WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     || 2 | 3 |
Ha paax pyoc CEEHB MTP BAMPOB CHTE CCEOBAHE OMOTECX PEBPAEH AOAOEHTOB AHTPTOB 02.00.03 opaeca x ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa xecx ay a 2002 2 Paoa oea H aooax xecx poyo peao a aepe ox exoo poooecx pooc coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

HAH POBOTE: oop xecx ay, poeccop op Bap Bopo OAHE OOHEHT: oop xecx ay, poeccop oc Cee Coooo aa xecx ay, o Aecap Mxao BEEE PEPTE:

apc ocyapce yep ce aa cococ 25 op 2002 . 1630 ac. a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.01 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy: 450062, a-62, ocoao 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca 25 cep 2002 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea, poeccop A.M. Cp 3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc e. Aoaoe poo coyc opaeco cee oye cox po, epapoypao, aeae, aoecpo, cepox coee ..

oco oyoax paee pao, ocex ye x x coee, ca c cceoa pex aoxopo. B ocee o ce o epec poec cceoa ooecx pepae -aoxopo x pea c pa opaec coee. B o e pe ae o peaoo cocooc apae pepae -aopoo -apo ooecx oax peax, a ae oaoeo aeex eox, opx cpo, oo oooc x pee opaeco cee paec ocycy epaype.

B c c pecaec aya epce cceoae peaoo cocooc ox ceecx oooce pax opaecx oaoeo po, a ae papaoa a x ocoe ox ex eoo cea ex opaecx coee.

ccepaoa paoa oea cooec c aa HT Mopaoa P T. 477 Teopeece oco eoo oye aooax xecx poyo peao (pa Mopaoa P o 31.12.3293, pacopee Mopaoa P o 14.01.99 12-30) cooec c eepao eeo popao ocyapcea oepa epa ceo opaoa yaeao ay a 1997-2001 . e pao. cceoae ox ooecx oax pea opaecx oaoeo, apo oooc x cooa opaeco cee.

cxo ocaeo e, paoe peac ceye aa:

- cceoae ooecoo pacee -aopoo;

- cceoae aoec -aopoo c aea ooceo peaoo cocooc aeo peax c -aopoa;

- cceoae pea -aoaoeo c -apa;

- cceoae pea ooecoo pacee oaoeo eox cpo;

- cceoae pea ooecoo pacee oaoeo opx cpo oo.

Haya oa. Bepe cceaec ye pea ooecoo pacee -aopoo. oaao, o aopo eo oepac ypoaoy pacee c opaoae cox po.

Bepe cceoa pea -aopoo c aea opeee ocoe apae x poea. Meoo oyppyx pea opeeea oocea peaoa cocooc aaecx apoaecx aeo peax c -aopoa.

Bepe cceoa pea -apo c -aoaoea. oaao, o -aoaoe py pepae, cax opax ycox, -apo c opaoae cox po, cpo aeo.

Bepe ye pea ooecoo pacee oaoeo eox, opx cpo oo. oaao, o acoc o cpyyp, o pepaac ee ece coe p, ae, eo, eo cp.

paeca eoc pao. Papaoa oe peapae eo oye cox po (oco), pax eoo, eoo 4yaoa. Papaoaa ayo-execa oyea a pooco 2 peao.

ya. o ee ccepa oyoao 3 ca ec 5 oao.

Cpyypa oe pao. ccepaoa paoa coco ee, oopa epayp, ocye peyao, cepeao ac, oo, cca epayp, oea a 112 cpaax aocoo eca coep 18 a, 1 pcyo, 92 opaece cc.

OCEHE PETATOB 1. ooecoe paceee opoo epx cpo Ha epo ae cceoa ye ocoe apae ooecoo pacee -aopoo. -Aopo oye ocyoo cp aoece cooecyx -aaoo c opoo ap pcyc ycyco co c co xoa.

+ + + + RCH2OH NaOBr CH3COOH RCH2OBr CH3COONa H2O 1-R= CH2(1, xo 92 %), C3H7 (2, 93 %), C5H11 (3, 93 %), C6H13 (4, 95 %), C7H15 (5, 93 %), C9H19 (6, 89 %), C11H23 (7, 84 %).

o ycaoeo, o p ooeco pacee -, y-, ec- eopoo (1-4) eoe p 20-25OC, ececeo ocee epo aocepe (apo) opayc coe p: aea (8), yypa (9), ececaoa (10) eeaoa (11), cooeceo (a. 1). p o eec poc oopo opayec cooecy cp. p pacee opoo (3,4) oapyeo ae opaoae 1-poecaa (12) 1-poeaa (13) cooeceo, c xoa 6-8%, cooecyx aeo eaex oecax.

Xapaep opayxc poyo cooyoc c epayp a o pepae -aoxopo ooe peoo ceyy cxey poea pea:

..

+ RCH2O Br RCH2OBr 1-1a-4a - HBr.

+ 1a-4a (Br ) O.

RCH2OBr RCHOBr RC.

(HBr) - Br - RCH2OH H 1-1c-4c 1b-4b.

O O + + 1a-4a (Br ) O RCH2OH RCH2OBr RC RC 1c-4c RC.

(HBr) HBr RCH2OH RCH2O OCH2R Br 1d-4d 1e-4e 8-HBr + RCH2O RCH2OH + Br 1a-4a, 1b-4b, 1d-4d, Br poy opa e pea R= CH3 (1,8), -C3H7(2,9), -C5H11 (3,10), -C6H13 (4,11).

p pacee cxox aopoo (1-4) opayc aoce paa (1a-4a) ao poa. Baoecy c cxo opoa o opa ao oopoa aoee aoo -ooe, o po opaoa -poocax paao (1b-4b), cpo pocoo oopoa. Paa (1b-4b) oooeypo pacec a ao poa ae (1c-4c), oope, aoecy c paaa (1a-4a, Br) a ae paa (1d-4d), pepaaec pea c opoa poap (1e-4e). Pea ocex co cpa po co pa (8-11). He ceo opaoae aeo (1c-4c) p cpoopopoa epo paao ap ee pacope.

Ta opao, poeae paao-eoe ypoaoe paceee -aopoo coe p, cp poc oopo.

Bepoo, ac aocx paao, opayxc p pacee opoo, aoecye c oa xoe pea poc oopoo, peyae eo opayec cp eeppyc ao poa.

Taa Bxo cox po, opayxc p ooeco pacee opoo epx cpo, eepaypa 20-25OC, pacope eo Aopo () Co p () Bxo, % CH3CH2OBr (1) CH3COOCH2CH3 (8) C3H7CH2OBr (2) C3H7COOCH2C3H7 (9) C5H11CH2OBr (3) C5H11COOCH2C5H11 (10) C6H13CH2OBr (4) C6H13COOCH2C6H13 (11) Cee xoo oex poyo pea c poco yeoopoo e -aopoo oeo cao c yeee ca ax CH ce, o po pocy o oox pea , cooeceo, ce xoa eex poyo.

Opaoae ec- epoo (12-13), epoo, pocxo peyae opx pepae, aaaxc xoe pea cpo pocoo oopoa. Ocyce poaao cpe poyo pea ooecoo pacee opoo (1,2), o-oy, cao c oe aoc ooo yooo cpo, a ae ycycoo acoo aeo o cpae c eco eo cpa cooecy aea, ooo x pacxooa a cax epea e opaoa cox po (8,9).

B oe o opoo (1-4) ex e ycox p ooeco pacee cx -aopoo: o-, e- oeopoo (5-7) apy co co pa: ooaoao (14), eeoao (15) oeoeoao (16) aex oecax opayc cooecye ae (17-19), a ae cp (20-22) (a.2). B peaoo cec oapye cooecye poaa (23-25) c xoa 4-6 %.

Taa Coca peaoo cec ooecoo pacee opoo cx cpo, eepaypa 20-25OC, pacope eo Aopo () poy () Coepae,% C7H15CH2OH (20) C7H12CHO (17) C7H15CH2OBr (5) C7H12COOCH2C7H15 (14) C9H19CH2OH (21) C9H19CH2OBr (6) C9H19CHO (18) C9H19COOCH2C9H19 (15) C11H23CH2OH (22) C11H23CH2OBr (7) C11H23CHO (19) C11H23COOCH2C11H23 (16) oyee peya yaa a o, o paceee opoo cx cpo (5-7) aeo cee poeae o cxee, xapaepo pocex -aopoo (1-4), oao pa peaoo cocooc poeyox coee aeo e coca xo oex poyo pea.

oee xo cox po (14-16) p pepaex oeoex -aopoo (5-7) o cpae c poce -aopoa (1-4), epoo, ca c poco o oox pea c ee peaoo cocooc opayxc xoe pea oeoex cpo aeo.

poy pea e epeoo p eoxooc oa eoo oco oooo xpoaopa. oyee coee epoa eoo xpoao-acc-cepoep cepoco MP H1 C13.

Ta opao, -aopo c eoocy peaea oy cooa peapax ex cea cox po, acoc oye cx cox po (oco).

2. Baoece aopoo c aea eco, o aoece aeo c -aoxopa po cooecy co pa c co xoa. Pea aopoo c aea e ye. ocoy ypoaoe ooecoe paceee -aopoo peoaae opaoae a poeyox cax aeo (.1), o cceoao aoece -aopoo c aea.

caoeo, o yopo (2) epo aocepe (apo) p 20-25C, ececeo ocee oo coooe peaeo 1:1 eo aoecye c aepao (26), eo (27), -xop- -eoceo (28-29) aea c opaoae cooecyx yaao (30-33) (a.3). p o o cex oax oopeeo opayc yypa (9), yo cp (34) eec poc oopo.

B aaox ycox ecopo (3) eo aoecye c ac (35), aepao (26), eo (27), -xop- -eoc eo (28-29) aea, c opaoae cooecyx ecaao (36-40) (a. 3). p o o cex oax oopeeo opayc ececaoa (10), eco cp (41) eec poc oopo.

Xapaep opayxc poyo ae o ooecoy pacee -aopoo (.1) oo peoo ceyy cxey poea pea:

.

.

RCH2OBr + RCH2O Br 2a,3a 2,O O O O + + RCH2OH RCH2O (Br ) RCH2OBr R'C R'C R'C R'C.

- HBr RCH2O - H(HBr) OCH2R RCH2O H Br 26a-29a,35a 30-33,36-26-29,+ O RCH2O (Br ).

RCH2OBr RCHOBr RC.

- Br RCH2OH (HBr) H 2,2b,3b O O O O + + RCH2OH RCH2O (Br ) RCH2OBr RC RC RC RC.

HBr RCH2O - OCH2R (HBr) RCH2OH H Br 2c,3c 9,.

.

+ RCH2OH Br RCH2O HBr + 34,2a-c,3a-c, 26-29a, 35a, Br poy opa e pea R = C3H7 (2,9,30-34), C5H11 (3,10,36-41); R = C3H7 (35), C4H9 (26), C6H5 (27), -ClC6H4 (28), -CH3OC6H4 (29).

Baoece aeo (26-29,35) c aoc paaa aoa poa, oa peyae pacee cxox -aopoo (2,3), po opaoa ax paao. ocee pea c aopoa (2,3) opay poap, pea oopx co cpa (34,41), c poo cxox opoo, po opaoa cox po (30-33,36-40).

oyee peya o aoec -aopoo c aea oceo oepa poeae ypoaoo ooecoo pacee -aopoo epe ca opaoa cooecyx aeo.

Bepoo o, a peax aeo c aoxopa, pye cae poecca ec op aoa oopoa aoc paaa aoa poa o aeee poo yepo-oopoo c apoo py aea.

Oao oe o -aoxopo, opaoae cox po ex e ycox poeae c aeo ee oepce aeo. ooy, o cao c e, o apy c aoece c aea (2629,35) ao poeae ooa pea ypoaoo pacee aopoo (2,3) c opaoae cox po (9,10).

Pages:     || 2 | 3 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .