WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

 >> 
.

..

, : -,..,, : -,..,,.. -,.....

01.02.06,, ______________ 2009 16 212.166.09.

.. : 603950, 1000,.,, 23, 6.

....

- ______________ 2009,..-.... 20 . -, - -,, -,,. - (, - - ) -,,.

.,.

-,, -. -,,.,.

-, -, -, -.

.,,, 1.,,,.

(1 1000 ).

. 2..,, 1 /.

,., 1). :,,,...

.

2) 70- 3. - 1...., 3) -,.. 4) - - - t-, -.

. 2. 5) -.., -. 0.1 1 /. ...

3. :,. (.. ). ...

4..

.

5.,..

-2, -3, 6... -.

.

.

RU.ME20.HOO338 RU.ME20.HOO113 5, 1. -2 1... -.

. 2. 2. -,,...

, 3..,, -.

4...

3... 5. - -.

,... - 6..

, 7.. 4., -.

,. 5., (. -, ).

. 6......, ( -1136.2003.8, 6391.2006.8, 3367.2008.8) (96-15-98156, 00-15-99029);

, 2007-2012 ( 2007-6-1.6-08-01-054),, - 2002-2006 ( -112/001/404), (99-01-00132, 01-01-00556, 02-01-00594, 04-05,, 64614, 05-01-00837, 05-01-08055, 07-08-13637, 08-01-00500).

,.

7 (, 3246.2004.8, 4839.2008.8); 2002-2006 ( -19.0/002/133, 02.442.11.7125); ,, ( 4631);., - (PD022.10-4) ( 01-01-06125, 02-01 - 06420, 03-01-06333).

. 2000-2002,,.

-.

1 (.... ),,, 2007.

..

, : I,,, 1997. IV, V, VI, VII,, XII, XV ,, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006,., 2009. I II ( 1.1).

,, 1999,.-, 2000. II III - ,, 2001, 2003. VIII IX ( 1.2).

,, 2001,., 2006. VII.. - , - -, 2001. II,, 2002. III IV -..,..,..,..,..

,.-, 2002, 2004. V ,, 2004.,..,..,..,.., VII ...,..,..,..,..

. ,, 2005. XVIII,, 2007. XIV XVI,..,...

,, 2007, 2009.

..,..,..,..,..,..,..

,..,..,..,....,.... ;. 1...

., 5,, 271, 81, 6, 3 10,,.

.

9 1.3.. ( )... 1952...,..,..,..,..,.. ,,.., D.J. Frew, M.J. Forrestal, X.W. Chen..

....,..,..,..,..,.. -,..,..,..,..,..

,..,..,..,..,..,,..,..,.....,..,..,..,..,..,..,..,...,..

,..,..,..,.., -.

., -.,,., -.., -,. - .

,, -.. :,,..,..,..,..,.. -,.,..,..,..,..,..,..,..,....

, :..,..,..

- -,,, -.., ;..,.., ( - - - )... ;, -,,,,....

11 -,,,.

1.4,, -., ..,..,... -.,..,..,... -,..,..,..,..,..,..,..,..,....,..,..,... -,..,..,..,..,.., -..,..,..,..,....,.. -,..,..,..,..,..

...,..,..,... - -.. - -,..,..,..,..,.,..,..,..,..,..,, O. Cazacu, S. Cleja-Tigoiu, E. Dekel, D. Durban, M.J. Forrestal, W. Goldsmith, S.J. -. Hanchak, A. Kumano, V.K. Luk, R. Masri, Z. Rosenberg, T.L. Warren. -.

..,..,..,,..,..,..,..,.. -,,..,.., G. Ben-Dor, A. Dubinsky, T. Elperin.,.,.

., 1.5 -.,., -,.,, - - -.

., - -.. - 13 - - -...,..,..,..,.. -,..,..,.

..,..,..,.., 1.6 1,.

..,..,..,.,.., 2..,.,.., -., - :..,..,..,.. -.,..,..,..,...,.. -..,,, -,,., -.

2.1..,,. r z, ( z),. [13], :

*.. - - u f g h, (1) t r z, p f1(, *)H( * - )H( 0 - ), (2) -. 1 sij sij = f22 p, (3) 2 ( ) - :

- v u u.,, u p sr r uv srz v2 p szz v srz vu u sr r f sr r, v sr r,. -, u 4 / 3 g 2 / szz u 2 / 3 v 4 / szz szz -,, usrz vsr z u srz, * *u *v.

*... - : 2324162 //. 2008. 13.

15 d u r fH, *;

f1 (4) d 2sr r szz u2 r fP, *, *.

d sr z vu r (4), s u v u v 4 2 srz u v sr r d u / r r r *.

3 3 r z z r r z h ( ), 2 4 s u v v u v szz d u / r srz u zz 3 3 r z r z r z p*, szz sr r u v u srz u v sr v z (4).

2 z r r z r z. d *u r,, d = 0, d = 1 -.

. [5, 14] [13], 4, 5 6.

,, n p* 2 *, p p00, M, p p1;

C1,, [7]. fP fH r w, p1 p p4;

* (1) *,p p00.

p C2 * a2 / 1 b p p4.

2,. - n [5] 1/, p1 50.. p1 10 ( = 1- 0/ ).

.

p4 100-200. [18] -,.... D U. D=A+BU, -2., ( ), -. ,.

[1] 101,,.. ( ) 1 2 (. 1, ),, [1, 4]., ( dp/d ).

... 3 2 2 r (w)={ (w), p(w)}=(1-w) r +3w(1-w) r +3w (1-w)r +w r 1 2 3 2.2 [4, 17, 19] fP,. 2 -, (2) ( 3. 1, ).

17 N 2 [7] * * > min.

F F F k k k k F* k = df2( )/d df (, *)/d, Vk, Fk , > 1..

,. 1,. < 1 f2(p),. (3) g, ( f2(p) f2 -1 + ( - -1), pk-1 p < pk, k = 1, N, ) = g /.

, Fk Fk* / Fk* <, .

* Fk F ( 0) i i k 1 = k, i = 0, 1,;

i i F ( k ) F ( 0) i .. 1 = 1. 1, k...,.. - F, k = k 1 > 1.

.., * [5],., [7].. [9, 10], ( 1, 2).

f2( ),.

f2(p) 2.3 [9] (3), Rm [4, 17, 19, 21].

F( ) = F*. (5) [10] (5),, F* = [F* - * ; F* + *], * ., = { Rm | F( ) F* }.

(5), *..,.....

19 |F( ) F^ |, ( k < k*, k = 1, N ) =1.08, = 0.23. [10], =1.097 0.056, =0.222 0.057 = 1.1, = 0.22.

F( ), F( )=[F^ ;F^+ ], F^ + = F*; (6) (6),,. uni = { Rm |, F* F* : F^ + = F* }, 3 tol = { Rm |, F* F* : F^ + = F* }.

. uni.., -,. tol,, * -2., [13].

, 3.1 [13],,,, [10] tol uni, [7]..

, (6), (3).

( ),. 3.2. :

,.

- ;

. 2, - ( ) 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 700 1000 /,.

. - f2, U/ t + A U/ r = 0,.

u 0 0 0 a2 c2,. 2, 0 u 1 0 (6).. = 0 a2 u 0 0, b2 /, 0 0 0 u ( = 0) c2 = dp/d, 0 0 0 b2 u., [9], *..,..,.......

21 U=U(1), r<0, U=U(2), r>0, U={,u,,, },, 300 %, t=2..

.,... 5, 1,5 u a, 2,4 u b, 3 u, (r, t)., = k(U) k 5.

. ( ) k-, ( ) k-, ( )...,,,,, ,, 1(U) 1(U(1))..

.

LU U + BU =,t,r 3.3 -, u 1 1 0 u -2. 1 0 0 c 1 3 1, A = [,,,, ]E, B = 3u.

1 0 0 c2 4 b2.., [5, 6, 14, 17, 18].

0 0 0 u u 3.4 [8, 20] 0 0 0 b, U={U,P,S,V,T}, E , .,., L . t-,..

I II,.. I II.,, (. 4).,..,... " " [8, 20].

, 4 [2, 3, 16].

,. 4.1 .... [14],,.

-.

. 3. 23 * [5] - 5.2,.

* -. 6, 50 ( ) ( ).. 5 - (Vk=120 / ).

[21] ( ).

. ( ) ( ). [6]..,..

[6] ,,,.

. 4.2. 6, [4, 17, 19],.

...

;.. 4.3 500, 350 250 /. [9, 10]. [21],.

5.3 [12]... 50-450 /.

5.,. 5.1 ** ( ),,.

.. [11] ( ) 5.4.

... [4],.

*..,..,...

** * 5.1........

25 * : (1) mVz Fz, mVx Fx, J M,. Fz, Fx Vz, Vx Fz,. Fx 3 ( z x z), , , m J .

, 4 [11]..

,, [11]., zO i, i 0, N. n+1.

. 5.5 - 2.2 :

N 1 N 1 1. [1], Fx.

Fz (t) (Fz0 2 Fzi FzN ) / 2N (t) (Fr0 2 Fri cos i FrN ) / 2N., i 1 i.., Fri, Fzi, i 0, N ,... N+1.

.,.

,.

. 1.,., :

,, -,.

t-,. 7 F. F t.. F0 0.5 0V0 R2 /V0, V0 =150 /, H / R 1/ cos tg, / 6. ;

(2) * -3...

27 -, - (, ) ;

.. ; - 50 - -, - ;

( - 50 ) -.

0.1-10 ; 5. 2. - :. -,, ; - - ( )., :

. - 3. : ;

- - (n 3), ;

- ;

-,,,.,,,.

, 6..

. 50-450 /, :

.

- ;

4. - - ;

. -.

:

-. 29, :

.

1...,..,..,..,.. // 7... 2001. 2.. 70-77.

:

2...,.. -, //. 2002.. 43. 4.. 139-149.

, 3...,.. ;

// -. 2003.. 43. 2.. 287-294.

4...,..,..,.., //.

2003.. 67. 4.. 686-697.

.

5...,..,..,.. //,. 2004.. 45. 4.. 147-153.

..,..

6...,..,.. -,, //. 2004.. 45. 5.. 140-150.

,..,..

,.... - 7... //....

,.... : -.. 66. 2004.. 123-127.

.

8...,..,.. //.... 2006..1.

50. [1-18] C.134-140.

, 9...,...

//,,. 2006.. 408. 3.. 333-336.

[1-12]. 10...,.. [4, 6] [8, //. 12] [1, 4-6].. 2008. 4..184-190.

, [2, 3] 11...,.., - //. 2008.. 434. 4.. 470-473.

, 12... [6, 9-12].

//.

... : -.. 70. 2008.. 123-131.

31 13...,..,..,..,..,.. //. 2000.. 40. 6.. 940-953.

14...,..,..,..,..,..,.. //. 2000.. 41. 3.. 155-162.

15... //..

.. : -. 2000.. 62.. 139-144.

16... //....

2001.. 1(3)..135-144.

17...,..,..,..,..,.. - //. 2001.. 42. 6.. 190-198.

18...,..,..,.. //.. 2002. 6..171-178.

19...,..,..,..,..,.. //. 2003. 5. C.104-112.

20...,.. //. V... 2004.. 25-29.

21...,.. // XVIII. /..... : -. -. 2007.. 15.

 >> 



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .