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Ca-eepypc ocyapce yepce

Ha npaax pyonucu pyea Eea Baepea TOHOCT TECTA, PE CC (a aepae pyccoo a) Ceaoc

10.02.19. eop a ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee oopa ooecx ay Ca-eepyp 2008 Paoa oea a aepe oeo oa ayea oo cycc Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo yepcea Hay ocya: oop ooecx ay, poeccop ace Ba opco Oae ooe: oop ooecx ay, poeccop ep Aecap Cepee oop ooecx ay, poeccop apa Ceaa Mxaoa oop ooecx ay, oe ypa o Hoaea Beya opaa: O BO Poccc ocyapce eaoec yepce . A.. epea aa cococ _________2009 . ___ aco a acea ccepaooo coea 212.232.23 o ae oopcx aacx ccepa p Ca-eepypco ocyapceo yepcee o apecy: 199034, . Ca-eepyp, epceca aepea, 11, ay. ___.

C ccepae oo oaoc Hayo oee . M. opoo Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo yepcea (Ca-eepyp, epceca aepea, 7/9).

Aopeepa paoca _________ 2008 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea oop ooecx ay, poeccop o .A.

Peeppyeoe cceoae oceo oecy poe, cax c yee ooc pyccoo eca, a ae e pey cca.

o ooc cca, coepeo pae a ep , a ee oaac (a ce e aoeco ap) eco ca py c pyo. o pae epe, e cca eooe, ec ec e oaa oo cee ooc, ooe peypoa opeee a opa e ccox oep.

ooc, a eco, oaae o ec a ececeo e: oa a e opa paaec eoopao. B epaype oo a cee o cpee ooc eca; oo, o ae o pa a oapya cyecey oc 50-55%. Oopeeo yaaec, o cee ooc eec acoc o a cooe (ca aee, cce, oecoe poeee ..)1. Te e aop pay oecey epy ooc cey opao: o (.e. ypoe ooc 55 % E..) a, o ae ec yo 55 % pooo pax ax e cooe, o oo c pao oe oo2.

cceoae ooc o oopeeo yee yuoao apyu pax eeo cpyyp eca. Ec ceoa poeyc e yaa aopo Oe pop, o aoee ecece y cepeaoo ye ooc ycpaee cooecyx eeo eca aa oee ocee a p occaoe oyex eeo.

B oo o ooc co, o-oy, oe onpeccuu (cca) o pae epe, p aoee pacpocpao eo paoe. opecc axo, acoc, a ca ypee pe, oa, o .C. Bocoy, cooee coc aopy peao c oye apyea. Ec oaea a opecc ec ecee a co eoopo eo ( cyea cooe) occaaaeo opa, o ooc, a caao, ec yoee cocoo epea opa;

oo caa, o ec opecc oo yc oopeo a opeeo ca papa (apoa) cooe, o ooc coeo poa pacoeoc epecax apecaa cooe.

poecc, xoe oopoo aop eca coa ooe (o eoopo epao op), a ae (pee) cae ooe, po ec cxoo oe, . ya c coaopa aa aooppee oo. ae o poecc aaec peyue, ycoe eo poea ec ooc.

ya, . Oa popa / . ya, . e, .-M. eep p M., 1986. C. 75.

Ta e.

He oepa pe ao pao o pey, oo peo pyoe eo ooae (oe oy, oopoe axo, apep, paoax A.E. pa): pey o e oeaee occaoe pae eeo ceaeco ac p epexoe o cca ecy.

pepo oy cy e (apep, apac ya), e ape a aae acc, .e. acce ocpy c ae ooee3. B ao cyae pa oe opa o aece: xo ooae cooecyeo aoa c eoxooc peoaae pcyce aeca, opa o aece accx ocpyx pao e oe paea. Pey ( yaao cce) ceye oa o uncuca, o oop yeco oa oecoe ycpaee (oyee) ex x eeo caa, eca;

ae ee e ca oea occaoe. Boccaoee ocyecec a ocoe umoocmu. ae oop, oooc cca opeeec ooc, a ae cca cae ypoe ooc.

Ayaoc cceoa. Ha aepae pyccoo a acax cceoa, ocx ye ooc eca, e oee peeo eca pax apo, pax oyax o, acoo a eco, o cx op poeeo e o.

o acaec cca, o oceee pe epec eo ye opoc. pee ceo o cao c pae cacecx eop, o, acoc, opaoc oe oopaecx cceoa a y ey (c., apep, pao M.B. eoa, S. Dentler, A. Lobeck, Marjorie J.

McShane, S. Nariyama, H. Ortner p.), a ae eoo pa cae. Cypye cceoa o oac opyca ca. Ta, o coa cacec aopoae opyca aaac a poey pae yex ao eo cca acoc (c., apep, pao . apoea, . Xea; .M. oycacoo, .. oa; M.B. ooea, .. ypa p.). peaae acoe paoe oxo papae e pey cca paox aao oe ocpeoa p cocae opyco caceco aopoa eco.

aoe cceoae poeeo a aepae eco pax o apo (paoop ce; cpe cex ay, xyoece ae), o ae pecaec aya copeeo cya, cao c pca yee eca a cecoo oea eo ceo eco pax o acoc.

e cceoa y (oeceo aeceo) poe ooc ceoo eca, a ae cc paox aao copeeo pycco e.

oa, A.. ao ya ooeco ocee / A.. oa, .A. Hy.

M., 1997.

ocee yaao e peoaao peee eoo pa eopeecx paecx aa. Cpe ocox aa ao ceye:

1) papaoa cepeae poeyp ye ooc cca;

2) paoa eo opao cepeaoo aepaa pep oe cepeax peyao;

3) poaapoa po e coa ooc eca;

4) paccope po pe coa ooc eca;

5) po opooecoo ycpoca pycco cooop coa ooc eca;

6) po aaa oa coa coa ooc eca;

7) opee acoc ey cee ooc o eca;

8) papaoa pep papae pax p ocyc a oepxoco-caceco ypoe ace oaex aox aeoce;

9) c, ac acoa cca oo oo aaa o aeocoo / eco-paaecoo acco aoa;

10) eppoa ae, oyee cepee, c oo opycx ax;

11) cooca oyee peya cca paox aao pycco e c epayp a o py a.

Oe cceoa. Cceaec opaac opycy pyccoo epaypoo a (coa aopaop oepoa peeo eeoc Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo yepcea, o 1 . cooyopee), eocpeceo cceoa: a) epe eca pax o (oo o 170 o 190 cooyopee), eoppoae pa cocoa, (ooe) oeee ocee a o occaoe x eco; ) opoe cye caa c aoa aaoo cca cooacox aoo, a ae caa c e e aoa, ee opyca pyccoo epaypoo a (www.narusco.ru).

pee cceoa ooc, cc, pey.

Maepao cceoa cy ec a pycco e. Tec, a pepe oopx yaac ooc, oocc cey a:

1) aya ca (cepa cxoo), 2) ycec ec (aaeca ca aee), 3) xyoece ec (ap pacca) 4) paoop ec (pacpoa yc ooo).

Ocoo ceye caa o pax cooa paoopoo eca a oe pex pyx cex eco. cepeaoo cceoa o oooc opac pae eco: paoop ec (oooecoo xapaepa) cy coeo poa oo px pyx (cex) eco. B o e pe opae peoa pee aepaa coe: ce ec ( o ce paoop) pec cye ceo e.

Opaoa 290 874 ecoe ca, peoee cye ecax poyca; oee 22 250 opox cye caa oee 12 c oeco, ex opaoaoo opyca pyccx eco.

Bc cceoae apyec a cepeax ax. Ocoo eo cceoa cxocec cepe. cepeaoe yee ooc cca poooc a aa.

ep a cceoa ca c cepe ayapx cepeo.

epe a eca eoppoac o cey pa: 1) yac e caa ( epax ayaoo ee peoe);

2) yac pa pe caa; 3) yaoc aoe ecoe coo;

4) yac cooeee ope. aoy y cepea cooecoa opee eopa.

poe oo, cepe aoo a pooc yx oax:

c coxpaee/yaee ao pea. cepe, oopo yac cooeee ope, pooc epex oax, e oopx ca c epecaoo/coxpaee opa ceoa caa yp eca.

Bopo a cceoa apyec a cepee, xoe oopoo cyee opoa opoe caa c a aoo aaoo epe. B xoe oo cepea a peeo aaa c aecee oecee xapaepc cca paox aao. cc aoo poa oe aa xapaepca oo a.

eco, o o oo, a peaec opoc o cce paox aao, o oo ac paoa cayca oeoo caa c poyco oo oo aaa, eo acca a aaex oococax peoe.

poe oo, oyee a aepae opoax caa xapaepc cca poepe y opae aaoy ( cpocaoy) opye ex e aoo peeax caa cx ecax (a ac pao a poeea a aepae opyca pyccoo epaypoo a).

Cee o cyex. Bce cepe, a oope opaec aop acoe cceoa, poee 2001-2003 . . Caeepyp, epeoe poca. B aece cyex cy cye pa yo (Pocccoo ocyapceoo eaoecoo yepcea . A.. epea, Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo yepcea, Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo yepcea oo aco, Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo apxeypo-cpoeoo yepcea, Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo yepcea yyp cycc, Pocccoo ocyapceoo poeeopooecoo yepcea, epeoeoo ocyapceoo yepcea, epeoeoo ceo oeoo cya paoepo, pocaco ocyapceo eco aae), cpex execx yex aee (epeoeoo eaypecoo oea), a ae yaec capx acco (o 241 Caeepypa, o 16 . epeoa).

Bceo poeeo 28 (o)o cepea, oopx p yace ooo 3000 eoe; p o ao (o)e cepea yacoa o 90 o 110 eoe.

ooe, oce a ay:

1. ooc eca ec cyeceo xapaepco oo eca a ececeo e, cyae exao apa pa cooe eo apecaa. Hoce a (ocoaeo) ae opae o eoxoo (opao) ypoe ooc eca, cooeceo e oo oee, o oee oo ypo e yxye ocp eca. cc ee oeco ecoc oocc cy exao oe ooc eca.

2. ooc eca, a ae exa epoocoo (oecoo) poopoa paoa oo epe oo p yco occeoc cooe pey eo coc.

3. Oa ooc eca caaec cooyoc pax o ooc (ax, a ceaeca, ececa, paaeca, paeca p.). B acoc o a eca eo oa ooc oe caac a c pax cocax. Ta, o ce ec pooocae paoopoy: cex ecax cpeca coa ooc cocpeooe pee ceo cax ecax (a e xapaepcax oeca, a oec eepa). paaeca ooc o opeee e cex ecax. B o e pe ypoe ececo ooc paoopo ayo ece oe e, e oee caapx xyoeceo aeo ecax.

4. Ba eaecx eeo (o cpae c peaec) oy ooc eca oaaec oee ae. C o pe ooc yoao-ccoa apyeoc coa ece (eo xoee eaecy peaecy ac) opao aee aa paeoc coa oy oy acepeoy accy. Ece cee ec ao, oop oe xopoo pecaac coxpa caa aaa. ao ace o eo aa apy ca c oppoae ooc.

5. cc paox aao oaaec oo eo aoap ooc, oeceaeo ceao aoa, ececo ae oopoo coepac yaa a co oox yaco ocaeo cya.

6. cc oa oox p ocyc a oepxoco ypoe aaa, cooecyeo oaeo ceaeco aeoc. B ce yx pyx p ceye paccapa pey oeca. Ec cc o oecoe cyaooe oyee ex x eeo caa, oope oy occaoe, o pey o oa cya apea a cacecoe paee oo oo (ceaecoo) apyea. B cya oeca oop epye co paeo opae o oaeo yace cya (oopa a ae c pao pcycye ceae caa a c ececoo ae aoa) yoy oyao oo opa, paaeo eoae ceaec cpyypo ooeo.

cc oeca oc epooc, a pey ece ( ocpy aoo a) xapaep.

7. cy ocox pepe oc ceye ooc ceye: 1) ae cooocx ocpy (ox eox, ecx), 2) oeceoc ceaeco / cceco eppea cooocx ocpy.

8. Cpeca coa ooc a e, a paa cca pey, oc oec xapaep. B ce ceecx ao coae ooc eca a pycco e axoc paa ea opoo (o-paoy cooocac c exaa coacoa ypae) opoooece epeoa.

9. Pycc oocc cy o, oopx aco oycac ep pe aa. Oyee epoo aaa pycco e oe peaepoac a paa cca, a poo pacpocpa paa pey. Peoc oye opoo aaa (pee ceo epexox ocpyx), o-oy, oc oee yepca xapaep, e oyee epoo aaa.

10. cc paox aao ooe aoap ecopaaecoy oecy, ooy paa poa aao paax opoaoo caa paax coo eca oaaec ecyeceo.

Haya oa cceoa opeeec cao ocaoo e cceoa peee aece ocooo aepaa pao ax, oyex cep ayapx cepeo, a ae cepeo a opoee caa c ep aoo ca aax. B paoe epe a opo paoopao cepeao aepae paccope cpeca coa ooc eco pax o a pycco e. oaaa po pax e cpyyp eca (e, pe, co o o acepeo paeoc, cooeex ec, opoooecx e) coa eo ooc.

B cy oo o ooec oy cyeceo oac py o pya, a, a peoaaec, cpe oaae ooc eca a o e cocae oy y e ey (50-55 %), cpeca coa o e pax ax oy pa. Beo, o ce ceecx ao coae ooc eca a pycco e axoc paa ea opoo opoooece epeoa.

Ha opo cepeao aepae poaapoa ec epex o (paoop, xyoece, ay ae) c o pe a aecex, a oecex pa ooc paoo poa (ececo, caceco, opooeco ..).

C oo cepea e cpae cyex opeee e caa.

Copa opaoa op cepea opyc aepa, eocppy pacpocpaoc/epacpocpaoc e cca oo oo paooo aaa. peoea eop, caa c papaee px exao eaoe oaex aox aeoce: pey, cc oeca. oaao ece x exao a pepe caa c cooaco aoa epe.

pecaea eoa cecoo aaa e paeo a oepxoco ypoe oaeo ceaeco aoo aeoc. C peee opycx ax a ocoe ceao poeeoo cepea oapyea acoa oye (poa) aoo oox paox aao a aepae 89 cooacox pyccx aoo pex aeocx acco.

Teopeeca aoc cceoa aaec oceoaeo papae ceaecoo, opooecoo cacecoo ypoe p ye cca paox aao cex c e. peoea eop, caa c papaee px exao eaoe oaex aox aeoce (pey, cc oeca). Ha pecaeo aepae oye oecee ae o ooc eco pax o o cce paox aao copeeo pycco e. oea oo oococax peoe copeeo pycco e. Oapye cpae opeee e caa ( epax ayaoo ee peoe) pycco e. Bea po pax eeo cpyyp eca coa eo oe ooc. C oo cxocecoo cepea oye oecee ae o cce paox aao, o oe cooao paccope pyccoo a ooeco epcee. cepeae ae eppoac y opae opaoaoy opycy pyccx eco. oceoaeoe peee peoex paoe pepe papae pax p ocyc aoe oaex aeoce a oepxoco-caceco ypoe ooo oapy poee o oac cea aox ocpy.

paeca aoc cceoa oycoea oooc cooa eopeece ooe, aepa peya ooecx paoax o ccy ooc, papaoe cacec aopoax opyco; ocpoe yocx ypco ceypco o eop a, o caccy opoo pyccoo a, o eop eca cecoy aay eca.

Apoa pao. Ocoe eopeece ooe ccepa ocyac a aceax aep oeo oa Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo yepcea (2001-2003, 2007 .), a acea ayoeoooecoo ceapa p aepe pyccoo a oeo oa epeoeoo ocyapceoo yepcea (2004, 2008 .), a acea ceapa Bocpe pe paax eepypcoo cecoo oeca (2005 .). Aop cya c oaa a ayx oepex, o ce eyapox, Ca-eepype: eeoa ooeca oepe (2001-2006, 2008 .), eoe y a: poe ae (2002 .), Coo. Coap. Coecoc: oo a ( 250e co poe A.C. oa) (2004 .), Coo. Coap. Coecoc: pooo yyee ( 225-e A.X. Bocooa) (2006 .), Coo.

Coap. Coecoc: eepypc ec pycc aaa XXI ea (20.), opyca ca (2004, 2006 .), paa ca aye opaoa (2006 .), Haye e eepypcoo cecoo oeca (2003-2004, 2006 .), Moce: oepa ca eeyae exoo (2005-2006 .); epeoe: oa-ceap opoee ocpe pe (2003-2008 .); ece: poeccoao oya (2003 .).

Cpyypa pao. Paoa coco ee, yx ace, opaoax o e aa, ae.

Bo ee copypoaa poea, oocoaa ayaoc e, yaa oe pee cceoa, ocaa eoa pao, pecae cee o cyex, copypoa e aa pao, opeee ee aya oa, paeca eopeeca aoc, opaea ee cpyypa.

B aax epo ac moocm mecma u e uepeue (cnepuemaoe ucceoaue) ocooe ae yeeo ye aa paopox ox eeo cpyyp eca coae eo cyapo ooc. C oopo a cepeae ae opoo paccopea po e, pe, acepeo paeoc coa, opooecoo ycpoca pycco cooop cacecx cpyyp coa ooc eca, a ae pecae eoope paccye ooceo oapyaeoo coooe ey o eca cee eo ooc. poe oo, oea aa ocea oca cxocecoo cepea a opeeee e ( epax ayaoo ee peoe).

B px aax opo ac uncuc npuaox amamo pycco e aapyc oecee aecee xapaepc cca c oopo a eop, cay c papaee px exao eaoe oaex (ceaecx) aeoce (pey, cc oeca). Tae peoe eoope eopeece cec aoo oxoa, cae, acoc, c epecopo oo oococax peoe pycco e.

aa ace peapec o aea, oopx coepc oop epayp paa cop ye epaoo ao ac o.

B ae ooc oe o cceoa.

opa coep 296 aeoa.

Paoa caea poee, coepa cxoe ec; cepea aepa, c oop paoa cyee, a ae oecee cee o cce cex c ex o aoy aoy, oyee a ocoe cepea peyae aaa opycx ax.

O o ccepaooo cceoa 473 cpa. Paoa coep 125 a (e ca poe).

O Beee poe caapx pyp (ayaoc, e, aa p.), o ee opoo oea eoa cepeao pao, a ae ao paoe ocae opyca pyccoo epaypoo a (P), ocoy cyecea ac ccepaooo cceoa oea a eo aepae.

P coac aopaop oepoa peeo eeoc (ay pyooe aopaop . o. ., po. B.. ace) p aepe oeo oa Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo yepcea. Aop peeppyeo ccepa ec o papaoo opyca.

ac I. ooc eca e epee (cepeaoe cceoae) Boe aea. oe ep umoocm, ecop a ocaoo acoe yopeee epaype, e oocc cy ycoxc ce. B cecx paoax coo umoocm yopeec yx pax aex. Pa oa ooc caoc oe p cpae x oeco yopee cooecyeo coa. Ta, oa oop o umoocmu moo uu uoo eema, eoo aa aee oo coa oeo ooe, e y, o o o ee ec , ey. B oecax e umoocm mecma, umoocm a (a oa) o coo coyec e oeox aeop popeae cayc epa.

o ceecy P.O. ocoa, oe ooc a poao cy paoe pe: ep pa o ee eoa oo po pop, opo pa ye a ooc eop c. B eop c, a ae ce ooc caa paccapac a eoxooe ycoe, oeceaee aea p opa apecao.

B peeppyeo paoe oe ooc coyec oo c c e cya, oa oa a e opa ece aopoaa c oo a y yx pax eeo.

B ae 1 Cpae ocee a opeee e caa opoo oca xo peya cepea (ycoo aaoo ooe), o opeee e caa.

ooe cepe peecoa cep ayapx cepeo, oao ca o cee ayap e c; e eo poee aaac o, o oy o cyex (ax ocee4 a) cee o ooy e peeax aoo caa cae.

B ae pecaeo eopeecoe oocoae ocoa oea aoo cepea. eco, o ax, oopx ec ceae apep aeop ayaoo ee, appye eeo caa acoo oce cyae oaaec mea (a e pea).

o ( o ce pyccoo), oopx e opax oaaee e caa, xapaepo ocyce x pepe ee ocee. B o e pe peao peeo eeoc oce a e pya poo (ocoaey) oepa e / ee ( acoc o a peeo eeoc: opoee ocpe pe) oo oo eea caa a po e. ace cepea oycoe eo e, o pycco e e opax pepe, o oop oo o ooao opee ey caa.

O opae py cepo-cacco c poco oepy ey caa peoex ecax oaa, o coac ey e aaec.

B xoe cepea aoy cyeoy peac oa apa eco cpy, oopo peaaoc oepy peoex ey. B apy oceoaeo oec ec pepo oaooo oa ope o y: paoop ae ay xyoece. B ae aa opoa xapaepca aoo eca oeoc coocae py c pyo.

B cpy cooaoc, o ce po e peoe ey pey. p o ococ, o ea o coo ( coeae co), ooaaee pee, ee .., oopoy oceo peoee (o oopo oopc peoe); eocppoac pep, oopx aece e cya a paaec o-paoy oopee coa, a coea co.

Haoc caac c oao o pee yac cepee ooo.

B ae oeaec, o ecop a ooe xapaep yaaoo cepea, eo peya peca caocoe epec. B acoc, peeo epeca paoe ocy cpae , oop pyoocoac oce a opeee e caa.

o a cepea, ey cpae opeee e caa c cpae opa oeaeo, ooa cpae cpae oaa o opa ecoe a po e. ooe cpae oo ca cpae opa a po e e coceoo cpae ee aoee opaoo coa. oce aax cpae oapyea ceo a aepae paoopoo eca.

a eco, pycco paoopo e cyecy cpyyp, ceao peaaee pae e (ycoo ee e).

Tae cpyyp oaa, a y, y paa: 1) a pao, o aa ay o caa, 2) ae coa-e cacec oococ, .e. e xo cacecy cpyypy peoe5. B pao cepea paoopo ece o pecaeo ecoo caa c ee e. oo, o cyee c o pe ocaeo epe aa a ae cpyyp peapoa aeao: oe coac o ooy eeoo e coca ea e cay coy ey.

B epaype cyecye ee, o poecce opeee e caa cacec cayc oo oo eea oaaec aee, e oo. Oac peya poeoo a cepea coacyc c a yepe. Oao, a oaao peeppyeo paoe, cyee cooa e oo oo eea a po e pye cpae. B pe cyae cpae opa oeaeo a po e oa oaea pyo cpaee (apep, cpaee oaa o opa ecoe a y po).

aa 2 Po e coa ooc eca ocea cepey, xoe oopoo eco yae coa-e; cye peaaoc ao poyc. Coa-ea pa e coa, ooceo oopx aaoc acaoe coace cyex peapeo (ooeo) cepee.

Paoa oea coac oy, o oa ooc eca oe coaac o ce a c eaecx eeo, ocoy ea pecae coo oeco y ac caa. o yo peooee, o p yae eeo-e peo cc ypoe ooc opa ece.

coa yco oo cepea aoo eca, c oop cyee paoa xoe ooeoo cepea, pa eoB pycco epaypo e ec coe ocpy c eee e, ae oopo mo acaemc; mo o.

op pae. Opeeee e a op paea oaa aoee coe oaae coac e eeo a po e a ao yace eca. poe oo, pae oe yoeop peoa aoceaoc, .e. peca coo eoc, ooceo aep ec. B peyae oye ec oo o 170 o 1cooyopee, oope pec cye o cex ocox ayapx cepeax.

B xoe eaeco aya aoo eca o yaeo o 5 o 11 % paecx co acoc o a eca.

B ae eec pae, oc pa opao cepeax ax. Paac ceye pep opao a aaex cao: oe coae (peoaa yaae ece c ooc o cooop caceco y), ccoe coae (cye occaaae c oo oo oo coa ayapoae ece-opae ce, p o coo-caa oe e coaa co coo-opao e oo a ypoe ece, o a ypoe acepeo paeoc), opooece coae (cya coae ae cooeex aeop), cacece coae (cya coae a ypoe eo peoe), a ae oa o oeo.

B cepee epo oa (c coxpaee ao pea c yaae a eco poyca) oao cac e e aoe poe. o acaec opo oa cepea (c yaee ao pea p ocyc yaa a eco poyca), o oa ec paccapac oo. C oo copo, ec cya, oa cye a e oapya eco poyca, .e. e ca aoo coa e yaa a oooe oyee aoo-o coa o ece. C pyo copo, oeo paccapac cya, oa cye oapya eco poyca, o e peaa aoo-o apaa eo aoe.

B paee, oco aay peyao cepea, oeaec, o eo aoo oeoo coa-e aac ooo coe oaae occaoe ccoo ooe.

Xye ceo occaaac ea cocee (ocoeo oyype), oaoe cyecee, oope, a eco, cooocc co cpae poo. Caec, o e oe apyeo pecaeo, e ee occaaaec pea6. B cyae c oao cyece ee eo co cpoeo pooe. ooy e ce ooe apye (ceaecoo) peaa oaac cpoa caa. pecaee apye paac p cpa poo aoo a ( coac c pacopao paa pyccoo a) opo opeeoo aea (apep, poeoo), oopa oeao oe e ecoo eppea (apep, aey/aey).

Peya cepea oaa, o oec coep oy aceu, B.. Ceaa. Cacc. Mopoo / B.. ace. M., 1988. C. 61.

epy opa (cee ypo ooc eca peyae eo eaeco eopa e peco opooo e), o eo ooe cye o cc eca peo aeae ca.

B ae paccapac peya opo oa cepea, e yae a pea e oaac eca poyco. p cpae eco oapyac e e ee pacpeee ax o ccooy occaoe: ye ceo o oaac paoop ec, xye ceo ay.

oo, o epco cooopo a cpeco peaa oyaoo ee caa a ooo co ypoe ooa peeax coo eca, o, o-oy, ceecye o cyecoa ocox oyax cpae pycco pe7, a ae o o, o ooc eca opeeoo a ooe cye oee eee aeao occaaa e oo ocoo ece cc, o ooee (yaooe) cc, paaee opo ceoa cooop eo e.

Oco epec peca a aaee oe oa o opo oa cepea. B oe o oao epo oa cepea, e oa oaae e oy peoo, aoe coo ec poyeo, o oa o opo oa oaae, o cye e poyca. p oo oy ca c e, o o o pae eca pecaec ey o opaoo ocao, eoc, o e, aoopo, eccce, eccpyyp. Paccapa oa ao paypce, oeae e e oe ee c o pe x aoc peeax caa / eca.

Ta, ea oaaoc ocyce, c oo copo, oxo pecayex eeo caa: o-epx, paoo poa ocoe (oe coa, yoe e peoe p.), o-opx, eeo, e xox cpyypy cxey peoe (cpoca opeee). C pyo copo, co eeo, ocyce oaaec ea, oaa oaee cpyypo ooe ee, oope o paa poa pycco e opeeo oece oy oye. Bao oa, o oo pyo cyax oaooy oepxocoy peyay (oop oeae epax e a oc cyeoo) po pae ypee exa: epo cyae cye e poyca, , ceoaeo, oyea opa a e cpyec (oo caa, o oa eo oepa); o opo cyae peoaaec, o cye oy (ca) oyey opa, o e , oao e cae eoxo ec e a oepxoc ypoe, .. o cyae peocae op.

C., apep, o, T.E. oyae cpae pycco pe / T.E. o. M., 2001.

cepe, oca oopoo ocea aa 3 Po pe coa ooc eca, ocpoe o o e cxee, o cepe c yaee e, oo a o pa aoo eca yae pa pe.

B ae oocoaec peee ya pa pe, a e c pey eo. oaa oecee pa oepe opa o eca p yae epx peaecx eeo. B acoc, paoopo ece ( oe o pyx px eco) poe yax co coca y ey, o cao co ceo paoopoo eca, oycoeo eo e peaoc. B ao cyae eec y, o paoopo pe ea caa oe aco cyao eca ooy epao e paaec. ocoy cpec oy, o oopae cepeao poeyp ec oaoo , co peaecx eeo paoopo ece oaaoc pecayeo , e pyx px ecax (a c epaex eeo-e).

Cooca peya occaoe cye eco c ocycy eaec eea, c oo copo, peaec c pyo, peoaa, o oapyee o o opeec pao yoao apyeoc yax eeo. p o a oy oaac e oo aecee, o oecee oaae. Oeaec, o peyae peaeco aya ce ec ocpaa cpee a paa cee, e p yae x e eco eeo-e.

Peya oaa, o cyae yae epx peaecx eeo paoop ec eo aoo xye o, ee cyae yae eo e eaecx eeo. Tao peya oe oeae eop, coaco oopo eaece ee cooecy pepoyo copoe peeoo poecca, a peaece cooeceo poyo8.

o acaec cpae cex eco eo, o pa pe (a e, a ea) xye ceo occaaac ayo ece. poe oo, ay ec oapyae cxoco c paoop eco o, o eocppye peoe oe oaaee occaoe, c oo copo, eeo-e, c pyo copo eeo-pe.

Oa apa (o, o peya peaecoo cepea xye peyao eaecoo cepea) oe pecayea. Bypee p xyeo occaoe ep pe o ce ooe pep ooopa: o ceao-oyae p (yeoe ccooe occaoee oo opa, e oopec ece, oxo pecayeo), p coceo paaece oe o eeo-e, oe ac pacpocpaxc cepe e, oopex, a pao, ee / e aeo a C., apep: aoa, T.H. Pe eoea oe / T.H. aoa, H.. aoa, .A. aecoa. M.: Haya, 1989. C. 90.

ax eye o peoe, aece ep pe oy cya cae paoopae ac pe; cepe e po pe oe oopc aeo; peoe pa pe ooo aco aa ayae o. oceee aeae o caceco ayaoc ocoeo po pooc o opo oa cepea, e ocycoao pyeoe occaoee e yaa a eco poyca.

B oax ae oeaec, o xapaep yaeoo eca eea e a cee eo occaoe: cy o cey, ooc eca peayec a eaecx eeax oe cee, ee a eeax peaecx. ocoy ooc eca po a oa apyec a oope oo o e opa, a eaece ee aeoo ae, e peaece, ca c oopo o o e, o a eaecx eeo (o cpae c peaec) oy ooc eca oee ae.

aa 4 Po acepeo paeoc co ayaoo ee peoe coa ooc eca ocea oca cepea a cloze tests, xoe oopoo eca yaoc aoe ecoe coo. aaa oo cepea aaac pee ceo o, o eppoa ae, oyee eex cepeax c yaee eeo-e eeo-pe.

B epo paee peeppyeo a pecaea paa cop cooa eo cloze tests.

ocoy cepeae ec opoa a, o x exaec yaoc aoe 6-e coo, o ce yax o oaac coa o ac pe. B ae opoo paccapaec opoc o oooc cyecoa acoc ey acepeo paeoc yax co cee x occaooc.

Maepa cepea oaa ae ee yeo occaoe aoo (a oco eo aeo, ayo xyoeceo ecax). pao y apy a o oe ae paoop ec, e aaec oo pap ey occaoee cyecex aoo oy cyecex. Paee ye oeaoc, o cy ocoeoce paoopoo eca ooe aoo eca acoc oocc eo peaoc (epaopecaeoc ece e pe oy pe). ocoy eo ao oo ec oyao epo caa, cyae ocyc caa co paeo e ya peaec ao oxo occaaaec.

B oex paeax pecae peya ye occaoe co acoc o x acepeo paeoc, o a cepea c yaee e cepea c yaee pe. Ta, peaeco cepee ape oaa co aye (o cpae c py ac pe) occaaaex co. oyaec, o ec po pe ec coo-apee, o oo ye occaaaec, ye pecaaec oeco, ee coa-pa pe, paee py ac pe.

pya oo paea o cex epx ecax ee axyee occaoee paaex. coa, ec po pe paeo ee paae, o oo ee ae ac aeao occaoe.

Ha ep , ae po pooooe peya o y eoopx ooex cxo ac pe paaeoy ape cpao: coa o, pyo ac pe c opeee (paa pa) cacec ac a epo x ypoe ee. C pyo copo, epaype9 oeaec, o cpe ape ec p peaecx co, .e. ax, oope cea oyao ooe o caa y pe. Ta opao, ca yoaa ppeoc ape ooae cye occao apee coa aypoax o peaecoy pay ecax. o acaec paaex, o, o a peaecoo cepea, ax ycox o pae peo occaaac aeao ccoo ooe. Pee ce coca e cya, oa cooe paaeoe ye o cooao paee ece.

ocoy oo cax oex cpec coa ooc, a ae coc eca oop ece, paoe coocac peya ccooo occaoe c yo oo, cpeaac yaa ea paee ece.

Bo-epx, opaae a ce ae o a, o ay c oopo peece oe ceo eaeco cepee. B o e pe o aooepoc, cao c yyee aeca ccooo occaoe acoc o yee ca ececx oopo ece, e aaec. Ta, o po paoe a, oe ceo ay c oopo o xyoeceo ece (56 %), a ee ceo aeo (19 %), oao peya ccooo occaoe x ecax oao, p o ye ceo occaoe paoop ec, e co ay c p ecec oopo aeo ycyae aooy ece xyoeceo.

Ec cpa peya occaoe, c oo copo, eeo c ecec oopo peece , c pyo copo, eeo e oopa, o oceoaeo e oaac peya occaoe eeo c oopo o ce ep eca oo o cepeao pee, e yaac ea caa.

p aaoo opaoe aepaa, oyeoo yx pyx cepeax peax (p yae ep pe p yae aoo ecoo coa), a ee e oapyaec. Oao oyee peya oce e ceecy o o, o ecec oop e caaec a ccoo ocp eca. a eoopao oeaec paoe, a oc C., apep: o, T.E. oyae cpae pycco pe / T.E. o. M., 2001.

caoee yao e oy oaa e cae paoopae aop.

Bo-epx, aaa pa pae ec (paoc eco poec e oo x coepa, o c o pe poco/cooc cacca, ececoo paoopa, co p.). Boopx, poe poo ececoo oopa, ooc peayec c oo oopa ceaecoo. Hapep, paoopo ece epx yx caax p oopec cc 'coaa', pae pe pa ecea coaa, (ucnacu) nye, eo10. B o e pe ayo ece eoope oopec ece pacooe a aeo pacco py o pya, apep coocoeae ycmeoe ompaeue pecaeo ece caaa epo, a ae oo aeo, eo, caa. B ae oeaec, o poe exaa ooc, p ocp eca paoae exa oeco pecayeoc, ece oopoo oe aeo yya peya occaoe o o e.

aea ac peeppyeo a ocea cceoa occaaaeoc co cepee a cloze tests acoc o xoe y y aeop ayaoo ee peoe.

Bce ce coa ycoo pacpeee o p acca acoc o x oyao-paaeco apyeoc: a) ee, xoe coca e caa; ) ee, xoe coca pe caa; ) ee, e xoe ca o cee coca e, coca pe (cyee ac pe a coo, ox co).

Pacpeeee cx eeo o p aeop ayaoo ee o cex ecax cooecye oo o e aooepoc: ce ax eeo peoaa peaece, ee ceo eeo, e xc cpoo cce coa eo, peo; ee-e aa cpey o. Hecoo eec o ooe paoop ec, e co yax eeo-e eeo e, pe coaae.

B eo apa oe paoooo. ocoy p yae aoo n-o coa pecae coo coeo poa pec aay oe11, o oyaeoe peyae pee oo exaecoo pa yae pacpeeee e pe opaae ee ecoe aooepoc. C o pe paoo cca peaecx eeo Cp. aeae .. Apeca: ec ceaec ca, ec ececx aex cacec cax co ec oopec ccoe ooe;

ec oo ap cacec cax py c pyo co o pao e coeo, ec ceaec e ca (Anpec, .. pae py. T. 1: ececa ceaa: coece cpeca a / .. Apec. M.: oa pycco yyp, 1995. C. 15).

Cxeaec epeoae pecaex yax co ece oo opa cey opao: O-O-O-O-O-X-O-O-O-O-O-X-O-O-O-O-O-X-O-O-O-O-O-X .., e O pecaeoe ece coo, X yaoe coo.

(a pa epep) a yo oo ece oe, ..

eo pa peaeco opa opoaec caae; eaece e ee pa ycao ey oe ae, o ooy oopoo ac oa, ayaa apecaa opa. o acaec cyex eeo, o o oc ece o epe eoxooc aece oopee. Ta opao, pacpeeee exaec yax eeo o aeop ayaoo ee oe ceecoa o ocoeocx opeoo eca.

Haaec po paea ee (e xapaepa paoopoo eca), aaac o, o ye ceo occaaac ee, e ec eo, peo, a opo ece eee, xye ceo pocxo ooae eeo-pe. Paoop ec peo apyae y ee: acao xopoo occaaac eaece ee, a peaece cyee ee co ae opo a pepo oao ypoe ooa.

B paoopo ece ce cx eaecx eeo o peoaa ecoe, paec ce o a ae ca c ooaee ao e eca. ae ecoe o ece aaopecy y, a ea, paea , ec oeco oycoeo.

Cpe cyex eeo, e xox coca e, coca pe caa, o-oy, cyecye co paa pecayeoc:

e oee peyp12 xapaep oc oa ea, e ye oa occaaaec (a pa aoaa). poe oo, coo pecayeoc oaa ooe paoo poa cocax ocpy, oope oo paccapa aece paeoopoaoo oeca.

Bo opo oa cepea aece aopo, apyx occaoee oyex eeo, cya a ooceo eacx yco: ocyce ao pea ocyce yaa a eco poyca, poee ocyc cya pyeoo occaoe. B paoe yaec opoc o cee aoo aopo a cya. oaao, o ocyce ao pea ceo ece a pycco e e ec cep pece cyex ocee a: a pea ooo eo occaaac. Ec e ca coe peoae o coe pa caa, o, o pae epe, pa ay ooac cye aeao acoo oce cyae.

Peoe cee peyao occaoe o opo oa o cpae c epo opayec a c pyoo aopa, a eo a c ocyc yaa a eco poyca. coa, opeex paeax eca cyee e oya ao-o exa co, ocpa pae a ocaoe, eoce , ceoaeo, a x e oea.

Pe pee ceo o opoopaoaex oaaex.

cy eeo eca, ocyce oopx poo acao eaee cyex, paea paoo poa oe ocpy, ac, opeee, cpoca, c, a ae poe.

B oax ae oeaec, o eo yaee opa o py ce aoo ecoo coa e caaec aacpoec a oa eca: oee 50 % cao, peoex cye, c ccoo ooe aea. ooc eca oeca pecayeoc oecea eoxo ypoe eo oa ycox oex.

a coc, yoao-ccoa apyeoc coa ece (eo xoee eaecy peaecy ac) opao aee aa paeoc coa oy oy acepeoy accy. Teaece ee, ao ac pe pae, a pao, ye occaaac, e peaece.

Ooa oo oo poyeoo coa cococy oop paoo poa, paeoopoa oec, pecaaee coca peoo coo. aoa e ecea, poe ceo poeo, occaaaec a c aoex caa aeoce.

aa 5 Po opooecoo ycpoca pycco cooop coa ooc eca ocea oca cepea, xoe oopoo eco yac cooeee ope. a eco, pae paaece cpeca oy oc co a coae oe ooc eca, o opoo o pae ocoy po. eec y, o opooece oaae aco ypy opa, ye coepayc caa o o e. Ta, apep, oac opoo cacece ae (o ypoy) oy paccapac a cpeco oe ooc, o pe a aepae oo e ca c o ye. Tay ooc coa, apep, coacoaee ae, co, po pye aeop (a oo py cmo, e aee eeoo aea, eceoo ca ycoo poa paeo p), peo ypya eo aee ec paaec oaae opeeoo aea (a omu o, npumu oy-uo ..).

