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Конфликт интересов. Работа выполнена в цитного состояния [2–4]. Так, под воздействием ЛЦ уменьшались клинические признаки местного вос- рамках темы НИР ГБОУ ВПО Саратовский ГМУ паления со снижением уровня провоспалительных им. В. И. Разумовского Минздравсоцразвития цитокинов, редуцировалась инфекционная нагруз- России. Номер государственной регистрации — ка в ротовой полости. По нашему мнению, именно 02.0304.233.0329.

Таблица Параметры липопероксидации и цитокинов у больных ГС на фоне ХТ в динамике болезни в зависимости от метода терапии (M±m).

Группы Здоровые лица Изучаемый показатель 1-я группа (циклоферон) n=30 2-я группа (традиционные методы) n=(n=20) до лечения 10–12-й день до лечения 10–12-й день МДА, (нмоль / мл) 2,82±0,12 5,29±0,14* 3,1±0,13* ** 5,26±0,15* 3,97±0,13* ** Активность СОД (усл. ед.) 310,5±20,5 224,1±5,7* 277,8±6,5* ** 229,1±8,2* 252,1±6,1* ** Ср. молекулы (опт. ед.) 0,26±0,01 0,41±0,03* 0,30±0,01* ** 0,4±0,04* 0,36±0,01* ** IL-1b, мг / мл 1,13±0,06 3,21±0,08* 1,63±0,05* ** 3,17±0,09* 1,96±0,04* ** TNF-, мг / мл 1,27±0,07 4,15±0,09* 1,89±0,03* ** 4,21±0,08* 2,31±0,05* ** П р и м е ч а н и е : * различия достоверны (p<0,05) при сравнении с группой здоровых лиц; ** различия достоверны (p<0,05) при сравнении 1-й и 2- групп.

Таблица Микробный пейзаж пародонтальных карманов рта у больных ГС на фоне ХТ в зависимости от метода (% выявляемости методом ПЦР) Группы Показатель 1-я группа (циклоферон) n=30 2-я группа (традиционные методы) n=до лечения 10–12-й день до лечения 10–12-й день cytomegalovirus 40 20 36,7 candida albicans 46,7 23,3 43,3 26,chlamydia trachomatis 26,7 10 30 Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research. 2011. Vol. 7, № 4.

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УДК 613.98:615.32.03 Краткое сообщение ALteRNAtIVe PRACtICeS OF HeALtH MAINteNANCe IN eLDeRLY AGe E. V. Chernyshkova — Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky, Head of Department of Foreign Languages, Assistant Professor, Candidate of Sociological Science.

альтернативные Практики ПоддержаниЯ ЗдоровьЯ в Пожилом воЗраСте Е. В. Чернышкова — ГБОУ ВПО Саратовский ГМУ им. В. И. Разумовского Росздрава, заведующая кафедрой иностранных языков, доцент, кандидат социологических наук.

Дата поступления — 10.10.2011 г. Дата принятия в печать — 08.12.2011 г.

Chernyshkova E. V. Alternative practices of health maintenance in elderly age // Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research. 2011. Vol. 7, № 4. P. 923–925.

The analysis of elderly people attitude to alternative practices of health maintenance in the context of activity prolongation is presented. By the example of conducted sociological research it is demonstrated that besides medication, health resources maintenance includes the following relevant methods: physical exercises and fitness; quit pernicious habits; rational nutrition; sexual activity.

Key words: elderly people, activity prolongation, alternative methods of health maintenance.

Чернышкова Е. В. Альтернативные практики поддержания здоровья в пожилом возрасте // Саратовский научномедицинский журнал. 2011. Т. 7, № 4. С. 923–925.

Представлен анализ отношения пожилых людей к альтернативным практикам поддержания здоровья в контексте пролонгирования активности. На примере результатов проведенного социологического исследования показано, что для поддержания ресурсов здоровья пожилых людей, помимо медикаментозных методов, наиболее релевантными являются: физические упражнения и фитнесс; отказ от вредных привычек; рациональное питание; сексуальная активность.

Ключевые слова: пожилые люди, пролонгирование активности, альтернативные методы поддержания здоровья.

Introduction. Ageing has become the global world- Since ancient times different societies have demonwide problem nowadays. It sends the new challenge to strated a settled stereotype of old age as the period of the society — integration of elderly persons into active diseases, infirmity and helplessness. However, we can social life. contemporary development of public order find contradictory thinking about this period in the papers influences the changes of social requirements to aged of antique philosophers: health loss, physiological agepeople, directing active lifestyle with the object of their ing could be compensated by mental maturity, astutesuccessful inclusion in all spheres of social life. Age-spe- ness and inner freedom. And physical activity considcific health disturbances should be treated in the social ered to be a good prophylaxis of inevitable age changes and medical context so as to gain more independent vi- of a human body.

tal activity of this social group. Though the considerable The development of medical knowledge and techsuccess of medicine and widening of medical services nologies could be treated as the beginning of positive rein the field of health preservation and maintenance have thinking of ageing process. The first scientifically proved been well recognized, the study of the elderly attitude ideas of human activity prolongation have appeared to alternative (non-drug) practices to sustain the health in XVIII century. The most widespread measures conseems to be of current importance especially in the con- cerned common sanitary — cleanliness and temperate text of activity prolongation. Objective: To analyze the lifestyle. Gradually, the attention was paid to adequate older adults’ attitude to alternative methods of sustaining physical activity, dietary, abstention from alcohol and health in the context of their activity prolongation. smoking etc.

Methods. The received data of elderly persons sur- Nowadays, this approach to health is also topical and vey (aged 60–74) on the problem of their attitude to has a tendency to increase. The research results prove alternative methods of health maintenance, conducted that complex approach to health maintenance in old age in 2010 in Saratov region (N=420), have been used for should combine medical services and such alternative the present analysis. Processing of the obtained empiric methods as: physical exercises and fitness (51,2 %); givdata has been fulfilled with the program SPSS 11.0 for ing up bad habits — tobacco smoking and alcohol use Windows. (23,3 %); rational nutrition, dietary (18,6 %); sexual activResults. The survey has revealed that the most rel- ity (6,9 %).

evant alternative practices of health resources mainte- The advantages of physical exercises and fitness nance in old age are the following: 1) physical exercises are well known and proved. It is especially important for and fitness; 2) quit pernicious habits — tobacco smoking old people to recognize the importance of regular light and alcohol use; 3) rational nutrition, dietary; 4) sexual to moderate physical activity in the prevention of physiactivity. cal disturbances associated with involutional process in the organism and decreasing activity level due to their Corresponding author — Chernyshkova Elena V. lifestyle. Regular physical activity increases life expecAddress: 410030, Saratov, M. zatonskaya St., 4 / 20, app. 16.

tancy, can help older adults to maintain functional indeTel: 8 906 309 92 26.

pendence, and enhances quality of life at each its stage.

E-mail: chervy@mail.ru Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research. 2011. Vol. 7, № 4.

924 СоциальнаЯ медицина The beneficial impact of physical activity touches widely The questionnaire data point to poor level of old on various diseases and conditions. Regular physical people knowledge of medical nutrition recommendations activity can help to prevent and manage coronary heart (54 %). Most information is obtained from the following disease, hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, and de- sources: advertising news release (18,3 %); personal pression. It has also been associated with a lower rate experience of colleagues, relatives and friends (14,8 %);

of colon cancer and stroke, and may be linked to reduced advise of pharmacists at the chemist’s shops (6,5 %);

back injury. It is an essential component of weight loss consultations of medical specialists (5 %); Internet and programs. mass media (1,4 %).

Physical activity is a complex behavior and its rela- In spite of the fact that diet declining often leads to tionship with health is multifaceted. Regular vigorous weight excess, the considerable proportion of responphysical activity promotes cardio-respiratory fitness and dents regard their weigh gain to the consequences of helps to prevent coronary heart disease. Activity that ageing process (42,9 %); financial inability of rational builds muscular strength, endurance, and flexibility may nutrition; (24,5 %); results of chronic diseases (20,4 %);

protect against injury and disability. And any activity that sedentary lifestyle (12,2 %).

expends energy is important in weight control. Physical Pernicious habits are undoubtedly health destrucactivity can also produce changes in blood pressure, tive factors, especially in old age. So, giving up tobacco blood lipids, clotting factors, and glucose tolerance, that smoking and alcohol use can extensively promote health may help to prevent and control high blood pressure, cor- maintenance. Perhaps more than any other age group, onary heart disease and diabetes. elderly people have the opportunity to assume personal The rate of answering the question «What physical responsibility for their health. Many of the leading causes activity is the most acceptable to you» shows the fol- of death for people between the ages of 55 and 70 are lowing preferences: walking (40,8 %); daily bodily exer- preventable, wholly or in part, through changes in lifecises at home (33,5 %); upstairs ascending (11,2 %); run- style, and these changes established lifestyles, social ning (7,5 %); swimming (4 %); fitness centers attendance norms related to health can be changed as well.

(3 %). While activity should be habitual, it need not be un- Positive behavioral changes can save many lives duly strenuous. People who engage daily in light to mod- as they concern not only decrease of diseases, but also erate exercise, equivalent to sustained walking for about some accidents. Alcohol is a major factor in thousands 30 minutes a day, can achieve substantial health gains. of preventable deaths, including motor vehicle fatalities, Increasing evidence suggests that even small increases homicides and suicides, cirrhosis of the liver, and some in light to moderate activity by those who are least active cancers, such as esophageal and liver cancer. This is will produce measurable health benefits. not a critical issue for discussion. The vast majority of old It is significant, that our respondents demonstrated people is absolutely sure in benefits of smoking and alcohigh interest in specialized fitness programs for the el- hol use refusal — 79,2 %; the other 16,8 % assert the imderly as they are conducted under the supervision of portance of decreasing frequency and quantity of smoktrainers and possess specific motivation — 63 % of posi- ing and alcohol use; and the last statistically insignificant tive answers. But their financial status keeps them form percent of respondents insists that they do not abuse the using this opportunity — only 5 % can afford it. mentioned habits.

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