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Ha paax pyoc BEPOBA HEPC PEBHA CTOP PABT POMEHHX POECCOB OHBEPC HETHX EBOOPOOB C5-C11 (HA PMEPE MCO P H) 02.00.13 Heex 07.00.10 cop ay ex ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a 2003 2 Paoa oea a aepe oe aaeco x coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea cy eexepepao.

Hay pyooe: oop xecx ay, poeccop Mocyae ap Mpcaeo Hay ocya: aa execx ay Py oca opco Oae ooe: oop xecx ay, poeccop Bao Ha Xayo aa execx ay, c..c.

aoa Eea Aecapoa Beya opaa: OAO Hoo-c H aa cococ 29 ape 2003 . 14 aco a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.01 co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy: 450062, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca 28 apa 2003 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea, poeccop A.M. Cp 3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc pao. Paoa ocea ye copoexecx copo-exooecx aceo poecco cxe oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 eoo pocxoe, oco apae cooa oopx poeoc ec pooco coooaox ooeo eo, pooco yax yeoopoo (eoa, oyoa, coo, oeaa p.), pacopee p., acoc a pepe co py aoo, oope ocaoo cee xapaepy ee oeeceo eexeco eeepepaaae poeoc. T.o., ayaoc pao oycoea eoxooc ooe aaa ax o pa poecco cxe oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 c e coa oo ap x pa opeee x epcex apae c yeo coepecoa ex exoo, coco pooca a pa op cea a oape e.

e acoe pao ec yee ocox ee ao pa poecco cxe oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 eoo pocxoe:

- cceoae copo-execx copo-exooecx aceo pa poecco epeco aaeco oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 eoo pocxoe c oyee oepaa apeox yeoopoo a pepe co py aoo;

- cceoae cop pa poecca aaeco oepa yeoopoo C5-C6;

- cceoae cop pa cxe c peee poecco oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 pooca coooaox ooeo ea, x aoc c ao ocox peoa oap ea;

- opeeee epcex apae pa eexecx poecco cxe oepc yeoopoo C5-C11.

Haya oa. B peyae poeeoo cceoa copoexecx exo-exooecx aceo pa eexecx poecco cxe oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 eoo pocxoe a pepe co py aoo ycaoe ocoe a x pa.

caoea ee oe ceeoc oepc yeoopoo.

Papaoaa epcea cxea ceeo oepc aaox, oaaox apeox ooeo c aca oyee coooaox oaaox ooeo.

paeca aoc:

1. Papaoaa epcea cxea ceeo oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 poooo pocxoe, oeceaa oyee coooaox ooeo oapoo ea c cyap coepae eoa 0,9 % apeo a ypoe 25 %, oopa coyec cy eexepepao p cocae peoea o pa cxe pooca ea pa eeepepaaax pep.

2. Peya aaa copecoo exo-exooecoo pa poecco cxe oepc yeoopoo C5-C11 peya cceoa pee eoo pea poecce oepa yeoopoo C5-C6 acoc o xecoo cocaa cp ( aaaa) cooa OOO poe cyo Bocoeeaooa p cocae epcex ao pa cxe pooca eo, a ae ao oepa peocpy poecco popa oepa H.

Apoa pao. Peya pao oaac a ceyx Meyapox Bcepocccx oepex: Copeea exoo pooco ooec cx o epo ece XXI ea, Ca-eepyp, 1999 .; Copeee poe cop ececoa oac x, xeco exoo eoo ea, a, 2000, 2001 2002 .; a ce II opecca eeaopoeo Pocc, a, .; Xpeaop-15, Xec, 2001 .; Mooe yee Boo-pacoo peoa a pyee eo, a, 2001 .; poea oo. poe epce, a, 2001 .; Heeepepaoa eex, a, 2002 .; a ae a ayo-execx oepex cyeo, acpao oox yex HT.

o peyaa cceoa oyoao 20 pao.

