WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 || 6 |

Lophotrochozoa (pc. 14). a oa pe e paec oco cpaex aaoo opooo, ocoy e ee oex opooecx oepe.

B peyae a cceoa p oo oe aa cpoe opo pyx Lophophorata, oopa, e opa ocox ooe apxeoao oe ooo oeypo oee, ooe paccapa opo a eaepx ox. oaec peca ocoe ooe o oo oe.

Opa yo ax paccye cao ae y pecaee Lophophorata aepax eeepe. opo, a ye yoaoc, aepae eeep paoac a peya caa peoo op a cy copoy (Wilson, 1881; Maae, 1962). M ye yaa, o a eaa oe eceoc e oepaec xoo eaopoa o opo. B cao ee, a opo oce e caaec a cy copoy e pae U-opay opy. poco oppyec ae a po copoe ea (pc. 15). Poc eacoaoo poca pocxo epeypo oc ea epeypo oc eaep, ec aoa a. aepae eeep opayc eacoao poce ococ epeypo epee-ae oc , o ec o ococ, oopo pacoaac ccee ey ceea. Ta, oe , aePc. 14. ooee opo ccee ooo apca, coaco o a oeypo oee.

pae eeep peca coo ccee ey y yo ceea (pc. 15A) Taa paoa oepaec e, o a aepax eeepx opac opo epe (pc. 15B), a o ee eco y x eaepx Bilateria. B o cyae opo o paccapac a eaepe, oee ooepe opa, ee a yox ceea.

Tpaoa aepax eeepe opo a cceea oya coy oepy, ec oaaoc, o aepae eeep pyx ooopa e ay e ppoy. epeco, o oa pe a aepae eeep paxoo a a ccee caaac ee pa e aa (Gutmann et al., 1978). e a e oya aoo pacpocpae.

oce ce ocoeoce opaa eaopoa o paxoo Craniida a a cpoe paxoo cyeceo ec. a oaaoc a Neocrania anomala ee eaepoe cpoee (Nielsen, 1991). ee ec p ap yo eo, oop cooecy p ap eoecx eo (c eap pepooo eo). p eaopoe a N. anomala caPc. 15. oeeca cxea peopaoa aa cpoe opo oeee. A oeec ooep peo opo c pe oea eoa, p o yo eo opaee a a ceea cceeo, a oopo opac opo epe. oee epaoo a, oop aaec e ea ccee. B cxeapoaoe copeeoe cocoe.

aec a py copoy.

epe ac co copo ee a aaey cy (paxay) copy, a a ac co copo epay (eay) copy. peoaaec, o poecc opaa oeeece peopaoa aa cpoe paxoo.

Ec p e o caa paxoo, o caoc o ae y x aepax eeepe. O cooecy y oceoae cceea, oope e yoe peox op paxoo a p ceea (pc. 16).

Ceeapa ppoa aepax eeepe oepaec e, o a x opac opo epe, a o aco ae y eaepx ox (apep, ae). eoopx pecaee opa Lingulida eec e ap oa, aa oopx caa c cooecy aepa eeepe. Bce o oaae, o paxoo coxpa ceeapy opaa o poco coco, o eaep acpyec cpee epee-ae oc. Ta opao, paxoo e oe yox ceeo, e opo. paxoo e ap aepax eeepe , cooeceo, p yox ceea. opo e oy apy aepax eeepe , cooeceo, a yox ceea. oee paea eoeca eaep y paxoo oppepye c ae y o eaepx yo eo.

Ta opao, Lophophorata oaac eaep o. O ce eoecx oapeo y opo oaaec a: pepooo eo (pae y o Phoronopsis e eocoo pa o aopa opao, a y pocx op e eoa coa), ooopooo yae eo, a yox ceea. paxoo eaep paea y oee: y x eec p yox ceea, paeex y apa aepax eeepe. opo paxoo, a opao ooepe oe (pc. 16). pa x ooepoc oa coco o, o aa oc ea pocx op oex pyax epeypa oc eaep. oepe pa, o ooe peopaoa aa cpoe y opo paxoo poea o-paoy, o opaaec pao xapaepe eaopoa ( oo pye opayec po poc, a pyo pye eo caaec a py copoy). , e e eee, oex pyax eaep yepaec opaa pocx op. o oop o o, o eaep aca epa opaa ooopa (pc.

16). Ecea pya Lophophorata, y oopo eaep ypaea ooc, o a. ec ypaa eaepoc caa c pae apae oex ocoe oo.

Oapyee eaep y ooopa ooe c coo cee epooc peoo, o eaepa opaa epa cex Lophotrochozoa (pc. 16). oee oo, o a, o Craniida e eaepe y eo (oope e ea oxe) ooe peoaa, o eaepe eooce pa o caoop pa Lophotrochozoa, epo peo o py e aey opaa. Oeo pea Pc. 16. peopaoae aa cpoe oeeece ooe Lophophorata.

Lophotrochozoa ceye peca cee a opa c paeo eoeco eaepe eaep eooc paa (pc. 16).

Payeec, o e oaae, o ae pea ooopa. Ae o e Spiralia x pae xapaepyec o py caoop, a eo, eeppoa cpa poee eoacec cocoo aa eoeco eoep, epye aao o 4d acoepa. Paaoe eeeppoaoe poee ooeoe coco aa eoeco eoep (a epoe), ecoeo, oee pe ep pa. o ooa o eeeppoaoo paaoo poe copoy eeppoaoo cpaoo, o ooeox cocoo aa eoep aae eoep o yx eo-eoaco, o e aoopo. o oaae, o Lophophorata oec o coa Lophotrochozoa pae ooe ax caoop, a cpaoe poee eoacec coco aa eoep.

