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1 AHA COOBAH ETPOHEP P PEEH TEXHOOECX AA EPEA HET Bae M.A., yyo C.E., aao B.A.

ucu ocyapcme emo mexuecu yuepcumem B oceee pe cooec c eepa aoo "O epocepee" 28-3, a ae c pao eapaea ocyapceoo epeecoo aopa epocepee Mepo P o 16 epa 2001 .

10 O poee oaex epeecx oceoa a pepx opaax, Pocc yeec ooe ae poea epocepee. ae epo ooecoo pca Pocc ce o e oe 1996 . A Tpace pacxooaa 5037 . B [1]. Cyapa ycaoea ooc epopoo oo oo acoco ca cocae ec eaa, o opeee oooe opeee epoep co oo Bac. Oao oo ac o ep ec oeo coyeo. ooy aaa paoaoo pacxooa epoep ec ayao a c ooeco, a c execo oe pe.

Ceo A "Tpace" o 11 peoax ypae, 46800 pyopooo, 395 acocx ca, 868 peepyapo oe oc 12.7 .3, cepce ceapoae pep. Macpae eepoo (MH) aoepo oa oecea pacop 99,5% oaeo Pocc e (301,1 . o e c ecopoe Pocc, aaxcaa ecaa [2]), x 56% oea epeaaec a pee Pocc a cop.

Aa pao acpax eepooo oaae, o ocoo po, poe epepacxoy epoep, ec epaoa op peo pao acocx apeao. Hapep, oe oep epoep oy oa p eopye eepooa, o ae paoy acoco epoaee c oeo oeoo ec (). Boao epaoep ocaa e, oae oa paoe ocooo oopyoa eeepeaae ca (HC) po oy, o poecce oaa oce eo a eoxo op ox peo pao HC, oecpyx eooca e xo a aa oe epea. Aaoa cya oae p aoo ee poyco cocooc, peye e oe acoco HC.

Paoa acoca acoc pope pe a cyaaoo yace acpax eepooo. Oao p o ee pea pao oo acoca po ee ae pacxoa o ceo acpaoo pyopooa, o ae eoxooc peypoa pao acoco a cex HC, oopoe apaeo a peee exooecx aa paoo e ya epeecx aceo pacopa e.

oepa oax peo pyopooa, eoxoo aoe Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru peypoae oa acoco. Oao acoee pe a HC peypoae acoco pooc cyeao ocpeco cooa ecox acoco c pa aepa paox oc. Tao coco peypoa exooecoo poecca epea e, o-epx, po eopye ocooo oopyoa, , o-opx, peoaae ace yc ox C acocx apeao. Tae yc copooac cyece oep epeco ep, .. ycoe o ecoo pa pea oae. ooy pecae epec oea oep epoep C acoco p apye, oo o oao, a ae oea oep epoep p yce. B eoopx cyax, pe epepo ey e C ooc 8 MB eee 2 aco, .e. aec pocxo yc opeo coco, o cae cpo cy o ooo. B cceoax oaoa .. [3] oaao, o 7090 % cex oao pocxo oe yco ocaoo acocx apeao.

poe aox ceepcx oec a paoy MH, p aao pee cee poyco cocooc ceo cyaaooo yaca oe poo -a ceyx aopo:

- epeea apya eepooa, oycoea pao ocao e c poco, eepooo a eeepepaaae ao;

- eee peooecx xapaepc epeaaex oce, ae ceo ec ee eepayp pya, oceoaeo epeao ap pax ee, c pa coepae o, apao, pacopeoo aa ..;

- exooece aop - eee apaepo acoco, x ee ee, ae aaco e coox eoce, eee oea peo-caox oepa ..;

- aape peoe cya, ae aap a eo ac eepooa oaa oopyoa [3].

Heoope x aopo ecy cceaec, eoope - epoec. Bce o coae yco, p oopx pe pao cce aa epeca ce - epoae - acoc - eepoo epepo ec o pee.

oea poyco cocooc eepooa ee, a a eooo ycpa oece cex oex aopo. o apye cyaa eepooo, po oe apaa epoep, o cooeceo yeae ceecooc epea, cae aeoc pao eepooo. Ocoeo opaeo caaec epaoepoc epea a peax cyaa acoco epoaee.

Ha pcye 1 oaao aecoe pacpeeee epoep a HC Caapa-2 o xapaepy cooa. ep a pacop e cocae 67,1%, oopx a cepxopae oep pacxoyec oee oo;

oep epoep a ocoo oopyoa 30,7% (ae 4,6% acoc 26,1%) x epoepea pacopaopax 2,2%.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Pcyo 1 Pacpeeee epoep a HC e ao pao ec aa p ce eoc cyaa MH, oope po cepxopa (epeaepye) oep epeco ep p epeae e, a paeco ac ce cce MH, a epeco. p o ocooe ae yeec a paoy epooopyoa HC exooecx apaepo epea, opeeex ypa oec ceepco MH, oecpye o ay cee poyco cocooc, acoc, -a yppyx ooe, coe aa o. ae epeaepoae oep epoep peaaec opae a p ocoe cocae:

1. e e a e e a a e e a a a a e e e e e a e e e a e 2. a e a e e e e e a a a e 3. a e a e a a a e e e a e e e - a a a B paoax yyoa C.E. [4], oocoepa B.. [5] eao ye exooece pe ce epoopee c yeo ocoe exooecx peo oppoae aopo cce yoaoo aocpoa.

ece papao, a pao, aapy aoe-o oo eo eo epoopee. Papaoa TP - oec o opeee acocx apeao [6] pecae aop caceco opao ax oopa acocoo apeaa aex apaepo ae a caca aea Pc; P, opeeo ooc N, aco pae Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru aa n. Cpaee epeecx oaaee eec c acop ae . Moea oaa opeeec o po ooc c occaoeo xapaepc acocoo apeaa.

B paoe cya Mexa PAH Meoa oe eoc cooa epoep a epeay e ooae ce ocoe cocae epoapa a pacop e, yae c peao oooc aepo exooecx apaepo cyecye cceo . Bepe peoeo coeco c acoco-co oopyoae aapoa aop yaco acpaoo pyopooa [7]. Oao ax paoax ocycye aa pao acoco ee eo ac pyopooa a ocooe epooopyoae HC: coe pacopaop, epoepea, cxpoe acxpoe epoae.

Cee apa ep a epeay, oeceaee yyee exo-ooecx oaaee eepooo, ae eoxooc ocooo oopa pea pao ce cce aa epeca ce - epoae - acoc - eepoo, a cex ex eo opee ep cyaao yaco MH. opo a opeee epoep a pax yacax cce: epeco ce, a ocoo oopyoa, a eo ac MH, ae a ceee a exooec apaepa (aop, pooeoc, aee ..) acoee pe caoc ce oee aya.

B ao paoe poeeo ooee epooep o y aeop:

cceo aeco cocae.

Cucmea cocmaa oep epoep, oopa xapaepye opeee ep ycaoe oopyoae oao pee eo cyaa oe eea oo ceo coceo oopyoa;

Hapep, xapaepo ocoeoc cex HC ec opo aac o ycaoe ooc. Ta, apep, a HC "Caapa2" ycaoe pexax pexooox pacopaopa TTH-40000/110, oao ooc 40 c.BA a p opeoc o acocoy apeay 40004500 B coo e o py ca opee, .e. oe apy 1522%.

uaueca cocmaa epooep oae a ce ooe peo cyaa o oaoo, a ae o pe ecaoapoo (eycaoeoc) pea e pyopooe. oep oo poa, yya peae cyaa cce e ae ocooo oopyoa.

o eoe pacea, oep epoep ocox yax epeco ce oo opae a oep epoep epoaex ccee epocae HC pacopaopax oyx aex x.

B paoe pee, p apye oo o oao, cyape oep ooc C yy pa [8] Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru 1 + 2x cos2 d PC = P + P 2 cos2 + P, (1) oc. c. . 2 1 + x + 2x sin d d e Poc. ocoe oep (oep ca exaece oep);

Pc. oep ooe caopa p oao oe caopa I, a oaoe oep;

P. oep a oyee p oao oe oye I..;

oe apy C o ao ooc;

k paoc oa oye;

cos oa oe ooc C;

xd cxpooe yoe copoee o pooo oc oocex eax.

Ccea cocaa oep opeeec a oep ooc ee oao ooc, oop paccapaeo pee e oe apy =1. Tao ae, cece ee ooc ee, o cpae c ycaoe, ee oep ooc P P, oc. c. a cece ee cyape oep. Ooa x epe PC OT. oep peca coo ccey cocay aecx oep PC. Toa aecy cocay oo opee o pae:

PC H = PC - PC OT p ao pao cceo aeco cocae oep ooc oao apyeo aee oo aca:

1 - 1 - PC OT = PC OT = PHOM 1- 1- 1- PC H = PHOM - PHOM = (1- ) PHOM cxpooo ae aao ec apya a ay, opeeea exao. ye peypoa oa oye oo ycaaa pae pe pao: cos = const (a ac cya cos = 1), pe p ocoo aee oa oye ocoo ae peao ooc. oo o pe opoc o oooc oo oo pea, eoxoo opee oep epoep ao peo.

Taa 1 - Hapyoe oep, B, aee a CT-8000- 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1, 1. 83,74 85,71 89,00 93,60 99,52 106,75 115,30 125,16 136,34 148,cos = 2. I=I o 161,75 162,23 163,04 164,18 165,68 167,57 169,88 172,65 175,98 179,cos = cos 3. 85,14 88,96 94,57 101,97 110,97 121,90 134,28 148,16 163,43 179,4. Q=Qo 114,87 116,84 120,13 124,73 130,65 137,88 146,43 156,29 167,47 179,o peyaa paceo ca oo pea c pe c oco oeo ooc. Haoee oo x ec pe c cos = 1, a a o pee ocycy oep Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru oycoee epeae peao ooc, o cae ape ooo caopa poopa.

P, B 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 Pcyo 2 acoc apyox oep CT-8000-2 o apy pax peax oye.

p ce apy C caec acoa ea oep ooc C, o pace o oep ooc, opeeo ce, o oaae cee ae epea eo. ooee oep ooc, ae eopyo C, o cpae co cyae, oa aeca apya a ay C a paa oao ooc, opeec o pae o - P = P, (2) o. C ap o e Pap ooc apy a ay ae;

o oa ae;

aec ae p aeco apye.

Aaoo p eoo apye acoca cc eo , yy e eco ooee oep ooc o cpae co cyae, oa aeca ooc apy acoca a paa oao ooc.

o aao c (2) ooex oep ooc acoce oo aca o - P = Q H (3) o. ac.

o yc ox C copooac cyece oep epeco ep yco oa, pea ecoo pa oae. Meoa paca ycox oep C oe cyae ae ce: pac apaepo cxe aee C, ocpoee coeco (acoc Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru ae) ycoo exaeco xapaepc opeeee pee yca.

ooo pacea peyec opee acoc ax copoe ooo C o coe. Oao ae acoc, a pao, eec.

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