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B.M. exep .B. py aocxooeca aoca e 3opo' 1986 56.14 68 616.89071 aocxooeca aoca/exep B. M., py . B. .: 3opo', 1986280 c. ...

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peca epec aaec p aepocepoeco ace oece epae apaa. pocxo ae ceo aea aoo-o ya coe p coxpaoc eo oeaecoo ocoa, apep eco cocyo ocyo, eco oy oya. Ha caao peooee o po eee epax apaa eoopo eocaooc oeaeco epepo, oopa opeeec p oceoa ox epepa aepocepoo o eoe M. C.

eecoo. a eocaooc oeaeco epepo ocec caoc epepoooo opoe, cao c oapyae ye aax cax epepaoo aepocepoa paccpoca ooc cxecx poecco. Booo, cyecey po o pa oapyaee oppeypo poe apye a.

O aoee pax paex pao aoea ec paccpoco a. e p aax poex aoea oe epeo ayc, o ecee e oy co yoe coo. ocec, epe ecoo aco, oa oo e yae o o, yoe coo cao cae a. o coe pe oe B. A.

opoo-aa (1950), ca o pcyx aa ca cocycx opae oooo oa paccpocax poooo aoa ocpoee. (1960) ee paccpoca a, xapaepyc eoooc co p eoxooc ea a, oope pyx cyax oo eo coae. o eeo popeccpy paccpoc a V. A. Kral pooocae ceoy aececoy cpoy.

Oo o paccpocax pooo pepoy pxoc cy o a aaea. x oo ae oapy ecee c o. Oea eoa ye x paccpoc o ox op e papaoaa.

Hapye pooo pepoy oeac e oo p epepao aepocepoe.

O cpeac p acex pyoo eea cxoex, oceox. Oao x cyax oo paccpoca a opaac oo eocaooc pepoy, oopa c opoee e a y. p epepao aepocepoe paccpoca a popeccpy eocaooc pooo pepoy pcoec apye yepa, a ae aoa.

Heocaooc yepa (pee) oapyaec ee o aex paccpoc aoa. Ta, oo, ocpoo 10 co oce 45 oope, oce 1520 yoo epepa ye aae ac x co. oceeo, apy c ycee eocaooc yepa, ec eocaooc aoa.

Bpaeoc paccpoc aoa cooecye ye opae op ooo oa aepocepoo, cee paccpoc e.

p aax poex epepaoo aepocepoa (pc. 25) poe a aoae oe aa 10 ycox co oce oo a ccey poe x 79 pa. pa aoa epaoepa, co caa. Ee oe pae apye aoa cyccex yocoea.

p oee aeo paeoc aoea pa aoa oaec ee oe epaoepoc, oea oece co, ocpoox o oce aoo oope (pc. 26). Oee coa oopc ecoo pa.

Haac coa, e yppoae ce aax. Peo yxyeo aoae cyccex yocoea. pa aoa p aax poex cpee paeoc epepaoo aepocepoa cooecye ae coaeoc o epceecoy y.

B aee ee aoea paccpoca aoa aeo ycac.

ox c peo pae epepa aepocepoo pa aoa caoc oee poo, opo, ypoe oce pae o (pc. 27). Taoo poa pa oe paceac a oceeca. Cpe aaex o coe oeco pecex ca. aoec coa oe oop oopao. oa oapyaec oa eoooc aoa cyccex yocoea.

Coocaee ax o cee ocae aoa y ox cex 3 py oaae, o c popeccpoae aepocepoa cocyo oooo oa coaeoc ececo y caoc ce oee paeo. coaeoc ycaec p oe pyoc cepea (aoae eccox yocoea).

Xapaepa ae opeeea epaoepoc ocae pax op a y ox epepa aepocepoo. aeee ceo pae cpaae aoae cyccex yocoea;

ee apyeo oe cyae aoae ox co;

oee eo coxpaec aoae poe a accoay a.

B opeeeo c c paccpoca a axoc aaec y ox epepa aepocepoo oece epae apaa. ae co aco pocxo o a aaeoy oecoy y, oa aee coo aeec py, paea oy e pyy pecae. oa coo aeec poooo o ae. Tao xapaep epax apaa. pa aoa 10 co ceecye o opeeeo po x pocxoe eccox yocoea oo-aox coco ope ooo oa (. . aep, P. A. oyoa, 1933;

M. M. Cpo, C.

C. ec, 1960). Opaee x epax apaa poe a aoae cy aco aaac aea aax co (ae ceo o ccy) pecee o ox, e yppoax aa, co. Hepeo e oe ca apye p oope paepyo pa. p ooceo eee yox ececx paccpocax ec eocaooc yepa a ye epe ecoo y oo e oe oop pay. p oee ex paccpocax a oapyaec eoooc ao pay.

pecae epec pepoe a coeco c ). A. Maeo (1973) yee xapaepa apye ececo eeoc y ox epepa aepocepoo acoc o epeppye eeoc o eoe A. P. yp. aoa pec 2 cep 3 co, 2 peoe, 2 paccaa c ocey opaee peye cep co, pae, paccay. caoeo, o eocpeceoe ocpoeee aepaa aoa ac o cee paeoc aepocepoecoo poecca.

Ta, p eocpeceo ocpoee co oe aao ca epepaoo aepocepoa e oyca oo;

p yepeo paeo aoea 40% ox e ooc ocpoo coa, a 20% aae coa e ocpoo. p aepocepoeco caoy aco e ocpoo coa 61%, a ooc 39% ox. p eocpeceo ocpoee pa aaoe paccpoca aac cooeceo y 40 17% ox c yepe aepocepoec opaee, a p caoyy 54 25%. p eocpeceo ocpoee paccao oaae coca ox c yepeo pae epepa aepocepoo 18 23%, p paeo caoy eooe ocpoeee aaoc y 46%, a ocyce ocpoee y 54% oceoax ox. O oop o caoc ceoopaoa. oce oeae eoopoo eeoc oc o, ceecye o po epepe, acoo ooo pepoaoo opoe cpyype apye a p epepao aepocepoe. ec ae a ycaoea acoc ey epeppy e eoopoo eeoc cee paeoc aooecoo poecca. Po epepe cpyype aa ee oe oaec p a oopoo (ececo) oeae eeoc. Aaoy po cpyype aa y ox epepa aepocepoo, a o o ycaoeo ceye cep oo, pa poecc poaoo opoe. acoa oo, ceecyx o po po- pepoaoo opoe, axoc po acoc o ca aoea. p a caoy ycaaaec ooceo oa po pepoaoo opoe poecce aa o cpae c poa.

Ta opao, p epepao aepocepoe cpaae cocooc yepa cep ceo opoax eeo (co) peyae opoeo oec ooo (epeppye) eeoc. p o cocooc yepa ceo opaoax cpyyp (pa, paccao) cpaae ee.

cceoa cee ce a acoc o paeoc aepocepoecoo poecca pe ay a Becepa. caoea ea acoc ey cyap oaae a paeoc aepocepoecoo poecca. p coocae peyao cceoa o opx aax, x ypoao oee, oapyaec eepoxpooc ce pax o a o epe popeeoc oe. p aao epepao aepocepoe oeaoc yxyee IV cyece. p o oceyee coxpa ocoy cey paccaa ypaa ac opoceex eae. C apacae caoy eec xapaep oe aa oe ocpoo e oo eee co ccox e, o p o cpaae aoae ceo , poxo coeopaa pey cea. p o y ox c yepe pae epepa aepocepoo oapyac oayope ee. p yepeo aepocepoe apaecece ooe cey paccaa, axoc a o e ccoo oe. p opae a x a oceyeoo oeaac ee cpae oyeo o, copooaac peae cye. p paeo aepocepoeco ee apae oee ac poecce oa e opppoac. ox c yepe pae epepa aepocepoo oeac pae o paeoc e epceepa (epeoc eeo epoo paccaa o opo) oaa (caee yx paccao).

Coocaee peyao o cyeca VIIa VII oaae, o accoaa a caec o epe apaca aepocepoecoo caoy. Oao p aao aepocepoe o cee ee eaeo. Cee accoao a, a p ec, ec pao yooo caoy. Accoaa a p. cceoa e accoa a o ca aoea oaaec oee coxpao, e pyx accoax apax.

Maepa, oyee p oceoa ox epepa aepocepoo c oo IV VII cyeco, oepa ece ae o eco apaee ey cee ypo ooe oee ocaee oec ccoo accoao a.

B acoc o paeoc aoea epeo eec xapaep oo VII cyece. Ta, ec p aao ca ooo ocpoeee coa cea axoc accoao c c o co peeo ap, o o epe pope-eoc aoea oc coa, ee ao o o accoao c c aa.

o eco epe cooecye a ae o ae oecx epax apaa p epepao aepocepoe. Oeee ocoeoc oy oce a P. . Xaa (1968) o papxe ypae cooc accoax ce p ae-pocepoeco caoy.

p cceoa yao pepoy (VI cyec) ae oeaec popeccpyee, cooeceo cee paeoc aoea, yxyee peyao, ocoeo p a paeoo caoy. Ec p aao epepao aepocepoe o coc peyeceo epaoy ocpoee oex eae, o p yepeo paeo epepao aepocepoe oeaec eoooc oee oex paeo eoe, o oo ca c aaec a y x ox eocaooc cyaoo oca ocpyoo pacca e x oaox coo ae y op ooo oa.

p ocpoee p (cyec VI, a VI, ) paea ecocoeoc poac p eoxooc oop x opao ope. Paa ey peyaa o aa aoee aea y ox c pae aepocepoec caoye. Tae ae eppepyc a peya ocae a aoo a. Moo oaa, o aocxooeco acee o ee ceecye o apyex eaoaa cxeco eeoc, o ce ooc cxecx poecco. p o oy pa po ee ceoo eeoc ececx poeccax ocaee ca cea epoc ye acpoax ceo. o peooee oepaec pee e a o acoc a y ox epepa aepocepoo o epeppye eeoc.

Boee I, II III cyeco p aao yepeo epepao aepocepoe cyeceo e apyeo. o ceecye o o, o ee aoea xopoo cpoae poo cee (ce), ypoee a papyac eeee oce oepe, oo ye p a paeoo aepocepoecoo caoy.

Coeopaa ocoeoc epepaoo aepocepoa oapyaeec aocxooeco cepee apyee ooc cxecx poecco.

epoc cxeco eeoc opeeec poax a epeee. B opeeeo cee a epoc ycaec c c coaeoc oe oa ec ee, e aae. p paeo epepao aepocepoe epoc oe oca aeo cee y ax ox epeo oapyaec epceepa peeo aeo oacx. Ec epceepa e xo cpyypy coooeca pyoo oaooo opae oooo oa, o oa aeaec ca o epeo a pe peooeaec .

ee eeyao eeoc a pax cax epepaoo aepocepoa eoao. p aoee pax poex aoea y oca ox oapyaec opeeea coxpaoc ypo poecco ooe oee.

C popeccpoae aoea oeaec coeopaa epaoepoc ypo cxeco eeoc. Hapy c oee aa, p oopo oapyaec pe ypoe poecco ooe oee, oe caa oee cye, oope oaa, o x cyax eeyaa eeoc poeae a oee o ypoe. e, paccapaec . B. eap (1960) a apye oceoaeoc cye, cac c cpo acyae coaeoc cxecx poecco. coaeoc poec ee ea oe aa po peeoy ee aeca cxeco eeoc.

oe c epeo pae opa aoea aae cceoa ooo cpo ycaa oyc oe aa o x, pao epepy cyecee opoceee pa peeo e. Bo oee aa o eoa ce, acca, ee cyecex pao, o oaa coxpaoc ypo poecco ooe oee. Hapy c a oe pax pee y x ox oapyac ooe cye, ocoe oopx ea accoa o opocee, opeo-cyao paa. Ta, oa., o aae o eoe ce ye e py cpyeo, cyccex coo ocee ex paeoce, eao oee oy pyy o, ac epoep. Coe peee oa opye cey opao: Me, o ya pe eepaypy oyxa, pxoc ooac oa.

Ocoeo eo apye oceoaeoc cye oo oapy p cceoa eoa, coepa p aa pepo oaoo cooc, apep eoo opaoa aao, oopo co-aoo. Xapaepa ocoeoc x paccpoc e aaec o, o oe p opae x a a oyey oy eo ee cpa, oa e yopcy, oaa paoc coeo pee.

Coeopae ocoeoc oapya oe epepa aepocepoo p cceoa ypo pa. Ta, aae oa o oo ocopoo oa cooc paex aa, copaep x co co oooc. oa ae oeaec ecoo ae ypoe pa, a a oe ca oace po co ecocoeoc. O o, ooao peapy a aoe coe yceoe eyceoe peee. oy oa oeaec aea coaeoc. Ta, oo yceo o o 10-o 11-o aa, e oe eo o, a oce oo ye e oe o aeo oee ee aa 2-e 3-e. oe caoc cye, peoa eyepeoc cox ooocx aco acae x oaac o aeeo oe aa.

C popeccpoae epepaoo aepocepoa apye oceoaeoc cye cec co cee ypo poecco ooe oee.

peoaa pee aa, oopx oapyaec eoooc e cyecee pa, oe pyoocyc opocee paa. Accoa oc opeo-cyaoo xapaep. Cyeceo yeaec coap aac o oapyaec p oope co-aoo, pooo aa co. B accoao cepee yeaec oeco px peex pea (ocoeo epceepaopx).

oa oeac e poao (oeeo) xoa. Ta, yca opoc, oo c peo pae epepa aepocepoo, pee e oe, oope o opoc, ecoo eo pacoppy.

p aepocepoeco caoy aaec eocaooc oao y pe. oe ca apye p aa oex peeo. B cyax aeo paeoc oo e oo oop o aececo aa, oopa, a eco, oe oa p ecyo ee aoea. oa apye aa oapyac p pee o ooceo cox oo-oceco ooe pcyo. oceee aaec p' yoo aepocepoeco caoy.

Ocae ee e aac p poco aaopo apaoo aepocepoeco caoy. Ta aaeoe aececoe caoye xapaepyec ae eco ape opcaocoo cpoa. p cepeao-cxooeco cceoa x cyax oeaec peoe ocaee aoa ocoeo yepa. Heocaooc yepa ocae cee paeoc caoo ae: epe ecoo y oo e oe aa coecea, xo o oo ecoo pa oop eo, capac ao.

ceoapaecoe caoye p epepao aepocepoe xapaepyec py paccpoca e, apyee eo poc.-poe poecco ooe oee aeo ce, oea ocex o pe cepea pae eae. Paccpoca poc e cya ae p ax ooceo ecox aax, a ee eco c poye coa (poa aya). oe ca coa, aco e coopayc co cco aeo pa, e c c ocey peoe. oyee o opppyc c pyo. oe eceo oocc cceoa eo peyaa.

p paeo aepocepoeco caoy, poeae c ceoapaeco coao, cyeceo eec oeee ox p cceoa ypo pa. B cy peoo apye poc e oe coepeo e copaep ypoe pa co co oooc. Ceye oa a pyo eya oe aa x e oecypaa. a pao, e o oepeoe aae, oo e e eee epe ceyee, oee cooe, oo e opaaec ye oee e.

Coeopae ocoeoc popeae aepocepoecoe caoye p a aao-aoco-apaecx paccpoc (a aaeoe aceecoe caoye). B x cyax eca apa epeo aoae ecy apy p oex a Aeepa. ooy c xapaepy ae coco, a ceoaeepoce. B x cyax cepeao-cxooecoe cceoae y pe, oca pacca oaae cyecey oo poee epeao aoc.

OCECTB APTO EPEHO-MOOBO TPABM apa epeo-ooa paa cpeaec aeo ae, e opa. o a . . Apacoo (1971), ape epeo-ooe pa coca 90,4 % cex paaecx opae oooo oa. ocoeco, a ae ae pyoc, oa p paeo-pyoo (O.. Bec, 1971) cyeo cxapeco (T. H. opoa, 1974) cepe, ocec aee aocxooecx cceoa oae epo apo epeo-ooo pa.

B ee epeo-ooo pa e 4 ca (M. O. ype, 1948).

I aaa ca aaec eocpeceo oce pa xapaepyec oepe coa pao y (o o o oy) pao eoc (o ecox y aco o ecox e), o ac o ec pa oo. o ooa o ca acyae ae, oa eoa. B aao ca a apye pooopae, oa pooeee ye, opa, oca, poa, pee cyopoe pa. Haaa ca c o 3 cy. Paaac o pe peyeceo oeooa coaa a cpae pa oaoo opae oooo oa. y opaa oe ca occaaac o oeeec oee capx oee o, oe popee oo- oeee:

aae yc xae, a peec, paoe pea, ae oec oooc peeoo oaa.

II ocpa ca xapaepyec oyee, oopoe epeo ocaec, oa oo xo aao ca. oa cocoe ox aoae oee. a ca c ecoo e. Oeooa coaa e a y, o aa poc co oaoo ae. Xapaep aceece pa, pea caoc, aa, ooa o ooopye. B o ca oeac cxo, poeae ope pea oeoo a, ep, opcaoc cpo. p ocyc oex aopo, ocox eee ocpo ca, oo o opaae, o eo cocoe capyec.

III o ca, oopo cocea eycooc coco, oa ee e ooc ce co ocpo ca, a ae e ee ooo opoe ooaeoo oope peyax ee. e oee cxoee peoc po yxye cxecoo coco. ooy o ca ac pexoe cxo oae a aceeco oe cxoee pea.

IV peyaa ca (epo oaex ocec) xapaepyec co oa coa cece opaecoo opae a oooo oa yoao eocaooc peyeceo e oe acea eeo cocyco eycooc. B o ca opeeec eee aoea o y paaeco epepace paaeco eaoa. Bapao ocee P. A.

Haapo (1970) cae paaecoe caoye.

Haao ocpo ca epeo-ooo pa pcy pepee xapaep.

eeyao-ececa eocaooc x cax oc aeo oee py xapaep, e aee. o ao ocoa B. A. pocoy (1946) oop o oco'o ceoopaeco ee, oae cece epeo-ooo pa. oa cea co, oycoee yoa ooea paaecoo opae oooo oa, ocaec opaecoe po caoy, eee aoea a eoe pe caoc oee ca.

B pe cyae caoye y ox, epeecx epeo-ooy pay, oc popee xapaep. Taoe caoye T. H. opoa (1974) ooaaa a oceyee, oe o pepeeoo (peyaoo). oa popeccpoae caoy oo ae oce ecox e cao eco ap ocpaaecoo cxecoo eea. o e M. O. ypea P. C. oo (1948), aoe caoye e ec coceo paaec, oo cao c ooe oe peoc. B. . oapoa (1965) cyax ocyaeoo pa ocpaaeco ee e pae ooe peoc ooecoo ae. ocee, o ee e, pa po ycooo exaa, aeo ocyaeoe pae paaecoo opae oooo oa, cyecoaeo o oo oecpoao coco. o a ae (1976), apa ee x cyax e cooecye cee paeoc xapaepy ooex aoex aopo. Cee eeyaoo ce aeo oe, e oo o oa, cxo oe oo aepocepoeco aoo pao aooa. aae peoc cococy popeeoc paaecoo caoy, o eee o ooeo aoo ae cyeceo oeec o e paaeco epepao aoo. pocxo a coeopaoe ycopoee oepoae yx po aooecx poecco, opaaee pcy aooec cep, Ta, oaeo ca epeo-ooo pa pcoeee-aaoo epepaoo aepocepoa cococye peoy apaca ee, a ae ye oeaec eaopoe eee cocycoo aoea, e pecc, c ac ocp apye oooo pooopae oaeceo apepao epee.

a coe aoeae oeo-opaecoo eea, ocec epeo-ooo pa xapaepyc epy oepe acee, poec ec aocxooec oeo coaeoc, oopy . B. eap (1948) aae apa pao ocpaaecx ee cxeco eeoc. a coaeoc oapyaec p cceoa aocxooeco cepee eea eo peoco. ocpaaeca ooa aoo pae peo poeae e eeyao-ececx apye. o ae . B. eap, aa aoc cx oeaec a opao p poax paex ax oeo oooo oa.

. B. eap oaaa, o ocpaaeca coaeoc e ec oopo oe. Bee cpyype aop ee 5 apao.

1. coaeoc oc xapaep ace poec ce paoococooc oy oeoo o aa. Te eeyao paoococooc, opeee c oo a peea oca ce aax ye, caoc ce oee ee, a ep a cyae oeceo opeeeoe yxyee paoococooc.

2. B eoopx cyax coaeoc oc e y xapaep, a pae opy oepeoo coa, poec e apye ao-o opeeeo y, apep e coaeoc ececo y. pa aoa 10 co x cyax oc aoopa xapaep, ec ypoe oce ceec cao ececo poyoc.

3. coaeoc oe poc e apye ceo eeoc. ox oeac oepxococ cye, apye ee cyecex pao peeo e. Taoo poa oepxoce cye oc pexo xapaep c cece coaeoc. e eaeoe cxecoe apee oaaec ooo eoc po paeo coaeoc. Ho aoo poa coaeoc e cea c oo yoeoc. p oeo yoeoc pe e o apaca, o epe eoc cceoa, oeca oo yxye peex oaaee. p o e e coaeoc pocxo peeoe cee ypo eeyao eeoc. poe ooe y ox eo e ce, ocy ocaoo epepoae pee oex ooo cox aa. Xapaepa ocoeoc oo apye aaec eycooc cocoa oe aa. Aea xapaep cye ox oaaec eco.

Bo aoe-o oee eee eoe aae, oe e yepa pa oyc eeoc, epe pee epeyc c oo, eo opppye poecce cceoa. . B. eap (1958, 1962) opeea ao apye e a eoceoaeoc cye. Oa oapyaec a opao p ax oeo-opaecx aoeax, a epepa aepocepo, ocecx epeo-ooo pa.

4. coaeoc oe pac oeo cxeco pecaeoc. p eo oooo eeoc oea oceye paoa aae o eo, ec copoc p oe aa, oc apa oyce eeoc:

eco pecax cpye ao oceye aae pcoa pye, oxo o aaoo opaa. pecaeoc xapaepa opox, o y epeecx epeo ooy pay oa acyae pae oc oee py xapaep. Ocoeo eo o coaeoc oapyaec c oo ceao eo cceoa pece (A. Karsten, 1928).

5. B pe cyae coaeoc poec e eoooc opaoa caoo cxecoo poecca, epo ce epepaoo oyca. B aece pepa . B.

eap po epoec acyae y ox, epeecx apy epeo ooy pay, apye yaa, oa oaae oceyeoy pee eo opaee opeec o poooy pay. Hapcoay pyy ao oo opeee coo py . .

oea coaeoc xapaepye cxecy eeoc ox oae epo epeo-ooo pa ec pao, peao a p opae aoo poa oeex coco o ee cxox, apep p eoxooc epeao aoc ey coaeco ocpaaeco co ece. Oa oapyaec p aocxooeco cceoa a, a, eeyao paoococooc ceo eeoc. ccey e oe opac e, o opeee ae oeo coaeoc oo epecex o eeoc ooo cya cceoa;

o oe a ocaoo oy xapaepcy coaeoc cooec c peeo ooe.

coaeoc oe paea epo, eocpeceo cey a aao ocpo ca, oa, o a . B. eap, ee eo e opeec xapaep apye cxecx y, oy o o pepeccoy popeeoy y, o ceecye o aoc caoo apye. coaeoc cxecx y oapyaec ocaoo oae epo epeo-ooo pa, ycac c pcoeee aocepecx aopo, epyppeo coaeco aoo.

Oapyee coaeoc, ee aecea xapaepca opeeee cee paeoc oy e aoe cepoe aee, cococoa yoe oooeco aoc yaoo pooa. O.. Bec (1971) oeae, o aocxooecoe cceoae ooae yo e oo xapaep eco coa, o yoa ao ocpaaecx coco ae ee pe cyae. peaee aee opeee cee ypa pyococooc. C o e cceoae y, epeecx epeo-ooy pay, aop poo c oo ceaoo aopa eo^ (ayae 10 co, a peea, eo coee o B. M. oay, a ye). Bce eo pec aaa oea ypo oce p ocyece eo eeoc. Ta opao, cepee coaaac. cya, cococya e coaeoc opeee ycooc oyca eeoc. B peyae cceoa O.. Bec ycaoeo, o o ocoeoc a eeoc p ocpaaecx aceecx cocox c paopeee paaaeoc ypaeoc, cpo ceec yoee. o a ae, coooe ey paaaeoc ypaeoc, c oo copo, coaeoc c pyo, ac o cee paeoc paaecoo opae, ocpaaeco eaoa. e oe pae eaoaece ee, e eee ae poe paaaoc.

Tao e apae oo ycao ey cee eeyaoo ce epoae paaaeoc.

Bpaeoe paaecoe caoye cpeaec e a y aco. o a A. .

ecoo (1943), paaecoe caoye opeeoc y 3 100 , epeecx epeo-ooy' pay, o . . aoo (1960),y 9 176. H.. yc (1983) yaae, o paaecoe caoye cpe paccpoc oaeoo epoa cocae 35 %.

Ec e ca cyae pa paaecoo caoy o aocepec exaa, oo ae ec cece ex oy oa c epeoo ocoa epea opx epeo-oox pa. P. C. oa (1948) ycaoa, o p apo pae oo peyeceo cpaa oe oo-coe oe op ooo oa. B peyae oo apyaec eeoc aoee epepoax oe coppoax eeeco ooe cce oooo oa. o e ). .

Apacoo (1971), aoo x e oeo oooo oa ee ooe aee oppoa ocpaaeco ee.

ece poe ocpaaeco ee ocaoo paoopa: oo e apa, oopec o y pocoo caoy, ceoapaa, apaooo caoy, xapaepyec peyeceo aeo-oc apye. B. . oapoa ee 2 ocox apaa cpoo ocpaaecoo caoy: pocoe paaecoe caoye c yopoeoc oee p a eoopo aeo eycooc;

cxoaooo cpo (co apa caoy), p oopo aac pacopoeoc ee, cepece poe, oa op, ypaoc, oea caooea.

B c c cxooeco aoce ocpaaecoo opaecoo cpoa aoe aee popea cceoa oc. Oae epo apo epeo-ooo pa ae ceo oeaec pae xapaepooec ee p eaeo yepeo ce eeyao-ececo eeoc (xapaepoaec apa opaecoo cxocpoa o T. Bilikiewicz, 1960).

B cya cceoa oe ae ceo oapya paey aey aoc (c e eco epe . B. eap cae coaeoc cxecx poecco). oce poe y ox, epeecx poo epeo ooy pay, oac o paoopae e oo o eco ape, o o a aocxooecoo cceoa. oe epo coeaec c poepce, o ae c cpaepce. p cceoa o eoe eo Pye ae ceo oeaec oca caooea acao a o aa opo cac, acao coa o ae xapaepa. Ha caooey ooo aaae oeao paea aea aoc, pae eo oae caooea cyaoo-epeccoo a, ocoeo o ae acpoe. p ceoapaeco apae caoy caooea oc opec-aoooec xapaep. B eco epe ec poe cooecye xapaep ooo ypoe pa.

Ta, p epoo- cxoaooox poex eco ape ae ceo aaec oa xpyoc ypo pa, p ceoapaecx ex p ypo pa, e opppyeoo ypoe cx oce.

cceoae ocoeoce oc o MMP1 poo p ooceo eeyao coxpaoc ox. o cceoae o oee coaeoc cpoe acyee pecaeoc. ao-o ce, oycoeo epeo ooo pao, p o e oapya. a opao ycaaac ocoeoc ooe ooo caoy ay cceoa cpoooec opeec pcye ey oce ee e oxopecx, o-ecx, cxoaooox coco . . Cxoe ae oye a c oo opoca ea aco oeac coea aeya. Ha oe cooo cpeeo oaae aeya ec ocoeo coe oaae o aa c, oyoc, aeo aoc, eocpaoc.

AOOM Aoo ec oe cxec aoeae (ocoae), oopoe p ocoo pepye ee po oppoa popeeoo opaecoo cxocpoa aooo epaa oc. Paeee opaecoo cxocpoa ocoo yepa p aooe oc yco xapaep, a cxoaooecx cpoa eco epeee, x poe oocpeoao opaa po a ooecx, a coax aopo. Paeee x pao oc ocoo paaec xapaep, a eoopx cyax opaae eoopy ccoa cee x paeoc.

oo oe cxo aocxoo, cooca oyaee ae c eco xapaepco ca aoea.

Paa p ca aooa.

I1 aaa ca xapaepyec cxeco acoc o aoo, apacae oepaoc cpoy, oee aceco, poxc aco aaoa oex co coeo oee coco oe. B o ca coepaec epexo o oecoo ca cceaecoy.

II paepya ca xapaepyec eyep, oyc eee aoo. Toepaoc aoo ocae acya. oppyec ace cpo. oec eca acoc o aoo. Oeac paee apye ca. Boo aooe cxo.

III oea ca xapaepyec cee oepaoc aoo peoaae eco acoc o eo o cpae c cxeco. Haoe paeoc oca cxece poe aceoo cpoa. Aooe cxo ac oapya ee popapoaoy ee.

oe aooo epaa oocc e oo aeo ca aooa. Ee epe poe aac aae aoea, a c eee aooa o popea ce oee popee eopa xapaep.

B I ca y ox aooo oapyac ee poea oaaex poecco. o a opao oocc ocae a. Baae oee oaaec cee yepa a, a ae aoa. Accoaa a cpaae oo p a aoooo caoy. Heocaooc exaecoo aoa (eccoe yocoea) oepeae ocaee oec-ccoo a.

Hapye a o oo ac o eocaooc a, eo cocpeooe ocoeo ycooc. Bo oo x xapaep opeeec peoaae e yoax opaec-ecpyx ooeo. o axo opaee xapaepe po aoa 10 co: I II cax aooa oa aoopaa, a oe yoeopex oce ececo y oeac ee ca;

III ca pa aoa oc op, ep xapaep oaec pae eco ypoe oce. Taa aa paccpoc a opaae oppoae opaecoo cxocpoa.

pecae epec yee e opaoc ececo eocaooc a pax cax oe, pepoe B. A. Xyo (1980, 1983). Cee eeyao ececo eeoc y ox aooo aop ya oe ocye ooo caoap, oce poeeoo pooaoooo ee (epe 45 e), ycox epaeecx pecc peo aooa a poe 3 e. B poecce ee eoopoe yyee oaaee ececo eeoc acyao a opao y ox aao ca aooa, p paeo aooo epaa poecce ee oaae a yyac ao e oca opax e (pc.

28).

Taa e aa oeaac p cceoa eeyao paoococooc o eoe peea: c popeccpoae aoea caac poyoc oe o aa, pa ypo oce oca ce oee op xapaep (pc. 29), o opaae cey epceeco aooo epepace oceeco opo.

oee oaaee a, a, paoococooc, pocxoee c c poee ypco ee, opaae oee yyee cxeco eeoc, o o oo ac o yee paeoc yoax ooeo, yacyx coa' ap eocaooc oaaeo eeoc aao ca aoea. B aeo epe yyee x oaaee cao c eee peyae poeeoo ee ooe ooo cya cceoa, oee eo aoc cpeee oaa ye peya.

xapaepc cxecoo eea p aooe ay po pae opeeee cee paeoc a ocx ee. opa aepa a cepeae eo: oc opoc Aea, cceoae caooe o eo Pye, a ae aee a o cya cceoa, yee pcyeo ypo pa. B eoy eo Pye cceoa ox aooo oa a acpoee, ceeoe aooye, cyea apepa, oaoc (cooc), ooee aoo.

C oo oyex peyao o aocxooec oaae oo e 4 ocox a oc ox aooo.

I poeppoao-epoec (epoooo) . o pcye aeoe yeee oaae o ae epoa, paea poeppoaoc, cyaoo-epecca caooea co cooc caooe, ecooc, xpyoc ypo pa. Booee epoo-oox poe cao a c ocae ee ace-py e, a c peae ooo a eee eo coaoo cayca pcye ey cce ooe p eco coxpaoc poc coey coco ecccec poocec ycaoa, pcy ey e coco oe. ec cyecey po pae ycee peopx ocx coc ooo.

II cpaeppoao-epoec (cxoaooo) xapaepyec paeo cpaeppoaoc, co oaaee epoa. ec ae ac eaeae cya oce pea. oce ee oee ca oc xapaep cox aoax oeeecx pea. Xpyoc ypo pa cepee coeaec c oeo papaeoc. p cceoa caooe o eo Pye ocycy o caooe, eppea caooe coc oca opa pycppyx aopo e ooo eo eeeoc.

p o e ocx ee poecce cceoa caooe oapyac coeopae poe exaa cxooeco a, coec e ce e ao y a.

ec cxoaooooo oee ae ceo oopc a aceec, cepec, co aaec cpo (A. A. opo, . H.

a, 1971). Oao aaec cpo copee ceye paccapa a poee ca oee yooo opae oc.

cpaeppoaoc ax ox cyae p eco ae eo ec p ceao ocpoeo aocxooeco cceoa (T. . epaeo, 1970). ocaoo eo cpaeppoaoc oapyaec p cceoa o eoe Aea. p o oa coeaec c co epoo oeo oyaoc (o a caooe o eo Pye). B o e pe ceye oe, o cpaeppoaoc ooo aooo eoa, oa e oo peepa, a o o e T. . epaeo, o eea aeceo, oc aooec xapaep c c pcy o ee cce opeoce oo.

Ocae e a a ocx ee p aooe e oco cceoaee, cooax c o e eo MMPI (. B. opcoa, 1971;

.H.Co, B. C. peeo, 1971;

E. C. Meoa, 1980, 1981;

D. M. Donovan, E. F.

Chaney, M. . OLeary, 1978). p epooooo apae poe oc peoaae oe o aa epoec peo, p cxoaoooo o aa cxoa epec.

III cpaeppoao-aoooec . ec cpaepc caoc aocoepaeo, oye cyo cpaeppoao oopex ocx pea oaac coepeo ecyecee aop opyae eceoc. Ha ep a cya aooa aooo, eceoe ooee coey acoey coco yyey. Caooea caoc pyo eaeao.

Ocoeo pae exa cxooeco a, popeae o aooec xapaep aaec eooopoo ee caoopaa. Caa oa opyax ycoc opoe ooo pecaec ey epaoepo: Hex e cpea, ccop oa, y oo e ae, o ooe a paoe, oa ce opao (oo ., aec coco oe ee oee pae), coce po c ca aooy, oa , ca oyc, c e e pyac . .

Caooea x ox epeo oe poopea, ce o xapaepy ce a e c paeo cooc, o o e pe p cceoa opoco ea oea yce cooc, oyoc, aey aoc.

B exaax cxooeco a ox aooo . E. Paxac (1977) ee e copo: ype ocec ep ee poc, ooaoc, o;

e caa c e py oa aooo, c po e apyeae, oeo cepeoa.

. C. payc (1974) ocex ox aooo e oo poe ax ocx exao. Ocoy py x o ycapae pcyx o eex oaoo cep. Aoo aax ooo ocpaec ye e oo a cpeco, yoeopee eo e opeoc, o a cpeco, eoxooe yoeope opeeex opeoce cex e. ooy opaa oo aooo peae oo p ocox ocoecax oce cecco c c ocaae, a ocao eo o ooceo yopee cpx ao oc copee acyae xapaep. o poee xapaepx ox aooo apye epapx oo opeoce.

C exaa aooeco cxooeco a, ecoeo, ca coeopa aoo op oc, py, . e aoooo opa, xapaepo x ox paa, oapyac eeapaeo ecee c , o ee ee o c p cceoa caooe o eo Pye, oa c oo eo TAT.

oo C. (II ca aooa) ocae apy TAT, a oopo opae po eoea ooo poee, cey opao: Cye . e oy eoy cay . Oo o ea o e oe. Ece eyoco ax yo o o, o opaac ao o epe oo, o e oaac capo axepe. Bo ceo cye . e e coe pe. Boao ey ee oeo a o pa oo o opo. Bo xopoo oya cye . ae a oo, poa a po....

ec, oo poe aoooo opa, opaae a ce ae coeopaa apecca o paccaa, eo oe peepeee a, ea coa, ee oaa o co cpeo a poee eocaoo oocoao apecc co copo pecaee cpe, cpeee y o oo cya, oo ee, yoee o pee poe.

B ope aooo, a peeo pepe, aco e ee apeccoc, apaeo po opyax. oy e pae ooe aee, acoc p pae aoy ox aooo , cpaax opaeco aooe ox oeo oooo oa, . C. payc (1974). eo ooe apeccoc, o .

C. payc, pae aoooy opy pa xapaep. Bceac e, cocy, py, epeo epe cya cyaee eaceo oaac e oe ceeo ooo. oee oo, . C. payc oeae, o oe aooo oce e oaa pa yco opa. C yyee aooo epaa oc o ca ce oe apye p eoxooc o cc opcecoo pcya, yy. Ce x aax caoc o, o e pecaec ce opooy, ceae oo ceoo oc ce oee o xapaep.

p cceoa aoooo cxecoo eea ooe aee popeae oea coxpaoc y ooo poc. poc, oopa C. . Pyeo (1946) paccapaac a epoe opaoae oc, aocxoo paceaec a a pep oe cxeco eeoc (. B. eap, 1962, 1969;

. .

oyxoca, 1972, 1974). o . B. eap (1968), poc ec aopo, ceecy o oco coxpaoc ox. Paa (. . oyxoca, 1972) p acea poc: co cye, ec caa;

cee, oee coe oc;

co cxoaooec epea. o eee poc a pae eco epe ycoo, apep oea coe oc, ecoeo, peye coxpaoc poc co cye . . paa aocaoc epecex o poc, ycox cceoa p oooe ae aocxoo coye aeop yoe xapaepa peyeceoo apye poc.

Xapaepe aooa ee poc poc apyex poc ceo eeoc, oapyaex c oo peoeo a coeco c B. A. Xyo (1982) eo, yaae apye ooo poepe cpae peyao coe eeoc p aae caooe. C o e B. A.

Xy (1983) caooey ox aooo cooca c oeo oeo o e e oaae, pooo pocea ooo. Pacxoe caooee oeo oee p cooa opoca Aea eo eo Pye yeac o epe apaca cxecoo eea. caoeo, o ee aoea apye caooe c pae, e paccpoca poc oaaeo eeoc, ee o coppoa paeoo aoooo caoy.

Hapye poc a oe pep aooo epaa.

IV aaec-poeppoa ec paee pyo aooo epaa oc xapaepyec acoaoco coea c yco poeppoaoc, ceecye o ypae coax oao, o yxoe o peao eceoc, o coepeo ocyc epeca pocxoey.

peaaea ec cceaa o ocx ee p aooe e oe, a ca pya, peeoa a cepa xapaep. Oao, ya o, o eee ocx ee opaa apy aooo cxeco epaa e coo oepeo cee, coo ae, o oy cococoa opeee ca aoea, cee xapaepa cxecoo eea. caoee a ocx ee oe cooao cxoepaeeco peaaoo pao, ae cxooppeoe a, pooe cxooo.

oye oeoo pecae o oo aocxoo coocae oapyee y eo oce ee c a o eeyao-ececo ypoe. aa oo ypo o eaex eco epe opax apye a oex opppyex poecce cceoa oox cye o y eocaoo oceoaeoc o pyx poe aoooo caoy c apye poc ceo eeoc xapaepye cee paeoc opaec-ecpyx ee ooo oe.

aocxooecx cceoa p aoox cxoax pooc ao. Taoo poa cceoae o pepo ae aopaop y ox c aoo epe (. . Oeaeo, 1983). cceoa cooa a aoee aea ocaeo aae eo Popaxa. poceea ea aa epe p cpae oaaee, oyaex c oo eoa Popaxa, a pax cax eo op. B acoc, a coe cxoa oapyac pye paccpoca ocp oo-ocece, eooye, cee aao-ceecx oooce, xaooc ocp, ee epceepa oay. B cepe ocx ocoeoce oeac c poepc, yca, eypaea aeoc. eppea opae coac aooo eae, oeac ypoa xapaep ocpaex o opao. o xoe eo op a oe occaoe epeo eeoc oapyac ocaoe e cxoa (apye eooye, e eaeaoo aeoo cea), oeac c copoy cpaec.

OOPEH o oopee oa pyy aoea pao oo, o oopx ec cxecoe eopae. Bepy oepe o poec eeyao eocaooc xapaepyec cpoo ooceo caoo, e popeccpyeo caoy. Oao eeyaa eocaooc e cepae ce ap oope. oopeo oeaec eopae pyx coc ooaoc, oop, ocp, a.

Oopeecoe caoye oaec o caoy cece popeex peo oo opace opaecx aoea oooo oa. p ocex pocxo paca ye exc cxecx coc, a p oope coca e paac. B epy oepe o oocc aoee o oeeeco ooe poe cxeco eeoc. Ta, oopeo xapaepo eopae, eocaooc ooo, acpaoo e. Mee oopeo oc peyeceo ope xapaep. a ocoeoc oopeecoo e pao paea ypax ox po caa c yo caoy.

Oo oeo aocxooecoo cceoa oaac e. e o cea aocxooec cceoa, a pao, e oepac. p oceoa eo ao e oo ycao a eeyaoo eopa, o opee yy eo. Ocoeo aco oo pey opoc cyeo-cxapeco oeo cep.

Mee oopeo xapaepyec eocaooc ypo poecco ooe oee. Cye ox p pee cepeax aa oc opeo cyao xapaep. O e oy oec o opex, acx pao e cyecee pa, . e. eocao oaaec acpapoae, oooc opaoa ox o.

ocoeoc oopeecoo e ceo ec p cceoa po eo, ocoeo acca. Boy pyy oec pee, oope pecae ooo ca c opeeeo, opeo cyae. Ta, eo oec oy pyy pee ee, o epeo oceyee ooc epy (oa a coe co), y (pa aepa ec, a y ca ao).

pae pyo eo opaoae py o oee acpa paa, apep, eee epex popo. Ee oee py pecaec cey a acca, pey oee pa py oee pye, copaee, oa pxoc oe oeo e cyeca, oeo pace, oeo ee pee. Oceyee x cyax ca eoo oeee oy pyy ee, pacopa cpyeo, e oa, a oo oe ece ox e.

Aaoe ae oya p cceoa eoo ce. ec ae pee aa oc ope xapaep, opac a eee aco opoceex, cyaox ce. Ta, oec oy pyy ope, eoa a (y oo oc opee eoae, o oyc o ope o eoaa oc x ye). Heoope aa ooe pecac oceye eo. Ta, o ecax, oax, epoepe acax cyee oop, o o ce pae cpe x e e p peea, ee o-o oee.

Heocaooc ypo poecco ooe oee y eo cepee ec p cceoa oooc opeee o. a pao, opeeee o pooc oocoo, a ocoe opoceex, ecyecex pao. Ta, opee oe co, oe xapaepy eo o aepay, oopoo o cea, o a epex oe, ye cyae o peaae (o ya ca), o oa e yaa eo poox pao.

Xapaepe ae oya oo p oceoa eo eoo cpae o. Ec pae ey o oceyeoy ee yaec ycao (o e aocyece paa), o oee ey o e e oy. Hapep, oo ., cpaa co cy, oop: He eo ey oeo, o pae e.

A paa o, o co oo, a cy ae. Ha cye c, a coe y. p cpae oa coa: He a, o ey oeo. oa yae ceo a e e, a coaa ec co a e e e. p cpae o cea: o e oeo? o pae e. o e a epa, a ce yxo e e.

p cceoa eoo ce e ae eo o aa, ec cpy peycapae c o, o o pyx, pee, e p eoxooc yaa p peea, ex ey coo o-o oee.

C. . Xpaoa (1965), pooa cceoa eoo cpae o y ee oopeo, oapya y x, oo ecocooc e ae ep o cooec x c ooa oe, ceyee: cpaee pooc o ecooecy paa: o (o ocpe, a epee), eocaoo ooe pecaee o eax, e, ceecye o cyoc cee: oa opoa (oa eae, a opoa . opoa ae ooo, a oa ceo. opoa acec, a oa e).

eo aeo apyeo oppoae cyccex o. Ta, p cceoa o eoe A. . oopoo (1962) o oy oeo e pa, a ocoe oopx oppyec cycceoe oe, opy, e. Ho oe oa paa a o ocoe e cycceoe oe o e oy. Tae e apye ca oceyee oope p acca ex yp. O poo acca o oe paa ope, ey (c ecoo o apye) ee, o poec acca o y paa (apep, o ope ey) o e oy, a a oo ao oe a paa oppoa pe.

p eoxooc ee cyecex pao e epeo aece x e opoceee, eoaee. B pe aa peee oycoeo p accoa: eee acc, pa ap.

O p opaoa aao y eo oycoe e oo pyoc ycaoe oecx ooe, o eco epoc cxecx poecco:

oceyee aae oo aec pe o py peye aao.

Opaoae opa oaaec oo p opeo xapaepe aaeoo aoa coa (yc y, ea paoa). pae py oocpeoa c acpae o (ea, pae, coee).

eo oeaec apyee oa epeocoo cca oco eaop.

oa, apy c ocoa eaopa, epeocoo cca oopx oo oceye e oae, oy oee, ocye ey, oco. o opeeec aeo epe ee cee x acpaoc pe oo ooo.

oa e, ae oa epeoc cc oco, e coaaec c e, a a oo oee cya, a opoepae ocoy. Oeee o x opex cya oopeo pae apyeo.

Cop co cco oco, oceyee e pe cyae oapya poe coeopaoo ycoo peoepca. Eo xapaepye paea peeoo oeoa o oceyeoo, cpeee oya p pae cyo aace a, pa oca ycaoa. Taoe peoepco ec oecaop, e eo yepee coeo peca aax opyax.

p pee oceyeoy oco eocaoo cpoa poooe eoae ee epeocoo cca. Ceye oaeo yec, o o e oycoeo apye opypoa eo coe c. Co e poepec, acoo cc oco oaaec ocy oceyeoy p occoa opeeeoo oeca, opeo cya. o pe oee p ycaoe cee eoc.

oa e e oy oc epeoc cc oco, o pao opa pa ca peex ccey. B o apae cceoa pa, oope oo oe oec cooecy ocoa, cya a ocao, oea eo aay. Oapyee oo e ceecye o o, o epe a oo c yepeo, ae eo cee eoc, ocoy p paeo eoc o apa eo oaaec ox oee py, e poco ocee ae oco.

eo apyeo oae cca paccao cex pcyo. p yoo eoc oe oce e oa x cca, p eo cee oepxoco epecaa pacca ocae pcyo, e poa ae e cc.

Ta, oo B., oce opooo, oo ecy, epecaa oyoa a, ae:

Heo ocoeoo ec e. O xoe oaa, o o oe co a coe, a oco oepxoc.

Ee oee py eo oaaec ycaoee oceoaeoc co o cep pcyo. p yoo eoc oceyee e coco ycao pae cea ae o eca ecoo cep pcyo. O pacaa pcy cyao ope oca a oeo. pe ocae epeo coc pocoy epece eae. oa oceyee ox epax yaa ce, o oee pcy o oea epao. Ta, o, o a pcyax opaeo eco aa o oo, oceye ep pcyo oeae oe cep: Maa c c epea, oo poa o o oe oy. Payeec, p eo cee eoc ae aa cye oc e ocooo pya, o ye eoopoe ycoee e x ecocoeoc. ceo oapyaec ecocoeoc ax ox p pee cep pcyo cpya, ocoeo oa oce pcyo cep oce cc peyx. ea e yaec aoo poa pepoce epeoc.

Bo a ocaec eo oa cep pcyo: e ya. Ta opo acyc. epeo co. Coo po ce. Baee oa ec. Ey apo cao.

oec o a epeo a y. Pay o e ca. o-o xopoee ey coc.

O c ceec-ceec. A oo pocyc. Aoo ey opoa ooa caa a ey o o e oco. o e oo cey opao epeae coepae cep pcyo cpya yaoc: e ya. a yo a paoy.

Hacpey ey y poe.y. Ao o ye pe c pao oo, apoc. Co ooo yaa cop epao. epe eoopoe pe y eo poca opoa , oa o c e pe a paoy, ce copy yc cec. A oo o ce aa opaa opo yc. O, aepo, caa, o aa oa oa. oo o opc, ocpc. axoeoc ey a. Ace cop a eo, yc: eo o cp opoy? oa yc, oa o oyc opoy, ceac yc.

pae ocoeo epecaa oee pcy, oceye ce e e yo ocooo eae opaaeoo a x eoea opa.

e ye paea eoc, e eee oaaec eco ooo. Oao ec oca eo, oeppyx p ooo cpo ee pe ayc ooceo o coap aaco (O. E. peepo, 1964;

. E. Cyxapea, 1965). Aa peeo poy oaae, o a oocoe x ox cpaec cao ee ooo e coap aac pe x oye aa, aco eepo yopec coa (yca coeca acpa, o. . Tpoy).o eo ycao cceoae o eoe oopa aoo, oa poepec e oo coap aac, o cooece co opeeeoy coepa.

O eoopx ocoeocx oc oopeo oo cy cceoa ypo pa. Oo y opox oceyex a op oceyeo aa e ycex eyaa pee oeoo acoee pe. oopeo aa caooea poecce cceoa e paaaec (. B. Byoa, 1965). O coepeo eyo epy oayc o pyy apoy e po ao-o ooao pea a eyay oe aa. oopeo c eee yoo cee eoc ypoe pa paaaec oy cceoa: aae o coepeo e coooc op cooc oceyeo aa c ycexo eyae pee acoeo aa oe oa aa p ycexe pa oee pye, a p eyae oee ee aa.

Hepeo y oopeo oaac apye ae, ocpe, a.

Bae, ocoeo poooe, oaec y oeo. B poe a aoae ao oo aae, apep, 4 coa. Ey oopo aa ce oeae aoa coa. oce oo oo aae ye pye 4 coa, o e oe co aaec pee coa. Bae c pyo epeaec c ooo a eeoc a pyo, eycoo.

p paeo eoc ocpe eopaoe, eocaoo eoe. o oocc ocp pex opao, oa oceyee ya opae oxox peeo, oxo paa ea. p oae apo ea pyo yo eocoe coepae, ooy o epec oee ea pcya.

Bpaeoc ocae a aco cooecye cee caoy. e ye eoc, e oee aea eocaooc a. oepee oo cya ae, oyaee p cceoa eo eoo aya 10 co. pecae epec coooee ey exaeco oeco a. p eo eoc e cyeceo pa ey oaae, xapaepy oa a a. ao p paeo eoc exaeca a cpaae ee. yo ea oocpeoaoe ayae pecaec oe py, a po a accoay a aec pyee, e ayae 10 co;

accoa apax co o e yaac, ooy aae oaaec x o o oey (coep 20 co).

a eoa oe cooaa ex cyax, oa ao pe opoce ye eeyao-ececo eocaooc, o ee ooe paecoe aee, epy oepe cep. Peaec o opoc p cecopoe cceoa c peee a oo oeo ca eo. poe oo, pae eo c o e o cooac ecox apaax o oee ex oee py.

Cyeceoe aee popeae oa cceyeo opppoa cye oceyeoo. Boooc oppe ceecye o oee eo cee eoc.

B o ae oe oaac oe cceoae o eoe oyaeo cepea (A. . aoa, 1965, 1971), p oopo ae aocxooa apaeo ocoo a opeeee eoc oca poecce cceoa. B ocoe cceoa e ooee . C. Bocoo (1934) o oe aeo pa, xapaepye oooc yceoo pa peea opeeec epexoo o oo, o o yee ea caocoeo, oy, o o coco o c oo oceyeo. B cyoc, cceoae ypo ooe oee c oo oca aocxooecx eo coep ee oyaeo cepea.

Boooc epeece oceye ye ycoeoo oa a oee aaox aa popeae ocooe aee ycaoe cee paeoc eoc. Boooc epeece ycoeoo oa opeeec c oo cax pax eo. Hapep, oceyeoy peaaec cpa oe cy co.

p o oapyaec, o o e oe ca opee x cxoco. ccey ocaae ey, o cpaaee o c peea ee. Caa ocaa ec oe oc oocyea xapaep: aae eee ope, p eyceoc ee ocey cpaae ooo, ax aaax poac cpaaee pee. Ta opao, oceyeoy ocec p axoe oeo ey apo o. Ha ceye ae cceoa oceyeoy peaa cpae o ae ao. ocaa p o oc ao xapaep: o oeo ey ? o oe pee ee? B oceye ap o oec o oee acpaoy pay (oca, peea oa, ac cyo). Ta opao, opeeec, acoo oceye oyae cya cceoa cocoe acpapoa.

aocxooeco aoc eoc e opaac epa eoa, ocoeo ca c ypoe oeopaoaex a. p ao poee cceoa a eoc oo p cya eaoeco ayeoc.

cceoae oaeo oo a eepae eo, aeo ee epe opaec a oeopaoaey oooy oceyeoo (y ooca, cyec poe co, eocae ea, coee yp o Becepy, poa a oaopy A. H. epea).

B. . yoc (1981), oepa ecy eopeeeoc poopeoc oa pa cceoae o eepae eo, coe ooc cooec c oo pe A. Anastasi (1961), ec eeoc ec, e peye e, xo x cooae ae oee oceyeoo c cepeaopo coecy cpy. oa a opao eepae eo, B. . yoc aapye ae cepeax cceoa, poeex. .

ayapo (1980). C oo ecoo apaa eca Becepa aaa . A. aaca (1977) poeeo cceoae y 2 py ee c aepo cxecoo pa yceo ocax. B epeao aoce aoee a oaac eo eepae cyec a Becepa. Coocae peyao o epa eepa cyeca y oceyex oex py aop pae e oo aocecoe, o poocecoe aee. epeao-aocecoe poocecoe aee eepax aa, o B. . yocoy, oo yc peee oox aa pao cooc, o ooo ya oo cceyeo, ocay.

Ceoaeo, pe e o ee eepae aa pa oyaeo cepea.

Oapyee eoc oe pa po e oo cepo pae, o p pee opoco cxapeco epeao aoc.

oo ., 37 e, ocy cxapec caoap c c o y eo epa aoo c peooe aoo ope. aa po ye a opo e, oao paccyeoe ooee ocycoao. oo paccaa o x c eoyee oea, o o p ey ycoaa, yea. p paccpoce yaoc c, o oe oao cyxa peecoaa cxoe, oo ooac -a oo, o eo opoco-c e pe oea oo.

p aocxooeco cceoa xapaepe ope paccpoca e aeo-oco cep e oapye, o oee ea eocaooc a, eycooc aoo a, oea yaeoc, e yepeo paeo eocaooc ypo ooe oee c eee opeoc cye, e ocoeoc. p cpae o eocaooc cea peapoaa a caoc aaa, o eco cee oceye oapya cocooc ocpa ocay, oyae. p cceoa c oo yo ooca ac eocaooc ocpyoo e.

oyee p aocxooeco cceoa ae oc coeopae poea cxoeo pea, oo oopo ocya epeo paea eoc.

OPAHHE HEPBHO-CXECE PACCTPOCTBA o pye aoea oocc epo, cxoa cxece apye p coaeco aoo. x oee poeyooe ooee, oopoe o aa, c oo copo, ey opo cxeco aooe , c pyo copo, ey cxeco coaeco aooe, pa ey oop aco pyo poec. .

A. Aecapoc (1978) cae, o exa, opeee pa opaoo aooecoo cxeco eeoc, e oo aao yoax oooce. eo y ooc pa H. . eca (1971) paccapae aece ocooo pep ee opax paccpoc. B acoc, aop oop o ooc epexoo ey opo aooe, ey oee coco yp cax op ao cxap o ooc aoooe ey oc cxoe cyao ocoeca. C ooc pa cao aeoe ooopae poe epo-cxeco aoo.. . a-y (1933) e oo oaa oy aoc opax paccpoc, o c ey aeoc aaoa cxecx apye, oocx ao cxap, ya ocoeoc , y oopx o aac. Aop ae ycao a ypoeoo oppoa opao cxeco aoo.

Mooopae op opao cxeco aoo ceecye o ae aocxooeco aoc ao cxap. B eee epe yace cxooa peyec p epo-cxecx opax apyex. yceoo poee cxoepa pa oe pacoaa yyeo yao-oco xapaepco ooo, a eo peope ocoeoc, a pocxoo oppoae eo oc, ao eo aoooe co cpeo, ao oyc pea ooo a cpeccoy cya (e oo acoee pe, o poe ee epo). B c c C. C. x (1974) ceo coo oeae aee cxoepa eco cxoo a co aocxooecx cceoa, a c cooae eoo coao cxoo. ocee yceo apeoeoa ce oope py ox o caac ey ooe, ope aoee oxoeo o o py ox cxoepaea . .

aocxooeca aoca p opax paccpocax o epy oepe aoca oc. He ceye, oao, oppoa po cceoa ocoeoce oaaeo eeoc. aoca epoo cxoa cea e ye epepoa c epoo- cxoaooo coco, oa c c poeccya, opaec coaec aoea. Ta, aceecoe cocoe oe oycoeo cxoeo cyae, oeo-opaec opaee oa cece epeo-ooo pa, acepy coaec (eo) aoeae. Bee aoaa aceecy coaa oe cyeceo pecaea e epooooo ope. Haoe, ace ec ey coo epepaoo aepocepoa eo aax cax coepeo eoxoo poec epeay aocy ey epoeco acee y ooo eoea aepocepoeco epepacee. To e caoe oocc cxoaec cpoa o oy cece poex aoao ocx ocoeoce aooecoo pa, a oy ec poee ope opaecoo poecca. Bce o peye a epo ae oceoa ooo pe opoc oooeco aoc. aocxooeca aoca ec oc xapaep eao oo, . e. oa cococye pee opoca o ocyc a apye oaaeo eeoc ocx ocoeoce, xapaepx cxecoo aoea, oopoe oe poea c epoo- cxoaoooo coao.

. . apaccapc (1980) yaae a o, o, xo ec eo oceoa ox epoa ae o, o coe pa axo oee ooe paee ocox cyecyx acoee pe eoecx oxoax cepeaoy ye oc, o ce e e oe x ooc ae. p o aop oepae ceye ocoe ococa cepeao-cxooecx eoo: yee pea oc pooc opopyex ccey ycox, o ooe p opao acca pee e ocpooe a cooca ae, oyee pax ycox a pax oceyex (p epe) ;

aee o oc oepyec, a a cepeaa eoa ae e oo paa oye ax o oc, o paa x eppea ex aeo ocpoooc;

oyaee p ao cceoa peya oy ao ace o oa, aa, ocx ocoeoce cceyeo;

cepe ooe aoee oo, paocopoe xapaepoa oc oceyeoo.

pee aoo-o ooo cepeaoo eoa oaaec eocaoo ooo cceoa oc. cycco aocxooa aaec yao oope ao opeo cyae eoo cceoa ocoo cooece oyaex ax c o.

aocxoo oe ea ea aoo o o eoa cceoa oc. B acoee pe o oac , coae, e pacoaae ee coepeo eype eoa. Te e eee o eo, ec o pee o ec coopae, oe cooa cceoa oc p yco eoooec epo aa oyaex c eo oo ax. Bc c cceoa oc opao cxap oy cooa eo eo, oocec pa pya, . e. ocoae a ae, a aae opaecoo aepaa, yae oc eeoc, ocoae a oee caooee, poee. Bce o ycox aocxooecoo cepea oo py pya.

oce opoc opao aoo pec poo, oa cxoo c a x peee oaa e opaaec ae. eo o, o o oc opoc ca o cee e ae peyao, ax oooeco aoc. a pao, oco opoco ooe cceyey opee ypoe epoa caa cpoooece peooe. o oocc aoee poc opoca (Aea), cp-opoca aoee co (MMP1).

Oao ae oaa aeo aoceco eoc. Hepo, o H. J.

Eysenck, ceecye o peco oc opao aoo. o eco epe coaae c oee. . aoa (1978), caeo, o ecoe aeco opax paccpoc oycoeo xapaepooec paao, peopa ao oc, ocoeo eocpao cya y aeypoax oce. cxeca paa, o. . aoy, epeapae eeoc eapx cce, aeca ecoo paaa paccpoc. acoc opeeex o paccpoc o eoopx coc cxeco pa. . ao oce e coceo aeca cxopapyeo aopa, a cxooeco oc eo oy oy xapaepooecoy paay, pcyey ooy.

peee ocoo opoca ooe opee epoecoo epoooooo cpoa eco epe paeoc aoo.

Ta, pe pyooc o pee MMPI (. o A. ooapoo, 1983) yaaec, o o ex epoax oop, oa oaae epoeco pa pacoaac ey 70 80 T-aa, ee epo xapaepyc peee oaaee epoecx a ypo 80 T-ao pcoeee oea o ae 7.

oe o ae 3 c oee oaae o ae 1 cee o ae (oepco ye) xapaepe cepecx cpoo. o ae 7 coce ox c peoo-oec cpoo, p o oe oaae o ae 2, oao oe o ox c peoo-epecc coco y ox c oec cpoa oe o ae 7 peoaae a oeo o ae 2. p peoo oecx cocox, oopx peoaa oace a coe opoe, poe oc oapyaec ae oe o ae 1.

Meoa MMPI oe cyeceo oo oepoa ae ecoo ae p cceoa cxoaecx oce, ocoeo c acoa ee. Taoe cceoae oaaec oe cepo paoe.

opoa o ae 4 paceaec a poee cxoa c acoa ee (pc. 31). Ta oceye pcye peepeee oep opa oee, opa ec eoc, oppoae coxc ao cpee op oee. O ee oe coao eaaa ceecye pcoeee y a ae 4 cooo oea o ae 6.

cceoae ypo pa p epoax poooc copya B. H.

Mcea (1960). Ta, p epace oeea cpoop ey ypoe pa ype pecypca oc. ox cepe oeac a ae ypoe pa, a ocyce x. ep apa xapaepe ox c apecco ceec ooea oc, opo ox cepe paccaeoo, aceo-ayecoo a.

O xpyoc, eycooc ypo pa y cxoaecx oce ca B.

. ea (1967), . B. eap- (1971). a e ocoeoc oeea a (B. M.

exep, 1971, 1976). cxoaece oc poecce cceoa oce ecox eya peo ca co ypoe pa, oce yaoo pee aoee pocx aa o eoepo eo oa. Ocee oo e peoeo . C.

payce (1976). Paa eay peay e poecce eeoc, . C. payc cae, o xpyoc ypo pa y cxoaecx oce oycoea e aeo caooeo, a o po ya, a eyee paec o pee e.

eaa e a, o xo a pee oe oex aa, peaa ocaea ax opex ycox. cxoaece oc, ao epepy e, ao cya a eocpeceoe cae coeo ߻.

epece ae oe oc ox c opao cxeco aooe a poee eo.

ae o pee p epoax eoa Popaxa ocaoo poope, o cyecey po pa apye epe cee epecc peo, ocyce ex pa ey opo aooe, aco aaec ceae epoo (. . ypay, 1979). Te e eee oeac epece oe, xapaepye opeeey cpoooecy opy, apep coa acoa oeo c coepae cep, ca . . p oepcoo cep, pa o cocex oeo p ocecco cpoe. . . ypay yaae a eecoopaoc ye ocoeoce oex op epoo x aoeea acee aepex ee, a e oca oeo epoecoo cpoa. Too oa, cae aop, eoc oyex peyao aeo opace, a a ye yea cea oo oo epoecoo poe.

epece ae, xapaepye ccey ooe ox epoa, oye c oo eo eaoex peoe. C. Coooo (1971) . A. Bo (1971). ae coocac c peyaa o-cxooecx cceoa o oee eax pae, oee co poe coae oaaee. Aopa ee cce ooe, oaec aoe cee apye (caooea, ee e, ooee po), o ooo yo eeapaeoc cxoepaeeco pao. ay eoy cooaa oppoa py ox ex poee oeo cxoepa . . aca (1977), pacpeea ox e o oooeco c-poooeco paeoc, a o oac aoee paeo ope ccea ooe.

Xapaepcy pea ooo a cpecc ae pcyoa eoa Poeea, ooa cy o pycpaoo oepaoc ox epoa epoooo coco. . . aca . C. popoa (1976) c oo o eo poe cceoae y ox c epoooo coco. p o o oapyeo, o o pcy oaae pyoo oopoc. o ceecye o eocaoo aaa oc ox coaoy opye o coo acoe ox ooe co cpeo. peoaa cpaye pea, oce xapaep ocye ee p pycpa, peoa opya papee ee. Ocoeo eo o oeco cpayx pea p aceoepoecx paccpocax.

paye pea aac p peoaa eco ape coo peoo eoc, aoce, ce yca peaoc. oe pa a ce cepee oeceoc a cpaee pycpaoo cya.

ye pea peoaa y cxoaecoo caa c epoooo cpoa. pycppya cya paccapaac a aoaa, ocya cpae, e caa c e-o o. o paccapaoc a oa oceyex y o papee pycppye cya. ax ox peoaa caoa pea, p oopx ay po pae aa coeo ߻, o ceecye o caoc oc coacyec c a ecoo ae.

Pea peceo-oaoo a xapaep ox c ocecco oeco coao. x pae peo oeac yopcy pea.

ae, oyee c oo eo Poeea, ooc peyaa aaa aoopaecx ax ecoo paccpoca. cooae xapaepc apye pycpaoo oepaoc y ox c epoec cpoa ooo . . aco (1975) papaoa cxoepaeecy eoy, oopa ocoaa a peax ayoeo pepo aaec oepoa pycpaox cya o eoy oceoaeoo pe. Tpepoa pycpaoo oepaoc oe cooaa a eo cxopoa opao cxap.

aocxooec cepe coaeco e oaec o co aaa, xo eoope x ae o aaa aocxoo. Opepooo oo oop o ceyx ocox aaax aocxooecoo cceoa coaec ox.

1. Bee cxeco (oco) pepacooeoc ooe eoopx coaecx, epy oepe cxocoaecx aoea. ec pe oe a o coeopax ocoeocx oc, pcyx aoy y ooe cococyx ooe coaeco oe, a o peeo coco, a oe oopoo cpeccoe aop caoc aoe, peooea exa cxooeco a. o, pyo cyae pe e o e aopo, pox apye coaocxeco cxocoaeco oppe. ca ocoeca ao ec oepaec po ocoeoce oc pocxoe eo oe, poxao ac, eeco oe cepa . ., ocaa po cxoe ooe apa oapa. Ceye oe, o epeo aaec y coaec ox ocoeoc oc opaa e oo x pe-ope coca, o a ee eopa oc o e oe. Ta, oce peope ocoeoc oy cococoa ooe oxopecx (ex oa E. **********) epea, o e e oe epea caoc oa, a o aco p coaoex oxopecx cocox. epea x yx o ocx ocoeoce poex popeex o e oe e cea ooa.

2. yee ypee ap oe (P. A. yp, 1935), opaae cyey copoy aoea. o ypee apo oe P. A. yp oa ce o, o cae epeae oo, c accy eo oye, e oo ecx oeex, o oee caoyce, caoaee, eo pecaee o coe oe, o ee pax, ce o, o cao ooo c pxoo pay. p o o ypee ape oe aop paa cec ypoe, xapaepyc eee caooye, ypoe eeya, opeec paccyoo-oec ooee ooo coey aoea. . A. accpc (1970) paccapa ce-cy ac ap oe a cooyoc cyex oye, oycoex ope oee poecco, oa a eeyaa ac ap oe cyae a acpoa a oye, caa co cee ocp x oye acoc o cxecoo coco ooo.

3. C oo aocxooecx eoo pecaec oo oy oey apy ee eoopx copo cxeco eeoc c c coaeco aooe.

o oe oaac oe p pee pa opoco. Ta, oapyee cepee coaoeo ace ooe cceyey ce a ao oe o epe poee eapceo epa. B o e pe ocyce cepee ax o oeo coaeoc p a oopx oxopecx ao ooe pay aoop eoxooc ee epoaao aoc coaoeo aoo peoo ae y ooo oxopeco op ope, a o epeo ae. Tax ox aae aoea aco aa pa coaecoo po (epae, xpyp, epaoo . .).

yee eoopx oaaee cxooecoo cceoa opaae eee oeo coco ooo. Hapep, poecce ee ox, cpaax xpoeco oeo eocaooc, c cooae cycceo o, o yye x coco ce ypo aoe ceecy oee peyao oppeypo po yeee poe coaeoc.

B pe cyae coaeca aoo po ooe cxecx paccpoc, oope o yac p pee opoco pyoo cep, coao peaaa x ox x poeccoao opea. p o pe oe o peoeax a eoe pe a ao-o opeee epo, ec ee cxecx poecco c pee, opa. pepo oceeo oe cy cceoae occaoe aoc cxecx poecco oce ayaopoo copeooo apoa, aee pay pep pee opoca o eoc pea ooo oce oepa eeo ypee o cocooc eo opepoac ycox yoo e (. . ep-a, 1975).

4. cxooecoe cceoae pae ay po p ocpoe peaaoo pao c coaec o. Peaa ooo, epeeceo ap oapa, ocoaa a ox eaeox cpecax, e oe ooeo. B oece peaaox epop eeo o yac cxooece aop eccceca oceca ycaoa ooo, oycoee oe ee caooe, epecop ae pa ex ocoec, ee ce, pcye ooy, cce ooe.

aocxooec cepe coaeco e oaec o co aaa, xo eoope x ae o aaa aocxoo. Opepooo oo oop o ceyx ocox aaax aocxooecoo cceoa coaec ox.

1. Bee cxeco (oco) pepacooeoc ooe eoopx coaecx, epy oepe cxocoaecx aoea. ec pe oe a o coeopax ocoeocx oc, pcyx aoy y ooe cococyx ooe coaeco oe, a o peeo coco, a oe oopoo cpeccoe aop caoc aoe, peooea exa cxooeco a. o, pyo cyae pe e o e aopo, pox apye coaocxeco cxocoaeco oppe. ca ocoeca ao ec oepaec po ocoeoce oc pocxoe eo oe, poxao ac, eeco oe cepa . ., ocaa po cxoe ooe apa oapa. Ceye oe, o epeo aaec y coaec ox ocoeoc oc opaa e oo x peope coca, o a ee eopa oc o e oe.

Ta, oce peope ocoeoc oy cococoa ooe oxopecx (ex oa E. Kretschmer) epea, o e e oe epea caoc oa, a o aco p coaoex oxopecx cocox. epea x yx o ocx ocoeoce poex popeex o e oe e cea ooa.

2. yee ypee ap oe (P. A. yp, 1935), opaae cyey copoy aoea. o ypee apo oe P. A. yp oa ce o, o cae epeae oo, c accy eo oye, e oo ecx oeex, o oee caoyce, caoaee, eo pecaee o coe oe, o ee pax, ce o, o cao ooo c pxoo pay. p o o ypee ape oe aop paa cec ypoe, xapaepyc eee caooye, ypoe eeya, opeec paccyoo-oec ooee ooo coey aoea. . A. accpc (1970) paccapa cecy ac ap oe a cooyoc cyex oye, oycoex ope oee poecco, oa a eeyaa ac ap oe cyae a acpoa a oye, caa co cee ocp x oye acoc o cxecoo coco ooo.

3. C oo aocxooecx eoo pecaec oo oy oey apy ee eoopx copo cxeco eeoc c c coaeco aooe.

o oe oaac oe p pee pa opoco. Ta, oapyee cepee coaoeo ace ooe cceyey ce a ao oe o epe poee eapceo epa. B o e pe ocyce cepee ax o oeo coaeoc p a oopx oxopecx ao ooe pay aoop eoxooc ee epoaao aoc coaoeo aoo peoo ae y ooo oxopeco op ope, a o epeo ae. Tax ox aae aoea aco aa pa coaecoo po (epae, xpyp, epaoo . .).

yee eoopx oaaee cxooecoo cceoa opaae eee oeo coco ooo. Hapep, poecce ee ox, cpaax xpoeco oeo eocaooc, c cooae cycceo o, o yye x coco ce ypo aoe ceecy oee peyao oppeypo po yeee poe coaeoc.

B pe cyae coaeca aoo po ooe cxecx paccpoc, oope o yac p pee opoco pyoo cep, coao peaaa x ox x poeccoao opea. p o pe oe o peoeax a eoe pe a ao-o opeee epo, ec ee cxecx poecco c pee, opa. pepo oceeo oe cy cceoae occaoe aoc cxecx poecco oce ayaopoo copeooo apoa, aee pay pep pee opoca o eoc pea ooo oce oepa eeo ypee o cocooc eo opepoac ycox yoo e (. . epa, 1975).

4. cxooecoe cceoae pae ay po p ocpoe peaaoo pao c coaec o. Peaa ooo, epeeceo ap oapa, ocoaa a ox eaeox cpecax, e oe ooeo. B oece peaaox epop eeo o yac cxooece aop eccceca oceca ycaoa ooo, oycoee oe ee caooe, epecop ae pa ex ocoec, ee ce, pcye ooy, cce ooe.

Ocoeo eo aee cxooecx cceoa poee cxoepa coaec ox. P cceoaee oepa po cxooecoo cepea cxoepaeeco pa (B. M. exep, . . aca, 1966;

1970, 1976;

M. C.

eec, 1971;

C. C. x, 1974;

O. Condas, 1976).

pecoe ooee eopeec oe copeeo cxocoaeco e, ocoe oopo ea o opoocao-pecce eopeece cxe, o oeppoae cxoaaece pecae, o o oo cepoa pe c yee .. aoa, e poope pa paoepoc ee cxocoaecx oee. o pye oocc aoea, oaoeee oopx ocoeo eo aee cxecx aopo. coecx cceoaee coepeo epeea o cxocoao, ocoaa a pecco oa eccoaeoo, p oopo coaece oe paccapac a poee oepc, pepecc, ece, a co x a coeopaa coa opao.

Oao, e pa eopeecx ocpoe cxocoaeco e, coece cceoae po oo epec papaoe opoco cxocoaecx aoea ye xapaepx x ocoeoce cx oco acee, a a eo oc ec ce cye epapx eeoc epao epo cce. B. H. Mce (1971) ca o epcooex coaecx aoeax, pe x pocxoe o paa oy po ocoeoc oc ooo a eo aoeo cya, epeo cao c ocoeoc, e ocp cxoe.

Bc c ecaa cae opoc o ooocx oxoa ye oc. .

B. acc (1970) cpaeo yaae, o e pacoaae oa e oo ceao papaoa eoa cceoa cxocoaecx oppe, o ae cea o aapao, eoxo poee aoo poa cceoa.

o e . B. acca, ocoe eoo cxooecoo ecoo oceoa ox, cpaax cxocoaec aoea, oa ea papaoa ax o, a cxooeca aa, cxooeca ycaoa oa o .

H. ae, ca ߻. B acoee pe ece cxoo cceoa cxocoaecx coooe pea paoo coye e e eee aco cycco eoa cceoa oc.

C oo opoca MMPI a coeco c E. H. Peeo o poeeo cceoae ocx coc ox eo oe. Xapaep x oaaoc oee pao cee oaaee o aa epoeco pa o ae (peoa eoc). Hepeo o coeaoc c ooceo oaae o ae 9 (oa), o oo paccapaec a poee ee ooo yxoy o pee ex coao ax poe. eoopx oox oeac oopee oe oaaee o aa 7 8 c opaoae coeopaoo ao, ceecy oece ocaeoo po oc o coo coco peo epoecoo xapaepa.

Taoo poa oca xapaepca oapyea y ox, cpaax xpoeco opoapo eocaooc epeecx ap oapa (B.. ae, 1975), a ae y ox poxao aco (. . pec . peo 1972).

Ha (B. M. exep, E. H. Peeo, . . aca, C. M. Mopoo, H. A. Mopooa, 1979) o pepo cpaeoe yee ocx ocoeoce ox, cpaax cxocoaec aoea, a c cxocoaoa, o M.

Bleuler, a yoa cxocoaec paccpoca. cceoae c oo opoca ea e oco aeya poooc p eo oe eya eaaepco , xpoeco opoapo eocaooc, poxao ace epoeopo oe. p cex epecex opax cxocoaeco aoo oapyeo aeoe oee cpeeo oaae aeya (CA) o cpae co opo oceye opoo py.

ocy ox pcy coea (epe, oe ep) aeya.

ocoe pacpeeee aeypoax ep oc y oceoax ox o e aaoc. opox cyex aeya coeaoo a o eco paa aaac oe peo. CA opox e opaoo ypo ( opoce ea aeya caec aeo p oaaee oee 12 ao).

oo epec pecae cpaee oaaee o oe a aeya.

p o oo cea o o o, o ox a coaec aoea xapaep aeya peyeceo ep aeo aoc, peooc, ooc, eocpaoc, oeo peaoc. Oeeo ooceoe cxoco opeeex ocoeoce oc y ox eo oe eya eaaepco , xpoeco opoapo eocaooc poxao aco. Ceye oe, o pe, opaae cpee ypo aeya y ox, pepo oop aaoy ay oaaee y opox cyex c o pae, o pa opoo py pacoaaec aeo e. aeoe cxoco peyao oceoa aaoc p aae aco aeya o oe a.

ox cex oceoax py ae ceo aac aeya o a ooc o. acoa aeya xapaepa y ox x py a o oaoa.

Moo o peoo, o peee ec ae, oyee p cceoa ox c cxocoaoa, yy aeo epe oac o peyao cceoa ox epoeopo oee, oocec yoa cxocoaec paccpoca. Oao paa o cee paeoc xapaepy oco aeya ey y pya oaaac ecyeceo.

B o e pe oapye eoope opoceee ocoeoc, pcye oe aoea. Ta, cpe oaae o ep p poxao ace oaac e e oo aaooo oaae p eo oe xpoeco opoapo eocaooc, o pye opox. Heaee pa cpaaex pyax oapye ae o oaae acpea, ooc, peooc, ooc, c. Oao epecee ocoeoc (a cee acpea) poe aeya eepaea, a e xapaepa, opaa a opao e yy poea cxecx poecco.

Ta opao, aa oyex ax ceecye o ocyc cyecex pa o y aeya xapaepa p oex cxocoaecx aoeax. He ocoa oop o o pcye aoy x aoea ceeco poe oc.

Payeec, peee a ae ceecy o a aaex ycpeex pox oc ox, cpaax cxocoaec aoea. Byp ao oooeco py oeaec ocaooe paoopae, a opao poeec oeceo pa ex x oaaee. p o e ceo pae ocx xapaepc oex ox aeceo ae, o oepaec aao aco aeya. peca epec aea papaoa pyox apao ocx xapaepc yp aoo cxocoaecoo aoea coocaee x c o, c ocoeoc ee aoea.

Ho ae peee a ae ycpeex ocx xapaepc ceecy o x ocx eex y ox, cpaax cxocoaec aoea, oepa ec o eoxooc e oec eex epop cpec, x a ooao-cxec oyc ooo (ceax, paaopo), , o ee aee, cxoepa. oce oa cxo pyox yax ocx xapaepc ox.

ATOCXOOECE CCEOBAH B ETCO OPOCTOBO CXATP aocxooecoe cceoae ee opoco peec ceyx ex.

1. cxooece oaae, oyee cepeao, co, cao paee ec, e ca oea epeay aocy.

2. aocxooecoe cceoae ooae yo cpyypy cee eeyaoo eea, eeoc y peea opoca;

ceeco aoo cceoa ec aaa pooa oyaeoc peea paecx oo aoo pooa (C. . Pye, 1970).

3. ae, oyee aae ee a pax eo aax, ooa cy o aeaoc eoc pooo epa.

4. B poecce cceoa ooaac pecae o ae oex coax ooax oeo pa aoea.

5. Ceeco aocxooecoo cceoa opocoo opace ec aoca o cxoa aeya xapaepa cyax opax op cxeco aoo p cxecx aoeax, cyeceo e cax peop (A. E. o, 1979).

6. poeee aocxooecoo cceoa cococye ycaoe yeo oaa c o peeo. Bpoecce cceoa p o oy peac ae aa, a peooee aceoc, coae yepeoc cox cax. Ta opao, cxooecoe cceoae oe cxoepaeecy y.

poeee aocxooecoo oceoa peea oaec e, o o cepeaopa e ae ecpcpaco, a oo p paoe co poc. p cceoa ceye cpec ycaoe ooao aceoo oaa, coa y peea aepecoaoc o, o cceoae pooaoc ae, oopoc poecce ee.

aocxooecoe cceoae y ee aeo oooo opaca oc ae ceo poo xapaep. cceoa peey peocaec oooc opa ooo ecox aopo pye, peaaex eaeco p. pooopyec op pye, paoc x cooa, opaa xo p, ae cea, xoee po, aapoae, peeoe copooee, eoc p, pa ooa (H. M. aca, 1976).

Bec pae o cooc pox ec: aeae ay ec c oyoa peea cceoa x ecx coc;

eaeae ay ec co ceapoa pya e yea x yoax coc;

peee ec, yae yoae coca pye;

aeae ec, coepae epeoc yoax coc ooo peea a pyo;

opaee ec pe e aeo peaa.

p cooa pooo cepea oy oye ee ae. A. C.

Caoca (1972) oeae pcye e c opaec opaee oooo oa cee ypo p, ecocooc papa poe, eaoe ocpoeee oex ec c eee acpea a oex ecx, aoe oeco aeax ec, ocx pee xapaep, eoc peeoo copooe. B. A.

Hooopca (1972), ya ocoeoc p yceo ocax ee, oea coceoe cee oeca ypoe pox ec. Pacpa coepae o pooo ec, aop po pep ycoe ec yo:

pocoee o peeo (pe) ooy eo ocpoeoe ece;

apae p eapca, ycaae ooo a cy yxypoeoe ece;

pooee eapca, apae eo p, poeee yoa pexypoeoe ece. apaep ypoeoo cpoe pox ec oe eppepoa a oaae oooc apoa co ec. B ope peoaa pexypoee ec.

ee, ox opee, . C. Caoca cae xapaep ae ocoeoc p, a cocyecoae eeo ceo-poeo p eaeax ay c peea, ecooc ceo, pacxoee ey pee copooee ec peea, ecooc pax aee, pacpee pya oox aecee.

Heoxoo yee oooc yac peea oex pax. Bo pe poee p oeaec ooee paa p, aoc, cocooc o opeeey po, eeapaeoc p, ee eoc, ae cpee opoa oeoc, xapaep ooax pea.

e xapaepa ooax pea a pop a (. B. py, 1983) a peoea acoa pa c popapye pe. oceoaeoc pope pe peea aaec o aaa p opo caa apoe yx aopax.

peee eo ooe opee oepaoc opae o.

cpy cepeao-cxooec eoa, peaae ooa cceoa a, cecooopo cep, cocooc occa cea, ac ope pae pe y (epe 6 aa eo ooca), pe ypa (oc Ceea), apa (eo opoa ap caae ap, papeao a 34 ac, ycaoee oceoaeoc co, ocee cex ap).

ee 36 e eecoopao aa cceoae c ex eo, oope e pey coecx oeo a opoc. Caae oco Ceea ae opa o ypoe pa ao-eceoo e, o peo-pocpaceo opepoe, oope peea. p cceoa cpyc coco oe aapeoe cooecee eae c opo aa coco po oo (paoax epaoax), pooopyec oaaea peey opoaa oo e epax cpy eocpa acoo ooo caa yp. Heaco o oea oo, opeoaec yceoo oe aa, peeo oo cae yooce o oo, o cpac c , oa o o coceo ae coa ae aoo cae a, poc a ey aoe e aae.

oxaa cceyeo cococye peooe cpaxa epe epa oeo eae oee opa peee aee epae eo.

Heoxooc poo cya aoee paea p oceoa ee aeo oooo opaca, a ae aae pao c e capx opacx py, oapyax pa cxecoo eopa paoo eea.

ee capeo oooo aeo ooo opaca cya aocxooecoo cceoa ec apao oo aoee pacpocpaex oee aoooe peeo ocopo poc, a a e poc aeye, a peeo eocppye co a, ye cocooc.

Ec y peea aaee ec yaa a pyoc ycoe popa oye ecoo caa o, cceoae eoxoo aa c ocyx eo aa, a a epa eyaa oe pec ooe po eao ooao pea a co ecocoeoc ce ypo eeoc poecce aeeo cceoa. Hapo, eoc, c oopo yy oe epe aa, oxaa cceyeo ooy peooe coc peecye yeo eeoc aooec cepeo.

pcya aocxooecoy oceoa opoca, eoxoo oc eo oepeoo ooe. Cya cceoa e oa ocpac opoco a poepa ya, cya aea. opoc, cpaae epoa, oy pace aocxooecoe cceoae a eyoe, e eee ooe ee.

peepa eoc aa oo opocy aoop cceyeo peepeeo ooe eo cocooc. ooy cceoae oo aac c aoo oce eo ee, oopoe opoca yoeop. Hapep, oo caa, o cceoae peaaeo e epeyoe peyae apeo ye.

Ec y oceyeoo eec cooe eaoe ooee yee, ccey oe y aece e cceoa opeeee copoc pea, cocac a peee ax e eo p oope opeeex pecx aax opoca poecc (oe, ea). epexo pee ocx opoco eecoopae oce ycaoe opoeaex ooe ey opoco ccey.

Haoee poo eco cxap pec cxooece eo aoc yceoo pa.

cooae cxoepecx eo (Caopca pe a eea e Coa, aa pa eea, aa Becepa ee p.) ae y pa cceoaee opae.

B epy oepe pe e o eoxooc pecoo ooe eeyaoy oey, oyaeoy p ax cceoax. Cac o coee oooc pooceco eppea oyaex ax (. B. eap, C.

. Pye, 1983).

. H. cae (1982) oepae, o oa ac caapoax cxoepecx eo oaae e coo oapeoc ee, coo x pae, axoeec o e yco oca , poo cce, yyp, oopx o ocac.

Moe aa cxoepecx a apecyc o a x, a e ppoe cocooc.

cooae cxoepecx eo oaeo oo ooc peee eo, oox oy aecee xapaepc oex cxecx poecco. p o eoxoo o o eco aoec cex cxecx poecco ocp, a, e.

cceoa peoo ocp pec ap c opaee peeo, cee ap. p apyex ocp, yceo ocaoc yaae cyx, oypx, eaepex, epeepyx aoex py a pya pcyo apyeo. Pacca o ceo ape, oce oo a apa ypaa, ooe cy o aaeoc.

p aae paccao ceye ya 3 ca ocp, eee (. o M..

oooo, 1963): peey ca, a oopo ocae opaaec epecee ee;

ca ec, a oopo yaac ec opaex a ape ;

ca ooe, a oopo oeac ooe ey peea a pocpacee, peee, pe. A. Binet W. Stern ca, o peea ca xapaepa ee 7 e, ca ec ee710 e, ca ooe ee 11 12 e. M.. oooa (1963) yaae, o ca ocp oy poe oee opo cpo. Pacca, cocaee o peeo, oy cax pax poopx coea ep cex ca ocp. Xapaep epecaa o oo opeeec cpye, oopa aa peey.

Pacca o ceo ape ae opa o xapaepe ocp, peeo pa peea, eo coapo aace, a ocyc apaao, a ae, o oe ao, o cocooc occa cea, o ye opee ocooe coepae ap.

cceoa a y oo oy cooa e e eo, o y pocx, oppeypa poa, ocae ce c oo a ye. ooo c o e pec eoa epoa Pyepa (M.. oooa, 1963), apa eo B. M. oaa oa . A. opooo (T. B. Tepexoa, 1976).

Meoa epoaPyepa pecae coo apa aa a ocaoy (cycy) ao. coyec a c 10 cpoa pax yp (o 10 cpoe), oope yo ao pa aa o opay. p opaoe ax yaec o, a peeo aoe yp (capaeo epeo), c aoo pee o aae paoa o a, e oop a opae, oeaec pe, eoxooe aoe cpo ( oeco ao, pocopex a 1 ), pe oe ceo aa, oeco oo.

o a . H. oepeo, . A. opoeoa, C. . Pye, B. H. yxap (1978), oceoax opox ee epo peoo cacepa, a 3 e ycea ao cpee o 50 o 80 yp. o a T. B. Tepexoo (1976), opoe e pa a oee aa o 5,52 o 9,4 . o a a, opoe e 67 e ao 100 yp a (4,7 1,4) , oyca p o (0,3 0,04) o.

O ycooc a cy e o eoc oe aa, a o oecy oo, a ocyc ycope ea pao oy aa, oopoe ceecye o xopoe ypaeoc, o a aee ea pao oy aa, ceecyeo o yoeoc, o ee paoopa eeoc, ceecye o oeo pecaeoc.

M pe eoy epoaPyepa oceoa ee c ec pae eycooc a, c-oaeoc. Oao o yoeopeo o aa, o ococ, o-oy, ooe ooa ooee cya aocxooecoo cceoa. B c c a peoea oa eo epoaPyepa, aaac o, o oce oe ooo aa peey a opo aao a, o p o peaaec oca e e a pye yp: ec 1- aa apa ocaac oa, o o 2- apa ocaec epaa epa, a oa ocaec peyo. aae oaaoc py ee c ep cxec poecca, aec poecc paaa, o ceecoao o pyocx epee a. p oe 2-o aa oc yoe ox, eoa, e ac yoc o pooe cceoa, yeaoc oeco oycaex oo.

Ec peeo oo oee aa o oa, ey peaaoc ao 3- a cey opao: ce eee cpoo opay 1-o aa, ce eeo opay 2-o. yceo ocax ee ee c paeo epepace-e pxooc ecoo pa oop cpy. aae oaaoc coepeo eo yceo ocax ee;

y ee c epepacee paoo pocxoe aceec coco, coaoeo cxoeo oycoe, c coaeoc, pecaeoc: oeco oo peo opacao, peeo ep epec oy, pao o oe aae, ao yp aya. ac oceyex oeaoc ee oecaopx exao: oac e, e opaea coecey, pe, eoope e axo oee paoae coco ec: epexo o cpo cpoe, ypa o coeo pe ey a oe opae.

cceoa paoococooc y ooo peec apa eo B.

M. oaa, oopo coyc 25 apoe c pa o ey ope ypa oca c 25 ea, e cea o epa aece 5 ex e cepxy o opoa apcoa 5 op, cooec c ec a apoax. Paoa ae 4 aa:

epecae apoe (T1);

epece c oopeeo coppoo o ey (T2) ;

epece c coppoo o ope (T3);

pacaa a oce c oopee yeo ea op apoe epeceo (T4). cpyec pe epecea ax 5 apoe a cex aax pao oee pe oe aoo aa. Bcec a aae e pee:

= T4 -(T2 +T3).

opox ee paoa copooaec epeco, o oc oec xapaep peca coo peey oep cea, pacay ooex py a 2- 3- aax, pacaae apoe e oopeeoo coee pao a 4-ae.

opoe e a cex aax pao cpa o caocoeo p yaa a x.

e c epepaceec coco, aa co 2-o aa, cac co cea. x yeaec pe oe aa, oc ooee py;

a 3- ae aco oeaec epexo o coppo o ope peyey cocoy. Ha 4- ae e yac ooeo oo: ccey pacaae apo ece c peeo o ex op, oa o e yo caocoeo 3 apo pao. oce oo cpy oo ca ycoeo aa xpooeppoae. o a ae, 4- a y opox ee ee c epepaceec coco poxo c ocee yyee aeca pao, a a aoee ooo ca eo a oce coae ooee opep, ooae cpee a eco ao apo. oe 4-o aa yceo oca e eoxoa aeo oa oo ycoe cpy. O, a pao, ecoco pacpeee a, pacaa apo o o ope, o o ey. Heoope x oce 34 pao paoex apoe epeca pepac cpy, aa ecoa aya.

cceoa a aoee aco pec eoa aya 10 co, cceoae a a opaee peeo ye yaa. o a epayp, opoe e p epo pee ocpoo 45 co, p o810 co.

Caoe yeee oeca ocpoox co oeaec pepo y oo opox ee, y ocax aa oeca ocpoox co epaoepa. p oo coaeoc e caaa oy yepa a 5_6 co, a p oceyx oopex ocpoo ce ee co. eoopx ee c aceec coco cpo acyae pecee a o eeoc, o paaec apacae epa peyaa cceoa. p cceoa oo pe cy ec peeo ocpoo coa eeo, a eoxoo, ccey oop:

Ee! ocapac co ee!. ee c epeec cpoo aco oeaec eee x co.

cceoa a a opaee peeo coyec aop 36 apo;

12 x poyepoa a opao copoe, o peca coo ocoo aop. oce pee x cea c oca 24, pacaa o 6 p poc oceyeoo a e ap, oope oaa ey pae. Peya cceoa oo cy o oee a o oecy pao yax apo ooc a o cy apoe, oope cceye pacoo eo o oceoaeoc, oopo o x e ep pa. ae o a ee, oyee p cceoa eoo, ee cee ac o coaeoc pecaeoc a peea. e ee peeo, e oe oeco oo a. o a M.. oooo (1963), opace 1415 e co oo ao.

cceoa e ee aoee aco coyc eo acca peeo, ce peeo, ocee cex ap, ycaoee oceoaeoc co, oya cepe.

Meoa acca peec cceoa poecco ooe acpapoa. oceoa opoco peec caap aop 70 apoe, oceoa ee oooo aeo ooo opaca . H. oepeo, . A.

opoeo, C. . Pye, B.. yxape (1978) oopa caapoo aopa apoe: op, c, ae, a, ca, ypa, a, yopa, oy, oo, , aoa, peeo, epeo, acp. Cy aa aaec o, o pacpee ce apo a py ao pye a ooee aa: , oe, e, pace.

Ha peyaax, oyex p cceoa o eoe acca, caaec cocoe a, paoococooc. Meoa acca ooe cocooc ooe y ee c eopae pe: ae e, ae opaoa py pao, ca apye p x aa. apye p aa py cpeac y opox ee. oa e oaac aa py, oc oyc oy, o ceecye o oeo opooc.

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