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opeece e eape 1996 . opoc a 310,8 % o cpae c eape 1995 ., o ec 4 paa, a cpee a 1996 . 2,23 paa.

Peo cc ypoe oca acee. Ec 1990 .

cpe apaoa aa cocaa 200 o., o oy 1996 . oa yaa o 2530, a o eoop oea, ae o 20 o.

Ba o oap 1997 . coca 9,7 p., a 1998 . 9,3 p. o. p ao peepe 2,1 p. 2,7 p. o. CA cooeceo.

a epo 19971999 . oap ocya apoooeca caa, xo oo o oe p acopaax ee. Ocooe pece ec oap popaec exa, eoceoaeoc ecaoc aooaeca, pecyoc oppy, coe ao, caoc poo pacpyyp, exaa ooo ypaeecoo epcoaa, coe ecoe pc, execa ocaoc oo, , ecaoc a.

Boe aa coco eexecoo oaa a oe paa oo copypoa ceye o o coco aee cooa ooce:

a poe ocex e cyaa ooce ooo pooca aaec caac ooce epo epepao e opx poecco;

cooee ooc, e a ooy H, cyapoac c o apyo. Ta, a 1998 . aaec pe apye oo a 68,7, pop a 53,8, cepocooe apo- ae a 40,6, yoe pooco a 37,7%;

aee oep aac p pooe oapo poy. Cpeeece oaoe ca oapx eo apo A-91 A-98 pea opa a 0,5 ya;

ycaee e e cooecy epce peoa, o c 2000 . o coepa ca, cep eoa;

ypoe aeca paaaex ex o e ecyx epcex epoecx peoa o eaooy cy, coepa cep apoaecx yeoopoo. Haop exooecx poecco x cocoe e oeae ey epce peoa EC o poocy aoox eo c yye ooec coca;

cooec c po Haoao popao o poocy epoax eo A Heox oao poo 80% epoax eo x oeo oea pooca 31.12.2002 .

(p cyecye oe epoax eo 60%) ooc pepa pooco epoax eo 31.12.2003 . o opeye aex ec peocpy ecyx ycaoo cpoeco ox;

execoe cocoe eexecoo oeca eo oeaoc a yoeopeoe. Hapy c copee ycaoa a pep ec ycao cpeeo ooe, a ae opao ycapee ycao;

oaoe cooae ooce o poocy oeo apyeo -a o opeoc x a cao A Heox a A oep . ee. Peee poe caacpoaoc ooce peye pyx ec.

o e pe eoe ee ooc eexecoo oeca oecea A Heox ocaoy poocey oc. Ocaoa ae pa ycaoo e oe cyece opao a apyy pyx ooce.

Bo o acoo ooe A Heox ceye: a poe ocex epex e eeoc pep ac yoo;

e eco ae e ea; ceye oe eocao cocex coo p epepye pe oaeca; oa eoxooc coacoa ce c peopa pep; p ocyc cyeceo pecpyypa pooca oco pc eoa eee.

B eepo ae aec xapaepca epoeco eeepepaa ae poeoc a ocoe aaa ee epce ee pa aee epce pa A O Heox ypac.

B 1980 ., oce opoo eoo pca, Epoe cyaa axooc 178 H, oa ooc o epepaoe e cocaa oee 1 p. /. 1998 . oeco H coc o 124 oe ooc 763 . /. oa ac x H, ea ooo coe exooece cxe, pacooea a opcx oepex. Cpe ocox p aoo peoo ee cya eee cpaeo opooo pee oo aa ceye: pae cpoca a eepoy c oopee cee x opee; ece peoa aecy o pe poca; ooo y pay ey apaa p eeepepaoe; ope aoax po eyapoo oype.

B eee ecox ocex e a epoecx H ye pep pae ep o yye x eoc peaeoc.

Texece epop: ycpaee yx ec a cyecyx exooecx ycaoax (oee pooeoc); ape eoopx pooc ex ycaoo, oope eo paoa eyoeopeo.

Peee exooecx opoco: peee epeox exoo (aaece poecc; yoceece poeaoe poecc (eapoaa, eapaa p.); acoe ocee ex o cp); peee oee coepex aaaopo (oepa pa (C6/C7); apoae (cyxo eo); pooca; copeee cpeca A (a exooecx ycaoax; a cax cee eepoyo).

Bopoc ypae pooco: op cp; oa poocex poecco; ceee yy apa cee oep.

acoe opoc: coae coecx pep; oeee pax poocex cpyyp; coae ox peoax pyx cpyyp; peee xepoa p apee eepoyo.

Mepop o oxpae opyae cpe: opae, cae c ao opyae cpe cao ae yye ee oe epe yy oaa peaee e a a exoo eeepepao, a a oe cpyypy cpoca a pooe Epoe eepoy.

aeo yecoac peoa ooeco coe oopx o, oope yy cooac epo c 2005 o 2010 . Hop coepa aepoex eec aocepe: oca yepoa e oee 10 /3 (c 1 ap 2005 .), a eoa 5 /3 (c 1 ap 2010 .).

ooy copeee oope oa o yoeop peoa, oecea e oo aey ey paoy aee, o ooecy eoacoc, popeay epoceeoe aee.

Haaec ycoa ee apee pee poax eo. 1999 . ape a poay aoox eo, coepax TC, ye ee eap, P, e, a, Hepaax, opya, ceype c 1 ap 2000 . a eppop cex ocyapc Epoecoo Coa.

B ycox oaa o TC, yecoe peoa o coepa eoa pyx apoaecx coee cocae copeex aoox eo yeaec coepae copocoepax coooaox ooeo. oocc p, cp, o ce e-mpem-yo p (MT) p. Tae coee oopeeo oecea oee peoa a o oaooy cy, a o coepa copoa.

Oo ocox apae o yye ooecx coc oopx o cee coepa cep. B cooec c peoa, peycope c 1 ap 2000 . cpaax Epoecoo Coa, coepae cep aoox eax e oo pea 150, a ex oax 350 ppm. cooae ex o, yoeopx peoa, oo oece oee op o poca epx ac e aoo: 0,05 / (B) (Epo-IV 2005 .).

A O Heox ypac, cyc a oa oce paa, ye xapaepyec aye cpe eeepepaaax pep oa ooeo ao pooca aoox eo.

B 2000 . paoao coppoao 159 c. ea A-95H, cooecyeo Epo-II. pooca ceo oea aoox eo cooec c peoa EC eoxoo c coepae cep ee aaecoo pea ye coepae eoa.

B 2000 . 790 c. coppoaoo eoo oa 640 c. cooecoao peoa EN 590-2000, oee 30% o oeo oeca poeeoo eoo oa. pooca acaoo oeca eoo oa cooec c peoa EC eoxoo ye coepae cep eo aoe aaecoo pea.

Ha ae oex caapo papaoao peaoe oo Jet A-1, oopoe ee oo cpoc a a oapco pe, a a pyeo.

B cooec c paao ooopo a papaoaa ecoa popaa, apaea a peocpy eexecoo oaa oepa ex exoo pooc. O oe ec, oop H O˔ oaac o peocpy aa peo oopyoa a epo c 2000 o 2005 ., pec 268 . o. CA.

popaa pa peocpy poocex ooce A O Heox ypac papaoaa a ocoa ax ocox ee aa, a oee eoc yoo epepao e p oao apye ocox yo ycaoo exooeco e ooce eexecoo oaa; ycoepecoae oapo poy oeceo aeceo ooe oo cooec c epoec eyapo peoa; exooecoe aapaypoe ooee poocex ycaoo, apaeoe a cee epeecx aepax apa; aoaa oa cce ypae opo exooecx poecco; yyee peee opa peoa ooecx apaepo pooc.

opaa pa o 2010 . peycapae peocpy ocox exooecx ycaoo ycoepecoae exoo eeepepaoe, eex, oepx cooaex poocax.

B oac eeepepao peycapaec peocpy: ycao aaecoo popa c epeoo a epepy peeepa aaaopa yeee ooc o 600 c. /.; oeca aaecoo pea c yeee ooc o 2,0 . /.; ycaoo A-5, BM-1 c yeee ooc o 4,0 . /. x epa ey ycaoy AB p.; ex oe y epepao, yee pao cooaecex oopx o aeoo oe aeca ocaooo oeoo oa apyec cpoeco oeca epepao ex ex ocao ooc 2,5 . /. a ooc paa c c eoxooc epepao ex ocao, oyaex a eeepepaaax aoax opoax Oecce oe. Cooc oeca yoo epepao ex ex ocao oeaec 260 . o. CA. C oo oeca pooco oex o a H Oecc oe peoaaec pepa.

B eex peycapaec peocpy ycao e150 c yeee ee ooc a 15 c. /. o ey.

B oepo pooce peycope peocpy ycaoo:

oepo; ocpoa pooca AC-cooepa c pepaee pooca cyceooo ocpoa oepo; oe-2; eoa cpoa, a ae o cyaa ycao oe-1.

poee ce oepa exooecoo ooe ceo oeca eexecoo oaa popay pa o 2010 .

e p cooaex pooc oeo, pax ay po oe eoc aeoc pao, yee pacxoo oep e eepoyo, epeecoo oecee ooce yye ooecx xapaepc pooc.

BBO 1. Ooe poaapoa aepa o cop apoe, caoe pa eoo ea oap. Bepe cceoa copoexeco acee eeepepaaae eexece pooca HǖPyce, HXʖypac HXʖee, cooae ee Teecoo oo-coo ecopoe.

Ha ocoa opooo aaa o-xecx coc paooo cocaa epepaaaex ee oaao x e a exoo epepao pae eeepepaaax eexecx poecco.

2. yea cop caoe pa HXʖypac c oea p pee o eo cpoece o paa poccco eo oae O˻.

pecae aa execoo exooecoo coco eeepepaaax pooc, a ae poecco peocpy oepa a ycaoax aocepo c (A), aaecoo popa (P) pooc (O) a pax aax pa HXʖypac.

3. aa oea po Coea ooeco Baooo pa eeaooo ea, eeepepao eex oap.

4. Aa coco oo oap epe paae A Heox ypac oea oapcoo pa c o pe ocpaoo ecopa poccco H O˻, a ae coco eexecoo oaa a oe paa oaa paoc p pee o yac paa.

Boe aa cooa aee papao popa oepa peocpy oaa, a ae p p ecoo popa.

5. Papaoaa a ocoe copo-execoo aaa popaa pa peocpy poocex ooce A O Heox ypac ooe pea ceye ocoe aa: oc eoc yoo epepao e p oao apye ocox yo ycaoo exooeco e ooce eexecoo oaa; coepecoa oapy poy oeceo aeceo ooe oo cooec c epoec eyapo peoa; poo exooecoe aapaypoe ooee poocex ycaoo, apaeoe a cee epeecx aepax apa; aoapoa opoa cce ypae opo exooecx poecco; yy pec opa peoa ooece apaep pooc.

OCHOBHE OOEH CCEPTA OTPAEH B CEX PAOTAX:

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