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9.5,

20 /

2

7,5-11/9,5-10

0-200/15-30

..

d = 0,86-1

4

2

7-10/8,5-9

0-100/50

37,2

0,57-3,6

= 11,14

3.

: * .

, -, , , - . 1 5-6 , 4 3, 12 17 , . 18 , 9 , 4 - . 12 .

NaCl (.3). - 1 4 (min= 8-8,6; pHopt = 9-9,5; pHmax=10-11). 2, Sk1 Nu 6,5-9,5/10/11, opt =7,5-7,7. 5,5 - 11, pHopt (8-10), .

NaCl . - 4 1 . NaCl 5 100 /, NaClopt 50-100 /. NaCl 0 200 /, 15-30 /, .

, , 1, NaCl, NaCl 100 /, ,

NaCl opt, , .

1, 3, 4, 6, 17, 2 Sk1 ; 4, 1, 2, 1, 4 2 . 1, 3, 4, 3, 3, 5,7, 8, 8,10, 2, 4, N2, 1 4.

1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 2 Sk1 Na+ .

25-40, 1, 55.

- , Sk1 Nu. - - (3, 4, 1, 3, 6, 7, 8, 1, 3, 4, 17, 8, 10, 2). 2, 4, 4, Nu, Sk1; - 3, 5, 2, 1, 2, 4, N2.

, - ( 1). , , 4. , , , , , , , , . , , , . .

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