ÊÓPCOB ÈCTOPÈ×ECÊOO ÔAÊÓËÜTETA ×acòü I Cocòaâèòeëü: Êoíûãèía.È.
Bopoíeæ – 1999 2 Äa ûe ìe oä ÷ecê e yêaça ÿ (÷ac ü 1) peä aç a÷e û äëÿ c yäe oâ 3-5 êypcoâ c op ÷ecêoão ôaêyëü e a, ão oâÿù xcÿ ê cäa÷e ýêçaìe a ypoâ ÿ First Certificate in English. Coäepæa oäáopêy ec oâ ç paçäeëa Paper 4 Listening.
Tec û coc oÿ ç 4 ÷ac e, a âû oë e e êo opûx o âoä cÿ oêoëo 40 ì.
Co poâoæäaþ cÿ coo âe c âyþù ì ça cÿì a ayä oêacce e (60 ì ).
C aáæe û êëþ÷aì.
3 TEST ONE PART 1 You will hear people talking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer A, B or C.
1 You are walking down the street 5 You hear part of a radio report.
when somebody stops you and speaks Who is speaking?
to you. What does he want you to do? A a policeman A give him directions B a motoring expert B give him an address C a car driver C take him somewhere 6 You hear someone talking on the 2 You hear someone talking on a telephone. What is he doing?
public telephone. Who is she talking A giving advice to? A her employer B expressing disapproval B another employee C trying to persuade C a doctor 7 You hear two people discussing the 3 You hear part of a radio news local bus service. What’s their opinion report. Where is the reporter? of it?
A in a conference hall A The service is unreliable.
B outside a building B The fares are too high.
C in a hotel C The journeys are very slow.
4 You hear someone on the radio 8 You hear part of an interview with a describing her career. How does she sportsman. What is the situation?
feel? A He has just won a match.
A content B He is about to play.
B frustrated C He has decided to retire.
C jealous PART You will hear part of a radio programme about Gatwick Airport, an airport near London. For questions 9-18, complete the sentences.
GATWICK AIRPORT There are 9 businesses operating at the airport.
Carol Bennett works as an10.
Carol compares the airport with11.
The young lady had a problem because she 12 when her flight landed in Australia.
The young lady didn’t have any13 with her when she arrived at Gatwick Airport.
Carol sent the young lady to14.
The people who watch what happens in the airport are the 15.
They sometimes have to deal with overcrowding in the 16.
Jane Anderson works in the 17 department.
She has problems with passengers whenever 18 happen.
PART You will hear five different radio advertisements for places where parties can be held.
For questions 19-23, choose from the list A-F what each place states. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.
A There are sometimes reduced prices. Advert 1 B There is a free room for big groups. Advert 2 C You should book well in advance.
Advert 3 D It is an easy place to get to.
Advert 4 E Entertainment is sometimes provided.
Advert 5 F The prices given include everything.
PART You will hear an interview with someone who started a news service called Children’s Express. For questions 24-30, choose the best answer A, B or C.
CHILDREN’S EXPRESS 24 The purpose of Children’s Express paper.
is to encourage children to C It interests adults more than children.
A think in a more adult way. 28 Important public figures agree to B consider important matters. be interviewed by the children C train as journalists. because 25 Bob says that the children who A Children’s Express has a good work on Children’s Express reputation.
A are carefully chosen. B they like the questions children ask.
B learn from each other. C they want children to like them.
C get on well together. 29 When an article is being prepared, 26 What success has Children’s the editors Express had? A help the reporters in the interviews.
A TV programmes have been made B change what the reporters have about it. written.
B Adults read some of the articles it C talk to the reporters about the produces. interviews.
C It has affected the opinions of some 30 What is unique about their type of adults. journalism?
27 What did the survey in the A Nothing in their articles is invented.
Indianapolis Star show about the page B Everything that is recorded appears in they write? the articles.
A It is read by a lot of adults. C It is particularly suitable for children.
B It is the most popular page in the TEST TWO PART You will hear people talking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer A, B or C.
1 You hear someone describing What did she do during the trip?
something that happened to her. How A She spent a lot of money.
did she feel? B She visited a lot of famous A annoyed places.
B confused C She met a lot of people.
C disappointed 6 You hear the presenter of a local 2 You hear part of a radio play. radio news programme. Who is he Where are the speakers? going to interview?
A in a taxi A a member of the public B at an airport B a local journalist C at home C a senior politician 3 You hear this announcement in a 7 You hear someone describing the supermarket. What does the place where she lives. What does she announcer want customers to do? think of the place?
A leave the building now A It is dangerous.
B buy a certain product B It is strange.
C use a particular exit C It is interesting.
4 You hear two people talking on a 8 You hear an announcement about a railway station platform. What is the radio programme. What kind of relationship between them? programme is it?
A They are strangers. A a sports programme B They are colleagues. B a holiday programme C They are neighbours. C a health programme 5 You hear someone describing a trip.
PART You will hear part of a local radio programme, in which the presenter gives details of a competition. For questions 9-18, fill in the missing information.
RADIO REPORTER COMPETITION Reports must be: 9 long Aim of competition: to show the 10 of the area Top prize: tape recorder with Other prizes for: most interesting subject 12 most imaginative presentation Main categories: the personalities and activities of the area important local Other category for: entries from schools Winners can buy: 14 for the school Reports can be linked to: 15 done at school Best reports: to be broadcast on special programme called Tapes must be: of good quality and To pick up tapes: write 18 on envelope PART You will hear five different radio reports. For questions 19-23, choose from the list A-F what each reporter is reporting on. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.
