WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |

B aece oe opco cpe pec poa pooa oepxoc, aa oopx coepaa 12 oepc oeco op (y pacp oyca () ec - o 7,5 o payco). Oepc oe aca aoc e, ae oe oeaac caa, apaee aoe oooeo ece oc. Oepc aoc e, ooc oc oopx ec cooeceo: 780940 /3 1,217,5 ac. B aece cyex pacopo C cooac oe pacop:

ayceco co (Na2CO3), xopa a (KCl), NaCl CaClooc - 11001300 /3 epaae 130350 /. Bpe oaa C c e cooecoao pooeoc poco ca o pe peoo epoy oa ocoe cocao o 3-x o 14 cyo.

Peya cceoa a aee e epaoa pacopa oaa, o co popeapoax aao c pa ya pacp a pooo oe opco cpe oe, e a poo. Bpe ecoo ocye eeacee aa pao C a poox oex opco cpe ee, e a pox oex. Ha poox oex opco cpe epe ee aceoc aao pa pocxo eee 12 cyo oapoa. Haoee ecoe aeee e C aa poeye pee o 72 o 144 aco.

Ha pox oex opco cpe ocoe ee aceoc poea eee 48-168 . aa aee e o pacopa epax coe a poox pox oex opco cpe c = 37,50 coco oo oaaa a pcye 3.

NaCl KCl CaClKCl NaCl CaCl20 50 80 110 140 170 200 230 260 290 Bpe, pooa oe; poa oe opco cpe.

Pcyo 3 aa aee e o pacopa epax coe a pooo poo oex opco cpe aaa a aee e C a oex opco cpe coco oo poee pace epeaa apoo ae o opye P2, (1) = P R e, % o aao, aoex e - paccae ae apx ae p pax P R aex yax pacp oyco, a; R0- payc apoo a, r pa oey oy e, xoe oecy opy, .; r1 - payc eca, .; - oepxocoe aee a pae paea pacope, H/.

Paccae ae apoo ae a ooee, a opaee. o oce o a, o aeee oy e pacopo C oe pocxo e oo copoy pacpe op, o copoy e cye, o po epepacpeee oc .

pa C epeeaec oee ee op, a aco ecec x oee pye. o poecc pooaec o aooo paoec. p o oe poo apyee caoc a, oopoe coppoaoc oe poecca aee oo oc pyo, .e.

op, o oop pocxoo ecee e C, oy oaac oapoa oe aea e C, o caec a cocooc opco cpe poyca epe ce . cooae cepeax poo pooo oee opco cpe ooe cy o oeceo pa ee apoo ae aco c pao ppoo caaeoc (pcyo 4).

o pacp oyca, pa 37,5 45 52,5 60 67,5 -R R R R 0 0 0 - = 10; - = 50; - = 100; - coooee payca oy e r r r r 1 1 1 paycy eca oecoo aaa; pooa oe;

poa oe.

Pcyo 4 eee apoo ae pax yax pacp oyca aaa pa p aee e o pacopa epax coe apoe aee, a apoe ae copooaec eee ooaceoc opo pcao oe aca. caoeo, o epepacpeeee o, epec pcay ac eeocoo aca, pocxo ocaoo cpo, pacpocpac y aca. ce oeo pooe paa C ac ocae eo aoec c opooopay epaa coy pae oa. cxo oo, poee ooee o o ye a aee e pacopa C c oaa pax peaeo.

cepe pooc c coee ex e yco, o cceoax c epaoa oa. B aece ox pacopo C cooac:

1 Pacop peaeo (oepae 0,1% acc.) peco oe:

a) oepxoco-aoo eeca (Heoo-A-9-12);

) pooaopa ();

2 oc ye ca (coca H-1) peco oe:

a) 0,1% acc. pacop H-1;

) 0,1% acc. pacop H-1+ AB (Heoo-A-9-12).

poeee cceoa aee pax opao e pa a C oo oy ypae pepecc pacea epeaa apoo ae acoc o coooe R0/r1 oex opco cpe, peee ae 1.

