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po - oaoe aee yoeo coee o co paoe cpee, Ma.

Paoococooc yoe opee o opye E - ln RT = e, (5) C e - opeo pee, eee oopoo coxpaec epeoc coee, c;

pecoe aee oea cape. yco cape pe yoex paec pa 0,8.

C - aco apaep, ac o ppo cpe, opeee pae -ci e i = ; (6) E0 ep aa poecca cape, /o, E0 = R, (7) e peca ocaa;

R aoa ocoa, paa 8,3143 /(o);

T - eepaypa, .

Peya paceo paoococooc pe eox coeex pee ae 3.

pe T-2 (oaec o pyx apo cep T oe coepae yceaaa eyapooo co) oe paoo oppe ee aoee aee.

B pee ae pecae peya cceoa o eopepoaoy appoa pe, ee x T.

Mooopae acoepo oocx aoee opae poe oooc apaeoo peypoa coc pe. aoap yce ooa peax coeac acece coca acoepo c ypyoc coo pooc ooa. peee ooo ooe ae oc aeoo oe paoococooc PT, ocoeo ycox poapaoo oca.

Taa 3 - Pacee oe cpo coxpaoc epeoc yoe eox coeex p p = 0,p pe Eo, /(o pa) Teepaypa, oC p, o 20 5,C-1 7085,70 3,20 6,C-2 5314,70 4,20 6,C-3 8990,70 3,20 7,C-4 5832,70 5,20 8,C-5 5932,70 5,20 6,C-6 5798,70 4,20 7,C-7 5180,70 5,20 5,C-8 10428,70 3,20 10,C-9 7202,70 6,20 6,B-14 7620,70 3,20 8,T-1 5030,70 6,20 9,T-2 7520,70 6,20 8,T-3 7085,70 5,20 8,T-4 7202,70 5,20 7,T-5 7453,70 4,poaapoaa oooc cooa xoox, epcx, cox, oax, opx, ocpox, oappx, apax, eox, yepox, cex ooo. Ha ocoa aaa cceoa pyx aopo cepeax ax, a ae coocae pax oaaee aepec eoo oocoa op: aece appyx - oae ooa.

ae o cee aoe a exaece coca caapo pe (B 14) cceyeo (T-2) pee ae 4.

Taa 4 - Mexaece coca pe B14 c pa coepae oocoo aoe pee po- Ooceoe Tepoc Mapa pe oc p pa- yee p o TM-pe, Ma pape, % B-14 (e aoe) 14,3 160 B-14 (1 % ooa) 15,1 160 B-14 (2,5% ooa) 14,1 178 B- 14 (5% ooa) 13,2 172 T-2(e aoe) 23,6 500 T-2 (1 % ooa) 25,2 490 T-2(2,5% ooa) 23,0 530 T-2(5% ooa) 21,5 522 pecaex ax o, o pooc p pape c yeee cee aoe ecoo caec, ooceoe yee ee oy p 2,5% ooa, a epoc paoepo oaec.

Opa pe oepy aopaop cceoa opeee ecoc poapaoo oca. Meoa ca aaac cpa opaa pe c opopao, pax py pyy c aao co, coae oaoe aee 45 H/c2. Copoc coe cocaa 0,7 /c. Opa cpac execo oe c ape eco. Maccoa o eca cocaa 10%. Paep ac apaa axoc peeax 0,0630,500 .

Meaece oa oaac ca 40 OCT 1050-88 (HRC), oee ea - pe c oaee pax oec oocoo aoe. oc eae ap pe o ece poapaoo aa oea o oepe oea opao pe c pao cee aoe opea ca ap 45 OCT 1050-88. Peya ca pee ae 5.

a 5 o, o apax pe c peo T-2 eyaax ycox cepea oc poeae eeee, e cyae cooa pe B-14. Xapaep acoce ecoc cpa o coepa pax ooo pocppoa a pcyax 4 5.

Taa 5 - oep oea opao apax pe o ece poapao cpe oep oea, cMapa pe pe ca oa B-14 (e aoe) 0,135 0,073 0,B-14 (1 % ooa) 0,145 0,056 0,B-14 (2,5% ooa) 0,100 0,050 0,B-14 (5% ooa) 0,134 0,044 0,T-2 (e aoe) 0,080 0,071 0,T-2 (1 % ooa) 0,087 0,054 0,T-2 (2,5% ooa) 0,062 0,051 0,T-2 (5% ooa) 0,081 0,045 0,1 pa oca caoo opaa (op - ea);

2 - pa oca peooo (B-14) opaa;

3 pa cyapoo oca eeo ap pe Pcyo 4 - oc eae ap pe I B14, II B14 + C. B.; III B14 + . B.; IV B-14 +. B.; V- T-2, VI - T-2 +. B.

Ooaeu:. B. nouauoe ooo, C. B. cmeoooo, . B.- yepoucmoe ooo Pcyo 5 - oc ap pe ca pea aaa oyex acoce a pcye 5 eae, o appoae pe ce yepoc ooa e eee eo c o pe oca pe, e oa ooa. Oao p o aaec oee ae oc opea (ca) cyap oc oepxoce ap pe oe oaa. ae cepeax cceoa ceecy o peoeoc cooa oax ooo appoa pe.

o peyaa poeex cceoa poapaoo oca ap pe pea-ca ycaoeo:

- aye oaae o ococooc e pe, appoae oa ooo c accoo oe 2,5%;

- p eo cee appoa pea o po T-2 poe oee coy ycooc poapaoy ocy o cpae co caapo peo ap B-14;

- copoc oca eae ap pe p pax ex copocx poapaoo ooa e ceey acoc, oaae oopo oy cooa p oeox paceax;

- aea oo pe (B-14) a pyy (T-2) p oaox oepax x oocoo aoe paec e e a copoc oca opea (ca 40).

B paoe oocoa apae oco o aeey yee pecypca yoe.

O epcex apae o yee oca pyxc oepxoce ec eee coca oepo T. aoe apaee papaoao epe acac . C. c copya. peee pooepopayx oao coca oepx op ocoao a ee coa a pyxc oepxocx aepao eo oepo, oeceax pooocoe, pooapoe apooe ece.

peoaaec, o ae e o opaoac a oax yacax pyxc oepxoce, cax acaoe oaoe aoece p ao epeee.

eoc ec T oeceaec p x x oepax, ocoy aa oe pao ya pe oaa pacxoyec a opaoae pooepo e, oopa peopaae oc. B aee pcaa pacxoyec a occaoee pooepo e a oex yacax o epe ee cpa. Ta opao, peee T oo copooac ae epoo eocoo pea pao ya pe.

peaa ea eocoo pe paoe o oepyo cepeao oee eee T coca peox cece.

B aece T aoe cooa aaec oaa, ec coe cooc oepa. Tpexooe T coppoa a ocoe ecaeeoaaa (T-aoe), oooo cpa (cyee) yaaa (acaop), x opeeeo coooe.

B c c oo pyoc ye ox opayxc oypeaox eo a oepxoc pe yaeox ayyo pooc aa paopa, oyex c oo pacpooo epooo pocoa (PM). aaa pooopa o, o oe pe opayc pe cpyyp, oope opepyc apae eopa copoc pe coe cac, coaa e pooepo, ae opepoae apae eopa copoc pe. Hae ax opepoax eo ocaoo eo pocapaoc p cceoa oopa oepxoc pe oce ca. peee cceoa paopa pyxc oepxoce ceecy o aecex eex cpyype oapyx aepao oe pe. oe eoc ox execx pee eoxo x oecee xapaepc. Oao cooae px eoo x oe e pecaec oo. ooy aece oceo oeceo oe x xapaepc paoe cooa oe oaae cooc poapaoy ocy, eoa opeee oopoo a peea e.

cceyee peoe oo coepa, accox oe:

aoy peoy cec B-14 T-2..95,097,oae ooa.2,pooepopayy oay ...o 2,Beee ooo ocyecoc paeee eax ooe oaoo ooa, peapeo opaoax pacope T, e pocoe ey ca pe, oce eo poo x poycae epe a. Peya ca pox ap peox opao a cooc poapaoy ocy pee ae 6.

Taa 6 - Copoc poapaoo oca eae ap pe Maccoa o oep oea, c opaa coepa peooo caoo cyap.

T 1 (T-2) 0 0,062 0,051 0,2 (T-2) 1,0 0,060 0,050 0,3 (T-2) 1,5 0,050 0,044 0,4 (T-2) 2,0 0,048 0,045 0,5 (T-2) 2,5 0,047 0,045 0,6 (B-14) 0 0,100 0,050 0,7 (B-14) 1,0 0,093 0,050 0,8 (B-14) 1,5 0,080 0,047 0,9 (B-14) 2,0 0,079 0,047 0,10 (B-14) 2,5 0,081 0,046 0,oyee ae oaa, o eee coca peox cece T accoo oe 1,52 % oae ococooc a 1820 %.

aeee yeee coepa T, o-oy, e eecoopao.

p cepeax accoa o T peeype peoo cec T-2AM cocaa 2,0%.

o oeeo, o ooceo eoe oppepo ooeoo cocaa po aeoy yye o exaecx cyaaox xapaepc pe, o eae peaeo epcey x cooa aoee oecex yax ypooo eepocooo oopyoa.

Ocoe xapaepc peoex poocy peox cece B-14A (appoaa oa ooa), T-2, T-2A (appoaa oa ooa) T-2AM (appoaa oa ooa c pooepopay oaa), opeeee o caap eoa, pee ae 7.

Taa 7 - pooce xapaepc pe.

caoca Ooc- Ocaooe cpaepooc Tepoc, p cec eoe y- yee, oc, p pac- op A ee, % % c3/(m ) e, Ma B-14 12,0 160 6 77 210,B-14A 18,4 180 8 79 154,T-2 23,6 500 10 79 136,T-2A 24,1 460 8 82 78,T-2AM 22,2 480 9 80 62,Peya cceoa appoax pe oaa, o x cooc cpa, opeeea o caapo eoe, oaec a 70%, a poapaoy ocy apax pe co ca a 55% o cpae c ao apao.

B eepo ae pee peya poeo apoa papaoo ccepaoo pao.

Boe cceoa apaepo yaa a coca pe opeeee oaoo pea yaa. oye acoc copoe papy, ape p 300% - o ye ooceoo ye o pooeoc yaa (eece pe) cceyex pe. acoc peea pooc p pape o pooeoc yaa peea a pcye 6. caoeo, o c yeee pooeoc yaa ae poocx coc oca cpeya, a pyx coc (cee ayxa, ye p pape) ya. C cooae eoa ca opeee oy yaa pe T-2, T-2A, T-2AM (pcyo 7).

1 - T-2; 2 - T-2A; 3 - T-2AM Pcyo 6 acoc copoe papy o pooeoc yaa peox cece Ha ocoa poeex cepeo ycaoe pe yaa peox cece e, paoax opex ycox cyaa (aa 8).

B ae peea oea ycaox eopa p epepaoe peox cece. Cee yca pe yaac p ocpypoa peccop. poee pace cepeaoe opeeee (aoepec eoo) oeo epecoo pacpe cceyex pe.

Paccope ocoeoc exoo ooe epepao peox cece, aoex ooa. Paoepoc pacpeee aoee cecx ec e oo xapaepco exooecx coc oyaex oo, o e oaaee, o oopoo ac cyaaoe coca e. B acoc, yyee aeca cee aoee oaae aopoe e a acoc cococye oe ycoo pooc yaao.

1 - T-2; 2 - T-2A; 3 - T-2AM Pcyo 7 - Opeeee oya yaa pe T-2, T-2A, T-2AM o eoy ca Taa 8 - Pe yaa peox cece Pe yaa pe oc- copoc p peHaaee pe eepa- e ya ypa, oC oya, a, u u e, paoax T-2 143158 20 ycox poooo oT-2A 143158 22 ca, eooo cape T-2AM 143158 22 e, paoax T-2 143150 18 ycox oepaopo T-2A 143150 20 ape, oox T-2AM 143150 20 apeo, pacpeca e, paoax T-2 150158 25 ycox aecx aT-2A 150158 28 pyo, ayxa, oec ooa T-2AM 150158 28 C e oecee paoepoo pacpeee oax ooo peoo acce ccepaoo paoe peoea exoo eopepoaoo appoa, caa peapeoe eee oocoo aoe. Coaco o exoo caaa a oepxoc co cpo peoo cec yaac co eaoo oaoo ooa. ae pooc oopaoe aeae. o ooe oya yaa c oee coo opooc coc.

ooee ox ap peox yoex eeo poooc o paoo aoo PT exoo c yeo oppepoo apaepo exooecoo pea, cax co ceo coc cceyex pe peeo.

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