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1 ]oxo coa cc e oep yopoa pe o op op aa.

a oa ..

Moca Mococ ocyapc e c y e poo ex ( exec yepc e ) Pacca pae c o ec poe, cax c oppoae e aax opaox pecypco pac peeex c oo, opaa ocoa e aax e pao pe o op, oopa oc y a a ocoe c ooa c aap o e aax Dublin Core IMS. peoe exa peopaoa e aax pac peeex c oo ee eapa oo pec ae pecypca e pao pe o op. peoe oxo co pe c aap o oc poe cc e a oa poaoo a oe e paoo pe o op a ocoe aoec pe o op eepaoo op aa c pe o op op opa x op ao opaoa ex ypee.

O ex ac e o coa op ao eepaoo ypo e c oppoae exao, oec eax oepy opaoo opaoa eo cpe oc peoao paoe coc o. Cc oc poe oo op aa o paae c oo o cyae, ec opa, oc y o opo o oec eae, peoc aee e cepc oc peoa peax ex poeccax, peypo, eeeo pao e. A oo opa oa oepa c paoe coc o, o opaa pey a ope o e eoc , o opa, a pao, ocyec e c opaoa ex ypeex, a ypoe ex x cooec , op opa x oee c oax oppoa epo opa.

Ceoa eo, oe papao a aae exa ocoa cee o epx opaox pecypcax (P) e pao pe o op eepaoo op aa.

B c c e, o a ac o oe eoc a oo pa o poc paooo oec ee opaooo pa, oxo pyey, oa paoe opaaoe poe oy opo poecc oppoa, pa c ooa opaox pecypco. Hoa coao-eepa apaa, o opa oe oec e exooec pop oa ocoaa e a pyooc e y pae, a a opaa. Oa oa peyca pa c ooae e x c pye o coopaa e eoc yac o oaooo poecca. Too p ao yco ooe pop. xo o ye ocoa a c ooa a aaex popx exoo, a eo c pye o yy oe opaaoe c pye [1] B xopoo c poe poao opaoo c py ype oo o paa c pa e cex a pae e eoc o peeex cooec e o pee, oep coec o e eoc paax o pac py yp oa oec ea c opaa oc y e ax oopa oc y a .

o e opaooo pecypca cea pa oaoc eca poo. B pao e ypea M.A. Tpacopa pee o oac poea y pae opao pecypca [2] ae c ooeoe o peeee opaooo pecypca a pey a o opaoo ooopaoc e eoc yyo, pey a o, o ope oy oopa o oc peoa eo op aoe o.

pee ae o peeee pe o op a ec a xpae e aax, o ec cee o ax. Me aae a o ca epx opaox pecypco c op opao pecypca (BP).

Pe o op pec ae coo exa oee xpae ax o epx pecypcax, c oco peoc a e aae x pecypco o pe e o epa oca, copa, oc a pecypco. Oo cc eax opao ax o oeee ax oae c o ecee oe a, pec aeoo pac peeex c oax, eo opoy accy.

Ocoe poe papao cc e, peax aa epa ax, aa c o, o opaoe pecypc, o oc eo o opx ao p peee o o ece x oy oy accy cc ee acca, p o a op ae, c pac peee e epoe.

p epa a eepao op ae opx pecypco c ae o ec poe, cax c e, o epe opaoe pecypc pax c oo oy e pae ea, a py , e epe ..,.e. cyec y poe oppoa coacoao o oo. p ao ao, o oce apy ae o x epx pecypcax e yax pao axo ec o oe p o cooec a e cc ee acca opo. C oo oe a o o peoc ae ooa e coc ae eoo opaooo poc pac a. o ooee oaae ocooe e a poe poae opaoo c py yp pe o op.

o ec poe ca c oppoae e aax. O ca epx opaox pecypco poo c pa c ep a, o pa cxea.

Bc a poe oec ee oao ooaoc cea epo, c oyex p c ea ax c oo, -a oo, o pae ooa e oy c ooa oaoe ep pao cce , aoopo, ooo oo e o pae aa.

Cop e aax oa ocox poe pe o op eepaoo op aa. Ha epx a ax a poea, oeo, ye pea c pyy. Ho yc ex yopoa pe o op opaox pecypco a op ae ac o epe a oa poax oxoo oepe copa e aax o pac peeex c oo.

p ao a o poc ocoa opa o epx opaox pecypcax (P), coaaex pac peeex c oax, e pao pe o op eepaoo op aa. peaae oxo oppoa pe o op eepaoo op aa epa opx opaox pecypco c e o pao a poco ooa ee apye c a papao e c ooa c eax exao:

a) exao peopaoa o ca, oc aex o pac peeex c oo epx opaox pecypco, o ca x e pecypco, o ye a ypoe eepaoo op aa,.e., o ope opaoe pecypc, pec aee e pao pe o op ( coa, exao pee oey aea e o ca c oo opaox pecypco);

) exao oca oc y a op opao pecypca, axoc pe o op, p opao e a poco ooa ee a op ae.

