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Bopoe 1999 2 a e e o ec e yaa (ac 2) pe a ae c ye o 3-5 ypco c op ecoo ay e a, o o xc cae ae a ypo First Certificate in English. Coepa oopy ec o paea Paper 3 Use of English.

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3 TEST 1 For questions 1-15, read the following text and decide which word A, B, C or D best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

FAT MAN, THIN MAN Most of us have at some time or (0) C seen a film with the two comedians, Laurel and Hardy. They (1) their first appearance in the (2) days of the cinema but not as the world-famous (3) act they were eventually to become. Historians of the cinema (4) to an accident that (5) them not only to appear in the same film but made them see in a sudden (6) that they (7) together like lock and key. They continued into the age of the talkies, happily not (8) by the arrival of sound, as (9) to so many actors and actresses whose voices (10) unsuitable. Both (11) as funny as they looked since Laurel, the ideas man, was also responsible (12) most of their dialogue. One of their most (13) films is The Music Box. Even today it still makes people (14) with laughter, and quite rightly won an Oscar (15) their only one.

0 A once B ago C other D else 1 A performed B gave C showed D made 2 A still B silent C quiet D dumb 3 A pair B team C double D two 4 A indicate B refer C show D mention 5 A caused B made C provided D meant 6 A blink B spark C lightning D flash 7 A fitted B matched C attached D suited 8 A suffered B minded C regretted D troubled 9 A arrived B happened C affected D became 10 A proved B showed C found D turned 11 A voiced B heard C sounded D spoke 12 A of B for C with D to 13 A common B normal C usual D popular 14 A descend B collapse C sink D fall 15 A finally B uneasily C strangely D unusually For questions 16-30, read the following text and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

CHILDREN LOVE COMPUTERS Children love computers. Parents often find their children dont (0)need computer books because they feel (16) home with computers naturally. Some parents say their children have been playing (17) computers since (18) they could even walk or talk.

(19) this they mean the children were banging (20) the keyboard, as they do later if (21) is a piano in the home. But (22) one parent pointed out, (23) was an old keyboard he gave his one-year-old son. As children grow older the (24) they enjoy watching the letters appear (25) the screen. One parent recalls how her daughter would become very excited (26) seeing her name appear. And more (27) anything her young son still enjoys typing his own name.

Of course if you share a computer (28) younger children all parents recommend a secret password to (29) your own material (30) accidentally wiped.

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use the word given and other words to complete each sentence. You must use between two and five words. Do not change the word given. There is an example at the beginning (0).

0 My sister is not old enough to ride a bicycle.

too My sister is too young to ride a bicycle.

31 I wouldnt go sailing in this weather.

better You go sailing in this weather.

32 John came to Paris a long time ago.

living John Paris for many years now.

33 Mary very seldom travels alone.

used Mary alone.

34 Im sorry you and Sarah had a quarrel.

fallen Im sorry Sarah.

35 Im sure he was living in Paris two years ago.

must He in Paris two years ago.

36 A New York gallery has borrowed some of our paintings.

loan Some of our paintings New York gallery.

37 People at the back couldnt hear the speaker.

make The speaker couldnt the people at the back.

38 The sky soon filled with clouds.

long It sky filled with clouds.

39 The present will be right for Betty, wont it?

suits The present it?

40 I like your pullover.

that I like yours.

For questions 41-55, read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct put a tick (') by the number. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word beside it. There are two examples at the WE NEED A CLUB _that_ 0 Im writing to your paper because that several of ' _ 00 us would like to start a club where people like _ 41 ourselves can meet the English people and exchange ideas and _ 42 improve our English. It isnt as easy to find a such _ 43 club here as is in bigger towns. It isnt that there _ 44 is anything wrong with the people in the families which _ 45 we are living in or for the English people where we work.

_ 46 Its just that we would like to meet more people _ 47 than we do as at present. Of course one of the problems _ 48 for those who are not with a family but in a _ 49 job is that too only often the people they are _ 50 working with are, like themselves, not English. They are very _ 51 nice people naturally but they arent much of help to those of _ 52 us who want to improve our English language. If you put _ 53 this letter in your paper we will all be so grateful to _ 54 you. If any of your readers would then want to make themselves _ 55 a contact with us we would be very happy indeed.

For questions 56-65, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).

MAKING A COMPLAINT Getting a (0)satisfactory outcome from making a complaint can sometimes be easy - but this is not (56) so. Most traders do show (57) and try to resolve complaints in an (58) way, but it can sometimes be difficult if the item or service was (59) for example car repairs, home (60) or household (61). Do not immediately give up if the trader is (62). A valid complaint gives you a right to a solution even if a trader is being (63). In some cases you can only reach a (64) by going to court but often merely (65) to do this is enough to get things sorted out.

(0) SATISFY (58) EFFECT (61) APPLY (64) SETTLE (56) NECESSARY (59) EXPENSE (62) HELP (65) THREAT (57) FAIR (60) IMPROVE (63) OBSTRUCT ANSWERS TO TEST 1 D 6 D 11C 2 B 7 A 12 B 3 C 8 D 13 D 4 B 9 B 14 B 5 A 10 A 15 C 16 at 34 youve/you have 50 ' 17 with fallen out with 51 of 18 before 35 must have been living 52 language 19 By 36 are on loan to a 53 ' 20 on 37 make himself heard 54 themselves 21 there by 55 a 22 as 38 was not/wasnt long 56 necessarily 23 it before the 57 fairness 24 more 39 suits Betty, doesnt 58 effective 25 on 40 that pullover of 59 expensive 26 at/about/on 41 the 60 improvements 27 than 42 such 61 appliances 28 with 43 is 62 unhelpful 29 stop/prevent 44 ' 63 obstructive 30 being 45 for 64 settlement 31 d/had better not 46 ' 65 threatening 32 s/has been living in 47 as 33 isnt used to 48 ' travelling 49 only TEST For questions 1-15, read the following text and decide which word A, B, C or D best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

STONEHENGE RULES!

Nowadays, the computer is everywhere. It runs our lives. You (0)D a holiday or theatre or cinema seats or you pass through the supermarket (1), and somebody starts pressing keys. Instantly a screen and a machine (2) your movements as a spender.

(3) you pay by card or cheque, your bank or building society is also (4) of your life as saver or spender. There (5) a computer (6) over your money. Where did it all begin, this modern (7) of accounting so different from that of the poor clerks Dickens (8) about sitting on high stools from early morning till late (9) night? Well, in Britain if you take a train or bus and travel across to the Southwest, you may (10) yourself looking at the answer. A few miles outside Salisbury (11) a broken ring of large stones known as Stonehenge. The ring is (12) over 4,000 years old.

Experts have (13) that one use of the henge was to make calculations, probably to (14) with astronomy. If true then Stonehenge can (15) to be Britains oldest computer Stonehenge rules, you might well say.

0 A make B demand C order D book 1 A lookouts B sendoffs C knockouts D checkouts 2 A retail B record C retain D report 3 A Despite B Indeed C Whether D However 4 A piece B part C portion D amount 5 A again B however C more D over 6 A glances B looks C watches D cares 7 A path B route C track D way 8 A described B wrote C told D reported 9 A in B the C of D at 10 A get B find C apply D appear 11 A stands B runs C grows D forms 12 A many B plenty C well D lots 13 A informed B suggested C advised D appealed 14 A do B make C have D refer 15 A demand B insist C claim D maintain For questions 16-30, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

WHO READS SCIENCE BOOKS?

A scientist speaking on television recently revealed (0)how/that he had carried out a test to discover just (16) many people read books on science from cover to (17). What he did was to pencil a note (18) a certain page promising to pay a sum of money to anyone who had read that (19) in the book. For some reason (20) known to himself he had worked out that page 80 was the (21) suitable page for the note. He had given a phone number (22) well which readers were to use to make (23) with him. He chose a particular bookshop to take (24) in the test and (25) marking a hundred copies he sat back and waited (26) his phone to ring or a (27) to be left on his (28) machine. (29) his surprise and disappointment as time went by his phone remained (30). Sadly he concluded that people do not read beyond the first four chapters of scientific books.

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use the word given and other words to complete each sentence. You must use between two and five words. Do not change the word given. There is an example at the beginning (0).

0 My sister is not old enough to ride a bicycle.

too My sister is too young to ride a bicycle.

31 In three weeks Michaels health greatly improved.

was In three weeks in Michaels health.

32 His last visit to Zurich was in 1991, Tom told me.

since I 1991, Tom told me.

33 Her advice to her sons was always good.

gave She always advice.

34 You only married me because I can cook!

reason Your only because I can cook!

35 I arrived in London on the Shuttle.

came I on the Shuttle.

36 Sophie raised that topic at last months meeting.

brought That topic at last months meeting.

37 Their work is bad because they have no training.

properly If they their work would be better.

38 I think I ought to leave.

it I think left.

39 When he crossed the road he didnt look left or right.

without He crossed the road left or right.

40 John said the mistake was his secretarys fault.

blamed John the mistake.

For questions 41-55, read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct put a tick (') by the number. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word beside it. There are two examples at the beginning (0 and 00).

PA WANTED _'_0 This medium-sized firm is looking for an excellent PA/secretary _of_00 Two years of minimum experience is required and you will 41 need a good shorthand (100 wpm) to work for one of the 42 Senior Managers. The job, which is a mixture of business and 43 personal work, and will involve a large amount of organisation 44 and administration concerning with both his business and social life.

45 You will need to be confident and aware and must have a 46 good appearance. A good speaking voice and a good at telephone 47 manner are required, and plenty of the common sense is also 48 an essential. The firm offers excellent working conditions and 49 many benefits. These will include two reviews of salary, 50 of four weeks holiday, health care, and life assurance. You 51 will be working in a modern office which has recently been 52 completely redesigned and boasts of all the latest mod. cons. If 53 you think yourself are the right sort of person to fill this 54 job and you are someone who is happy to use up their 55 own initiative, please to call Martin on 4470 32742.

For questions 56-65, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).

NOT SUCH A FINE DAY!

People who work as weather (0)forecasters are often thought to have one of the most (56) jobs in the world, second only to the supposedly (57) lives of film-stars and air-hostesses. But (58) can be very (59) and many people would be surprised to learn that a forecasters life can be extremely (60). So long as the forecasts prove (61) all is well and satisfactory but once a forecast proves (62) the forecasters telephones begin to ring very (63) with people complaining about the (64) of sporting and other events totally ruined by an (65) rainstorm grey days indeed for weather men and women then.

(0) FORECAST (58) APPEAR (61) RELY (64) CANCEL (56) DELIGHT (59) DECEIVE (62) CORRECT (65) EXPECT (57) LUXURY (60) ENJOY (63) ANGRY ANSWERS TO TEST 1 D 26 for 44 with 2 B 27 message 45 ' 3 C 28 answer(ing) 46 at 4 B 29 To 47 the 5 A 30 silent 48 ' 6 C 31 there was a great 49 ' 7 D improvement 50 of 8 B 32 have not/havent 51 ' 9 D visited Zurich since 52 of 10 B 33 gave her sons good 53 are 11 A 34 reason for marrying 54 up 12 C me was 55 to 13 B 35 came to London 56 delightful 14 A 36 was brought up by 57 luxurious 15 C Sophie 58 appearances 16 how 37 were/had been 59 deceptive 17 cover properly trained or 60 unenjoyable 18 on trained properly 61 reliable 19 far 38 its time I 62 incorrect 20 best/only 39 without looking 63 angrily 21 most 40 blamed his secretary 64 cancellation/ 22 As for cancelling 23 contact 41 a 65 unexpected 24 part 42 which 25 after 43 and TEST For questions 1-15, read the text below and decide which word A, B, C or D best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

GETTING THINGS DONE Life in the smaller country places can (0)B you feel very isolated. Once our village didnt have a very good (1) into town since there were only two buses a week. (2) was the state of (3) when I first (4) there some years ago. I remember the startled (5) of women I spoke to outside the shops about this (6) of a very basic provision.

Well, thats how it is, theres nothing we can do about it. Theres (7),I replied quickly. We can (8) a meeting in the village hall, get up a petition, and (9) it to the local council, asking them to (10) the number of days a week the bus (11). And most important of all we have to make sure that the local Member of Parliament either (12) the meeting or certainly gets a copy of our petition. After some hesitation and (13) doubt about our chance of success, the idea was put into (14) with the (15) that today the village has a daily bus into town.

0 A get B make C force D start 1 A transport B route C link D service 2 A It B This C There D So 3 A affairs B matters C ways D facts 4 A survived B settled C rested D started 5 A return B repeat C reaction D result 6 A loss B waste C scarcity D lack 7 A many B plenty C great D lot 8 A hold B raise C handle D bring 9 A refer B propose C present D offer 10 A enlarge B extend C stretch D develop 11 A serves B drives C transfers D runs 12 A arrives B comes C attends D appears 13 A first B opening C starting D initial 14 A movement B act C practice D form 15 A result B output C end D verdict For questions 16-30, read the following text and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

SHAKESPEARE HELPS YOUNG LOVERS Possibly the first known London address (0)of Shakespeare is in the area of what today (16) Liverpool Street Station. In October 1596 this was (17) of the Parish (18) St Helens, Bishopsgate. A William Shakespeare is on a debtors list of that date and place for five shillings in tax a good (19) pounds by todays values. He had (20) February 1597 to pay but the collectors who called during that month were (21) to get their money. His name appears in the (22) parish in 1598, (23) time for even (24) tax, payable (25) the end of March. History repeated itself when the men called, and (26) more they collected nothing. By October Shakespeare was across the river and only ten years later did he recross (27) to lodge in the house of a wigmaker in Silver Street. This is (28) record because in a 1612 court case at Westminster, Shakespeare speaks (29) behalf of an apprentice in the house of the wigmaker, (30) daughter the apprentice hoped to marry, despite her fathers disapproval rich material indeed for a dramatist.

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use the word given and other words to complete each sentence. You must use between two and five words. Do not change the word given. There is an example at the beginning (0).

0 My sister is not old enough to ride a bicycle.

too My sister is too young to ride a bicycle.

31 I wont go out unless I have an umbrella.

risk I wont an umbrella.

32 He said the furniture was badly made.

it He said furniture.

33 The magistrate fined them 40.

made The magistrate of 40.

34 I may visit Paris, in which case I shall stay at the Ritz.

go If I shall stay at the Ritz.

35 I dont know what to do.

wish I to do.

36 We hope to see you here again next year, Peter.

forward We here again next year, Peter.

37 Georgie told Martina she shouldnt go out alone at night.

against Georgie warned out alone at night.

38 He passed the exam by just one mark.

through He by just one mark.

39 Jane asked the supermarket to deliver some food.

had Jane the supermarket.

40 They talked about the play they had just seen.

discussed They they had just seen.

For questions 41-55, read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct put a tick (') by the number. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word beside it. There are two examples at the beginning (0 and 00).

VISIT TO THE TOWER to 0 We reached to the Tower at ten oclock in the morning.

' 00 The first thing we saw was the large queue already stretching 41 a good way along the path. But the Tower it looked so big 42 that we were sure there must to be room for us all inside.

43 We joined with the queue and waited. British people are better at 44 this queueing business than us as I have learned from living here.

45 Finally the doors opened, we paid our money, and went in and 46 began finding out our way round the Tower. I was surprised 47 to see so very much armour the metal worn by fighting men.

48 And I was very frightened when I saw that where so many 49 people had had their heads cut off by the man with the 50 axe. Altogether I did found the Tower rather frightening 51 but I did much like the uniforms worn by the Beefeaters, 52 as they have call them, and also liked the large black birds 53 which are as part of the tradition of the Tower. But I am 54 very glad that I was never sent there for doing something 55 wrong. I would myself have been too frightened to survive.

For questions 5665, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space on the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).

THE BUSINESS OF ADVERTISING Many (0)surprising claims are made for advertising, not least its supposed power and amazing (56) to sell anybody anything. There is an (57) truth about this but sometimes advertising seems a (58) waste of time. Fruit for example often looks more (59) in the well-lit ads than in its natural (60) and certainly more (61) than on the shelves of the local supermarkets. However this never acts as a (62) to judge by the ever-increasing (63) of fruit reported by the shops. Whatever the (64) there seems to be very little (65) that in this case it has anything to do with the business of advertising.

(0) SURPRISE (58) NEED (61) ATTRACT (64) EXPLAIN (56) ABLE (59) APPETITE (62) DETER (65) LIKE (57) ELEMENT (60) SURROUND (63) CONSUME ANSWERS TO TEST 1 D 5 C 9 C 2 B 6 D 10 B 3 A 7 B 11 D 4 B 8 A 12 C 13 D 33 made them pay a fine 51 much 14 C 34 I go to Paris 52 have 15 A 35 wish I knew what 53 as 16 is 36 look forward to 54 ' 17 part seeing you 55 myself 18 of 37 Martina against going 56 ability 19 many/few 38 got/scraped through 57 elementary 20 until/till the exam 58 needless 21 unable 39 had some food 59 appetising/appetizing 22 same delivered by 60 surroundings 23 this 40 discussed the play 61 attractive 24 more 41 it 62 deterrent 25 by 42 to 63 consumption 26 once 43 with 64 explanation 27 it 44 ' 65 likelihood 28 on 45 ' 62 preferably 29 on 46 out 63 reference 30 whose 47 very 64 librarian 31 risk going out 48 that 65 guidance without 49 ' 32 it was badly made 50 did TEST For questions 1-15, read the following text and decide which word A, B, C or D best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