Cpyypa oe ccepa. ccepa coco ee, pex a, oo cca epayp. Paoa oea a 145 cpaax, coep 40 pcyo, 27 a, cco epayp coep 203 coa.

OCHOBHOE COEPAHE PAOT Bo ee oocoaa ayaoc pao, copypoa e ocoe aa cceoa.

B epo ae pecaeo cceoae cop poecco xeco oepc yeoopoo C6-C11 eoo pocxoe oye oepaa apeox yeoopoo (A) a pepe co py aoo. ep x ca epece poecc oepc yeoopoo C7 e (30-e .), cyoc oopx ec epecoe eppoae pepoae oaao -aao c opaoae apeo aeo (a ae ooeypx aao):

T,P + R R 3 HT,P C H2m CkH2k R + m C H2n+2 T,P C H2m+2 + CkH2k n m Bepe a aoax . ooa ycaoa o exoo Ao (pc.

1) a eea a co H 1936 . Heocaa epeco oepc xo eeoo poya (a. 1) eo oe aeco, a eo cooe coepae aeo eo 25-35 %, ecoa ceeoc opaoa apeo. B 40-50-e . ooe ycao cpoc a oce H CCCP (Heepoe), ce x a ycaoa, eea cyaa a Hoo-co H (HH) 1951 .

aece cao ac papaoa epee 1940 . CA poecca aaeco oepc yeoopoo C6 - C11 c oyee A ( aee aaeca oepc apoaa), oop epoaao ocyecc a aooeox aaaopax. o poecc oo oc xo A (o ypo 80 % e) ceeoc opaoa apeo, aeo o opaoae eo aoee eeaex ooeo A (a. 1). epa CCCP poea ycaoa aaeco oepc 35-1/1 (poop) yeoopoo C7-C8 pooeoc 130 c./o a yea 1954 .

a Hoo-co H (a Al2O3-MoO3 aaaope). Texoo poe papaoa cyo poeeao (a eep poecca Cac .M., pyooe poea a HH pocca ..).

- - Taa 1 copeca aa pa poecco oepc yeoopoo C6-C11 c oyee oepaa apeox yeoopoo oaae Tep- aaece poecc ec epoec poecc poecc poecc po- (caoap co oyep. HP ecc aaaopa) a o epe:

- pe 1930 . 1940 . 1949 . 1967 . 80-e . 1971 .

- a H . 1936 . 1954 . 1959** 70-e . 1997 . 1981 .

1963*** aaaop - Al2O3- Pt-Al2O3 Pt/Re- op. cep.

MoO3 ( a Al2O3 cep.+ Pt/Sb- (.) aoc- Pt(Pt/Re)- Al2Oae) Al2OTeepaypa 550- 510- 460- 460- 440- 440- peaope, 0C 560 540 510 500 510 aee po- 5,0- 1,4- o 1,5- 2,0- 0,7- ecca, Ma 6,0 2,0 4,0 4,0 1,0 1,Oea 1,5- 1,5- copoc, -1 - 0,5 4,0 4,0 - 2,Oaooe co poya p xoe 82 %, .. 66-72* 70-80 84-88 94-95 o 99-100 98-Coepae apeo A,% acc. 15-25 25-30 25-50 50-60 65-75 o * - o oopoy eoy p xoe ooo 75 % o.

** - Oo-poea ycaoa.

*** - poea ycaoa.

B 1956 . a HH a yea aa e ycaoa 35-1/2, oopa ece c ycaoo 35-1/1 xoa eoy oye aeopoo c oyoa c eaoo. Bceo a oeecex pepx 50e . o ocpoeo 9 ax ycaoo.

Cey pao a copec ao pa aaeco apoaa cao epee aoaooo aaaopa ( 1949 . a H O a CA o exoo O), oop oo oc cee eppoa oaao, epoa -aao c o pea pea oaao aao, oc xo coepae apeo oyaeo A, , cooeceo, oc eo oaooe co o 90 o .. e (a. 1):

T,P + R R 3 Hama.

T,P C H2n+2 ama. 4 HR + n B oeeceo poeoc epo a oo-poea ycaoa aaeco oepc a aoaoo aaaope pooca apeo 35-4 pooeoc 100 c./o, yea . a H . XXII cea CC (e aeex). B 1962 . a Hooyeco H yea epa poea ycaoa 35-ooc 300 c./o. o exoo BHHeexa (pyooe Macc.H.) poey epoaa.

Ha co pye aoo 1963 . a H . XXII cea CC a eea epa ycaoa 35-6 oye eoa, e epoaao eo ec aaaa eoo cpao-aeopoo epeo o eoy T, oop epe 3 oa aee eoo cpaoo ee eoe, a ae peoe (pc. 2).

B oeeceo poeoc epo o 1965 . xapaepyec oceec epee ycaoo a 35-5, 35-6 35-11/300 (oo a papaoy oopx ae ec ceac BHH, aHH, yecoo H H p.). Ta, 1965-1967 . a H . XXII cea CC ocpoe ye ycao 35-5 -35-11/300 oye ooeo ea. aay 70-x . cpae yeaec o ycaoo c pooeoc 600 c. /o, oope cpoc o poea epoeex a oopyoa p CCP P.

Cyxo a a C2-Ca a ocyy C3-C.

BC A P-p MA P-p MA C5-CPc. 2. paa cxea peaopoo oa ycao 35-6 H . XXII cea CC B 1970 . a HH ye ep CCCP poecc aaeco oepc pooeoc 1 ./o cocae opoao ycao eca (o exoo paycoo cya He, poe Te). B 1976-1983 . ocpoeo oco ycaoo 35-11/1000 o oeece poea (BHHeex epoeex), cpe oopx epo a yea 1976 . ycaoa a HH. B epo c o 1994 . cpoeco ycaoo aaeco oepc paec ocaooc.

Pae poecca aaeco oepc c oyee A c peee Pt-coepaeo aaaopa o o cey apae:

-papaoa coepecoae - oeaecx aaaopo, oaax oee coo aoc caoc;

-cee ae (o o 1,5 Ma), c e epeoa poecca oee oe epoaece yco.

Cee apaoo ae oopoa poecce pyec yeee copoc poea eeaex pea oepa oeca yeoopoo, pox eaa aaaopa. o oc peoco papao aa c 50-x . exoo epepo peeepa aaaopa (HP), oopa ooa poo poecc eppoa oaao epoa aao ape cyeceo oee ox ycox o cpae c poecco co caoap coe (a. 1). poecc HP, oecea ocaoy eoc peeepa, epe CA 1971 . (o exoo O). ye a co H . XXII cea CC 1981 .

aop ooc 1 ./o cocae oeca pooca apoa (o exoo O, poepoae oca oopyoa ocyece pa Te, Epoexa ) ca ep poecco HP CCCP. Ha ao oece pooc yae ape (eo, - -co p.), pacope paa, coye aece ooea ea. oy po cpoece yce poecca oeca eo cpa Bopo A.., Oyxo A.C., oo .H. p.

B oe 1980-1983 . p cpoece oa apoa a H .

XXII cea peocpypoa ycao: 35-5 a pooepa (pope) C5-C10 pooca ooeo ea, a -35-11/300 a oepc C8-C11 a oeaeco aaaope oye pacopee. B 1991-1993 . apoaoc oec oy ycaoy aaeco apoaa (aop P-100 c HP) yeoopoo C6 paaa c e oye coooaox ooeo apy c pooco eoa, coo p. Oao 90-x .

eac ooeca cya cpae: cc cpoc a eexecy poy oe ocao e a ao. B peyae poe ocac epeaoa. B 1994-1997 . ocaoe ycao 35-6 35-5, a 35-11/300 a epeeea a oyee ooeo ea a aaaope R-56 O.

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