Taa 1 - pae pacea epeaa apoo ae Moe opco cpe poa pooa R R = -1,4 ln 0 + 2,2 = -1,7 ln 0 + P P r r oe oppe ax ypae coca 0,95... 0,97.

apoe aee, oaee opoo pocpace poo cpe, cpee 12-16 pa ee, e opoo pocpace pooo cpe. o ocec ppoo caaeoc oepxoc oe opco cpe acope ooeo C a oepxoc aaa. B peyae pocxo yeee paeoo ya caa, o ceecye o pooa oepxoc. Poc paeoo ya caa oepeae oopeeoe cee oepxocoo ae a pae paea e C, o ec ocoo po oe epeaa apoo ae aae pa.

poeee o a aee ee pa cocaa C oyee peya oeca eeacex aao a pooo poo oex opco cpe oaa cooeceo ae 2.

Taa 2 - Peya aee e C a pooo poo oex opco cpe Boc o aao, aoex e, % e, Boe pacop C a pooo a poo ac oe oe Pacop KCl 83 1,Pacop NaCl 50 Pacop CaCl2 83 Pacop KCl 17 Pacop NaCl 83 Pacop CaCl2 46 1,0,1% acc. p-p (B+AB) 30 0,1% acc. p-p (B+H-1) 0 0,1% acc.p-p (H-1+AB) 59 0,1% acc. p-p (B+) 74 Pacop KCl 52 Pacop NaCl 42 Pacop CaCl2 32 6,0,1% acc. p-p (B+AB) 53 0,1% acc. p-p (B+H-1) 68 0,1% acc. p-p (H-1+AB) 68 0,1% acc. p-p (B+) 82 Pacop KCl 58 9,Pacop NaCl 75 Pacop CaCl2 58 Pacop KCl 83 17,Pacop NaCl 83 Pacop CaCl2 67 Ha ocoa oex cepeo e ceye aooepoc:

a) opoax, ex poy oepxoc, ecee pocxo ceppoae ecaae a (e) a pae cye pacpe, yxyac yco ece e. oo yce poecca ceppoa eo a, c yeee o paepo op cye oaec epea ae, eoxo poxoe epe eoy op opoao oy e.

) opo c pooo cpeo epea ae oo ye a ce ce eaoo ae a pae oa - e, o ec ye xecoo ceppoa e. Ha oe ooa cepea poox oex opco cpe co aao, aoex e o 1,3 paa ee, e pox oex.

B pee ae pecae peya aoece C c epo oepxoc aao pa c aco a. Papaoa eo oe eye eeaceoc, ye aooepoc ee oeo ooceo poaeoc o e o oe eppex apoax opx opo.

Ha pope aa-poa pooc cceoa aoec oopooo p e oae c epaoa pacopa:

Na2CO3, CaCl2, KCl. Ha ocoa oyex peyao poee pace oea ayxa (aa 3).

Taa 3 - oe ayxa oopooo Mepaoae pacop NaCl KCl CaCl2 Na2COoe ayxa 0,89 0,62 0,58 0,oopooo peae - oe ayxa p oae c cpoao oo coca 1,83.

poee aa ecoc aoec oopooo c coe pacopa oaa, o ocoepax oeopo aece C eecoopaee cooa pacop coepae Na2CO3.

yee ca e peapeoo oopa cocaa C c yeo cocaa acoo o oe pec ae ocaa opco cpee . Bepooc ocae coe ocaoo ea, a a oo coac yco apye xecoo paoec cece ee epoaecx yco ee oce cea ecoecx o.

B paoe poee pace o poopoa ae epx ocao yco pee ox C. Pace oooc ae ocao coe p aae epaoax pacopo ac ax eaacceo a ceye peya:

1 cooae pacopa CaCl2 aece C a ecopoex Boo-pacoo eaaccea po ae a apoax (CaCO3), a cyax (c) coe.

2 Ha ecopoex aao-Cpcoo eaaccea aaa pacopa CaCl2 oe ococ aee co apoaa a.

o peyaa cceoa poecco epepacpeee ox yeoopox a a oex opco cpe oye oe eeaceoc opo :

a) poo oepxoc caaeoc:

S = 87 0,25Tp + 0,02 0,032 + 0,27. (2) oe oppe coca R2 = 0,52;

) pooo oepxoc caaeoc:

S=1,64 0,07Tp + 1,79 + 0,04 + 1,45. (3) oe oppe coca R2 = 0,69, e S eya eeaceoc, %; Tp pe poco ca, ;

oc eapoao e, ac; - paoc ooce ey C acoo e, /3; - oepxocoe aee a pae C-e, H/.

oyee aeaece oe oo cooa ex ecopoe co cey apaepa: ooc 780940 /3 acox ycox, oc 218 ac p eeaceoc opo 85-95% epe poeee oepa ye ca. ecopoe ee c oac o epecex oxecx coc ee oe eeaceoc opo oo oy oce poee aaox cceoa.

Maeaece oe oe eeaceoc opo oo ocyec op ooc C, coy ae oc, ooc e ae oepxocoo ae a pae paea pacop C - e (pcyax 5 6).

1100 /1150 /1200 /1250 /1300 /10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 Bpe poco ca, ooc C 1300 /3; ooc C 1250 /3; ooc C 1200 /3; ooc C 1150 /3; ooc C 1100 /3.

Pcyo 5 pe eeaceoc opo c pooo ppoo caaeoc 1300 /1250 /1200 /1150 /1100 /10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 Bpe poco ca, ac ooc C 1300 /3; ooc C 1250 /3; ooc C 1200 /3; ooc C 1150 /3; ooc C 1100 /3.

Pcyo 6 pe eeaceoc opo c poo ppoo caaeoc Heeaceoc, % Heeaceoc, % pcyo 5 6 o, o a eeaceoc opo p cooa ex o ooc C ac o ppo caaeoc aao pa. Ta, coxpae eeaceoc aao pa a ypoe 75-80% p pee C ooc 11001300 /3 a ecopoex c peyeceo pooo oepxoc aao pe oaa opo opo c C oo 1,paa ee, e ca, cpx ac c poo cpeo.

aaa paoc oepa ye ca a EX aca cooac ae aopaopx cceoa pa C eeacex eppex apoax opoax. o epe yee paoc oepa ye cyecye ee yee aao aceoc o oe ce aao aceoc o e. Ta opao, cee poaeoc a o e, a oe, pocxoee , ec ocoo po yee oea poyoc ca. C cooae x peyao oye acoc oeo oocex poaeoce oee aca o e o oe o ooaceoc paoc o ye-ocoe cooeceo eppex (4) apoax (5) oeopo:

' K = 0,378- 0,322S - 0,006 N, (4) ' K = 0,203+ 0,038S - 0,004 N ' K = 0,356- 0,356S - 0,009 N, (5) ' K = 0,181+ 0,046S - 0,005 N e S ooaceoc aca; N paoc o ye-ocoe ca.

oe oppe ypae coca R2 = 0,660,93.

C yeo ae aao oeo ooaceoc opao eppex apoax opo pacca x oocee poaeoc o e oe oce epoo a oepa ye-ocoe, oope oaa a pcye 7.

0,0,0,0, 0,0,0,0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,Booaceoc, . e.

- = f (S) eppeoo opaa; - = f (S) eppeoo opaa;

' ' - = f (S) apoaoo opaa; - = f (S) apoaoo opaa.

' ' Pcyo 7 aa oeo ooceo poaeoc o e oe acoc o ooaceoc oce epoo a oepa ye-ocoe oyee peya oaa, o ye oce epoo a ye-ocoe cee poaeoc opo o e cocae 1523%. pe e ce poaeoc apoax oeopo e ( 1,5 paa), e eppex oeopo.

B eepo ae pecae peya opeee pooeoc aee cao oc a oc ye ca coe ca p poee oepa ye.

poeee oepa ye ca epe peoa acoc o y cyca acoca oec y cocoa:

- pea ac caoo acoca (xoco) axoc e epao epopa aca;

- pea ac caoo acoca (xoco) axoc a ypoe epao epopa.

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .