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Haeee papaoa opoco p opeee oea oep ycooc ooca (coa) ec ceoe oepoae poecca ooe pa o acecx eopa pya o oe coo oepxoc coe eo c c HC acca pya. ooy ao paoe ocooe ae yeeo coepecoa oo acea poe.

B oe cyae ooc co oe oep ycooc o eoopo oopeeo o eoop oepxoc coe. Moo e:

1) oep ycooc e oo (o cay) (pc. 2, a, o. 1); 2) oep ycooc o ooe (pc. 2, a, o. 2); 3) oep ycooc o ocoa (pc. 2, a, o. 3).

a) ) Pc. 2. Ooc (co): a) eyco, ) yco 1-3 oepxoc coe; 4-ooa ooca; 5-oepxoc ocoa ooca ce pac HC ooca coa e ooe eocpeceo opee oe oep ycooc, o, a ape ao coy oy opy eop pooc pyo p oo eop pao, oo poopopoa opaoae coo aceco o oace opaoa pe.

Macc pya, opae ooco (coo), coco paoec o eoepec cooe eo (pc 2 ). B eop pao eo oo oxapaepoa a ca pa, o ec e e ep coee e , ac o o acca oo oac y pyy e epyc cxoy, e cpea oxo acece oac o opaoa pe.

ocpo pa G(X,U), accopoa c oeo eeo ceo x X pa pyooo acca (pc. 3). ao epe paa i ocae cooece o , ceoaeo, oeco oeco ep X paa G(X,U). e ep paa ce, ec o coee pepo. a cee ep pac , ee oy pa, oa {xix }U oy, o cea pa pepo paa, e ec i, j o j oepa ep (oepa ); U oeco pep paa G(X,U).

27 26 G(X,U) 30 29 33 32 36 35 15 14 13 3 2 18 17 16 6 5 21 20 19 9 8 24 23 22 12 11 Pc. 3. oeo-eea cea ooca (coa) ee cxo pa G (X, U) pa, ocpoe a opao o aaa paca, ao cxo pao. O ye yoeop opye (4), a ceoaeo, o ca pa. B eoepeco eppea o oaae, o ec cxo pa G(X,U) ao a oeoeey cey (pc. 3), o a a oaae oa epa paa.

B poecce pacea ac ye epexo acoe cocoe.

oce ao epa ep, cooecye , yac cxooo paa ece c e ppa (pc.4).

27 26 G1(Y,V) 30 29 33 32 36 35 15 14 13 3 2 18 17 16 6 5 21 20 19 9 8 24 23 22 12 11 -, Pc. 4. oeo-eea cea ooca eo ey pa G1 (Y, V), cooecy eoopoy ay epa Tao pa, cooecy coco pacoo acca a ao o ae epa, ao ey pao , coaco po epoo ceao epaype, o ec opao G1(Y,V) paa G(X,U), oeco ep Y oopoo ec ooeco ep X paa G, a ppa ac pep paa G, oa oa oopx ea oece Y. p yae ep ex e pep oyaec pa S ooee opaa G1 o G. ooee S eyeo paa pecae coo xapaep pa acecx eopa acce pya ooca coa.

Bep S oo opee ace . p pacax ooco (coo) oo apaee eco (pc. 2, a), a pepo ye pocxo oep ycooc. Toa, oe e ep cxooo paa: oy ooeo ee, oopy ao ao, a pyy e ee - aa oeco ee ey epa. oce oe ao epa paca o M ocyecec oc eeapo e ey oee epa eye pae. p o ec e e aea (pc 5), o oec oce epa, pac ocaaaec - o oaae, o ooc (co) oep ycooc.

27 G1(Y,V) 30 29 33 32 36 35 15 14 13 3 2 18 17 16 6 5 21 20 19 9 8 24 23 22 12 11 -, Pc. 5. Moe oep ycooc ooca pap e ey epa 25-24, 25-27; epa 34 yaea B xoe paceo cceoa peyao pee aa ycooc ooco coo oyeo, o ooaoo opeee ycooc oea oep ycooc ooca eoxoo opaoa oc y yx ee. B aece oeex ep ceye pa:

1) epy (aa), cooecyy po ooca;

2) epy, cooecyy oo ooca;

3) epy a ooe eo, oopa cooecye oepxoc ooca;

4) epy a ooe eo, oopa cooecye ocoa paceo oe ooca.

Ooc e yco, ec oopeeo ocycye e ey ao epo epa yo 3, 4. B o cyae epao pace pepaec. Ec aec xo oa e, o o oaae, o acce pya ooca e coppoaac coa aya a ee ooca peea oa - ooc yco.

pepa, opaeoo a pc. 3, ao epo ye 25.

oee yy 24, 27, 34. Ha pc. 5 opae oe oep ycooc ooca pap e ey oee epa.

Ta opao, opopoae coco ooca poecce ceoo pacea ooe opee oe oep ycooc ooca cooecye ey o opaoa pe pa oace acecx eopa pya acce ooca. Papaoa popa oec Slope aoapye poecc aaa ycooc ooca, cae apopoe, ooe aaee acaoo ca epa. cooae ceoo eoa M ae oooc opee HC acca pya ooca ypyoaceco ocaoe aa eocpeceo ocoac a oax eop pooc pya p opeee peex ae ape .

Tpe aa ocea oca oyeoo xoe cceoa aopa opeee oea oep ycooc ooca (coa) a ocoe aaa HC acca pya pa o acecx eopa, oop peaoa e popaoo oeca Slope. a popa oec cppye peaae o paoe oxo ec aoeo epce popa, ooo pee pae poepoa.

Oa cpyypa popaoo oeca coco px oye, oope c caap copeex CAP (cxea a pc. 6).

oooa eoepeco oe oea o cxox o ax Moy 1.

pepo- eccop oooa cxox ax pacoo oa o oec popa paca Moy 2.

o 3 o M (MC) opo Pacoe acx oace ooce po Moy 3.

Opaoa paec o o 4 peyao paca ocpo- eccop Pc. 6. Oa o cxea popaoo oecee Slope popaa papaoaa a poee ccee AutoCAD. B aece ocooo a popapoa coyec epce C++, a aee oooc o epeocy popa a pye aop BM p a cooecyx oopo, oecea coy copoc, ooc aoc cex poeccax c ca c aae oo. ac popa, peaaee pao paeco cpee AutoCAD, aca a aoo cpe yoao e popapoa AutoLISP (Aoc). cpeca peca oooc pee aa, oax poecce pao ooae a aax 1 4 (pc. 6). a oeeo e, copeex pacx aeax CAP po e p ocoe ac oy:

pepoeccop, oop oeceae oooy cxox ax (o 1 2); poeccop pacoe po ocpoeccop peaae aeo opao ax paca oa eoxoo ooae e. epeaa opa ey oy oa popaoo oeca ocyecec e ecox ao opae ASII. a coepa opa e cco a.

Heoxoo ae, o aop oca e pae ooca peaoa a eac ae popa o ccey AutoCAD oe cooa aapoa o pae pacee oy cex eoo pacea ycooc ooco acco pyo.

B eepo ae poc pep paca, aa cpaee oyex peyao c peyaa pyx eoo paca ycooc ooco. ocoy ca pac o eoy oy peaoa p oo pax aeo popa ca eo ec oepa, o p cceoa HC acca ooca ocooe ae yeoc eoc aopa opeee oea oep ycooc ooca.

B aece cpax pepo pee p aa, o ce:

ycooc oopooo epaoo ooca pyo, oaax caoc ype pee; aaa oca ecoo oocooo yaea. B aece oea cceoa pa ooc paoe cpoeca yxaoo apaa apae 570 pocoo paoa .

.

Teppop oea cceoa pacooea o ac . opaea ya Hoo Mocoa, pye, Bopocoo ya. B eoopooeco ooe yaco pypoe 3 aoeo eppace o p. eo. Acoe oe oepxoc peea: 118 144 . C ceepo aaa a o oco eppop epeceae opa c e oepae, opac oy p. eo. Bepa eo axoc a peea apaa. Ha yacax poxoe y Hoo Mocoa Bopocoo opa aca.

o-eooecx e oee oee: apc, ooeopaoae, po. Co opaa oece ooeoac, a a x xapaepo ae papee cax cx ooacex ecax pyo. Ta e oeaec ae acce pya opaa oepxoce coe. oaa cpoeca yyeo oeoo apaa pacooea aee opaa. Opa a cceyeo yace ee U-opay opy, pa ey poa ocae 100 , pa aea 3-5 , ya pea 10-20 . o opo oca pa. Ha oe cceoa oea ece ocoe eppop ececee co opaa apye ye papao pya o opa oc o y. Pace ycooc ooca oe o poce cya apocpopoe c c aao opye opo opaa o cpoeo oa.

e pao aa ycooc ooca poopoae eo aeeo oee.

o a eepo-eooecx ca pyax, caax ooc, ee epe eepo-eooecx eea (). MC aoo pee ae. oopo co op a e ec paceax yac a paoepo-pacpeeea apya - ppoa ooc 1.36 /c3, oa 80 c. Pacea cxea peea a pc. 7, cxo pa a pc. 8, ey pa, cooecy oey oep ycooc, a pc. 9, o acaex ape - a pc. 10.

o-exaece coca pyo oaae ac- cyec eco a MC o ac- e oypy a epa -1 -2 -3 -ooc ppoa, /c3 1.35 2.05 1.70 1.oe opcoc 2.4 0.86 0.81 0.oaae eyec 0.53 0.22 ---- 0.Ceee, Ma. 0.013 0.012 0.013 0.o ypeeo pe, pa. 17 24 25 Moy eopa epae 5.0 13.0 20.0 18.0.0-0.25 Ma, Ma Paceoe copoee, Ma 0.12 ---- 0.30 ---- Pace oaa, o ooc eyco. a ocpoea oepxoc coe coocae c peyaa o eoy pyopecx oepxoce coe ce .

oe ycooc pae 0.87 o peaaeoy eoy, 0.89 - o eoy pyopecx oepxoce coe paoec c 0.81 - o ooe peex acaex ape ce ae acaex ape , oope epeceac yo oepxoc coe (pc. 11, o. 1). B epo cyae oe cocao 2% copoy yee, oopoe ocec yeo yeeo pooc pya oax opaoa pe, o e yaec pao-aaec eoo.

q = 10.36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 108 107 106 105 104 103 102 101 100 99 98 97 96 95 94 93 92 91 90 89 88 87 86 85 84 83 82 81 80 79 78 77 76 75 74 144 143 142 141 140 139 138 137 136 135 134 133 132 131 130 129 128 127 126 125 124 123 122 121 120 119 118 117 116 115 114 113 112 111 110 180 179 178 177 176 175 174 173 172 171 170 169 168 167 166 165 164 163 162 161 160 159 158 157 156 155 154 153 152 151 150 149 148 147 146 216 215 214 213 212 211 210 209 208 207 206 205 204 203 202 201 200 199 198 197 196 195 194 193 192 191 190 189 188 187 186 185 184 183 182 252 251 250 249 248 247 246 245 244 243 242 241 240 239 238 237 236 235 234 233 232 231 230 229 228 227 226 225 224 223 222 221 220 219 218 288 287 286 285 284 283 282 281 280 279 278 277 276 275 274 273 272 271 270 269 268 267 266 265 264 263 262 261 260 259 258 257 256 255 254 324 323 322 321 320 319 318 317 316 315 314 313 312 311 310 309 308 307 306 305 304 303 302 301 300 299 298 297 296 295 294 293 292 291 290 360 359 358 357 356 355 354 353 352 351 350 349 348 347 346 345 344 343 342 341 340 339 338 337 336 335 334 333 332 331 330 329 328 327 326 396 395 394 393 392 391 390 389 388 387 386 385 384 383 382 381 380 379 378 377 376 375 374 373 372 371 370 369 368 367 366 365 364 363 362 432 431 430 429 428 427 426 425 424 423 422 421 420 419 418 417 416 415 414 413 412 411 410 409 408 407 406 405 404 403 402 401 400 399 398 397 468 467 466 465 464 463 462 461 460 459 458 457 456 455 454 453 452 451 450 449 448 447 446 445 444 443 442 441 440 439 438 437 436 435 434 433 504 540 502 501 576 539 538 499 612 575 537 497 652 648 611 574 536 535 495 573 534 493 647 610 572 533 491 609 531 489 646 571 532 608 570 530 487 645 569 529 485 484 607 528 527 644 606 567 526 481 643 605 566 525 480 479 478 477 476 475 474 642 604 565 524 603 564 523 522 641 563 521 473 720 640 562 520 519 471 470 601 561 518 719 639 600 560 517 718 638 599 559 516 558 717 637 598 557 716 597 556 512 511 510 509 715 636 596 714 635 595 553 713 634 594 552 507 663 712 505 756 711 633 593 551 506 755 710 632 592 550 754 709 631 591 753 708 630 590 589 752 707 629 588 751 706 628

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