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ocoeo pooco oea (H); oye ep oapc eo.

oee poo co, oope ca exa pa eex1968 .

oap. : epa poy pooca eoa; oye ep oe cooo ae; a pooce apoaecx yeoopoo oye epe ap napa-coa; eeo ece pooco oc ea eoe; a oo ycaoe a aoe yaa 1970 .

poeeo epoe oappooe ooo. : poee ep ceec ayy; eeo ece pooco ocpoa.

a o epo a ypacco HX ooc epepao e opaca ao ope c 3 . o 9,68 . /. Ha ycaoax aocepo c poee oocee peocpy. Ha(pc. 3) pep, a ycaoe A-3 o ocyeceo 29 peocpy oepa. poeea oa eooo aaca, oeceeo oee paoaoe oxaee ooo, coaa oa opa aa p.

Ha ycaoax A-4, A-5 ocyeceo oee 20 peocpy oepa. aoap eca peocpy ycaoo aaecoo popa, a ox oec coooaox ooeo, a oae oac oooc poo pae o accopey aoox o.

Bopo a oxaae epo c 1975 o 1990 .

ec pae eeepepao eeO xapaepyec x cooec c copee po ee. B o epo yec ooc eex coa oo oec exooecx ycaoo yoo epepao e, apaeo a yeee xoa cex eepoyo.

pc. paa o-cxea epepao o epo opaea a.

Aocepa c e 1 (66) 1 (63); 2 (65); 3 (73); 4 (73); 5 (74) I III IV V II oec aaec pop 1 (64), 2 (73) Bopa pea (68) apoa (68) pooca 1 (64) oepa (71) pooca 2 (70), 3 (73) Acopoa aopaopya ycaoa (70) Bayya c 1 (74) aooca (64) I Cya ap (67) aoa cepa 3 (82) Aooe Peaoe eoe oeoe Cee Cya Cepa ypo e oo oo oo a ap Pc. 1. paa o-cxea epepao e (19631975 .):

I a; II eoa pa; III epocoa pa; IV ea pa; V ay.

B coax o oa cyaa Pc. 2. Texooeca cxea ycao pooca-2:

Annapam: 1 e; 24 peaop; 57 ceapaop; 8 caaoa ooa; 9 ooa; 10 acopep c MA; 11 opeccop; 12, 13 eooe; 14 peoep; 15, 16 oy xoo-oecaop.

Mamepuae nomou: I cpea ea pa; II ce oopocoepa a; III ce pacop MA; IV ace pacop MA; V pooea pa; VI yeoopo a; VII e-oo; VIII a a ae; IX oyo a Pc. 3. Texooeca cxea ycao Aocepa c-3:

Annapam: 1 eooe; 2 epoepaop; 3 ceapaop; 4 eoc e; 5 e; 6 oeaa ooa; 711 coe oo; 8 cp oo; 9 oye xoo-oecaop;

10 oe xoo-oecaop.

Mamepuae nomou: I e; II eyaop; III poa oa; IV pacop eoo apa; V eoaa apoa oec; VI op; VII oeea e; VIII cyxo a; IX oo ap; X p. C3C4;

XI p. 40100/40180; XII p. 85180; XIII p. 140240; XIV p. 180240; XV p. 240360; XVI p. e 360oC Aocepa c e 1 (66) 1 (63); 2 (65); 3 (73); 4 (73); 5 (74) I II III V IV oec aaec pop 1 (64), 2 (73) Bopa pea (68) apoa (68) pooca 1 (64) oepa (71) Acopoa aopaopya pooca 2 (70), 3 (73) ycaoa (70) Bayya c 1 (74), 2 (82) epaa aopaopya ycaoa (82) aaec pe (82) Xopooca 4 (79) Hopa apa (79) Tepec pe (82) I aooca (64) ya ycaoa (84 ) Cya ap (67) Apoae (83) aoa cepa 3 (82) Cya Hopa Aooe Peaoe eoe oeoe Cee y Cepa ap apa e oo oo oo a Pc. 4. paa o-cxea epepao e (19751995 .):