B xoe opooecoo cepea cyee occaaa ec c ya ec. B aece ocex paccapac ( cooeceo yac) paoe ee aoe ooa ( o ce oaae poeeo pee -), occ -c13, a ae oaae ooeo cee cpae ape (.e. ex cyax, e ape e coocaee op, apep meno ~ menee). B cyae pecaeoc cooope yx (pee px) ca yaax ope c O paoe yaax ope aece ec c., apep: Muocacu, .. Bopoc cooopaoaeoo cea / .. Mocac. M.: M M., 1980.

ac oe14, apep: acmaua1c2, nuaem1c2, npeoe1c2, uoyux1c2, npu1o2c3.

cepe pooc epx oax. Ccea oa apoaac a yx paax, ycoo ooaex a cpyypa caa cpyypa eca, a pao pa oo yx ae (+ / ).

Ta opao, coa yco poee cepea ceyx epx oax:

cnepueme A coxpaac yya cpyypa eca;

cnepueme ae coxpaac yya ece, o apyaac eo cpyypa y cyao epecao caa;

cnepueme B cac a pea; poce y, yaae a aao caa, aec cpo; p o cpyypa eca (.e. opo ceoa caa) coxpaac;

cnepueme ae cac a pea; poce y, yaae a aao caa, aee cpo; poe oo, a eea cpyypa eca o yaaoy e py (p o oceoaeoc caa, oyea peyae x epecao, cepeax 4 4 a oo o e).

Peya cepea oaa, o aeaoo ooa cooop aece peeax pao cya a pa cpyypa caa, a pa cpyypa eca. Oao, yc c eae epeeco, cooop c-a ye ooac co ece e ao pea, ee aope caa (oyex y papye coo eca), oopx coxpaea yya.

oaao, o aoe cooop occaaac xye ex:

o cyae ao caceco ( ceaeco) ooe ec epo peoe o e pe cy yo cex o eo acx cace; cy oo opooec aoa opa paae oeco pae. cyee o ocooac opo oo oeca apao aeao occao ay-o ac x.

caoeo, o ooa cooop cyecex ocaoo aoo oeca (pa, caa); apyee coc eca paec e caaec a peyaax x occaoe. oo oec ae e a aea op pae ca, o e pae aea.

B oax ae oeaec, o, a oaa peya cepea c ya ec, pycc ec, co opoo, aeao ocpaec 68-85 % cyae. Cacecoe Oyee y oa apyao opooecy cpyypy cooop, apep, cooope o o yco yaac ya , peyae eo oycac o, oop opooec pae e ooa, a ocoe. To e c peo aoo cooopo acoeo pee nuaemc.

ycpoco pyccoo a, opo co, aeoce ooe caa, pecaaee coca peoo, opoooece epeoa a ce oco ooa oo oce cyae peocpypoa cooopy. Moo ca, o 25-30 % o o a, oop oc pycce cooeee ec oy ooc eca.

B ae 5 eec eoo pae, oc cceoa po aaa oa cooop coa ooc eca. ocaea aaa ae peaac cepea y: c eo co cyex poe cepe o ocp ceoo eca ycox eocyoc opa ooceo aaya / aycaya cooop. cyee paoa c paeo oo e aeoo eca, oop pec o cex ocax ayapx cepeax.

B cepeax ex eca ce yaae a ecoe ecaee pa (yae a pea, poe ey coa; poce y, appye aao caa, aee cpo). aee ec eoppoa poo: cepee ( 1) yac ep (op) co oeecoo coa; cepee ( 2) yac oe ac c ( cyae a) paoe ocoaoe aepee oeecoo coa; cepee 3 ( 3) yaoc o, pyoe, .e. ep (op) co oce ac (c ocey coac) oeecoo coa. Meco poyex y aooc poepa.

Ta opao, opa o ece poyca o ce poyex paecx ao coxpaac.

B eo occaoee oyeo opa poeao oe yceo. a peoaaoc, aao oe coa o-paoy pecaac: ye ceo (94 %) occaaaec (a, ceoaeo, ocpaec) ec, oopo apa opa o aycayme cooop ( 2).

Haao coa o cpae c eo oo ( pycco e) opaoo oee apyeo: eo o aay coa pee ceo ooaec ecea , o pae epe, e paeoc opeeoy accy ooopex co, oa a oe coa coepc opa paaecoo coca, ycaaaa c co paax caa. B oce cyae aycay cooop o e, a o opee e, cooecoa e eea: o ooc coaa c ece, o cooecoa ao ac ec ex cyax, e ec e oocoa.

Heocyoc opa o aayme cooop ( 1) oe epe caaec a aeaoc ocp eca. Ec 2 apa occaoe ca ocoo c eppeae ae paaeco op, o e ee cyeceo cxo cc eca, o 1 a pya (o cpae c cxoo) eppea aaa coa po, a pao, cee ece, cc cxooo eca cyeceo caaec.

B aaye oeecoo coa aco coepc opa, aa ceaeco eppea ceo caa eo (apep, oaae opa a e).

ea (oeecoo) coa oapyae cyecey acoc o eo : ooae cooop ycox eocyoc opa o e aaye caoc cao co (80-90 %), aa co co, a oopx paa 3 coa oee.

Peya paccopeoo cepea oo a, o p yco occeoc cooe, pey eo coc ec, ae papye o ocoa, oe aeao peocpypoa o a oopa. p ocyc oe occeoc exa poopoa e paoa, e cacae ooc, opa o ece pacooe cx paecx ao e oe oeo.

aa 6 Coocae aa: ooc eca ocea coocae ooaeo acee eco, cooaxc cepee. a ec paccope c o pe eo y coooee ca caa ca poo; c o pe coooe ca o paex eo paex poo; c o pe cee ececo aceoc poo, a ae cee pecaeoc co o o .

Tec oac py o pya ceaeco caceco cpyypo ooy eoppoae x o oy oy py po oep, oope o-paoy caac a oa. Coooee o ooc ecax ea epeea.

C oopo a oyee cpaee ae ea coeo poa epapx cooc eco: o caoo cooo ayoo eca caoy pocoy paoopoy.

Oao, a o oaao paee, pacpeeee peyao occaoe eco paoo a o oo ac o paoo cepeaoo pea. Ta, apep, poe ccox coae cepee c yaee eeo-e, eceo, ca co paoopo ece ca ayo ece. B o e pe cepee c yaee ep pe ca co poe ccooo occaoe oye a aepae aeoo eca, oa a paoop xyoece ec a cpeoe ooee. To e pacpeeee aaec epo oa opooecoo cepea c yaee ec. B cepeao pee, cao c yaee aoo ecoo coa, ca co poe ccooo occaoe oye xyoeceo ece, oa a paoop ec o cepee ccoo ooe occaoe xye ceo.

B eo e eca (ae, xyoece ay) pooocae ecy paoopoy: cex ecax cpeca coa ooc cocpeooe pee ceo cax ecax. Paoop ec, a eco, cea oe eepa oec. poe oo, paaeca ooc o opeee e cex ecax, a a paoopo pe ccoa opaa caa o peapye a opao-paaec ocpoee15.

B aee oeaec, o oea, apyac a cpyypo cooc eco, coaco oopo ca yo eco, ca co ocp ec ec ay, a ca poc paoop, oepac o ox cepeax peax. Oao eoopx cepeax peax peya o apaepy paaece coae ca co eo ayo ece.

epa ac aaaec opo oa. B acoc, oeaec, o oa ooc eca oe e co ocoeoc (a oecee, a aecee) acoc o paeoc eca oy oy y.

B eo yoao-ccoa xapaepca coa (eo xoee eaecy peaecy ac caa) oaaec aee eo acepeo paeoc. ooc eca peayec a c eaecx eeo oe epe, e a c peaecx. B o e pe cpe ace pe oo e, c oo copo, ae, oope, ooy, a e ca c oppoae ooc (oe coa, eoe, oac ac), a c pyo copo ao, oop apy ca c oppoae ooc a c oaex yaco, opa o oopx ye coepc aoo ececo ae.

Boccaoee poyco ayapx cepeax ocyecec a c ooc eca pecayeoc ox eeo. Hecop a o, o oe aop ooec o, coooee x oc oee co xapaep. Cyecy pae coooe pecayeoc eea eca cee ooc, coa oopo yacye a ee. eecoopao paa, aoe coo oyeo acoe (ypaeoe). Coacyee (poe aoo-cayex) pae coa, a pao, ooe c pyo oac occaoe, ec pecayeoc peao a, paec e paoae ooc.

Peya poex cepeo (ocoeo ex oa, e yac a pea ocycoa yaa a eca poyco e) oaa eecoopaoc papae peo oepxocoo yoo ocp.

ac II. cc paox aao pycco e Bo ox aeax o opo ac paccopea paa cop o epa cc. Bce a M.B. eo oeac e paoc oxoe ye cca: coo (cpeee c opuua, M.A. Ceaec ocooe (opoooe) pocoe peoee yco pe / M.A. opa. Capao: -o Capaocoo y-a, 1988.

C. 138.

cc ca ox e a c pca ec caa paa ocox ocpy) coa (ecoeo pooe oae eoea cca).

Paccapaec coooee o cc yeo a.

opaec, o cc o cacecoe ee. B ocoe ye cca paox aao e oe oaeo aeoc.

Ba oaaec papa pae p ocyc oepxoco cpyype peoe aaa (aao), oopoy (oop) yo cpyype cooecye oaea ceaeca aeoc, ..

cc oa oox p aoo ooe e.

B ce XX ea ooe pe ce a . a P.O. ocoo o po paccapa cc a yeo aaopec ( eec) a. Cyecye oee pooe oae cacecoo y.

Ta, . Aae coye oe aoo y a poooe pao pax e coo ocyc eoopoo ooea cca peoe, a o oe cya oecoo ocyaooo cca, ca peepeao eopeeoc, peya a aaeoo opo peepe eo acx pea ea ax pea a nonpocu a ampa nooum16. B o e pe ec pao, oopx oceoaeo pooc pae ey yeo ee cco (A.. Coopoo, B.. ace, T.B. ya, A.. e, .. Bapy p.).

paa cca (.e. mo ao cya oe oyeo) e yepca, a appy o a y (cp., apep, apyoc eoooc oye epoo aaa copeex epacx ax pacpocpaoc oo e cacx ax). B epaype oeaec, o p pooocaeoc o peeo oooc oye epoo aaa ( pyx cace) ec (B.. ace). epeco, o ocooe ycapa ee aco oyca oeaee e oo paaece p, o yype.

B epao opo ac ae 1 Pey, cc oeca a exa eaoe oaex aeoce pecae peya cepea, xoe oopoo cyee opoa caa c a aoo aaoo epe cooacox aoo.

Ocoa aaa cepea aaac o, o , mo (.e. ae oaex aeoce pyccoo aoa) p ax ycox oe oycac paax omeoo (uoupoaoo) caau.

coa, ocoa aaa coac oy, o oapy eooAdamec, P. Ceaeca eppea ax ye pyccx peoex / Adamec P. // cx Pocc / C. ec a C. Bopa eo 65-e. M.: Boc.

-pa PAH, 1995. C. 9-18.

pe paa cca paox aao copeeo pycco e peeo opoaoy caa.

Oo eec y, o oec, aoap oopoy oaaec oo cc, oeceaec paax eca; oao e e ya, o ye opoa ao, cy caoc cocaa eo aao (opeeex aeoc), oeceae yco ocyc ac x: xo ae aeoce e peopeee ececy eoc aao, o x co opeeec aeoc acco aoa.

B oeo paee ao ocae cepeaoo aepaa, a ae cao cepeao poeyp. B aece cyo oopa 89 cooacox aoo pyccoo a px aeocx acco:

px-, yx- ooaee. Cee o acooc ycacoo acooo coap copeeoo pyccoo a17. peoaaoc, o cyee yy ye cpac c aae (pee oaac o oeo, axo oee paoopae apa), ec peaa cooacoe ao.

cyeoy pec o 10 aoo c poco coca c a aoo o 5 pocx opox peoe. B cpy o peypeee o o, o ao oe yope o ope, a e e, poc cooecye pep.

O paeo a oc oe eop, cao c papaee px exao eaoe ycx ec: 1) cc;

2) pey; 3) oeca.

o cco peaaec oa oecoe cyaooe onyeue (o e co paoc aaope eccy, a, apep, o pecaeo y P.O. ocoa) ex x eeo caa, oope oy occaoe. p o o cc caa, cooecyeo ocpy c cco, c oo copo, cooecyeo ocpy e eo c pyo, oe o e e.

Peye peaaec aa oy cya anpema a cacecoe paee oo oo (ceaecoo) apyea. ape poec, acoc, o, o p occaoe a oepxoco ypoe opayeaeoo aaa oyae o epeeoe ao e caae, o pao o ocpy. ae oop, cyae ec exaa pey y ocee a e aoo opa, ao ec cya cca.

Haoe, oeca o cya aeeu eca aaa cpocao, peyae eo pocxo ooe acoe ce eoo caa.

ece exaa pey pycco e ycapaec, apep, epax caax, e aoe ape a cacecoe pae aco coap copeeoo pyccoo a / Pe. . pe. Uppsala, 1993.

e epoo aaa18; pe x py; a aaex ooo-x, eopeeo-x peoex, e ae ep aa e oe pae (e ee cca). poe oo, ec exaa pey pca eoope cya ad hoc; x ce ece pep c a aoa ocae, a nooam, nepenecmu, nopacum, e pe (ceaeca) aeoc caa co cpeco ocae e oe acea cy oo, o aoe eco ooeo ao aee.

ece exaa oeca eocppyec a pepe caa c aoo ocum. Oeaec, o pe cpoca o cea, xo peaecy ac c e po, pye eooy caa, oao ec, o-oy, ec eoopa epapx. Cpoca a ocmyno, enomo caax O ocu c ocmyno; O enomo ocu aay acao oecpy ocyce peeo aaa apecaa, .. coe ceae coepa yaae a cepeepa: ocmyno, enomo a oea pae oy, o ocpae ocee.

cepea aepa, oye xoe cepea, opaaac c yo yaax px exao eaoe ycx ec. p o oaaoc, o pycco e ecy eoope opae cpy aoo exao o aeoc oo oo paa. Ta, exa oeca, o-oy, e pacpocpae co ece a epy aeoc; oeca oe oc, aa co opo aeoc aee. Pey, co oepe, pae peo ecye a ypoe opo aeoc, y ae a ypoe pee. Ocooe e oe ec pey pycco e epa aeoc.

Cepa ec exaa cca pao e e opaea. o-oy, oo yae (ecee) cya opae.

Hapep, ae cepee (a ae caax, ex opyca) e cpeoc ooo caa c cco opoo aaa p aoe cmoum. Copee ceo, o o cya, oa p ax ycox eooo e pa opa o o, oo / eo pe coo eo c.

B oex paeax opoo oaaa poeypa opao cepeaoo aepaa paccope eopeece opoc, oope c c pxooc pea. Ta, cyecye oeco pec, e oox ypoa oye aepa ae peeax ooo aoa. B ce x pec aoa oce cooc c opeeee ceaecx poe. Hapep, ao oam oaae a y y ae, oo oopx peoaae cya c o (oae) yaco peoo, acoo (O cea oum), ao o ae ooe acc aoo coco, a opoe aee B ao cyae ocae copoe epepe caa aooe T uu, a e nooy.

peoaae cya c y (oae) yaca apecao coepae (apep, O mo o oum), o ae ao xo acc aoo pe (oo oop o coeo poa yeo pe). B coac c oxoo opoc o cce ocpyx c aoo oam epe peac oeo peeo aoy yaax ae.

pyoe eo, o, a oaaoc, cyee opoa caa c aoa epe e o cex pecaex coape eopeec oox aox aex, a oo cooacox.

Oeaec, o oaa aaa e ooo aopa ceaecx poe ao-o e x pacpeee peeo ocpy cooecyeo a ae ce aay oca aoo oce.

Caocoe pae oc pep ycaoe epapx cacecx aao. Hecop a pyoc opaa poeyp ycaoe ecoc peao epapx ec, o ycao ae poeyp c-a pepac. B acoc, cyecye poeypa poep cceoaecx oe cepea y, y opae ceeca ocee a: ceeca oy a oaa, ae aa oycac ee , ceoaeo, oapya oee pa caceco epapx19.

Ta opao, oca cepe oe cy e oo e ye oecex aecex xapaepc cca paox aao paax opoaoo caa pycco e, o cocoo epa epapx aao. peoaaec, o e aa, oope yy ae ceo oycac ( peeax opeeo ocpy c opee aoo), oc oee pa. Xo o e aco pep. Ta, pycco e ep aa ( oeaee) pe ocpy oycaec ae opoo (poo ooe), oao o e ceecye o eo oee o pae. Ha cao ee, peee opoca o ce oaex yaco cya o epapx aao, cooecyx, oo peecoa pee opoca o cce ( cex c ex).

B ae oeo paccope cepeae ae o ccy, oyee a aepae caa c ep aoo aoo px aeocx acco. Ta, a ypoe opoaoo caa c pxae aoo epe pycco e aoee aey cooc ccy oapyae eo o aa, oop po apoa a mpemu.

Haac eoope ocoeoc ec px exao eaoe ycx ec caax c yxae aoa paoo a epe. Peya cepea ceecy, o yxaee (eepexoe) ao e (ae a mu, npumu, nomu) oac o pyx yxaex (epexox) aoo (apep, aoa ocaceu, B.. ee oe c / B.. ace. M., 1977.

p uem aoo coaeo eeoc coam, ceam) acoo eace opo aeoc. B caax c aoa e aaec acoe ocyce opoo aaa, oa a caax c aoa pyx py opo aa ocycye opao pee. p o px yaax exao eace oaex aeoce aecoa ax cyax oaaec ocoo exa oeca.

B ae yepaec, o, oe o caa c pxae aoo epe, e o aeoy cy ecx oye o eec pe aa, caax c yxae aoo epe, o a cepea, cc epx yx aao eaee.

aa 2 cc opoao caa ece ocea epa oyex a aepae opoaoo caa ax, cax c cco paox aao, y opae c eca. cxooe oyee aaoc o, o cyae, oa cyee paoa c opoa caae (e opye eo ec cya), , ooo, oyae ecoo y apy, ee cyae x pao co c eca.

cc paox aao co ece yac a aepae cooecyx oeco, ex opyca pyccoo epaypoo a (a oe opae opycy eo o aca 340 c cooyopee; ae o py aoo oe poepe a aepae ooo opyca20). Aapoac caa c e e aoa, c oop paoa cyee.

B paee, oco oca peyao opycoo cceoa, oeaec, o ocoo opoc, oop epecoa aopa p opae opyc a, ca c e, acoo coaa ( e coaa) aecee oecee oaae cca paox aao, oapyee, c oo copo, a aepae opoax caa , c pyo copo, a aepae cx eco. p o ceye e y, o epo cyae opaaec oce a, ocae cepeay cya, a o opo oepoa o a e opaoaoo pepeeaoo opyca eco.

Peya ceecy, o ee pacpeee acooc poa oo oo aooo aaa, ee a aAay oepc oec c aoa pax aeocx, a ae pax eco-ceaecx acco. O coocae ax, oyex a oo opyce, c a, oye a opyce oo 340 c cooyopee, oaa, o ee poa oo oo aaa peeo aoy paccopex aoo ooc coaa. Peya aaa cyae oye paox aao a oo ope, a e a a ope 340 c cooyopee, pecae poe.

epae opyca pyccx eco, coaa c ee, oope oapye cepeao aepae, a co cyae cca, oapyex a aepae opyca, e cooecyeo ca cyae, oyex xoe cepea.

B ao ae, a peye, poc oee a, coepae oecee oaae cca, o aoy ( ca eex) accy aoo. Bya paoe oea, coaco oopo caax c ooae aoo epe cee oye oo oo aaa oe eocppoa cy c aoo aaa c aoo, eo oepaec cepea, opyc a. B o ooe ocooo paccope pey ocpy c epexo aoo epe. eo o, o o cex ocax cyax eceo oee eee peypo coaec aooepoc: e e pa aaa, e ae o oycaec. Ta, pe aa oycaec ae, e epe a; opo aa oycaec ae, e ep. a apa ooceo epx yx aeoce aaec caax c epexo aoo epe: ec nep aa oycaec ae, e opo.

O o, e oac epexoe ao o eepexox, eec opa epaypa. Moo ca o o C.. aeco, oop, aapy po epoo aaa (cyea) opoo aaa (poo oea) epexox ocpyx, opaa ae a x epaoaoc ooe aoo acoc, oea, o po poo oea ocaec e po o aooo coa, a epe ocpeco op cyea p eapyeo eoao oceoaeoc21. B eepexox ooaex aoax (apep, aoax e), o c C.. aecoa, eo oco ecoo ae.

B pe ex eop, acoc Teop pae Ca (H. Xoc), paa pcoe eaecx poe (-roles) aaa peoaa, o epa ea cocaa, oo oeaa epoy aay, xapaepyec a e (external argument) o ooe cpyype peoe. Te ca yepaec, o p ee caa epa paa (ycoo ey pyo oeaeo pyo cayeoo) oapyae cae cae c, oa a pya cayeoo pecae coo oee ec oec. Peya aeo cceoa oepa y oey oo o ooe epexo ocpy.

a eco, paox eopx ep aa (oeaee) c ceaeco, c caceco oe pe e oc a pa peoe eo ypex ce, opeeex aeoc epoo aoa. B epaype cyecye peoee c aepay ocax oxoo a ocoa oo aa, o ax c ocoo po eapeaecx ooe (topic-prominent languages) eo epa ea aeco, C.. O epexooc a opaoao aeop // C.. aeco. aeop a e: ayoo ace. M.: caco yyp, 2001. C. 583.

cocaa oe e xo cacecy cpyypy peoe (B.. ace, T.H. Ha).

Pycc epayp , oeo, e oocc y topic-prominent languages, o e pe coa epooc cooec oeaeo ee a oapyea xoe poeoo a cepea a opeeee e (aa 1 epo ac). Tea ecoa aeop. o a a, cc epx yx aao cpeaec ae cx ecax, e opoao caa, p eo a aepae cx eco cc epoo aaa cocae y ey, e cc opoo aaa.

Oao aoe pacpeeee cee oye epx yx aao coceo oo caa c epexo aoo epe.

oecee xapaepc cca paox aao opoax caax, c oo copo, cx ecax c pyo, eo e oc cyecex pa. o ooe a, o oec, oeo e, ooeo caaec a oooc poa, oao eo po aoo poa cce e co y ea.

ae pae opo a oc pep oc. cy ocox pepe peaaec ooc ceye:

1) ae cooocx ocpy (ox eox, ecx), 2) oeceoc ceaeco / cceco eppea cooocx ocpy. Ha pepe opycoo aaa caa c poyco epoo aaa (oeaeo) ep aoo ope 1-o . e. . ., oope ooe pe pycce paoac a oco ox opeeo-x peoe, eocppyec oooc aece ooeoo pep cooa epooc oxo.

Pe o aax aex a cpeaeoc cooecyx ocpy (c poyco epoo aaa , aoopo, c co pae ep aao) ecax. Cp. o oy ooy aeae A.H. apaoa: C cceo o pe pycco, aco aco ax eec opa eeoo aea eceoo ca x ecoe. Oao aco e p aoe a opa ecoe paec cea eoxoa, pycco ecmoueue mux cyax oo npecmaeo, a a a pao, ocycye. Ocyce ocoepx oecex ax o x ox ex eae cpyypoe ocae o eocao22 (ypc o. E..).

C oopo a oecee ae paee eaec o o o, o copeeo pycco e epooc co paeoc epoo aaa (oeaeo) caax c ep aoo opax 1-2 .

e. . . acoeo/yyeo pee ce e ooo coa (oee 50 %), o pe a epax caax ep aa, a pao, ocycye.

apao, A.H. Beee pay cy / A.H. apao. M., 2003. C. 39.

Peya pee yaax pepe po eoxooc yepa, o ocooo a ox opeeeo-x peoe copeeo pycco e e; o cex caax aoo poa ee eo c cco. B epax e caax ocyce epoo aaa oycoeo ece exaa pey (a e exaa cca).

B ae 3 opocy o cocae a aaex eopeeox peoe ocyac eoope ocoeoc eopeeo-x peoe (H), cae c po ocyc/a oo oo aaa cpyypo, ceaeco oyaopaaeco cee oo a ocpy.

Oeaec, o opoc o aa opeoo caa aece peaa eopeeo-oo peoe oe peac paax oee pooo opoca o ooe / oc caa.

C oopo a eop, cay c papaee pey, cca oeca, paccapaec ece x px exao eace ycx ec H. B ao cyae ocyce epoo aaa peya pey, .. oepa ca e ee oe cea ocpy e oe poeea.

e oeca po poec caax, cpyypo pecax coo H, coca oopx xo cooop c ceao eca ( poo cce coa), cacec oe y cpocao. a pao, aoo poa cpoca aa cooecyx caax ay eaecy o (B apuu mpeym ucunuy; o pauo paccaau o cyuec; Ha aee cnpocm oo c; B uuomeo cmooo npoam oe; B uomeampe noaam u ..). ece ea oeca aaec o, o p yae aoo poa cpocao cooecyx caa ocee, copee, ocpac a ece, ee oe eopeeo-e, cp.: Tpeym ucunuy; Paccaau o cyuec; Cnpocm oo c; poam oe; oaam u. p a e cooecyx cpocao oyae caa, cocoe cyecoa aooo, e oop a oec, o ec oaaee x eoc.

peaaec ec pe o oeo acce (oe) eopeeox peoe, oopoy paea paccopee caa c pxae aoo epe. Cea oo oa H aaec o, o eopee x a c epaeoc ec apye e oo epoo paa, .e. pooe ec, o peeo paa oo o, oee y apecaa, peea.

B oax o II ac ooc o ye cca paox aao. B eo peaaec paa oeco, oopx ooe cc. Ta, oo ec pe o paaeco oece cyax a Me, noaycma, o my, cuey, e ocycye oopoe opeeeoe coo, a o yaae pcycyee caa coacyeoe c opeeee.

cc paox aao, cooecyx oae ao aeoc, oycoe, epoo, eco-paaec oeco. B ao cyae ecye e oo paaec aop peoae co copo aoa cacec ao o opeeo ypaeo opo, o ecec aop ceaa aoa a ypoe ececoo ae peycapae oox ece, oope oy a cooecye o peoe. Paa oaaex cca oaaac e co cyeceo p cpae ax, oyex paax opoaoo caa paax cx eco: oec opoaoo caa oaaec ocao oo, o o cc.

eo eco-paaec oec ooe c paaecy oo caax e paeoo oeaeo, cooecyeo epoy aay, co caye aoo ope 3-o a. aae pa e e oo yepa, o epe a eopeeooe peoee; ax cyax ooa cya cca epoo aaa. oop o eopeeo-x peoex oo oo oa, oa, poe yaax aopo, ocpy oaae eopeeoo ceao, oopa coac o oo a c ececoo oeca.

cepea opyc aepa oaa, o eo pycco e coaec aooepoc: e e pa aaa, e ae o oycaec (pe aa oycaec ae, e epe a; opo aa oycaec ae, e ep). Ocooo paccope pey ocpy c poepexo aoo epe: ec nep aa oycaec ae, e opo. cc epx yx aao cpeaec ae cx ecax, e opoao caa.

aee B ae ooc o cceoa. Oeaec, o o ooc cca e c aoca. B oo aepae c eoxooc pcycye o, pyoe. Hoce a ycox cepea coco, aoap ooc, oapy ay ece aeao occao oyee ee. Pa opao cyee, opoa caa, epeo py (coaco ecy o paa) eo oaee ccoo ooe ooe. p poa oy pa.

B paoe eeo pecaee o px exaax eaoe oaex (ceaecx) aeoce pey, cc oeca.

x paee pao papa o ce p poa:

cya pey oop opa, o pyoocyec o apea; cya oeca oop epye co paeo opae o oaeo yace cya (oopa a ae c pao pcycye ceae caa a c ececoo ae aoa) yoy pae oyao oo opa, epeaaeo eoae, ceaec cpyypo, ooeo; aoe, ae p oo, oay, oo epe peayec cya cca.

Cpeca coa ooc a e, a paa cca pey, oc oec xapaep. pee ceo o oocc ooc a a oa. B paoe oaao, o ce ceecx ao coae ooc eca a pycco e axoc paa ea opoo (o-paoy cooocac c exaa coacoa ypae) opoooece epeoa. B o e pe ec ocoa yepa, o cpeca coa ooc mecma ae e oc yepcaoo xapaepa. Bepoo, oy oac py o pya e oo e, o e oy e paa (paa epyeoc cacca) e, o c oe oc oyca (paa cca), o ae e, o c oe oc oop (paa ooc).

Peya poeoo cceoa cooacox aoo oaa, o pycco e cee poa aoo px aao caax c pxae aoo epe ceya: ae ceo pyec pe aa, p o ep opo aa pyc peo. B caax c yxae aoo epe (ca ao e eoope eepexoe ao) ep aa a co poe poa, aeo e opo aa. ocoy eo yxaee ao coca po oo a, o oo a, o ae ceo pycco e pyec ep aa. B o cyae ep pe aa pooocae opoy: opo aa a ca poe cca, o oe ceecoa o o ae, o c aoa co op aao ( pyx epax c p ooee) caa eca.

Peya poeoo cceoa oy cooa ye pyccoo a ooeco epcee, acoc cao c cco paox aao. Pycc oocc cy o, oopx aco oycac ep pe aa. p oyee epoo aaa pycco e oe peaepoac a paa cca, a poo pacpocpa paa pey.

o-oy, peoc oye opoo aaa oc oee yepca xapaep, e oyee epoo aaa. oyee ae a yo oepa yy pax eopx oey o o, o p ee caa epa paa (ycoo ey pyo oeaeo pyo cayeoo) oapyae cae cae c, oa a pya cayeoo pecae coo oee ec oec (cp. o eeo apyea ypeeo apyea ox epcx eepaa).

cy p poa oo oo aaa ceye ooc e oo ypoe p (ae, apep, a paoc aooo coacoa ao opo co), o yype poo cce.

B eo ceae ae pey aee aeo poep. B acoc, e o oa poc opoc o acoc cca o eco-ceaecoo acca aoa, o a eca p.

Coepae ccepa opaeo ceyx yax aopa:

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ooec aye C, 2004. C. 28-34. (0,37 e..) 6. pyea, E.B. yopoae eoopx pyccx cooaex aoo (a aepae opyca cepea) / E.B. pyea // eepypcoe cecoe oeco. Haye e-2004 (Ca-eepyp, 6-eap 2004 .). Maepa oepe. poee ypay peea eeoc (. 6). C.: ooec aye C, 2005. C. 92-96. (0,32 e. .) 7. pyea, E.B. Haoa opyc pyccoo epaypoo a: eoope peya, poe aa / B.. ace, A.B. Beo, E.B. pyea E.B. yoa // Hayo-execa opa. Cep. 2. opaoe poecc cce. M.: Bcepoccc - ayo execo opa. 2005. 6. C. 35-40. (0,85 e.. / 0,21 e..) 8. pyea, E.B. ooc eca: cop opoca eoa cceoa / E.B. pyea // ec Pocccoo ocyapceoo eaoecoo yepcea . A.. epea: Oecee yaape ay (oco, oae, epaypoeee, yypoo, ooa, pao, cop, cooo, eaoa, cxoo): Hay ypa. 2008. 10(59). C. 106-114. (0,72 e..) 9. pyea, E.B. Cloze tests a cpeco ye ooc eca / E.B. pyea // Bec ecoo ocyapceoo yepcea: Hay ypa. B. 21. oo. cyccoeee. 2008. 16(117). C. 51-58. (0,6 e..) 10. pyea, E.B. Pey cc paox aao copeeo pycco e: epooc oxo / E.B. pyea // Bec epacoo ocyapceoo yepcea . A.C. ya: Hay ypa.

Cep oo. 2008. 2 (12). C. 147-155. (0,53 e..) 11. pyea, E.B. Coco ee opeee e pycco e cpae ocee a ee opeee (cepeaoe cceoae) / E.B. pyea // ec Pocccoo ocyapceoo eaoecoo yepcea . A.. epea: Oecee yaape ay (oco, oae, epaypoeee, yypoo, ooa, pao, cop, cooo, eaoa, cxoo): Hay ypa. 2008. 11(71). C. 36-44. (0,75 e..) Cmamu ayx uaux 12. pyea, E.B. poecc opecc p epexoe o ceaecoo aca eca caa / E.B. pyea // poe ceco cea 2: Meyoc cop ayx pao. B. 2. epeoe, , 2001. C. 97-106. (0,51 e. .) 13. pyea, E.B. Cpae ocee a opeee e caa (a aepae pyccoo ceoo eca) / E.B. pyea // Maepa XXX eyoco ayo-eoeco oepe peoaaee acpao (1-17 apa 2001 ., Ca-eepyp). B. 21. Ce oeo oa. . 3. C.: C, 2001. C. 3-7. (0,33 e..) 14. pyea, E.B. opocy o coooe aeop pecayeoc cpyypx eeo ooc eca (a aepae pyccoo a) / E.B. pyea // ca. cop c. Cooca: C. cae / o pe. .A. oa. C.: -o C.-eep. y-a, 2003. C. 23-39.

(0,99 e..) 15. pyea, E.B. aeop pe ooc eca / E.B. pyea // Maepa XXXI cepoccco ayo-eoeco oepe peoaaee acpao (11-16 apa 2002 ., Ca-eepyp). B. 22. Ce oeo oa. . 2. C.: C, 2003. C. 9-13. (0,39 e..) 16. pyea, E.B. O coooe opooeco caceco opa ocp ceoo eca / E.B. pyea // eoe y a: poe ae: Maepa eyapoo oepe (14-16 apa 2002 . Ca-eepyp). C.: -o Caeepypcoo yepcea, 2003. C. 189-197. (0,41 e..) 17. pyea, E.B. O ooo yoao aeoc aao cpocao / E.B. pyea // Maepa XXXII eyapoo ooeco oepe (11-15 apa 2003 ., Ca-eepyp). . 1. C., 2003. C. 48-53. (0,37 e..) 18. pyea, E.B. O caax c pxae aoo epe / E.B. pyea // Coo. Cop ayx cae a .. Maooo M.. Copeo. epeoe: , 2003. C. 57-63. (0,28 e..) 19. pyea, E.B. O epe umoocm ce / E.B. pyea // poeccoao oya: Maepa eyapoo ayo oepe (ec, 21-22 op 2003 .). ec: -o , 2003. C. 207-213. (0,54 e.) 20. pyea, E.B. poae aao opoao caa ece / E.B. pyea // Maepa XXXIII eyapoo ooeco oepe (15-20 apa 2004 ., Ca-eepyp). B. 24. Oee oae. . 2. C., 2004. C. 25-31. (0,34 e..) 21. pyea, E.B. O opoo Haoao opyce pyccoo epaypoo a) / B.. ace, A.B. Beo, E.B. pyea, H.A. Ceoypoa, E.A. Ceeoa // Maepa XXXIII eyapoo ooeco oepe (15-20 apa 2004 ., Ca-eepyp). B. 24. Oee oae.

. 2. C., 2004. C. 3-8. (0,31 e.. / 0,1 e..) 22. pyea, E.B. opocy o pax cceax op o ocp paoopoo cypca ceo e / E.B. pyea // Coo. Coap. Coecoc: oo a ( 250-e co poe A.C. oa). Maepa Bcepoccco oepe (Ca-eepyp, 10-12 op 2004 .). C.: -o Caa, 2005. C. 165-167. (0,25 e..) 23. pyea, E.B. opocy o cocae a aaex eopeeox peoe / E.B. pyea // oepa ca eeyae exoo: Tpy eyapoo oepe ao-2005 (eopo, 1-6 , 2005 .) / o pe. .M. ooeo, A.C. Hap, B.. Ceee. M.: Haya, 2005. C. 112-115. (0,42 e..) 24. pyea, E.B. O coooe ceaecx poe aao ocpyx c ep aoo pe / E.B. pyea // Maepa XXXIV eyapoo ooeco oepe (14-19 apa 2005 ., Caeepyp). B. 22. Oee oae. . 3. C., 2005. C. 3-7. (0,e. .) 25. pyea, E.B. aoa oce ceaece po / E.B. pyea // Lingua mobilis. Hay ypa. 2006. 1. ec, 2006. C. 81-87. (0,37 e..) 26. pyea, E.B. Oo Haoao opyce pyccoo epaypoo a / E.B. pyea, H.. yaoa // Tpe eyapoa oepe paa ca aye opaoa (16-17 apa 2006 ., Caeepyp). C., 2006. C. 45-49. (0,27 e. . /0,2 e. .) 27. pyea, E.B. Coco ee e pycco e / E.B. pyea // oepa ca eeyae exoo: Tpy eyapoo oepe ao-2006 (eacoo, 31 a 4 2006 .) / o pe. H.. ayep, A.C. Hap, B.. Ceee. M.: -o P, 2006.

C. 124-128. (0,53 e. .) 28. pyea, E.B. Bocpe pyccoo ceoo eca ycox eocyoc opooeco opa / E.B. pyea // Bec epcoo yepcea. B. 3(3). oo. 2006. ep, 2006. C. 51-62. (1,e. .) 29. pyea, E.B. Po oeca ea cooop p ocp pyccoo ceoo eca / E.B. pyea // Maepa XXXV eyapoo ooeco oepe (13-18 apa 2006 ., Caeepyp). B. 22. Ce oeo oa. . 2. C., 2006. C. 39. (0,6 e..) 30. pyea, E.B. Aaece op Haoao opyce pyccoo epaypoo a / E.B. pyea, A.B. Beo // Tpy Meyapoo oepe opyca ca 2006 (10-14 op 2006 ., Caeepyp). C., 2006. C. 75-80. (0,24 e.. / 0,12 e..) 31. pyea, E.B. Cocae coa pycco e ooe oxo x ye / E.B. pyea, .H. acya // Bec (copece, ooece, coooece, cxooece eaoece ay). 1 (10). 2006. epeoe, 2006. C. 75-78. (0,32 e.. / 0,16 e..) 32. pyea, E.B. Bocpe paoopoo eca ceo pee / E.B. pyea // a ea oa-ceap opoee ocpe pe: Maepa (19-21 op 2006 .). epeoe, 2006. (0,31 e..) 33. pyea, E.B. cc paox aao copeeo pycco e / E.B. pyea // Coo. Coap. Coecoc: pooo yyee ( 225-e A.X. Bocooa: Maepa Bcepoccco ayo oepe (Ca-eepyp, 15-17 op 2006 .). C.: -o P .

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38. pyea, E.B. o Haoao opyce pyccoo epaypoo a / B.. ace, A.B. Beo, E.B. pyea, E.B. yoa // Meyapoa oepe opyca ca 2004 (12-14 op 2004 .).

Tec oao. C.: -o Ca-eepypcoo yepcea, 2004. C. 17-18.

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