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x (x- ) 1 Cmax = k - dx, (3) e- e k oe; - caapoe ooee pacpeee (cepc); cpeee apeecoe pacpeeee, ceoe o opye Pc = A1 ln + A3, (4) 1+ A2Pc e A1, A2, A3 ocoe oe; Pc apaoe aee cxooo cp, Ma; x = ; T eepaypa, K.

T ae oeo pacea paoecoo xoa pee ccepaoo paoe. oyee acoc cpae aaoe eepayp 500 950 C, p paae o 0 o 100 o paae a 1 o cp ae ccee o 0,01 o 0,3 Ma.

a o pcya 4, peaaea eeca oe xopoo coacyec c cepea a. To a pae cooecy cepea a, a coe pace ae, oye o oe.

apaep ypae AppePcyo 4 acoc xoa ocox poyo yca cceoax aaaop poe a ape o aopa ecoc po pee ae 2.

pu aaue uemuecux napaempo ycaoeo, o paaee o apo po pocy ayec ep aa cex aaaopo oao, eaco o x a (aa 2). p o aaaop cooo a e oee y ayyc ep aa o cpae c ape opeo opoo, o oepaec epayp a, coaco oop coe aaaop a oac ooceo x eepayp.

Taa 2 - apaep ypae Appeyca -eaa aaaop, oa Ln(k0) E, /o yco peaop (paaee o apo 1:1,5) 27 ap 23 ap (paaee o apo 1:1,5) 33 opea opoa 25 opea opoa (paaee o apo 1:0,66) 35 opea opoa (paaee o apo 1:1,5) 39 opea opoa (paaee o apo 1:3,3) 42 opea opoa (10%, paaee o apo 1:1,5) 25 -10 21 -10 (paaee o apo 1:1,5) 26 -10, poopoa Cr 16 -10, poopoa Cr (paaee o apo 1:1,5) 30 -10, poopoa Fe (paaee o apo 1:1,5) 32 caoeo, o acoc ayec ep aa o apaoo ae oc oapec xapaep, apep, poa eaa a opeo opoe oa oec ypaee E = -48,313ln(Pc +1) + 432,52, (5) e E ayac ep aa; Pc apaoe aee cp.

Tae ycaoea oecaoa acoc pecoeaoo oe o ayec ep aa, oopa ooe opee ocay copoc paoe eaa ceye e:

Pc +48,313 ln 1 7726, - k = 0,3566 e 947 T R, (6) e k ocaa copoc paoe eaa; R - yepcaa aoa ocoa; T eepaypa.

apaep ypae (2) eex poyo poa pee ccepa. caoeo, o apaep, 1 poea yeo oco opeeeoo aaaopa oaa e ac o cee paae cp o apo. Ta opao, xo poea yeo opeeec copoc paoe cxooo yeoopoa acao oo epoaec xoo aoo oea. caoeo, o aee ae e ac o ca yepox aoo opayec oee, .e.

ecoc poca xoa x oeo oaoa.

aee ea yeaec c poco cee paae cp. Ta, apep, poa a opeo opoe acoc ae o apaoo ae cp oc oapec xapaep ocaec ypaee = -0,861ln(Pi + 7) + 8,641. (7) Cpaee eecx apaepo a pax aaaopax oaae, o ooeoo poa, apa opeo opo apaep, 1 , o yaae a oao exa poea pea poa.

p aae ae 1 ycaoeo, o aoa copoc opaoa ea ocaec, oa coyc ap, opea opoa yco peaop, a poea yeo p cooa cox aaaopo.

aee ea p poe a opeo opoe yeaec c yeee cee paae o apo, ceoaeo, oo peoo, o oo ap pecye poea opx pea, o cococye oe xoa ea. acoc ae o apaoo ae cp oc oapec xapaep ocaec ypaee:

= -0,861ln(Pi + 7) + 8,641. (8) oyee eece acoc oo oe poopoa xo eex poyo poa acoc o ocox apaepo poecca. caoeo, o aoee e a xo x oeo oaa cee paae cp o apo aaaopa.

Ha pcyax 5 6 pee xo ea poa eaa acoc o cee paae o apo p cooa opeo opo aaaopa -10, paccae c cooae peoeo eeco oe aex eecx apaepo.

600 650 700 750 800 850 900 700 750 800 850 Teepaypa, C Teepaypa, C e o.apa cpe:o.ap-1:0,cpe:o.ap-1:1,5 e o.apa cpe:o.ap-1:1,5 cpe:o.ap-1:3,Pcyo 6 Bxo ea p poe Pcyo 5 Bxo ea p poe a a -10 acoc o cee paaopeo opoe acoc o cee e cp o apo p pee paae cp o apo p peoaa 0,5 c e oaa 0,5 c a o pcyo, eaco o a peeoo aaaopa pocxo yeee xoa ea p yee cee paae cp o apo. p cooa opeo nopo apy c yeee xoa ea pocxo ceee acaoo xoa oac oee x eepayp. p cooa amauamopa -10 paaee cp Bxo, % acc.

Bxo, % acc.

o apo ae po yee xoa ea, oao ceee acya xoa oac oee x eepayp e aaec.

Ha pcyax 7 8 pecae pa xoo ea poea p ooeo poe, poe a opeo opoe aaaope -10. oyee c cooae peoeo eeco oe aex eecx apaepo.

opea opoa 70 -10 opea opoa ooe po -20 ooe po 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 Teepaypa, C Teepaypa, C Pcyo 8 Bxo poea p poe ePcyo 7 Bxo ea p poe eaa aa a pax aaaopax (paaee a pax aaaopax (paaee oo apo 1:1,5 acc.)p pee oaa apo 1:1,5 acc.)p pee oaa 0,5 c 0,5 c pcya 7 o, o oac x eepayp ae aaaopa e oaa cyeceoo a xo muea. B oac eepayp 750 800 C ae aaaopa po yee xoa ea o cpae c ooe poo. p aee poce eepayp a xo ea oaae e aaaopa. p cooa aaaopa cooo a -10 pocxo ae poc xoa ea, a p cooa opeo opo aee. p poe a opeo opoe pocxo oee ecoe aee xoa ea, e p ooeo poe.

Bxo nponuea aeo cee ac o a peeoo aaaopa (c. pcyo 8). B oac yepex eepayp (600 700 C) peee cooo aaaopa ooe ye xo poea o cpae c ooe epooa poo a opeo opoe. o cao c poeae pea a coo aaaope o apo ooBxo, % acc.

Bxo, % acc.

y exay. B oac cox eepayp aoe xo poea oye p ooeo poe.

Ta opao, oyee aoeo xoa ea eaco o a peeoo aaaopa oaa peye yee eepayp ce pee oaa. Oao peee aaaopa oaa ooe ye aca xo ea o cpae c ooe poo p poee poecca p oaoo eepaype oao pee oaa.

B ae ae pee peya poa yax -aao yco pee. Maeaeco opaoo oyex ae ycaoeo, o po yco pee aaoe poy a pooo ycaoe p paae ep paaee.

Hae ooeo oepxoc, epoo, pye oee pa op e paao-eoo exaa, o po yee e cee paao-eoo exaa copoy paaoo.

Be oepxoc aaec pooo pee. Ta, yeee cee aoe peaopa opeo opoo (c 10 o 100%), p pox oaox ycox, ae po pocy ayec ep aa (c 193 o 314 /o). Tao e xapaep ee ayec ep aa aaec p epexoe c ooeoo poa epooaoy poy a ape ep aa yeaec c 210 o 266 /o (c. ay 2).

Opaoa cepeax ax oaaa, o ayac ep aa paoe cxooo -aaa paec e ac o eo , a eee ae k0 coeao ac o ooo coooe C:H cxoo oeye -aaa. aa acoc ocaec ypaee k0 = 9.865 106e49,56x. (9) Tae ycaoea ea acoc eecx apaepo (, ) o ooo coooe C:H oeye cxooo -aaa.

Ha pcyax 9 10 oaa acoc ee coepa epepaeoo cp ea poyax poa o eepayp, paccae o papaoao oe.

poa poa 90 ea ea eca eca ea ea Oa Oa 600 700 800 600 700 800 Teepaypa, C Teepaypa, C Pcyo 9 Coepae epepaeoo cp Pcyo 10 Coepae ea poypoyax poa p pee oaa 0,5c ax poa p pee oaa 0,5c a o pcya 9, c yeee -aaa yeaec copoc paoe p oaoo eepaype aoee yco ec poa, a aeee oa. caoeo, o p epexoe o poaa oay pocxo ceee acuaoo xoa muea oac oee x eepayp, p o pocxo yeee ae acaoo xoa ea. Oao yeee coepa ea c poco eepayp poyax poa pocxo o oo oe po, eaco o e -aaa coyeoo, aece cp (c. pcyo 10).

Ta opao, o ycaoeo, o oee e -aaa cococye yee acaoo xoa ea poea.

B eepo ae pecae peya cceoa o poy poooo ea a pooo ycaoe. O pooc c yc peaopo, a ape, opeo opoe c o ac (10% oea peaopa) aoee a aaaope -10.

caoeo, o p poe poooo ea, pocxo cee oepa ea poc oepa poea yeo p yee cee aoopaoa. epepacpeeee xoe aoopax poyo cao c ae ee, oo -aao ae o-aao a-oecao, oope ycox poa oee co opaoa Bxo, % acc.

Bxo, % acc.

yeo poea. Cee aoopaoa, epoo, cao c ae pooo ee apoaecx yeoopoo, oope yco pea pacaa.

oyee peya oaa, o po poooo ea poeae c ee ayec epe aa, e po -eaa, ecop a x ee coca, cex paccopex aaaopo (c.

a 2 3).

Taa 3 - apaep ypae Appeyca ea aaaop, oa Ln(k0) E, /o yco peaop 24 ap 20 opea opoa 22 opea opoa (aoee peaopa 10 %) 22 -10 12 Cpaee ae eecx apaepo ea a pax aaaopax oaao, o, a p poe -eaa, ycoo peaopa, apa opeo opo apaep, 1 , o yaae a oao exa poea pea poa. Oea oyex peyao ae oaaa: ae ea, a p poe -eaa, a p poe poooo ea, c , o yaae a caopaey acoc aoo apaepa o cocaa cp.

B aax 4 5 pecae xo ea poea p ooeo poe, poe a ape, opeo opoe aaaope -10, oyee c cooae peoeo eeco oe aex eecx apaepo.

a 4 o, o oac eepayp o 700 o 800 C ao xo ea oye a aaaope -10. p eepaype 850 C aca xo oe oye p cooa apa. peee opeo opo p oo aco aoe peaopa ae ooe ye xo ea o ce paccopeo aaoe eepayp (700 850 C) o cpae c ooe poo.

Taa 4 Bxo ea p poe poooo ea (pe oaa 0,5 c) Bxo ea, % acc., p eepaype oa aaaop 700 C 750 C 800 C 850 C ooe po 6,00 14,45 23,35 27,opea opoa 5,41 13,44 24,37 34,opea opoa (10 %) 8,40 17,72 27,58 33,ap 5,57 13,59 24,66 35,-10 12,55 22,05 30,50 35,Taa 5 Bxo poea p poe poooo ea (pe oaa 0,5 c) Bxo poea, % acc., p eepaype oa aaaop 700 C 750 C 800 C 850 C ooe po 5,03 11,66 13,55 9,opea opoa 5,97 11,30 15,04 15,opea opoa (10 %) 8,86 14,57 15,51 11,ap 5,87 10,32 13,51 14,-10 9,79 11,57 12,40 12,Maca xo poea p oaoo pee oaa aeo cee ac o a peeoo aaaopa eepayp.

Ta, p eepaype 700 C peoeo peee opeo opo c ac aoee peaopa aaaopa -10 (c. ay 5). B oac eepayp 750 800 C ao xo poea oeceae po a opeo opoe c ac aoee aaaopa. p aee oe eepayp (o 850 C) eecoopao peee opeo opo c aca aoee peaopa apa. Cpe cceoax opao, c yeo oooc execo peaa, a peaaec po a opeo opoe p aoe peaooo oea a 10 %.

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