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Beee oopox py poooc y eoa eop pacoaa opaa - eoo ax ooe (M) acep aao. B pypoae o 51 oe, a x oxapaepoa o apaepa. eoepecoe pecaee oeo cceoa oopax ocx ax ooe ooo e e aoee pecaee py oeo. p ee py poee pa ooc ycoe, p oopo aa pya oeo oa aa opeeey opaey oy pocpace cex epex ax ooe.

aeceo xapaepc e ocoeoce eex py oeo o cxo apaepa pacca x ae cpex oeecx aee, a ae poeeo paeee o xapaep epaa ee apaepo. ocee pa, cxo cpex ae oeecx aee, ayeo paee cpex oeo aoo pacpeee apaepo py.

Ceye oe ooe p oae eoopx oeo o py ocx ax ooe. p pypoa oeo aece aopo cooac ae aax eooecx eaex aaco, oa eeococ oopx ee aey apa. B pyax pa ceye p oea-ooa, aoee oo oeae apaepa ycoo oeeco ae axoec e pyx ecopoe epa eex py: epec oe pcoo, apc oe ocaocoo (1 pya) ypec oe aocoo ecopoe (2 pya).

Boeoe cpaee ae pyoeaex (Tp) aaco o y acca (BHe aHe) ooo opee cyeceoe x pae. poee aa cpyyp aaco o ee pya oeo oo opee o aaco aoo oea o aaco apoax oeopax (epepoao). Ocoa o aaco o e pxoc a ae, pypoee apcoy, ococoy ypecoy pyca. ea oeo o eooopoco a ooa opee o aaco, pxoxc a ay pyy. Ha epy pyy pxoc 87,33% oo e, 71,34% aax eooecx, 74,51% aax eaex, 69,81% ocaox eooecx 66,29% ocaox eaex aaco.

Ha opy pyy ocoa o aaco e pxoc a ae e ypeco pyce aocoo ecopoe: 8,65% aax eooecx; 8,88% aax eaex; 9,35% ocaox eooecx 12,47% ocaox eaex aaco.

peee poeyp pypoa oeo papao c cooae eoa ax ooe acepoo aaa ooo aeo cee opaoa poecc acca aee, e oopoe py, a yp x poec aa cpyyp aaco aee o epepoa eooo-poco aa papao oeo eex pyax.

B opo ae poee eooo-poco aa papao oeo eex pyax epaepx oopaax. caoe ocoeoc ee oaaee o e, oc, ooeoc, ea oopa aaco, ooeoo aopa, oea ee e; poeeo cpaee oee x oaaee a pax cax papao o ee oea.

Cpae aa eoc papao x oeo eex py apoax oeopo oaa, o o oe oea aca ypoe oopa ocy p ececeo pee cyaa (pc. 1-3).

ooy e ooceoo oopa oc oea eye eeoa paec coaa. Coocaee peeo ee cpex ae ocox oaaee papao apoax oeopo ecao oey xoa aee a aca ypoe o e yaae a ocyce aex pa ey a epo ca papao. Aa a oox oopo e, oc eo ca o aea apcoo pyca ocaocoo epecoo opoa pcoo ecopoe oaae, o o e oac ococo. pocxo eaee x oea, o cao c oee ooxc ca oo ox eee ooex. Ha ox oeax c a co ca e a e ooe ypo o oaa aa oaea o oa ca. epoec poc aee oopo oc cyaaooo oea ypecoo pyca ocec oco paypae poyoo aca.

aa eo o e o oaae, o aoee co ea papaaaec apc pyc ocaocoo epec opo pcoo ecopoe. Oe pcoo ecopoe xapaepyc e epoo opcpoaoo oopa oc. Taa coa ea pooeoc ca caa c ae peoax eco (c. pc.3).

He e o o aocoy ecopoe occ e, o aeae o e oaao a e ooeoc oax ca, cyapyx ec ypecoo pyca. Oeaec caa poaeca c o aca ey aeae oa caa, .e. oo oe aa e oeceae yeee eo oopa e ypeco ae.

Ocoeoc ax aee ec oo a eeococ. B cyae peo ce a ay cay pxoc oe yee aac e, o peo yee cpoa papao.

Oe aocoo ecopoe ee aopy ay poca ooeoc poy. Cao ooeoc oeaec p yee ca ecyx aeaex ca. Ooeoc oaeo poy cyeceo eec o pee pax o aee.

Cpaee eo ooe apcx epecx aee oaae, o aao ca papao e ooe apco ae aeo e. Bo opo epo e ooe poc. Ha oeo ca ooeoc oea epecoo opoa oaaac e ooeoc oeo apcoo ypecoo pyco. B eo o oea eo apoa oeaec caoopa poc ooeoc poy. o ce oea ep ooeoc oeac p ae , pao 5..11%. po ooe ca ec ooee peyae aea o (pc.5).

pc. 6 o, o aeoo yxye papao oeo eo apoa e aaec, .e. oea aee e cepa. o epecoy opoy poaao ooo 0,31 opox oeo. o ypecoy pycy co poaax opox oeo peae 0,07 apcoy pycy oee 0,81.

1,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,20 0,0,00 0,0,00 0,20 0,40 0,60 0,80 0,00 0,20 0,40 0,60 0,,o e ,o e.

Puc. 2. uaua omopo uocmu:

Puc.1. uaua ou emu:

q/qmax-oa no oa papaom- q/qmax- omopo uocmu no ou ox om acuao (yco- a papaomu ox om acuao (ycoe ooaeu c. a puc 4) e ooaeu c. a puc. 4) 1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,40 pcoe . 1-a pya 0,(epc) (epec) 0,0,aocoe . 2-a pya 0,(ypec) 0,ocaocoe . 1-a pya 0,0,00 0,20 0,40 0,60 0,(apc) 0,,o e 0,00 0,10 0,20 0,30 0,40 0,50 0,60 0,70 0,,o e.

Puc.3. uaua meno t ooo Puc. 4. uaua oa N/Nmax oou emu (ycoe ooaeaux cau no oa papaomu c. a puc. 4) u ox om acuao(c. eey) 2,0,1,0,1,0,1,1,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,00 0,20 0,40 0,60 0,80 1,0,00 0,20 0,40 0,60 0,T,3/,o e Puc. 5 uaua cyapoo oo- Puc. 6. aucuocm meyeo ouemoo amopa (ycoe oo- uema ueeu emu om uca npoaax nopox oeo(ycoe aeu c. a puc. 4) ooaeu c. a puc.4) q/qm q/qmax t,o e N/Nmax BH,3/ He,o e.

o paccapae oea (epecoy ypecoy) peayec ocaoo ea ccea papao.

o eoe B.C. oaea (ycoepecoao P.M. apo), a pepe apco ae ocaocoo ecopoe pacca yee eooece aac ao ca.

coepecoaa eoa yae e oo pocoe oaae, a eoe B.C. oaea, o aop eooeco eoopooc. o peyaa ce a ocpoea apa yex aax eooecx aaco c paepoc c. /c. Heoxoo oe, o ao aaca xapaepyc epaa ocoa ac o ae ceepa ae.

Bpaoa aaco opeeac o o e eoe. a aoey oy e pe pao ca, pacca ae oea ee e, o oopoy a ocpoea apa pao aaco aca . Haoee paoae o aca pacooe epao (pao ca 465, 404 396) o ac (pao ca 480). Cao paoa oco pao, aaa ac o ae c ceepa ae.

Heoxoo oe o o ae, xapaepyec co aa aaca o cee pao: epao ac paoa, a ae oxo paypee o-ocoa, ceepo-ocoa ceepa ac ae. Ha eoc pao aaco cooc a eooecoo xapaepa, a pocooo. Ocyce eo poaeco c oe ac oax ca c aeae yaae a eoxooc poee a aeax ooex poaecx cceoa. Ocoe y yee o e o apae a: paypae epeo oax ca c pyx poyx aco oax, oxo oxaex oa caa;

eca oee oxaa aca aoee paoax c coo eye eeaceoc.

B pee ae pee peya pee eoo oe eeoa a apoax oeopax Pecy aopoca, Taapca yp. Boe ae eooo-poco eooocacec aa eoc pee exoo yee eeoa ce ooeoc poy a ecopoex c apoa oeopa, a ocoa eo e aoee ee exoo o oaae epaepoo ea, oey yceoc ooeo o e.

B peyae aaa peex eoo eca oopa e apoax ooe Pecy aopoca copypoa ceye o peoea:

1. peee exoo cao-eooo oec a apoax pox ooex caapo-apcoo pyca yocoo acca acoo ecopoe apoax ooex ocoo opoa Boococoo ecopoe yaae a ee eoc. ooea oa e a 9 ece 1997 cocaa 4,8 c..

2. e exooec e o pee oo ooepa oAB a apoax ooex ypecoo aecoo pyco a Hooyaeco ecopoe coca 240 ooeo o e a 1 peaea.

3. peee ocaoeeopayx exoo apoax ooex apeecoo, Paecoo, aaocoo ecopoe ooo oy ooeo 3470 e. epceo epe ec exoo a ocoe aoxopa. o 4 cao-oepa, poee H Acaoe, oyeo a 7 ece ooo 11256 ooeo e; o oy e oecy cao-oepa, poeex H apae, - 4386 .

poeee ca oaa epceoc pee ao exoo a ecopoex c apoa ooe. Peoeyec poo pacp peee ax exoo a yaax oeax a pyx ecopoex c apoa oeopa, o ce a e epco oac.

o peyaa oeo pao peoeyec: ya cee peoaoc opo p ope ooc ce ca, cce aoe ae aea; y oe oooc opoax ca c ycee eooecoo oocoa p x paee a aeax; paccope oooc aypa oox coo oce eaoo ye eooo-pocoo cya (c cooae aepao C oooep).

B acoee pe a ecopoex Taap pec pae eo yee eeoa eca o, cpe oopx aoee aco coyc epcee oec exoo, oaae paocopoee oece a ac o eee paox ooo, papyee apoaoo eea eee coc acoo e. pooe pae oy oece exoo. peoea oeca exoo papao aee apoax oeopax (TP), oopa ae ceye ee: ecaoapoe (ecoe) aoee, oa ooc ceo ca, ooopeypye exoo, ccey exoo coocooo oec a ac.

cceoa papao exoo ocoe pyoeaex aaco apoax oeopax yp ec yx apaex: oc coae exoo o-xecoo oec a ac, .. eooo oec a ac. Peyao eeapaex ayopaecx pao oc coae pao ox exoo cyaa cooocpoex ecopoe c apoa oeopa.

aee paee pee peya pepaoo aaa pee MH a ecopoex c apoa oeopa a epco oac. ooo ca papaaaex, cyex papyex eoo yee eeoa aco ec ceye py: 1) poaece, 2) o-xece, 3) poooece 4) epece. B Heeoaa papaoa apopoa pocox ycox exoo oe eeoa, oocec ep pe pya.

ao epecex py cooecye co oac cooa, peaepyea cxo eooo-ec o-xec coca acoo cce, oeceeoc peaea, exooec exo-ooec oaae poecco. Hapep, epece eo eecoopao pe p aex oc e oee 100-150 ac y ooo exooecoo ea o ce oc p apee.

Aapy ae yco pee exoo cpaa x c eooo-ec xapaepca ocoeoc coco papao paccapaex aee, oo peapeo cea ceye o o pee eoo eeoa:

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