PLANNING A HOLIDAY Going (0)B on holiday is a time of great excitement for all (1) family. It often (2) after a long period of discussion several months before, when for about three weeks every (3) booklet and prospectus is (4) up at the local travel agents. There are sometimes so many of these they need to be brought home in a (5) bag. They are then gone through (6) by one every evening for about three weeks. Places are chosen by the (7) of the very attractive photographs and (8) to location. Everybody has their say, prices are (9) and lists are made. Finally it all (10) down to a choice of perhaps three places. It becomes almost impossible to (11) two of these and (12) what will certainly provide the familys next holiday. But the miracle eventually (13) place, and late one evening after much argument agreement is (14). It is with a sigh of considerable (15) that next day the holiday is booked.

0 A out B off C with D round 1 A of B a C in D the 2 A presents B comes C passes D appears 3 A approximate B absolute C available D additional 4 A picked B selected C chosen D lifted 5 A carriage B transport C porter D carrier 6 A each B every C one D single 7 A sight B look C air D face 8 A allowing B approving C agreeing D according 9 A compared B composed C rivalled D resembled 10 A restricts B limits C narrows D tightens 11 A depart B eliminate C dispose D rid 12 A rest B remain C reside D leave 13 A forms B fits C takes D makes 14 A arrived B received C ended D reached 15 A relief B breath C help D rescue For questions 16-30, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

HOW TO SURVIVE Several courses have been (0)on offer at keep-fit centres in recent years in what are (16) as survival techniques. (17) closer examination this may not be (18) a bad idea. You have to imagine that you (19) yourself in (20) is called a survival situation. This means that you, for (21) are still afloat after your ship has sunk or are somehow alive after your plane has crashed (22) the Alps or a desert, or you are a survivor in a remote car crash.

In short, you have survived some initial disaster (23) takes place (24) away from anywhere, and now have to stay alive (25) help arrives or you are fit (26) to go and look for help.

So the first thing to do, and the courses all insist (27) this, is to find shelter. You must therefore learn to do this using whatever nature (28) you with. Your course has now begun, most situations are covered and, not surprisingly, classes are very (29) attended. It (30) seem quite a number of people wish to live by the rule of taking nothing for granted in this life.

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use the word given and other words to complete each sentence. You must use between two and five words. Do not change the word given. There is an example at the beginning (0).

0 My sister is not old enough to ride a bicycle.

too My sister is too young to ride a bicycle.

31 He walked as far as Trafalgar Square with me.

until He walked Trafalgar Square.

32 Is your brother called Harry?

whose Have you got Harry?

33 The sun shone a lot here yesterday.

it Yesterday here.

34 The noise was so loud it made us jump.

such It it made us jump.

35 As its late, I think we should leave.

let As its late we?

36 You dont hear much thats good these days.

news These days most bad.

37 I think I forgot to pack my scissors.

must I my scissors.

38 Dont let the entrance to the restaurant discourage you.

put Dont the entrance to the restaurant.

39 I prefer cheese to fruit.

than I fruit.

40 The crash wasnt too bad because the pilot landed in a field.

if The crash would have been worse _ landed in a field.

For questions 41-55, read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct put a tick (') by the number. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word beside it. There are two examples at the beginning (0 and 00).

A PRINTER REPLIES Dear Sir the_ 0 Thank you for your letter of the March 15, asking if we ' 00 could print advertising matter on the wrapping and containers for 41 your chain of supermarkets. We have a considerable experience 42 of this kind work and can easily handle the very 43 large orders you would require for us to carry out.

44 We are sure you will allow to us to point out that we 45 already do all the printing for the Goodfood and Multisave 46 supermarket chains and have quite recently been approached 47 by the Safebuy chain to know if we could handle in their 48 printing needs. The answer it is of course that yes we are 49 a very large firm indeed and you have written to us at a 50 very fortunate time since we are about to expand with 51 our business. This is to take the form of a merger 52 with the printing firm of Brown and Williamson, whom 53 with we have always had very good relations with.

54 Now that they are joining to our company we can safely 55 say as we shall be able to deal with your orders.

For questions 56-65, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).

LETTER WRITING The (0)variety of letters, both business and personal is (56), and it is well worth while consulting a guide to (57), of the kind to be found in any public library. When writing to someone totally (58) to you, begin, Dear Sir or Dear Madam, with the (59) Yours faithfully or Yours truly.

A married woman can put her (60) on this kind of letter with the (61) of the word Mrs. When writing to people with titles and honours, you should (62) look for a more detailed (63) book.

The (64) at most public libraries will have at least one work that gives proper (65) to letters of this kind.

(0) VARY (58) KNOW (61) ADD (64) LIBRARY (56) END (59) CONCLUDE (62) PREFER (65) GUIDE (57) CORRESPOND (60) SIGN (63) REFER ANSWERS TO TEST 1 D 22 in 39 would/d rather have 2 B 23 which/that cheese than 3 C 24 miles/far 40 if the pilot had not 4 A 25 until/till landed 5 D 26 enough 41 a 6 C 27 on 42 kind 7 B 28 provides 43 for 8 D 29 well 44 to (first) 9 A 30 does/would 45 ' 10 C 31 with me until he/we 46 ' 11 B reached 47 in 12 D 32 a brother whose name 48 it 13 C is 49 ' 14 D 33 it was very sunny 50 with 15 A 34 was such a loud noise 51 ' 16 known/described 35 lets leave, shall/can 52 ' 17 on 36 news you hear is 53 with (first) 18 such/altogether 37 must have forgotten 54 to 19 find to pack 55 as 20 what 38 be put off by 56 endless/unending 21 example/instance 57 correspondence 58 unknown 61 addition 64 librarian 59 conclusion 62 preferably 65 guidance 60 signature 63 reference TEST For questions 1-15, read the following text and decide which word A, B, C or D best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

GARRETT A MORGAN An accident between a car and a horse-drawn carriage turned on a green light in the mind of one (0)C to it. Why not, thought Garrett A Morgan, design a signal that would (1) the movement of road traffic? (2) a result, in February 1927 Morgan produced the worlds first automatic electric traffic signal.

His invention (3) of a pole with two arms that turned round to (4) when traffic should move. The words stop and go were on different sides of the arms, which automatically turned and (5) the right line of traffic when necessary.

Morgan, who had been (6) about road safety because of the (7) number of cars coming on to the roads at the (8), sold his invention to the General Electric Company for $40,000.

Morgan was born in Kentucky in 1877 and (9) an elementary education. In 1905 he began a job (10) sewing machines and in 1907 he (11) his own shop for this. He (12) on to start a company selling hair treatments and later he invented the safety hood, which (13) firemen from gas and smoke and (14) a prize at a exhibition.

Morgan died in 1963, just months after being (15) by the US government with an award for inventing the first automatic traffic signal.

0 A observer B viewer C witness D spectator 1 A direct B train C master D rule 2 A With B Being C As D By 3 A composed B combined C constructed D consisted 4 A declare B indicate C sign D inform 5 A aimed B opposed C viewed D faced 6 A tense B restless C excited D concerned 7 A raising B increasing C enlarging D heightening 8 A while B period C time D age 9 A received B attained C gathered D took 10 A remedying B mending C revising D correcting 11 A opened B introduced C installed D formed 12 A took B went C kept D got 13 A covered B prevented C saved D protected 14 A reached B caught C won D succeeded 15 A respected B honoured C approved D valued For questions 16-30, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

THE FISH AND CHIP SHOP Harry Ramsdens is a remarkable establishment in Yorkshire, in the North of England.

It looks more (0)like a cinema or fire station than a world-famous restaurant, and it (16) a symbol of a certain attitude (17) food in the North of England.

The car park beside (18) unique place has up to sixteen coaches in (19) at any time.

Numerous cars, too, (20) every type, size and age, are also parked there. Outside the building, a queue stretches around the side. Those waiting to be seated appear rather anxious, (21) if they are children waiting to go into a theme park. (22) is a sense of excitement. Harry Ramsdens is (23) merely a restaurant: it is an event.

Inside the vast carpeted dining room, elegant glass lights illuminate tables (24) are laid with simple blue-checked table cloths, ordinary plates, cups and saucers (25) bottles of sauce. Everyone is there (26) enjoy the favourite food of the area fish and chips, cooked to perfection (27) a unique environment. This simple meal has been served to film stars, politicians and miners alike.

Harry Ramsdens is an English celebration of simple, value-for-money food, served stylishly and enjoyed (28) all. More Harry Ramsdens restaurants (29) opened since the original one, (30) in Britain and abroad.

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use the word given and other words to complete each sentence. You must use between two and five words. Do not change the word given. There is an example at the beginning (0).

0 Do you know how to get to the town centre? she asked me.

way She asked me whether I knew the way/if I knew the way to the town centre.

31 We wont get to the airport in less than 30 minutes.

least It will _ 30 minutes to get to the airport.

32 Despite knowing the area well, I got lost.

even I got lost _ the area well.

33 I tried to talk to Jack about the problem but he was too busy.

word I tried to _ about the problem but he was too busy.

34 I dont mind which film we see, I said.

matter I said that_ me which film we saw.

35 If you dont take care of those shoes, they wont last for long.

look Unless _ those shoes wont last for long.

36 Youve already lied to me once today.

lie This is not the first_ me today.

37 Did you enjoy the party?

good Did you _ the party?

38 Whenever I hear this song, I remember the time when I was in Paris.

reminds Whenever I hear this song _ the time when I was in Paris.

39 I cant describe people as well as you can.

better Youre_ I am.

40 You didnt think carefully enough before you decided.

ought You _ more carefully before you decided.

For questions 41-55, read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct put a tick (') by the number. If a line has a word which should not be there, write the word beside it. There are two examples at the beginning (0 and 00).

IM AFRAID I CANT COME the 0 Ive been trying to get in touch with you by the phone for a couple _' 00 of weeks, but I think there must be something wrong with your phone.

41 It keeps up making a funny noise every time I dial your number, so 42 I thought Id better write to you instead. The problem is that I wont 43 be able to come and stay with you the next weekend. What has 44 happened it is that my parents have arranged to give a big party for the 45 whole family at that weekend. They told me about it several weeks ago 46 and I promised I would be there. Unfortunately, after I had forgotten all 47 about it when I arranged to come and stay with you. As you probably 48 know, I havent got a very much good memory! Anyway, Im very sorry, 49 but I really cant let them down. I hope that this doesnt cause to you too 50 much trouble and that well be able to arrange another one weekend when 51 I can come. Please write back and suggest for a date that will suit you, or 52 if your phone is working again, please give me a ring and we can discuss 53 about it. Once again, I apologise for making such a terrible mistake 54 and I hope that you wont be too angry with me. I was really looking 55 forward to spending a weekend with you and I hope so that well be able to arrange this soon.

For questions 56-65, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).

EXERCISE Exercise is one of the best ways of keeping (0)depression away. It improves your body and your mind and (56) you to perform better in the work place and at home.

Proper (57) is essential if you want to get the most from exercise and you should also take into (58) your heart rate. It can be (59) to do too much, which is why all good fitness instructors emphasise the (60) of listening to your body.

When you first start you should use good (61), because its easy to make the mistake of using the equipment (62) or doing too much at one time. Start slowly and build up gradually.

Exercise should not be seen as a (63) task;

it can be as easy as a quick walk. To increase your fitness (64), exercise for 20 minutes a day, 4 to 6 times a week and you will notice a (65) in your body and mind in a few weeks.

(0) DEPRESSED (58) CONSIDER (61) JUDGE (64) STEADY (56) ABLE (59) HARM (62) CORRECT (65) DIFFERENT (57) BREATH (60) IMPORTANT (63) DEMAND ANSWERS TO TEST 1 A 25 and 43 the 2 C 26 to 44 it 3 D 27 in 45 at 4 B 28 by 46 after 5 D 29 have 47 ' 6 D 30 both 48 much 7 B 31 take (us) at least 49 to 8 C 32 even though I knew 50 one 9 A 33 have a word with 51 for 10 B Jack 52 ' 11 A 34 it didnt/did not 53 about 12 B matter to 54 ' 13 D 35 you look after them 55 so 14 C (carefully) 56 enables 15 B 36 lie (that) youve/you 57 breathing 16 is/remains have told 58 consideration 17 to/towards 37 have a good time/ 59 harmful 18 this/that have good fun at 60 importance 19 it 38 it reminds me of 61 judgement/judgment 20 of 39 better at describing 62 incorrectly 21 as people than 63 demanding 22 There 40 ought to have thought 64 steadily 23 not 41 up 65 difference 24 that/which 42 ' Coc a e: o a a a a o a Pea op: y a T..




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