I a; II eoa pa; III epocoa pa; IV ea pa; V ay.

caoa e paoae c 1985 ; coax o oa cyaa oee oeca yoo epepao eco co a aeoe eee cpyyp oyaex eepoyo. pooco oeoo oa c 46 1970 . coc o 28% 1988 ., a oop cex eepoyo opoc c 42 o 56%. o opx poecco o ooe epepaaaeo e c 31,9 (o ayca oeca yoo epepao) opoca o 72,7% peyae cpoeca ox aaecx epecx poecco. Cpyypa poecco a H cooecoaa po ee cpyypa eyx eeepepaaax p, ex cocae ycao aaecoo pea.

B peyae ocoe ox poecco eeepepaoe (aaec pe, apoae MT) coepae ca o cex apax aoox eo ooc o 0,15 / o ooeo aao pooca epoax eo.

B 19821983 . ocoe ooc oeca yoo epepao e. B o oec o eo ec ocox exooecx ycaoo: ayyo c aya 2000 c. /. aya; aaecoo pea (p) 1500 c. /. ayyoo ao; epecoo pea (T) 1500 c. /. ypoa; aopaopyeo cepocooo apoa oyaa yea 215 c. /.; o poocy aoo cep 30 c. /. p pyx cooaex oeo.

cao oece yoo epepao aacoo ca c ocoo ycaoo aaecoo pea. caoa aaecoo pea ec e oo pooee coooaooo ooea aoox eo (O 91,592,5), o coo cp ycao apoa (O 9596) e-mpem-yooo pa (O 115), c c e aeo yeoc co ooeo pooca oapx aoox eo. B peyae oa cyaa oeca yoo epepao e peo eac cpyypa opx poecco, yec xo cex eepoyo, cac o oeoo oa, yyoc aeco aoox eo.

C ee cxey epepao ycao epecoo pea ypoa (cpe) a coaa oooc poo caapoe oeoe oo c oc o 15o o epy p 80oC. a epo 1965. pooco aoox eo yeoc 5,5 pa, a peax ex o 6,8 pa. Pae eeepepao eex coao oooc acaoo yoeope opeoc cpa pao opax eepoyax oepax, a ae pacpe copx oooce. aeo yyoc cooae eexecoo cp e aece coa oee ex ex poyo.

oeco eoo cp eex yeoc peo 3 paa oco 5,5% ooceo epepaaaeo e.

Xapaep oaaee execoo pa eeepepao ec yeee ooceo o opx poecco cpae c epepaaaeo e. a epo c 1970 o 1985 . a o yeac c 31,9 o 72,7%, a oe epece aaece poecc yoo epepao e cooec c po ee.

B peyae ocoe ox poecco eeepepaoe aeo yye aeca ooo aoee pyooax poyo aoox eo. Coepae ca ee apo A-96 A-c 01.01.1984 . coc cooeceo c 0,7 0,45 / o 0,35 /, ee ap A-86 c 0,33 o 0,20 /. aoap ocoe pooca MT coepae ca eax cex apo coc o 0,15 / aaoc pooco epoax eo. o cooecoao ee epoecx cpaax, e coepae ca apoaoc c c 0,4 o 0,15 /. Ocoeo pooco ooo a peaoo oa ap Jet A1.

Tpe a oxaae epo oce 1990 .

paa o-cxea o epoe opaea a pc. 5. Texooeca cxea H opoaa. B cocaa ceye ycao:

oepa, opae apa, opa pea, A -1.

eoe cooae cp pepaoc cpaeecy aay o opeee ye pa oaa.

oce 1989 . epepaoa e cac o 1112 . o 67 . /.

H paoae coopao c poo oypo epcea pa oaa, oope apyc a oao oece epepaaaeo e ooo 6,0 . /., ocaoo oo apy oeca yoo epepao e pooca peo 600 c. /. eox pa ycaoo aaecoo popa c e oye eooo ooea, apoaecx yeoopoo ooo 520 c. /.

pecypco poa, eoxox pooca 150160 c. ea o. p o xo oeoo oa cocae 21,4% a e. c eeepepaoo cocpeooe a: yoeope opeoce pa ex, eexecx oepx poyax; oepa cyecyx ooce ye epe aaapx exoo, ycoepecoa oe aeca poy, yee opee a- Aocepa c 2 (65); 3 (73); 4 (73); 5 (74) IV I II III V e 1 (66) oec aaec pop 1 (64), 2 (73) apoa (68) pooca 1 (64) Acopoa aopaopya pooca 2 (70), 3 (73), 4 (79) ycaoa (70) Bayya c 1 (74), 2 (82) epaa aopaopya ycaoa (82) aaec pe (82) Me-mpem-yo p (88) Tepec pe (82) I aooca (64) ya ycaoa (84 ) Apoae (83) aoa cepa 3 (82) Cee Aooe Peaoe eoe oeoe Cepa y a e oo oo oo Pc. 5. paa o-cxea epepao e (1999 .):

I a; II eoa pa; III epocoa pa; IV ea pa; V ay.

B coax o oa cyaa aaopo, peaeo aepao ce epoeoc pep;

oxpae opyae cpe.

B paoe aec oea po Coea ooeco Baooo, coaoo o pee ooecoo coea pecaee oap, Bep, o, Py, CCCP CCP ape 1949 ., pa eeaooo ea, eeepepao eex oap.

ooe aee pa eo aoo poeoc oap e ycopoe coae paax eeoc CB.

Oo epx coae, ooee aao pa eeepepao eex oap, o Coaee o oaa Coo CCP ooeco execo oo HP cpoece eeepepaaaeo aoa c cooae oxox ao opaa pooca xecx poyo o 26 eap 1958 . B o coae pe a o cpoece eeepepaaaeo aoa . ypace o epepaoe 1 . cpo e o a ae oyaeo Coecoo Coa e c cooae oxox ao opaa pooca xecx poyo.

B 1971 . XXV cecce CB a pa oeca popaa aeeo yye coepecoa copyeca pa coaceco ooeco epa cpa eo CB, paccaa a oaoe oee eee 1520 e. oy paoy o oe paeo oeco popa ocyeca ocoa occ CB o eo aoo poeoc, coaa 1956 . Paoe opa o occ yceo pea opoc ooecoo ayoexecoo copyeca oac eeaoo eoo eo, ex exoo poo yox ca, o e aa, pacoppo xpae yeoopoo, a ae epepao e. aey po cpaa ocoa occ CB o xeco poeoc.

7 1985 . a ocaa oocpoa popaa pa ooecoo ayo-execoo copyeca ey CCCP HP a epo o 2000 .. B ex peaa ao popa 9 ap 1986 . o ocao Coaee ey paeco CCCP paeco HP o copyece cpoece, peocpy oepa 19862000 . HP poex pep pyx oeo.

Coaee yao ae epop o oepa peocpy HXʖypac.

B pee ae aec oea oo oap epe paae A Heox ypac, oea oapcoo pa c o pe ocpa- oo ecopa poccco eo oa O˻. Boea oea coco eexecoo oaa a oe paa. Taa oea a eoxoa e oo p pee o yac paa, o aee papao popa oepa peocpy oaa, a ae p ecoo popa.

Oey oo oap epe paae A Heox ypac eoxoo ea c yeo eopaecoo epeycpoca ocooepoecx cpa, aaeoc oe 1989 . e epe 34 oa ocy ea popecc pacoppoa epaoao oo eopaecy poy ccey. Oao eee e peoppoa oo, ayc ca pooca, co ypoe epao, yao cce coaoo oecee, yyee epea oxoo aococo pe acoo-ooecoy pcy coao-oeco apeoc. Pae acooo pca peo copae ax peepo cpa, cpoy ae ypca ea, pocy . p a opooo ocyapceoo oa ae peep yec eee 1996 .

c 1236 p. o 506 . o. ypc oapa c 70,7 ea a 1 oap aae oa oco o 500 eo oy oa o 2000 eo aay epa 1997 .

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