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Ha paax pyoc EH BAM ETPOB AOHOMEPHOCT TEPMOOHTATHOO POA EBOOPOHOO CP Ceaoc 05.17.07 X exoo o ceax poyo ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay A 2002 Paoa oea a aepe xo-exooecx poecco Caaacoo aa coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Hay pyooe: oop execx ay, poeccop Axeo Caa Axeo Oae ooe: oop execx ay, poeccop Caoo Hay Aecapo oop xecx ay, poeccop Xapyo ap Pao Beya opaa apc ocyapce yepce aa cococ 2002 . a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.03 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy:

450062, Pecya aopoca, . a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca 2002 oa.

e cepeap ccepaooo coea Aye ..

3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT ATAHOCT TEM. B acoee pe aoee aya c poe yye epepao e, oe oa aeca paoaoo pee eepoyo. B c c ooe aee popea cceoa pao, apaee a yeee xoa poyo, oyaex eoo cp. O ax poyo ec e, oyae ye poa eoo cp. poe ea, ye poa oya aex oecax poe, ye, yae, eo, co pye yeoopo. Ha ocoe epecex poyo paoa pooca oea, ocpoa, cpo, ycyco co, ceecx ooo, ox o ayya acacc, ox eec poaeee p oye caox aepao ox pyx poyo.

Oco coo oye x oeo ec ooe po pyax eax. aa exoo coyec ye pooeoe pe, oea o ee ycoepecoa paec cepa. B c c oco epec pecae epce poecc poa a eepoex aaaopax oaax, papaoa oopoo a aaa ee oe 50-x oo. Coeae xopoo exec opaoaoo eoa poa pyax eax c peee aaaopa oaa ooe e cyecex aax apa oc ceeoc poecca ye xo eex poyo. B c c oop aaaopa, cocooo oece oee co xo eex poyo, oo oee oo cooa cpee pecypc.

ccepaoa paoa oea a aepe xo-exooecx poecco cooec c eyoco ayo-execo popao ocoea P o cey opaoa Texoo o, pacopa yye epepao e, aa oecaa (pa Mcepca opaoa Pocc 865 o 03.04.98, yaae 747-19 o 22.12.97).

E PAOT. cceoae eecx aooepoce poecca poa yax yeoopoo pooo eoo pa a aaaopax oaax pax o papaoa exoo oye x oeo c cooae poecce poa pyax eax eepoeoo aaaopa oaa.

aa cceoa:

- cceoae poa a pax aaaopax oaax;

- papaoa eeco oe poa;

- ee eecx aooepoce epooaoo aaecoo poa;

- papaoa aeaeco oe poeoo peaopa poa;

- opeeee oax apaepo poa yeoopooo cp.

HAHA HOBHA:

- papaoaa ycoepecoaa eoa pacea paoecx oepa poyo poa acoc o apaepo poecca;

- papaoaa ycoepecoaa epooco-caceca eeca oe poa;

- opeee eece aooepoc epeece xapaepc (ep aa, pecoeae oe) pea paoe yax yeoopoo poooo ea p poe a aaaope -10 oae opea opoa;

- papaoaa ycoepecoaa aeaeca oe peaooo eea e poa. Ha aeaeco oe ycaoeo e ocox apaepo poecca (eepayp, pee oaa, cee paae cp o apo) a xo eex poyo poa;

- a peoea o opy oax apaepo poecca epooaoo poa poooo ea a opeo opoe pyax eax.

PATECA EHHOCT. Papaoaa epea a aepe xo-exooecx poecco Caaacoo aa HT ycoepecoaa eoa o cceoa poa yeoopooo cp a yco pooo aopaopo ycaoe.

APOA PAOT. Ocoe ooe peya pao oaac ocyac a Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe, oceo 50-e HT, "poe oo-epeecoo oeca Pocc" (.a, 1998 .), Meyapoo ayo-paeco oepe Heeaoepepaoa eex poe epce (.a, 2001 .), Meyapoo ayo oepe Teop paa accooex poecco xeco exoo (Mapyce e) (.a, 2001 .) ayo-execx oepex ceapax HT aax.

A. o aepaa ccepa oyoao 16 pao, ao eoecoe ocoe.

CTPTPA OEM CCEPTA. ccepa coco ee, 5 a, ox oo, opaecoo cca 124 aeoa. Paoa oea a 156 cpaax aocoo eca, coep 79 pcyo 41 ay.

OCHOBHOE COEPAHE PAOT epa aa ccepa ocea oopy oeecex apyex epaypx coo o ee ccepa. Paccope epaoe eo poa paoo yeoopooo cp. Cea oop o coye poecce aaecoo poa aaaopa. Paccopeo e a aaaopa a coca poyo poa. Oeea epceoc epooaoo aaecoo poa a oeceaeo oee coe xo x oeo.

Aa epaypx ax oaa, o, ecop a aeoe oeco aaaopo poa, eece aooepoc pea opaoa paoe poyo paec e ye, a ocoo yop cea a oc oee ax aaaopo. yee eecx aooepoce opaoa pacaa poyo pea acoc o a aaaopa oo oee aeceo oo poee oopa aoee oxoeo aaaopa.

Bo opo ae pecae eo poa yeoopooo cp yco pooo pee, a ae eoa pacea paoecx oepa poyo poa. poe oo, ao ocae coyex oao, aaaopo cp.

Ha pcye 1 pecaea cxea aopaopo yco ycao.

1 - ao c yeoopo ao; 2 - ao c ao-ocee; 3 - pa-oaop;

4 - aoep; 5 - peyop pacxoa; 6,10 - apeaea e; 7 - peaop;

8 - oycep; 9 - xpoaopaeca ooa; 11 - ooa c acapo;

12 - ATP; 13, 15, 18 - oeoep C - 4; 14 peyop eepayp BPT - 3;

16 - eeop;17 - o ypae eeopo; 19 - cape Pcyo 1 - Cxea yco ycao poa yeoopoo Ha ao ycaoe poee cceoa o aaecoy epooaoy poy. co poee cceoa pecae ae 1.

Taa 1 co poee poecca poa a yco ycaoe apaep poecca Meaec peaop ape peaop Teepaypa, C 540 900 600 aee, Ma 0,15 0,25 0,10 0,Bpe oaa, c 1,5 3,1 4,0 6,peyeco ao ycao ec oooc poee aaa poyo a oo xpoaopae, o, coea c yc peo, ooe oece coy cpeccoc cepea. Meoa pacea xoa poyo poa peea ccepaoo paoe.

B ao ae ae pecaea ycaoa eoa poee poa pooo pee. C cooae ao ycao poee cceoa ooeoo aaecoo poa p ceyx ocox apaepax: eepaypa peaope 600 900 C; paaee cp o apo coooe o 1:0,66 o 1:3,3 acc.; pe oaa o 0,1 o 5 c.

Bo opo ae pecaea ycoepecoaa eoa pacea paoecoo cocaa poyo poa, ocoaa a a ep cce:

n G = i, (1) m i i=e mi oeco oe i-o ooea ccee; i = i0 + RTLnai - xec oea i-o ooea; n co ooeo cce; ai - aoc i-o ooea.

eo .. a ocoe yco (1) coy yco coxpae ca aoo aoo eea xoe pea, oaa, o, xo oca paoec ca c mi eeo, cyecye oo o aop paoecx e mi, ex ec cc, .e. eceoc coco paoec.

Ta opao, py ypaee (1), oo pacca paoec coca cce. cxo a paceo c coca cxooo cp, aece coca oyaex poyo, aee, eepaypa.

B aece cceyex oao aaaopo cooac: opea opoa, poe aaaop aaecoo pea -10, aa aop -10 poopoa xpoo, aaaop -10, poopoa eeo. opea opoa caaec oaax ooaex ap a oxo ooae ypx ye. B aece cpae pooc o a ape (epooa po) yco peaope (ooe po).

B aece cp cooac yae yeoopo: poa, ea, eca, ea, oa, a ae poo e.

B pee ae pecae: epoaec aa paoecoo cocaa poyo poa; peya cepeaoo cceoa pooo yco peax; eeca oe eece aooepoc poecca poa, a ae poee aa ax, oyex c cooae ao oe.

B poox peax poee cceoa o ooeoy poy eaa, a ae po a ape, opeo opoe, aaaopax -10, -10, poopoao xpoo eeo, p paae cxooo cp o apo e paae.

Opaoa oyex peyao poa a ape opeo opoe oaaa: peee apa opeo opo ooe ye xo ea, ocoeo oac cox eepayp. B o e pe peee apa opeo opo e po apaoy ee cocaa aoopax poyo poa, o cpae c ooe poo. o, o-oy, cao c oao paao-e exao poea poecca.

Opaoa peyao o poy a cox aaaopax oaaa, o ce cceoae aaaop a cxoee pacpeeee poyo o eepaype. B oac x eepayp, eaco o a poopyeo eaa paae cp o apo, peoaa yeoopo C C4, o yaae a poeae pea o apo-ooy exay. C poco eepayp pocxo yeee coepa ae ea cee oepa poea (pcyo 2, 3), o yaae a eee exaa pacaa c apo-ooo a paao-eo.

50 30 600 650 700 750 800 600 650 700 750 800 Teepaypa, C Teepaypa, C -10;

-10;

-10 (cpe:o.ap-1:1,5);

-10 (cpe:o.ap-1:,1.5);

-10, poopoa xpoo;

-10, poopoa xpoo;

-10, poopoa xpoo (cpe:o.ap-1:1,5);

-10. poopoa xpoo (cpe:o.ap-1:1,5);

-10, poopoa eeo (cpe:o.ap-1:1,5) -10, poopoa eeo (cpe:o.ap-1:1,5) Pcyo 3 acoc oepa Pcyo 2 acoc oepa poea ae poa o eepayp ea ae poa o eepayp poopoae aaaopa -10 xpoo e ae aeoo ee oepa x oeo o cpae c c aaaopo 10. oaee eea, aoopo, yeae oepa ea oac eepayp 600 700 C oepa poea p eepaype 600 C o cpae c py aaaopa (c. pcyo 3).

Ta opao, peee eocoepax aaaopo ooe e coca aa oac x eepayp, oao e po aeoy ee xoa poyo p ax eepaypax y ecoo oepc cxooo cp.

Ha ocoa ax, oyex peyae cceoa, peoea eeca oe e eece aooepoc poecca poa. Cocaee eeco oe, ocoao a co exae paao ex pea, eca coo ae epecoo poa, e oop ye o epooao aaeco poe, e aey po pa poecc, cae c oepxoc aaaopa (e ype y). B c c o ox paoax, cax c cocaee eecx oee, opao cepeax ax peaaec cooa epooco cacece eo. Ha ocoa aoo eoa coepae i-o ooea ccee opeeoc o opye oepa, % acc.

oepa, % acc.

2 -( - ) -( - ) 1 1 2 1 Ci = Cmax (2) e 2 d 1 - 2 e 2 d, 0 e Cmax - acaoe epoaec oooe coepae i-o ooea ccee; 1, - apaep opaoo aoa pacpeee.

aee xapaepye ecoc poca xoa oea acoc o ae. ae 1 xapaepy ae, p oopx aaec acaa copoc opaoa paoe oea. poe oo, aee 1 ec oceo xapaepco ceeoc o xoy aoo oea. ocaa copoc paoe cp opeeec o ypae Appeyca. aee Cmax paccaoc o peoeo o opo ae eoe.

caoeo, o eee paoecoo xoa ao cyae oe ocao c oo opaoo aoa pacpeee aycca:

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