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Paccapaee poopa oo opopoa ep ce ooe op paepo oepex cee pecx eae: oaoc, opay, yoaoc pooo e, ceee poo, ooee epepa (cpeeo aepa). ae ycpoca a oooc ae ae poo peee acoee pe a pooce cpeca epe opo, a e, pye, ypoep, ao, p o aeo oc ooc aepo opo.

epe pacpeee cee poo o epepy oeoo cooo coee a ocoe poopao coa eaaoep, ooe oepao poopopoa ceee poo o cey cee.

Ha ae poopao coaa opoo-epea ccea (C), ooa aoapoa poecc epe opao peyao aepo. Tooc epe C cocae 0,5 . C, oea coe exaa copox ycpoc, ooe aoapoa poecc cop aox eae opyco aapao o oaoy apay.

B o ae ae oea papaoa cocoo oe ooc ooe opeaoax pax cae pao o ce.

C yeo pa epecx ycao pax cae cao c eepayp oa ao a papaoaa ocpy yacoa (pc.

13), ooa peypoa apye paep eo opoopaye oepxoc [74]. opyc yacoa coep ycaoee ey coo oacao c aopo ype 1 e 2 yooopae ac, ey oop ycaoe cpae ee 3, opay aa py xaaea. ecoc ocpy oeceaec paa pepa ecoc 4, oope coee c yo 5 ypee yooopao ac 1 yacoa. Hepaoe op yooopax ace 2 pape oy 6, opayey ece co cpae eeo 3 oce o aaa py xaaea, ooa ooa oopoo yaco cae oo 7 oo 8 apya. Cea yooopaa aaa 9 ppeea ee ac 2 opyca yacoa ep pacooe paoepo o epepy oa 6 ya pee 10. Ha ope opyca ae ec y cea 11 aa, ooe exapoa oepa cea aa a ce cooa opaoo xoa yacoa, ycaoeoo a oye popecca. epe o opeeeoo aepaa a opyc yacoa ycaaa cey aay eoxoo o ce.

peee yacoa ao ocpy OAO "Caaaeea" ooe aepo 1200, 1400, 1600 ooo oc ooc ao epaex cae.

Pc. 13. ocpy yacoa co ceo aao ope pax aepao a oaa eoe pace peya poex cceoa, eepaypa oa ao ac o o ce ayeoo a. p oaoo eepaype apea epe o, aoo c oe oo ce e oee coy eepaypy oa ao (c. pc. 3). ooy e oe oa aoo, e oe oe aep yacoa. oceey peoa yoeope yaco c oopooo ac, cocoe yx yaco (pc. 14), po oopx ocac acoc Di = D + 2hitg p hi h, Di = D@(a - bhic) p hi > h, e Di - ey aep oopooo ac yacoa;

D aep oopooo ac;

D - aep epexoa oecoo yaca oopooo ac poe;

a, b, c - ocoe, ace o eoecx coc ayeoo aepaa;

hi - eya coa oopooo ac yacoa;

h - coa oecoo yaca, paa ao coe oopo aoo aepa.

opoopaya oepxoc yacoa coco yooopao 1 oopooo 2 ace (c. pc. 14). oce, co oepe, ae oec 3 poe 4 yac [75].

Bepee yacoo c coca poe oopooo ac pooco ooo oc ooc ooe opeaoax aooo pao o c pyoeoc pooooeox pao p cope aapayp.

C e oe ooc ooe c oopoa opoa a papaoaa epea ocpy opoaoo aa, ooa a o xo oya pecca o e oepa y a oopoy epaoo oepc [77]. peee aa ooe oc ooc oopo, pooeoc pya c eaoeoc aoo ocac.

Di Dk Pc. 14. po opoopaye oepxoc yacoa ope cooox pao o ce C e oe aeca pooca oecx oeae papaoa epe o coco ooe oeae oeco op, a oop oye ae P a opeee 2179488 [79]. Papaoa coco ooe oaa oece oea oeo ooc c yo p epe oyca ce 20 ye pyoeoc copoo-capox pao a 10-15%.

