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Moopyea cpyoa ooa ooe oepoo eeoo ooa paoae cey opao. Paca oepa, aeae eo cpyepa (e oaa), poxo epe ooepyy peey 21 oaae a aa 20, aee oo pacaa oepa c oo ocpo po aepao epeopo eea 13 pacpeeec o y apa aaa 16 17. poxo o opy aaa 6-9, paca oxaaec c oo xaaea, poxoeo o aaa 10, oopec epep pooooa cpya e eeoo ooa. opye poe aa 6-9 opayc a ce coee yx ce ceeoo cee opa 2 3 aa 4 c oo pecx o 5.

Oa pe cpy yaaoo aepaa p eepaype 438-543 coaaeo ae - 4,0-5,0 Ma.

Ha papaoay ocpy oopyeo cpyoo oo ooe oepoo eeoo ooa oye ae P 2180287.

Ha papaoae ocpy:

- yxaao cpyoo oo ooe oepo oooo pe oyeo peee C o ae aea P a opeee o ae 2000116954/12 o 29.11.2001;

- pexpyeo cpyoo oo ooe oepoo cpoeoo aa oyeo peee C o ae aea P a opeee o ae 20001105039/12 o 05.03.2002.

aae ocpy epe a Aaap AO ayc.

o ao oooc coa poecc ooaao cpy, oop oo oc pooeoc; cec yy oep aepaa, aoap paoaoy pacooe opyx aao, caey epaoepoc xoa cpyaa; coo opoocoe ea peecy, coyee p pooce aaox e c aeo x a oep; yy yco pya ooecy ocaoy.

A-A (Ooaee o cope ece) Pcyo 2 Moopyea cpyoa ooa ooe oepoo eeoo ooa aa 3 Meo pacea oopyex cpyox ooo ooe oepx poo-ooax e.

Aa cyecyx eopeecx cepeax cceoa ee aoao-x oce paecx aaax oaae, o x ocoo paccapaec aopoe eee aaax poceeo eoepecoo cee (peyo, poyo, py), ocoeo o acaec cepeax cceoa.

Booo cooae cex eoo c oo ox epao c peee cox yaypx opy. cceoae, cooae eop oye apaoe eo, eopeec oaa, o ocee ca c peee eeo cce aepaecx ypae, oope pey oe ooo oea cex pao eca pe. o ocoeco aeo cae paecy eoc papaoax eoo.

Paccop eee aoao-o oc aae poooo cee. Cxea ee oc pecaea a pcye 3.

y z V x Pcyo 3 - Cxea ee oc paeco aae p pee aa ee aoao-o oc paeco aae pac ceye oye: oepee oo aae peepeo a o cpae c poo; oc ee apaeo oc OZ , peepea ece accox c, ye e Vz=V(x,y); Vx=Vy=0.

oc ecaea oec peooecoy aoy = f ( );

coee a cee aaa ocycye; poecc ee pa, ycaoc, aap oepec.

a yaae oye ypae e coxpae acc poyox oopaax, oyae:

V y x + = - = Const, = 0. (1) x y z Ec ey pay ac ypae (1) yo a V oo epa o cee aaa, o, coy opyy Ocpopacoopa, o oyeo*:

Q = (2) dxdy.

Ta opao, o ypae (2) oo opee pacxo oc;

oao eoc ao opy eepo pa eea, ocoy ae pe pace cooae eo pyoeo, a a eoxoo c oo epa.

ooy paee (2) eoxoo peopaoa oee ypoy acoc. oo ae ypaee (2) opo ccee oopa:

Q = (3) drd.

epee (3) ceye e:

Q = d rdr.

0 a, o apee a cee aaa opeeec a = r, ea aey epeex e peo ypae r =, a dr = d, oy 0( ) Q = d d, 0 e 0 = R, a 0(cp ) b0.

coy eopey o cpee, oy b a Q = (4) d.

Toa oopyeoo poecca ee ae ypaee (4) ceye e:

b na Q = d, (5) 3 e n - co aao opye ooe; a b - oe, ace o op oepeoo cee aao.

oyee acoc (4, 5) oo c pacxoe xapaepc aao poooo cee. aee ae ecoe paee paea copoc dV dr =, pae epeee, ya, o dr = d, oce peopaoa oy bVmax = d. (6) aa cepeaoe cceoae poecco cpy pacao oepo oopyex poo-ooax aaax.

4.1 Peya cceoa peooecx coc pacao oepo cepeae cceoa ee poo ooax aaax pooc a ceyx pacaax oepo: oe cooo ae ap 15802-020; oe oo ae ap 277-73;

ocpo CM-115; opoe ap 01003; ae aca ap 040.

ap oepo oac caoc o-xecx coc ooy xopoe ocpoooc peyao cceoa.

cceoae peooecx coc eyaax oepo poooc a apo coepe a yx apax pyoo cee aepo 4,2 , o 50 75 , ooex ca 45 (OCT 1050) 0,coo opao ypee oepxoc aaa Ra.

Bxooe e (oep a xoe ap) cac c oo yx apo E. B. e, ce eoxoe pace o coep cceyex pacao pooc o eoe. B. Bopaoa H. B.

poopoco. yoca eopeecx paceo eco eo oc paac opaa e ea - ea eyec.

Ha pcye 4 pecae pe eyec pacaa opoea (a,) aeoo acaa () p pax eepaypax.

Peya cceoa peooecx coc oepo ceye paccapa aece cxooo aepaa oceyx paeo pao.

a) ) ) Hapee ca, 10-4 a a) - T=493 ) - T=503 ) - T=443(1); T=433(2) Pcyo 4 - pe eyec pacaa opoea (a, ) aeoo acaa () (p pax eepaypax) ea eyec pacaa, 1/( a c) 4.2 Ocae cepeao ycao cceoa poecco ee pacao oepo cpae eopeecx cepeax ax o pacxo xapaepca poee cepeae cceoa a oo ycaoe c cpyepo, e ep aepo 40 o 640 .

cepeae cceoa ee pacao oepo pooc oopyex poo-ooax aaax. oyp x oepex cee eoepece paep oaa ae 1.

oyee ae epeao ae a ey ao ap aao ae ycpec. Ta opao, oye acoc accooo pacxoa o epeaa ae a ey aaa. ae accooo pacxoa o epeaa ae a ey yac oo pacax ooo aaa oopyeo oo, a oye oeo pacxoa pacaa oepa eoxoo ya pacxo oepa o cex opyx aaax oo.

Ha pcyax 5 6 paec pecae peya eopeecoo cepeaoo cceoa ee pacao oepo pooooax aaax pao op cee: a oc opa oaac ae accooo pacxoa oepo Q (/c), a a oc accc epea ae a ey aaa P (Ma/) (pae ae). Toa a cepeae ae accox pacxoo, a coo e - eopeece, paccae o opye (4), ypo - o ypoe opya e pecoo aaa.

Cpaee oyex peyao cepeax ax c ce ae o opya e pecoo aaa oaa, o pacxoe ao cyae coca o 70%, o pe a o opya (4 5) - 8-10%.

Ta opao, aa oaa, o o opya e pecoo aaa oo poo pee pye pace poaecx xapaepc ooo p ee pacao pooooax aaax, a ox paceo ceye pe opy (4 5).

Taa 1- ae eoepecx paepo cceyex aao oyp cceyeoo R, S, 2, a b aaa 4,28 467,0 109,0 1,80 2,1,8 156,0 86,0 1,92 2,1,56 200,0 127,0 1,83 2,1,89 198,0 99,5 1,76 2,a) ) a) - T=493 ) - T=503 Pcyo 5 acoc pacxoa pacaa opoea o epeaa ae a) ) 12,0 12,6,6,0 8 5 10 pae ae P10-7, a/ a) - T=493 ) - T=503 - - - o opye pecoo aaa Ceee aaa cpoe a.

Pcyo 6 acoc pacxoa pacaa opoea o epeaa ae a ey aa Peya cceoa payxa cpyaa p cee pacao oepo opyx poo - ooax aao.

e occpyooo payxa pacao oepo peae ae oocex cceoaee -a o c oo e c cooacoc yaea coco x cce, paeco aoc ya ee paepo cpyaa p ope peyex paepo aao ooe e aao op cee.

coy oyee cepeae ae, acecoe occaoee cpy cpyaa oeaoc oeo payxa, opeee o opye:

SK =, (7) S e S9 S - cooeceo oa oepeoo cee cpyaa opyeo aaa, 2. Peya cepeo pecac paec a pcye 7 e acoc oea payxa o ae Pacxo Q, /c cpy: K = f (P). Toa a cepeae ae oeo payxa cpyao, a coo e - eopeec paccae o opye (8).

coy -eopey eop py oy acoc, ooy eopeec oeceo oca e payxa p poaa pacao oepo epe opye aa oo cooo cee.

Maeaeca oe ee cey :

nn L n1 K = B am bm ( ), (8) SK e - oe payxa; B oe, ac o ppo aepaa, (opeeec o eco eoe); a, b oe, ace o op cee aaa; m1, m2, n1, n2, n3 oaae ceee, ace o a oepa, opeeee o eoe e E.B.

paec epec pecae cpaee oyex peyao o payxa cpyao acoe paoe c peyaa eopeecx cceoa pyx aopo. C o e a pooc coocae oeo payxa opao opoea, oyex p cee aao c ceee e pya cpoeoo aa o ypae, peoeoy M.. pao. apoca po acoc K o pa oo a n K =1 + a + b, (9) e a,b,n-pece oe.

opao opoea a = 0,51; b = 0,069; n = 1,87. Peya aoo coocae pecae ae 2. pex ax o, o acaoe pacxoee ey cepea pac o peoeo acoc (8) ae oeo payxa cceyex aao e peao 5%, o pe a ooe cpaaex e, oyex o opye (9), coca, apep, aae c ceee e cpoeoo aa oee 25% (aa 2).

Taa 2-Peya coocae oeo payxa oyex o opya (7, 8 9).

Maepa-opoe ap 01003; ceee aaa cpoe a; eepaypa 493 P, T % T % T % % % % Ma L d = 31,8 L d = 39,9 L d = 48,1,0 1,40 1,46 -4,29 1,03 26,43 1,22 1,25 -2,46 1,02 16,39 1,12 1,17 -4,46 1,01 9,2,0 1,47 1,51 -2,27 1,06 27,89 1,27 1,28 -0,79 1,04 18,11 1,17 1,21 -3,42 1,03 11,3,0 1,51 1,53 -1,32 1,09 27,81 1,30 1,30 0,00 1,05 19,23 1,20 1,23 -2,50 1,04 13,4,0 1,53 1,55 -1,31 1,12 26,80 1,33 1,32 0,75 1,07 19,55 1,23 1,24 -0,81 1.06 13,5,0 1,55 1,56 -0,65 1,16 25,16 1,34 1,33 0,75 1,09 18,66 1,24 1,25 0,81 1,07 11,6,0 1,56 1,57 -0,64 1,19 23,72 1,35 1,34 0,74 1,11 17,78 1,25 1,26 -0,80 1,09 12,7,0 1,56 1,58 -1,28 1,22 21,79 1,35 1,35 0,00 1,13 16,30 1,26 1,27 -0,79 1,11 11,8,0 1,45 1,46 -0,69 1,25 16,00 1,24 1,24 0,00 1,15 12,03 1,16 1,17 -0,85 1,12 4,9,0 - - - - - 1,36 1,36 0,00 1,17 13,98 1,27 1,28 -0,79 1,14 10,%-ooee cepeax ax o ae, cex o opye (8);

- ooee cepeax ax o ae, cex o opye (9).

a) ) 1,1,1,4 1,1,1,1,2 1,0 2 4 6 0 2 4 6 epea ae P, Ma a) T = 433K; ) T = 453K 1 - L=120; 2 - L=140; 3 - L=160 Ceee aaa - yc Pcyo 7 acoc oea payxa cpyaa H o epeaa ae aae Ta opao, poee a coocae oo cea o o o, o peoea a aeaeca oe oee oo ocae poecc cooacecoo occaoe cpy pacao oepo, ooy e oo peoeoa aee paco oeo payxa epoaco p cee opyx aao paoo eoepecoo cee.

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