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% o o o o p p p p opcoc, AB AB Hoep opaa ee ee poaeoc t = C c oac oat = C t = C t = C o oyxy, Pacop AB, ae a oece oe eepaypa, cococy yee apoo ece e opcx cpe. Ta, cpee . apoax ecax opao coca cooeceo 2, 1,2%.

Ha opo ae cceoaoc apo-paaooe aeee e oo, a a a ox cax papao poy ca peo ooec, xo aac e ocac ocaoo co. B x ycox, a oea po A.., ye pocxo epeoppoae ae e, o ce a ce paoc ooce e o. oe ecoc epeoppoa poox oax cceoaoc apopaaooe aeee aoao-o e.

cpae ., oye oax, oepyx poecc co apo po apo-paaoo cepea, op opoepecx ecx apaepo opao ocyecc a opao, o o ey coo, opcoc oyxopoaeoc opao pee a. 4, p o cooac e e e ec ae.

coa poecca apo-paaoo cepea ooe pop, ooe oepoa pae ae, oycoe pae ooce e eceo aea, oope peca coo cey oy, ya oeac cceye opae opo. pepo pe o ocoeac cea pya, a oe oopo paeaac paypoaa oya aepa oea eceo e. oooee eeacee opa opo aaac pop, ya ae oaaac oe acoo o. Bcoa coa o pope paac 2,7 . O cac aepe o cee ooo eca co pepae ocye e oyy.

poee e cep cepeo: e coa opcx cpeax ocaoo ooaceoc c coepae ocaoo ooaceoc, o ooo oe e cao o a apo-paaoy cepea e ace.

Peya cceoa pecae a. 4, oopo o, o poecc aee e oo opcx cpeax a ce paaooapo cepea pocxo ac o pax aopo. Becee e apoax oeopax eee ao, e ecax. eee poaeoc opao ae cee oea eceo e ocoeo apoax opcx cpe.

Taa Peya apo-paaooo ece e opcx cpe p pax ycox oe oe ece, % e c. 1654 e c. C oepoae ocaoo ooaceoc apoa -15 17,10 0,523 --- --- --- 9,9 12,4 16,9 21,-16 12,50 0,386 --- --- --- 7,4 9,4 13,4 15,-17 28,80 0,461 14,0 17,6 20,2 10,1 13,1 15,9 24,-18 27,81 0,298 10,2 12,9 15,4 7,2 9,9 12,2 15,eca -13 28,60 0,580 --- --- --- 10,5 14,5 18,8 24,-14 19,60 0,344 --- --- --- 9,4 10,4 15,5 20,-15 29,23 0,461 15,1 18,5 20,8 12,6 15,4 17,5 30,-16 28,46 0,298 11,4 14,5 16,8 9,2 10,3 13,5 20,e oepoa ocaoo ooaceoc apoa -15 17,10 0,523 3,7 4,8 7,4 3,0 3,9 6,2 ---16 12,50 0,386 2,9 3,6 6,0 1,9 2,8 4,1 ---17 28,80 0,461 6,1 8,4 12,8 --- --- --- ---18 27,81 0,298 4,8 7,2 9,7 --- --- --- --eca -13 28,60 0,580 4,3 7,1 8,6 3,8 5,9 8,1 ---14 19,60 0,344 3,8 5,3 8,1 3,0 4,3 6,7 ---15 29,23 0,461 6,8 10,5 14,4 --- --- --- ---16 28,46 0,298 5,3 8,2 11,6 --- --- --- --o o o o p AB AB oyxy, opcoc, % Hoep opaa poaeoc o p t = C p t = C p t = C p t = C pooecp oae p oae a peyx cceoax, a oe aee e oo coca coca ee. oee ee eooce e, e c o aoa oc xye oac ca. Ta, ec . apoax opao -17 -18 p ace e c. 1654 (co cao oo) coca 14 10,2% (t=25oC), o e c. 4772 10,1 7,2%. p o . opcx apoax cpe e, e ecax.

oee eepayp oe, p pox pax ycox, po yee .. p o apoae opo ooceo ye peapy a oee eepayp o cpae c eca opaa. Ta, ec e c. 1654 ooceoe yeee . apoax cyccex opao -17 -18 p yee eepayp pepo 2 paa cocao 44,6 51%, o ecax opao -15 -16 c oo e xapaepca cooeceo 38,4 48,2%.

Be eepaypoo aopa a . cceoax opao ye caaec p ace opcx cpe aoao- coooeyp e. Aa ax oaae, o ooce . e c. 4772 cyccex apoax opo p yco oepoa x ocaoo ooaceoc 1,3 paa e o cpae c . p ace x e c. 1654.

Meee poaee opo ye peapy a poc eepayp o cpae c oee coopoae.

Cpaee peyao cceoa c oepoae e ocaoo ooaceoc oaao, o . e oepoa ocaoo ooaceoc cpaeo e, e c oepoae cao o, . e oepoa cao o opcx ecax cpeax e, e apoax opao, eepaypa oee cyeceo e a eo ycox ocyc cao o. Ta, ec p oe eepayp cpee .

apoax opao -15, -16 (e c. 4772) co cao oo yeac 1,8 paa, o ex e yco e cao o 2,2 paa.

Te e peya aac ecax opao opo.

ae oe cepe, oopx ec aea c oe pacop AB.

Ooee peyao cceoa ooe cea ceye ae: poecc aee e o pacopa peaea cyeceo opacae opcx cpeax, coepax cay oy. apoae opa opo, acee oee op o cocay e, e oee coe oocee . pacopa AB a c oepoae, a e oepoa ocaoo o. Ta, ec cpe . o e c. 1654 opao -17 -18 c ocaoo ooaceoc coca 26,7%, o e c. 4772 35,0%, a ecax opaax e oee opa e, e ee oocee oe eeee.

Ha o ae yeo e pooec a poecc apo-paaooo ece e c. 4772 opao. oo, oce ooo pepae ece e opao oe acoo o p apo-paaoo cepea (p t=25 oC), o o oepy epoecoy pooec eecyoo o 30 y eee yx ee p o e eepaype.

Peya cceoa oaa, o o ece ypyx oea coaaex paopa, ppoc . apoax opao acoc o poaeoc oeec o 8,2 o 14,4%, a ecax o 10,9 o 18,1%, .e. ppoc . cpee apoax opao o ece ypyx oea 4,1 paa oe o cpae c ece AB 1,8 paa o cpae c eepayp aopo. ecax opao ppoc coca 6,0 2,3 paa cooeceo.

Tae poee p cceoa, ex coe e oey oece ocaoo e a ce apo-paaoo cepea opcx cpe c pa epaoec cocao oce poaecoo ece.

Aa peyao cceoa oaa, o oecee ocaoo e a ce apo-paaoo cepea pocxo ecao oee ao, e apoao. oee eepayp pooece cococy aa oece ocaoo e, ay peya oyaec p pooec. p o ppoc oea ece cpee apoax ecax opao cooeceo 1,7 2 paa oe o cpae c oece eepaypo.

oe o paaooo paea ae a ooy aee e oo opcx cpeax cooca peya oeo ece opao, ex pepo oaoe xapaepc p co apo aee e oo, p apopaaoo (a. 3 4). a ceoao oa, . opaax, yacoax cepeax o paaoo-apo cepea, cyeceo e.

Ta, oax o co apo poe cpee . ee c. 1654 4772 apoax opaax coca cooeceo 6,9 3,6%, o e pe p paaoo-apo ece p ex e ycox o pa 12,1 8,2%, .e. 1,8 2,3 paa oe. To e caoe oo caa po ecae opa c o pae, o yaae apaep x ecoo e, e apoaax. oee ecoe peya ece p apo-paaoo cepea, eycoo, occ ae paea ae, oycoeoo pae ooce e oe acoo o.

OCHOBHE BBO 1. caoeo, o p pa aoax ee yeac aao paoax op cpe e payc opox aao opcx cpe. pe o yeee ac o cocaa e opo cocae, cpee, apoao p pa e c e poee aoa oc a paa, a e c o poee aoa oc 3,4 paa, a ecao 1,4 2,3 paa cooeceo.

2. Beo, o oee eepayp coepae AB e p pox pax ycox yeae aao payco op, yacyx pa, cooeceo a paa 1,5 paa. p o apoaax yeee ecoo ee co ac o cocaa e. o, co oepe, opaaec a oece ocaoo e opaax opcx cpe.

3. pcyce ocaoo o opoe yeae oee o op, oxaex poecco pa, o co oepe, yeae ocaoy eeaceoc apoaax ecaax 1,5 2,3 paa cooeceo.

4. Ha apoe ecee aoao-o e oo ooe e oaa coca e opo. Ta, p cooa e c o poee aoa oc cpe oe ece apoao a 4,5% e, e p ace e c e poee aoa oc, a ecaax a 3,5%.

5. oee eepayp c 25 o 45oC po eca poecca apoo aee aoao-o e oo. eee cpeeo oea ece apoao ecao coca 5 3,1% cooeceo. oaee AB ae cococye eo pocy, o ee cee (a 2,1 1,2 %).

6. Becee aoao-o e a ce apo-paaox poecco apoaax eee ao, e ecaax. eee poaeoc opao ae cee oea eceo e, ocoeo opcx apoax cpe. oee ee eooce e, e c o poe aoa oc xye oac ece, a pcyc ocaoo o poecc oee ae.

7. Aa poecca apo-paaooo aee aoao-o e oo oo oc ye oe eepayp, oae AB pooec. Peya cepeo oaa, o ao ppoc oea ece oyaec o ece pa, cocae cpee apoao 4,1 paa oe o cpae c oaee AB 1,8 paa o cpae c oee eepayp, a ecao 6 2,3 paa cooeceo.

8. oecee ocaoo e a ce apo-paaoo cepea pocxo ecaax oee ao, e apoaax. oee eepayp pooece cococy oece ocaoo e.

p o ppoc oea ece cpee apoax ecax opao cooeceo 1,7 2 paa oe o cpae c oece eepayp.

o ee ccepa oyoa ceye pao:

1. a. 2166747 Pocc, RU 2166747 C1 cpoco opeee pacpeee op o paepa / .A. aapo, O.. eoc, .X. Caex. aeo 13.04.2000. Oyoao 10.05.2001. . 13.

2. Caex .X., aapo .A. O cpyyp opooo pocpaca epaoecoo cocaa opo a ocaoy eeaceoc// Haya exoo yeoopox cepcx cce.: Tpy 2o Meyapooo coya. T. 1. a: Pea, 2000. C. 215 216.

3. aapo .A., Caex .X. Be cocaa e a opo a apoe ae o opce cpe// poe e aa.: Te. o.

III opecca eeaopoeo Pocc. a: Pea, 2001. C.130 131.

4. aapo .A., Caex .X. cceoae paaoo-apo cepea pax ax opcx cpe// poe e aa.: Te. o.

III opecca eeaopoeo Pocc. a: Pea, 2001. C.131 132.

5. aapo .A., eoc O.., Caex .X. pop ye pacpeee op o paepa// poe e aa.: Te. o. III opecca eeaopoeo Pocc. a: Pea, 2001. C.133.

6. aapo .A., Caex .X. cceoae eoopx popoecco p aee e oo opcx cpeax// Ayae poe ooypaco eeaooco po.: Te. o. VI eyoco ayoeoeco oepe. a: HT, 2001. C.17 18.

7. Caex .X. Coca e eo e a cpyypy opooo pocpaca// poe eoo ocoe ep.: Tpy 5o Meyapooo ayoo coya e aaea M.A. coa cyeo, acpao oox yex, oceoo 100-e opo-eooecoo opaoa Cp. Toc: T, 2001. C. 383 384.

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