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Ha paax pyoc Coxa Bop epoa CCEOBAHE PEAEHTHOO METOA OCT CTOHX BO OT OHOB TEX METAOB Ceaoc 03.00.16 oo ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a 2002 2 Paoa oea co ocyapceo aaoo execo yepcee Haye pyooe: oop execx ay, poeccop pacoopca Haa Hoaea;

oop xecx ay, cap ay copy ecpo Caca Bace.

Oae ooe: oop execx ay, poeccop Haapo Bap pe;

aa execx ay aya aa axoa.

Beya opaa eepaoe ocyapceoe yapoe pepe coe popocpoeoe pooceoe oeee aa cococ 18 eap 2002 oa 11:30 a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.06 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy: 450062, Pecya aopoca, . a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca op 2002 oa.

e cepeap ccepaooo coea Caoo H.A.

3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc e. apee ppoo cpe oa ex eao pecae oy oacoc ocep. oo eocpeceoo ocecoo ec a e pacee opa ee ea e ee aaa ex ex, o ycae x oacoc eoea. oaa ooe, o eoe pe axoc aoee oaco oo ope ae epexo caoe cocoe (ooy opy, oe oca pye aopacope coee) pooa peca oeay ypoy.

Tee ea, oaa opyay cpey, cyeceo a ceoc, oo coca eeeoc oeo poo. O py poecc epaa cea pax eec oe, oa xae oex poopao, cococy oe yaex coc.

Oeocecoe ece ex eao a eoea ox po ee eeoc epao epepeco epo cce, poeope, ypee cepe; cococye ooe oaecex ooopaoa apye aapaa aceceoc.

a apooe coo ocye ex eao opyay cpey c aaece pooca. poe ape ppox cyccex occe e eaa ooece poe aaoex ococ e, o a opac ec oo aoee ooex. B c c oco poco e a epopecypc eooo aae, cococye pee poe copae oaoo pacxooa cee o, ec coae exoo, oox oopao cooa poocex y oee coe o.

B acoee pe a oce coopye pep aocpoeoo oeca Pecy aopoca ocyae 16 o cox o o. Oco eoo yae oo ex eao cox o ec peae eo, ocoa a epaa ocae eao ope poco c opaoae epax ao, ya oopx ae ec cepeo poeo. peee peeooycoo cpoca oo o oa ex eao ocae 10-15 pa, o ceecye o eeo paoe ocx coopye.

p o eoc peaeoo eoa ocac e o oa ce. B c c eoxo o oxo oee oo eo a, ocoa a o-xeco aae paee e yaex aopo.

a, eeo opayc p peaeo oce cox o, ec oxoo, ya oopoo eooa e o-xecoo cceoa eo coc.

Ta opao, aya c opoe cceoa aooepoce oc cox o o oo ex eao, oooce opaa oeo o pooco, a ae oecoe yee o-xecx coc aa papaoa ayo oocoax eoo eo ya.

Paoa oea cooec c ao ayo-cceoaecx pao aep eoacoc pooca poea oo coo ocyapceoo aaooo execoo yepcea eepao eeo popao ocyapcea oepa epa ceo opaoa yaeao ay a 1997-2000 o (opa 0430, ocpecpa 02200001171).

e pao. oee eoc peaeoo eoa oc cox o o oo ex eao papaoa ayo oocoax eoo ya opayxc ao, coepax poc ex eao.

Ocoe aa cceoa:

- oea eoc peaeoo eoa oc cox o o oo ex eao a ocoe paceo ocaoo oepa poco ex eao oo cpee;

- cceoae aooepoce ocae ex eao cox o;

- papaoa peoea o coepecoa exoo oc cox o aaecx pooc;

- op oocoae eoo ya ao aaecx pooc a pepe aa coo oopocpoeoo pooceoo oee.

Haya oa. caoe ocoe aooepoc ocae ex eao ope ocox coe epeeoo cocaa x coocae c poco eea.

Bepe poee pace ocaoo oepa poco ex eao (Cr3+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Mn2+, Pb2+) cox oax oce peaeo oc c yeo opaoa pocooeco.

poeea oea eoc peaeoo eoa oc cox o o oo ex eao ye coocae paccax ae ao pacopoc poco co ae oo eao ooeax yypo-ooo poxoceoo aae.

Opeee epa pH ocae poco, oecea ay ocaoy oepa oo ex eao cox oax.

paeca eoc pao. oee eoc peaeoo eoa ocyo eee cox o a 4 ooa, a oopx epayec p opeeeo epae pH, oeceae aoee ooe yaee oo ex eao cox o.

Papaoa oece eo oe oeao oacoc ao ox oeo.

peoe eo ce oacoc ao opyae cpe ye xecoo yae ex eao, o- cooeepaypo eea.

Papaoa peoea o copae pacxoa eo o a ce acoo opaa oex cox o pooco.

Bepee peyao cceoa. Peoea o ya ao oeaocx ocx coopye pooco epaa, a ae peoea o acoy cooa oex cox o p pooe caoo-oxaax oce p poe eae aaecoo pooca p epe pooco e popay a epop o oxpae opyae cpe paoaoy cooa ppox pecypco o OAO MO a epo o 2005 oa.

Peya, oyee ccepaoo paoe, epe ye poecc coo ocyapceoo aaooo execoo yepcea coyc p oooe ceaco o apae 553500 aa opyae cpe o ceaoc 330100 eoacoc eeeoc exocepe.

Ha ay occ:

- peya o-xecx paceo opeee pacopoc poco ex eao ox pacopax;

- peya cceoa poecca ocae poco paaex pacopax;

- - epopaepece cceoa cocaa poco x oee p cooeepaypo oec;

- eo oe oeao oacoc ao ox oeo;

- eece cceoa o pacope ao coo coe;

- eo ya ao;

- peoea o oopoy cooa oex cox o.

Apoa pao. Peya pao ocyac a II III Pecyaco oypce ayx pao cyeo yo Pecy aopoca eoacoc eeeoc (a, 1998, 2000); Bcepoccco ayoexeco oepe Hoe aepa exoo - 98 (Moca, 1998); Pecyaco ayo-paeco oepe oo opoe e ee pecye aopoca (a, 1998); Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe Haya-opaoae-pooco pee ooecx poe (a, 1999); XXXVII Meyapoo ayo cyeeco oepe Cye ayo-exec popecc (Hoocpc, 1999); Bcepoccco ayo-paeco oepe "oo, py, opoe. B XXI e" (a, 1999); Bcepoccco ayoexeco oepe "popecca exoo opoc oo aaoexe pooce eax a" (ea, 1999, 2000); Meyapoo ayo-paeco oepe "Bope pecypc: coaoooece, ooece exooece ace" (ea, 1999); Meyapoo ayo-paeco oepe "oa, oxo pooca opee: poe oxpa opo" (ea, 1999); Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe "epce pa ecoo cpoeoo oeco, ooo eepx ayx apo a opoe XXI ea" (pc, 2000); Meyapoo-paeco oepe "Xoceo-ea coe o: poe oc cooa" (ea, 2000); epeoao ocoo ecye ayo-execo ceape "ooeca eoacoc peoo Pocc" (ea, 2000); ceapoao oepe ceape "poea oo. Meyapoe caap aeca ISO cep 9001 14000" (a, 2002); Bcepoccco ayo-paeco oepe "ae op popocpoe aocpoe" (ea, 2002).

ya. Ocoo aepa ccepa oyoa ea cae ecax 4 oao.

Cpyypa oe ccepa. Paoa oea a 143 cpaax aocoo eca, a 32 pcya 26 a. Cco epayp coep 125 aeoa. ccepa coco ee, a, oo, cca epayp poe.

OCHOBHOE COEPAHE PAOT 1. epayp oop (Xece exooece ace yae oo ex eao cox o) B oope poaapoa ococa eoca pax eoo oc cox o o oo ex eao ya ao.

eao paccope opoc xecoo ocae poco ex eao pacopoc poco oe a pep oe peaeoo eoa oc cox o.

Oeeo, o cpe pax eoo oc cox o aaecx pooc peae eo, ocoa a epeoe oo ex eao poc, ocaec oco.

2. Oe eo cceoa Oea cceoa paoe oyee poc pa ex eao, a ae poc, coocaee c poco eea.

eaoy cceoa oepy a coo oopocpoeoo pooceoo oee (MO).

Xece eo cceoa aa a: oeceoe opeeee oca pe, oo a a, opeeee eepoyo a.

o-xecx eoo cooa aoo-acopo eo opeee ex eao ae peeocpyyp aa.

poc eao ya eoa -cepoco epopaep. cceoae ocae poco eao oo pacope ya eoo pH-ep.

3. Pace ao pacopoc poco ex eao oo cpee oea eoc peaeoo eoa Coepae oo ex eao oex cox oax opeeec pacopoc poca eaa. ooy eoc peaeoo eoa oo oe, cooca pacopoc poco ex eao oo cpee co ae oo eao ooeax paoo aae.

paceo pacopoc cooa eec epaype oe cyeae oca poa, oe cyeae oca opaoa pocooeco, a ae ae poee pacopoc, xapaepe ceeocaex ocao, ooe poeee o (KW). aoo poco eao (eea, xpoa, a, a, oaa, e, e, apaa ca) oyeo aeaecoe paee, caee pacopoc c cooecy ocaa, poee pacopoc ae pH pacopa a ocao. He pee opy, coyee p pacee pacopoc (S) yxaex poco ex eao.

C cooae cyeax oca opaoa (Kn) 1 KS = P ( + + K1K2 + K1K2K3[OH-] + K1K2K3K4[OH-]2 + ); (1) [OH- ]2 [OH ] ox oca opaoa (n) 1 S = P ( + + 2 + 3[OH-] + 4[OH-]2 + ); (2) [OH- ]2 [OH ] cyeax oca poa (Kn) P K1 K2 KS = ([H+ ]2 + K1 [H+ ] + K1 K2 + + [H+ ] K W K1 K2 K3 K+ +...); (3) + [H ]ox oca poa (Kn0) P K30 KS = ([H+ ]2 + K10 [H+ ] + K20 + + +...); (4) 2 + + [H ] [H ]K W oca paoec c yace epo a (K(n)) + + [H ]2 K [H ] K(1) K(3) KW K(4) K(0) W S = + + K + + +.... (5) (2) + + K2 KW [H ] [H ]W Aao oxo ocyece p pacee pacopoc pexaex poco ex eao: Fe(OH)3 Cr(OH)3.

Ha pc. 1 pee pacee ae o pacopoc poco eea, xpoa, oaa e.

cceoa pocooeco a pacopoc poco ex eao, oce pacea ao pacopoc c cooae ypae (1)-(5), c accoy o aoo pocooeco oe pacopoc oo oo poca eoo eaa. Pace oaa, o p ao pacopoc ocoo a ee oc e ao eaa, a a opao yape oec, o oopx a pao peae 75%.

Pace oaa, o oee pacopoc p ce pH ocec peyece coepae pacope epax ooeo apex pocooeco, a p oe pH - yeee coepa opaeo apex pocooeco.

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