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B aece pepa: apoaoo opaa -1 (pc.1), xapaepc oopoo pee a. 1, paoa aao acox payco op p ace opaa eop epoco pae 4,124,4 3,322, aca, e c. 1654 ee payc coca 1,98,, a e c. 4772 1,32,3 . p o eoxoo ae, o ec aoee pacpocpae cpe payco op (Rcp) o epocy, a o oopoo pxoc oa ac paoaeo opooo pocpaca opaa, ec Rop=8,1 , o e c. 1654 Rop=4,17 , a e c. 4772 Rop=1,7 , . e. cpe payc op opaa p pa e c. 1654 yeaec 1,7 paa, a e c. 4772 4,8 paa o cpae c epoco p eepaype 25oC, ceoaeo, a o pc.1, yco ace opaa pa e pe acoce 0,V 0,, Opae -R 0, 0, 0,0,0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 R.10-6, Pc.1. pe pacpeee op o paepa p ace opaa opo pa yeoopo oc:

epoc; e c. 1654; e c. 4772; aco Taa acoc eoo cpeeo payca op cpyype opo o a opo, poaeoc cocaa e Cpee payc op (Rcp), Ooce oe op, pxoxc a o Rcp, % epoc e e e c. e c.

c. c. 1654 1654 apoa -1 15,8 0,626 8,101 4,170 1,730 35,3 30,-2 15,8 0,285 6,101 3,389 1,538 31,0 24,-3 13,5 0,183 4,881 2,711 1,538 30,0 22,-4 34,2 0,097 4,067 1,936 1,258 15,8 13,-5 30,2 0,048 4,067 2,259 - 30,3 -6 27,8 0,214 8,135 3,089 1,977 33,3 24,-7 26,7 0,115 6,101 2,711 1,730 24,8 22,eca -1 21,8 0,269 8,233 6,062 3,235 38,1 30,-2 18,4 0,145 8,233 4,849 2,876 31,7 22,-3 15,3 0,048 6,175 4,849 - 30,0 -4 25,6 0,216 8,233 6,062 4,313 34,2 27,-5 22,6 0,118 6,175 4,849 3,235 25,0 27, Hoep opaa aeoc, epocopoopcoc, % ceac eo, paoae oee y aao paepo op o cpae c eop yeoopo oc epoco aco. ooe e acoc oye pyx opao (a. 1). B eo cex apoao cpe payc op opaa p pa e c. 1654 yeaec 2 paa, a e c. 4772 3,4. B o pe a ecao o cocae 1,4 2,3 cooeceo.

oee eepayp oaee AB e ocoo yea aao yacyx pa payco op. pax opao opo c pa ae opoepecx xapaepc cocao e o yeee pao cocae cpee a paa p oe eepayp o 25 o 45oC 1,5 paa p oaee AB A9-12. p o a apoax opaax o yeee ecoo ee e ecaax co ac o cocaa e. O e poecc pa oeo oeca op ceecye ceee pao px pacpeee op o x paepa (pc.2).

0,V, 0,R Opae - 0, 0,0,0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 R.10-6, Pc.2. pe pacpeee op o paepa p ace opaa opo e c. 1654 p pax eepaypax coepa AB e:

e c. 1654 (t=25 C); e c. 1654 (t=45 C); e c. 1654+AB (t=25 C) Bea cpeeo payca op, aao paoax op opeec e oo cocao e, eepaypo, o opcoc poaeoc opo. o oepaec a, pee a.1. Bo, o cpe payc op oe ycooo pocpaca, pxoeoc a eo o, yeac co cee poaeoc opaa opo. Ta, ec apoaoo opaa -1 c acoo poaeoc 0,626 2 p ace eo e c. 1654 Rcp=4,17 , a oe op, pxoxc a eo o, coca 35,3% o oea op opaa (Vop), o epa -4 c poaeoc 0,097 2 p ex e cax ycox Rcp=1,94 , Vop=15,8%,.e. ee cooeceo a 18 45%.

Paccopee aooepoc oeac ae p ace ox ex e opao pa e. ax ee, ee c oee ec poe aoa oc ee cpee payc op opao oe yco, pxoec a x o, e ee ae, e ee c eee po paeo aoc eooc xapaepo pa.

