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Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Ha pcye 6 coo e aecea pa yxacoo pooeoc, apxoaa oac peaepoaa pooeoc MH.

Pcyo 6 - Cpaee epoopee aecx peaepoax aex.

aece oep acocax + aex aa pace oep acocax + aex +paece oep o peaey Pcyo 7- Cpaee oep epoep MH Caapa-cac aecx, peaepoax pacex aex.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Pacee ae, pcyo 7, oye cypoae oep acocax, epoaex, ooe ce pacex ae oep eo ac MH.

opy oece a exooec pe cyaa acpax pyopooo ec epeee acocx apeao. Oa ocaex aa p aae epeex oep c xapaepoe pe apao cyaaooo yaca acpaoo pyopooa a ao-o pee py coa opee pe apao ey epee.

aaa a epoopee paccope peae cyaa MH Caapa-cac Caapa-Txope a cyaaoo yace Caapa-pacoapec.

Bopa ax AC ooa c ooc + 10 ocpo pacpeeee ax epoo. Xapaepa apa pacpeee peea a pcye 8.

epa pee ey epee Pcyo 8 - acoa epee acocx apeao a cyaaoo yace MH Caapa - cac a ap 2001 .

pcya 8 o, o oco epee acocx apeao pocxo aaoe yx aco. Ec py opa op ceepcx ax yxacoa pooeoc yaca MH ae o ae a HC ypo o peepyapo a oe yxacox epoo, o ocaec opoc a e ce-a pao c o pe epeecx aceo poo epee ey acoc apeaa, o ya e oo ceepcoe oee ocaeo aa, o oee peex yco cyaa cooo epooopyoa, acoc C.

aa ee aco epee acocx apeao a ec o cya opaea a pcye 9.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru oeco epee aa - pooeoc, 3/cy, - oeco epee Pcyo 9- aa ee o pee pooeoc aco epee acocx apeao MH Caapa cac a ap pcya 9 o, o oeco yco/ocaoo acocx apeao oe oca 16 pa cy a cyaaoo yace. Ha o e pcye peea aa ee pacxoo. o pay pooeoc o, o e oppe ey acoo epee eee pooeoc. o oaae, o oo xo a y pe epea e ooex epee ey acoc apeaa.

yee aecx xapaepc cyaaox yaco pyopooo ac oooc poo epee cooo oopyoa cao, o oo c ycoe apa ep cpee a 20-25%, .e. acoo pae coo 3,5-5,0 B a ao yce, a ae copa oeco cax yco a 25-30%.

py a oece a exooec pe cyaa c yca. yca ooa MH oae cece pax p: epaoepoo pacxoa aeaex aax, opoo ee ecx paecx copoex ypyeoc, capoo pea ee yxax aoocx ooo p. p aae yca ooa pacca cocee aco oea oc a cyaaoo yace MH, opee peoace aco oea, ayo-acoe xapaepc cpaa ay yca c oyco.

Moe paece aa ca c yeee yca e pyopoox oax acoco. pacea cocex aco oea e a yace pyopooa coy ypoey ooepy ey Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru oeco epee pooeoc, /cy.

oe c oyee, o ae oep a ex yacax pyopooa cece oo pe peepeo a. oooe oyee eoyco poex pyopooo, cece eo peya aaecx paceo pe oo opox (ecoo epo) py. Tooc pee opeeec cee o paccaeoo o cxee pyopooa o peaoo, ocoy eo oop oac yco apee, pee oope; pyopoo oe coepa cocpeooee acc (pyopooy apaypy, oce oe oecaop, a) coco py paoo aepa.

ye ee pooeoc acpax eepooo, eoxoo pee ceo e ocoepe poee ae. [10] ae ec ce cxoe ae opeee aoo yaca pyopooa, pace o aaec eoa a aco e eee 1 . Bpe poea o oye p pacee o opye yocoo cocae ec y. epo oea pooeoc cyaaooo yaca pyopooa epec aca. H oa ecx eo e ocae o ee.

a ope cyaao yaco eepooa (yy coo oeaeo cceo) oaae cepo aco cocex oea coco ecox oeaex cce ex yaco.

ex yaco l e 40-110 , a cyaaooo L yaca 450-500 , ooy xapaepe peea ecaoapx poecco tx eec peeax l/c < tx < L/c, e c copoc ya. peao cce peea o 1 . o 1 [10].

B cceoax A.X.Mpaaae, A..aoa [10] paccope exooec yaco pyopooa o L = 600 , aep py D = , copoc pacpocpae yox oea e c = 1000 /c, cpe copoc ooa cp = 3 /c, oc = 7.10-6 2/c. pepo a apaepa oaa pyopoo aao Cp. aoo cya pee peaca c = 7.10-3c. a pe peaca aya poecca yeaec eee e e pa. peca epec ocaoe oea c ayo opa ecox poeo o aax. ooy pe c ao ye 3-4 paa oa oy pe oo peaca ecaoapx poecco yaeo oac ee apaepo, o cocae ooo 7 aco [10].

4 l c p 0, P = 4 C = 4 l -(0 + 0 -1) p 0 > 1, (26) c0,08 l cp e 0 = c d Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Ec e peaca pocxo a eo yace o 50-100 , o o o e eoe oyae oey ooo pee peaca p 400 c.

peex oeo o, o pe peaca oea pacxoa p ecaoapo pee pao cyaaooo yaca MH ee opo ecox aco. ocoy p oepao pooe poyco cocooc MH ac yy epecoa peea oo e opa, o p ocpoe oe pooa eoxoo ya ee poyco cocooc eepooo p x paoe ecaoapx peax, .e. a eoxoo e opa o cyaaox yacax a o oeaeo ccee. ooy aee epee aay cepeax ax p ecaoapx peax pao MH.

Ececeo peoo, o oco eoopooc, a xapaep poea epexooo poecca a cyaaoo yace MH, c poeyoe HC. yaco MH Caapa-Txope Caapa-cac ey HC oec o 47 o 88 . Paccoe o ooo HC o poeyox HC opay cey p ( ): 47, 99, 159, 214, 292, 341, 404, 492, 545, 579, 636. aep eepooa 1220 , oc = 7.10-6 2/c. coy opyy (26), oy cey p pee peaca (ayxa), epexox poecco ey ooo poeyo HC ( .): 9, 9, 20, 41, 80, 111, 158, 236, 291, 329, 398. Bpe ayxa a ce cyaaoo yace 469 .

epo oea, T Pcyo 10 - Cep aco pea pooeoc MH Caapacac a 2000.

B peeax aoo epoa oye poaapoa cep peo. Xapaepe ap pacpeee aco (yxacox epoo), oyee peyae cepaoo aaa, a a pcye 10.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Aya y coy ay ax epoopeee o aa acox xapaepc cyaaox yaco MH Caapa-cac Caapa Txope. Xapaepa aa (pe) ee pooeoc MH Caapa-Txope Caapa-cac pee a pcyax 6, 7.

Aa acox cepo a ec epo oopa (01.10.2000 26.09.2001) ceye ae ocox apo cyaaooo yaca:

MH Caapa-cac: MH Caapa-Txope:

T1 = 6 aco 40 ; T1 = 5 aco 45 ;

T2 = 8 aco 40 ; T2 = 8 aco 10 ;

T3 = 11 aco 45 ; T3 = 12 aco 15 ;

T4 = 20 aco 30 ; T4 = 36 aco 30 ;

T5 = 85 aco 30 . T5 = 106 aco 30 .

eoc ypae oo oc, ec pa epee cooo oopyoa coca, ya epo cocex aco ooa e acpao pyopooe.

Cpaee aecoo, peaepoaoo paceoo peo epoopee a yace MH Caapa-cac MH Caapacac ooo peep oe eoc epea.

Hapep, oee cpec epop o ccee epocae ac e oee 4% o oeo opee epoep, epop o acoca o 15%. Pacxoee aecoo opee c peaepoa cocao o o 22%, peaepoaoo c pace 12-28%.

Ta opao, oo e ecoo aa, oope ooe pea peaae epoopeee, o ee eo pa oox papaoo:

1. Cocaee aaca epoopee aa eo cocax c ex eoooecx o.

2. Moop oep ooc epoep a pax ex eo epoopee aa epeca ce - epoae - acoc - eepoo, o ce o exooec apaepa, pecppye a cpeca eeexa (pooeoc, aee, pe ..).

3. Oea cepxopax oep ooc epoycaoax, oycoex o apyo ae pacopaopa o ao ooc, a ae oep epoep p yce ae oea pee yca acocoo apeaa.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru CCO TEPATP 1. A Tpace ooo oe a 1996 . 44 c.

2. A Tpace ooo oe a 2000 . 26 c.

3. oao .. epoee acoc acpax eepooo. M.:

Hepa, 1985.

4. yyo C.E. opaoo-aaece cce acpax pyopooo. M.: C PA, 2002.

5. oocoep B.. Pace pacxoa epoep yaca eepooa //Tpacop xpaee e eepoyo, 1973, N5, C. 1619.

6. Oe o HP 4-2-01-12 Papaoa epee OAO MH oeca o opeee acocx apeao aa peoe o oe eoc pao acoco - a: TP, 2001.

7. Oe o HP 98-2-1/1 Meoa oe eoc cooa epoep a epeay e o pyopooa ycox ce oeo epea. a: cy Mexa PAH, 1998 .

8. Cpoo .A. Pe pao acxpox cxpox epoaee. M.- .: ocepoa, 1963.

9. Bae M.A., aao B.A. oep epoep p epeae e o acpa eepooa // Maepa III opecca eeaopoeo Pocc "poe e aa". HT, a, 2001.

10. poaa pyopoooo pacopa e eepoyo /A.X.Mpaaae, A..ao, B..Mapo, B.A.. M.: Hepa, 1984. 287 c.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru

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