Papao a e pox opaox pecypco ocyec e c c oo paopox popax poy o, coax pa poo e popaoo oec ee aao e coec x ey coo. Hecoec oc opa o c py yp ax poe c a yx ypox: oeco oe yao.

Ha oeco ypoe ecoec oc oycoea c ooae poo e popax poy o cox coc ex pec ae ax. Ha oe yao ypoe ecoec oc oycoea o ac e e pa, o oe c e e e, o pae cc e pey coe pao ae o pax ac e ax ooo oo e opaooo pecypca. Ceoa eo, c oyee pa pa popaa oe yae cxe paa c ey coo.

o oaae ocooe e, a a c py ypy pao pee, a a apx e ypy cc e epea a op a ax pax c oo. Ec po e aax o epa x opaox cc eax oc a oo opaea, o e paoo pe o op eepaoo op aa ae pa x e aax cpec peoc ae x ae oe ooa e e c o ocox yco yc eo peaa. Ha pep, pee e ooa e op aa coppye cc ee co o poc, o oe o , aa opa ee c, acoo oa a yaa, oo e oep , coo pee oe a oppoae o e a ..

Bce o ee eoxooc pee pa poe. aa x o eoxooc c ooa c eax poeyp oo o o ca pecypco, ocyec ex oc aa pecypco c oa ax.

aaa epa ax oe peea a ce ya o ca, pec ae ax. Ha o a pae ceac poo cooec e yc o coa c aap o.

C aap IMS [3] ac oee pe e c aoee popao a c aap o, y ax c ey opaoa eo e eoc . O peaae cec opoeo ooo o ca opaox poy o yeoo aae. B c aap e cyec ye oc a oo oo oe cec opoeo ooo o ca ax o oo e poo opaoo pecypce. Ha ac o oe IMS aoee pac poc pae, ey c pye poe , o opx IMS e c yac o, paax o opx ey c pao o pacpe e aax IMS papao e eo opx ac poe, o paax pay c ey, a pep poe SCORM, oepae py o ADL [4]. oec o c aap o pac e. Ec ec eo ac oe epep e oe yax cxe. Ha pep, o aooo, a op ..

pcy c y o cex c aap ax. c papao o c aap o a pae a o, o oe ecox c aap o o o cac oaoo.

To, o oe yae cxe ac o epepa c, ae oooc e o a x o ey pa cxea o ca, a, ceoa eo, ey pa oac e eoc pa a a eoo a opaooo pecypca.

epepaec ac a oooc peaa c ocoa epexoa o e coo aopa a py o o ca pecypca aopy eapa x (accaox) ee o, a ocoa o opx opaoao y opoae pe o op a op ae.

Ocoa e peaaeoo pee coc o o, o ee c oa o ca cex opaox pecypco, oxc pac peeex e epoex c oax ax, ac ( epepaac ac oe yax cxe), coacoaa c poeo o ooe opaoa eo e eoc o peee c a ao aop eapa x (accaox) a py o, c oyex y opoa pe o op a eepao op ae. poe oo, aoo c oa pecypca o ca oo pecypca oe pcy c oa o oe, o op oaae o op xapa epe ope oo c oa.

epa aaa yc ao coo e c e ey aopo oe o ca pecypca, ceaoo e co cc ee oec o ee o eapa oo o oe a pec ae opaooo pecypca a op ae.

eapa o oe coc o ee o y opoa ac o paoo c ocoa ee ope oo o ca pecypca pe o op pecypco a op ae. Ha op aax c oco oc y a peaye c oo ocpec o a aoa.

C py ypa a aoo axo c o ao ooao coo e c c pao ooypoeo epapxeco cc eo acca opaox pecypco.

Ec c py ypa a aoa coo e c ye coacoaoy aooy aopy eapa x (accaox ) a py o, c oyex o ca opaox pecypco, o a ocoe aaa o ca pecypca, oc y eo o pac peeeoo c oa, , ac oc , o ac , o opa coo e c ye aooy aopy accaox a py o, ooo p e pee o paee o ca ope oo pecypca o oe ec o c py yp a aoa pe o op op aa. Aa oe oc aec ac o ca, o opa xapa epa pac peeeoo c oa, c ooae eo opx exao oa oee x oe oo coc a eoe o cae oo pecypca, o ye c pee o paee ye o peeeo ec e c py yp a aoa pe o op.

