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B poecce cop oooox ocpy p ao coe aox eae, ex ooee op oepeoo cee e oaoc, oa epeee o epepy cooo coee cee poo. o paccopeo a apaa aoo pacooe cyex eae p coae epo x cee p ecoae.

ep cya oe e eco p coe eae c cooae epaopa, opo p apoa eae o apyo oepxoc, apep a poooopax. oox cyae oye acoc, ooe oe pacpeeee cee poo o epepy oex cox coee. cooae ax acoce ae oooc opee aoee oaoe paeee cee cyex aox eae c e a e cee poo.

B pee ae pee peya cceoa apeoo coco apyex ype aee ecx c oo eoa oex eeo, oop ooe yec peay opy cee a pae exaecx coc coe eaa cyae ooe a yxcoo ca. oaao, o coooe eop oooe a aeceo ep xapaep pacpeee ape o opayx ecx , o aee ae ooe acax ape -a eyea x ape, oax cece a oepeo ecoc ce a.

oye pacpeee ape ecx c ype apy ao aepo, cpae oopx ceye, o a c ype ao aepo e ee ae acax ape. C poco oea ococeoc ecx eec xapaep pacpeee ape o opaye. oyea acoc acax ape oce epexoo ac a o oea ococeoc.

Ha apeoe cocoe , ooex yxcox cae, oaae e pae ypyx coc coe. C poco ooe oye ypyoc ocooo apyeo coe Eoc / En acae ape oce opaca, a epexoo ac ya. acoc acax ape e o ooceo o apyeo co opeeec coooee oye ypyoc coe. p Eoc / En < 1 c poco ooceo o apyeo co sn /s acae ape oce epexoo ac a ya, p coooe Eoc / En > 1 - opaca.

aoae ece a xapaepyc ae y x yoe ce, oopoe oc ooceo paoep xapaep epao ac oao opacae epexoo ac. o peyaa aepo o ceo , oaoax OAO "Caaaeea", a oyea oe pacpeee o o opaye (pc.

5).

o paccopeo e aoo apaepa yoe ce a apeoe cocoe ecx . caoeo, o aoee e a acae ape e oaae cee oaoo yoe, p ae oopoo, pao oycaeo opace caapo OCT 26 291-94 ee 15%, acae epoae ape m yeac a 13,5% (pc. 6), aee ape o epeeco eop pooc e - a 16% p ae oea ococeoc = 0,01 (pc. 7).

a n s sl lS l Pc. 5. Cxea paoooc a o opaye:

s - oa ce a; so - oaa oa ce a;

c - yoee epao ac a; m - acaoe oaoe yoee; - yoee a poe a; l - paccoe o opaye, oepeoe o oca a; lm - paccoe o o acaoo oaoo yoe; ls - cyapa a y o opaye a; a - pa o oaoo yoe cea; an - o e cpaa Macuaoe oaoe ymoeue m, % Pc. 6. acoc acax peex epoax ape o cee oaoo yoe:

o - acae epoae ape e e yoe ce m Macuaoe oaoe ymoeue m, % Pc. 7. acoc acax peex aex ape o cee oaoo yoe:

o - acae aee ape e e yoe ce e oaoe yoee epexoo ac e a apeoe cocoe oo ao oe. oee epao ac oae acae ape oce e e a ypoe ape epexoo oe.

Be oaoo yoe a apeoe cocoe epexoo ac ac o aoo pacooe oe aoeo yoe acax ape. p yae o oaoo yoe o yaca acax ape copoy oca a ea ocex yeaec.

Peya cceoa apeoo coco ecx cocyo ae oo oe pooc oooox ocpy acoc o x peao op aepaoo coe.

O pacpocpaex ooe op oe cope oeaa-e c ceee poo oycoc oopoao ac a, oope oa poecce ooe aapao. Ceee poo ee exooecoe pocxoee. Eo oea ea pecae coo peya aoxc opeoce a ce ooe aooex, opoex copox oepa.

cceoa cee poo a paoococooc aapayp oce oocee pao oeecex apyex cceoaee, oopx oaao opaeoe e cee poo a apeoe cocoe oeoo capoo coee.

B o e pe epaypx coax eocaoo ax o apeo coco oeoo cooo coee "oeaa-e".

B eo aapaocpoe axo aoee pooe peee caape ece a. ooy pecae epec paccopee ooe op oe cope oeaa-ecoe e a apeoe cocoe paeo o cocyo ae.

cceoa yaaoo e cooa eo oex eeo (M), oop ooe yec ocoeoc eoep o cope.

Ceee poo p paece o ceo oea a xapaepyec eo o - c =, e Do - ype aep oea; D ype aep a.

Ha pc. 8 9 oaa pacpeee epoax ape o opaye aapaa eo ypee apyo oepxoce cyae cee poo c = 0; s/4; -s/4, e s oa ce a. oe ococeoc = s/D = 0,01. To pecx oeae p oao. Hape paccoe o o paye aapaa, oepeoe o oca a, pecae a e pox pcyax oocex eax:

l m = ; l =, m o l pD o e - epoae ape; = - opyoe apee m 2s oeae oo e aepa, o e, o eoeo eop oooe; p - ypeee aee; D - ype aep a ( = ); s - oa ce a; l - eep epepa ca, ocaeo po cee a.

a o peex pcyo, a cee poo opeee xapaep pacpeee ape paeo oe. B cyae ooeoo cee poo, .e. oa D < Do, ee eco aeoe opacae ape a apyo oepxoc a oe, peae cy.

p opaeo cee poo, .e. oa D > Do, opacae epoax aex ape ee eco a apyo oepxoc paeo o oea.

Pc. 8. Pacpeeee epoax ape o opaye aapaa a ypee oepxoc a oe, peae cy:

1 ceee c = 0; 2 c = s/4; 3 c = -s/ Pc. 9. Pacpeeee epoax ape o opaye aapaa a apyo oepxoc a oe, peae cy:

1 ceee c = 0; 2 c = s/4; 3 c = -s/ Ha pc. 10 oaaa acoc acax ape a apyo oepxoc paeo o co copo oea a o e cee c p =0,01. pxoe epae cooecy oycae ae cee poo coaco OCT 26 291-94.

Hae oycoc oopoao ac ecoo a ae oaae e a pacpeeee ape paeo oe cope oea a. o poeeo cceoae ya oycoc oopoao ac a apeoe cocoe cocyo ae.

caoeo, o ooe op oe cope oeaa - ecoe e oy oaa aeoe e a apeoe cocoe cocyo ae paeo oe ae peeax oycaex ae coaco opao-execo oyea a ooee. p o aoee cyeceo ec pacpeee epoax ape. B cyae oopeeoo a ecox ooe op x aoe e oe ycac ocac.

Pc. 10. acoc epoax ape a apyo oepxoc oe a o e cee poo ce oeaa-e:

1 co copo oea; 2 co copo a oyee pacpeee ape opyco aapao, ex ooe op oe ca "oeaa-ecoe e", oo oe pecypc oooox ocpy eeepepaaax pooc p a ax ooe.

eepa aa ocea cceoa ooe op oepeoo cee oyxo a oe eoc ocpy oyxopyax eooex aapao.

oe eooa epyo pocpace eooea opeeec o opye = Jtot i, e Jtot - o oe eoc ocpy aapaa; i - oe eooa eaoo ya p oepeo oa.

oe eoc ocpy paccaec o pae Jtot = Js JbJl JcJr, e Js - oe, ya a paee epeopoo a xoo xoo yacax epyoo pocpaca; Jb - oe, ya aac epeo ey opyco epepe ya; Jl - oe, ya epeo ey opyco epeopoo, epeopoo pya; Jc - oe, ya eoepeay oe ceeo epeopo; Jr - oe, ya pooooe pae eepayp, oae p aapo ee.

O ooc ooe oyxa o ope ypeey aepy oepeoo cee ac opaoe oe Jl Jb.

Ha ocoe aaa ooe op oepeoo cee oyxa (oaoc, yoaoc ceee poo pooo e) a oa aopo epyo pocpace eooeo ycaoe aaece acoc oeo Jl Jb o apaepo ooe op. Ha pc. 11 12 pee acoc poee ax oeo Jlb o e oaoc cee oyxa ya ey oao cee ceeo epeopoo epex opaepo eooeo.

C yeee apaepo ooe op opaoe oe, a ceoaeo, oe eoc ocpy, yeac. o ycaoeo, o oycaee coaco opaoexeco oyea ooe op oepeoo cee oyxa oy c opaoe oe Jl Jb a 713%.

0,0,0,0,Ds=1000 Jlb 0,0,0,0,0,0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1,ao, % Pc. 11. acoc poee opaox oeo Jlb o e oaoc cee oyxa 0,Ds=1000 0,0,0,Jlb 0,0,0,0, pa.

Pc. 12. acoc poee opaox oeo Jlb o ya aoa oaa cee oyxa oyee acoc opaox oeo oo oece opo cyaaox apaepo oyxopyax eooex aapao a cooece poeoy ae o eoo eoc c yeo peax op paepo oepex cee oyxo aapao.

a aa ocea papaoe exooecx cocoo oe ooc ooe aox eae aapao oa x ao co c yeo peax op paepo oepex cee.

peaa cocoo oe ooc ooe aox eae eoxo copeee eo cpeca eoepecoo opo cee eae. C o e a papaoa oe coco cpeca opo op paepo aox eae oooox ocpy, eo opao peyao aepo.

Papaoa coco opo cee aox eae o ypee oepxoc aaec ceye.

epeoe ycpoco oea yp opopyeo ea, pe oc pae ycpoca ycaaa ooceo oc pae ea peo, c ooc o 20% o aepa. aee paa opy oc oo, apax oopoo ycaoea c oooc epeee paao apae opyea epea aa c poo a ee oe, ac o poepeo oepxoc ea. ae eyx payca ea ya oopoa oa epe opeeee poey c oo ao epeac epooy ycpocy (apep, oepy), oopoe aaae peya aepo, opopye ey ya oopoa oa p coepe oo ooo oopoa ce eppoae c cooae acca ae yo payco opox oe axo ooee epa ec cee ea, epecae y payc opox oe ea ooceo epa ec cee ea, opeee epep cpe aep cee, acae ooe op o pyoc aepo o oaoo ae.

Ha papaoa coco opo oye ae P a opeee 2166729 [78].

oooc ocyece yaaoo cocoa opo papaoa opoo-epee ycpoca (poopa) ecox ocpy ( aoaapo pyoaapo aapayp).

poopa oo aca poopay cee ea a oepa. O ocyec opo paepo o ypee oepxoc pecx eae.

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