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128 BHTPXOCTBEHHA OOEPA A HCTPMEHT OTMA BEH MATEPAHX HAHCOBX OTOOB OPAHA.P. aaeea, acpa (ucu ocyapcme emo mexuecu yuepcumem) epe py opaa, e coe cocae eppopao oocoee cpyype opaee, oa ocoe poe poecce ypae , a eo:

- oopa aepax acox ooo ey aa oo opaeee;

- apoa epeco cpyypx opaee opaa eo;

- oppoae ypopopao cce ax paceo ey opaee;

- oa aooooe eeoc opaa.

Bypxocee ooe ey cpyyp opaee ooo pecoo a peca coo oepa o epeae oey ac yeca, peyao oex pao, oaax ycy oo cpyypo ee opaa pyo ex oecee ocoo pooceo xoceo eeoc.

Oo x op ypxocex ooe ec ypxocea ooepa.

Hapep, opaa coco N ao oooo opaee. a a ee aoe exooec , a ooa poy aa (ai) oe peaoaa copo oyae o po ea (xi). Opaa ae poo ee b, cocoee poy ao, peayeoe oyae o poo ee xb. B pooce poy b yacy M N ao opaa (oeo, o m M N) .e. b =,i = 1;n ai j=1 B o cyae, poy aa j cyae aece oyapao ceyeo o exooeco eoe pooca aa (j+1), a cpyype opaee, ae pooco e b yac ypxoceo ooepa.

oppoae exaa ypxoceo ooepa peoaae paccopee 4 aceo:

eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* 1) aa cyecye oppoae aepao cxe e aepax acox ooo;

2) paoy ocoy ypxocex ooe;

3) ooecoo oocoa cooco oe ypex ocao;

4) opae yxaepco yee aooe ocec pee exaa ypxoceo ooepa;

5) oyeaooe oopee oepa o ypxoce ocaa.

Paccop aa cyecye oppoae aepao cxe e aepax acox ooo.

B acoee pe MAO "Heeaoaa" peec ceya cxea e aepax pecypco paax ypxoceo ooepa:

1 2 m-j A1(x1) A2(x2) Aj(xj) Am-1(xm-1) oyae m b(xb) Pcyo 1 Cxea e aepax pecypco a a co ooy poy, yc oyapao ceyeo o exooeco eoe opaee, "ocae" o poo ee c peee ceo-ayp, opaee a ceax peaa ooo poy acee cooecyx aoo (HC, ao a ooaee aoopo, aoa a p). oce exooeco eoe a ocae oooe ee oyae. oooe opaeee ocyece opo coe yco ooopa.

Cxea e eex ooo oce oa oyaee oyeo poy pecaea a pc. 2.

oce oye eex cpec a, peay oooe ee oyae, epece paec cpeca aa, yacy o ypxoceo ooepa coaco cae cea-aypa. Ha pace ce eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* oooo opaee, a opao, eee cpeca e ocya. Oao c oo ece ac I H P oaoc o yae aoo e e a ooo opaee. o ocoeco ca epe ypaee opaae ooey aay o cpeoa eex cpec y ao ya aoo, oaex epece pyx epaoax aee, a ae ayypoa acox pecypco oecee ypae opaae.

1 2 m-j oooe oyae m opaeee ao apaee e eex cpec;

cpeoae eex cpec y ao.

Pcyo 2 Cxea e eex ooo oce oa oyaee poy peaaea cxea ypxoceo ooepa cococye yce po oooo opaee, a epa, ooppyeo ee aepax acox ooo, pecaea a pc. 3.

B o cyae, opaa e oooo opaee ayypye acoe oo a coe paceo cee pacopaec epecax ceo pep: yaae ao pye oaee ae, pacpeee acoe pecypc ey aa coaco ae pacep ea, coye cooe eee cpeca cooec c po acoo oo popaa pa opaa.

eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* 1 2 m-j Am-1(ym-1) A2(y2) Aj(yj) A1(y1) m b(xb) b(yb) oooe opaeee oyae e A1(y1), A2(y2), Aj(yj), Am-1(ym-1) poy ao 1, 2, j, m-1 cooeceo o pacep (ype) ea;

b(yb) oooe ee b o pacepo (ypee) ee.

Pcyo 3 ee aepax pecypco 1 2 m-j m oooe opaeee oyae ao Pcyo 4 ee eex ooo Paccop paoy ocoy ypxocex ooe.

peoea cxea e aepax pecypco paax ypxoceo ooepa ocoaa a o yepe, o oe ee yeca ey opaee ooo pecoo a e copooaec epexoo paa coceoc a o yeca, a, ceoaeo, c o pe paacoo, yxaepcoo aoooo aooaeca e ec peaae aepax eoce. Opac eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* ecyey aooaecy:

1) aeee pec o coeo oocoeoo opaee yeco, o ce epepacpeeee oo yeca, cooec c . 3 c. 55 P ec oo y pecoo a o ooe yoyoy opaee e oe apoao a ec o peaa oapo (pao, ycy).

2) coaco . 12 9/99 pya paec yxaepco yee p oopeeo oe epecex e yco. B cyae poa oapo, poy, pao, ycy pa py o peaa eoxoo coee cex yco. O x yco ec epexo paa coceoc (ae, ooa pacope) a poy (oap) o opaa oyae ec paoa pa aao (ycya oaaa). oo ceye, o p epeee poy (oapo, pao, ycy, cp, aepao ..) ey pa opaee oo opaa pya oxo oy e oy. Ceoaeo, e pac pyo ocye, cae c epeae aepax eoce cpec ey cpyyp opaee ooo pecoo a.

3) coaco c. 39 H P peaae oapo (pao, ycy) paec epeaa a oeo ocoe paa coceoc a oap (epeaa peyao oex pao, oaae ycy).

p epeae yeca o ao pyoy, a ye oeaoc e, epexoa paa coceoc e pocxo.

4) coaco o. 2 . 1 c. 146 H P paec peaae oapo (pao, ycy) a eoeo ocoe epeaa paa coceoc a oap (peya oex pao, oaae ycy) " cocex y, pacxo a oope e pac ey p cce aoa a oxo opaa, .. epe aopaoe oce". p o, o "pacxoa, oope e pac ey" eoxoo oa "apa, oope e oocc a ceecooc". p epeae yeca, pao, ycy o ao pyoy aee opao eo cooc aec ceecooc ooo poy.

Ha ocoa eoeoo, oo ocapoa, o epeaa oo yeca ey aa opaee ooo pecoo a e oe c peaae ( a oeo, a eoeo ocoe).

eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* oouecu acnem cooa exaa ypxoceo ooepa c e oa e aepax acox ooo aaec :

- oocoa e a ypee oca;

- ope ao-coee (oppoae "ope coee).

p ycaoe e a ee, eec, oo copo, ooo poye oaaeo opaee, , c pyo copo, oyapao paeo opaee, eoxoo ya ceye aop:

- ey px apa a pooco;

- ey aax pacxoo;

- oooc popee y copox ocao;

- oo a pacopx pacxoax;

- oo a aoax;

- ypoe apy poocex ooce;

- ey p.

poea opa aoooepaopo oae yx cyax:

1) ec aoe-o ee oe ooeo eco opaee;

2) ec aoe-o ee oe ayeo y copoeo ocaa.

p oppoa "ope coee" eoxoo ya ceye aop:

- apa a popeee e;

- cpo oca;

- aeco e;

- oooc ocepoaoo ocya.

Bpac e opaee, ae apaepo oopx yy oa.

Paccop opaee yxaepco yee aooe ocec pee exaa ypxoceo ooepa.

a ye oeaoc e, c e coacoa epeco ao opaa eo, peaaec peee ypex pacex (pacepx) e a ypxocee oca. p o peoaaec ee aepax pecypco (ooo poy ao) o pacep ea opaa a aaco (a ceax ypaeecoo yea), a pecpax eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* yxaepcoo yea ( ex ea apea co copo aoox opao o cop oxoa) o aeco ceecooc.

o oo pe yey aay: yec "pao" ao a opeeey ac p oce peaa oooo e, c oo copo, poa pacxo o poocy oeo poy, c pyo. o p, oyaea ao o oooo opaee ocaac oce op epe pooca, coyec o ycope pyooca ao.

Taa 1 - Cxea yxaepcx pooo Oepa epeaee paee opaeee opaeee 1. epeaa ooo poy 79/.. (oaae ycy, oee pao) a 1 a opaoy a 2. oye aepae 10/.. pecypc 79/..

3. Oaa ycy (oe 20/.. pao) o ao 79/..

pyoy opae yxaepco yee peec ce "Bypxocee pace" cyce "Bypxocea ooepa". Aaec ye ceye ec papee ao oex ooopo. ooa poy aa epeaec c pea cea 40 "ooa poy" cyce "Bypxocea ooepa" o aoo, opao pyo paceo ceecooc. paee opaeee opaae ocyee aepax pecypco o ee cea 10 "Maepa" cyce "Bypxocea ooepa", o (ycy, pao) ee cea 20 "Ocooe pooco" cyce "ypxocea ooepa".

B oe oeoo epoa eoxoo ocyec oppepoy paceo ceecooc epeax aepax eoce c oecee ocaa o cey 40 cyce "B.." a acoe peya.

Peaa oooo e eecoopao ocyec eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* epe oooe opaeee .. o oo:

- ea "pcoe" acooo peyaa oce exooeco eoe ao;

- ayypoa eee cpeca a paceo cee oooo opaee epaoax aee e oo pacxooa;

- yc opo a aco ooa opaa.

peee exaa ypxoceo ooepa ec o cpyeo oa aooooe, ocoy oo:

- c aoooe pe opaa o aoy a ooaee aoopo (1 % o oea ypxoceoo oopoa);

- c pacxo, cae c aco pacea o aoy a oaey cooc, aoy a p opaa.

oyeaooe oopee oepa o ypxoce ocaa cey opao.

B yeo oe opaa o a opae ceye ace ypxocex ooe:

- opeeee ypxoceoo oopoa;

- oea ypxoceoo oopoa;

- exa oppoa "ope coee" ooopa paax ypxoceo ooepa;

- opo paceo o ypxoce ooe;

- cxea opae yee oepa o ypxoceo ooepa pox ypxocex ooe;

- op coepae epx oyeo a ypxoceoe epeeee aepax eoce (oaae ycy, oee pao).

* ooec ec HT /o pe. ... Poooo .H. //C. pyo HT, 2001. c. 128-135.




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