Coxpaee y ooopa px ep pa oppepye c e po apxaecx ocoeoce x aeo opaa: ooap e opoax o (a pece yp) pocx op, eao-ee e epce o, eao-ee e ee pocx op, eao-ee ooape e c eoa o pocx ox, paeaoe pacooee epo cce, ee opaa epoo ecyca, ocyce ocoo cyecyx oa p.

Cpaoe poee eoacec coco aa eoep (apy c py epa opaa) caoop Trochozoa (syn. Spiralia). A ec caoop y Lophophorata, e, ya yaeaoe pae ae cpoe opo paxoo, oe oaac, o Lophophorata oeeca pya Ha pecaec, o ae caoop oy ae. cex Lophophorata p eaopoe pocxo pey o ce pepooo oac ece c aa opao. B peyae oo y pocx ooopa pepooo oe peypoa o cee ooceo eooo coa e aoooo a, oop aaaec c c aa opao. Bopa caoop oee paoa o ae ooopa. ec ao oepy, o pe e e o peco yaeo aapae ooe, a eo o ooope c opeee ao cpoe.

BBO 1. Oapyeo, o opo xapaepyc coxpaee ooo aoee apxax apao opaa epca cpe pexcox ox o ooco ooap pop epc.

2. B peyae poeeoo opo-yoaoo aaa paooo aapaa opo yo peooee o ooo exae pa cepea ac y opo, coaco oopoy paep ac opeeec paccoe ey aepo-poa peca yae, a epx ey coo cao yaa eeo pa.

3. opo oaa paepao epo cceo, opaoao o y epoo ecyca. Bepe oapyeo, o cpoe cex eeo epo cce poceaec e a eoo apxeyp: eocpeceo a aao aco poxo epe ooa, opaye epo, a pacoaac ea eoox eo, a ee e ea epx eo. Coca cpyypa epoo ecyca poaa opoca oepax oepax eo, caex o ooaea.

4. Bepe oapyeo, o oea pooa ycyaypa opo opaoaa eao-e yo ea. Mycyaypa ce ea ec a e coaoepo yooo eoa.

5. Bepe a ypacpyypo ypoe oaao ae pepo opaa eoa y Phoronopsis harmeri. ooc ea pecaea pe oea eoa: pepoo, yae yo. eoeca ca cex oeo opaoaa ooap eao-e ea. B yoo eoe poe opco-epaoo eeep ec aepae eeep.

6. poeoca ccea opo aya, cooopaoaa. Oapyeo, o cpoe ce poeocx cocyo oo e p ax a opaa: yxcoa, pexcoa eccoa.

7. peoeo ooe opaeee eapeoo paa opo a ceye oe: oa, eo, peeyo, eyo, opeca ac, cpe, a pa . Bo cex oeax acpoepc pecae ooap pop ea. Apxao ocoeoc cooeco opaa ea opo ec o, o eye cpee e acpoepc opaoa eao-e ea.

8. Beee opa pecae ap ep, coco peco opo eeoo aaa. Bepe oapyeo, o y opo ee eco ooo op cpoe cao ac ep. po ocoeoc cooeco opaa eex opao opo ec coxpaee oeao ppo eo opo aaa.

9. opo e ocoo cyecyx oa. Bepe poceeo pae oooe eo aoepoeao a o eoecx eo ce poeocoo cocya. Ooee opo oxapaepoa a ayoceec c pa oyo. Bepe poeea peocpy aaoeco opaa ypacpyyp ooopax opao aeax ee opo.

10. oaao, o poee a opo eeeppoaoe, poeae o paaoy y. Oapyeo, o y opo e eco apa a poe, cae c ocoeoc pa ( oe o poax coex).

11. Bepe opo oaao, o eoepa oppyec yx aao epeeo aeo. epe aao opayec a ce pa eo ae aao pepoooy yaeoy eoa, a aao oppyec epoe cocoo ae aao yooy eoy.

12. Oapyeo, o y opo cyecye oppe ey o pa opaae .

13. Bepe pecaeo ooe ocae pocoeco aao ypacpyyp cex cce opao o opo. Oapyeo, o opo e o, o ce pecx ypax, opaoa ooap ea, a eoopx yacax ea eao-e ooap ea.

14. Pece yp aopox o coey ooe oy ooopoa c cooecy pec ypa o epopox opopox. Oapyeo, o pepooo pec yp aopox paoae a e a poopox y o epopox, a ocpooo a e a cooecy pec yp opopox.

15. Oapyeo, o y o opo cyecy a a opaa eoeco cce. oaao ae co pep eoa y o poa Phoronopsis.

16. Ocaa poeoca ccea y o opo, ae oopo yaa ocoeoc opaa aopox o ecooox.

17. Bepe oapyeo, o ycyaypa o opo opaoaa yo e ea acoe, oope e opay ee, a x copaa ac opaoaa o y oepeo-oocao ycyayp.

18. Bepe oca eaopo Phoronopsis harmeri. oaao, o xoe eaopoa oa ac peopao oac ece c aa opao peypyec. ee yaa oa eocpeceo ox. oa poeoca ccea caoc poeoco cceo pocoo ooo. Beee opa pocoo ooo cy epoc: ee aa opayec oepaoo aaa pooep, a opoa eoepaoo e eoeco c.

19. Pe poo ay opo a ee cocae 12 ax o (2 x ocao aopo acoe pao). Bceo aye Pocc apecppoao 8 o opo ( x 3 oapye aopo pao): 8 opx aeo Bocoa, 3 epo ope, 1 eo ope. Bepe cocae opeee cex ecx o opo.

20. Be opooece pa, oo aeo epoa pooy oy paeoc o opo. B oax Pocc oapye 6 o opo. Bepe cocae opeee o opo.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 || 6 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .