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uau oem cepeue poema, M, mc B peyae oceoa ycaoeo ocyce ax-o exaecx oppoox opee o apaype xopoa coxpaoc co oppe-pacopa.

B c c oo poyooo peepyapa cyaa pecaac oooc poee ca yx pepcx op (pc.2). B peyae ca o ca pa acecx eopa paoe apaype peep o ycaoeo, o oe e ae aac o cpae c poeo paceo apyo, opeee o CH 2.03.01-84 eoe eeoeoe ocpy, a o pooc, a o ecoc.

B o ae pee peya paceo o pooy ooeoc op eeoeox peepyapo, a aoee oecex yx c o pe oppooo cooc ocpy.

o peyaa oceoa pex o peepyapo ycaoeo, o peep ao cocooc eoa o ooe ocmpymuo apaype pepo y 80% op acoey pee paec cepa. ooy ece ycoe poe cpoa cy x ocpy ec coae eoo yooo apepa o ooe copoy yecoy ay oyxa, ae oopx aooyo ae p oeo aoc coae yco oppo apayp.

yo apep oe coa o ceyx cocoo:

aecee aopacox op;

aecee co oppe-eoa.

Bop aoee paoaoo a op ocyece a ocoe ceyeo pep: ope oo oecea ey ay a epo e eee 20 e .e. cpoa, eee oopoo ocae ocpy peepyapa ocy peco cee ecoo oca 4550%, p oopo pecypc peepyapa eo ye cepa.

paeco oe cpoa aoo ec op oe pace o aeaec oe, papaoa a ocoe oepoa poecca accoepeoca apeccoo eeca epe ope a co eoa. p ocpoe oee paccope a oox cya:

ope ec ooco ee, e a oepxoc ooeo apayp ecax coa aoo co eoa ( aax eae) p peoe aocc a co oppe-eoa;

ope ec yxco, e a a co eoa ( .. a occaoe p peoe ) aoc co oppe-eoa o aopacooe ope ().

p o cpo T pooeoc y aoe apeccoo eeca y oepxoc cao apayp paccac o opya:

oocox op:

H2 CTd = (1) 4 D* C20 Cp, 2H yxcox op:

B H CTd = + C (2) 2 D* 2 D* 20 Cp, 2B 2H e D* D* ee oe y apeccoo eeca op, 2H 2B c2/c; C20 oepa apeccoo eeca o ee cpee, /3; H oa aopacooo op oppe-eoa; B oa aoo co eoa;

C2p peca oepa apeccoo eeca y oepxoc eaa, aa eo oppo.

opy (1) (2) ceye, o cpo aoo ec op T ac a o apaepo apecco cpe (oepa C20 C2p), a o coc caoo op (ee oe y D* 2H D* ).

2B Peya paceo o oee cpoa aoo ec yx o op o opya (1) (2) pee a pc.3.

a) ) T, e 1 3 H, H, Puc. 3. Cpo aumoo ecmu nopmu: oocooo (a) u yxcooo () 1 aopacooe ope c oeo y D* = 10-10 c2/c; 2 3, 4, 5 op2H pe-eo c oeo y D* = 10-9, 3.25 10-9, 5.5 10-9 c2/c 10-8 c2/c coo2H eceo.

Aa peyao x paceo ooe cea ceye o. B cyae oocox op cpo x aoo ec aopacox op ooceo a ae p oe 500 acao ooo exooecx coopae eoye pacpeca op. poe oo, cocea ooeoc x op (e oee 79 e) eocaoa oecee epeooo cpoa cy peepyapo, paoo 10 oa coaco peoa ecyx opao. C pyo copo, p cooa oppe-eoa co aee eoo oea y, paoo D* = 10-9 c2/c, cpo 2H aoo ec 20 e oeceaec p oe op H = 11 , a p D* 2H = 10-8 c2/c H = 35 . B cyae yxcox op cpo x aoo ec aeo opacae. Heoxoo oe, o eee oo cpoa ye ocycoa eoxooc oooe peoe oppea, o ec o a eo peyec o cpae c -op.

Ta opao, coocaee yx o aoppooo a e peyeca oppex op epe aopaco o eoy py oaaee, o ce aoy cpoy cy aoo ec op e eo peoa, ocoy p cyaa peepyapa exec coo ocyec oooee op. Heoxoo oe ao cyece eocao aopacox op, a eoxooc aeoo ocye ypee oepxoc ocpy peepyapa epe aecee a x ax op, o ae ec exec co pyo opopye poecco.

eca aa ocea papaoe epop o oecee opao ooeoc ocpy eeoeox peepyapo e o y apae: a axoxc cyaa peepyapo, a o poepyex.

B acoee pe opo poepoa ox peepyapo peaepyc pe opa oyea: CH 2.03.11-85 aa cpoex ocpy o oppo [1]; ocoe o poepoa a o oppo eox eeoeox cpoex ocpy [2] cpye o execoy oceoa eeoeox peepyapo e eepoyo [3]. C yeo ooex peyao oceoa execoo coco peepyapo oce eoo cpoa x cy, a papaoa peoe o yoe x opao ac aae cee apeccoo oec cpo e aooyo a peepyapo a eo eeoeo, cocoa ycao paee oopx ocpy yp x coopye (a.7), a ae opaoo cpoa cy eeoeox peepyapo.

epoe peoee cao c eee oxoa oee cee apeccoo oec cpe ocpy a, ce op peepyapo, ocoy p cceoax ycaoea opaa o cpae c opa acoc. Bopoe pee peoe aec c cee ecyx op. aee peoa ecyx opao ocpy eeoeox peepyapo a, o ce oc, eocao pae eopeeco a a oeo cepeax cceoa o oec eepoyo a eeoeoe ocpy epo accooo cpoeca CCCP peepyapx apo e.

Mepop o oe ooeoc ocpy cyapyex eeoeox peepyapo a oee pao o y apae:

aoppooa aa ocpy, axoxc e ypo aa e (yp peepyapa);

peocpy p peepyapa.

Taa 7. peoe o yoe ecyx opao o poepoa eeoeox peepyapo xpae cpo e oaae cpoco oop Hopa oo yp e- cpo cy Pea- Cee apeccoo oec eoeox co- eeoeo cpo e a ocpy opye, axo- x peepyaxc oae co po c oea ( eoa ap W8) cpee- coa- oa cpecco cpeo yaa Bype o- Bype oepxTpeo- epxoc oc op peepHe oycaec 20 e a ceo peepyapa yapa caoapec[2, . 5.1] [3, . 2.1] op cpeeapeccu- cua [1, .2.57] a [1, .2.57] 1 pya oc- 2 pya ocpypy, axo- , axoec peec e ypo e ypo aa oeaa e e (epx ac o (yae, oo ce, a ae oycaec 30 e yoe, a ae a ) e ac ce o- cpeeapeccua op o) caoapeccua aoppooo a eeoeox ocpy o oecy exo-ooecx oaaee oa ec peee oppe-eoa oce peapeo oc oepxoc ocpy. o eo ee ceye ocoe peyeca: aa ocpy oeceaec a ec x epeo epo, ocoy cpo aoo ec op ee ooeoc caoo op;

oppe oe aece a ay oxo oooey oepxoc; cpea cec e coep pacopee. oop cocaa cec oe ocyecc o pep aee poaeoc op.

Heoxooc peocpy p peepyapo ocpo 5060 . aa e, o x c e ce aopoaeoc op cooac oe pa a oco pe (a ce ycpoca opa o epepy), a yeee ocyecoc aco pya oo 400500 . aoe poeoe peee eao caaec a ooeoc ocpy op, ocoeoc oocex oo pepcx . oo ce pooc eoa cece pa a epe pe oae poo oax (o ae oppo eoa I a), ocooe ooacee eoa a oex yacax oe pope cococye ycope oppoox poecco apaype (oppo apoa), a p x x eepaypax ae paopaa eoa. B c c , aee aeo cyaa eeoeox peepyapo eoxoo o oec pao o peocpy x op, aaeoc ycpoce epcoo po oce yae pya eoaa opo o epepy p.

B ceo ae pee ae o epe peyao cceoa x ooeco eoc.

Peya cceoa pee p papaoe poea peocpy pecx peepyapo a III (19) a II (20) Poacoo paooo eeoaeo ypae (PPH), a ae p oee execoo coco poyox peepyapo a I (5 6) Aeecoo paooo eeoaeo ypae (APH) pacooex a eppop peepyapoo apa OAO Ceepo-aae acpae eepoo 1999 2001 . Peaa papaoax epop oo oc ooeoc x peepyapo a cpo e eee 20 e.

ooeca eoc o epe peyao cceoa aaec poe pecypca cyapyxc peepyapo.

Cpaee cooc aoppooo a ypee oepxoc cyapyxc peepyapo co cpoeco ooo peepyapa aaoo eoc acae e 2001 . peeo a.8.

Taa 8. Bop oaoo apaa aoppooo a cpaee eo cooc co cooc cpoeca ooo peepyapa eax 2001 .

Cooc aoppooo a- Cpo cy apa a 20 e ope ocpy a, e cyaa, py.

op, py.

aopacooe ope 205411 9 Toppe 269015 20 Cpoeco ooo pe epyapa a o, yee ee apa a ycpoco oppe-eoa oe, e a aopacooe ope. Oao, c yeo eoxooc oooe aopacooo op epe ae e e peee aoo op oppe-eoa ooee 1.5 paa. B cyae p yepe peoe o yee opaoo cpoa cyaa peepyapo c 20 o 30 e ooeca eoc o oe ooeoc coxpaex peepyapo eoo oppepoa o cpae c aopaco ope c yeo eoxooc eo oooe opace o 2.3 pa. poe oo, apa a oee ooeoc cyapyex peepyapo a ce poee peoooccaoex pao eoo oppepoa cocae 12% o cooc cpoeca ooo peepyapa. Heoxoo oe, o p x paceax e ye apa o paope eopyeoo peepyapa.

OE BBO 1. Aa peyao oceoa execoo coco ocpy peepyapo pax o ceecye o o, o a epo cyaa, o a paa pea opa cpo, eeoeoe ocpy peepyapo e ec oc peeax 25-28%, a eaece 3035%. o yco cyaa ocpy oy paee a e py acoc o xapaepa apeccoo oec cyaaoo cpe: epa pya ocpy, axoec e ypo aa e (yae, e, a ae pacooee e ypo e ac ce oo); opa pya ocpy, axoec e ypo aa e (epx ac oo ce, a ae a op).

2. pa xopoe coxpaoc ocpy epo py (axoec e ypo aa e) c caa apeccoc e eoy coo ooc, opaee ocya copoa, a ae aeoe papyee ece co apao-acao-cocx ooe, opayx aoe ope apepoo a. eec opee ocpy opo py (axoxc e ypo aa e) oycoe a opao poee oppo apoa, copoc oopo eea y coo ooc eoa eo ocooo ooace.

3. Pa pecae o exae ee ecpyx poecco, poeax eoe eeoeoe p oec aooyo o cyaaox cpe peepyapo xpae e.

o-xec cceoa ycaoeo, o eee aooo cocaa eoa a epo cyaa pooo a yy 12 ocpyx epo py a 37 ocpyx opo py, c opaoae eo paeoo apyoo epexooo coe. B poyax oppo eoa oapye peyeceo apoacoepae coee, a ooee ooopaoa po oe oepxoco pooc ooc eoa a 1520%.

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