Ta opao, peae c aaa epexoa o e coo aopa a py o o ca pecypca aopy eapa x (accaox) ee o, a ocoa o opx opaoao y opoae pe o op a op ae ocpec o o opx opaye c oc y opa o pecypce , ec ae, oc y caoy pecypcy.

cxo eo caoo oxoa opaa aoec ey pac peee c oa oppoa pecypco pe o ope x pecypco a eepao op ae, epee pacco pe apx e yp cc e epea pe o op a op ae ax pax c oo.

C py ypo ay cc ey oo pec a yx o oe o o oe a op aoo ypo o oe a, pao aeo c c oa ax.

o oe op aoo ypo (pc. 1) coc o oye, aoec yx ey coo peax p aa, o x pcya.

Puc 1. Apx e ypa o oe a op aoo ypo.

o oe, pao a c c oa opaox pecypco (pc 2), o eae a oppoae a aaeo ap o pecypca. C aap IMS coe ac Content Packaging Specification o peee coc a c oco oppoa o ap o XML opa e coc ae a aaeoo aec a.

Coae opaox pecypco ocyec e c c oo paopox popax poy o, oc aex pa poo e popaoo oec ee aao e coec x ey coo. Ho pee aa a oa poaoo o oe pe o op eepaoo op aa eoxoo co c opo c oo oppoa opaox poy o oec eee coa xo ap o pecypca XML-Content Packaging Specification. accaoo o ca ee paa o c ooa c aec e, oopeo c aap e IMS c c ooae oox pacpe ye a c e pocccoo opaoa.

eycoo, pacpe ao papaa a x ao y epa , a e a ca accaoo-o ca ee paa.

Puc. 2. o oe, pao a c c oa opaox pecypco Ho poe poe oo o o ca pecypco, ocyec ex pac peee oc aa pecypco, poe y opoa e paoo pe o op y e ooypoeo opaa e aax, cyec ye p poe, cax c exooec ac e a c ooa cpe epe. B o ce - peee o poco ay e a ooa ee, a ax p x epeee pe o op op aa o epa x ex c oo, a ax p x epeae o ce .

a, ocoe poe epa ax o opaox pecypcax ceye:

Pac peee xapa ep c oo Heoxooc a ooypoeo opaa e aax o peoc e o epa, xpae opao e oe ox oeo opa Heoopooc popao cpe oee peoa eo acoc ax Ha pae pee x poe ea oac c ooa ox oxoo poe poa a ax, peaa oe xpa ax ox exooecx ycox.

o, c ac ocoa ee ooo a pae pa exoo , a accecoe o peeee opaooo xpaa 1990 . O oxapa epoa eo a c ea opao ac ppyey ay ax, coepoe o opo ee ceye coc a:

pee a ope a eppoaoc ax apa oc o pee Hepapyaeoc c aoc opa Ma ooc opa B oceee pe ce oee o ypo [5] c ao c e coec oe xpaa p ax oo peaa c ooa xpae ax aec e ec eoo c oa eppoax ax cex p ax. Taoe xpae ax ooc e paoao, o popye c y pae c. oaoe xpae ax oe xpa c e paoao coc o ecox pac peeex ce cepepo xpae ax. B pa ax (Data Mart) o coey cxooy o peee - o aop ea ec cax a ax, o ope coepa opa, o ocyc o e ac e a e eoc cooec e. o cy ea, pa ax - o oee apa xpaa ax, coepa oo ea ec oeee ae,.e., aa pa oe axo c a c eapoao op ae.

oxo oc poe xpaa ax, epa eoopox c oo ax p ao o ae c o oxoa aeco epa paopox ax. Peao c po c ooe py oac aoe xpae, y paee a o opo pocxo o py paa, e o epa x aax ax.

Cc ea oep a oe e paoo pe o op a ocoe xpaa ax eoxoa o pao a poco ooa ee oee oo ae oooc opaa copa e aax oec a pac peeex pe o ope peoc ae oooc oca o . Cc ea copae opa pax c oo oppye eoe pec aee a ypoe eepaoo op aa o a paex opaoa eo e eoc .

Pacco p opoee exa o pao a poco epe opaee e paoy pe o op. oocoa oxoo coa c py yp oep yopoa pe o op eepaoo op aa pacco p cxey pee aa oca a op ae o a pocy ooa e (pc 3). a poc ae oo yx o:

- o e coa, coepac epx opaox pecypcax, oa pee aa oca eoxoo opa c o epoo opaooo pecypca, - o xapa epc a epx pecypco, o ope oy ee pec ae epoo pecypca pe o op.