B o ae ae oea papaoa exoo cop opyco aapao c yeo peax op paepo cee aox eae.

Copa cyex eae ocyecec a ce oa aoo pacooe oepex cee eae c e a opayeoc cee poo -a a ooe op cee. oooc ocyece aoo a cop a papaoaa ocpy copooo cea.

Ocoy cea cop pecx opyco aapao cocae poo ce, coco yx ace. epa ac pecae coo oo poo ce, ooeo oopyoa poo oeepo. Bopa ac cea cop pecx opyco aapao oea e oeo aop, oopyoao y apa poooop. Oa cyex eae pacoaaec a ocoo ac poooo cea, opa ea a oeo aope. Copo ce oopyoa opoo-epeo cceo, ooe oy eoepece xapaepc cee cyex eae. oex aepex eae oep o aaoy aopy opeee aoee oa apa paee oepex cee cyex oeae. aee o oaa oepa oea aopa epeeae epao apae oopaae a y yo paeey a e oeay. a ce opoaoo poooo epeee aop oeceaec eoxo capo aop. oce oo ocyecec pxaa cyex oeae.

Papaoa exooec poecc cop oooox ocpy a ocoe oa co aox eae c yeo x peax op paepo ooe c pyoeoc cop a 2030%.

Oe o 1. Ha ae poeeoo oeca paceo-eopeecx cepeax cceoa copypoa ocoe p papaoaa eooo oecee aeca oooox ocpy eeepepaaax pooc. peoee p eooo oo ya e aooepoce ee exooecx apaepo ooe cop aox eae a cyaaoe oaae aapao eeepepao.

2. caoe aooepoc pacpeee eepaypx oe cce "aooa-ocaca" acoc o pooeoc oepa epecx o ao, ocpyo-eoepecx eoecx xapaepc aoo ocac aoo, ooe oocoa coe ocpyo-eoepece apaep poecca ope oeo ooc.

3. ce oepoae oe ape ecx cocyo, apyex ype aee, oye pacpeee ape, yae ocpye ocoeoc (ooee aoo oepxoc, ococeoc, coooee oye ypyoc o ocooo apyeo coe, yoee ce), oope oo oe pooc acoc o x peao op aepaoo coe. ye ocoeoc apeo-eoppoaoo coco o cope "oeaa-ecoe e" p coeco ooe op e cee poo oycoc oopoao ac. oyee pacpeee ape opycax aapao, ex ooe op oe ca "oeaa-ecoe e", oo oe pecypc oooox ocpy eeepepaaax pooc.

4. peoe aaece acoc oe opaox oeo, xox coca oeo oea eoc ocpy oyxopyax aapao, ex ooe op oepeoo cee oyxa e oaoc, yoaoc cee poo pooo e. peoee acoc oo oece opo cyaaox apaepo oyxopyax eooex aapao a cooece poeoy ae o eoo eoc c yeo peax op paepo oepex cee oyxo aapao.

5. Papaoa coco opo eo oe eoepecx apaepo oepex cee aox eae o ypee apyo oepxoc a ocoe poo opao cpeo-aaoox peyao epe, ooe a ce epao oe a ece ep cee, epeca epee payc c yeo aeoo epa cee ea, opee ooe po oepeoo cee o pyoc o cey epepy ea. paeco peaa ooo cocoa opo papaoaa epea pooco opoo-epea ccea opo op paepo aox eae oooox ocpy, ooa oepao oo oee oya opa o eoepecx xapaepcax oepex cee eae, oopa ae oooc o x ay coy o oaoy apay.

6. Peya cceoa oppoa ooe aepo opeaoax ecx pax cae pao o ce oo papaoa exooece coco oecee ooc peypoae paepo opoopaye oepxoc yacoa oee eo oopooo ac c coca poe. peee papaoao aoo ocac ooo c oy eaoeoc ocac a ce copae cex eae a 50-60%. Ha ocoe aaa exaa eoppoa coo aoo p ee cepa oyc papaoa apopoa coco ooe oecx oeae cox ceopx aooo, oo oya oea oeo ooc c yo p epe oyca oee 20 ye pyoeoc copoo-capox pao a 10-15%.

7. Papaoa exooec poecc cop oooox ocpy a ocoe oe co aox eae o oaoy apay c yeo peax op paepo aox eeo, oo c pyoeoc cop a 2030%.

Ocoe peya ccepa oyoa ceyx paoax:

1. ae A.B., Aee P.., ay P.C., oeco B.T., Pao P.. aoa ocaca ope ox aepo // opao co aHT 86-51. - a, 1986. 4 c.

2. ae A.B., Aee P.., ay P.C., Pao P.., Oc .B.

Texooec poecc ooe c peypoae epecx o ao // opao co aHT 508-86. - a, 1986. 4 c.

3. ae A.B., Aee P.., Apcaoa .., Pao P.., ao .P.

oee pooc ooeoc capx coee eexaapayp oppoae ooc ooe // oee eoc aeoc a aapao ocoo x: Maepa Bceco.

coe. - Cy, 1986. C.70-71.

4. ae A.B., Aee P.., Pao P.. aocapa ocaca ooe // oo aepax, epeecx pyox pecypco capoo pooce: Maepa Bceco. ay.-ex. o. - ec, 1986. - C. 60-63.

5. ae A.B., Aee P.., Pao P.. yaco ope oeo ooc // opao co aHT 317-87. - a, 1987. 4 c.

6. Aee P.., Pao P.. peee cceoo aaa p aeaeco oepoa epecoo a poecca ope eexaapayp // Haeoc oopyoa, pooc aoapoax cce xecx opacx poeoc: Maepa Bceco. ay.-ex. o. - a, 1987. - C. 109-111.

7. Aee P.., Pao P.., apae P.. Aa pyoeoc pooo-oeox pao oex co eexaapayp // Haeoc oopyoa, pooc aoapoax cce xecx opacx poeoc: Maepa 1 Bceco. ay.-ex. o. - a, 1987. - C. 162-163.

8. Apcaoa .., Pao P.. Texooecoe oeceee paoococooc oeae eexeco aapayp // Haeoc oopyoa, pooc aoapoax cce xecx opacx poeoc: Maepa 1 Bceco. ay.-ex. o. - a, 1987. - C. 123.

9. po A.A., ypc C.E., Pao P.., Xapy P.X. Be exooecx poecco pooca a cyaaoy aeoc oopyoa yxcox cae // Haeoc oopyoa, pooc aoapoax cce xecx opacx poeoc: Maepa 1 Bceco. ay.-ex. o. - M.: HTxeea, 1987. - C. 85.

10. Aee P.., Pao P.., eex A.., Oc .B. popecca exoo ooe cooox opeaoax // cpecc-opa. Cep/ XM-9. - M.: HTxeea, 1987. - 8. - C. 12.

11. ae A.B., Aee P.., Pao P.., Aaaceo E.A. Texooecoe oeceee ooc opeaoax eexaapayp // cpecc-opa. Cep. XM-9. - M.: HTxeea, 1987. - 8. - C. 4-6.

12. Aee P.., Pao P.., apae P.. Oeceee ooc pax cae cao peee yepcao aoo ocac // oee aeca aox eae a aapao eoa acecoo eoppoa: Maepa ay.-ex. ceapa. - ypa, 1989. - C. 11-16.

13. Pao P.., Aee P.., ape A.B. epcaa aoa ocaca ope oeo ooc pax cae cao // epeoo pooce (ay) o, peoeye epe. - M.: HTxeea, 1991. - 3. - C. 19-21.

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