WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |

B x ycox oep p yce oo opee o aeoy aoy copoe C. oo ocaoo a oo ye copoe cxe aee o oa ao ee cxe opee o aeo ao copoe. aee, o po paoa opeec pe paoa oep epoep a ao yaco exaeco xapaepc [9].

eeo epeco ce, oopx ec pa apyo: ax , cox pacopaopo, epo copox opeee, oep paccac o eoy xapaepx cyo:

m W = Wc .i, (4) i i=e m co xapaepx cyo;

Wc oep epoep a xapaepe cy;

i aea pooeoc oy xapaepx cyo.

.i B eeax ce, oopx e opoo opa o peax pao, coyec eo ca aco aox oep W = P, (5) max e P oep ooc pee acao apy ce;

max co aco aox oep.

Taa 2 oep epoep cox pacopaopax HC Tpacopaop Hapyoe oep Cyape . oep xoocoo xoa ae,% oep P P W, WQ, WP, WQ, W, xx xx B BA BAp BA BAp T1 81,59 345,13 936 5760 1017,59 12,T2 76,14 443,79 936 5760 1012,14 13, Ha pcyax 3 oaao opeee epoep, a ae a pcye 5 oep epoep epoaex ocox oopx acoco epeco ce: pacopaopax aex x HC Caapacac.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Pcyo 3 opeee epoep HC Caapa MH Caapacac a ap 2001.

Pcyo 4 oep epoep epeco ce HC, epoaex ocox oopx acoco.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Pcyo 5 ee oep epoep epeco ce HC, epoaex ocox oopx acoco.

p eco aeco (o cea) opee epoep ce Wc o aee a pe T aex pace ye oep ooc epoaee epeco ce o o ae, oo a opeee epoep acoco a pe T i i W = W - (6) P ti - P ti . ac c i C i C N N e PC i oep ooc C o (1) a i- epae pee t;

Pc i oep ooc epeco ce o (4) (5);

N co epao pee T c pao apyo.

Haoe opeee epoep o (6) aec.

oey (paecy) paoy acocx apeao o ceepc a a pe T opee o ycpee a a yxacoe epa n W = (7) (P - P1)i Qi t, p i=e P2 ycpeeoe aee a xoe acoca a i- yxacoo epa;

P1 ycpeeoe aee a caca acoco a o e epa;

Qi cpe pooeoc acoco a 2 aca;

n oeco yxacox epao;

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru i oep yxacooo epaa.

Toa cpeeee acoca a pe T oo a o pae ac = Wp/Wac., (8) e Wp paeca ep a epeay;

W aecoe opeee epoep acoco.

oep epoep acoce:

W.ac= Wac- Wp o n 1- ac W = (9) P ac ti ac o. ac i oep epoep acoce pae a ccee aece.

Ccey cocay oep a acocax opeee, ep ooc acoca c aaoo xapaepc:

Wsys = Nit(1-ci), (10) e Ni aaooe aee ooc a pooeoc Qi.

t pe.

p ocyc ax o opee epoep oeo acpa oop acoca, oe epooep e poopoao ooe paaeoo aopa Hi a acoca i p aeco pooeoc:

o Hi o i, (11) Wo=Wsys HM o Hi Hi + HM o i i HM Hi HM i (12) WHM=Wsys HM o Hi Hi + HM o i i e HM ec apaepo acpax acoco;

no ec apaepo oopx acoco.

Paa aecx oep acoce aaox ae aecy cocay oep epoep:

W = Wac Wsys (13) Paccop paecy cocay epoapa a pacop e. Ocoo cocae c apa a peooee c pe (ccea cocaa apa).

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru opeee pao c pe a pacop e (cceo cocae) paccae oep ae a pee hi a yace pyopooa ey y HC o acceco eoe paecoo pacea pyopooo:

-lc h = ln n, (14) i Dn 2g n e ln, Dn a aep n-oo yaca pyopooa, [];

lc a caoex yaco, [];

k - oe ecx copoe;

- oe paecx copoe (apc);

n oeco yaco pyopooa c pao eoepe;

oe paecx copoe cec o acceco eoe:

=, Re < 2320;

Re (15) 1 2,k, Re > 2320.

=-2lg + 3,7D Re e k oe aeo epoxoaoc ypee oepxoc py;

4 Q Re = - apaep Peoca.

D Oo ocoo p aeco cocae oep ec aeca cocaa, oaa cece epooc ooa.

Oe ayy aeco cocae ae o ypoeo cxee paccae epo aop, oa a ce ee pooeoc pyopooa, acpoao yx oceoaex acx ceepcoo ca h = hin = 4(Qi Qi-1)L/(gD2), (16) e i, i-1 ec ace ceepco ce;

= 2L/a aa poyapa, [c];

L a cyaaooo yaca pyopooa, [];

a = 1100 /c copoc ya e.

C yeo aeco cocae ae, cyap pace ope aop e aaoe ae Hi = hi + hin, (17) Paccop opeee ep a pacop e c yeo aeco cocae Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Wp =gQi hi, (18) e - cya pacex epao o pyey opay op ceepcx ax yxacoo pooeoc yaca MH.

aece apa a pacop e oo oe o ceepc a. Paccop aac ep a yace pyopooa ey y HC:

2 P2,k P1,k + 1 k + k + = + + Zk + Zk + 1 + hk hk + 1, (19) g 2g g 2g e Z coe oe HC, [];

P - eoepece aop, [];

g - copoc poya pye, [/c];

k ec HC.

Copoco aop peco pye ocaec ee, a peao pyopooe e eec c ooc o poea o poaecoo aopa, ooy eo oo copa oex acx ypae epy:

P2,k - P1,k +, (20) hk - hk +1 = Zk - Zk + 1 + g e P2,k aee aea oce peyopa ae a HCk;

P1,k+1 aee a caca HCk+1.

peoaa pe cyaa yaca MH a paccapae yxacoo epo ycaoeyc, o ocpee ceepc a oeae epoapa a epeay o eepooy:

W =gQihi,(k-k+1). (21) aacooe aee paeco cocae epoapa oaec o aecx epoapa a ey, oycoey paoc poaecx aopo ooa e a cacax HCk HCk+1:

WZ = () g, (22) i Qi Zk +1 - Zk i oep, oycoee poccepoae a peyope ae, opaac aace cocae:

( ) (23) Qi Wp = P,k - P2,k i Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Ta opao, opeee epoep eo ac eepooa o ceepc a oo peca e cy pex cocax:

W = W + Wp + Wz. (24) Apoa eo aaa epoapa a epeay e o MH popaoo poya epoopeee poeea a MH Caapa - cac (ee cyaa 1977 .) 1220 Caapa - Txope (1974.) 720 a yace Caapa pacoapec OAO poceepoo A Tpace, oopa aa pao oe oooc aaa apa epoep a epeay e.

cceyee MH, pooe oeo oo exooeco opope ocya copoe apaee epoopce eeae epa, eea pyoa ecxapc. ocaa e ocoo ocyecec peepyapoo apa ca cee e Caapa, e oa ooc o caapx copx o pea Ural.

Ha ocoe coeco oyea Oea aaoo Cpoeca Oea cyaa OAO MH, peaeo execx acopo MH, cce AC CTOP cocaea aa ax Cceo opa ae pax popa epoopeee, oopo pecae: ocpye ocoeoc yaca MH oo HC (poeoc, aep, pacooee ecx copoe, ayo, ae aepx yo a pacce oe), oeoc ocooo oopyoa (acpae, oope cooaee acoce apea, epoae, peopaoae, ooe epoepea, peyop, ce, p, peepyap p.), xapaepc ocooo oopyoa (aoce aao acpax oopx acoco, epoaee), po pacc, coe oe HC peepyapx apo. aeca aa ax ae opy ceepcx ax yxacoo opae, ypao epoopee a HC (eecyoe ae) ae AC o 10 yo ope.

ae pax popa epoopeee ooe poo aa ceepcx ax, ax epoopee AC yx acpax pyopooo Caapa - cac Caapa - Txope a yace Caapa-pacoapec epo c 01 op 2000 o 26 cep . Tae peycopea o cee aaca epoopee a o (e eee yx aco) poeyo pee yp paccapaeoo epoa.

Opaee aoeo opao ceepcx ax, xo ae AC e epooc 10 y.

Ha cyaaoo yace Caapa-pacoapec MH Caapacac 1220 epeaa eec ec HC, aa oopx oopyoaa 4 acpa acoc apeaa HM 10000-210 Cycoo aoa c poo o epoaee CT 8000-2 cecoo ypoeepaopoo aoa. poe oo, a opx poocex Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru oaax C Caapa ycaoe 4 oopx apeaa a Bapo acoo pooca c epopoo opx-Bepe-KR 7032H, ooc 2000 B, pooca epa. B opax exooecx peo opeee apaep epea c oopeeo paoo e oee e o ooy acocy a HC, o oeceae aoy pooeoc 43306880 3/ac (36,457,8 ./o).

Ha cyaaoo yace Caapa-pacoapec MH CaapaTxope 8201020 epeaa eec HC, aa oopx oopyoaa 4 acpa acoc apeaa HM 3600-230 Cycoo aoa c poo o epoaee CT 2500-2 cecoo ypoeepaopoo aoa. B 1995 oy 170,3 pyopooa a epeyoea pya 1020 , o ooo oc poycy cocooc c 20,7 o 21,7 ./o. Peepyap ap HC Caapa-1 coco epex peepyapo PBC-20000 c oeo oc 57342 3. oooa e epeae eec CCH peepyapo ape oeo oc 134930 3.

oaoe coopye oox pyopooo coee.

Ocoe xapaepc acocx ca yaco pyopooo ey a cyaaoo yace Caapa-pacoapec a ae 3.

Taa 3 Ocoe xapaepc HC yaco pyopooo a cyaaoo yace Caapa-pacoapec MH Caapa -cac MH Caapa -Txope HC Hacoc / o- a, a. Hacoc / o- a, a.

ae o ae o HM-10000-210/ HM-3600-230/ Caapa 4 CT-8000-2 CT-2500-2-67,715 1,1856 47,392 0,HM-10000-210/ ea CT-8000-2-4 3 - - CT-75,547 1,1918 90,108 0,HM-10000-210/ HM-3600-230/ Coxoa 4 CT-8000-2 CT-2500-2-87,749 1,1930 86,775 0,HM-10000-210/ HM-3600-230/ pa CT-8000-2-4 4 CT-2500-2-CT-6300-2-104,31 1,1927 103,344 0,HM-10000-210/ HM-3600-230/ opoaea CT-8000-2-4 4 CT-2500-2-CT-6300-2-6,264 0,71,560 1,65,180 0,HM-10000-210/ HM-3600-230/ Tepoa CT-8000-2-4 4 CT-2500-2-46,792 0,CT-6300-2-52,098 1,3,300 0,pacoapec aaa epoopee oex HC, cyaaox yaco MH, PH Peoaoo ypae eo yoo coca epeec aac a aa epo pee. O apao aoo aaca pee ae 4.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Taa 4.

Haeoae co ypa epoopee [1] Cyooe opeee HC ypa epoopee [2] Copoe opee HC ypa epoopee [3] Cocee y HC oep ooe ce Ccea cocaa:

[4] - aoe opeee Meo xapaepx cyo - peaoe opeee aeca cocaa ypa epoopee [5] Texooece y HC [6] Tpacop e Cya pa [7]+[8]+[9]+[10] ypa epoopee [7] X HC oep epoaex Macpax acoco:

- ccea cocaa Meoa pacea oep [8] - aeca cocaa ao ooc oopx acoco: cxpoo aee - ccea cocaa - aeca cocaa oep acocax - ccea cocaa [9] - aeca cocaa opya (1013) Macpae oope [10] apa eo ac opya (24) [11] oep a peyope opya (23) Paoc poaecx [12] opya (22) aopo [13] paece oep (a) opya (21) [14] paece oep (pace) opya (18) [15] Cepxopae oep Paa pa [13] - [14] [16] poe oep [1] [2] - [3] - [6]] Ee epe cex apaepo a ec B. Bce pacee e epeca c yeo oea: 1 B = 3,6106 .

paa [16] oaae caac oyeo ( ce c ooo e) opeeo epx.

Cpaee aecoo, peaepoaoo (aooo) paceoo epoopee ae pecaee o oooc oo epopecypco.

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .