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oe yya pax o oao o eppop ecopoe a cooa eo paoo oppe. ce op oeo paceo pac e, ecoc aap a oopx ea eo paee oae acy a oepxocx oao. Taa poeypa ycpaa caae oao, 1/o ecoc oppe (p x a), aoe a e pax eppopax aopo. Ha pc.4 peeo ceee oepxoc, opaeo paee a pc.3. Be oeo, y oxaaex eeo e (o ypo 0,5 oa/c.), coae xapaepe acy a oepxoc.

oooe ooee opa oaae, o peeax ecopoe cyecy oac, xapaepyec aoao x co ae eco- oa ocoepo aoao aapoc.

c oao. aoopo, cyecyPc.4. Ceee oepxoc oao ococ, o, xapaepyec ocooecye ao oppeoo c.

e ypoe aeoc cyaa oopyoa.

B ae paea cea o, o ecoc ooe eeo eepocooo oopyoa ee eo paeoe eppopaoe pacpeeee, xapaepoe opeoo a eea eee ceec aoo ecopoe.

B pee ae paccapac opoc aoc peypee oao exooecoo oopyoa eeoe.

B epo paee a peaec aaa opeee a ee oaaee aeoc exooecoo oopyoa ex poco.

B acoee pe eco aeoe oeco cacecx oee, ocax epooc xoa cpo exooecoo oopyoa eepoco. B x, a pao, peoaaec, o oa oopyoa pocxo p yco ococa ooa oao, .e. = const. cceo a a ax C Ca-95 oaa, o aoee aeao oo oao oe oca p oo oe, yae ypee ee aop oec a pecypc oopyoa, pe ocee c ye pee.

e aopa oece yco cyaa, apeccoc oaeo oc, coepae oy, pacopee co, a, apae eeca ( .e. ocoe p o epeeo acca oao).

aop oo eppepoa a aeco yco oopyoa.

ype aopa oece: ocpy coe oopyoa, aeco cop, aeco aepaa ooe p., o ec cooyoc x ypex aopo pecae coo eoe aeco eooa oopyoa.

Taa paa aopo oec a ooeoc oopyoa ooe oeceo oca oe ocya aeceo ooeoe oopyoae pocy ox ex e ycox oe aaooo, o c eea ooe ocpy.

Be x cooyoce aopo yaoc eee oeo poopoaoc yx o: 1 = const 2 = 2(t), a o oo oao ocac cyo (t) = -(1+ 2).

opeee a ae apaepo 1 2 cooac aoee yepca ao pacpeee, ya e a cyax aopo, a ocoe e pacpeeee oepa. p ao pacpeee ecoc oao pecae coo y c pe apaepa:

t t (1) (t)dt = K1 t + K2(eK -1), e K1, K2, K3 ooee oca, opeeee ye pee opao aa axoe apaepo pecx acoce.

y aeoc o cyae ee cey R(t) = exp(- K1 t - K2(eK t -1)). (2) B o e paee oye aaece pae epooce eoao pao R(t) oopyoa cex o oao, coaco paee po acca.

Aa oyex peyao oaa, o aoee cyecee o peoex oee o oee co caoap ooo oao aac oao, cax c oece ex aopo (acopee, oe, eepeoc HT). caoeo, o ooc pooa o peaaeo oe e eee e 2 paa peocxo o e oaae oe, coye coeay y aeoc.

Bo opo paee a paccopeo e aeco cocae apyo ooe a a aeoc cyaa aox yoacocx ycaoo. Papaoaa aeaeca oe pao H c yeo oye ypyx oea ooe a, poeeo cpaee pacex ax c a C oaao, o opeoc oe e peae 10%.

caoeo, o ae aeco cocae apyo H oaae cyeceoe e a aeoc pao aox acoco a peoea o ce oo .

B aeo paee pee a pecaea eoa pacea apa a coepae peoo-occaoex pa eeoax pep, ooa poa yep o aap exooecoo oopyoa eeo.

Meoa ocoaec a cooa eoo eop accooo ocya, oope ooe opee y oepe (.e. ae cyae co e oopyoa, oaeo peoa) pe eoxooo po co ca. o ecoy ey (a ocoa apopo opa C) pocaae ca oeaec oe eooyeo 0,poy, opeec a0,coe oep paec pee0,e o eecoopaoc yee (copae) apa a poeee 0,peox pao.

0,1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 oaao, o pacpeeeepa ocye apoca, cy e epao ey apoca Pc.5. copaa epao ocye aa ocyae o copoca a ocyae. C Bao, ae C Ca-95.

eaoy (pc.5). B ao cyae a oepe oe cea o coooe:

/ n = (3) 1 - / e - oo oao oopyoa [cy-1];

- oo occaoe [cy-1].

apaep ooo opeec a ocoe opao ax C opex ecopoe.

Ec eca oea aeaecoo oa ea oax ca o e Qcp ea peaa poy pepe S, y a cy poco oo c a:

/ Z = Qcp S, py/cy. (4) 1- / Ooc. acoa Opaoa eec apopo opa a ax C oaaa, o acoc ooa occaoe o apa a peoe cy (oaa pya epcoaa, cooc ex, pacopa ..) ee e xapaep a:

= k Z, (5) p e Zp cyoe apa a coepae peox cy, [py/cy];

k oe poopoaoc, xapaepy eoc pao peox cy, [py-1].

B ao cyae ae cyoe y pep cooecy yy yoaa F(Z ) = Z + Z = Qcp S + Z min, (6) p p p kZ - p paoy + k Qcp S Z =. (7) p onm k oaao, o peaaea eoa ooe oepao ypa aapo-peo cya acoc o cee oeoc ocox oo a e a oaey e.

eepa aa ccepa ocea opoca oecee epeeco eoacoc ex poco.

eee apa a oy e ca o ay ya opoc epocepee, oop eo poeoc a opao c opoc yee yex apa epeco ep. Poc apo a epooce po cyeceoy yee cooc o e.

Bea yex epoapa ec, poe oo, epa oaaee execoo coco opeoo ecopoe. Moe paaec ee acoco-cooo oopyoa (eepeoc HT, aco pee eco, co apao, cee aecoo ypo p.) copooac yeee yex apa epoep. ooy aa oo oaae oe cy ocaoo opa pepe eyeo execoo coco oopyoa eepoca.

B c c ocoy ayaoc popea opoc coa cpae cyaa cyecyeo epe ooo exooecoo epeecoo oopyoa, oox oc epeecy eoacoc cyaa ex poco, a ae opoc opo a ao ee yex epoapa a oy e. Teoe oep oep B epo paee eep23% H 48% o a pooc opeeee cpyyp epoaoep pa p cyaa e- pacopapa a aopax oe x ecopoe. oaao, 9% oc 20% o aoa ac apa ep pxoc a pPc.6. Oa cpyypa epoapa a eee oe ae yx oc.

acoco (41%), aay o ac oepa acooo ae (25%). Opeeea cpyypa oep epoep (pc.6).

poeea oea aecx yex apa ep a oy e y acoca. oaao, o o o 2 paa pea ao eoxoe p cyecye ape oopyoa. pooc aa p oooo pacxoe.

Cee ypo execoo coco oeoo oopyoa, apep, cece acope opao acoca HT, yeae yee apa epoep. ooy paoe pepa oa cooa o e aece aocecoo paa.

Ha ocoe opao ax C Ca-95 a cocaea apopaeca oepxoc (pc.7) ocaa yee epoapa oex oeo, aece oopx cy yc ca (aao opay o cpoac oepxoc o- x z ao oopyoa). Baa c ey apaepa oeaac eoa oppePc.7. paecoe pecaee yex epoapa a eppop ooo ecoooo aaa, p o ocopoe aao Cp.

epoc caceco c cocaa e eee 85%. o ycaoeo, o pepe yxye coco aapo-oacoo oopyoa oe cy cepxopa pacxo ep a oy e.

Bo opo paee peoe eo oe aeoc cyaa ycox pacopaopx oca ex poco, ocoa a ceao papaoao aope pacpeee apyo ey yco pacopaop oca (T) c yeo aeco pooeoc acocoo oopyoa peeoo xapaepa ee pcoeex apyo, aoo aap oee opeee.

Cacec aa a ax C "Ca-95" oaa, o o pao, acoee pe, ec eopya T a 40-60%, .e. paoa oa T axoc a eo e xapaepceco po ... pacopaopa.

oaao, o ey e po aoee aeao oo oca ye a ee apa, B/ = a(1- exp(- N)), (8) e pacopaopa;

a, pece oe;

N opeea ooc.

Mae oep T cooecy acyy y Y, xapaepye paoy py T:

n n = = a (1- exp(-i Ni )). (9) i i i=1 i=B eco cce aca yoaa Y cooecye yy eox oep aopooe ooax py pacopaopo. coe acya y (9) oyeo aaeco e:

n ln(i ) 1 Ni = + (N ln(i )).

(10) i i n i=i i=i acoc (10) ooe pacca oay apyy Ni aoo pacopaopa pye, ec eca oa opeea ooc ycooo oopyoa N.

B pee paee eepo a cceyc oooc oe epeeco eoacoc eeoax pep a ocoe cooa aoox coo ep.

Ha ocoe execx xapaepc cepx poex epoca (C) poee pace, oo poec op oaoo a aooo epoca eeoax pep o pep ea-aeco-aeoc, ya cooc paaaeo ep (S), o pao pecypc C (tpecypc,), apaoy o aaoo peoa (t ), aae apa (Z* ) (a.2). Bop pooc o ape a pep cpo oyaeoc (T) ooeo p peeax pao ooo oopecypca C (W).

eaec o o o, o aoee oxo o C eeoax pep c ceopoae aoopee C c oao epeco ooc 1-2 MB, paoae a oyo ae.

Taa Cpaee xapaepc eoopx cepx C oo- T S tpecypc, t ape N, Z*a, W, T, / -e ac ac B c.py . e C py 1 T-6 ep T 0,26 100000 35000 6400 120000 156,3 8,2 pa-2500 ep T 0,26 100000 35000 2500 30000 61,1 5,3 615/18 C-eep. 0,18 40000 20000 200 2000 2,6 3,/C 100M 4 Waukesha Stamford 0,18 200000 30000 1000 8790 64,2 3,L7042GSIU 5 275GS epo 0,18 40000 20000 275 2302 3,5 3, B aeo paee ocee a peaaec eo oa cxe epocae eepoco ex oe eoacoc x cyaa.

opeee ecoooe aoox coo ep peea aaa paee oeo c epep pocpaco pee oye epaoe coooe, ooe c oae oopa oo ecox C aao ooc:

m ai / Ei(h) wij i=xj(h+1) =, (11) m / Ei(h) wij i=m bi / Ei(h) wij (h+1) i=y =, (12) j m / Ei(h) wij i=Ei(h) = (x(h) - ai )2 + ( y(h) - bi )2, e wij=F1(Ni) - ooe yee oep ep aee ey j- opeee i coo ep;

xj, yj coe oopa C;

ai bi oopa io opee.

Bepxe ec 4 MB (11,12) ooaa oep epa.

Peee ec yco, o oaae 6 MB oooc epeoca peaoo pacooe 2,5 MB C ( ooee pacc ) a eoopoe paccoe o paceoo Pc.8. Bapa pacooe pex C c oa ooc 6, 4 2,5 MB.

e peoo yee oep.

O oox apao pacooe C pex oao ooce (a oe apopaeco cxe opeeo oea ecopoe C Bao ooc) pecae a pc.8. Pace pooc o opya (11), (12), c yeo oo, o ae pacope eec p C c oa epec ooc N1 = 6 MB, N2=4 MB, N3 = 2,5 MB.

oaao, o peaae eo oa eppopaoo paee oeo epocae eepoca ooe c oep ep cox aex, ye poeoc epoepea, eopoa ac pacopaopx oca.

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