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Baep e Oco cxoceco aoc MOE MPA B TEPATPE Peoeoao ea cyo oa PAH 81, 88 43 Peee: e-oppecoe PAH . H. apayo,

e-oppecoe PAH A.M.axapo 43 e B.. Oco cxoceco aoc. (Moe pa epaype). M.: Tpoa. 2000.248 c.

ISBN 5-88415-036-9 81, 88 B paoe pecaea cxoceca oo xyoecex eco o ooao-ccoo oae. Ha ocoe cxapecx pepe ee ae eco, a "cee", "e", "eae", "ece", "pace", "coe". Paoa acaa a aepae ooo oeca eco pycco poo epayp pyce cxoo cxocc pecae ooe apaee aae xyoeceoo eca cxapecoe epaypoeee.

Aop e Baep ao oop ooecx ay, poeccop aep cxoc Mococoo ocyapceoo cecoo epcea epa eyapooo opaoa Mococoo ocyapceoo yepcea .M.B.ooocoa. a oopa pooae cceoae, aaoe ax ax, a "cxocece ace xyoeceoo eca". Moca, -o Moc. y-a, 1988.

"Beee cxapecoe epaypoeee". Verlag Otto Sagner. Mun-chen, 1966.

(pe I cee oypca "Hacee H.A.Pyaa copeeoc").

Peoeoao ea cyo oa PAH.

a aa aoap pay 96-06-87085, peocaeoy Poccc oo yaeax cceoa.

ISBN 5-88415-036- e Baep ao, 2000 cy oa PAH, 2000 "Tpoa", 2000. Oopee, opa-ae. E.H.apc, 2000. Pcy.

Bce paa ae oe ooe acoe ocpoeee aepao acoeo a e ceoo coac paoepaee apeeo OABEHE PECOBE.

BBEEHE.

ABA EPBA.

1.1 Xyoece ec a oe aaa.

1.2 cxooec aa epayp.

1.3 cxoaa o epaype.

1.4 cxapec aa epayp.

1.5 cxoaooec aa epayp.

1.6 cxapec oxo oc aopa.

1.7 cxapeca ca.

ABA BTOPA.

2.1 Tooec oxo epaypoy ecy.

2.2 oaa cxoo.

2.3 opecc xyoeceoo eca.

2.4 ooao-ccoa oaa xyoeceoo eca.

ABA TPET "Cee" ec.

3.1 T "ce" ec.

3.2 apaoa aeya.

3.3 cxocece ocoeoc "cex" eco 3.4 Ocoeoc "ax" eco.

ABA ETBEPTA "Tee" ec.

4.1 T "e" ec.

4.2 eoa aeya.

4.3 cxocece ocoeoc "ex" eco.

epcoa eoo eca.

poco epo.

Oac y.

poeyo epcoa.

o.

4.4 Ccea opaoc "ex" ecax.

4.5 Ccece ocoeoc "ex" eco.

4.6 Cacc "ex" eco.

4.7 Pee ace "ex" eco.

ABA TA "eae" ec.

5.1 T "ea" ec.

5.2 epecca aeya.

5.3 cxocece ocoeoc "eax" eco.

5.4 eo Apee.

5.5 y.

5.6 Typee.

5.7 oo.

ABA ECTA "Becee" ec.

6.1 T "ece" ec.

6.2 Maaaa aeya.

6.3 cxocece ocoeoc "ecex" eco.

6.4 C "ecex" eco.

6.5 a "ecex" eco.

ABA CEMA "pace" ec.

7.1 cepoa aeya.

7.2 cxocece ocoeoc "pacx" eco.

7.3 C "pacx" eco.

7.4 ap.

ABA BOCMA "Coe" ec.

8.1 Haya aaca.

8.2 opea o.

ABA EBTA Tea c.

9.1 pocpaco.

9.2 Bpe.

9.3 Ayo.

9.4 Hecoo epeoo ooo eca.

9.5 Oe o aocax.

ABA ECTA "Ceae" ec.

10.1 "Ceo-eae".

10.2 "Ceo-ecee".

10.3 "Ao-ee".

10.4 "paco-ee".

10.5 "eao-ee".

10.6 "eao-ecee".

10.7 "eao-pace".

10.8 cxoceca ppoa ecceepa.

ABA OHHAATA Pee ace xyoeceoo eca.

11.1 cxoca o ocp eca.

11.2 ocxoo o ocp eca.

11.3 poe epayp ec.

cepa ccea BAA.

AEHE.

POEH.

Teaypyc eco o a.

Co eco x cxapece oppe.

aae e caee oo.

pee yaae.

OPA.

PECOBE B peaaeo ae e oopa ooecx ay poeccopa Baep ea pecaea e coce oa cxoceca oo xyoecex eco. Pe e coceo e coce o oo e coce o cxoce, e coce o xyoeceo ece. oc, o e y.

cxoca yae cooeceoc ox aeop c cxooec. B paoe e ea oe aeop (pee ceo ceaece) cooocc c cxapec. o eoyco a ep . Ha cao ee, a oooc aoo coooe yaa a yoye paoe c, a oe cxoepae, eye ecey c aeo. eo peee ca, x ceaa (cc) oaoc (ooee aea) yaa a poe oc.

Xyoece ec pecae paoe ea a ceaec oe, a oe o ceecoo coepa peeo ec. o oe paoepo. eo a aapoa ec .pe, .aa pye cceoae.

Too peoaae, o ocaee oe pacaccpoa ooc e ocaa. Ho cea o pe e: peaaee cxapece pep e oy oxa ce oeco e, ce oeco eco e ca peaaea oo pao opa. o ee oo ee ococo. Aop aepeo e apae y aex cceoa.

poeaa paoa ocyecea pyce poccco (.. ay) epaco (.peep) cxoepaeeco o ec poee cxapecx a ooy aepay. pecaee ocae eco ("ece", cooece c epoc, "ea" c epeccoc, "ce" c apaooc, "e" c eooc, "pac" c eocpaoc) c peaoc.

ae oae eceo cxo c aopa. oyee o epec e.

oeo e, coa paoa e oe e poeo. o ee ococo oa ecoeo oe poyy ay cycc.

ece e Mococo cxoepaeeco aae, oop ecx ay M.E.ypo.

BBEEHE Xyoece ec paoo ec peeo ye epaypoee cc. Oao poee pecae a o pe xyoeceo ece opaac ceac o oe, epee, opa, cyccoee, epeee oco, e oop ye o cxooax cxapax.

p o pecae ao c ece ocoo co pee.

o e ec po oo, o oe eop xyoeceoo eca (a eca ooe) o acoeo pee e cyecye. Xapaepo ae, o "o acoeo pee o e cye a ycooo opeee epayp", a ca 1974 oy .Toopo (Toopo 1983, 351). oe xyoece ec pooae ocaac eoopo poe "aaoo cyoc".

Bap Cooyx, cpaa eeoc xyoa yeoo, oea, o ec ye e cea aoo-o op, o o oaeo cea o-o pyo. Ho "apy e, oopy ae xyo, cxoopee, oopoe ae o, coay, oopy ae ooop, o a eo oa e aca , po xo ca e".

aaoe paoe pae ey xyoece exyoece eco o oco pece a y ooecoy aay epayp. , ecop a o, cceoae eoopao ac pep, oe pa eco oae x o pyx eco.

Ta, o apaepo ooa ec pe aca eca (epaypa cpeeeo, cae, oaec o copeeo o co o ce xapaepca). Cyeceo xyoeceoo eca ec eo (a oee, eo aopa) aoao-yypa paeoc, opeea o oo peey cceoc opax cpec eca.

oay, oco apaepo xyoeceoo eca ec eo c. Cyecy a epecee oea (ce pe aopa), apox ox ocoeoce pae, c a e o oop eca apy ca c aco, cya cocoo eo peaa.

Bae ooec apaepo xyoeceoo eca ocaec ap a copec coc epaypoo poee. Tec oe oece oy oy apy acoc o peoaax ceecx aec, oa, oe cpyyp.

apooe ooaee poee a poaa, oec paccaa oop ae e oo o eo oee, o o xapaepe oca (oeo paeapo);

pe aca e oo o oox pyocx, oope ec oe peca e (ec o, pepy, aca XVII ee), o o paee yyp, oop o oxaae.

a peaa opo coep aoa, oope e yaac paoe pa epaypoee, acoc, ec oe apoac a "cxooeca paa", "copeca xpoa", "ococe pae", "poaeca eopaa", "epa aaca", "pyo ee" .. xapaepo, o aoe yaae a ap o acpaae ae a ec, o oaae o eo.

ce e ec ocoa oaa, o ae aa apoa acca epayp aee-eooo ec acpae ayoo opa oc cea ceapoa oeo. ae e a oce oeoo coa oocc xyoece poee, oeae xpa x a o co aoa.

cceoae ao opaa ae a o, o oeoy coa cocea e coo aya apa pa, coo eoopa "oe pa", "opa pa", "pocoepae", "poocpe", "poee", "popecaee".

cxoca, c ayo o pooce ocp pe, opepoaa ae peyeceo a cceoae oo, a peeo aepa ocpaec "po" ocee a, ae opa oppyc eo coa.

Peya cceoa oaa, o ay aa eco aeo oaec o "aaa", oop pooc aee.

Bae paoe pecae pao o oxo xyoeceoy ecy. B aece aox p ceye ocya.

ep ocya: a o co e oo ccea a, o cxoo. a oo ee oycoe e oo cec, o cxooec aooepoc.

Bopo ocya: a pa eca co paa cxoo. Paoopae cxooecx o e poae paoopae ox cpyyp.

Oco ec pe ocya: cpyyp xyoeceoo eca oppepy co cpyypa aeypoaoo coa. Xyoece ec pe cyae ec peyao opoe aeypoaoo ( cxoaecoo) coa.

eep ocya: opay epo xyoeceoo eca pecae eo ooao-ccoa oaa. yy po oe opoe eca, ooao ccoa oaa opaye ceay, opoo, cacc c xyoeceoo eca.

ocya: ec o e aea cyoc, a ee eo cce "eceoc coae oe pa aop ec ae poe".

eco ocya: ae ee pao a cocey eppea cca xyoeceoo eca. a eppea ac e oo o eca, o o cxooecx ocoeoce ae. Macao aeao ae eppepye ec, coae a ae x ey a oc cxooecx cpyyp.

ooe, copypoae peyae ooex cceoa pae, e ocoy ao . pao o oxo aay epaypoo eca ocoa a e ooao-ccoo oa.

Xyoece ec ocaec c c aeypoa pooyee, ea eo ocoe.

Paoa acaa apae cxoc c yeo cceoa oac epee cxoo. Coaa ae oe apae, a cxocca (e 1990) cxapecoe epaypoeee (e 1996), aop peoaae, o oee ec ay oooc ae y a epaypoe opeco poee cycca.

ABA EPBA 1.1. XOECTBEHH TECT A OET AHAA Oeo oa ec coo. Oao ae ooo cea pea ec aece ocoo e peeo oya. B ce ec opeeec a "opaoa a ocoe ox ce ooe opeo pe, coepaeo oe cacece e eoe eoe" (Pycca T.2, 1982, 83). coa, ocoe eca ea oe c, "ec coco cacecx e, o oe eoc.

Cpe ayx, ycecx peax eco, cpe ce, aeo pa (a epepx o peeo eeoc) ocooe eco aa epaype ec. Oo xyoece ec opee a ec, oop coye oe cpeca x ceeco y ex epea ooaoo coepa.

B ooecx paoax aapyc p opaa xyoeceoo eca a cooo ooo peeoo opaoa. Ho oec ooace oxo, eppy oe aye c, oe a' eocoe pecaee oao ooaoo e, a xyoece ec.

p ceco aae xyoeceoo eca c e "cece cpeca, ocpeco oopx paaec eoe ooaoe coepae epaypoo poee" (epa 1957, 97). O ae ce ocee ae co op, ao ooe o oo cce aoyopeex ycapex co (Hoo .A. 1988, 23).

oa cec aa caec c ocpaoeec, oopoo ec ec epy oepe ooeo yyp. Toa ece c ee, e oye o aeao paax ao yyp yaec yypooeco oepoa.

B paax cecoo aaa axoc ccec, c oo oopoo yac oeoe aopce eaop. Coae aopo opae cpeca occ epe oooc a ye cooece c opa e pe.

Tpao epaypoeec aa xyoeceoo eca yae xyoece ec a poy aoao yyp, oeceo c, e eo c c oxo, c eco epaypo poecce. epaypoeec aa oeppye a aeop o, a eaa, ap, opa, oo, ce.

epaypoeec aa peoaae pacpe eoo coepa o poee (a e, 6-20).

Pacpe ce eca p o pocxo a ocoe "ypex peepo" eca. pocxo opaee oxe, pee coa poee. Tec ao cyae e cea cooocc c aopo, a e oee c aee. epaypoea o a ee o ooe poee e, oope ea o ca ec. Te ca, cec oxo peoaae paccopee eca a eoopo aeo cyoc, ayo a ce cce.

Ta, opee p epaypoeecoo aaa oecoo eca, .M.oa oepa, o ce opoc, xoe a pee oo aaa, a eo "poe coaoo yopoa eca, cxoo aecoo ocp ..

p ce x oeo aoc... paccope cac. peeo... a ye xyoece ec, a oeoe, ye aoeoe ypee caocoeoe eoe" (oa 1972, 5-6).

Coooeca paoa xyoeceoo poee co oepe peoaae paccopee eo a "oyea", "aa" coe ox (yypo-copeca oa epaypoee), o, ecoeo, oe ee ocoa. Oao ya, oc a p, poopee aopa p o ocaec a paa aaa. Tao oxo xapaepe, acoc, eop epayp, peoaaec coeco oe, oopa a oy e peyeceo cope epayp.

poe oepccoo coooecoo oxoo, cyecy pye oxo ecy a poyy peeceo cxeco eeoc aopa, oa ec cooocc e oo c cceo a c py eca, o c cxooe eo coae-aopa.

ocaoo popaoa c eoooeco o pe pecaec oeoeooec oxo ecy (.yccep,. e p.), p oopo e ooea eca po cooece eoae cc oopeo, oycoee peepeo cooeceoc ao, peeo oa, x ce ooe.

Oeo, oao, o a oxo oee aeae p aae opaoo-oecx eco, e xyoecex.

oae xyoeceoo eca a opae cyeoo pa eo aopa pcye a apae, a cepeaa cea (.exep, T.c) cea eaa (.Ae, P.Axe), a ae oe ooaoo opaa (.pa, P.opep).

B ocee o oc cceoa oac oo cecopx cce.

Ocae ox ooeo cxooo ocp paax epoce (Beuty 1988) ooe poaapoa ceece epea x c c ooec aopa. epaec, o pepacoe (apooe, poe ..) ec peyao e oo aoe coo-yypx, aoax copecx aoo, o poee yepcao eeoc oa.

Ta opao, oac ee paccapa ec e a cy ey a, a a cy ey eoeecoo e (Hoo A.. 1983, 19-33). a epeco ecy cpaec epec poea peeoo coa, pecaeo coo ype poecc apoa pey ee eeoc c oo ox ao (Tapaco 1992).

a epeco ecy pocapaec epec poee oo oc, ocoy "e oa ca o cee , e a eo pee, e opac eo opy, oce. ooae eoey, opeo oo oc" (apayo 1987. 8). oa oy oc oo pee ceo epe ec, ocoy "a a eco co oa oc, aea cceo a" (a e, 27).

pecae o oo oc cxocecoy oxoy y pe. oxo pe a peyay peeceo eeoc eoea ooe cxoce paccapa ec a eoe peeo eeoc eoea, a coco opae eceoc peeo coa aopa c oo eeo cce a.

A.A.oe, aapy ac, ca: "ac ec o cocoo oa ecx ooe, xapaepa eoea, o coo, ceo, o oocc paceo copoe e" (oe 1894, 73). Oeo, caaoe oo oec ooe oy xyoeceoy poee. Ec eoco oe e cea oy caa, o o ya, e oee e ce, o o ya (Holtgraves 1999), o xyoeceo ece coo poe oc oe.

Ocae ypeeo pa eoea, pa e ooe eoea py (py ppo, eoea, ee, yyp e 1966) cepxaaa xyoeceoo eca.

ec coepeo ep ec caaoe.B.Ceao ooee o o, o xyoece ec pecae coo e oo opaee eceoc, o paee cpeca ececeoo a eoeecoo ooe py (Ceao 1974).

o coacyec c oe pyx cceoaee. Ta, .C.Boc ca: "Bee oee, opoo, ece ceae, ae pe, epe ye a paaec opa aeop cpac cxooece" (Boc 1956, 334).

cxo caaoo, ooao pecac y xyoeceoo eca. O cyae aece ocoo e oya, cocoa xpae epea opa, op cyecoa yyp, poya opeeeo copeco ox, opae a .. eo o coae oco oeceoc oca eca eo oocex opeee (aep 1981;

aeca 1990;

pacx 1998;

eoe 1979;

oce 1994;

Hoaea 1978;

Peepoca 1983:

Copo 1985;

Topcyea 1986 p.).

Ba ocyao cxoc, y o .B.ep, ec yepee o o, o "ec e cyecye e eo coa ocp" (eoe 1969, 15). oxo ecy a cyy ae, coaeo cocey poe eca coe coa, peoaae, o a poe oe oac o aopcoo pecae o cce eca.

Ocoooaa cxocecoo aaa peyaa ocp xyoeceoo eca ec ooee o oo eeo (A.a). eo ceye, o ec ocpaec aoee aeao e aee, cooec c oeo eeea Pyaa cxooece ocoeoc oopoo aoee aopc (Pya 1977;

e 1983).

Hapy c yaa oxoa, poy a pecac cxooec, cxoaaec cxapec oxo xyoeceoy ecy, eo epcoaa eo aopy.

1.2. CXOOEC AHA TEPATP Oco pyo o cxoo xyoeceoo eca caec paoa Bocoo "cxoo cycca". B e o caa apaocaoe c o pe cxoo ooee o o, o cycco ec pee ceo "cooyoc ceecx ao".

poo cxooec aa cycca, o paccapae pee ceo ocoy o op a "eoxooe ycoe xyoeceoo pae" (Boc 1987, 37).

Boc e cpa, o cpo co oe cycca a "oex ececeoayx aaax", paax o oeo cxoo cycca (a e, 8) oa xyoeceoe poeee ceo a poy yyp (a e, 9). Taoe ooee cyccy eao oecxooeco oe Bocoo, oaeo 1925 . cxy a "ocpecy exa, p oo oopoo ooece ooe coao-oec cpo op y y eoo" (a e, 25).

Coaco Bocoy, " cao o, o e c, yca .. cxa oeoo a ce e coaa coao oycoea" (a e, 28).

Boc paye cycco epaypy paax eop yypo-copecoo oocpeoa yao cx a: "cycco ec a yee "oeceoo yca". epeaa yc e ac coepaec co coaoo yca, oopoe oepoao, eceo e ac, aepaoao apeeo o ex peeax cycca, oope ceac opy oeca" (a e, 233, 239). .C.Boc yepa, o "e pao pa ey poecca apooo oo opeca" (a e, 19), oaa, o "o ex op, oa ye opaac aao poecco, pocxox coa, ea ae oe a cae ocoe opoc cxoo cycca" (a e, 95). ooy, o eo e, eeecoopao "cceoa aea a cxooecy poey", ocoy "aey eooo pca aoo xapaepa", o "o xapaep coe cax poooox ep eooo pya aoo-o paooooo oce eo pea ocya" (a e, 169-170).

Ho a oa c aaooc opaa aea, oopa peae ox peccepo aee? Boc e, o ecpoc ae xoe y opo a a o, o o y eo oa. Oao ae ece ce pe e, paccyae, a "yco opo pocxo cpe ceoe ca, o oo oa epex cepe, ce o cxa eao", a opao ae o a ae ocoe.

p o ae "coepeo eoo eo, a yae opo cepa opae ocpe a, ae acae eo " (a e, 176-177).

"Bce epepypo ocox co, cae Boc, a oo o peoae peoae yoo cxooecoo ea" (a e, 178). Te ca "aaooc aea", o Bocoy, pecae a "ec xyoece pe, oop ao occ" cooec c "aoa paaypeco oo o ox" (a e), a caa "cxoo xapaepca epo e epa, cya poo oe, a eo, ceec oe aoe" (a e, 167).

Aapy "Ee Oea" A.C.ya, Boc yepae, o " Oea ec oo a epo" (a e, 213). O cae, o "y ae ooe apaee coey poay, oa oaae Tay, oopa oaa co cyy py ooo paa oa. Ha cao ee oae o Oe" (a e, 215). eo "ee poooooo" (a e, 212) ea, o eo e, ocoe ocpoe poaa.

Cxooe ocpoee ee, o e Bocoo, o "op o ya" y A.C.poeoa. "oyaec a oceoc, e o. B oe oe ea oe ooeoo epo. Ha cee oe ayco, a epeax pe a" (a e).

oop, o, oop "o oeo cxoo o oex aax cycca", cceoae peaae paoa cycco a "cooyoc ceecx ao" (a e, 8-9). "yy cpyyppoaa xyoeceo ope, oepye oe Bocoo M..poec, a cooyoc ee coce cayc, eac o x aec cae. ooy e ceye ca poe x aec x oa" (poec 1987, 300). o Bocoo ooe poe oc aopa ece paa: epe "cxoo aopa a ocoa ooa ao e" (Boc 1987, 9).

oe Bocoo axoc coac c oxoo ox epaypoeo xyoeceoy ecy. Ta, paoax yex, xox OO (oeco o ye a), cycco ae oaec a pe (oc 1919).

B acoc, .M.xeay oaa, o ocoe ocooo o ec "e" H.B.oo e caooc, aayp c ceeao-eopaaeca eaa, a "coa oopa ocae eco ope e o py ooae xapaepx ep, a o py yoo cea" (xeay 1919, 157-158), ee e aepy a.

O cxooeco oxoe epaype o e cceoae ca: "M oe oey-o "cxoo" "xapaepc". Hao yae, o xyo e oo, o "opaa" cxoo xapaep... Ha cao ee xyo eo aoo e opaae, ooy o coce e a opoca cxoo. a oce e oo cop "aea", o ya cxoo" (xeay 1924, 78).

He ca epe coo aa p exc oxoo ceecoy oey, oe, o oe Bocoo ec opaee e oo ococoae eoo, o oex ( eceo poopex) coc xyoeceoo eca, a ae poee "oo ypae" (Pya 1977, 214) caoo cceoae (aea epe, cae, o ooc ec "cxoo cycca" "ce" o ooao-ccoo oae eca).

Cpe pyo o cxoo ec pao, ocee cxooecoy aay poecca coa epaypoo poee (Apayo 1970;

poo 1986;

apaoc 1990, 21-30;

e 1968). Ta, Apayo oeae, o cyo aca poee aopa oe cy eocpeceoe aee (Apayo 1970, 50-78, 348), ocoae o e (a e, 114-156), acpoee aopa (a e, 88-123, 348), a ae oe opea c (a e, 345-346). coa, a aaeoe oxoee oe a oycoe e pa, a eac o x.

B eoopx cxooecx cceoax, e paccapac yae ocoeoc oc, cae peeo opae epaypx poeex, acoc, peaoae xapaepax epcoae a poex ocx coc ecx aopy e.

o e Bocoo, cceoae, paoae paax cyeo cxoo cycca (ep Bocoo Boc 1987, 20) "oocc oepo ao xyoeceoy poee ac o... (oeee epcoaa B..) caa eo yeo , oo o o aco eoe, oe x apye o cea cy apye o o a eoeeco ppo, o e o xyoeceoo ocpoe" (a e, 156-157).

Ta, Boc pye poe eoop epayp pa pao ec ecpa "ae" a "pae ecc eo", oopo aop oaa "eooo eoea paepy pae, oay ye eoea, oop pa coepe eoo ea, o y oopoo e oo yx c" (a e, 157).

eo oooo poa oxo (epee Bocoo) oo oapy y .M.Teoa. "Xyoecea epaypa, ca o 1944 oy, coep ecepaee aac aepao, e oopx e oe ooc aya cxoo" (Teo 1985, 306).

Aapy "aey pae" ya "Moap Caep", Teo eae o o o, o "Caep caoc pao "o cpac", ac ooy, o o. ecop a yo y, co aa, aeaeoe poeccoaoe acepco, eoe c yco yo.

Hae ooo opoaoo epeca, paeo c apaeoc oc e eeo oop poope, o o o ce oace ee poe, eeo ae eoea ypee coo yae yx" (a e, 309).

Paccapa "Ee Oee" cpo, oocec Tae apo, Teo paye x a cpa poecc} "oppoa cxecx coc oc ( x pa B..) epeoe oe " (a e, 312). O e, o ec aae poaa Taa "oapya peao eocpecey ooay pea", o oe "oa ooee cepaoc, ypaoeeoc, cooc, ye ae coo" (a e, 310). Te ca, oaaa poae " Ta o aeaea cop oae co eepaeo, ... cop oca cee xapaepa... ypoax (a e, 311).

Opaee cxooa xyoeceo epaype a ocaoo ocoepoy oca ypee eoea (Bac 1984, 161-162) oe opaao. Be ac aee epcoaax x e epea co xyoeceoo poee a peae.

p ao ao-cxooeco oxoe o oee epo yc " ex oex pecx, oope ea a y ocyece ocaeo epe e. p oyc ooa o paoo cca eco paooooc oe, e ce, oxo ( ecy B..) a aycoy cya , oop epeeo oe pacooa ae paoo cca" (Boc 1987, 157-158).

Paccapa cxooecy oe eoo y eoea, .A.Ayxaoa-Caca (1991) po epaype pep oo, a opaa co ype p o pyx (ocyopc "Caa o opcaax"): a eoe cpec o-coey cpac co coe , o ee cee (epo Xey);

pyoo eoea paa a y ("Aa apea" .Tocoo) a co yaoc (epo A.pa) (Ayxaoa-Caca 1991, 23, 36). Paa ooec oxo oc, cceoaea e, o eoe oe o axoc o ac oa cox po (a ape a e, 250), o oce e ocoaa cca coe (a epo poaa oo A "ea ecax", oa ecxoy cya cpc c e a e, 24).

Coepeo oeo, o oooc xyoeceoo eca ocaoo ocoepo epeaa yca c eoea, oaaeoc pyo cya, oy cooa o-epa, e oopo ec oo aey o y "oo xapaepo epaype, cycce, o a ce a ae, pe eoeeco yype, yepc a opao coceo yxoo yaoc" (ypo 1989, 133). B ceao epaype poc cc poee, oope peoeyc p opeeex opax cocox (a e, 133-136), oppe ooe ey poe e(Phillips 1996), yee opocox o epoo, ax paoo poee (Pardeck, Pardeck 1993), oe aeo caooe, oa epecc, oce acoa (sexual abuse), ocooe o apoeco (Kus 1995) eo xeco acoc.

1.3. CXOAHA O TEPATPE B copeeo aye ooo poo pacpocpae "cye" oxo poee cycca epayp, p oopo eeo xyoeceoo eca axo oppe " cxe aopa. Cooeceo, ec eppepyec a peaa coeco opece aopcoo ocoa. Pe e pee ceo o cxoaae o paoax ax yex, a .pe, .ep, .Paoop, .aa, .Paop-aepep.

Oop cxoaaecoo oxoa epaype peye ceaoo paccope, xoeo a pa aoo cceoa (c. e 1996, 36-44), ooy opac e o a o apaee.

p aae ceecx ocoeoce xyoeceoo opeca poea cycca, .pe cxo yoo ocyaa "ooo oeca", oopo, o eo e, copec "coaae aao pe, paceoc, oeceoc cycca" (pe 1923, 165). co cycca ycapac aa, c oo oopo co, oaaec o aepe ca aece oa peao , ca ce a eo eco oopae, cpec a opao yoeop co eccoaee ee. To, y oo ocoeo co o pao oopaee, ca ep oo, cye oe co eccoaee ee ecy opy, aoap ey o epeca acoa pepac cpeco caoyoeope a oopae caoo oa, a aax pyx e, ax eo oecoy oocy. Ca oecoo oopae, cocoa axa ye a coo acc aacec, oopaae p, popeae, a yepa pe, ooe aee ooy, o ocoe ee e ceoee yco aeoo ooe epooy oy.

Te ca, aa oopeco aec eop pea ye cypoa eccoaex ee eoea. Taoe oae p ooe cycca aaae oeao a peocy cxoaaecy oe xyoeceoo opeca, a ope aa oex poee cycca. a o, a pyo cyae peaaec cxoaaeca poeypa o pacpoe "a" eccoaeoo, oop coeco ope opeae co caocoeoc aax, ax, caax, cax, poeex cycca. cycco paccapaec peo a coeopa coco ppe ooox po "peaoc" "yooc" ye ece coa eoea coao epeex yco.

Oo cococye ce peax ex oo oepa cxecoo paoec, o ec cyae po coeopao epa, eye ycpae oeex coo. B cxe xyoa o ocaec ye opecoo caooe pacope eccoaex ee coao peeo xyoeceo eeoc.

o coey ccy aa epa aoae "aapcc" Apcoe. Ho ec y oceeo cpeco yxooo oe cyae oo pae, o ocoae cxoaaa o cey ceo cycca.

p o cxoaa epeo coc e oo ceyx oeco cep cxecoo:

1) eee aep caoe c apeccoe yco oy y ao (oec a), a y eoe eee oy peoc aep (oec ep):

2) cpeee . cep, c oop opec c caocoxpae (c cep c ):

3) p yooc, xo poopee c po peaoc:

4) yco cpax acpa.

a oaa pe, ae eoo o oey ece oo ye "ye yee poecc... cpe o oee" (pe 1990a, 35-36). Ta o epe a ocoy aaa oc eoapo a B eoo opo eo ea:

aec, e o cyo pecaao a ocoaeo aac opyo, ooy o ye coxpaoc, aepoe, oe paee ocoae, yo oa ea oe, pee o e opy, op e xoco po oo pa oy xoco o y (a e, 14)'.

Ha ocoa o ac pe oaae, o eoapo oaa "eee aep...

o e ac ey aep e o e ya" (a e, 25). Te ca, pacca eoapo "ec... oee o aa" (a e, 15), oopo poc "acce oocecyae" (a e, 17) ycpee.

yp poc oeca oceoaee oo oxoa ca cyccoeo, caee, epaypx po, pec a 3050-e o XX ea, pe peoy cecy oeceoo epeca poee cxecoo eo ooe cyccy.

oc pao o cxoaay cao a apxeecx cop, cax, pepy, c oo cye oeo cae (pa 1998) oa oeca aopa epaypo ca (yo 1994) p.

Xapaep pepo cxoaaecoo oopeeo cpyypo opooecoo oxoa epaype ec a ae Paop-aepepa "-o e oo" (Rancour-Lafer-riere 1982), ocea aay oec "e" oo.

B oec paccaaec o o, a oo eapaee, cy o o aa Aa Aae. "Ec eepype c pa cex, oyax 400 pye o aoa ooo oo. Bpa o e o pyo, a a ceep opo", e oo. Aa Aae op, o cyo a eo e o oo cepoc, o coo, oaa pacoac O peae o e, o opo epo peaae c ey oy. Aa Aae ooae, o ao e popec oy e oa o opaaec oce, e cocy oea o coe, eo pa ca c eo e. O aec oaoac ooy aeoy y. o o oae a eo oo. Aa Aae ypae. Ho cope opoe oec epe-pee, oop oae y aeoo iuua eo e.

Paop-aepep co c coy opao oo poee pao cxoaaa oea, opaa ae a oe, ycoae o a ae paoo ooce opao eaa ocox co.

Ta, opo epo peaae oo a opo yy, a, o e Paop aepepa, pyccx aeax coa ya, ya, yoa e aoe e aee, o coo cunt aco (a e, 203). Ao, o peyae "y e y,. a eco ee pa oy,... oopy a oo o cea p a yy", oo oepae o, a a " pycco e, e o, "oo" oe aaa ea ooe, pocya poco cecyao aa ea. Tae pae, a y, a o, oa caa, oepa o Acoe "pussy" cee ee aee "vagina", a paycoe "le chat" ee o e aee" (a e, 203).

e ypae, a o a "opae" (ec poc pep yopee oo aoa pae " op ey"). Hae e po ceecye, c oo copo, o ee eco ppoe. C pyo copo, Paop-aepep opaae ae a o, o oa coo e pycco e cooc a coo ycoo poa, a oa a ecoo. B o cyae cao coo acoao e coce oo ccey pyccoo a oo pee. A eo o, o e cxoaaa, yaae a o, o e ec e-o y epo.

B epe a cceoae axoc, oeo, a po o e Paop aepepa, oeo, o Aa poooe o coa aa, o o oepae ae aepa cao ece, e ocaec cea opa e' "..o eo a cya ec a. yc ye ye o aac a eo oe. Oe Aa, a yc c ye Aa. Ta opao pooe Aa Aae".

Ocee cxoaaa, oey epo oc a aa, ooo oo. O paccapae, ax oecax coo aa yopeeo pyx ecax oec. Coaco eo oe, eo o ooe pacp coy aopcoo coa.

ep pa o coo oec epe opaee epo "Ocaoc c oco epe ocee ooo aaa ocope a apy, e opaea a aa-o paca ea, oopa caa c ce aa, oa a opao c oy. oe eypy;

a a co ee, epe pyo oa. ca ooy ao-o ya c aeapa paco )ca oo o yo".

Bopo pa oce opae: "Capyxa, xoa app, yca cpa cy ep, oceo coa c oce c aao a oo oo oe oeaa oop ep, pepa a py coe, cpooc, pyo pyay".

cceoae aae opoc o o, e e ao x yx cyae axoc opo aa? Eo oe a cxoaaa ao' oc caoo aaa. "eo o ec peeo, oop e oea co o. pae po e oee oop oee co, cao aaa oop o o, o o acc, aoxcc, aao/aa oe eco apecc" (a e, 92-93) A o e pecae coo, coaco ao oe opo epo? o e Paop-aepepa, oec ey yeeo eao a.

Bo-epx, ce, o opyae epoa opyeo o pa.

"Bpac o ece ee epoy, oopa a c yaea oo, oo poya aco e cpyo aaxo, oop ec aa.

Aa Aae ye oya o o, coo apoc epo" o acaec caoo oee, o "xoa.. ayca coo y yxe, o e o e ae cax apaao" epo c, a ype aa, y eo ec aaepa cpa oo ae (pee ceo pocc aa oo ae, oe ec Aa Aaey, c a-o ypooa oe, oc pe, a y epeax epe). epo ooa: Ocac cyxo, ooa ep, a paaec o ea. ooe, "o oxo aaa ep ae ae e".

Bce epecee oca, o e Paop-aepepa, oop o o, o epo o, oop yopee aoo, c y, e eo ece a Bocoe, oaae epo ae (a e, 59).

To. o Aa Aae poae ey epe ep (a) xo, yaae a a poxo (a e, 67) e ca a aaoc epoa a aaoc Aa Aaea a, ceoaeo, a eo oocecyaoc. Aaoc Aa Aaea oepaec e, o o epe (oo oy cya) yp (xo ecoo pa "aeoy y").

o e cyoc c Aae Aaee ae? a o o aaa (aopo)?

Paop-aepep axo ocee ceyx yx oax.

o y oc epo ocaaaec epe po, e caea apa c paeaec ao (c. e). oce oce Aa Aae e eceo pacooe yxa, ae oea o py, eeco oey, a ao-o ao, oopa, a o, poa o y oopo ca ac ea a coea eooeoo e.

paec cpay e oce oo eo pa. pocxo o a: Aa Aae ycoa oo, a c c eo e, a ey a oeo, o ya a ce eo y oe e ycoa.

aa a, o e cxoaaa, o yapa ax, ea.

Ceoaeo, eae o o, Aa Aae aaa a eae eepocecyaoo oaa'.

Payeec, poo co aa, Paop-aepep eae ooopy, o oe eo ae cp o oca aee (a e, 59). Ho o peaae co epc oo, o axoc a eco, oee o, o oo e -o eca.

Coepeo co, o aoe cooae cca eca oe a o y ae, oopoo xyoece ec ec peaa eo ex cocax aopcoo ocoa eo o eo paypce, a o ec pey. (o aey ee e a aepcoo opoa ec, o e cceoae, ee oo po cep epo yee, ocaoo aco eppea xyoeceoo eca cceoaee, yy ye eo eo coa, opaae eo eo ee pa).

poa aya oooaya cycc opy pao cxoaaecoo apae a oeo ce eyepcaoc ooo pao coa ocoa, a ae poooc ooa cca xyoeceoo eca.

Ta, ae co ae cxoaa, a ap , cae "O ooe aaeco cxoo oo-xyoeceoy opecy" e: "cxoaa xyoeceoo poee aeo ooec o coe e, paccopee epeocc oac oeeoeecy, ... cycca pae ecyecey". O opoa co o e, o poeee cycca "e eoe, a eo cepxoe" (, 1991. 270, 273).

peaa cocey eppea xyoecex eco. apyyc a cxapeco paoe cx aopa, p ee opaoe pao poa cxoaa. ce e y ac ec oo paoe coopaee ooe ao eop. peaa yepcae pep oa poe eoeeco oc, cxoaa ae oy ocoy cyecoa yopoa eoeeco cx.

paa e ceecye o o, o paoopae o pcocoeo eeoc eoea poae paoopae o eoeeco cx, o po oacy ee poe epaype cycce. Xyoecee ec e oy poee ooo aaa eoee. cxece ocoa x ooopa.

ooy, e opa oo, o copoa cxoaaecoo oxoa epaype ceao oo ox epecx ae, e coacc c e, o ce xyoecee ec oy oepy aay c ao-o eceo o p o yy oye peya, aeae paccapaeoy oey.

1.4. CXATPEC AHA TEPATP Bpaee pae cyeoo oxoa epaype ec cxapec a xyoecey epaypy. Eo oco aoe paoax ax yex, a B.p, .peep. .opoo, Mopo e Typ, .Hce, A. O, B.ee.

peee cxapecx a ooe cea ooo aepaa ooe cceoae ca ao a epcoaa xyoeceoo eca, a eo aopy. Opao oooo cceoa ec oopa apa Aeomapia "Aeypoae oc". B epo ee ac "Too oce" (eoap 1981, 11 172) cceoae aae oco coe oe "aeypoax" (coao eaapoax a e, 6) oce, o acca cxoaecx oce .aya. Bo opo ac "oc xyoeceo epaype" (a e, 173-371) eoap po aece cpa oca a aeypoax oce oocee pep poo epayp cceoae oae ycooc aoo oxoa " cae peceye oeco ee, axoxc a peea cep cxoo, e o, poco e ee oooc aeo ca ocoeoc oc pax ecyx Hepeo, aoe, ca epcoa cya ooee e. pa, opo o aya copee coec, a o ooe e oy peca e peax (a e, 269) ce e eoap oaae, o epaypo opece oo ye "opa (eeo a B.) aeypoax oce", oce, oope "epeo co a pe aoo" (a e).

eoap paccapae ceye aeypoax oce eocpae, eaece, acpeae, oye, epece, cece, aeo ae, aeo apoae, peoe, oe, cpaep poae, poeppoae. Co acca epcoae epaypx poee o coooc eo c acca.

Oca eocpae (cepe) oc, eoap oeae, o x xapaepa oc, cpeee cec pe cee ae, aa pa, ca, apc (a e, 40-61) eocpa oc xyoeceo epaype o ooc ox epcoae .M.ocoecoo yy, eopa aoa, Cepoa ("pa apaao"), eeea ("o"), opp epoa ("pecyee aaae"), epoe epe oxea, oepocoo Tapa ("Tap"), yaa (oe e Bea "ya"), eca py (T Ma "pa aapca eca py"), opaa ( ope "e"), epaopa Hepoa ( Cee "Quo vadis9"), eco ( ep "aoop eco eye"), p epcoae peepeecx aopo (Cooa, cxa, Epa, aa) (a e, 270 283).

eoap yepae, o "xyoecea epaypa, oy a eocpa oc, o e pe eca ea oc eaec" ( aaaca peo , o, po) O ae ceyee peooee:

"Ocee oo, oey cae e oca cox poeex aaaco, ceye, oeo, ca cax caex Bepoo, o cax cee e axo oox ocoeoce. a ooy e oy yeeo x opa" (a e, 283) o eo e, o pepo eaeco oc ec axcp (pacca Apeo e B "Beep paoop I. Becee"), oopoo ya oeee coe o ooy coe eoooc cpoeoy copy, oace, a e ypa epeoe ey yeco, o ec peoa oacoc, oope oeo ooe e cyecy" (a e, 290). B aece pe po oooo a oc eoap po aoo epo oec Pxepa "yeece ocooo cea ee o e";

epoe poaa.

eepa "ee epx" ec Moepa "M oo", Hexoa "Bocpece" Tocoo cceoae ee ca aeypoax oce apaox ( "acpeax", o eo epoo, a e, 295), oopx xapaep ocece ae, oaoc, ceoc, aococ, caoaeoc ecoe (a e, 75-89).

cy apaox eoap ooc: Oeo (ecp "Oeo"), Pooa Pacooa ey Mapeaoa (ocoec "pecyee aaae"), Aeca (Moep "Mapo"), oxaca (.o ec "Mxa oxac"), cyaa Opocaa (Boep "apa"), cy (aepo "Caaec aa") epcoae peepeecx aopo -epy (Coo "epa"), Mee (E-p "Mee") (a e, 295).

pepo opoao cepo-apaoeco oc, cxap cae paa Moopa pa epa "Pao".

e eoap o oyx ocx. Tao eoe oepe "ee, ca, eopopye oye " (a e, 89). "p oeo cee pea oo a" oo oop o "eoo cxoa, xo pa c c ece o e oaea" "Pea oyx oce yc,. ya epoc" (a e), y x aco oae e, coc, papaeoc;

ee eoeco (a e, 92) "ypoe e ooo o (a e, 90). B oc y x epe "yce oe oy, o co ecooc" (a e).

Tae oc, o e cceoae, oao pecae xyoeceo epaype. o yp (.oxe "yp o oe"), opoa (ecp "opoa"), epa (Coo "Tpax";

Ep "epa") (a e, 307). B acoc, pae Epa "epa, epyc oo, pae ey yae co ey ee. ae o opyaec co, pocyc e, eo e o o coepeo oe. epo c yaco yae o o, o coepeo" "pao ey epaa, oepye .eoap, oe aoae eecoe cyepeoe cocoe coa" (a e, 313).

epo ocoecoo p apaao ("pa apaao") ec cyae oyo oc. poe oo, cae, ca cpaa eec paa, ae ox epcoae cox poee, acoc, Ma ("o"), Cepoa ("pa apaao"), Mypa ("Xoa"), He ("ee ocopee").

Tpeoy oc oae "pooc, oopo ycyec ee oopoc, yeoc" (a e, 131-133). pepa ax oce epaype c, o e eoapa, oco apa ( oe Moaccaa), acep ya ooeo oe ee, ye oec.eepa "ee epx", Toac Mepe (Ma "Toac Mepe"), axooa eya (ocoec "o").

oo oc xapaepa "yceoc yoe pea oac ox o" (a e, 133). "Oo e oo eepaea, e cceoae, aa ocepe. O oee aoc, e pye, oe oac pacpoaoc, ca ocoy paoc o oe c ppoo, c poee cycca. oa x xapaepy a e ayex" (a e, 133).

a oc epaype, o e eoapa, paea ae epcoa ocoecoo Ba ("ee ocopee"), Coea Mapeaoa ("pecyee aaae"), ae Co (.Toco "Boa p") (a e, 320-323), aa e Pea (Cea "pacoe epoe") (a e, 345-346).

eoap a ocae cece oc (cec eepae):

"oc oo a o aype cep oo cocpeooe a pax, eax copoax opao oe cee, e a paocx". p oee peo poe cec eepae epexo cyepecc (a e, 122). B epaype o "cepe epee Hayc, oop yae o o, o eo oe ype, oc, o eo e yy ecoa" (.oxe "Bocpec e ey").

epeca oc (coa cee poe cooecye oaaaoy coco) xapaepyec "po acpoee" "ao eeoc, oeo coooxooc eee ocoo ooc o e paoopa, o oa po caa ce" (a e, 117).

B epaype a oc cceoae ooc Bacey Beceocoo (.Toco "Aa apea"), aepy Ocoy Xoxaoy (ocoec "pa apaao"), apoa (B.o "Oepee"), acaa (ecp "Bopce ace") (a e, 327-331).

oece oc, o eoapy, "o , oopx xapaepa cea epecx cecx coco. Ha epe a cyae o o, o pyo x yx oco.... po ce oco e cea c ee papae, oa ae ocaoo eyooo oopoa oe acpoe" (a e, 124-125).

o e cceoae, "eoc (aoc) oooo a ocec cyyo ooec pa, ooy ao pacoaae coa xyoeceoo opaa. Ceoaeo, a ao opa xyoeceo epaype eeo (a e, 336). B aece pepo o po paya (O. "Map") Payxa (ocoec "pecyee aaae").

Aeo-apoa eepae eoap aae "eepaeo peo cac. aoo a peapy a x oee ypo, e ocae... oaoo eo pxo ocop o paocx co oae o eax" (a e, 127).

epo ecpa Poeo ("Poeo yea"), epc, oc poe "opa opa" ("epx IV");

ocoecoo aepa aoa ("pa apaao"), Hacac oa ("o"), p aypc (ec "p aypc"), Mopep (ep "Map Cap"), Maa e Mo (Cea "pacoe epoe"), Hoa Poco (.Toco "Boa p") c pepa oce oo a (a e, 338 349).

eoap ee poeppoay aeypoay oc, oea, o oa "e e coo co ocp oye, coo co pecae ooy ee co a aoe a aoo eoea ooceo ao;

opao aee o, o o o x yae" (a e, 161).

cy epaypx epcoae, oaax poeppoaoc, cceoae ooc epcoae ocoecoo aa apaaoa ("pa apaao") Opoa ("Xoa"), aca oe (.oxe "ac oe oa a").

"ooo oy, a o-xo (Cepaec) pecae coo poeppoao oc, e eoap, Cao aca oc o cpaeppoaa. O o ce ec poooooc coey ocoy, epe coo oy oey eceoc. eo ooy Cao oeope paec oxo ea, pa paccyo, pooco oopaoc o o xoa" (a e, 361).

cpaeppoao oc ec, o e cceoae, Cpeca ( oe o coeo coecea Copaa) oe Apcoaa "Oaa", a ae Be Te (ep "Be Te"). apo e oo (Cea "apca oe"). To yepo (T.Ma "yepo"), Aea (ocoec "ee ocopee").

oeo e, eoap ae ocae pep ceax cyae "oa oyoc acpea" (, oop ae, eooc apaooc):

oa "oc c peoaae peooc oc acpeae" (a e, 317 320): cec-acpeae oc (coea epeccoc apaooc a e, 325-327);

coeae epoc eocpaoc (a e, 331-333). Ec y eo pep epcoae, "oaax oopeeo apoa eepaeo eocpa xapaepo" (a e, 349), a ae "coea poeppoaoc epoc" (a e. 359-361).

Ceye opa ae a aoe, a a , aee cxapa, acaeec paooo opaaex xapaepo B acoc, o oeae cxooecy eocoepoc oca eaeco oc xyoeceo epaype. Ta, po ee .Mepa o o, o A.exo paccae "Cep oa" ocae "eoea, cpaaeo epoo ax coco", cceoae oopeeo oeae, o epo coo e coeaec o, o eo oeee opaao oocoao, o pe a epo c a coco eeo yac a coe, ey xapaepo ypee ope" (a e, 284).

Aao opao o oaae, o oo e Aa Aaea ("e") "opaae eoea, oop ee oe co paoy a aaac, o ypee ax aa-acecx ep e ee" (a e, 287).

Paoa eoapa pecae coo aoee apyepoa eoooec eo pae oxo, oop ooe ye cpoo a opao epaypoo epcoaa peaoo (yc coao eaapoaoo) eoea.

pye copeee cxap ae po aa epoe xyoeceoo eca a cxoaecx oce.

Ta, oeee aa aoa aa Hopoa (oo "oec o o, a occopc a ao c ao Hopoe") oe ooaeo cxapo a cyeco (Cee 1991, 119);

"ea Xecaoa ("Peop" oo) apoa Mxayea (.Pace "apo Mxaye") ca apae", e M..yo (yo 1991), ooc x, a ooecoo Hopea (o e 1993, 43), cepec ea.

y ooeoo paccaa B.ya "o xapaepooecoy oy" paceaec cxapo B..Cee a "aa (c epa eco cx) oc c pae o paao" (Cee 1991, 114). P pyx epcoae ya (Mo aco paccaa "op";

Ma Epao paccaa "Ce y ae";

Hoa pope yo-o paccaa "Bpa epe a eco") c, o e cxapa, apao cxoaa (a e, 117) Aao opao, oeee epo poaa ocoecoo "po" oe paccopeo a poecc acpea, a oeeo cpac (Kohan 1995).

e y Oooy ("Ooo" oapoa) cxap ca ao epecc (yo 1989, 114), epo cea "o cxoaece oc.. ae ceo apao ope" (a e, 174).

Taoo poa pepo oo pec ooo oo Ta, paccopee cxooo .E.Baco yca c Pacooa (ocoec "pecyee aaae") o oce coepe pecye (Bac 1984, 161-176) oo ey a ocae oe oee, p oopo apaca ypee poope ycaec o ey oc oeco (a e, 167).

ac e aoo poa aaax pao ae opoc o coooe ca peaoc, oee, opoc o o, ao cee peaoc oepaec eopa xyoeceo ece.