Pa epaoecoo xecoo cocaa opo ae a ee cpyype opooo pocpaca eeacex opo. B acoc, apoax oeopax ee cpee payc, epa paoax op ee, e ecax opaax.

ee paox cpyypax op eecoepax opo copooac yyee o yxyee eceoc e. Aapy ocaoy eeaceoc opaax opo, eoxoo oe, o oa ac o eepayp, cocaa e, coepa ceecx AB e.

Ta, ec apoaoo opaa -1 p eepaype cepea 25oC (pc.3) ocaoa eeaceoc cocaa e c. 1654 26,5%, o p eepaype 45oC coepa AB o oaae pae cooeceo 17,7 23,6%, .e. eceoc e yyac a 8,8 2,9%.

He c oee po pae eooc xapaepo pa, c o coepae coooeypx ooeo (acaeo, apao), p pox pax ycox, ee xye oaae ece. Ha pepe oo e caoo opaa -1 oe ocaoo eeaceoc e c. 1654 p eepaype 25oC coca 26,5%, o pe a e c oe aoae oc 38,3% (a 12% e). To e caoe oeaec cex ocax opao. p o eepaypa ae oaae oee e a ecee e, e ece ceecx AB.

eee ocaoo eeaceoc c yeee eepayp, a a , ocec ocaee eoeypx papyee eapeax aoec acaeo a pao-cax c ooo opo cox, a oee cpyyppoax ee.

0,0,Opae -0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Soc., % Pc.3. pe apoo ae p ace opaa opo e c. 1654 p pax eepaypax coepa AB e:

e c. 1654 (t=25 C); e c. 1654 (t=45 C);

e c. 1654+AB (t=25 C) Paccapaee aooepoc, a oaaoc, axoc eco acoc o a (cocaa) cceyex opo. Ta, apoax opo cpee ae ocaoo eeaceoc e, e ecax opao (a.2), o ocec oee po acopo aoec ax ooeo e co cea opox aao c opaoae yoex pax coe, a epe x e ypoex oex cpyyp e. O o ceecy oee coe aae oee ae epeao ae, oeceax pa ee (a. 2).

k P, Ma Ta a epaccopee o oepoa pooe yac aca, a ececex ycox oeopa e aa coepa cay (ocaoy) oy, poee cepe, o ce c oepoae ocaoo o. Cay oy opcx cpeax coaa eoo apo . B aece o cooa oe acox o. Coepae cao o opcx cpeax appoao oece 8,212,5% o oea op.

Taa Cpee ae ocaoo eeaceoc acoc o pax aopo Cpee ae oca- Cpee ae epeao oo eeaceo- ae pa, ec- c, % Ma y epoc e e epoc e c. e c.

aop c. c. 1654 1654 a. o. a. o. a. o.

apoa 25oC 25,6 36,1 46,9 0,003 0,014 0,006 0,017 0,013 0,45oC --- 26,6 38,6 --- --- 0,003 0,014 0,010 0,AB --- 29,4 41,6 --- --- 0,004 0,014 0,012 0,eca 25oC 21,8 30,9 40,1 0,002 0,012 0,004 0,015 0,010 0,45oC --- 23,8 34,9 --- --- 0,002 0,014 0,008 0,AB --- 26,9 37,8 --- --- 0,003 0,015 0,010 0,Aa peyao oaa, o coepae cao o paec e eo aao oeex poecc pa paepo op. Ho o cex cyax oeaec yeee oeo o op, oxaex poecco ece. Haaeoe ee oe oceo xoo pa ac op a ce ooe x oee cox apx ae a pae oa-e, ee a-e (Rcp

eee oeo o op pa paccapaex yco cepea, p a cao o, cae oe ece e, yea e ca ocaoy eeaceoc apoax ecax opaax cooeceo 1,5 1,3 paa.

B pee ae oe peya cepeax cceoa o ye o-xecx coc ee cocaa opo a ooy apoo apo-paaooo aee e oo.

ec cceoa pooc a aa. Ha epo ae oac coepoa co apy poy.

yee apoo aee e oo poo a ececex cyccex apoax ecax opaax p ox ex e ycox, opcoc oyxopoaeoc apoax ecax opao pecae a. 3. Oopeeo ooe cyccee opa oopa oapo apoae ecae c pepo oao xapaepca.

epe cooae cepeax opa ooaac o eoe, ocao o opo ae. pe poecca apoo aee e oo pea aco yco epe acee opao e x oepoaac caa (ocaoa) oa eoo apo . Coepae ocaoo o paccapaex opaax oeaoc peeax o 6,1 o 12,9%. oepoa ocaoo ooaceoc apoo aee e oo cooaac oe acoo o c ooc =1143 /3. apoe aeee yeoopoo oc oo ocyecoc c cooae ee c. 1654 4772.

Hacee e opa opo (apoae ecae) yaac cea cocy (caop) epao, o ooy, o pa, a yco ey aoc apoa ( apoao) ape ( ecax) eco yo pa, poaeoc acoo eca a opo peaa cay oy poaeoc opaa opo. Haco eco, c oo copo, oecea cooc (epepcoc) opco cpe, o ooo coepoa eecoepay opoy c oeo eoopooc, c pyo copo ocaoo coa poaeoc acoo eca ae opao c ee poaeoc coaa cooocpoey opoy c apa pea, oo oy aee e.

oce ycao ce o cce caop ac oaaac oe acoo o, oopa o pea ocaac opaa opo. ce paoc ooce e o a poecc aee e oo apax ypoe o e pea e op opao oee, e a 1-3 . ae caop apac oo po, oyx aeac ao (aoo) ce cce o oaa c oyxo.

caop oeac e epoa, oopo oepoaac acoa eepaypa. cpoaoc pe aaa cepea. o cee aaoo pee opa eac caopa oeac pop aca oe epeoc oea o, oopa oceye paac a oe eceo e. oe a oo aee e oo o pepac epe 3, 7, 20, 30, 60 cyo.

Opeeee apoo a o eeacee opce cpe oea o oey ece (oey apoo aee), oop cc ooee apo eceo e oey op opaa.

Peya poeex cceoa pecae a. 3, aa oopo oaae, o aeoe e a apoe ae oaae coca e. Bcoooeype e, e c o poee aoao-x coc xye ecc o ece apx c caecx ycox. Ta, cpee oe aee e oo ececex apoax opao p cooa e c. 4772 a 4,5% e, e p ace x e c. 1654, ecax opoax a 3,5%. p o, a o, apoaax a paa ecoo oe, e ecaax.

Aa a. 3 oaae, o oe apoo ece e oo ecaax e. Ocoeo o xopoo pocapaec cyccex opao, oaax pepo opoepec xapaepca. Ta, ec oe ece (.) e c. oo apoax opao -12, -13, -14 coca cooeceo 9,3, 8,0, 5,8%, o ecax opao -10, -11, -12 cooeceo 13,6, 10,7, 8,1%. Ta e ee aaec ececex apoax ecax opao. p o coocaee cpex . oex opao ooe cea o o x yee co cee poaeoc.

Taa Peya apo po eeacex opao oo oe oe ece, % e c.1654 e c.apoa -8 15,76 1,330 13,2 16,4 22,1 8,0 12,5 17,-9 15,71 1,082 10,5 12,6 14,7 7,1 9,3 12,-10 11,76 0,440 6,8 8,7 12,4 3,3 5,8 9,-11 13,42 0,156 4,9 6,8 8,8 2,6 4,0 5,-12 29,71 0,754 9,3 11,9 15,7 6,0 8,2 13,-13 28,80 0,461 8,0 10,2 13,0 4,3 6,1 8,-14 27,81 0,289 5,8 7,4 9,5 3,1 4,5 7,eca -6 27,70 1,309 20,3 23,0 26,6 12,2 16,2 21,-7 26,20 0,799 12,6 14,2 17,3 8,5 11,0 16,-8 22,75 0,497 9,0 11,3 13,0 4,4 6,8 10,-9 21,29 0,226 6,5 8,2 10,2 3,1 5,3 8,-10 30,51 0,754 13,6 14,0 16,9 9,2 11,8 15,-11 29,23 0,461 10,7 12,9 13,0 6,3 8,6 11,-12 28,46 0,289 8,1 9,0 10,8 5,0 7,7 9,eee eepayp oa po eca poecca apoo aee e oo (a. 3). Ta, cyccex apoax ecax opao cpeee oee oea apoo ece e c. 1654 p ee eepayp c 25 o 45oC cocao 5 3,1%. Aaoe ee oeac ececex apoax ecax opaax. p o apoaax peapoae a eee eepayp oee yceoe, e ecaax. eee poaeoc ae ecoo yee peapoae a oece eepaypo apoax opo.

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