c pepye c peee oo eoecaa;

- poecc c opoae eoeaa acopooo paee;

e - poecc c opoae eoecaa acopooo paee.

Taa 3 copeca aa pa exoo oepa yeoopoo C5-C6 c pepye epaeex aao oaa- poecc e pa O O e, O H H O, papa- o H o apa o e- oe 60-x 1969 . 1975 . 80-e . 90-e 90-e 90-e pe -70-e .

aa- aop- aop- ao- aop- ao- aop aop- aop Pt- po Pt- po Pt- Pt-Al2O3- Al2O3- ea- Al2O3- ea- Al2O3- eo- AlCl3 AlCl3 eo AlCl3 eo AlCl3 Coco pe- acop- acop- pe- acop- acop- acop- ee- a a a a - -a- (eo- oey oey (eo- eo- eo- eo- ao ea- px px eca- ea- ea- eca- aa- a) cax cax a) a a a aa Pep- C-ea C-ea, C-ea, C-eca, C-ea, C-ea, C-aa y C-eca C eca e- C-eca C-eca e- ea ea Bxo C5+,% o. 96 98 94 - 98 97 95-98 91-96- 91-96 91 - O oe- paa, .. 86 o 89 88 88 88 90 91-Coca oepaa, % acc.:

-oea o 70 48-56 o 74 o 70 o 75 o 80 o -e- ya - o 20-23 o 5 - o 5 o -e- ea - 26-29 o 18 o 7 o 7 o 10 10-Ha ceo e Pocc ec poea ycaoa o cooeepaypo exoo -150 pa C5 ooc c./o (a Hoo-pocaco H) poecc e pepy aao C5 C6 o cpeeeepaypo exoo H cocae opoao ycao -35-11/1000 (pc. 5), yeo 1998 . (a Hoo-co H).

Ha Hoo-pocaco H eec cpoeco oa cpeeeepaypo oepa eaoo pa pooeoc 350 c./o o exoo apo O cocae opoao ycao -35/11.

Texoo apo (epea CA 1996 .), ocoaa a eaoco aaaope ooo ooe LPI-100, ooe oc cee oepa aao a ypoe oeepaypoo poecca c cooae aopoo aaaopa, coxpa ae peyeca, a peeeppyeoc a yceoc aaaopa coepa a pyx pece cpe.

. pe ep I pe - II c p p .. a a e a a a a e e a e e a - - - Tae xoe ye poecca aopo o poeeo paceoe cceoae pee eoo pea oe eoc oepa c peee popa cy eexecx poecco. poee oao aa ooeco eoc pax cocoo paee cece eao ecao, oepyx cpee poyoe pa poecca. Ha ocoe peyao poeex paceo epaypx ax papaoa aoee oae coco pee pea poecce oepa aao C5-C6.

B pee ae pecaea cop pa opoax cxe oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 pooca ooeo ea.

epoaao poecc aaeco oepc c oyee A peaae oye apeo (eoa, oyoa ..), a oepa oye oeaa, cp oye opea cea ayya.

B aee pae pooe poeoe epee x poecco o oycoeo eoxooc pooca coooaox eo, .. ape coopaeee aa xapaepyc co oao ca (a. 4). B peyae aaa cop cxe oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 ycaoe ocoe a ee pa.

a 1. B cpee ee yeoopo (C5-C6) eoo pocxoe e oee coe oaoe ca, e ee (o C11). ooy, c epx e cooa ea aece oa appaopx aee caa aaa oe oaox xapaepc pee ceo yeoopoo C7-C11, oopa 30-e -40-e . peaac x epeco oepce c cooae yeoopoo o C6 aece ooea ea (pc. 6).

Tepeca eoopo Ceee C7 e oepc eoopo o CPc. 6. Cxea a ocoe epeco oepc yeoopoo C7 e a 2. Caoee 1949 . exoo aaeco oepc yeoopoo C6 e c oyee A oaypoa eo (pc. 7), pooe epeo cepee 50-x . CA aao Epoe.

eoopo C5 - CC5-CPe- aa.

C5 e Ceee A a oepc Pc. 7. Cxea a ocoe aaeco oepc yeoopoo C6 e c oyee A a 3. oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 c acopo eee aao yeoopoo C5-C6 (pc. 8.). Cxea epea 1962 . a aoe p Cay o . Cc, CA (ooa exoo a papaoaa poH 1959-63 . Mpc .B., opooc M.. p.) a a pecae epec a epexo oepc yeoopoo o C6.

A C6-CC5-CPe- aa.

Acop Ceee oaaa oepc C5-CC5-C-aa Pc. 8. Cxea oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 c eee -aao yeoopoo C5-CTaa 4 cpee yeoopo coca poox eox pa (o oco ooea).

Tee- Oaooe Coepae ooeo cooecye paypa co (O) pye yeoopoo, % o.

e, cee eo pa . pa C o .. .. - 62 C .. - 85 C 62 (85) - 180 C AAH o 100 84-96 30 - -ya -0,5 93,6 o 20 o 16 - oea 28 92,3 10-23 10-15 - -ea 36 61,7 20-35 19-22 o eya 49-58 91,8-101,7 o 15 o 14 o eea 60-63 73,4-74,5 9-11 8-12 o -eca 69 24,8 10-15 16-20 cyapoe eea 79-90 83,1-92,8 o 5 o 7 coepae eeca aao C6 e 90-92 42-52 o 1 o -ea cocae 55-65 %;

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