Oea "oeee" Pacooa a "eooe", Bac pepaco oae, o oeo eo aaa ec e pea eoe, a epayp epcoa p o o ca p opoco, oope c aya ae acoeo cceoa.

"ay oaaeoc e ae aoo aaa Moe o (cceoae B ) pe pacca a ee peax cxooecx aooepoce, apep, cy peaa opae? Moo aec, o cae, e xo a pee cxooeco ocoepoc opae ec epea, e caae e cxooecx aoo, e. o ce, ocaoe , pe ooo a cxooeca peaoc? aaec , ccey cxooece aooepoc oee epcoae, peocpye peaoc ae ceo peocpye cpo oe xyoa, eo e o o peaoc? A, oe , ooe ac ya cxoo peax e ocpeco aaa poyo oecoo ca a e eccceo, a ya poo op o ooa apco?" (a e, 161-162).

o e cxooa, aoo poa opoc yy ee oo a coeo pee.

1.5. CXOATOOEC AHA TEPATP cxoaooec oxo oc cae ae paee epoeco a "ec apx eaoc oapeoc (poaoo), oce opoca aoo eao-oapeo oc, a ae opoca aoo opeca", oop xo o peae -pa. B. Ceaa Cepoce 1925-28 oax B e pecaea oe c eoeoo eaoo (oapeoo) eoea c coa cxoaecoo pa (ec 1926, 3), oepea cceoa aepaa, acac opecoo poecca epaypx eepo oc e.

Coeo poa pao ya oo a oy cy coa . peepa, aopa "eaoc oeaeco". "yeo opo o, oop o 1926 oy oae a ey "eaoc poee", o axoc yeo paoec xopoo ce ycye. Taoe cocoe e ec, oao, cocoe, oopoe ao eoea a ee ea" (a e, 1927, 177).

oco aepao copa "ec apx" oce cxoaec ocoeoc opecx e, pe x e o coa aopa pa ecx oce. p o, c oo copo, peac ae, acaec coco cxecoo opo poee, pae, cecep pyx poceo ex e. Cpe x poceo opecx oce oapyaec eao c cxec ooe (a e, 1925, 93-110). C pyo copo, aapyec oepeoc cax opecx oce cxec aoea.

Ta, paccapaec c ao opeca ya c ae y eo "epeccx pcyo, copooaxc yao yxox eecx c, ae oyee" (a e, 1925, 35), e aaao epeccx coco (a e, 38) epooa a ocoa aaa eo cxoope ceec x oeaec oeea epoc (a e, 1926, 190), a ae eaxo (a e, 196).

ocaoo paoopae o eac ooe oo. B acoc, caac peooe o o, o y eo paccpoca "accoaoo aapaa poooo e" (a e, 1926, 269), a ocoa ceec copeeo ecx oyeo eaoc aee o eo opeeco cxe (a e, 1926, 263-305). B o e pe poc ae cxapa a o ope y oo cae (a e, 23).

p paccope opeca Maca opoo eaec o o o, o o ox paccaax cae "acae cox epoe oyac a caoyco oa caoyco", o eo ooe ae oop o "epaypo cyoa opoo" (a e, 207). p o poc ceeca ooceo ecox oo caoyc y caoo cae. poe oo, oeaec ae yeo ocpx aao.

Aaooy aay oepyo opeco eoa Apeea. "Cpax yac, cpax cep, cpax ocoe o eoo-Apeeco eaxo, e ocae eo oa ye eo eco, opoeco oc, ca -p ..aa cae "cxoaooec opa eoa Apeea" (a e, 1927, 148). oyo oeaec ae aooa oece o, eccee o caoyc epec oeaypy. eaec o o a y Apeea eo op epace, copooaec cpaxo cep. p o cceoae cae o c eo pao, oopy cae epe 16 e, pocc a pec ca cpax cep, axoc o poexa a oeo (a e, 236).

pao a ac ec yepee aopo pa ya ypaa o poaoo o o, o a, coe opecy, oepe ec. Bo ox yax copa oopc o aeo-eeco e eaoc (a e, 3).

Ta, poc ceeca o a y apa o eoc papaeoc eecoo xapaepa (a e, 1926, 153), o eecx paax y ocoecoo (a e, 173-177), Tocoo (a e, 154-170), A.oa (a e, 183 184), oepa (a e, 172-173;

a e, 1927, 123), Mcce (a e, 1926, 181), ae (a e, 183), eca (a e, 184), aaa (a e, 1927, 122).

B aepaax "ecoo apxa..." aa ecx ceec ocaoa cae cxoaooecoo cxapecoo aoo copooac opo aao coepaeo copo poee x caee. Beo e, aa opeca pooc e oo a cxooecx cxoaooecx, o a cxoooecx ocoax.

1.6. CXATPEC OXO HOCT ABTOPA ocoy ocoo xyoeceoo eca ec ocpoee eoo pa, ec eeo oaaec oeo ao c, a cxap, oopa cceye e oo cey, o "eaeaoc cyeo opaaeo eeoc" (opo, eoo 1971, 5) eoea.

pee, e epe aooecoy aepay, ocaoc a opoce o aoo, aeya ope oc.

aoo oc o aeoe ooee o op, poeec acoao oee apyeo coa. Aeypoaa oc oaec peepo paeoc oex ep xapaepa x coea, peca coo pa apa op. Aeypoaa oc, a pao, e aapoaa opyae cpee axoc oe c e. Cyeceo epo aeypoao oc ec ae eaeaoc ee opaaeo cocooc. Peaoe ooee e pacxoc c e, a aeypoaa oc opaae eo coe coa. p o pacxoee ey peaoc pecae o e yye o c oeco e po.

eo a aopa xo opeeee cxapeco oe. ep "apye pooo aaa eoea yco ypee ee cpe".

Bopo aop, c oce cyae po eaaa, "eaeaoc cyeo opaaeo eeoc" (a e, 5).

C o o pe, opa pecaec pae eae cocoe oc.

Oao, o e eoapa, acoo opa eoe o eoe e coo pae coceo oc, eoe, oop ey e cpec, eo e xoe, a ecye oo o yo yae. o eo a, 50% ee Bocooo epa e coe pe ep aeypoao oc (eoap 1981, 18).

B pycco poo pe cpeaec aa cpaa paa: "B eceoc ce e a, a. a cao ee" (e, yeo 1994, 27). Opaac xyoeceoy ecy, oo oe caa, o e ce e coce a, a a cao ee. caeoe.

epeacecoe, a opo aooecoe pecaee o pe (a e oee o peaoo eoo), cyecyee o ox xyoecex ecax, cae epaoae x ap pa c pecae o pe, xapaep aeypoaoo coa. eo o eae oo aa epayp o cxapec pep.

p o, a oaa M.C.Poo, ceye e y, o ppoa cxecx aoea acoo coa, a caa cxeca coaa ee acoo paopoy cyoc, o e cea oo oca ooa ao.

ce e ec ce ocoa coaac c caae pea o oy opocy:

"pee cxap oeeoe eoee, , oa a aya aec cceoa eay oc, ee epeo o cpee "oep eoe oa p oeoe", o, o oa c yooce pae axc e o ypo ox cox ecacx aeo. Ho eceoc, pooae pe, a e o e e, ae pca a eceye . Haye eo ce o, o ocyo oa x oeax, oaae, o eoo eoea oce e yeo oc eoop aoa, o opaoo, ececeoo, oeeoo" (pe 19906, 3).

Ceye, oao,, oe, o opoc o ocaoe aoa opeco oc pecaec eooa pee ceo c o pe oepo opa. oee yoo oxo oy opocy ec oeece cxap M..yo. "o y, e o, e oe oeo cxapecoo ye, o eoe o a y oe a oeo, eaco o oo, aa o e, o p yco, payeec, o ec ocoa cxoaooecoo cceoa" (yo 1989, 187).

M paee y o cae, o pe cyae ceo ex ayoo aaa oo oop o a cxecoo ooe y opeco oc.

Ta, ocoae ocoooeco eop opoo e "eaoc oeaeco" (1892) po oocee ceeca ecoo xapaepa o a y pa caee cxecx ooe. poy x opeca paccapac ye a oepee ecx aoo.

opoo ca: "Ocyce paoepoc (paoec) ec o pao eao ayp" (opoo 1990, 18), "oe eaoo eoea o ooeoo...

aaec yoeo o oeeo eaeoc epoo" (a e, 21).

"e papaaec ce, o ooex e aec poco yao yoa, o p eo yceoc ye pecaec ey yapo aa" (a e, 23).

Coo oepee x ce oe cxap po eao ao, ceecyx o "cpao" oee opecx oce (eoap 1981, 129;

c. a e, 19-20: Heox 1991, 41-42;

Cee 1991, 105-106, 108) p o ocya opoc o aa o ocoo cxeco opaa cex opecx oce.

Ta, Mopo e Typ ca, o "e o epo" (. o: oapeo 1991, 355), a pycc cxoo..apo ca: "... ce e... cy o, ce o aoy, coceoy o pyp cxoo" (apo 1926, 116).

y, xo cxoy ocoy opeca, oo y a y ey M..yo: "Xo ce opece oc oac py o pya ecoe oeco pax ocx coc, y oca x eec oa oa ocoeoc ce o ea, peo, ooo pao cop a p. o coco ox e epayp cycca.... ea Pa... aa o "pcae" (o a.

coa tristia - pyc). Cpe ex ex caee, oo, oce, oope a ae oaa oe pe cxapa, peoaa c ea o a ...

Oepoc xyoa ecxo yco ea ec oa peax ocoeoce yeo axc e pa cycca epayp" (yo 1989, 236).

opoo, oea, o opeca oc "o ce axo oo yoo, ecoeo eaxo", yaa ae a ee "cocooc epeooa ypy copoy a ocyo opyax, e cy peceoa" (apoo, 1990, 24).

coa, o e caee a epeccoc, a apaooc.

B co oepe Mopo e Typ (Tours 1859) yepa poco ey oxoee aaa cocoe, ocoy oo pyoo xapaep cpe epeee accoa pecae, opaoe oopaee, yceoc, peocxoa opay (Apayo 1970, 39), o coceo e coo oc, oopa opec poec oeo (o opao), coo oc, xapaepyec ae opec oce (Richards 1990).

Bo e pe ae oaa, o o xyo oac pee ceo apoa eepaeo (eoap 1981, 129), cae oe "aco oaa eco epe opco, ao cxo" (a e, 339) co aooy (Post 1996), a y oo ae cpeaec aaao-epeccoe cocoe (bipolar affective psychoses a e).

Tae caa ceecy, a a , e oo o pao oa eoeoo cxeco ( o oox epooecx pacxoex), o o oo paoopa ypee opeco oc, o peye oee epepoaoo oxoa ee poe opece.

paoepoc aoo oxoa oepaec e, o cxap oop o pax aoax ypax caee.

Ta, acac ox cex opecx oce ooe, opoo ca o o, o y pa caee pa aa ec. O aae ea Moepa, epap, aaa, aco oecc A.M (opoo 1992, 16) Ca (a e, 87-90;

Apayo 1970, 45), oepa (a e;

opoo 1992, 16). Oeec ao ec ec ocoecoo (Aecapoc 1977, 180-181;

yo 1989, 183;

opoo 1892, 89-90;

Heox 1991, 42). cxap ae oop o eeco cxoa (yo 1989,181), a ae ope oxopoc oece o oo cae (a e, 181).

ocaoo ac ec ao epecc. Eo ca oacoy oy M.ecy (a e, 215-221);

ocoy cae Ayaaa Poce (a e, 167);

eepcoy oy Ae oey, ooey c coo 32 oa (a e, 139-142). oe ey cocoe oxopoc a cooc oaoeoc coce opoe o xapaepo, o e cxapo, oo (a e, 167). paa cca eaxo, opaea poae epooa "epo aeo pee", ecoeo axo co oppe "cxooeco pacpyype" oc caoo aopa (Axelrod 1993).

Ooceo oo opex yaa a aaao-epecc cxo. Ta, ae "ocpo a c eepaoa peo epecce" opee y Ba oa (yo 1989, 189-215: Aecapoc 1977, 178-179).

ocaoo aco paoax o opece cpeaec yoae o ope o. Ta, peep cae oo epa (peep 1982, 244). O e ca eeoo oa .epa oo (a e, 232-233, 235), oa a yo ca ey ao ope (yo 1989, 172-173), cepc oeae eo ay, a eoap pc eo aeo-apoa oc (eoap 1981, 128). o e e C. ea (oop, paa, e cxapo, a epaopo), eep cpaa epaceeco eaxoe (e 1992, 151). O o, o y "poepo c c oyee coeo ypeeo "", e ..poc, oepa o aao epaypx eco (poc 1992, 40).

Hopecoy cae xay Aycy Cpepy peep ca ao ope (peep 1982, 233-235). Oao eoap a o ocoa, o o " peo opace cpaa peo peceoa" (eoap 1981, 320), coe ca o aoeae apaoe (o oopo eo aeo ee yoa).

Mao yoaec o cep. Ta eoap pce eocpa oc oo eeoo poaa apa Me (a e, 58-61), yepaeo, o o o ao c epoe cox poao ayo.

poee paoc cx cpaa opeco oc peypo ocac cycc ce epea "Arco'^Art & Literature, Psychology and Communication).

ooe oeco aecoo aepaa ooe ooe cecyao cepe caee coepc cxoaaeco epaype. oe oe (epo, Coccp 1991, 131), aae (a e), Moaccae, y oopoo cae poye o acy popecc apa a cece cca (yo 1994, 31-33).

Ceye oe, o aoe yyee cxy aopa, a ep , ayeec ecepeo, e ec opeee oceeo pee, a ee co pa o opaecoo eoa epaypoee, ocoaee oopoo caec payc epaop .O.Ce-.

B "epaypx oppeax" pecx ax Ce- cpec oaa ocoeoc opeca cae epe eo opa. B eco oepe "ep ope" (1829) o a copypoa e coeo eoa: "B oac p cop epayp e, oay, oee aaeoo, oee poo ece c e oee oyeoo e, e xopoo acaa opa ex e..., aeo cocaee, opo ae ecoo oocoe, oecoa o oc opex cae, e oopx poy eo yy, ococ c , oaa eo a c cax pax copo" (Ce 1970, 47).

Paccapa opaece oca c cxooeco o pe,.Oop oea, o o "aac a oca cx a pacca o eeapx oax.

Oao opa o ce oe cee caoc cpoo, oeo ae eccepeo. opa ce oe oxo a aye aaopoa, coepaee copee c e oa, e ooyee yx oaco. Teep ae ec, ca o 1959 oy, cxooeca cxoaaeca opa ae ece opooece opa" (Oop 1982, 214).

Bee ox cxooecx cxapecx aooepoce, poxc epaypo opece, pecae opeeey pyoc, ooy o y cxooo cxapo pax o cpa p pae ocoa ooa poe oo, yee oyc pa coa, aa oopx po poope ae.

Ta, ..aa, oca cyoa (cpeee caoycy) opoo, oaae, o oa a aa Erschopfungs-psychose, .e. cxoo ype coe.

ecy e eo cpac poecy cxp o e oo yco cpe cae, o apye cxooecoo paoec eo oc (ec 1926). O copeeo, yoa o ceoc opoo (Aeo 1991, 28), ae oeae: "Beceoc op, oeoc cooc pooy yay coxpac opo acea" (a e, 27).

B eoopx cyax cxap e a ooo aoa, opaac o eaopa, o o coa. pepy, opa Maoa, Hopea Coaea (oo "Mepe y") payc Cee a "eoee, cepaee ooee "eooeca" yceoo, aoo, paccyeoo" (Cee 1991, 110). O .ae o cxapo oop, o o "cpaa cxec apye oaa oee ocpe" (Heox 1991, 42) ..

Hepeo ae a, o ooe cxe opeco oc ao e cac. Ta, ..y a ocoa ceeca A..ep oaae, o e aeca, oop oa xapaepye ya, "pcy oecoy cay oc" (Cee 1991, 108);

E..aeea ae ooc eo oaaa oc ooo caa. B o e pe ec pycc cxap B.. pepaec coce oo e o ye eo ca oc aae "y a ea cxecoo opo" (c.

yo 1989, 183).

coa, opeca oc oe peooea coe aoeae, ee oeee oe aea coaa ooe eaee opoo oc. cpe o ae poecc, poeae ye cx, oy ceecoa o paae co cpeo.

poc e ooe yy c ocaoo oeoc xyoeceo ece, oop oe ae e aoe opeeee: o ec, p oopoo axoc pao aepao ooe oepo epc pa peaoo (Beaugrande, Dressier 1972, 185).

Coaac c o oe, ce e ceae oy cyecey ooopy, acayc oa a pa ey "aepa" aooec eco. Ty paee ee oeecex cxapo: "aooec ceye ca ec, paea cxec ooy eoey oopo opaac co cxecoo aoea aoo eoea. Hae a pe aea coyc oo a cpaoe oepee oo aoa, oop ye oye c oo eco, cxooeco, oxeco, cpyeao pyx eo. coa, cec aa oa e peecye ecoy, o pooae eo, a ceca eoa e ee oa (! B. .) caocoeo oceo aoceco c" (aoc p. 1994, 51).

Ta opao, e oe epe e peeye a ocaoy aopy cxapecoo aoa. peaae aa oc cxocec, a e ec xapaep.

1.7. CXATPECA HBCTA peee cxapecoo eoa aaa oc oe a eoa cec peya Ta, P.oco, yy co, cea oeo coeo aaa opeco yoaeoc a eeoo oa epa, oop peo opace cpaa opee. cceoae ycao, o cx, acae oce aaa oe, cyeceo oac o peecyeo opeca oo oa eo o y.

oco ca: "B eo oo oe aa cee acaoe poee ypaa cocooc o aoeco pe, xapaepe pa o ypa ooe ceoee "epo", acoc paaecx pee (oaaee 1 2 a B. .). yee, pooae oco, o a epa peoocpoa oa oo aao oceoae cec paca o cxoaooeco pe o o ae cpaee ca, acoc, eoxo cecopoeo oa a po cpyea ao oya oo oa" (Jackobson, Pomorska 1980, 132).

Te ca, cxapec aa oc aopa oe ca cpyeo, oop ooe a pecaee e oo o ocoeocx cxecoo caa yx ocoax eo opeca, o o ox ocoeocx eo poee.

Cyece ocope cecx cax o apae oy cy pao o cxapeco ce. B x poc oo ceec oo, a eec pe o e oo oo aoea cxeco cep.

Ta, acoc, oeaec, o p apaoe eoe ae coye acce ocpy pae cox pecae yc;

aco oop o cee ( aco e o ocpy I alone, only me, just me, I work on alone, I did it myself, were it not for me);

eo cacca xapaepo eoopoe apyee coc (freestanding sentences).

p ec oec ceoc c, oc pe, coa c yeeo acae cyca. B coco epecc eoe oe ooc oaac o oope (y-), a p aaaoc eo pe oe pcy a aae coec ooc, o oe ocpypoa peoe ocpoe, poo oop e. Pe cepoa oe a, a opea acpaa ceoaya (c. cepeoe cceoae o poe, aoc p. 1994). B cceoax a cepoo (hysterical language) ocooe ae yeec exaa epeoca.

Oeeco ae oecex (cacec ax) pa ey eca, aca opo yeoo (Zipf 1949).

B oceee pe aya o ce cxoc ca aa pe c oe Axeepa. cceoa, oao, oaa, o ocoa poea x ox caa e c cec ocoeoc pe (o pooc . oyc, oa pex, x acpax co), a apyex oo oco a (MacDonald et at 1998, 66).

ooe ae (pee ceo cepeaoo aa) oy ca peeo ocoo c aocxoc (eoe A.A. 1997, 229-242).

ocee aeo paoo oac c eex coco coa (a paee aocxoc) cceoa .. Caa. O oaa, o p cpeax ex ycox, p ec cxecx peapao, ..

ee , ce a a oeo Taa ape Xoo ooc oy y peeo eeoc oop o ea oc o pe, e e yoy o paoo. coae, peya paooecoo aaa e cea oy ooao oepe a cxooecx cceoa o pe paoc ecoacoaoc eoopx ooe paoo (Super 1992).

oaec pec cooece peya paooecoo aaa c cxooec. Coepeo oeo, o oep a poee peeo eeoc eoea ae ac o aeya oc.

apaooc (a cooc opaoa cepxex e) poec peoaa co c pocx y (capitalisation), aco cooa pacx cpo.

eooc (a xapaepca oyo oc, oopo oe xapaepo cyee epeco) poec eo oepe, aax pea c c ao. cepooc (eae opa a ce ae) o pee ceo ay, eaoc ( o ce oc), ope y, oce .

epeccoc (ceoc acpoe) cee cpo oy, ca a, ae ecpo epa aeoe paccoe ey ya, coa o.

Maaaoc (oeoe acpoee) pye y oee oy cpo. Maaao-epecce paccpoca acpoe oce a ce.

oeo, poep oox oe y oee cepee ca, e ypcoe, oe ae ccepaoe pao ox cyeo Mococoo ocyapceoo cecoo yepcea, o ae oop o o, o oppe o o.

oyc oooc cxapecoo oxoa ecy, ceye coacc c coopae.O.Boypa o oooc peocpy oc aopa xyoeceoo eca c oo ooecoo aaa.

Paccapa oe a cae oe eo o "a epaypx poee" "a poee", cceoae oaa, o oo "oe peo c e pacp cxoo cae, eo "ype p", eo "yy". Taa oooc ocoaec a o, o e oop y e oo epeae... o oe coepae, o oaae, a o ca epeae cooaeoe" (Boyp 1991, 44).

oo caa cye, o ooec aa oe peoaa opaee oy, o co a coo.

"... ace a pe, ca Boyp ee 1946 oy, ... o epe, ao o oac ae,... oy a cceoae oooc poy yeoe cocoe cae, yaa eo acpoee, oycoa, c ea paoc o oop coe coo, c coyce epae o paccaae o cox cox epoe ..;

pe ce o oe axoc o o cooec c p cco eca" (a e, 46).

Hae pax o ocpoe eca, o e Boypa, "e oe e aepecoa oo, o xoe ye e cae opaee eo ypeeo pa, a a pae ocpoe... oy oaac ca c pa cxoo" (a e, 47).

peaa co oo xyoecex eco o ooao-ccoo oae, paceae ee a peaa oo ooe.

ABA BTOPA 2.1. TOOEC OXO TEPATPHOM TECT B aye eec eao oe, oocoax ooec oxo xyoeceoy ecy. x cy oocc pee ceo apo oxo (c. pao M.M.axa, .Toa-ecoo,.0.Boypa, B.B.Bopaoa . p.).

cxooae apooo oxoa ec eee caee a cooec c e pooyee, oopoe paaec x poeex. Taoo poa ooa cpeaec paoax ox caee, epaypx po, ocoo cxooo.

B acoc, .H.Oco-yoc, paoa pyce cxooecoo apae pycco epaypoee, oaa, o cyecy a a opeca:

oe (oop o aa ae aae eoepec) cye (cepea, oepec) (Oco-y-oc 1989, T.2).

"Oe aa aoe opeco, ca o, oopoe peyeceo (...) apaeo a ocpoeee o, ayp, xapaepo, yo .., oee eee yx ae poooox oc xyoa. Coaa ae opa, xyo opaec e o ce".

"Cye aa aoe opeco, pooae o, oopoe peyeceo (...) apaeo a ocpoeee o, ayp, xapaepo, yo .., oee eee x, pocex ae oecex oc caoo xyoa.

Coaa ae opa, xyo opac o ce" (a e, 1, 435) ea paee cyeoo opeca Oco-yoc ca .H.Tocoo, a .C.Typeea o eax pecaee opeca oeoo (a e) peaa paeee caee o y a opeca, o, o coceoy pa, "aa "y aopaop" xyoeceo c, ee cxoo, o cao paoy xyoa c eo aypo ooe, c yao eo ya acoc" (a e).

peoeoe eee, a cpaeo oaae H.B.Ocao, Oco-yoc poo "e o xapaepa opae peao eceoc poeex, a a oe ce cxooecoo "exaa", oop o eo e, aoe cao aype cae. O poo papaee caee e o x xyoeceoy eoy, a o xapaepy coo x opeca, cao cxoo poecca opeca, eaco o oo, aoy apae pae cae" (Ocao 1981, 59).

Oeeca oe epa, oop p paccope xyoeceoo eoa e ay ceeay o. o eo e, ec xyo cpec aoee oo epeae eceoc, o eo o oo aa "ao" o pyoo poa ae eocpeceoe opaee eaa ep aa ee "ceeaeco". Ec a o ocpoo pee, "ceeaec" epeae coe eaee o oo peea.

"Bce o, ca o, pae o a, o ceea acoc o oo, ey coec oxa, oopy o pacea, o oo, a a ce x pae a pexoe coco x y cyae ocoeca" (ep 1957, T.6, 404).

p o, a oea cceoae eo ceeco oe, "pe e e o pooocae aoo ooo cycca (...), e o pa o apa, a oo oo, a (eocpeceo oocpeoao) ooac xyoeceo poee poopeece e xyoa" (. o: cea 1989, 401).

B, oee epo ooe o eco, pa oe payc ce Pe e ypo. "Ec a a ce, ca o. O oea y o acca e: ya o. Byae coa ocoae o yeoo ope oee eee cooo opaa;

o ye coa oo yco, oyeoe yeo ye" (Gourmond 1902, 33).

cae "cxoaa epaypa" opeee a a xyoo cxooec oap. cxooec , o eo oee, ocoaec a coaeo opae epe co o. Boap xyoa opaae o oeoo eccoaeoo, apxea, e e yceoo coaeoo oa, xo ocyeceoo ocpeco yaoo e. pecaee o opece oapoo xyoa oy a, o e a, ae poee, a "oecea oe" ae, opa ac "ayca" ee, oep Baepa. "Boape" poee a e opc xyoo, a "poxo a , a aa": pya eo "a axaea, eo epo e e, oope eo yx oapyae c yee... O coae, o co o co poeee, o ee epe po c , coo opa epcoa, oaa cepy ao-o yo o" (. o: cop 1986, T. 5, 50).

B paoax "cxoo cycca" (1923) "oa" (1923) P.Mep-peec cxo, c oo copo, peccoo pecae o xyoeceo poee a e, poceo coe, c pyo copo, peooe o cooec cxecoo a cae eo epaypoo c.

Bce a o py cceoae Mep-peec yaa a cyecoae yx o xyoo coa "oa ooaeo" "oa pae".

ooaeo ( oeoo) a cae aepao opeca cya epea, p oopx yce co oxo a opo a. ae ec ee poeee, a e eo aop (ao, o e cceoae, ecp, ep, aa, o, Moacca). o pae (cye), o e cceoae, "aco poa cyeo" oa e coae coo xyoeceoo poee.

A.peo pae ce poa a e oe aeop op ap.

Oea, o aeop aoca, op poaa o ooc ae, e "peoaae ype p eoea aop pooco caoy cee a oeo cpyype", a ap poaa ae, e "peoaae coaoe e aop axoc ocoo oe c coao eceoc, oopy o cpec e" (peo 1983, 373). ap eca A.peo cae poee a, P.My, oca, op aaa, aoca, T.Maa, .Bepa (a e, 374-375).

o cc ep "op" "ap" ec aae ec ac cceoae e cae .o Coaco eo acca, ape poee o ec accoo yyp, coae o oo aoa e Ope pao peoaa acy aecoo oca (Eco 1979).

p ce paoopa peaaex epo, y ocax e oo ec oa oa epa. eo o, o x coae cxo a yx o opecx oce.

peoaaec, o epe coco oe oc peoa oea.

opx peoaae cyeoc eae o cee oe (pe, copee cx, e peaoc).

IC.ir oop o o "a e cxoo" a o yx ax oc cpaeppoao poeppoao.

"cpaeppoaa ycaoa oaec oopoc cyea epe peoa oea" (a e). " poeppoao ycao xapaepo yepee cyea c eo ocoa aepe e pooec pa oea" (. 1991, 275).

Bo cex epeex oox oo e eo a acca:

cpaepc poepc Oco yoc oe cye aae cepea eoepec oepec ep a ceeaec ypo ya o oap cxooec peo op ap Mep peec ooa paa oe cye peaaea a oo e opaaec epee pep. M oaae, o c epaypa o o cee poeppoaa, ao epaypo ece ec eppea, "ooa" eceoc o pecae aopa. Bopoc aaec cee xapaepe aoo poa "cae". y oo o ae o ooecoy y, oapya e ocoa acca.

oa aop "o" Mep-peec pae caee a cyex oex, o ca, o pae pooc o a ceo . Bece c e, o e pye pep ee caee o a. Ta, o oop o o, o o eepaey cae ec a cao ao' o pep "eeoc" o paa caee apox, yex, ax, peepyx.

py ocoae acca paoax oo cceoae coa a.

o coaoy ocoa o e "apeccoo" oa, paaeo eac, e oy ope cap (Pae, Moep, pac. ce, oy);

"caecoo" oa, caeo ca eoey ppoe yco cocpaa (ec, ocoec, aya): "epaocoo" oa c ocoa caoyepee (peepeec o ap, o apoo poo-o);

"epeccoo" oa c coae poo cop (.aopa, H.eay, apo, ee).

Aapy xyoo o xapaepy x cx, o oea ae o oo oaeoo oeoo caoyc. ca o o o, o cae paac o xapaepy peoaa yc pex, cyxox, ooex.

A.Mope paoe "cxoo ce" (Morier 1959) po oo epaypx ce a ocoe cxooecoo papae o xapaepo, oope cac c oc cae A.Mope ee oce o xapaepo o x oeeoeec coca: 1. cae, 2. ece (eae), 3. ypaoeee, 4. ooee, 5.

ce, 6. ceae, 7. yoee, 8. yepe (eooee).

Ta, pac oece cceoaee pye ypaoeex xapaepo ("aec c"), Cea, op Ca aa pyy yepx xapaepo, oa a oep oaae pyy ypaoeex xapaepo ("aaeec c") oopeeo pyy ooex xapaepo ("peacec poaec c").

Byp aoo a Mope paccapa ecoo paooce ce acoc o cxooeco epea a xapaepa c yeo ocoeoce epaypx poee. x oc cae. pepy, "ypaoeee . T. oc aco ecee co o 1982 caa coopaee o o o ee oaec o poee cxooeco po e o e oee oeco epcoae oeco ec a cpay eca.

xapaep" coa "eoepec, aaec, oe", "aec", "aaeec", "ep", "acec", "peaceco-oec" c c "ecoo aypaa" (c. coy oey eo oo oce 1994, 263-274).

peca co oo, Mep-peec oepae occe aao, yepae, o eo e "acc" oooo, a oo "cpeco a-y yopo oyc e oo, e pya eo o epea eox opeee" (Mep-peec 1923, 82).

Ee payce coc XIX ea yepa, o eoop p eoea o a pee opae cycce. "Ho oa oa c ce e oa epaypy cycco, oea coe pe Pe e ypo, c oe eaeca o eoc apopa. o p eoc pa. o ooe eoey, o ooe cey cyey p ce, o e oeo , cyecye oo o e, ao eo cee pecae... Cyoc ee eocya a. Bo e, oopo oeayp pa poy oypoc p oo poco co opypo. "Mp ec oe pecaee" (cop 1986, T.4, 116).

B ayo ece eoao ocoo c pee, ee poecc eeo pa, oope oy ocaoo oeo oca e oo aopo aoo eca. B xyoeceo e ece aa oea coa ocoa oe coca ac ee op e eay ce. oo xyoeceoo eca eo opaa ccea e e ee oop peaoc.

O cyeoc ex po, o oex apax pa acao eao pao (aaep 1990;

ya 1986;

yp 1975. Coooa 1980;

E..Apeea, .A.oceo, epeo 1997). He paccapa eec oe, oe, o o oe pa oo oaec "cya a o opyae cyea cpee eo ece e" (Moe 1997, 69).

B ooe xyoeceoo eca pe oa e coo o cye a, coo o opaax coa, epaoax ece. p o ao ya, o caa eceoc acoo paoopaa, o oca ee, ae o o e aop ecoo pa oe e c, e coe ooee pa ee copoa. coa, paoopae epayp opaae paoopae . poe oo, e e e oo, o aop eec: pocee, capee. Meec eo ec, opaa cee eo peoc, oo o, a. M e oop ye o o, o ca yco cyecoa oy aeo ec a poe ooo eoea.

ce e, p aae xyoeceoo eca e e e, o eec eoop cceoopay aop poee, eec opeeea cepeooc opae eceoc-111 yaa apa pa ec e eppy aopo, oop cae oeo ce oye ocp oc.

"Cocooc xyoeceoo opeca ee ocoe e ao-o cxec oe, ca .H.ae, a ay-o eocy ocy ocoeoc.

eceoc oecye a oc ae e opeeey ocy pea opeeey ycaoy, oopa oc ocoy oceye eeoc eoea" (ae 1940, 484).

o oy p aae xyoeceoo eca ceye ec eoopoe eaooaee, eoopoe eoe oe, a eo, cxooecoe oe oa, c oo oopo yoo aapoa eo ceecoe oee. oo, o oe a opoc o o, aoa oaa eca o oaoc, coae caccy, opac paoy paccope oo o cxoo.

2.2. OMHAHTA B CXOO Coo oaa pocxo o acoo dommare ococoa. B cxoo oaa ooaae peeo ococyy peeopy ccey, oopa oycoae paoy epx epo opaa a oe pee e ca pae oee opeeey apaeoc.

Ca ep pecaee o oae a oe pe pao epx epo ee 1923 oy oeece cxoooo A.A.xoc, pa c H.E Beecoo .M.Ceeoa o ooeco cceo xapaepe epo-cxecx ao.

Coaco xocoy, aoe ee opaa opeeec xapaepo aoooe opox oopox epo, aya opeoc opaa, a ae cope ceo opaa a eoco ooeco cce.

"Opa cc a ea ea, peapya eo, a epaoe eoe, ca xoc cae "oaa a aop oee". o ye e apea oee eee cyao caxc ay peeopx y, a o ea, cocoa a eye papae ecoa eo" (xoc 1966. 82). p o o paccapac ye a opa "peypeeoo ocp, peye poepoa cpe".

xoc oaa, o oaa pecae coo e poco oa oye, a ec opay po oee. "Bc pa, oa eec ao coooec oa, eec peopeee e eop oee" (a e, 300).

Bao ae aeo cceoa ec c xocoo o o, o oaa opeee e oo oeee opaa, o xapaep ocp pa. O oa, o eo e, ac "o oop, o oop pcyc a p " (a e, 90) p o oaa, a xapaep ocp pa, co oepe ee ee opa e peyeceo aoe oaaeoe coepae, oopoe cococoao ee opee. "eoeeca yaoc... coa aa eca oac py: o coey oee co oaa cpo cee acpay eop, o opaa ope e co e oa coe oeee" (a e).

coa, oeee, xo ce eoea (eo coopae, yee, oo) oaac acoc o eoopoo epaoo coco ceo eo cyeca.

Boecy a opaoe oaaeoe coepae cxeco , opa eppy eo, opee eac o peec oeeec a, oaa "aae" (poec 1990, 43) o coepa e ooe, oope cococy ypee yepeoc cyea ee peyecax epe py oaa.

ocoy peea eeoc eoea oo poe eo cyoc, oo oop o oae peeoo oee, oae ecoo eeoc. Ho ec, p aae oee eoea pe oe o oae ooecoo cxooecoo ( o ce oeeecoo) xapaepa, o p aae xyoeceoo eca ceye e y o ee aceo, a eo ooao-ccoo xapaep oa.

2.3. OMPECC XOECTBEHHOO TECTA O opeee eoc eca ec aoe ec ec e, ec eo oo copa e yepa coepa o oea ooo caa. ooy oop o oae eca oo oa, oa ec oooc peca cc eca opeccpoao e, ca ec o eoopoo eooo caa.

Cyecye a aepao poooox a a poey opecc eca. B cooec c o x, opecc epaoepa eoyca, c py paoepa eoxoa.

Ta. eoopx paoax o cee yepaec, o, " oe o ayoo, xyoeceo poee aa paa ec a eceo ooo, e eo e e e yepa paeoc cca poee" (ope 1969, 313). Te ca peoaaec eoooc opecc. B eoe oye ocpa a, o ce pyccoy a ocpaoy, ae eoopao caaac c o eeaeoc aaa opax poee xyoeceo epayp.

oo ooo oe pe e pepaec .H.Toco. Bo a paye o .C.Boc: " Tocoo coe poeee ec oea opaa aoo. Oo coe ope cea pao cao cee. " caa, o caa" o ece oe xyoa a opoc o o, o o xoe caa co poeee. poep ce o e oe ae, a o oop e e ca coa ec co poa" (Boc 1987, 41).

Bece c e, cyecye acoea eoxooc ax apax, a aoa, peaa, yee aapoae ec ee yax ocpae . B acoc, oac peoaa pyccoo a a ocpaoo papaoa ocaoo poye eo, cae c "exooe" opecc (c. ypaea, oea 1984, 15-19;

eepa 1981), ac oopx peaye eo opaoo-eeoo aaa eca T.M.pe (pe 1980).

poea opecc oe peac ye oca oopxc ece cpyyp. Cooecee coepa eca eo cacca ooe peca ec e eoopo cxe ec epcoae, peceyx opeeee e, e ca, ocpo eo oe.

eo a ye e B..po, peca ce cao a ocaoo poce ae cxe (po 1928), cooece oop poc peae oeeece pya ax peo (po 1986).

a oea H.., oeo oe cc oo eca oo cea cec ooy caa ( 1982). Cooc ooe xyoeceoo eca coco, oao, o, o p pecae eo e eoao eo o pepaaec ooe ycecoo eca. coa, p aaa opecc eca oe pocxo ypaa a aopa a eceoc -a oo, o eooo pao epea ooep ooa cc xyoeceoo eca.

ocoy eoxooc copaeoo pecae coepa xyoeceoo eca ceo e oe coe (c. Bce 1996), opoc aaec o, a o cea c ae oep cca eca, ceecoo oec.

B aece cpa paae ooe pee a pax oca coepa ooo oo e ecoo poee.

ep pep. "pae eoc, ooe co ecce oo ,... (epo poaa - B..) peaec a pecyee, a yco opaeo capyx poe, eae p cx cpaa".

Taa aoa ooe opee aae eca co copoeo epooc, ocoy ec ee coa (pecyee, yco, capyxa-poea), ec pea (ooe} ec aa (peaec).

Booe, oao, o epeca coepa oo e caoo eca: "Mooo eoe..., y pae eoc, o eoc, o aoc ox, oac eoop cpa, "eooe" e,... pec,... y oy capyxy, ay e a poe... Heoae opoc ca epe . o oae e, o pye ca a ce oec...".

ep apa coepa o epeaa, ycoo oop, a ypoe ae. Ec e eoe, o eoe y capyxy. p o pa (opo pea) c aopy aoa o, o o eoe ee.

Bopo apa epecaa coepa eca oe a y aeo "pecyee aaae" eoope opae, ocoy pecae coo epeay coepa a ypoe ocx cco. o o epc Pacoo y capyxy ooy, o oac "eooe" e. Hapaaec o (opo pea): "cpae" eop oac, a o, o oaec , oe aaa.

oo, o poc cya, ceye caa, o ep apa yea o cop epayp (cop 1974, 359), a opo pae ocoecoy (.

o: Mxaoa 1982, 14). pe epeca coepa aopo ec e e , a opypoo aca, eaeo ocoe oe poee.

oeo, cax pax pecae cca eca cao e e ca pax eppea oe oo. pooa aao eeoo aopaaa.ay, oaaeo, o cyecye coo o, coo o, oo caa, o y xyoeceoo eca cyecye coo e eppea. coo aee.

Bopoc, oao, aaec o, acoo aeao ye a a eppea aopcoy ccy eca, ae oop, a peocpypoa c cc eca.

2.4. MOOHAHO-CMCOBA OMHAHTA XOECTBEHHOO TECTA.

Coae cxoo oea, o , a pao, epeo eppepy oeee pyx epax coe cce oopa.

"Capa c, o acco oeaeae a cee peaoc, aoa oa ec, coepeo e cooecye eceoc, ca o c A.A.xoc. Ha oa, ae oeee co ey a c eceoc... M oe ocpa o ex, ey oy oooe a oa, o ec ae oeee" (xoc 1973. 253).

oo ooe ceye pa aeo cceoa o:

xyoece ec pecae coo ocy eppea eceoc.

cae ocae e pae eceoc, c oop o ao;

paae ae coopae, oope ey o;

coye oe ee eaop, oope aoe eo oc cco. , aea epe, cae ceyee ooee: apa pa, oopaea xyoeceo ece, ec cpyypae epaae ap pa aopa a oc, oaae aeypoa xapaepca.

B aece cpa oo pec ceyee aee cxooa a xyoeceo epaypo: "B poeex, coax aopa-ya, epcoa y a paa ae, e epcoa-e, cya a epo". poe oo, "aop-e aeo ae ae epcoae-y opae oc aeca oeee, e epcoae-e" (Ceeo 1985, 144).

Cooecye pa ec ocp epayp ya, oo opae e oopo ae ec eoo epec, ea, oope oo a yooc (yeo 1997, 82).

Ta opao, epcoa xyoeceoo eca peca coo opeeex , ax o o ooe "eoo pocpaca" aopa (Rapoport et al.

1946). B coe opece cae e oe e opac a cocee epea (Bine 1895) coaeo eccoaeo opaae cocee opeoc yca ocax oc xapaepo yax epoe (Murray 1938). coa, cae aee ecyx eo ece ooex epcoae e aeca, coepae oopx ey o oo, a apaeoc eeoc oopx cooecye eo pecae o pao (ope) oo (eae).

Ocoy po coa xyoeceoo eca pae aopc c a ycoa ooc opao cce cpec paeoc, xapaepya coeopae opeca cae Coepeo oeo, o opec c cae ae ec poee cxooecx (ox ooax) peoe cae a oc , oeo oe, poee oa aopa "O oop, o oop pcyec a p , peao cee opeec e, ao a oa ao ca" (xoc 1966, 90).

Ec ca oca e pao o cee epaypoee, e yoaec oe "oaa", o a poc , aa c Xpcacea, oop, o coa C Bocoo (Boc 1987, 152), e o ep epaypoeee, e oca copoe pyo B.B.Bopaoa, P ocoa (oco 1976), ea, B.Cooea, xeaya, H.Toa, A yocoo, MM axa, oe, Myapocoo, Ape eoo, M.Paepa (Xoaca 1988, 154) ox pyx.

M oae cee oe, o coyee a ep "ooao-ccoa oaa" "oe pa" e ayo epaype eao coo x o aopca apa pa, aopcoe ee pa, coeopae xyoeceoo e pa, ccea eoce cae, opec c cae ( A ap), ooa o oecoa (oe 1997), ooaoe coepae (.B.epa), xyoecea eoo (.Aec) p. ooy opac yoae o o, o oaa oe eea o eco ocoa, o ce o eooecoy, opao ooooy, apooy, ooy (Bapea 1995).

x e coopae ocae copoe poey "opaa aopa", oca ae pya B.B Bopaoa paoa, oc oop xapaep (Pa, Coee 1994) M ae e ye ocya poey coooe oa eepa ( A Hoo) B ae cceoa ocooe ae ye yeeo o oae, oopa oycoea cpyypo oc aopa ec, o aey yee, epoocoo epaypoo eca.

p o oaae, o ceoe, opaoe, epaoe paepae aca ocyecec cooec c o cxooeco oao, peayec ooao ccoo oae eca. o ooao-ccoo oao a oaec ccea ox ox aoo xapaepx opeeeoo a oc cyax cxeco ocoo eaopa epaa ap pa ece. aaoe oe ooao ccoa oaa cao c po pyx ayx o, exc cceoax, oope apaa poey eca.

Ta, P aep, o oe "ecoa oaoc" (aep 1981, 113 123), oce, o oa "ec oa. oa ae coco coca cee pecaee o ao o eaeco oe, .e. o pye eo, cpae, ocaex oopoo, ocex xapaepc, oeex oo oao (eeo a - B ) papocax o cey ecy o eo aoeo ac" (a e, 118) B aece pepa aoo eaecoo o o po e o "Bopo" . o (dreary pa, bleakxyp, sad ea, uncertain ec, fantastic aacec, ominous oe, unmerciful eaoc, melancholy y, evil opo, desolate e), coae ao cepy, oopo o opyae a o coepaeo ayao opa cy ep, oee opoa, opaee ooy oc, ocoa, e . . (c a e).

"aaa ca ecooa, ca o c aep, oaa, cceapoa oo "oooc", a o a, o o oe a x paepyo oecoa, poaapoa ceco acee oo Cyeo oeoa oaoc, oaa o, e poec oopaoo yopee aoo o cpeca. e, cpae, opeee, ea pypyc, opay aoe oe, oopoy poao ae ae, o, oopo epe eca ea opea coe ae"(a e, 119).

Opa ae a o, o coyee aopo e oece ceo poee popea coecoe aee. Ec ooe epaoo o cce eca p eo ceco aae oo oop o yoao-peeo co (e 1982), o ooe xyoeceoo eca paoepo oop o cxooecx coax p o ee ceaecx oe eca, opee ccey eo opaoc, opaa eo oy oe ace, apy ac o ooao-ccoo oa eca.

He oea a ocaoo co opoc o eax aaa eca, oe, o ec ce ocoa cooa oe coa, oop , ce a B.B.Bopao, cae "pocee cceco ee" (Bopao 1980, 244) "peeo cpyypo ee epaypoo poee" (a e. 94).

Bopao oea, o "ocoe poe ye coa o poe ae" (a e, 248) poea c coo ey coo (a e, 246). O ae oea, o "ppoa coa opaa" (a e, 248) eo "ceaecoe o pcoaec eeo" (a e), ocoy co oec "yypo-copec oceooec opa" (a e), cyoc oopo caa c coeopao "yo", cpecc apya apaeoc yceoo oa" (a e, 47) xyoeceo pe.

Beee o coa, oee, eee coo eca, ooe, o e Bopaoa, oe ec aopa. Oao e co ece e poco: " ee e ec aoc;

x eoxoo oca ye aaa xyoeceoo poee" (a e, 244). p o co "oy coaa co coa, paa, peoe,... c oeca cacecx py".

ece o oec "oecy apy" (a e), a e cpaac "poeo" (a e). O coee "aoap cyao oa accoa" (a e, 246). Ta, coo, o Bopaoy, oe opa:

Ho pyoy oaa yy e ey epa (a e, 245) oee pae a: "ec eepyp axe xea" (a e, 246).

Beee coa pocxo aoap oy, o ey cpea cyecy "ooao-ccoe epexo" (a e). co ca o "ooao-ccoe y" (a e, 249).

Apxe a peypo ocpooe ocoe op opaoo coa oc peeo ooe xapaep (py 1998, 60-61). ae e co o peyecy yo-pyoe opaa ep yo cxoo aeypoaoo xapaepa.

Ocoeoc x, oao, o, o opae o coa cex e.

B ae cceoa aeo cee opac a coopae.

oop o ooao-ccoo oae, , coae, ye oca copoe opoc o coceo ceaeco cooa o. O oe pee o ye oca oo, a coa popea coe aee peao cyaoo aoec e (Bamberg 1997), o ye epeoa co, ooaax o, a "ecece ceaec ea" (Wierzbicka 1995 p.).

peaae a oxo oa cea o, oope ec xyoeceo epaype, ocoa a pooe oec, coaae xyoece eco. "o o ac, o pee ceo cocpeoo ae a eo" ca A.To (1991). o o cc o, a oopx ocoa e e ec epaypx epcoae, ao o cyoc oa.

Oo aa eeoc oc aeo cee y xapaep. Ha e oxo ae oa pyx cyex po, eax ocoe epayp poee a cxocec aa pax eco xyoecex ycecx oaae, o ecax cpeac oopec ce, oe e , caoe aoe, p o oe ec oaac cxo o co ce ocoeoc.

peee eoa opooecoo aaa B..poa (po, 1928) xyoeceoy ecy ooo ocpo oe eco, eoope x acc, a oopx coae co, oe opeee p eaoo. oepe ee pa, o aa ooa eco caa ooo e oo aoap e peoaax x ooao-ccox oa, o oa x cxoaooeco ppo.

cxocec aa eo oaa, o aoy y eca cooecye opeee eaec aop oeo oca (e) opeeee cee ocpoe. B paax aoo a eca oo e ceaec ooo opae cco peao, oop xapaepyc pae oe aepaoo, coaoo, eaoo ooaoo pa eoea. B co oepe, peaa cooecy aop ececx eeo, oope cpeac aoee aco ecax ooo a, a ecax pyx o, xo pye ceaece pocpaca, e e cc.

Opeeee oop aac ceaecx oeecx cpyypax eeo ooacecoo pocpaca eoopx o eco ( coa, ec aooepoc cooa e cocex). Pa oaac e oo cacece ccece ocoeoc cpoe o eco, o x p.

Te ca, a eca ( eex a) oaae coe cpyypo, ceaeco oo cceoc.

p coa cca o eco, ceoa coey .B.ep ooceo oo, o oo eco oa a yoy, aecoy ee eco a .

Bo c yeco ae pec ceyee caae epa apaa: "Ec ca, o aya o e oa peca co o pacopee oeca ooo oee pooo pee, oa ceye ec oe aoe oe "ocya exoo".

o e a, o a exoo e eop xye ocyo, o a, o oa aya eop, coaaea ye, oa a oea, o e ceac e eope o yceo ooac o eope ee oa" ( o: Parret 1974, 136).

Ha ee eco, oope oy ceye aa: "ce", "a", "e", "ea", "ece", "pac", "co".

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