Opaee ep O peee c opao pecypca Be c ceap a poc oca Opaee op opao pecypca Puc.3. Cxea pee aa oca a op ae o a pocy ooa e.

oppoa paoax ceape oca eoxoo e oe o peeee pee a oca o oca. o oe eo epe epec ooa e o a py, o oceo y e e xapa epc ooa e.

pee oca aae c a poce oo o o e coa coepa epoo opaooo pecypca, o o xapa epc a epx pecypco.

Coap oc oe ye yx cyax:

a) oc o coepa epx oye o oa yo opa c o epoo oye a ocyec coap oc o ey;

) oc o op xapa epc a oye o oa oc ocyec e c a coap oc y p ap o.

pee aa oc poe peaa e x ceape oca oo e e oaa:

1. c ooa c aap e ao ca pecypco opypo aox o poco popoax epecax ooa ee o oc eo oo, o o e e o oca.

2. Cyee o oca epe oopoae c py ype a aoo e paoo pe o op.

Pacco p o eoo opoee. C aap e a o ca pecypca opa e Dublin Core Metadata [6] ae eo ope oooc pee epo oaa.

C co aaee oe pa c aap a DC pee ae e.

A py pea 1.aae , aoe pecypcy.

Oo aae e c , o o op pecypc oao ec e.

2. A op o, ecyee epy o e c eoc a coae coa e coepa pecypca.

pep Coa e a epcoy, opaa cyy. Oo Coa e c oye c a oe a.

3. pee Tea coepa pecypca.

ee coa Oo pee paae c c oo ex co, ex pa accaox oo, o ope o ca ey pecypca. pa ecoo c ooa peoeye c pa aee o popyeoo coap opao accaoo cxe.

4. O cae Cooee o coepa pecypca.

O cae oe pec aeo ( o eoxooc ) e: peepa a, oae, cc a paecoe pec aee coepa poc oo ec ooo oee coepa.

5.a e o, o e c eoe a o pecypca opaee.

pep a e a epcoy, opaa cyy. Oo a e c oye c a oe a.

6. Cee o o, ecee a coae coepa pecypca.

o e c eoc pep Coc o e a epcoy, opaa cyy. Oo Coc o e c oye c a oe a.

7. a a a a, caa c co e eo e pecypca.

Oo a a accopye c c coae oc y oc pecypca. Ha pa e peoeye c opo ae a c ooa o peeee po ISO 8601 (opa a pee W3C), o opoe oepae opa -MM-.

8. T pecypca ppoa ap coepa pecypca.

T ae ep, o cae oe a eop, y, ap oeee ypo coepa.

pa ecoo c ooa peoeye c pa aee o popyeoo coap (a pep, paoeo poe a c ca T o Dublin Core DCT1). o ca ecoo pooo pec ae pecypca c oye c ee opa.

9. opa ecoe pooe pec aee pecypca.

Oo opa oe a ayoyao opa (ea- ) ey pecypca. opa oe c ooa c o peee a apa oo, popaoo oec ee pyoo oopyoa, eoxooo oc poee pao c pecypco. pep e a paep poo eoc . pa ecoo c ooa peoeye c pa aee o popyeoo coap (a pep, c ca Mea- o epe MIME, o peeeo o epe opa ayoyao opa).

10. e a op Ooaa cca a pecypc peeax aoo pecypca o ec a.

pa ecoo c ooa peoeye c e poa pecypc ocpec o c po ca, coo e c yeo opao e aoo cc ee. pep opax e aox cc e a poa e a op Pecypca (URI) (a poa oa op Pecypca URL), e a op pooo Oe a (DOI) Meyapo C aap Hoep (ISBN).

11. c o Cca a pecypc, o opoo ee ac o.

Hac o pecypc oe ee c oa eo ac o. pa ecoo c ooa peoeye c e poa pecypc ocpec o c po ca, coo e c yeo opao e aoo cc ee.

12. ee yaoo coepa pecypca.

pa ecoo c ooa peoeye c aee ee a "", o peeeoe RFC 1766 (T e a a), a yxye o a ( c aap a ISO (o pec ae aa o)), a o op ceye ( p eoxooc ) yxye o c pa ( c aap a ISO 3166 (o pec ae aa c pa)). Ha pep, "en" - acoo, "fr" - paycoo, "en-uk" - acoo, c oyeoo Beop a.

13.O oe Cca a poc e pecypc.

pa ecoo c ooa peoeye c e poa pecypc ocpec o c po ca, coo e c yeo opao e aoo cc ee.

14. oa ec po eoc pa coepa pecypca.

oxa a Oxa ooeo ae poc pac eoe ec oaxoee (aae ec oc eopaece oopa ), peeo poey o (yaae epoa, a a p a ) pc (yaae e ac pa oo ee). Ha pa e peoeye c pa aee o popyeoo coap (a pep, Teaypyca eopaecx aa TGN), , ec o yec o, pe o ee o ae c yaa ec oc e peeoo poey a ec o pox e a opo, a, a pep, cc e oopa peex po.

15. paoe opa o paax c ooa, coepaac ac e y p e pecypca.

Oo ee paa coep ooee o paox opax, peypyx yopoae pecypca ccy a cyy, peoc ay y opa.

paoa opa oo ae cee o paax ee yao coc eoc , A opco pae pyx yec ex paax. O cy c e ee a paa e oe c ocoae ax-o pe ooe o paoo c a yce pyx paax, acaxc pecypca.

aaa epeco ac cc e, o opa o paa ae a poc ooa ee, c , o ca e ca . Ho cy o, o yo o cea a, o oo ooa e ec y opa, o opa, o- epx, oe ey ec a, a o opx, ye c ococ oa e oc o pao a poca oe aec a peoc aeo ey opa.

Moo pe oo , o ooa e eepaoo opaoa eoo op aa coe ce oopoa o oc eo oo, ao ay op o o oc c (c ye, a ype, pe oaa e ..). Tae oo pe oo , o ooa e coe o pee , oac aoo oeec x ypoe opaoa ea eo eye epec (oeo, ceo . .), coe pa , o pae epe, aae pee a oca opaoa eoo pecypca (xo o eoa eo).

aee, ye c oo peaaex epece oe oo a c y o , o ope o yo ooa e o ee oe ey ec o, o pe aay a ey peea o opa o poa poecc o pao a poca cao cc eo. oee p ao oo pa a a a:

1) y oee o e xapa epc a pecypca, aee o opx oe pao eo opoo oec a peaaex;

2) y oee o e xapa epc a, aee o opx o c ooa ee o e coa paa.

oppoa cc eo e oo ceap oca eoxoo pa paoa c oco y opoa coepa pe o op o pee c c coc ao, opo pec ae oo coepa. oceee o ec op opao pecypc, pec a eo op ep opao pecypc ( y e eo o ca, yaa cc a eo ..). C o aaa coacoa oc poe ao ooaoo coo e c aopa ae a py o, oyaeoo epeco ac cc e c aopo eapa x (accaox) ee o, a ocoa o opx opaoao y opoae pe o op a op ae ocpec o o opx opaye c oc y opa o pecypce , ec ae, oc y caoy pecypcy.

ocoy y opoae pe o op peaye c epe a ao, o c py ype a aoa o a o paee epepaec ac ( o) c aap o DC IMS.

A eo peaae c ceyee.

B c py ypy a aoa o ece aec e ypoe a aoa ceye epepaec ac oee DC oe LOM, c oyeo c aap e IMS., a eo o:

pee T pecypca o IMS, pop e o ae c e opaoa eo e eoc :

po opaoa (IMS- oe5.6) eea ay op (IMS- oe5.5) ( pe oaa e, a op, oyac, eeep) c ooa ee a o cey opao:

poe a aoa pee e c a o coo e c c oo ae ypoe opaoa (oee, . .) poe a aoa T pecypca e c a o coo e c c oo ae o eea ay op Ta opao, o ypo a aoa o oa x ooo oopoae paee o ca pecypca.

O e , o, p e, ce oc aec o c aap a DC oo c ooa o ca pecypca, paeaeoo a aoe. Ho ec y a peaoe ooee e, o c eo op o oo opee . Ha pep, o, apeeppoae c aap ax a DC, a IMS(LOM) a ya ceo o pecypca, oa e c oye c -a o cy c eo poo cc e oa.

oe, eeoe c aap e DC eoe peoea IMS(LOM), oa ec oxa (coverage) ae coe: a pa e e pee paox o poco a aooa eo ypoe oc a oo coo o ce opa pac poc paee e pox opaox pecypco. Pacco p e ep ae oe c aap a DC IMS(LOM) oo c ooa o ca pecypca, paeaeoo a aoe, coo oc x c o cao e oe aoec ooa e c epeco cc e o o pao e a poca a oc pecypca.

C xapa epc a, ae o opx oy pa ooa ee ( p ea oooc ) opaeoo oec a ae a yco o opa pecypco, a, ceoa eo, cye o oca, oo coo ec ceye o DC:

a a opa paoo ac




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