A a concert Report 1 B a parade Report 2 C a strike Report 3 D a demonstration Report 4 E a sports event Report 5 F a celebration PART You will hear part of a radio phone-in programme in which teenagers give advice on relationships between parents and teenagers. For questions 24-30, write Y (YES) next to those views that are expressed by any of the speakers and N (NO) next to those views that are not expressed.
HELP AROUND THE HOUSE It may be necessary to allow a teenager to have an untidy bedroom. Most teenagers like their rooms to be untidy. When children do jobs in the house, they do them badly. Teenagers should be forced to do a lot of jobs around the house. Parents should insist that their teenage children help in the house. It is good if parents allow teenagers to have untidy bedrooms. It is bad for teenagers if they don’t have to help in the house. TEST THREE PART You will hear people talking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer, A, B or C.
1 You hear a critic describing a film. is the relationship between the What is his opinion of it? speakers?
A It is dull. A They went to the same school.
B It will shock. B They have met once before.
C It is peculiar. C They are married to each other.
2 You hear someone talking on a 4 You hear an advertisement on the radio phone-in programme. Where is radio. What is being advertised?
he phoning from? A a special offer A his home B new products B his car C a new shop C his place of work 5 You are in an airport when someone 3 You hear part of a radio play. What comes and speaks to you. What does he want you to do? telephone. What is she doing?
A show him where Gate 12 is A expressing regret B get some information for him B defending herself C explain what he should do C offering to do something 6 You hear someone being 8 You hear the presenters of a radio interviewed on the radio. Who is the programme talking. What are they speaker? going to do?
A a composer A find out about a city B an actor B compare different cities C a film director C visit a market 7 You hear someone talking on the PART You will hear part of a travel programme, in which a reporter talks about various ferries. For questions 9-18, fill in the missing information.
FERRIES FERRY GOOD POINT BAD POINT SEA MASTER friendly, competent staff 10 MAID OF THE OCEAN EUROPA rather dirty 13 SEA BREEZE 15 WESTERN PRIDE 17 BLUE LAGOON PART You will hear five different people talking about a famous entertainer. For questions 19 23, choose which of the opinions A-F each speaker expresses. Use the letters only once.
There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.
A He isn’t very happy. Speaker 1 B He behaves badly. Speaker 2 C He is a shy person.
Speaker 3 D He won’t be famous for long.
Speaker 4 E He isn’t very talented.
Speaker 5 F He is an insincere person.
PART You will hear part of an interview with a man who has spent some time living on a desert island. For questions 24-30, choose the best answer, A, B or C.
ISLAND OF DREAMS 24 What do we learn about Tony at B they had achieved what they the start of the interview? wanted to.
A His book has become popular. C he thought he could get a better B He has been criticized. job in Britain.
C He has had some bad 28 When the storm came, he experiences. A had been expecting it.
25 What made him go to the island? B tied his daughter to the tree.
A the desire to write a book about it C was frightened by it.
B dissatisfaction with life in Britain 29 What have his experiences on the C a book by someone who had island taught him?
been there A Life doesn’t have to be hard.
26 When Tony and Kathy first went B Anyone can change their life.
to the island, they C Money doesn’t make you happy.
A were not equipped for living 30 The next time Tony goes to the there. island, B had to be collected by divers. A he intends to stay there C were determined not to give up. permanently.
27 One reason why they left the island B his children may decide not to go was that with him.
A they had not intended to stay C he will act according to his forever. children’s wishes.
KEY TEST 1 15 Terminal Duty Team TEST 1 C 16 check-in area 1 B 2 B 17 Passenger Services 2 A 3 B 18 flight delays 3 C 4 A 19 E 4 A 5 A 20 A 5 B 6 B 21 D 6 B 7 A 22 F 7 C 8 C 23 B 8 B 9 over/more than 150 24 B 9 up to/no more than/not 10 information assistant 25 B over/a maximum of 4/ 11 a (small) town 26 B four minutes 12 was asleep/sleeping 27 A 10 special nature 13 luggage/clothes/ 28 A 11 (a) separate luggage or clothes 29 C microphone 14 Travel Care 30 A 12 (the) best interview 13 issues 30 Y 16 (lots of/endless/ 14 (any) equipment TEST 3 long/big) queues 15 (a) special project/ 1 A 17 (the) fun room special projects 2 B 18 poor quality (of/of 16 Our Society Today 3 A the) food 17 clearly labelled/ 4 B 19 A labelled clearly 5 C 20 D 18 for collection 6 A 21 E 19 D 7 A 22 B 20 F 8 A 23 F 21 E 9 shops (too) crowded 24 C 22 C 10 children’s area 25 B 23 A 11 not enough signs 26 A 24 Y 12 comfortable seating 27 A 25 N 13 (big/wide) range of 28 C 26 Y food 29 A 27 N 14 horrible design 30 C 28 Y 15 (the) bargains/low 29 Y prices in (the) shops TAPESCRIPTS TEST I am going to give you the instructions for this test. I will introduce each part of the test and give you time to look at the questions. At the start of each piece you will hear this sound.
You will hear each piece twice. Remember, while you are listening, write your answers on the question paper. You will have time at the end of the test to copy your answers onto the separate answer sheet.
The tape will now be stopped. Please ask any questions now, because you must not speak during the test.
Now open your question paper and look at Part 1.
Part You will hear people talking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer A, B or C.
Excuse me, I wonder if you could give me a hand. I’m looking for The National Central Bank and I seem to have got a bit lost. I’ve got this map here that they sent me and they’ve marked where it is, but I’m afraid I can’t work it out. I keep ending up in the same place. I know it’s very near here, so would you mind terribly coming along with me and pointing out the place - as long as it’s not out of your way, of course.
... I think I’m going to be in a bit late today... could you let him know?... no I can’t rearrange it... look, it’s a firm appointment... no, I know he gets annoyed if anyone’s late, but what can I do?... Yes, I know he’ll make me work some extra time to make it up... but you know I haven’t been feeling well lately so I want to find out what’s wrong with me... OK, I’ll see you as soon as I can.
Presenter:... and so, it’s over to our reporter, David Muir, who’s on the spot.
Reporter: Yes, thank you Sue, we’re expecting developments any minute now. For the past few days, I’ve been staying not far from here and people have been gathering on the streets. It looks as if there might be trouble, if they’re not satisfied with the results of the talks. The leaders should be coming out very soon, and the moment they come down the steps I’ll try to fight my way through the crowd of other reporters on the pavement and get comments from them.
Presenter: OK, David, we’ll be back to you as soon as anything happens.
Yes, I’ve had a very varied career. I’ve had my successes and my failures and that’s the way life goes. All I can say is, I’ve never known what’s going to happen next. I know that many other actors have had more success than me without my talent, and I could let that bother me, but that’s not the way I am. I think that I might not have done everything I’m capable of, but worse things can happen to you.
... so many people just don’t seem to understand what a weapon a vehicle is. Every holiday time we have the same thing. Every holiday time we give the same warnings, but every holiday time they take no notice. So many drivers are just so careless, and, frankly, stupid. They obviously don’t care about driving properly, or they wouldn’t behave like they do. Then they wonder why they get involved in accidents! And when they do, we have to deal with the results.
Look, I’m not going to go through this again. It’s obvious that you never listen to a word I say, so what’s the point in discussing it now? You shouldn’t have bought that car. I told you enough times, there are plenty of better ones for the money - but now that you have, it’s too late to do anything about it. You asked me what I thought and then you took no notice. Look, I can only tell you what I think - if you choose to ignore me, that’s up to you.
Man: What I object to is that the things never come when they’re supposed to.
Woman:Yeah, I mean the other day I must have been waiting for three quarters of an hour. They always seem to take ages to come, don’t they?
Man: That’s if they even turn up at all. I mean, they make this big thing about how you save money if you use them instead of going by car, and I suppose that’s true but...
Woman:... yeah, whether it’s cheap or not is neither here nor there if you can never be sure whether they’re going to turn up or not.
Man: Quite. I don’t know why they even bother to print the timetables.
Well, when I became the champion, I thought there was nothing else left for me to achieve, but after a while, when I’d got used to it, I wanted to win again and again. I’d really like to be out there today, because I still think I can beat almost anyone. But, well, I’ve had my great victories, and you can’t ask for more than that. I realize it’s time to call it a day, and after all, I can still play for fun.
That is the end of Part 1. Now turn to Part 2.
Part You will hear part of a radio programme about Gatwick Airport, an airport near London. For questions 9-18, complete the sentences.
You now have 45 seconds in which to look at Part 2.
Announcer: Gatwick has grown from a small local airfield to become the sixth largest international airport in the world. Every year, nearly 20 million passengers pass through. 23,000 people work there, employed by more than 150 companies, but the responsibility of dealing directly with the travelling public is in the hands of relatively few men and women. Our reporter, Sandy Leslie, spent a day there recently, talking to some of those who come face to face with the public in the course of their work at the airport.
Sandy: Well, here I am in one of the airport terminals and it’s certainly very busy. I’ve started at the Information Desk, and I’m talking to Carol Bennett, Information Assistant, while she’s having a break from dealing with people’s enquiries. Carol, you’ve certainly got a busy job here, haven’t you? There are constant queues, aren’t there?
Carol: Yes, they all turn up here at the Information Desk with their problems. If we can’t deal with them ourselves, we can refer them to where they need to go, whether it be the medical centre or the chapel or the airline or the shopping mall. The thing about Gatwick Airport is it’s like a small town, with all the problems of a small town - lots of people with small problems or large problems, and they all seem to come to this desk.
Sandy: Are there any recent cases that stick out in your mind?
Carol: Well, we had a young lady who came up one day, completely disorientated. She thought she was in Australia. She said ‘Am I in Australia?’ I said ‘No, you’re in Gatwick.’ She said ‘You’ve got to be joking, I should be in Australia!’ I said ‘What do you mean?’, she said she’d fallen asleep on the aircraft and it was a multi-stop aircraft and of course instead of getting off in Australia, she’d slept right through and got off at Gatwick. I had a lot of trouble getting through to her. She kept trying to show me her ticket, she just couldn’t believe what had happened. Of course, she had no luggage, no clothes or anything. It was a terrible shame really -I mean, it might be difficult to imagine how it happened, but it really did, and I wouldn’t like it to happen to me.
Anyway, I had to contact Travel Care - they handle that sort of thing - and they sorted her out...
Sandy: Of course, security is a major issue at airports these days and I’m now talking to Richard Willis, Terminal Duty Officer. He’s part of the Terminal Duty team, and their job is to keep a constant watch on every corner of the airport, looking out for trouble.
Richard: As you can see, our cameras here in the Monitoring Centre cover the whole of the airport, we can see everything really. The Monitoring Centre is the nerve centre. The information that we get from the cameras is very varied and the staff here will deal with it as best they can and also pass any relevant information on to the members of the Duty Team who are out and about in the building. It can be anything from a medical emergency or a fire alarm anywhere in the building to passenger congestion within the check-in area at very busy times. And basically, with regard to that, the staff will go down there and hopefully sort the problem out so that passengers can have speedy access through the airport to board the aircraft...
Sandy: I’m now here with Jane Anderson. And Jane, your job involves dealing with sudden problems, doesn’t it?
Jane: Yes, I’m in Passenger Services, and I suppose that one of the biggest problems I have, since my job involves both departing and incoming passengers, is, if there are ever any flight delays, these lounges aren’t big enough to hold everyone who’s kept waiting. There aren’t enough seats, so we have people standing and I’m very limited as to how long I can keep them there. The captain’s going to be saying to me ‘Hold them there for another half an hour’ and I’m going ‘Well, I can’t really do that’ and meanwhile obviously they become very agitated because it’s so congested in there.
Sandy: All big airports like Gatwick have shopping centres in them and I’m now talking to...
That is the end of Part 2. Now turn to Part 3.
Part You will hear five different radio advertisements for places where parties can be held.
For questions 19-23, choose from the list A-F what each place states. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.
You now have 30 seconds in which to look at Part 3.
Advertisement 1 Looking for somewhere to hold your party? Look no further than Marty’s, where both large and small parties are welcome. We’ll lay on a feast of nine dishes plus dessert, and vegetarians are catered for. If you want entertainment, we have a lunchtime and evening disco available on selected dates. We can cater for parties of up to 400 and prices start from 16 a head. So contact our Party Office now on for further details and bookings.
Advertisement 2 If you want to throw that party that people are still talking about months later, come to us at the ever-popular Hotspot and we’ll organize everything for you. Nightly entertainment includes non-stop live bands, top-class cabaret and the best disco in town. What’s more, drinks are half-price on certain days! Larger parties can be accommodated in private suites if you prefer and you can choose from three or four course meals or the special Party Menu, which is 17.50 a head. So call us on 564 for the party with great food, great company and a great atmosphere.
Advertisement 3 For the very best in food and service, hold your party at Bentley’s.
We’re recommended in all the major restaurant guides, and by newspaper, magazine and radio critics. We’ll guarantee the best value in town - you just can’t beat our prices!
Four and five course menus are available from 14 and there’s our excellent buffet menu. We’re conveniently right at the heart of the city and we’re open every day of the week. So don’t delay, contact us now for information and bookings on 94 3521.
Advertisement 4 Why not have your party afloat? Let your guests take it easy aboard The Explorer, as they cruise along the river. Dancing, with our top-rated DJ, is always available and the food is good. You can hire The Explorer for either daytime or evening parties. There’s plenty of room for large groups of up to 400 and we’ve still got a few dates available this month. Prices range from 10 to 13 a head, and you can be sure there are no hidden extras. So for unbeatable value book now on 657 4322.
Advertisement 5 For that special occasion, book now at The Palace. You’ll get a rather sophisticated atmosphere in a lovely location by the river, with great food. We’re open seven days a week and we can cater for both lunchtime and evening parties. Parties of 100 or more can take advantage of our delightful Function Room, which comes with no hire charge for the room. Prices start at 10 a head, plus drinks, for our two-course menu, and one or two dates are still available for last-minute bookings. So call us now, on 213 5546.
That is the end of Part 3. Now turn to Part 4.
You will hear an interview with someone who started a news service called Children’s Express. For questions 24-30, choose the best answer A, B or C.
You now have one minute in which to look at Part 4.
Presenter: Welcome back. I’m talking to Bob Wilson, who started Children’s Express, which is an organization that supplies reports and articles to newspapers, magazines and TV and radio stations in the US. And as we heard before the break, Children’s Express is entirely staffed by children - they do the interviews, they put together the reports.
Bob, is it intended that the children should become journalists?
Bob: Well, although many of them do, it’s really about children beginning to look at the world in a different way, beginning to think about the serious issues in the world today.
We want them to be responsible citizens when they grow up and in the meantime, they have some powerful messages to deliver to the adult world. And of course, if kids get responsibility for covering the world, it’s amazing how interested they become - you know, they begin to read newspapers and news magazines, they think about issues, so it’s a really stimulating exercise for them.
Presenter: Now tell me about your youngsters. How old are they and where do they come from?
Bob: They range from eight to eighteen. They’re broken down into reporters and editors - the reporters are thirteen and under and they’re guided by editors who are fourteen to eighteen years old. All the training is done by the teenage editors, there’s no adult involvement at all - the training is passed down from generation to generation. The kids come from the widest possible backgrounds. There are kids from poor economic backgrounds and we’ll get some middle-class kids as well, so it’s a real mix.
Presenter: And, erm, where have their stories appeared?
Bob: Well, we’ve done television and we’ve done radio on the most important radio shows in public radio in the US, and, uh, we’ve gone into major newspapers and been published in features sections of newspapers which are read by adults. So we’re very proud of the adult readership, they’re the ones after all that have the vote and the influence.
Presenter: That’s quite an achievement isn’t it, to have reached a situation where in fact you’re taken very seriously by serious newspapers.
Bob: We have a major newspaper that we report for every week, we do a full page for the Indianapolis Star every week. They did a readership survey and they found that forty eight per cent of their readers read us either all the time or some of the time and they didn’t even measure the child readership, which is very broad. So we were quite excited by that, that we were read - as I understand it - even more than their editorial page.
Presenter: And do you find that, erm, people will cooperate? I mean do they, for example, interview political leaders, do they get access to significant public figures?
Bob: Our kids have interviewed all recent US presidents and many other leaders. So I’d say that the children are taken seriously and they have a background, you know, we’ve been in business for nineteen years now so that they’ve been at it for a long time and I think we’re quite well-respected in the US media business.
Presenter: Do the children take notes or are the interviews recorded as they’re being done?
Bob: Everything is recorded on tape.
Presenter: And do the youngsters rewrite and edit their own stuff under guidance?
Bob: Our kind of journalism for newspapers and magazines - just so you get some idea of why it’s so readable by adults - we call it oral journalism. Everything that the children do is tape recorded. The young reporters do the interviews and these are recorded. The teenage editors take notes during the interviews. Then the teenage editors question the reporters about the interviews and this questioning is recorded too. All of that recorded material is then typed out and the young editors then piece the articles together from that. So they don’t rewrite, everything is edited from those recordings.
Everything in the articles is either the words of the person being interviewed or the words of the child who interviews them. So it’s a rather unique form of journalism.
Presenter: You’re proud of what you’ve done, you’re proud of your children, aren’t you?
Bob: Very proud.
Presenter: Well, we wish you luck.
Bob: It’s been a great pleasure, thank you.
Presenter: Right, a short break and then it’s sport.
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That is the end of Part 4.
TEST Part You will hear people talking in eight different situations. For questions 1-8, choose the best answer A, B or C.
Well, I’d been in this country for about a year and I thought I knew the way things were, but I obviously didn’t have a grasp on some things. I thought that you were supposed to take a present on occasions like that, but I was the only one who did. I felt pretty bad because I was expecting that everyone else would have done the same, so I didn’t really know what was going on - only that I’d got it wrong.
Man: I think we’re going to miss it. Er... did you lock up and switch everything off?
Woman: Stop worrying. Everything’s under control. I checked everything.
Man: Have you got the tickets and the passports?
Woman: Yes, they’re in my pocket. Look, we’re not going to be late, we’ve only got a short way to go.
Man: But we’re supposed to arrive an hour before the flight.
Woman: I know, but don’t worry. It’s only round the corner now.
We would like to inform all customers that our opening hours are from 8am to 7pm every day and that we will shortly be closing. There is still time for you to take advantage of the numerous bargains available in the store, such as the fresh bread, and we hope that you will do so. Please leave through the door behind the checkouts, as the other doors are about to be locked. Thank you.
Woman: Do you catch this train very often?
Man: Yes, quite regularly. I have meetings in London about every two weeks.
Woman: Do you find it an easy journey?
Man: It depends. It can take me quite a long time to get here from the area where I live, but sometimes it’s not too bad. How about you?
Woman: I live just around the corner so it’s no problem for me. I go quite regularly on business as well.
Man: Ah, the train’s coming now, right on time.
I had a great time actually. I did all the tourist things and I saw all the sights, but what’s wrong with that? I mean, if you go to such a historic city, there’s no point in just sitting around in cafes or spending all your time with the other people in the party, is there?
There were loads of really good souvenirs in some of the places I went to, but they cost a fortune so I didn’t bother with them.
The recent elections have produced some surprising results, so let’s find out what’s behind this story. Our reporter, Jackie Walsh, has already spoken to the winners and losers and found out their theories, but what about the people who decided the issue?
Jackie knows the area better than most and she’s been out and about gathering opinions from the people who really count, the voters themselves. So let’s find out her conclusions.
I’ve heard a lot of people saying how risky it is around here, and you hear all these stories about violence and burglaries and all that but, I mean... maybe my experience is totally out of the ordinary, but... I’ve never come across any of that. For me it’s just a place full of the most fantastic mixture of people, I mean, there’s always something going on, it’s just so full of... of life!
Feeling run down? Not getting enough exercise? Need a break? Then you’d better listen to ‘Getting away from it all’ at 8.30 on Tuesday, where you’ll get all sorts of ideas for doing something about it. From a gentle round of golf to a weekend of intensive workouts at a health club, we’ll be covering places to suit all pockets. And also, there’ll be a special feature on bargain destinations for late bookings. Don’t miss it!
Part You will hear part of a local radio programme, in which the presenter gives details of a competition. For questions 9-18, fill in the missing information.
OK, finally we come to the competition I mentioned at the start of the programme. It’s for any of you out there who fancy yourselves as radio reporters and it’s open to anyone, of any age, who is living, working or studying in this area. Perhaps you’ve listened to this station and thought ‘I can do better than that!’ Well, this is your chance.
Now, if you want to go in for the competition, what you have to do is to put together and send in a short report on tape, of up to four minutes in length, that deals with something to do with this area. It could be about almost anything, as long as it’s connected with this area. You see, what we want you to send in are pieces which capture the special nature of the area - its people, what goes on here, the things that people care about here, that kind of thing. You might want to go out and interview people, or you could simply describe something, or both - it’s up to you.
What about the prizes? Well, the top prize, for the best report overall, is the magnificent Rubicon 2000 portable tape recorder. It’s what the professionals use when they’re out on a story. It’s got a separate microphone for conducting on-the-spot interviews and all the latest in new technology for the professional reporter. In addition, there will be prizes of Candida XR tape recorders for the most interesting subject, the best interview and the most imaginative presentation.
Right, if you want to go in for this competition, here are the details. First of all, the different categories you can enter reports for. Well, there are two main categories. The first is for local personalities and activities. For this, you might choose as your subject someone well-known in your district or a local sports event or festival, for example. The second is for issues of importance in the area today - you might, for example, compile a report about an environmental matter such as traffic problems for this category.
In addition, there’s a special category for entries from schools, because we’re very keen to get as many of the local schools as possible involved. In this category, we’re offering two cash prizes of five hundred pounds each, and the money can be used for the purchase of any equipment needed by the school - it’s up to the winners what they choose. Entries for this category are invited not from individuals but from school classes, and teachers may wish them to be related to a special project which could be organized between now and the closing date of July the eighth.
Our expert judges are going to select the six best reports sent in and these will be broadcast on September the sixth, on a special programme on this station - ‘Our Society Today’.
Anyone entering the competition should make sure that they submit their reports on good quality tape - remember, they’re going to be broadcast. And, very important, make sure that your tape is clearly labelled, with your name and address, which category your report is being entered for and its title.
Entries, clearly marked ‘Radio Reporter Competition’ on the envelope, should arrive here no later than 4pm on Friday July the eighth. Now, if you want us to send your tape back, you’ll have to supply us with a stamped, self-addressed envelope of a suitable size. And if you want to pick it up in person, here at the radio station, which you can do at the end of September, you should mark the envelope ‘for collection’ and we’ll put it on one side to hand over to you when you come in.
So get out there and start your reports - and good luck! I’ll be back at the same time next week with another edition of the programme, so until then, goodbye.
Part You will hear five different radio reports. For questions 19-23, choose from the list A-F what each reporter is reporting on. Use the letters only once. There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.
Speaker 1 Well, an enormous crowd has turned out. Although the mood seems to be a good one, it’s quite obvious how they feel, and how much ordinary people oppose the whole idea. There are people from all walks of life here, including a lot of workers on their lunch break. At the moment, they’re listening to the various speakers. A few minutes ago there was an enormous cheer when they were told that there were about fifty thousand of them. And that figure alone indicates just what public opinion is on this matter.
Speaker 2 The crowds came pouring onto the streets immediately afterwards and they’re making their reaction to this victory clear in no uncertain terms. Everywhere I look there are lines of people coming along the streets from all directions, arms linked, shouting and singing, and it really is the most incredible scene. People are greeting complete strangers as if they’ve known them all their lives. There’s never been anything like it in the history of this city.
Speaker 3 As I sit here, I sense an enormous tension among the crowd, a sense of great anticipation. Normally you’d expect a lot of noise, a lot of singing and chanting, but this is such an important day for all the supporters of both sides, with so much to be won and so much to be lost. There’s only a matter of, what, four or five minutes to go before the start, and so, soon, we’ll find out who’s going to be dancing with joy and who’s going to be bitterly disappointed.
Speaker 4 Well, it’s obviously been very well-supported and it certainly seems to have had an effect. A lot of people have probably decided they might as well stay at home but many more have obviously decided to make their way by other means. There’s a lot of traffic on the roads and plenty of people have chosen to walk. The leaders say that everything should be back to normal tomorrow and it’s possible that further talks will take place tomorrow. But for the time being, it’s chaos for many.
Speaker 5 Well, there’s certainly a very special atmosphere in the air, for what is a very special occasion. People have been pouring into the stadium from all over and there are queues stretching for miles. Expectations among the fans are high for what will be their first live appearance for years. And it’s obvious that, whatever the critics say, these fans remain loyal - I think that, when they finally step onto the stage, they’re going to go just wild.
Part You will hear part of a radio phone-in programme in which teenagers give advice on relationships between parents and children. For questions 24-30, write Y (YES) next to those views that are expressed by any of the speakers and N (NO) next to those views that are not expressed.
Presenter:... I hope that’s been of some use. Moving along, we’ve got Jane on the line.
Good evening Jane...
Jane: Good evening.
Presenter: Hi. Who would you like to speak to, Jane?
Jane: Well, anybody who might have been through the fourteen to eighteen year old age range, which I’m sure they all have, er, with regard to erm that awful subject of helping in the house. (laughs all round) I’ve got a fourteen... Oh yeah, I can hear everybody laughing... I’ve got a fourteen year old boy and an eighteen year old boy, er... I have given up with the eighteen year old about his bedroom. (giggles) I decided that he needed his space and if he wished to live in a rubbish tip then so be it, so I’ve simply closed the door on it. But it is the fact that I work, well, practically full-time, erm, and I could do with a bit of help around the house. But the usual response when I ask them is, er, well either they’re doing something else or, whichever son it is erm...
erm, or you know, it’s a case of ‘Why can’t he do it?’, meaning his brother. Or if they do actually get round to doing it then it’s not very well done - if it’s washing up they have water all over the floor. Erm, any tips?
Presenter: Nick, have you got something to say about this?
Nick: Well this sounds like more or less the same relationship that I had with my mum until she discussed it with me. I’m sixteen and if my mother, erm, if she needs help around the house, we have a sort of agreement that, uh, I clean up behind myself, I do any other jobs which look like they should be done, and I often repair things around the house and things like that. So if you maybe tell your children that this is what you want them to do, that they should at the very minimum clean up behind themselves and then do any other jobs that they feel they should do. That sounds to me like a fair agreement and if you try that it might work.
Amelia: Well the fact is your children really aren’t children any more and you shouldn’t really let them get away with it. They’re old enough, you know, to realize - and it’s not fair, you know, you’re their mother and they really should be doing what... I mean, they live under your roof. I think that all parents have a standard set of rules and that should be one of the rules, that they should do their share around the house. I think your view on, you know, letting your son leave his room, you know, a mess is a very satisfactory one and one that all parents should adopt but really, you know, you’re treating them like children if you don’t really insist that they help you in the house. Because your sons, especially your older son, they’re going to be leaving soon, to be leaving home to go to university or something, and they’re not going to have mummy there to do the washing up. They should start learning now, that, you know, chores should be shared in a family.
Presenter: Well Jane, it seems that the answer to all this is that you’re letting them off the hook. You tell them - they can’t get away with it any longer! (laughter all round) Anyway, we’re moving on now. If you want to speak to this panel tonight the number is 01325 580 4444, if you want to speak to our panel about any subject to do with parent - children relationships.
TEST Part For questions 1-8, choose the best answer A, B or C.
... it seems to me extraordinary that such a film should ever have been made. There’s nothing wrong with the cast - they’re all excellent actors - but I simply can’t imagine that the public are going to like it. It’s very violent but the violence is so badly done that it makes you want to laugh. It’s not exactly what you’d call original, and I suspect that most people unfortunate enough to go and see it will simply yawn and wait for it to end.
... yes, when I heard your last caller I was so annoyed that I... I just had to pull over and call in. Look, it’s all very well to sit back and criticize from the comfort of your own home, but if you had a job as hard as that, I mean if you had to go in every day and deal with the sort of things they have to deal with, day in, day out, you’d realize just how hard it is. Anyway, that’s all I wanted to say. I’ll be on my way now...
Woman: I saw Jack the other day. You know, we haven’t seen him since that wedding.
Man: Yeah, what a day that was!
Woman: Yeah. You know, that was the last time our whole class was together.
Man: You’re right. Hey, maybe we should try to have another get-together while you’re over here.
Woman: That’d be great. Do you think we’ve got time to organize it before I go back? I haven’t seen anyone from the old days since I went away.
Man: I don’t know. We could try.
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Excuse me, did you catch that announcement just then? I heard something about a flight to Madrid - that’s where I’m going - but I didn’t get what was said exactly. There was something about boarding at Gate 12,1 think - Gate 12’s over there, according to that sign but I’m not sure whether we’re supposed to go through now or wait here for another call. Did you catch it, by any chance?
Well, I’ve always found that it’s the director’s role that’s the really crucial one. He’s the one who decides what sort of atmosphere the music’s supposed to create and I just take it from there and try to match the sounds to that. Of course, it’s the actors that get all the attention - that’s only natural - but if I’ve done my job well, I think that what I do plays just as important a part in whether a film works or not.
I don’t know what came over me - it’s most unlike me to talk like that, as you know...
Look, I can perfectly well see your point of view and I’ve got no excuse. I wish I’d never opened my big mouth... Yes, I appreciate how upsetting it was, but all I can say is, it won’t happen again, I promise you. I mean, if it’s any comfort to you, I feel just as bad about it as you do.
Woman: Well, here we are right in the heart of the city and it’s certainly full of noise and activity, isn’t it Harry?
Man: Yes, in fact we’re talking to you from one of the many colourful markets that you can find all over the city, and I don’t think I’ve seen such a variety of food for sale anywhere else in the world.
Woman: It really is something, isn’t it. Well, for the next half hour, join us as we have a good look round various districts here and talk to the locals in our search for the real New York. Is there really nowhere else like it?
Part You will hear part of a travel programme, in which a reporter talks about various ferries. For questions 9-18, fill in the missing information.
Presenter: OK, now we come to our regular review spot, and this week we look at ferries. Every year hundreds of thousands of people take them across the sea from Britain to other parts of Europe, and we sent our reporter Alice Little to find out what they’re really like. Alice, the first one you took was the Sea Master - what did you make of it?
Alice: Yes, well I was particularly impressed by how friendly and competent the staff were, and overall this boat gave me a good trip. It has one bar and four restaurants - there’s nothing special about those, but they’re adequate - and a children’s area. The main problem for me was in the shops - they were much too crowded to make shopping easy and I could have done without being packed in there like a sardine.
Presenter: Marks out of ten?
Alice: I’d say about seven.
Presenter: Which boat was next?
Alice: Well, then I went on the Maid of the Ocean. This one has a very large bar full of video machines - if you like that sort of thing - one main restaurant and a smaller self service snack bar. I thought the children’s area stood out here - there were lots of games laid on and there was a kids’ video room there, which is a really good idea. On the downside, I felt that there just weren’t enough signs - I couldn’t find my way around and I kept getting lost when I went to get my car. So, I’d give this one six out of ten.
Presenter: OK, next we sent you on the Europa. What did you make of that?
Alice: On the whole I enjoyed this trip, especially because of the comfortable seating.
There was plenty of room in the seats and there were train-style compartments for up to six passengers, which are ideal if you want to play games. There are two big bars and one cafeteria - they weren’t bad - and a simple kids’ area. Unfortunately, a minus on this boat was that it was rather dirty - it didn’t look as if it had been cleaned up since the last trip.
Presenter: Marks out of ten?
Alice: I think seven.
Presenter: Did any boat score more than seven?
Alice: Yes, one. I’d give eight or nine to the Sea Breeze - I thought it was the best of the lot. It’s a brand-new boat - I think it’s only been in service for a couple of weeks - and I really enjoyed my trip on it. For me the biggest plus point was the range of food - in the four restaurants you could get everything from a quick snack and fast food to a superb four-course meal, that would not disgrace a very good city restaurant. If I have a criticism, it’s that it’s got this horrible design - there are too many patterns everywhere and it looks more like a floating shopping centre than a boat.
Presenter: OK, so that was the best. Which one was the worst?
Alice: Well I couldn’t give more than five out of ten to the Western Pride, I’m afraid. It wasn’t really to do with the boat itself - it had one or two things to recommend it, particularly the bargains in the shops - I picked up a few things there at low prices, so I certainly had no complaints on that subject. No, the big problem was the queues.
Everywhere you went, everything you wanted to do, there were always endless queues.
It drove me mad and really spoiled the trip.
Presenter: And finally?
Alice: Yes, finally, I went on the Blue Lagoon and I suppose this was about average, say six out of ten. One really good thing this one has is the ‘fun room’, which has video games, fruit machines and all manner of hi-tech amusements - it was certainly very popular with families. In the brochure they talk a lot about the restaurants and snack bars on this boat, but I have to report that the poor quality of the food in them really put me off. Everything I had was either overcooked or undercooked and I had a burger that was so disgusting I couldn’t finish it. Not exactly what you want on a sea crossing!
Presenter: Well, on that note, thanks for your views, Alice. Next week Alice will be comparing flights on different airlines...
Part You will hear five different people talking about a famous entertainer. For questions 19 23, choose which of the opinions A-F each speaker expresses. Use the letters only once.
There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.
Speaker 1 I think that behind that image, everything isn’t quite what it seems. You know, all that stuff in the papers about his private life - well, he hasn’t exactly been lucky there, has he? I mean, you can have all the talent in the world, and all the fame, but what use is that if your life’s a mess? He might look easygoing and all that, but I reckon he’s actually suffering a lot of the time.
Speaker 2 It seems to me that you can’t switch on the TV or open a magazine without seeing his face. It’s typical, though, these days, isn’t it? I mean, it’s just ridiculous - people like him, they come out of nowhere, suddenly everyone’s talking about them and then it’s here today, gone tomorrow. It’s got nothing to do with whether you’re any good or not, has it? It’s the media - they focus all that attention on them and then they just drop them.
Speaker 3 I know everyone says how fantastic he is and all that, but personally I just can’t see it. I mean, there are plenty of people around who could do what he does - I don’t think it takes anything special. I think all those things people say about how great he is, well it’s so stupid, he doesn’t deserve it at all. Mind you, there are people like him who seem to manage to stay at the top for ages, even though in all honesty they haven’t got much to offer.
Speaker 4 Well, he may or may not be any good at what he does - I’m not really in a position to know about that - but frankly you can’t expect to carry on like that in public and be taken seriously. I mean, I’d be far too embarrassed, but he obviously doesn’t care or he wouldn’t act like that, would he? Really, though, it’s not exactly amusing, what he does, is it? I don’t think he ought to be allowed to get away with it - someone ought to tell him to be quiet, very soon.
Speaker 5 I wouldn’t let that smile fool you - I mean, he’s no idiot, he knows exactly what he’s doing, he’s got his image all worked out. It’s obvious he wants to stay at the top for as long as he can. He’s got it all planned. That ‘everybody’s friend’ act he puts on, he’s obviously just pretending. He must hope nobody notices, and I suppose most people don’t. Underneath it, though, he’s incredibly ambitious, I reckon.
Part You will hear part of an interview with a man who has spent some time living on a desert island. For questions 24-30, choose the best answer A, B or C.
Interviewer: Tony Williams’ book, Island of Dreams, is less like a travel book than most I’ve read. It’s the true story of one man’s, one family’s, search for paradise. It’s an amazing book, but it’s a book full of disappointment for a man in search of a bit of perfection. You’re a dreamer, aren’t you, Tony? At the beginning of the book you’re fairly innocent and fairly naive.
Tony: Yes, I’ve always had dreams since my younger days, when I was absorbed in so many books - my dreams have always come from books. And when I first went to the island it was my first voyage out of Britain and I was shocked by the beauty, by the colour. It was a strange and wonderful experience.
Interviewer: So you went there - what were you looking for?
Tony: I was looking for total escape, release from stress. While I was in Britain I’d been working so many years and getting into increasing debt with electricity, gas and there were so many bills and I had a young family and I thought I needed... I’d been reading about a man called Tom Nealy in the 1950s, he lived on a desert island for several years and I was just looking to get away from society, so I decided to do that.
Interviewer: It didn’t work though. You had to go back to Britain.
Tony: Yes, I got to this uninhabited island with my wife Kathy. I had no sort of financial backing and I could only afford a cheap tent... and it was very small and I had this knife and this fishing net. I was unprepared and it was very difficult on our island.
Er... we couldn’t climb the coconut trees to get coconuts to eat, and I’m unable to swim so we found some difficulty in fishing. If we’d had anybody to collect us, we would have left the island after a few days. Because we were left there without any of the local divers coming to collect us, we adjusted and we managed after the first few months.
Presenter: But you left.
Tony: We left the island first of all because we’d left the children with Kathy’s parents so that we could see whether we could survive on the island. We went back to Britain - I only had six months’ leave of absence, without pay, from my employers. Then when we went back to Britain, I had this accident and I lost my job and I wanted to go back to the island with my children, with the family as a whole.
Interviewer: So you went back to the island... and at this stage... you give details in the book about the sunburn, the fishing and all the rest of it that you had to do, and there’s a wonderful description of a storm.
Tony: Yes, after the first week or so on the island for the second time, we had a hurricane. The calm lagoon turned into huge waves, our tent nearly blew away and there was fear but we didn’t want to show it to our children because they looked up to us. I thought I needed to tie my four-year-old daughter to a palm tree for safety but it didn’t happen because she was a bit scared. There was a lot of noise on the island, there were a lot of frigate-birds and mynah birds and a few hours prior to the storm everything went quiet as if the animals sensed what was coming, but we didn’t realize that at the time.
The storm lasted one night and half a day and the island was in a bit of a mess after that.
Interviewer: You’re back in Britain now to promote the book, but are you going back to the island?
Tony: I came back to Britain with my family but I’m homesick for the island.
Interviewer: What about your wife?
Tony: She’s had a taste of the South Seas and she wants to go back there.
Interviewer: If you went back, would you find it easy to survive?
Tony: Well, what I found on our island, which was strange - all the years I was working, for ten years I was working twelve-hour shifts and I wasn’t progressing, there wasn’t any money, still a search for money to find to pay our bills. But on our island we had the coconuts for food, fish, crabs, rice, there were wild chickens, and we found we could survive on the island with the food that was there. Still, we would take more supplies with us next time.
Interviewer: Would you take the kids with you next time, and would you go forever?
Tony: This is what we’ve discussed and what we’ve decided is when we get back as a family to the island, if for any reason the children say, ‘We’ve been here for a few months, we want to go back home, it’s not for us’, then I would return with them until they became independent and that’s when I would go back to the island for good.
Interviewer: Well, it’s a wonderful story and if you read it, it tells you a lot about yourself and your own reactions. Tony Williams, thanks for coming.
Tony: Thank you.
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