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.. Quantum dot heterostructures: fabrication, properties, lasers N.N. Ledentsov, V.M. Ustinov, V.A. Shchukin.

P.S. Kopev, Zh.I. Alferov, D. Bimberg A.F. Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 194021 St.Petersburg, Russia Institut fr Festkperphysik, Technische Universitt Berlin, 10623 Berlin, Germany

Abstract

In the present review we sum up original results where i) we have discovered experimentally a novel class of spontaneously ordered nanostructures, namely equilibrium arrays of three-dimensional coherently strained islands on crystal surfaces;

ii) we have developed a theory of spontaneous formation of semiconductor nanostructures in heteroepitaxial systems; iii) we have proved experimentally the existence of a novel class of semiconductor heterostructures, namely perfect quantum dots having atomlike energy spectrum; we have performed a detalied investigation of optical properties of quantum dots; iv) we have fabricated quantum dot-based injection lasers demonstrating unique charactristics, namely high temperature stability of the threshold current and ultra-high material gain.

, 1998, 32,

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